ETC BT861

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Digital Video Encoder
Bt860/861
High-Performance Multisource Video
for a Wide Range of Systems
Conexant’s Bt860 and Bt861 are multiport digital video encoders
with pixel synchronization and per-pixel blending capabilities.
The three 8-bit YCrCb data ports allow for a variety of video
and graphics overlay configurations useful in video set-top box
applications. The Bt860/861 is designed specifically for video
systems requiring the generation of simultaneous composite,
S-video (Y/C) and either component YUV or RGB (SCART)
video signals.
High-performance video combined with the right set of features
make the Bt860/861 a versatile device for almost any video
system. 10-bit DACs provide the clear, lifelike video required for
modern satellite and cable television set-top boxes, Super VCD
and DVD players, PC add-in cards, video conferencing systems
and digital cameras. Several power conservation modes extend
portable system battery life and help reduce system heating.
New televisions and media which make use of wide screen 16:9
aspect ratios are also supported by the Bt860/861 to provide the
best flexibility, performance and functionality.
Distinguishing Features
• Six 10-bit DACs with individual
power management
• Simultaneous output of RGB, S-video
and CVBS, or YUV, S-video and CVBS
• Current drive output DACs for superior
video quality and reduced system cost
• Four output sharpness filtering options
(0, 1, 2, 3.5 dB gain)
• Programmable adjustment of brightness,
contrast, color saturation and hue
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Digital Video Encoder
Bt860/861
Multisource video is a key feature of the Bt860/861. The
primary video port (P) is designed to accept both digital
video and graphics overlay content from an MPEG video
decoder or OSD ICs. This input stream can be either ITU-R
BT.601 or 656 in format — as is typically generated by
MPEG decoder ICs. The second video port (VID) will
accept an alternate digital video stream from a video
decoder, such as Conexant’s Video Stream family of
devices. The third port (OSD) may be used for dedicated
graphics overlay devices, such as providing a higherquality user interface or superior on-screen titles.
Alternatively, a second MPEG decoded stream could
also be the input to the OSD port for use with multiple
MPEG decoder ICs. A pixel synchronization mechanism
ensures proper timing between the three ports to
Bt860/861 functional block diagram
deliver the highest-video quality.
The block diagram below illustrates an example of
the typically used components. The light gray shaded
how the Bt860/861 may be used in a TV set-top box,
box represents the optional components used for video
DVD player, or PC card. The white boxes represent
capture. The medium grey shaded box represents the
optional graphic processor IC, which may be added for
enhanced OSD or superior user interface.
Worldwide Standards Supported
Worldwide video standards are supported, including
NTSC-M (North America, Taiwan, Japan), PAL-B,D,G,H,I
(Europe, Asia), PAL-M (Brazil), PAL-N (Uruguay,
Paraguay), PAL-Nc (Argentina), PAL-60, and SECAM.
The Bt860 and Bt861 are pin and functionally
identical, except the Bt861 also contains Macrovision
7.X copy protection circuitry used in DVD players
and TV set-top boxes. This permits all types of video
systems to use the Bt860/861 and achieve truly high-
Typical system functional block diagram
performance video.
What is a Video Encoder?
A video encoder is an electronic integrated circuit (chip)
which delivers the signal to your television from a DVD or
video CD player, LaserDisc player, cable or satellite TV settop box, digital camera, video conferencing system, Internet
browser or personal computer (PC). It is the chip which
makes everyone’s favorite shows look bright, crisp, colorful
Multiple Video Outputs
for Televisions of All Varieties
and clear. With today’s new digital video systems, TV
The Bt860/861 provides analog luminance (Y) and chrominance (C)
pictures can look their best when showing movies and
information in the Y and C outputs for interfacing with equipment
having S-Video inputs. Component video outputs for Y, and the
sports from DVD and TV set-top boxes.
color component signals (U and V) are available for use with the
Video encoder chips today have the functions of four separate
latest DVD players and high-performance televisions. Analog
chips integrated into one single chip. These chips take the
RGB video is also available to permit support of the European
SCART/PeriTV interface. Composite analog video is output
digital video information which is stored on DVD discs or
simultaneously to interface with all types of televisions, and VCRs.
digital camera memory cards, or transmitted to a satellite
One composite analog output has a programmable luma delay
to permit the synchronization of both luminance and chrominance
dish TV receiver or cable tuner box, and convert it into the
when video is transmitted via an RF modulator. A video multiplexer
“old-fashioned” type of signal a TV requires. The video
on the output permits tremendous flexibility of output signal
configurations. A two-wire teletext (WST-B) interface is also
encoder converts digital bits into analog electrical signals,
included in the Bt860/861. The table below illustrates the various
which instruct the TV what colors should be shown on the
output configurations of the Bt860/861 DACs.
screen and how bright or dark they should be. Better quality
OUTMODE[2:0]
000
001
010
011
100
101
110
111
DAC A
DAC B DAC
Y
C
Y
C
Y
C
Y
C
CVBS
CVBS_DLY
CVBS
CVBS_DLY
CVBS
CVBS_DLY
Y
C
C DAC
CVBS
CVBS
CVBS
Y
CVBS
CVBS
CVBS
CVBS
D
DAC E
Y
R
CVBS_DLY
Y
Y
R
CVBS_DLY
CVBS_DLY
DAC F
V
G
CVBS
C
V
G
CVBS
C
U
B
CVBS
C
U
B
CVBS
Y
*Note: CVBS_DLY is the composite video signal with the luminance component delayed
video encoder chips produce better quality video and make
the images seem more lifelike and exciting.
Video encoder technology has improved rapidly in recent
years, allowing people to connect a variety of different
video devices to their TVs and create the home entertainment
I2C Interface
systems of their dreams. These relatively inexpensive
Bt860/861 registers are accessed via a two-wire Inter Integrated
devices are one of the most critical components of modern
Circuit
(I2C)
interface. Serial clock and data lines, SCL and SDA,
are used to transfer data at a rate of 100 Kbps. These lines are
used to access and program the internal registers of the device,
video systems, and they have found widespread usage in
business, home office, medical, security, professional video
including the Macrovision registers of the Bt861. Deactivation of
I2C communication is possible by asserting sleep or reset modes.
studios, and all types of consumer video applications.
features
and
specifications
Implementation
The Bt860/861 is packaged in an 80-pin Plastic Quad Flat Pack (PQFP) with a
16.95 x 17.45 mm body size. It requires only a minimum of discrete passive
support components. It is ideal for low-cost, high-performance video
systems and consumer electronics.
World Headquarters
Product Features
• Six 10-bit DACs with individual
power management
• Simultaneous output of RGB, S-video,
and CVBS, or YUV, S-video, and CVBS
• Current drive output DACs for superior
video quality and reduced system cost
• Dynamic video load sense circuitry
for reduced power operation
• Four output sharpness filtering options
(0, 1, 2, 3.5 dB gain)
• Programmable adjustment of brightness,
contrast, color saturation, and hue
• Glueless interface with a video decoder
output supports locking to a digital
video input stream
• Three 8-bit 4:2:2 YCrCb inputs
for simultaneous digital video
and graphics overlays
• Teletext encoding (WST system B)
• Closed Caption and Extended Data
Services encoding
• On-board voltage reference for greater
accuracy and stability
• Reduced power modes
• 400 KHz serial programming interface
• Internal color bar generation for simplified
systems testing
• Macrovision 7.x copy protection circuitry
(Bt861 only)
• Housed in a compact 80-pin MQFP package
Applications
• Digital satellite television receivers
(DBS/DVB/DSS)
• DVD players
• ITU-R BT.656-4, ITU-R BT.601-5 and square
pixel digital video input options
• Internet appliances
• 2X oversampling and internal filtering
for reduced cost
• Video game appliances
• Multiple aspect ratio output support
(VARIS II, WSS 4:3, 14:9, 16:9)
• Programmable luma delay (two-channels)
• Master or slave video timing with
programmable HSYNC delay
• Interlaced/noninterlaced operation
Conexant Systems, Inc.
4311 Jamboree Road
Newport Beach, CA
92660-3007
Phone: (949) 483-4600
Fax 1: (949) 483-4078
Fax 2: (949) 483-4391
Americas
U.S. Northwest/Pacific Northwest
– Santa Clara
Phone: (408) 249 -9696
Fax: (408) 249 -7113
U.S. Southwest – Los Angeles
Phone: (805) 376 -0559
Fax: (805) 376 - 8180
• Digital and analog cable television receivers
• Worldwide NTSC, PAL, PAL-60 and SECAM
video standard outputs
• 3.3V single supply voltage with 5V
tolerant inputs
Further Information
literature@conexant.com
(800) 854-8099 (North America)
(949) 483-6996 (International)
Order # 100541B
00-0415
Digital Infotainment
Printed in USA
• DVD PC add-in cards with TV output
• PC video editing cards
• Video conferencing systems
Related Products
• Bt835
• Bt852
• Bt856/857
• Bt864A/865A
• Bt866/867
U.S. Southwest – Orange County
Phone: (949) 483-9119
Fax: (949) 483-9090
U.S. Southwest – San Diego
Phone: (858) 713-3374
Fax: (858) 713-4001
U.S. North Central – Illinois
Phone: (630) 773-3454
Fax: (630) 773 -3907
U.S. South Central – Texas
Phone: (972) 733-0723
Fax: (972) 407- 0639
• Bt868/869
Conexant and the Conexant symbol are trademarks of Conexant Systems, Inc.
U.S. Northeast – Massachusetts
Phone: (978) 367-3200
Fax: (978) 256 - 6868
U.S. Southeast – North Carolina
Phone: (919) 858 -9110
Fax: (919) 858 - 8669
U.S. Southeast – Florida/
South America
Phone: (727) 799 - 8406
Fax: (727) 799 - 8306
U.S. Mid-Atlantic – Pennsylvania
Phone: (215) 244- 6784
Fax: (215) 244- 9292
Canada – Ontario
Phone: (613) 271-2358
Fax: (613) 271-2359
Europe
Europe Central – Germany
Phone: +49 89 829 -1320
Fax: +49 89 834-2734
Europe North – England
Phone: +44 1344 486444
Fax: +44 1344 486555
Europe – Israel/Greece
Phone: +972 9 9524000
Fax: +972 9 9573732
Europe South – France
Phone: +33 1 41 44 36 51
Fax: +33 1 41 44 36 90
Europe Mediterranean – Italy
Phone: +39 02 93179911
Fax: +39 02 93179913
Europe – Sweden
Phone: +46 (0) 8 5091 4319
Fax: +46 (0) 8 590 041 10
Europe – Finland
Phone: +358 (0) 9 85 666 435
Fax: +358 (0) 9 85 666 220
Asia – Pacific
Taiwan
Phone: (886 -2) 2-720-0282
Fax: (886 -2) 2-757- 6760
Australia
Phone: (61-2) 9869 4088
Fax: (61-2) 9869 4077
China – Central
Phone: 86 -21- 6361-2515
Fax: 86 -21- 6361-2516
China – South
Phone: (852) 2 827- 0181
Fax: (852) 2 827- 6488
China – South (Satellite)
Phone: (86) 755 -5182495
China – North
Phone: (86 -10) 8529 - 9777
Fax: (86 -10) 8529 - 9778
India
Phone: (91-11) 692-4789
Fax: (91-11) 692 -4712
Korea
Phone: (82-2) 565-2880
Fax: (82-2) 565-1440
Korea (Satellite)
Phone: (82-53) 745-2880
Fax: (82-53) 745-1440
Singapore
Phone: (65) 737 7355
Fax: (65) 737 9077
Japan
Phone: (81-3) 5371 1520
Fax: (81-3) 5371 1501
www.conexant.com