A1172 Datasheet

A1172
Micropower Ultra-Sensitive Hall-Effect Switch
Last Time Buy
This part is in production but has been determined to be
LAST TIME BUY. This classification indicates that the product is
obsolete and notice has been given. Sale of this device is currently
restricted to existing customer applications. The device should not be
purchased for new design applications because of obsolescence in the
near future. Samples are no longer available.
Date of status change: December 3, 2013
Deadline for receipt of LAST TIME BUY orders: May 30, 2014
Recommended Substitutions:
For existing customer transition, and for new customers or new applications, contact Allegro Sales.
NOTE: For detailed information on purchasing options, contact your
local Allegro field applications engineer or sales representative.
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC reserves the right to make, from time to time, revisions to the anticipated product life cycle plan
for a product to accommodate changes in production capabilities, alternative product availabilities, or market demand. The
information included herein is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, Allegro MicroSystems, LLC assumes no responsibility for its use; nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use.
A1172
Micropower Ultra-Sensitive Hall-Effect Switch
Features and Benefits
Description
▪ Micropower operation
▪ Operation with either north or south pole—
no magnetic orientation required during assembly
▪ 1.65 to 3.5 V battery operation
▪ Chopper stabilization
▫ Superior temperature stability
▫ Extremely low switchpoint drift
▫ Insensitive to physical stress
▪ Solid state reliability
▪ Small size: WLCSP (≈ 1 mm × 1 mm × 0.5 mm)
▪ Complementary, push-pull outputs eliminate need for
pull-up resistor
Package: 4 pin WLCSP (suffix CG)
The A1172 is an ultra-sensitive, pole-independent Hall-effect
switch with a latched digital output. It features operation at
low supply currents and voltages, making it ideal for batteryoperated electronics. The 1.65 to 3.5 V operating supply
voltage and unique clocking algorithm reduce the average
operating power requirements to less than 15 μW with a
2.75 V supply.
The A1172 has two push-pull output structures. Omnipolar
activation for the output function is available on each output
structure. As such, either a north or south pole of sufficient
strength turns the available outputs off or on. The A1172
contains two complementary outputs. Therefore, for a fixed
magnetic field, one output will be in a high voltage state and
one output will be in a low voltage state.
Improved stability is made possible through dynamic offset
cancellation using chopper stabilization, which reduces the
residual offset voltage normally caused by device overmolding,
temperature dependencies, and thermal stress. This device
Continued on the next page…
Not to scale
Engineering samples available on a limited basis. Contact your local
sales or applications support office for additional information.
Functional Block Diagram
VDD
Clock / Logic
Amp
Sample and Hold
Dynamic Offset
Cancellation
VOUTPS
Latch
Low-Pass
Filter
GND
1172-DS, Rev. 5
VOUTPN
Latch
A1172
Micropower Ultra-Sensitive Hall-Effect Switch
Description (continued)
includes, on a single silicon chip, a Hall-voltage generator, a smallsignal amplifier, chopper stabilization, a latch, and a MOSFET
output.
The A1172 device offers magnetically optimized solutions, suitable
for most applications. The wafer level chip scale package (WLCSP)
is approximately only 1 mm by 1 mm by 0.5 mm. This package is
smaller than most plastic packages and reduces the printed circuit
board area consumed by micropower Hall-effect switches.
Selection Guide
Part Number
Package1
4 bumped wafer-level chip-scale
A1172ECGLT2
package (WLCSP)
1Contact Allegro™ for additional packing options.
2Allegro
Pb-free
Packing*
Pb-free chip with high-temperature solder
balls (RoHS compliant)
4000 pieces per reel
products sold in WLCSP package types are not intended for automotive applications.
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Characteristic
Supply Voltage
Symbol
Rating
Units
VDD
Notes
5
V
V
Reverse Supply Voltage
VRDD
–0.3
Output Off Voltage
VOUTx
5
V
Reverse Output Voltage
VROUTx
–0.3
V
IOUTx(Sink)
–1
mA
IOUTx(Source)
1
mA
Output Current
Magnetic Flux Density
B
Operating Ambient Temperature
TA
Maximum Junction Temperature
Storage Temperature
Unlimited
G
–40 to 85
ºC
TJ(max)
165
ºC
Tstg
–65 to 170
ºC
Range E
Terminal List Table
Pin-out Diagram
A1
A2
B1
B2
(Bump-down view)
Name
Number
VOUTPS
A1
Push-pull output
Function
VOUTPN
A2
Inverted push-pull output
GND
B1
Ground
VDD
B2
Connects power supply to chip
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A1172
Micropower Ultra-Sensitive Hall-Effect Switch
OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS
Characteristic
Symbol
Test Conditions
Min.
Typ.1
Max.
Units
Electrical Characteristics valid over full operating voltage range and TA = 25°C
Supply Voltage Range2
Output On Voltage
Period
Chopping Frequency
Supply Slew Rate3
Supply Current
VDD
Operating, TA= 25°C
VOUT(SAT)
NMOS on, IOUT = 1 mA, VDD = 2.75 V
VOUT(HIGH)
PMOS on, IOUT = 1 mA, VDD = 2.75 V
1.65
–
3.5
V
–
100
300
mV
–
mV
VDD–300 VDD–100
tPERIOD
–
50
100
ms
fC
–
200
–
kHz
20
–
–
V/ms
IDD(EN)
SR
Chip awake (enabled)
–
–
2.0
mA
IDD(DIS)
Chip asleep (disabled)
–
–
8.0
μA
VDD = 1.80 V
–
4
8
μA
VDD = 3.5 V
–
6
12
μA
IDD(AV)
Magnetic Characteristics4 at TA = 25°C and 1.8 V ≤ VDD ≤ 3.5 V
Operate Point
Release Point
Hysteresis
BOPS
–
32
55
G
BOPN
–55
–32
–
G
BRPS
6
26
–
G
BRPN
–
–26
–6
G
–
6
–
G
BHYS
BHYS = BOPX – BRPX
1Typical
values at VDD = 2.75 V. Performance may vary for individual units, within the specified maximum and minimum limits.
operate and release points vary with supply voltage.
3If SR < SR(min), then valid device output might be delayed for one Period, t
PERIOD , of device.
41 gauss (G) is exactly equal to 0.1 millitesla (mT).
2Magnetic
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A1172
Micropower Ultra-Sensitive Hall-Effect Switch
THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS may require derating at maximum conditions*
Characteristic
Symbol
Test Conditions
RθJA
Package Thermal Resistance
Value Units
On 1-layer PCB
347
ºC/W
On 4-layer PCB
147
ºC/W
*Additional thermal information is available on the Allegro website.
Power Dissipation versus Ambient Temperature
1600
Power Dissipation, PD (mW)
1400
1200
1000
R
QJ
A
800
=1
42
ºC
/W
600
RQ
400
JA
= 34
7 ºC
/W
200
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Temperature (°C)
140
160
180
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
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A1172
Micropower Ultra-Sensitive Hall-Effect Switch
Operating Characteristics
Saturation Voltage versus Temperature
300
VDD = 1.65V
VDD = 2.75V
VDD = 3.5V
VOUT(SAT) (mV)
250
200
150
100
50
0
-60
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
80
100
TA (°C)
Saturation Voltage versus Supply Voltage
300
85°C
-40°C
25°C
VOUT(SAT) (mV)
250
200
150
100
50
0
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
VCC (V)
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
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A1172
Micropower Ultra-Sensitive Hall-Effect Switch
Average Supply Current versus Temperature
12
VDD = 1.65V
VDD = 2.75V
VDD = 3.5V
IDD(AV) (uA)
10
8
6
4
2
0
-60
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
80
100
TA (°C)
Average Supply Current versus Supply Voltage
12
85°C
-40°C
25°C
10
IDD(AV) (μA)
8
6
4
2
0
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
VCC (V)
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
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A1172
Micropower Ultra-Sensitive Hall-Effect Switch
Period versus Temperature
100
VDD = 1.65V
VDD = 2.75V
VDD = 3.5V
90
80
tperiod (ms)
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
-60
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
80
100
TA (°C)
Period versus Supply Voltage
100
85°C
-40°C
25°C
90
80
tperiod (ms)
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
VCC (V)
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
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A1172
Micropower Ultra-Sensitive Hall-Effect Switch
Functional Description
Low Average Power
Internal timing circuitry activates the IC for 50 μs and deactivates it for the remainder of the period (50 ms). A short awake
time allows stabilization prior to the sampling and data-latching
on the falling edge of the timing pulse. The output during the
sleep state is latched in the last sampled state. The supply current
is not affected by the output state.
VOUTPN operates with the opposite output polarity. That is, the
output is low (on) in the absence of a magnetic field. The output
goes high (turns off) when sufficient field, of either north or
south polarity, is presented to the device.
tPeriod
Awake
I DD(EN)
BOPS (or is less than BOPN). After turn-on, the output voltage
is VOUT(SAT). The output transistor is capable of sinking current up to the short circuit current limit, IOM, which is a minimum of 1 mA. When the magnetic field is reduced below the
release point, BRPS (or increased above BRPN), the device output
switches high (turns off). The pull-up transistor brings the output
voltage to VOUT(HIGH).
Sleep
The difference in the magnetic operate and release points is the
hysteresis, BHYS , of the device. This built-in hysteresis allows
clean switching of the output even in the presence of external
mechanical vibration and electrical noise.
Sample and Output Latched
The push-pull outputs are capable of sourcing or sinking a maximum of 1 mA.
Operation
The VOUTPS output switches low (turns on) when a magnetic
field perpendicular to the Hall element exceeds the operate point,
Powering-on the device in a hysteresis region, between BOPX
and BRPX, allows an indeterminate output state. The correct state
is attained after the first excursion beyond BOPX or BRPX.
(A) VOUTPS
(B) VOUTPN
Switch to High
VOUT(HIGH)
VOUT
Switch to Low
VOUT
V+
Switch to Low
Switch to Low
Switch to Low
Switch to High
VOUT(HIGH)
Switch to High
V+
Switch to High
I DD(DIS)
0
VOUT(SAT)
0
BRPS
BRPN
BHYS
0
BOPS
BOPN
B–
B+
VOUT(SAT)
0
B+
0
B–
BHYS
BHYS
BHYS
Figure 1. Switching Behavior of Omnipolar Switches. On the horizontal axis, the B+ direction indicates increasing
south polarity magnetic field strength, and the B– direction indicates decreasing south polarity field strength
(including the case of increasing north polarity).
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115 Northeast Cutoff
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A1172
Micropower Ultra-Sensitive Hall-Effect Switch
Applications
It is strongly recommended that an external bypass capacitor be
connected (in close proximity to the Hall element) between the
supply and ground of the device to reduce both external noise
and noise generated by the chopper stabilization technique. As is
shown in figure 2, a 0.1μF capacitor is typical.
• Hall-Effect IC Applications Guide, AN27701
Extensive applications information on magnets and Hall-effect
devices is available in the following notes:
All are provided in Allegro Electronic Data Book, AMS-702,
and on the Allegro Web site, www.allegromicro.com.
• Hall-Effect Devices: Gluing, Potting, Encapsulating, Lead
Welding and Lead Forming AN27703.1
• Soldering Methods for Allegro Products (SMD and ThroughHole), AN26009
VS
CBYP
0.1 μF
VOUTPS
Outputs
VOUTPN
A1172
GND
VDD
Figure 2. Typical Application Circuit
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
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A1172
Micropower Ultra-Sensitive Hall-Effect Switch
Package CG, 4-Bump WLCSP
0.955 ±0.020
1
2
1
X….160
A
A
2
A
0.955 ±0.020
0.500
B
B
0.500
C
0.506
4X
+0.049
–0.051
C
PCB Layout Reference View
A1
0.05 C
…0.200 ±0.030
SEATING
PLANE
NN
YWW
0.227
0.228
D
B
Standard Branding Reference View
N = Last two digits of device part number
Y = Last digit of year of manufacture
W = Week of manufacture
0.500
A
B
1
2
0.500
For Reference Only, not for tooling use
Dimensions in millimeters
Exact configuration at supplier discretion within limits shown
A Terminal #A1 mark area (substrate side)
B Hall element (not to scale)
C
Reference view of typical layout for solder pads
All pads a minimum of 0.20 mm from all adjacent pads;
adjust as necessary to meet application process
requirements and PCB layout tolerances
D Branding scale and appearance at supplier discretion
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
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A1172
Micropower Ultra-Sensitive Hall-Effect Switch
Revision History
Revision
Revision Date
Rev. 5
October 26, 2011
Description of Revision
Update Selection Guide
Copyright ©2008-2013, Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC reserves the right to make, from time to time, such departures from the detail specifications as may be required to
permit improvements in the performance, reliability, or manufacturability of its products. Before placing an order, the user is cautioned to verify that
the information being relied upon is current.
Allegro’s products are not to be used in life support devices or systems, if a failure of an Allegro product can reasonably be expected to cause the
failure of that life support device or system, or to affect the safety or effectiveness of that device or system.
The information included herein is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, Allegro MicroSystems, LLC assumes no responsibility for its
use; nor for any infringement of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use.
For the latest version of this document, visit our website:
www.allegromicro.com
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115 Northeast Cutoff
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1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
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