19-5876; Rev 6/11 DS1804 Nonvolatile Trimmer Potentiometer FEATURES PIN ASSIGNMENT Single 100-Position Taper Potentiometer Nonvolatile (NV) On-Demand Wiper Storage Operates from 3V or 5V Supplies Up/Down, Increment-Controlled Interface Available in 8-Pin (300 mils) DIP, 8-Pin (150 mils) SO, and 8-Pin (118 mils) µSOP -40°C to +85°C Operating Temperature Range Standard Resistance Values: – DS1804-010: 10kΩ – DS1804-050: 50kΩ – DS1804-100: 100kΩ INC 1 8 VCC U/D 2 7 CS H 3 6 L GND 4 5 W DIP (300 mils) SO (150 mils) μSOP (118 mils) PIN DESCRIPTION H L W VCC CS U/ D INC GND - High-Terminal of Potentiometer Low-Terminal of Potentiometer Wiper of Potentiometer 3V or 5V Power Supply Chip Select Up/Down Control Increment/Decrement Wiper Control Ground DESCRIPTION The DS1804 NV trimmer potentiometer is a nonvolatile digital potentiometer that has 100 positions. The device provides an ideal method for low-cost trimming applications using a CPU or manual control input with minimal external circuitry. Wiper position of the DS1804 can be stored in EEPROM memory on demand. The device’s wiper position is manipulated by a three-terminal port that provides an increment/ decrement counter controlled interface. This port consists of the control inputs CS , INC , and U/ D . The DS1804 is available in three resistor grades, which include a 10kΩ, 50kΩ, and 100kΩ. The device is provided in an industrial temperature grade. Additionally, the DS1804 will operate from 3V or 5V supplies and is ideal for portable application requirements. Three packaging options are available and include the 8-pin (300 mils) DIP, 8-pin (150 mils) SO, and 8-pin (118 mils) μSOP. 1 of 10 DS1804 OPERATION The DS1804 is a single nonvolatile potentiometer. The device has a total of 100 tap-points including the L- and H- terminals. A total of 99 resistive segments exist between the L- and H- terminals. These tappoints are accessible to the W-terminal, whose position is controlled via a three-terminal control port. A block diagram of the DS1804 is shown in Figure 1. The three-terminal port of the DS1804 provides an increment/decrement interface which is activated via a chip-select input. This interface consists of the input signals CS , INC , and U/ D . These input signals control a 7-bit up/down counter. The output of the 7-bit up/down counter controls a 1 of 100 decoder to select wiper position. Additionally, this interface provides for a wiper storage operation using the CS and INC input control pins. The timing diagram for the three-terminal interface control is shown in Figure 2. PIN DESCRIPTIONS VCC - Power Supply. The DS1804 will support supply voltages ranging from +2.7V to +5.5V. GND - Ground. H - High-Terminal Potentiometer. This is the high terminal of the potentiometer. It is not required that this terminal be connected to a potential greater than the L-terminal. Voltage applied to the H-terminal cannot exceed the power-supply voltage, VCC, or go below ground. L - Low-Terminal Potentiometer. This is the low terminal of the potentiometer. It is not required that this terminal be connected to a potential less than the H-terminal. Voltage applied to the L-terminal cannot exceed the power-supply voltage, VCC, or go below ground. W - Wiper of the Potentiometer. This pin is the wiper of the potentiometer. Its position on the resistor array is controlled by the three-terminal control port. Voltage applied to the wiper cannot exceed the power-supply voltage, VCC, or go below ground. CS - Chip Select. The CS input is used to activate the control port of the DS1804. This input is active low. When in a high-state, activity on the INC and U/ D port pins will not affect or change wiper position. INC - Wiper Movement Control. This input provides for wiper position changes when the CS pin is low. Wiper position changes of the W-terminal will occur one position per high-to-low transition of this input signal. Position changes will not occur if the CS pin is in a high state. U/ D - Up/Down Control. This input sets the direction of wiper movement. When in a high state and CS is low, any high-to-low transition on INC will cause a one position movement of the wiper towards the H-terminal. When in a low state and CS is low, any high-to-low transitions on INC will cause the position of the wiper to move towards the L-terminal. 2 of 10 DS1804 DS1804 BLOCK DIAGRAM Figure 1 POWER-UP/POWER-DOWN CONDITIONS On power-up, the DS1804 will load the value of EEPROM memory into the wiper position register (or 1 of 100 decoder). The value of this register can then be set to another wiper position if desired, by using the three-terminal control port. On power-up, wiper position will be loaded within a maximum time period of 500µs once the power-supply is stable. Additionally, the three-terminal interface port will be active after 50ms. On power-down, the wiper position register data will be lost. On the next device power-up, the value of EEPROM memory will be loaded into the wiper position register. On shipment from the factory, Maxim Integrated Products does not guarantee a specified EEPROM memory value. This value should be set by the customer as needed. NONVOLATILE WIPER STORAGE Wiper position of the DS1804 can be stored using the INC and CS inputs. Storage of the wiper position takes place whenever the CS input transitions from low-to-high while the INC is high. Once this condition has occurred the value of the current wiper position will be written to EEPROM memory. The DS1804 is specified to accept 50,000 writes to EEPROM over 0°C to 70ºC before a wear-out condition. After wear-out the DS1804 will still function and wiper position can be changed during powered conditions using the three-terminal control port. However, on power-up the wiper-position will be indeterminate. ONE-TIME PROGRAMMABILITY (OTP) The DS1804 can be easily used as an OTP device. The user of the DS1804 can trim the desired value of the wiper position and set this position for storage as described above. Any activity through the threeterminal port can then be prevented by connecting the CS input pin to VCC. Also, an OTP application does not adversely affect the number of times EEPROM is written, since EEPROM will only be loaded and not written during a power-up or power-down condition. On power-up, the DS1804 will load the current value of EEPROM memory into the wiper position register. 3 of 10 DS1804 ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS Voltage on Any Pin Relative to Ground Operating Temperature Range Storage Temperature Range Lead Temperature (soldering, 10s) Soldering Temperature (reflow) -1.0V to +6.0V -40°C to +85°C -55°C to +125°C +300°C +260°C This is a stress rating only and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions above those indicated in the operation sections of this specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods of time may affect reliability. RECOMMENDED DC OPERATING CONDITIONS (TA = -40°C to +85°C, unless otherwise noted.) PARAMETER SYMBOL MIN TYP MAX UNITS NOTES Supply Voltage VCC +2.7 5.5 V 1 Input Logic 1 VIH 2.0 VCC + 0.3 V 1, 2 Input Logic 0 VIL -0.3 V 1, 15 L, H, W VGND - 0.2 +0.8 +0.6 VCC + 0.2 V 1, 3 UNITS NOTES 400 µA 4 +1 µA 1000 Ω 1 mA 48 µA µA 5 Resistor Inputs DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (VCC = 2.7V to 5.5V, TA = -40°C to +85°C, unless otherwise noted.) PARAMETER SYMBOL MIN TYP MAX Supply Current ICC Input Leakage ILI Wiper Resistance RW Wiper Current IW -1 400 Standby Current: 3V 5V ISTBY 10 20 Wiper Load Time tWLT 500 µs 6 tPU 50 ms 14 Power-Up Time 4 of 10 DS1804 ANALOG RESISTOR CHARACTERISTICS (VCC = 2.7V to 5.5V, TA = -40°C to +85°C, unless otherwise noted.) PARAMETER SYMBOL MIN TYP -20 End-to-End Resistor Tolerance MAX UNITS NOTES +20 % 8 Absolute Linearity ±0.6 LSB 9 Relative Linearity ±0.25 LSB 10 MHz 11 -3dB Cutoff Frequency fCUTOFF Temperature Coefficient 750 ppm/°C CAPACITANCE (VCC = 2.7V to 5.5V, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.) PARAMETER MAX UNITS NOTES CIN 5 pF 12 COUT 7 pF 12 (VCC = 2.7V to 5.5V, TA = -40°C to +85°C, unless otherwise noted.) PARAMETER SYMBOL MIN TYP MAX UNITS NOTES CS to INC Setup tCI 50 ns 13 U/ D to INC Setup tDI 100 ns 13 INC Low Period tIL 50 ns 13 INC High Period tIH 100 ns 13 INC inactive to CS Inactive tIC 500 ns 13 CS Deselect Time tCPH 100 ns 13 Wiper Change to INC Low tIW 200 ns 13 INC Rise and Fall Times tR, tF 500 µs 13 INC Low to CS Inactive tIK ns 16 ms 13, 17 Input Capacitance Output Capacitance SYMBOL MIN TYP AC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS Wiper Storage Time 50 tWST 10 5 of 10 DS1804 NOTES: 1) All voltages are referenced to ground. 2) Valid for VCC = 5V only. 3) Resistor input voltages cannot go below ground or exceed VCC by the amounts as shown in the table. 4) Maximum current specifications are based on the clock rate of INC input. This specification represents the current required when changing the wiper position. 5) Standby current levels apply when all inputs are driven to appropriate supply levels. CS , INC , U/ D = VCC. 6) Wiper load time is specified as the time required for the DS1804 to load the wiper position with the contents of nonvolatile memory once VCC has reached a stable operating voltage equal to or greater than 2.7V. 7) The DS1804 is available in three resistor values. These include the DS1804-010, 10kΩ; the DS1804050, 50kΩ; and the DS1804-100, 100kΩ. 8) Valid at TA = +25°C only. 9) Absolute linearity is used to compare measured wiper voltage versus expected wiper voltage as determined by wiper position. The DS1804 is specified to provide an absolute linearity of ±0.60 LSB. 10) Relative linearity is used to determined the change in voltage between successive tap positions. The DS1804 is specified to provide a relative linearity specification of ±0.25 LSB. 11) -3dB cutoff frequency characteristics for the DS1804 depend on potentiometer total resistance. DS1804-010, 1MHz; DS1804-050, 200kHz; and DS1804-100, 100kHz. 12) Capacitance values apply at TA = +25°C. 13) See Figure 2. 14) Power-up time is specified as the time required before the three-terminal control becomes active after a stable power supply level has been reached. 15) At VCC = 2.7V, VIL = 0.8V. 16) The INC low to CS inactive is specified to be 50ns minimum. This is the transition condition which allows the DS1804 three-terminal port to become inactive without writing the EEPROM memory of the part. 17) Wiper Storage Time, tWST, is the time require for the DS1804 to write EEPROM memory for storage of a new wiper position. The maximum time required to accomplish this task is specified at 10ms. 6 of 10 DS1804 THREE-TERMINAL INTERFACE TIMING DIAGRAM Figure 2 ORDERING INFORMATION PART DS1804-010+ VERSION (kΩ) 10 TEMP RANGE -40°C to +85°C PIN-PACKAGE 8 DIP (300 mils) DS1804-050+ 50 -40°C to +85°C 8 DIP (300 mils) DS1804-100+ 100 -40°C to +85°C 8 DIP (300 mils) DS1804Z-010+ 10 -40°C to +85°C 8 SO (150 mils) DS1804Z-050+ 50 -40°C to +85°C 8 SO (150 mils) DS1804Z-100+ 100 -40°C to +85°C 8 SO (150 mils) DS1804U-010+ 10 -40°C to +85°C 8 µSOP (118 mils) DS1804U-050+ 50 -40°C to +85°C 8 µSOP (118 mils) DS1804U-100+ 100 -40°C to +85°C 8 µSOP (118 mils) +Denotes a lead(Pb)/RoHS-compliant package. 7 of 10 DS1804 BRANDING INFORMATION Figure 3 Top Brand Bottom Brand 8-pin DIP DS1804-nnn yywwrv ###xx cccccc 8-pin SOIC DS1804m yywwrv ###xx 8-pin uSOP 1804 rvnnn cccccc yyww ###xx DS1804 Brand Codes Description Values Code 010 050 100 10k ohm 50k ohm 100k ohm Pot Size (SOIC) X L C 10k ohm 50k ohm 100k ohm yyww Date Code. It identifies the year and work week the device was assembled eg. 0035 is the 35th work week of 2000 rv Die Revision Generally this is a letter followed by a number (eg. B2) ###xx Lot Code cccccc Country of Assembly nnn Pot Size (DIP/uSOP) m 8 of 10 DS1804 PACKAGE INFORMATION For the latest package outline information and land patterns (footprints), go to www.maxim-ic.com/packages. Note that a “+”, “#”, or “-” in the package code indicates RoHS status only. Package drawings may show a different suffix character, but the drawing pertains to the package regardless of RoHS status. PACKAGE TYPE PACKAGE CODE OUTLINE NO. LAND PATTERN NO. 8 DIP P8+2 21-0043 — 8 SO S8+2 21-0041 90-0096 8 µSOP U8+3 21-0036 90-0092 9 of 10 DS1804 REVISION HISTORY REVISION DATE DESCRIPTION 6/11 Removed the flip chip package option Updated the soldering temperature information and added lead temperature information in the Absolute Maximum Ratings section Changed VIH(MAX) from VCC + 0.5V to VCC + 0.3V, changed VIL(MIN) from -0.5V to -0.3V, changed the resistor inputs min from GND - 0.5V to VGND - 0.2V and max from VCC + 0.5V to VCC + 0.2V in the Recommended DC Operating Conditions table Updated the Ordering Information table to include lead-free options Added the Package Information table PAGES CHANGED 1, 7 4 4 7 9 10 of 10 Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. No circuit patent licenses are implied. Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time. Maxim Integrated Products, 120 San Gabriel Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 408-737-7600 © 2011 Maxim Integrated Products Maxim is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.