A1304 Datasheet

A1304
Linear Hall-Effect Sensor IC with Analog Output,
Available in a Miniature, Low Profile Surface Mount Package
FEATURES AND BENEFITS
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•
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•
•
•
•
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3.3 V supply operation
Allegro factory programmed offset and sensitivity
Miniature package
High bandwidth, low noise analog output
High speed chopping scheme minimizes QVO drift across
operating temperature range
Temperature-stable quiescent voltage output and
sensitivity
Precise recoverability after temperature cycling
Wide ambient temperature range: –40°C to 85°C
Immune to mechanical stress
Package: 3-Pin Surface Mount SOT23-W
(suffix LH)
DESCRIPTION
New applications for linear output Hall effect sensors require
medium accuracy and smaller package size. The Allegro A1304
linear Hall effect sensor IC has been designed specifically to
achieve both goals. This temperature-stable device is available
in a miniature surface mount package (SOT23-W).
This ratiometric Hall effect sensor provides a voltage output
that is proportional to the applied magnetic field and features
a quiescent voltage output of 50% of the supply voltage.
Each BiCMOS monolithic circuit integrates a Hall element,
offset and sensitivity trim circuitry to correct for the variation
in the Hall element, a small-signal high-gain amplifier, and a
proprietary dynamic offset cancellation technique.
The A1304 sensor IC is available in a 3-pin surface mount
SOT-23W style package (LH suffix). The package is lead (Pb)
free, with 100% matte tin leadframe plating.
Approximate footprint
V+
CBYPASS
Tuned Filter
Dynamic Offset
Cancellation
VCC
Sensitivity
Offset
Trim Control
GND
Functional Block Diagram
A1304-DS, Rev. 1
VOUT
A1304
Selection Guide
Linear Hall-Effect Sensor IC with Analog Output,
Available in a Miniature, Low Profile Surface Mount Package
Packing*
Package
A1304ELHLX-T
Sensitivity
(typ)(mV/G)
4.0
10,000 pieces per reel
3-pin SOT-23W surface mount
A1304ELHLX-05-T
0.5
10,000 pieces per reel
3-pin SOT-23W surface mount
Part Number
*Contact Allegro™ for additional packing options
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
2
Linear Hall-Effect Sensor IC with Analog Output,
Available in a Miniature, Low Profile Surface Mount Package
A1304
SPECIFICATIONS
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Characteristic
Symbol
Notes
Rating
Unit
Forward Supply Voltage
VCC
5.5
V
Reverse Supply Voltage
VRCC
–0.1
V
Forward Output Voltage
VOUT
7
V
Reverse Output Voltage
VROUT
Output Source Current
IOUT(SOURCE)
VOUT to GND
IOUT(SINK)
VCC to VOUT
Output Sink Current
–0.1
V
1
mA
5
mA
–40 to 85
ºC
Operating Ambient Temperature
TA
Maximum Junction Temperature
TJ(max)
165
ºC
Tstg
–65 to 170
ºC
Value
Units
228
ºC/W
110
ºC/W
Storage Temperature
Range E
Thermal Characteristics may require derating at maximum conditions, see application information
Characteristic
Symbol
Test Conditions*
Package LH, 1-layer PCB with copper limited to solder pads
Package Thermal Resistance
RθJA
Package LH, 2-layer PCB with 0.463
connected by thermal vias
in.2
of copper area each side
*Additional thermal information available on the Allegro website
Pin-out Drawing and Terminal List
3
1
2
LH Package, 3-Pin SOT23-W Pin-out Diagram
Terminal List Table
Name
Number
Description
VCC
1
Input power supply; tie to GND with bypass capacitor
VOUT
2
Output signal
GND
3
Ground
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
3
A1304
Linear Hall-Effect Sensor IC with Analog Output,
Available in a Miniature, Low Profile Surface Mount Package
OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS: valid across TA, CBYPASS = 0.1 µF, VCC = 3.3 V unless otherwise noted
Characteristic
Symbol
Test Conditions
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit1
Electrical Characteristics
Supply Voltage
VCC
Supply Current
ICC
No load on VOUT
Power-On Time2,3
tPO
TA = 25°C, CL = 10 nF
VCC Ramp Time2,3
tVCC
TA = 25°C
VCCOFF
TA = 25°C
Small signal –3 dB
VCC Off Level2,3
Internal Bandwidth3
BWi
3
–
3.6
V
–
7.7
9
mA
–
50
70
µs
0.005
–
100
ms
0
–
0.33
V
–
20
–
kHz
–
13
–
–
13
–
–
2.3
–
–
4.6
–
Output Characteristics
Output Referred Noise3
VN
Input Referred RMS Noise Density3
VNRMS
DC Output Resistance3
ROUT
A1304ELHLX-T
A1304ELHLX-05-T
A1304ELHLX-T
A1304ELHLX-05-T
TA = 25ºC; CBYPASS =
open; no load on VOUT
TA = 25ºC; CBYPASS =
open; no load on VOUT;
f << BWi
mV(p–p)
mG / √Hz
–
< 1
–
Ω
Output Load Resistance3
RL
VOUT to GND
4.7
–
–
kΩ
Output Load Capacitance3
CL
VOUT to GND
–
–
10
nF
Saturation Voltage3
VSAT(HIGH)
TA = 25°C, RL = 10 kΩ, (VOUT to GND)
2.87
–
–
V
VSAT(LOW)
TA = 25°C, RL = 10 kΩ, (VOUT to GND)
–
–
0.38
V
3.76
4.0
4.24
0.2
0.5
0.8
Magnetic Characteristics
Sensitivity4
Sens
A1304ELHLX-T
A1304ELHLX-05-T
TA = 25ºC
mV/G
Sensitivity Temperature Coefficient3
TCSens
TA = 85°C, relative to Sens at 25°C
0.04
0.12
0.2
Quiescent Voltage Output (QVO)
VOUT(Q)
TA = 25°C, B = 0 G
1.625
1.65
1.675
V
–
±40
–
mV
Delta QVO
∆VOUT(Q)
A1304ELHLX-T
TA = 85ºC, relative to
QVO at 25ºC
–
±40
–
mV
RatVOUT(Q)
Across specified supply voltage range (relative
to VCC = 3.3 V)
–
±1.5
–
%
Ratiometry Sensitivity Error
RatSens
Across specified supply voltage range (relative
to VCC = 3.3 V)
–
±1.5
–
%
Linearity Sensitivity Error
LinERR
Ratiometry Quiescent Voltage Output
Error
Sensitivity Drift Due to
Package Hysteresis
Magnetic Field Range
A1304ELHLX-05-T
% / °C
A1304ELHLX-T
Typ. Sensitivity, ±300 G
–
±1.5
–
A1304ELHLX-05-T
Typ. Sensitivity, ±2250 G
–
±1.5
–
–
±2
–
–
±375
–
–
±3000
–
∆SensPKG TA = 25°C, after temperature cycling
B
A1304ELHLX-T
A1304ELHLX-05-T
Range of Input Field
%
%
G
11
gauss (G) is exactly equal to 0.1 millitesla (mT).
Characteristic Definitions section.
3Based on design simulations and/or characterization data. Not tested at Allegro end-of-line.
4Sensitivity drift through the life of the part, ΔSens
LIFE , can have a typical error value ±3% in addition to package hysteresis effects.
2See
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
4
Linear Hall-Effect Sensor IC with Analog Output,
Available in a Miniature, Low Profile Surface Mount Package
A1304
CHARACTERISTIC DEFINITIONS
Power On Time When the supply is ramped to its operating
voltage, the device output requires a finite time to react to an
input magnetic field. Power On Time, tPO , is defined as the time
it takes for the output voltage to begin responding to an applied
magnetic field after the power supply has reached its minimum
specified operating voltage, VCC(min), as shown in Figure 1.
Sens =
VOUT(B+) – VOUT(B–)
(2)
(B+) – (B–)
where B+ is the magnetic flux density in a positive field (south
polarity) and B– is the magnetic flux density in a negative field
(north polarity).
Quiescent Voltage Output In the quiescent state (no significant magnetic field: B = 0 G), the output, VOUT(Q), is at a constant ratio to the supply voltage, VCC, across the entire operating
ranges of VCC and Operating Ambient Temperature, TA.
Sensitivity Temperature Coefficient The device sensitivity
changes as temperature changes, with respect to its Sensitivity
Temperature Coefficient, TCSENS. TCSENS is defined as:
Quiescent Voltage Output Drift Across Temperature
Range Due to internal component tolerances and thermal
considerations, the Quiescent Voltage Output, VOUT(Q), may
drift due to temperature changes within the Operating Ambient
Temperature, TA. For purposes of specification, the Quiescent
Voltage Output Drift Across Temperature Range, ∆VOUT(Q) (mV),
is defined as:
where T1 is the baseline Sens programming temperature of 25°C,
and T2 is the sensitivity at another temperature.
∆VOUT(Q) = VOUT(Q)(TA) –VOUT(Q)(25°C)
V
SensIDEAL(TA) = SensT1 × [100 (%) + TCSENS (TA –T1)] (4)
Linearity Sensitivity Error The A1304 is designed to provide
linear output in response to a ramping applied magnetic field.
Consider two magnetic fields, B1 and B2. Ideally, the sensitivity
of a device is the same for both fields, for a given supply voltage
and temperature. Linearity error is present when there is a difference between the sensitivities measured at B1 and B2.
Linearity Sensitivity Error, LINERR , is calculated separately for
positive (LinERR+) and negative (LinERR– ) applied magnetic
fields. LINERR (%) is measured and defined as:
VCC
VOUT
90% VOUT
VCC(min)
t1
t2
tPO
t1= time at which power supply reaches
minimum specified operating voltage
t2= time at which output voltage settles
within ±10% of its steady state value
under an applied magnetic field
0
(%/°C) (3)
The ideal value of Sens across the full ambient temperature
range, SensIDEAL(TA), is defined as:
(1)
Sensitivity The amount of the output voltage change is proportional to the magnitude and polarity of the magnetic field applied.
This proportionality is specified as the magnetic sensitivity,
Sens (mV/G), of the device and is defined as:
VCC(typ)
 1 
SensT2 – SensT1

TCSens = 
100  
×
SensT1
 T2–T1

 Sens(B+)(2) 
 × 100
LinERR+ = 1–
 Sens(B+)(1) 
(%)
 Sens(B–)(2)
 × 100
LinERR– = 1–
 Sens(B–)(1)
(%)
(5)
where:
SensBx =
|VOUT(Bx) – VOUT(Q)|
Bx
(6)
+t
Figure 1: Def inition of Power On Time, tPO
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
5
Linear Hall-Effect Sensor IC with Analog Output,
Available in a Miniature, Low Profile Surface Mount Package
A1304
and Bx are positive and negative magnetic fields, with respect to
the quiescent voltage output, such that
|B(+)(2)| > |B(+)(1)| and |B(–)(2)| > |B(–)(1)|
The effective linearity error is:
LinERR = max(|LinERR+| , |LinERR– |)
(7)
The saturation of the output at VSAT(HIGH) and VSAT(LOW) will
limit the operating magnetic range of the applied field in which
the device provides a linear output. The maximum positive and
negative applied magnetic fields in the operating range can be
calculated:
BMAX(+)  =
BMAX(–)  =
or decreases by a certain percentage, each characteristic also
increases or decreases by the same percentage. Error is the difference between the measured change in the supply voltage relative
to 3.3 V, and the measured change in each characteristic.
The ratiometric error in quiescent voltage output, RatVOUT(Q) (%),
for a given supply voltage, VCC, is defined as:
 VOUT(Q)(VCC) / VOUT(Q)(3.3V) 
 × 100
RatVOUT(Q) = 1–
VCC / 3.3 (V)


VOUT(Q) – VSAT(LOW)
(8)
Sens
Ratiometry Error The A1304 provides ratiometric output.
This means that the Quiescent Voltage Output, VOUT(Q) , and the
magnetic sensitivity, Sens, are proportional to the supply voltage, VCC. In other words, when the supply voltage increases
(9)
The ratiometric error in magnetic sensitivity, RatSens (%), for a
given supply voltage, VCC, is defined as:
 Sens(VCC) / Sens(3.3V)
 × 100 (%)
RatSens = 1–
VCC / 3.3 (V) 

VSAT(HIGH) – VOUT(Q)
Sens
(%)
(10)
VCC Ramp Time The time taken for VCC to ramp from 0 V to
VCC(typ), 3.3 V (see figure 3).
VCC Off Level For applications in which the VCC pin of the
A1304 is being power-cycled (for example using a multiplexer
to toggle the part on and off), the specification of VCC Off Level,
VCCOFF , determines how high a VCC off voltage can be tolerated
while still ensuring proper operation and startup of the device
(see Figure 3).
Output Voltage, VOUT (V)
VSAT(High)
Supply Voltage, VCC (V)
VCC(typ)
VOUT(Q)
VSAT(Low)
–B
0
+B
tVCC
VCCOFF
0
time
Appied Magnetic Field Intensity, B (G)
Figure 2: Effect of Saturation
Figure 3: Def inition of VCC Ramp Time, tVCC
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
6
Linear Hall-Effect Sensor IC with Analog Output,
Available in a Miniature, Low Profile Surface Mount Package
A1304
Undervoltage Lockout The A1304 provides an undervoltage
lockout feature which ensures that the device outputs a VOUT
signal only when VCC is above certain thresholds . The undervoltage lockout feature provides a hysteresis of operation to eliminate
indeterminate output states.
The output of the A1304 is held low (GND) until VCC exceeds
the VCC rising UVLO reset threshold. After that , the device
VOUT output is enabled, providing a ratiometric output voltage that is proportional to the input magnetic signal and VCC . If
VCC should drop back down below the VCC falling UVLO trip
threshold after the device is powered up, the output would be
pulled low (see Figure 4) until VCC rising UVLO reset threshold
is reached again and VOUT would be reenabled.
VCC (V)
3.0
2.8
2.6
VCC(min)
VCC rising UVLO Reset
VCC falling UVLO trip
Reduced
perfomance
Reduced
perfomance
Undervoltage
Lockout
Undervoltage
Lockout
t
VOUT (V)
VCC / 2
VOUT is near ground
potential when A1304
is in UVLO state
2.6
VCC falling UVLO trip
2.8
VCC (V)
VCC rising UVLO Reset
Figure 4: UVLO Operation
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
7
A1304
Linear Hall-Effect Sensor IC with Analog Output,
Available in a Miniature, Low Profile Surface Mount Package
APPLICATION INFORMATION
A1304
VOUT
VCC
0.1 µF
3.3 V
RL
GND
4.7 nF
Figure 5: Typical Application Circuit
Chopper Stabilization Technique
When using Hall-effect technology, a limiting factor for
switchpoint accuracy is the small signal voltage developed across
the Hall element. This voltage is disproportionally small relative
to the offset that can be produced at the output of the Hall sensor
IC. This makes it difficult to process the signal while maintaining an accurate, reliable output over the specified operating
temperature and voltage ranges. Chopper stabilization is a unique
approach used to minimize Hall offset on the chip. Allegro
employs a patented technique to remove key sources of the output drift induced by thermal and mechanical stresses. This offset
reduction technique is based on a signal modulation-demodulation process. The undesired offset signal is separated from the
magnetic field-induced signal in the frequency domain, through
modulation. The subsequent demodulation acts as a modulation
process for the offset, causing the magnetic field-induced signal
to recover its original spectrum at base band, while the DC offset
becomes a high-frequency signal. The magnetic-sourced signal
then can pass through a low-pass filter, while the modulated DC
offset is suppressed. In addition to the removal of the thermal and
mechanical stress related offset, this novel technique also reduces
the amount of thermal noise in the Hall sensor IC while completely removing the modulated residue resulting from the chopper operation. The chopper stabilization technique uses a high
frequency sampling clock. For demodulation process, a sample
and hold technique is used. This high-frequency operation allows
a greater sampling rate, which results in higher accuracy and
faster signal-processing capability. This approach desensitizes
the chip to the effects of thermal and mechanical stresses, and
produces devices that have extremely stable quiescent Hall output
voltages and precise recoverability after temperature cycling.
This technique is made possible through the use of a BiCMOS
process, which allows the use of low-offset, low-noise amplifiers
in combination with high-density logic integration and sampleand-hold circuits.
Regulator
Clock/Logic
Hall Element
Amp
Anti-aliasing Tuned
LP Filter
Filter
Figure 6: Chopper Stabilization Technique
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
8
Linear Hall-Effect Sensor IC with Analog Output,
Available in a Miniature, Low Profile Surface Mount Package
A1304
Package Outline Diagram
For Reference Only – Not for Tooling Use
(Reference DWG-2840)
Dimensions in millimeters – NOT TO SCALE
Dimensions exclusive of mold flash, gate burrs, and dambar protrusions
Exact case and lead configuration at supplier discretion within limits shown
+0.12
2.98 –0.08
D
1.49
4°±4°
A
3
0.180
+0.020
–0.053
0.96 D
2.90
+0.10
–0.20
1.91
+0.19
–0.06
2.40
0.70
D
0.25 MIN
1.00
2
1
0.55 REF
0.25 BSC
0.95
Seating Plane
B
Gauge Plane
8X 10° REF
PCB Layout Reference View
Branded Face
1.00 ±0.13
0.05
0.95 BSC
+0.10
–0.05
0.40 ±0.10
NNN
C
Standard Branding Reference View
N = Last three digits of device part number
A Active Area Depth, 0.28 mm
B Reference land pattern layout
All pads a minimum of 0.20 mm from all adjacent pads; adjust as necessary
to meet application process requirements and PCB layout tolerances
C Branding scale and appearance at supplier discretion
D Hall elements, not to scale
Figure 7: Package LH, 3-Pin (SOT-23W)
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
9
A1304
Linear Hall-Effect Sensor IC with Analog Output,
Available in a Miniature, Low Profile Surface Mount Package
Revision History
Revision
Revision Date
–
June 16, 2014
Initial Release
Description of Revision
1
July 13, 2015
Corrected LH package Active Area Depth value
Copyright ©2013-15, Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC reserves the right to make, from time to time, such departures from the detail specifications as may be required to
permit improvements in the performance, reliability, or manufacturability of its products. Before placing an order, the user is cautioned to verify that
the information being relied upon is current.
Allegro’s products are not to be used in any devices or systems, including but not limited to life support devices or systems, in which a failure of
Allegro’s product can reasonably be expected to cause bodily harm.
The information included herein is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, Allegro MicroSystems, LLC assumes no responsibility for its
use; nor for any infringement of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use.
For the latest version of this document, visit our website:
www.allegromicro.com
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
10
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