® ® DMS-PS-CM Series C High Efficiency, AC/DC Instrumentation Power Supplies with Individually Isolated Outputs US E151252 ® Features • Up to 80% efficient single, dual, and tripleoutput models • Individual, fully-isolated outputs: 3000Vac on main 4000V double-isolation on auxiliaries • Available with +5V, +12V, and +24V outputs • Low noise: 40mVp-pk on main, 8mVp-pk on auxiliaries; Ideal for sensitive instrumentation • Universal input: 85-264Vac @ 47-63Hz • Choice of 5, 10, or 16W models for minimal system power-consumption • Standby power consumption as low as 0.6W • Short-circuit protection on all outputs; OVP on main output • Built-in ac mains fuse & 'Power On' indicator • 5W models operate up to 5 LED-display DPM's • Vibration-resistant, chassis-mount modular packages • EMI compliant; Safety approvals pending • Low cost! DATEL’s DMS-PS-CM Series of high-efficiency, chassis mount AC/DC power supplies feature low noise (40mV on main, 8mV on auxiliaries), fully-isolated +24, +12V, and +5V outputs, making them perfect for powering today’s complex instrumentation. A high-current main output is isolated from the AC line by 3000Vac. In dual- and tripleoutput models, the low-current auxiliary outputs are isolated from the main output by 1000Vdc, and from each other by 2000Vdc, effectively providing double isolation from the AC line! This unprecedented isolation eliminates ground loop problems in complex, multiple-instrument applications. Full-load efficiencies of up to 80% and output-power ratings of 5, 10 or 16 Watts, combine to ensure minimal ac power consumption. For intermittent use or lowpower applications, the 5-Watt model’s no-load quiescent consumption with a nominal 120Vac input is a mere 0.6 Watts---that’s nearly seven times less than a standard 4W night light! These low cost, high-efficiency power supplies can significantly reduce long-term electricity costs in low (<5Watts) to medium (<16Watts) power applications. All DMS-PSX-CM power supplies feature universal inputs of 85-264Vac 50/60Hz, built-in line fuses, and on-board ‘Power On’ LED indicators. At full rated load, hold-up time is typically 20ms at 120Vac, and 80ms at 230Vac. All outputs provide indefinite short-circuit protection and, for added reliability, the main high-current output also includes overvoltage protection. A rugged, vibration-proof, chassis mount package incorporates large, shock-resistant terminal blocks for all I/O connections. Multiple outputs, low noise, low cost, high efficiency, double isolation, and rugged construction combine to make DMS-PSX-CM Series AC/DC power supplies the ideal choice for powering today’s sensitive instrumentation, and any electronic device that requires a reliable dc voltage! LDO Regulator DC/DC ** Converter + *Not used on single-output models **Used only on dual and triple-output models + + – OUT GND TB3 + + V3 (Auxilliary) – – LDO Regulator DC/DC ** Converter + + + AC/DC Converter – TB4 IN IN OUT GND – * + 85-264V AC(N) 50/60Hz + V2 (Auxilliary) + – F1 1A/250V AC(L) TB2 TB1 + V1 (Main) – FG Figure 1. DMS-PS-CM Series Simplified Schematic DATEL, Inc., Mansfield, MA 02048 (USA) • Tel: (508)339-3000, (800)233-2765 Fax: (508)339-6356 • E–mail: [email protected] • Internet: www.datel.com DMS-PS-CM Series H I G H E F F I C I E N C Y, A C / D C I N S T R U M E N TAT I O N P OW E R S U P P L I E S Performance/Functional Specifications Typical at TA = +25°C and VIN = 85-264V @47-63Hz AC Input Input Voltage Range, All models ➀ DC Outputs (continued) 85-264V @47-63Hz Input Current (115V/230V, typ.): 5-Watt Models 10-Watt Models 16-Watt Models 0.15A/0.07A 0.3A/0.13A 0.33A/0.16A Inrush Current (All models, typical peak): @115Vac @230Vac 14.1A 32.5A Isolation (Min.): Output V1 to AC Input Outputs V2 & V3 to AC Input AC Input to Frame Ground Output V1 to Frame Ground Outputs V2 & V3 to Frame Ground Outputs V2 & V3 to Output V1 Output V2 to Output V3 3000Vac 3000Vac + 1000Vdc 1500Vac 500Vac 500Vac + 1000Vdc 1000Vdc 2000Vdc Frame Ground Leakage Current (Max.): @115Vac @230Vac 0.5mA 3.5mA Switching Frequency (Typical): V1 (5W and 10W models) V1 (16W models) V2 & V3 (All models) Line Fuse (Built-in) AC Mains Terminal Block (TB4): Wire Size & Type Insulation Strip Length Screw Tightening Torque Rated Voltage Efficiency ([email protected] 120Vac, full load): Single Output Models Dual Output Models Triple Output Models 75% 73% 71% DC-Output Terminal Blocks (TB1, TB2, TB3): Wire Size &Type 16-20AWG (1.5 to 0.5mm2), solid or stranded Insulation Strip Length 0.25 inches (6.4mm) Screw Tightening Torque 3.6 pound-inches (0.4Nm) Short Circuit Protection (All outputs) Foldback, self-recovering Overvoltage Protection V1 (max.) 134% x Vout Environmental Operating Temperature 0 to +50°C @ full rated power; –25 to +70°C @ 50% rated power (see Figure 3) Storage Temperature –40 to +85°C Cooling Free air convection with derating (see Figure 3 and Technical Notes) 75kHz 83kHz 100kHz Humidity (Non-condensing) 0 to 85% 1A/250Vac, 5 x 20mm, meeting IEC60127-2, sheet 3 specification for time lag fuses (slow-blow) Dimensions See Mechanical Specifications Weight: 5 Watt Models 10 Watt Models 16 Watt Models 5.8 ounces (165 grams) 6.9 ounces (195 grams) 7.9 ounces (223 grams) Case Materials: Outer Case DC/DC Modules AC/DC Modules ABS, UL94 5VA Phenolic, UL94 V-0 Plastic, UL94 V-1 Physical 14-20AWG (2.5 to 0.5mm2), solid or stranded 0.25 inches (6.4mm) 4.4 pound-inches (0.5Nm) 630V (VDE 0110-V. Group 2); 250V (VDE 0110-V. Group 3) EMI (All models) Meets CISPR Pub. 22 & FCC Class B Safety Approvals Pending ➀ All models will also operate from a regulated and filtered 110 to 340Vdc input. ➁ Unless otherwise specified, load regulation is measured with the output under test undergoing a load change of 100% to 50% at nominal line input and, when applicable, with all other outputs operating at 50% of rated load. DC Outputs Line Regulation (All outputs) ±0.1% (max) Load Regulation: ➁ V1 (All models) V2 & V3 (All models) ±2% ±0.2% (max) Output Accuracy (Max.): V1 (All models) V2 & V3 (All models) ±2.0% ±2.5% Hold-Up Time (47-63Hz): @115Vac @230Vac 20mSec. typ. 80mSec. typ. Noise & Ripple (All models, 20MHz bandwidth): V1 V2 & V3 See Noise & Ripple graphs 40mVp-pk (typ.) 8mVp-pk (typ.) Transient Response ➂ See Transient Response graphs ➂ Transient response is defined as the output returning to within its specified tolerance in 10ms or less, following a 90% load change. DATEL, Inc., Mansfield, MA 02048 (USA) • Tel: (508)339-3000, (800)233-2765 Fax: (508)339-6356 • E–mail: [email protected] • Internet: www.datel.com 2 H I G H E F F I C I E N C Y, A C / D C I N S T R U M E N TAT I O N P OW E R S U P P L I E S DMS-PS-CM Series Ordering Information and Selection Guide DATEL Part No. DMS-PS1-CM DMS-PS2-CM DMS-PS3-CM DMS-PS4-CM DMS-PS5-CM DMS-PS6-CM DMS-PS7-CM DMS-PS8-CM DMS-PS9-CM DMS-PS10-CM DMS-PS11-CM DMS-PS12-CM Rated Power 5 Watts 5 Watts 5 Watts 10 Watts 10 Watts 10 Watts 16 Watts 16 Watts 16 Watts 16 Watts 16 Watts 16 Watts V1 Output 5Vdc/1A 5Vdc/0.65A 5Vdc/0.35A 24Vdc/0.45A 24Vdc/0.35A 24Vdc/0.30A 24Vdc/0.70A 24Vdc/0.60A 24Vdc/0.55A 12Vdc/1.35A 12Vdc/1.2A 12Vdc/1.2A Tehnical Notes V2 Output — 4.85Vdc/0.2A 4.85Vdc/0.2A — 4.85Vdc/0.2A 4.85Vdc/0.2A — 4.85Vdc/0.2A 4.85Vdc/0.2A — 4.85Vdc/0.2A 4.85Vdc/0.2A V3 Output — — 4.85Vdc/0.2A — — 4.85Vdc/0.2A — — 4.85Vdc/0.2A — — 4.85Vdc/0.2A 3. Fuse Replacement: If any dc-output drops to zero volts, and no fault conditions exist within the external load circuitry or the ac mains, F1 may have failed. F1 is located on the circuit (etch) side of the pc-board. Fuse replacement is performed by first de-energizing and then disconnecting the ac mains from TB4. Next, disconnect all load wiring from TB1, TB2, and TB3. Lastly, remove the four screws that secure the pc-board to the plastic case. After making sure that the new fuse is securely attached to its mounting clips, re-assemble the unit using all four screws. Reconnect all input and output wiring and re-apply ac power. IMPORTANT! To ensure safe and reliable operation, DMS-PS-CM power supplies must be installed and serviced by qualified personnel. Contact DATEL if there is any doubt regarding their installation and/or operation. Please read all of the following technical and application notes BEFORE installing or making connections to DMS-PS-CM power supplies. Warnings (Marking) Caution, unit may become hot in normal operation, thereby creating a potential burn hazard. Disconnect ac mains and then allow unit to cool before servicing. Reference document: IEC 417, No. 5041. If the unit still does not operate properly, and the ac supply at TB4 is measured to be within its specified operating range, the power supply is defective and must be replaced. Except for F1, DMS-PS-CM supplies contain no other user-serviceable components. Dangerous, potentially lethal voltages are present during normal operation. Disconnect ac mains before servicing. Reference document: IEC 417, No. 5036. 4. Wire Gauges and Fusing: All wiring connected to the DMS-PS-CM’s terminal blocks must meet the requirements specified in the Functional Specifications section. All ac supply and load wiring must be rated for the voltages and currents they will conduct and must comply with any code or application-mandated requirements pertaining to the user’s specific installation. Applications subject to vibration should include adequate strain reliefs on both input and output wiring. Install the strain reliefs within 2-3 inches (5-7.5cm) of the terminal blocks. Caution, refer to accompanying documents for more information. Reference document: ISO 3864, No. B.3.1. It is recommended that all wiring be rated for 600V and 105°C operation (UL1015 type, for example). Also, wire insulation must be stripped to within ±10% of the dimensions shown in Figure 2. All wires must be inserted into their respective terminal blocks such that the screw terminal does not pinch their insulation. No more than two wires should be connected to any single terminal on TB1 through TB4. If two wires are attached to a single terminal, be sure to use only two 20AWG (0.5mm2) wires on TB1, TB2, and TB3, and only two 18 or 20AWG (0.75 or 0.5mm2) wires on TB4. 1. Shock Hazard: DMS-PS-CM Series power supplies feature touchproof terminals blocks and fully-isolated plastic construction, thereby greatly reducing the risk of electrical shock. However, these are mainspowered devices whose operation is derived from hazardous and potentially lethal voltages. All service and installation must be performed by qualified personnel, with the ac supply voltage de-energized. Before making connections to any of the unit’s terminal blocks, use a digital voltmeter to verify that the ac supply is de-energized (off). 2. AC Supply Fuse (F1): All DMS-PS-CM Series power supplies are equipped with a built-in 1A/250V time-lag fuse. Replacement fuses must be of the same type and rating; please refer to the Functional Specifications section of this datasheet for more information. F1 is conservatively rated in order to reduce nuisance tripping which might occur during power-up or output overload conditions. However, F1 is primarily intended to provide protection in the event of catastrophic failure in the DMS-PS-CM’s ac/dc converter. 0.25" (6.4mm) Figure 2. Insulation Strip Length DATEL, Inc., Mansfield, MA 02048 (USA) • Tel: (508)339-3000, (800)233-2765 Fax: (508)339-6356 • E–mail: [email protected] • Internet: www.datel.com 3 DMS-PS-CM Series H I G H E F F I C I E N C Y, A C / D C I N S T R U M E N TAT I O N P OW E R S U P P L I E S full rated current) will adversely affect the operation and stability of auxiliary outputs V2 and V3. On these models, V1 must be adjusted to within ±2 % of its nominal value (+5.0V, +12.0V, or +24.0V, depending on model). The ac-mains circuit supplying power to DMS-PS-CM supplies must be fused according to the current rating of the wire gauge used, in accordance with applicable regulatory codes. The built-in 1ampere line fuse (F1) only protects the module itself from destructive over currents. 9. Temperature Derating (See Figure 3): All DMS-PS-CM supplies are specified to operate at their full rated power over the temp range of 0°C to +50°C in still air (convection cooling) without any thermal derating. For operation over +50°C in still air, derate the output power linearly by 2.5% per °C down to 50% rated power at +70°C. To operate the units at full rated power between +50°C and +70°C, a minimum forced-airflow of 100 LFM is required. For operation below 0°C, derate the output power linearly by 2.0% per °C down to 50% rated power at –25°C. 5. AC Mains Connections (TB4): To ensure EMI-compliant operation, all three ac-supply inputs must be properly connected to TB4. Never operate any DMS-PS-CM power supply without a ground connection to TB4’s ‘FG’ terminal. On 120Vac 50/60Hz mains, connect the black or "hot" lead to ‘AC(L)’, the white or “neutral” lead to ‘AC(N)’, and the supply ground (earth) to ‘FG’ (Frame Ground). On 220V 50/60Hz ac mains with line and neutral conductor-designations, connect the line to AC(L), the neutral to AC(N), and the ground to ‘FG’. Unless forced air with the velocity noted above is employed, DMSPS-CM supplies should never be mounted upside down (terminal blocks facing down). Also, always provide sufficient clearances in order to ensure adequate airflow around the supply. 6. Connector Torque Ratings: It is extremely important to tighten all input and output terminal blocks securely. TB4’s screw terminals must be torqued to 4.4 pound-inches (0.5Nm). TB1, TB2, and TB3 must be torqued to 3.6 pound-inches (0.4Nm). Proper tightening will minimize losses and ensure safe, reliable operation. 7. ‘Power On’ LED: The Power On LED indicates that the unit has ac-power applied and its V1 dc-output is operational. However, the power-on LED’s illumination does not imply nor guarantee that the unit’s dc-outputs are within their specified accuracy. 10. V1 Peak Capabilities: DMS-PS-CM power supplies have a maximum continuous output-current rating that’s specified in the Ordering and Selection Guide. In addition, each model’s V1 output can intermittently supply 120% of its continuous rated current for short periods of time if the duty cycle is less than 10%. Peak current ratings do not apply to the auxiliary outputs V2 or V3. 8. Output Adjustment: The main output, V1, on all 5, 10, and 16W models is adjustable by approximately –10% to +15%. V1’s adjustment potentiometer is accessed via a small hole located next to the Power-On LED. While not recommended, field adjustment of singleoutput models can be performed within the tolerance window noted above. However, keep in mind that the unit’s maximum output power capability must not be exceeded. For example, increasing V1’s output voltage by 10% produces a corresponding 10% reduction in V1’s maximum output current. 11. Isolated Outputs: Unlike the majority of competitive ac/dc power supplies, all dual- and triple-output DMS-PS-CM power supplies feature fully-isolated outputs. This is an important feature when, for reasons of high common mode voltages, an instrument’s input circuit must be isolated from the system ground. All V1 outputs are isolated from the ac mains by a minimum of 3000Vac, while auxiliary outputs V2 and V3 are isolated from one another by 2000Vdc, and fromV1 by 1000Vdc. The low noise, double-isolated auxiliaries are ideal for powering sensitive instrumentation that requires low ac leakage-currents. All ac/dc and dc/dc power components utilized in the construction of DMS-PS-CM power supplies are 100% hi-pot tested during their manufacturing processes. In addition, after final assembly by DATEL, all models are subjected to an additional hi-pot testing consisting of On dual-and triple-output units, V1 is factory calibrated with all outputs simultaneously loaded to 100% of their rated current. On all dual- and triple output models, adjusting V1 under any condition other than those just noted (i.e., all outputs loaded to their 2.0% / ºC 100 2.5% / ºC Output Power (%) 75 50 70ºC 25 0 –25 –10 0 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 Figure 3. Temperature Derating DATEL, Inc., Mansfield, MA 02048 (USA) • Tel: (508)339-3000, (800)233-2765 Fax: (508)339-6356 • E–mail: [email protected] • Internet: www.datel.com 4 H I G H E F F I C I E N C Y, A C / D C I N S T R U M E N TAT I O N P OW E R S U P P L I E S 3. Model Selection & Energy Conservation: In order to achieve the lowest possible energy consumption, be sure to determine your application’s total current requirements. This is especially true when using DMS-PS-CM supplies to power DATEL’s energy-efficient LED and/or LCD display digital panel meters (DPMs) and process monitors. In general, choose a power supply that will accommodate your maximum current consumption plus a 20% margin. Choosing the lowest-wattage model suitable for a given application will provide lower procurement costs and lower long-term operating costs. 1000Vac sequentially applied between the ac mains input and each output, and between each output and all other outputs. Application Information 1. Chassis Mounting Considerations: In order to minimize self-heating, DMS-PS-CM power supplies should always be mounted in either a vertical or horizontal position. Avoid mounting units upside-down or in close proximity to other heat-generating devices. Also, be sure to use the mounting hardware described in Figure 4 below in order to ensure a secure, vibration-resistant installation. When calculating total current requirements in installations employing three or more DMS-Series meters, it is acceptable practice to use each meter’s typical current consumption rating. However, be sure to consult the relevant product datasheets for all instrumentation comprising your application. For applications where DMS-PS-CM power supplies will be powering only DATEL DPM’s, a 5-Watt DMS-PS3-CM can power up to four, standard intensity (‘-RS’ suffix) red-LED DMS-30PC meters: two meters on V1, and one meter each on V2 and V3. The same DMS-PS3-CM could also be used to power over 40 low-power red DMS-30PC meters (‘-RL’ suffix), or over 800 DMS-30LCD non-backlit meters! Of course, these statements are made without regard to ground-loop problems that may be encountered when powering 800 DPM’s from a single power supply. Screw, Split Lock Washer, Flat Washer Panel/Chassis DMS-PS-CM Series Threaded Hole Screw, Flat Washer Panel/Chassis Scope Probe Hole Flat Washer, Split Lock Washer, Nut Oscilloscope Figure 4. Chassis Mounting V1 – 2. Bipolar Operation (See Figure 5): DMS-PS-CM power supplies’ fully isolated outputs allow for the generation of bipolar (positive and negative) supply voltages. Bipolar outputs can be used to power dual-supply operational amplifiers, as well as any other type of instrumentation that requires bipolar supply voltages. However, please keep in mind that when connecting and operating any two outputs in this fashion, each output retains its maximum current rating. + BW = 20MHz DMS-PS-CM Figure 6. Measuring Ripple and Noise DMS-PS6-CM – V1 + +24V – V2 –5V + – V3 + +5V COM Figure 5. Bipolar Connections DATEL, Inc., Mansfield, MA 02048 (USA) • Tel: (508)339-3000, (800)233-2765 Fax: (508)339-6356 • E–mail: [email protected] • Internet: www.datel.com 5 DMS-PS-CM Series H I G H E F F I C I E N C Y, A C / D C I N S T R U M E N TAT I O N P OW E R S U P P L I E S Typical Performance Curves TA = +25°C, VIN = 120V @60Hz Noise and Ripple - 100% Load, 20MHz Bandwidth DMS-PS3-CM V1 (+5V) DMS-PS6-CM V1 (+24V) DMS-PS9-CM V1 (+24V) DMS-PS3-CM V2 (+4.85V) DMS-PS6-CM V2 (+4.85V) DMS-PS9-CM V2 (+4.85V) Transient Response - 10% to 100% Load Step DMS-PS3-CM V1 (+5V) DMS-PS6-CM V1 (+24V) DMS-PS9-CM V1 (+24V) DMS-PS3-CM V2 (+4.85V) DMS-PS6-CM V2 (+4.85V) DMS-PS9-CM V2 (+4.85V) DATEL, Inc., Mansfield, MA 02048 (USA) • Tel: (508)339-3000, (800)233-2765 Fax: (508)339-6356 • E–mail: [email protected] • Internet: www.datel.com 6 H I G H E F F I C I E N C Y, A C / D C I N S T R U M E N TAT I O N P OW E R S U P P L I E S DMS-PS-CM Series Mechanical Specifications MECHANICAL DIMENSIONS: Inches (mm) TOLERANCES: 2 PL DEC ±0.02 (±0.51) 3 PL DEC ±0.010 (±0.254) 5 Watt & 10 Watt Models 16 Watt Models Power On V1 Power Adjust On V1 Adjust Detail See detail 0.188 (4.8) ® DMS-PSX-CM AC(L) TB3 + V3 – TB2 + V2 – TB1 + V1 – ® AC/DC POWER SUPPLY AC(N) FG 2.835 (72.0) ® TB4 1.42 (36.1) ® 4.625 (117.5) 5.125 (130.2) 1.000 (25.4) 4.165 (105.8) 5W models: 0.77 (19.6) 10W models: 0.87 (22.1) 16W models: 0.93 (23.6) 0.125 (3.2) ® ® ISO 9001 Registered DATEL, Inc. 11 Cabot Boulevard, Mansfield, MA 02048-1151 Tel: (508) 339-3000 (800) 233-2765 Fax: (508) 339-6356 Internet: www.datel.com Email: [email protected] DS-0505A 01/02 DATEL (UK) LTD. Tadley, England Tel: (01256)-880444 DATEL S.A.R.L. Montigny Le Bretonneux, France Tel: 01-34-60-01-01 DATEL GmbH München, Germany Tel: 89-544334-0 DATEL KK Tokyo, Japan Tel: 3-3779-1031, Osaka Tel: 6-6354-2025 DATEL makes no representation that the use of its products in the circuits described herein, or the use of other technical information contained herein, will not infringe upon existing or future patent rights. The descriptions contained herein do not imply the granting of licenses to make, use, or sell equipment constructed in accordance therewith. Specifications are subject to change without notice. The DATEL logo is a registered DATEL, Inc. trademark.