CYPRESS CYII4SC014KAA

CYII4SC014KAA-GTC
CYII4SM014KAA-GEC
IBIS4-14000 14-Megapixel CMOS Image
Sensor
Features
Table 1. Key Performance Parameters
The IBIS4-14000 is a CMOS active pixel image sensor that is
comprised of 14 MegaPixels with 3048 x 4560 active pixels on
an 8m pitch. The sensor has a focal plane array of 36 x 24mm2
and operates in rolling shutter mode. At 15 MHz, 3 fps are
achieved at full resolution. On-chip FPN correction is available
Parameter
Typical Value
Active Pixels
3048 (H) x 4560 (V)
Pixel Size
8 μm x 8 μm
Optical format
35 mm
The pixel design is based on the high-fill-factor active pixel
sensor technology of Cypress Semiconductor Corporation (US
patent No. 6,225,670 and others). The sensor is available in a
monochrome version and a Bayer (RGB) patterned color filter
array.
Shutter Type
Rolling Shutter
Master Clock
15 MHz
Frame rate
3 fps at full resolution
Sensitivity (@ 650 nm)
1256 V.m2/W.s
This data sheet allows the user to develop a camera system
based on the described timing and interfacing.
Full Well Charge
65.000 e-
kTC Noise
35 e-
Applications
Dark current
223 e-/s
Dynamic Range
65.4 dB
Supply Voltage
3.3V
Power Consumption
< 176 mW
Color Filter Array
Mono and RGB
Packaging
49-pins PGA
Document scanning
■
Biometrics
4560 Row drivers
y shift register
SYL
Logic Block Diagram
pixel array
4560 x 3048 active pixels
y shift register
■
RESET
SYR
Digital photography
4560 Row drivers
■
Pixel (0,0)
CLK_YL
SYNC_YL
CLK_YR
SYNC_YR
SHS
SHR
CLK_X
SYNC_X
Cypress Semiconductor Corporation
Document #: 38-05709 Rev. *C
•
3048 column amplifiers
4 parallel
analog
outputs
x-shift register
198 Champion Court
•
San Jose, CA 95134-1709
•
408-943-2600
Revised April 1, 2008
[+] Feedback
CYII4SC014KAA-GTC
CYII4SM014KAA-GEC
Architecture and Operation
Floor Plan
Pixel Specifications
The basic architecture of the sensor is shown in the Logic Block
Diagram on page 1. The Y shift registers point at a row of imager
arrays. The imager arrays row is selected by the row drivers or
reset by them. There are two Y shift registers, one points at the
row that is read out and the other points at the row to be reset.
The second pointer may lead the first pointer by a specific
number of rows. In that case, the time difference between both
pointers is the integration time. Alternatively, both shift registers
can point at the same row for reset and readout for a faster reset
sequence. When the row is read out, it is also reset. This is to do
double sampling for fixed pattern noise reduction.
Figure 2. Pixel and Column Structure Schematic
Column
VDD_ ARRAY
PC
RESET
M1
SELECT
M2
M3
The pixel array of the IBIS4-14000 consists of 4536 x 3024 active
pixels and 24 additional columns and rows which can be
addressed (see Figure 1). The column amplifiers read out the
pixel information and perform the double sampling operation.
They also multiplex the signals on the readout buses which are
buffered by the output amplifiers.
SHS
SHR
The shift registers can be configured for various subsampling
modes. The output amplifiers can be individually powered down
and some other extra functions are available. These options are
configurable via a serial input port.
Figure 1. Location of the 24 Additional Columns and Rows,
Scan Direction of the Array
24 x 4536 dummy pixels
3024 x 24 dummy pixels
Top of camera
3024 x 4536 active pixels
3048 x 4560 total pixels
The pixel is a classic three transistor active pixel. The photodiode
is a high-fill-factor n-well/p-substrate diode. The chip has
separate power supplies for the following:
■
General power supply for the analog image core (VDD)
■
Power supply for the reset line drivers (VDDR)
■
Separate power supply for the pixel itself (VDDARRAY).
FPN and PRNU
------------- SKY --------------
pixel 0,0
4 analog outputs
Architecture
Fixed Pattern Noise correction is done on-chip using the Double
Sampling technique. The pixel is read out and this voltage value
is sampled on the capacitor SHS. After read out the pixel is reset
again and this value is sampled by SHR. Both sample and reset
values of each pixel are subtracted in the column amplifiers to
subtract FPN. Raw images taken by the sensor typically feature
a residual (local) FPN of 0.11% RMS of the saturation voltage.
The Photo Response Non Uniformity (PRNU), caused by
mismatch of photodiode node capacitances, is not corrected
on-chip. Measurements indicate that the typical PRNU is less
than1% RMS of the signal level.
Document #: 38-05709 Rev. *C
Page 2 of 27
[+] Feedback
CYII4SC014KAA-GTC
CYII4SM014KAA-GEC
Color Filter Array (CFA)
Output Stage
Figure 3. Color Filter Arrangement on the Pixels
Unity gain buffers are implemented as output amplifiers. These
amplifiers can be directly DC-coupled to the analog-digital
converter or coupled to an external programmable gain amplifier.
The (dark reference) offset of the output signal is adjustable
between 1.7V and 3V. The amplifier output signal is negative
going with increasing light levels, with a max. amplitude of 1.2V
(at 4V reset voltage, in hard reset mode). The output signal range
of the output amplifiers is between 0.5V and 3V.
Notes on analog video signal and output amplifier specifications:
■
Video polarity: the video signal is negative going with increasing
light level.
■
Signal offset: the analog offset of the video signal is settable
by an external DC bias (pin 12 DARKREF). The settable range
is between 1.7V and 3V, with 2.65V being the nominal expected
set point. Hence, the output range (including 1.2V video signal)
is between 3V and 0.5V.
■
Power control: the output amplifiers can be switched between
an “operating” mode and a “standby” mode via the serial port
of the imager (see “SPI Register ” on page 12 for the configuration).
■
Coupling: the IBIS4-14000 can be DC- or AC-coupled to the
AD converter.
The IBIS4-14000 can also be processed with a Bayer RGB color
pattern. Pixel (0,0) has a green filter and is situated on a
green-red row.
Figure 4 shows the response of the color filter array as a function
of the wavelength. Note that this response curve includes the
optical cross talk and the NIR filter of the color glass lid as well
(see “Cover Glass” on page 24 for response of the color glass
lid).
Figure 4. Color Filter Response Curve
Document #: 38-05709 Rev. *C
Page 3 of 27
[+] Feedback
CYII4SC014KAA-GTC
CYII4SM014KAA-GEC
Output Amplifier Crossbar Switch (multiplexer)
Figure 5. Output Amplifier Crossbar Switch
A crossbar switch is available that routes the green pixels always
to the same output (this is useful for a color device to avoid gain
and offset differences between green pixels). The switch can be
controlled automatically (with a toggle on every CLK_Y rising
edge) or manually (through the SPI register).
A pulse on SYNC_Y resets the crossbar switch. The initial state
after reset of the switchboard is read from the SPI control
register. When the automatic toggling of the switchboard is
enabled, it toggles on every rising edge of the CLK_Y clock.
Separate pins are used for the SYNC_Y and CLK_Y signals on
the crossbar logic these pins can be connected to the SYNC_YL
and CLK_YL pins of the shift register that is used for readout as
shown in Figure 5.
CLK_YR
SYNC_YR
Manual
Q
Power
Power
Power
Power
Document #: 38-05709 Rev. *C
Page 4 of 27
[+] Feedback
CYII4SC014KAA-GTC
CYII4SM014KAA-GEC
Readout and Subsampling Modes
The subsampling modes available on the IBIS4-14000 are
summarized in Table 2.
Table 2. Subsampling Modes
Subsampling Modes Programmed into SPI Register
X shift register subsampling settings
BitMode
Use
code
Full resolution (4 outputs)
1:1
000
4:1 subsampling
Full resolution (all
001
columns)
010
011
24:1
24:1 subsampling ( 2
Select 4 columns/ skip 20 outputs)
100
8:1
8:1 subsampling (2
Select 4 columns / skip 4s outputs)
101
12:1
12:1 subsampling (2
Select 4 columns / skip 8 outputs)
Y shift register subsampling settings
BitMode
Use
code
000
4:1
4:1 subsampling
010
Select 2 rows / skip 2
100
001
1:1
Full resolution
Full resolution (all rows)
011
6:1
6:1 subsampling
Select 2 rows / skip 4
101
12:1
12:1 subsampling
Select 2 rows / skip 10
Each mode is selected independently for the X and Y shift
registers. The subsampling mode is configured via the serial
input port of the chip. The Y and X shift registers have some
difference in subsampling modes because of constraints in the
design of the chip.
The baseline full resolution operation mode uses four outputs to
read out the entire image. Four consecutive pixels of a row are
put in parallel on the four parallel outputs.
Subsampling is implemented by a shift register with hard coded
subsample modes. Depending on the selected mode the shift
register skips the required number of pixels when shifting the row
or column pointer.
The X shift register always selects four consecutive columns in
parallel. You can subsample in X by activating one of the modes
wherein a multiple of four consecutive columns are skipped on a
CLK_X pulse. The Y shift register selects a single row. It consecutively selects two adjacent rows and then skips a set number of
rows (the number of rows to skip is set in the subsample mode).
This implementation is chosen for easy subsampling of color
images through a 2-channel readout. This way color data from
2x2 pixels is made available in all subsample modes. On
monochrome sensors this is not required, one output can be
used and every second row selected by the Y shift register can
be skipped. This doubles the frame rate. Note that for 2 or 1
channel readout, you can power down the not-used output amplifiers through the SPI shift register.
Rows can also be skipped by extra CLK_Y pulses. You do not
need to apply additional control pulses to rows that are skipped.
This is another way to implement extra subsampling schemes.
For example, to support the 24:1 X shift register mode vertically,
set the Y shift register to the 12:1 mode and given an additional
CLK_Y pulse at the start of each row.
Table 3 lists the frame rates of the IBIS4-14000 in various
subsample modes with only one output. The row blanking time
(dead time between readout of successive rows) is set to 17.5 s.
Table 3. Frame Rates and Resolution for Various Subsample Modes
Ratio
1:1
4:1
8:1
12:1
# Outputs
4
1
1
1
Image Resolution
3024 x 4536
756 x 1134
378 x 567
252 x 378
Frame rate [frames/s]
3.25
12.99
41.30
77.13
Frame readout time [s]
0.308
0.077
0.024
0.013
Note The 24 additional columns and rows do not subsample (see Figure 1 on page 2).
Document #: 38-05709 Rev. *C
Page 5 of 27
[+] Feedback
CYII4SC014KAA-GTC
CYII4SM014KAA-GEC
Figure 6. B and C Subsample Mode
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
mode B - 1:1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
mode C - 1:4
Document #: 38-05709 Rev. *C
Page 6 of 27
[+] Feedback
CYII4SC014KAA-GTC
CYII4SM014KAA-GEC
Figure 7. D and E Subsample Mode
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
mode D - 1:6
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
mode E - 1:8
Document #: 38-05709 Rev. *C
Page 7 of 27
[+] Feedback
CYII4SC014KAA-GTC
CYII4SM014KAA-GEC
Figure 8. F Subsample Mode
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
modeF - 1:12
Sensor Read Out Timing Diagrams
Row Sequencer
the same position. The falling edge of RESET lags behind the
rising PC edge.
■
SHR (Sample & Hold pixel Reset level): This signal controls
another track and hold circuit in the column amplifiers. It is used
to sample the pixel reset level in the columns (for double
sampling). (0 = track ; 1 = hold).
■
SYL (Select YL register): Selects the YL shift register to drive
the reset line of the pixel array.
■
SYR (Select YR register): Selects the YR shift register to drive
the reset line of the pixel array. For rolling shutter applications,
SYL and SYR are complementary. In full frame readout, both
registers may be selected together, only if it is guaranteed that
both shift registers point to the same row. This can reduce the
row blanking time.
■
SYNC_YR and SYNC_YL: Synchronization pulse for the YR
and YL shift registers. The SYNC_YR/SYNC_YL signal is
clocked in during a rising edge on CLK_YR/CLK_YL and resets
the YR/YL shift register to the first row. Both pulses are pulsed
only once each frame. The exact pulsing scheme depends on
the mode of use (full frame/ rolling shutter). A 200 ns setup time
applies. See Table 4 on page 9.
■
SYNC_X: Resets the column pointer to the first row. This has
to be done before the end of the first PC pulse in case the
previous line has not been read out completely.
The row sequencer controls pulses to be given at the start of
each new line. Figure 9 on page 9 shows the timing diagram for
this sequence.
The signals to be controlled at each row are:
■
CLK_YL and CLK_YR: These are the clocks of the YL and YR
shift register. They can be driven by the same signals and at a
continuous frequency. At every rising edge, a new row is being
selected.
■
SELECT: This signal connects the pixels of the currently
sampled line with the columns. It is important that PC and
SELECT are never active together.
■
PC: An initialization pulse that needs to be given to precharge
the column.
■
SHS (Sample & Hold pixel Signal): This signal controls the track
and hold circuits in the column amplifiers. It is used to sample
the pixel signal in the columns. (0 = track ; 1 = hold).
■
RESET: This pulse resets the pixels of the row that is currently
being selected. In rolling shutter mode, the RESET signal is
pulsed a second time to reset the row selected by the YR shift
register. For “reset black” dark reference signals, the reset
pulse can be pulsed also during the first PC pulse. Normally,
the rising edge of RESET and the falling edge of PC occur at
Document #: 38-05709 Rev. *C
Figure 9 on page 9 shows the basic timing diagram of the
IBIS4-14000 image sensor and Table 4 on page 9 shows the
timing specifications of the clocking scheme.
Page 8 of 27
[+] Feedback
CYII4SC014KAA-GTC
CYII4SM014KAA-GEC
Figure 9. Line Read Out Timing
CLOCK_YL
SYNC_YR
SYNC_YL
PC
k
Once each
frame
a
l
b
b
c
SHS
d
SELECT
RESET
f
d
e
e
g
h
h
j
m
h
j
For each
new row
Optional reset pulse
for reset black
c
SHR
SYL
f
i
SYR
Only when the electronic
shutter is used
Table 4. Timing Constraints for the Row Sequencer
Symbol
a
b
c
2.7 μs
10 μs
d
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
1.3 μs
6.5 μs
100 ns
1.4 μs
5 μs
1.28 μs
500 ns
240 ns
Description
Min. SYNC set-up times. SYNC_Y is clocked in on rising edge on CLK_Y. SYNC_Y pulse
must overlap CLK_Y by one clock period. Setup times of 200 ns apply after SYNC edges.
Within this setup time no rising CLK edge may occur.
Duration of PC pulse.
Delay between falling edge on PC and rising edge on SHS/SHR. Duration of SHS/SHR
pulse.
Delay between rising edge on PC and rising edge on SELECT.
Delay between rising edge on SELECT and rising edge on SHS/SHR.
Delay between rising edge on SHS and falling edge on SELECT.
Delay between falling edge of SELECT and rising edge of RESET.
Duration of RESET pulse.
Delay between rising edge on SHR and rising edge on SYR.
SYL and SYR pulses must overlap second RESET pulse at both sides by one clock cycle.
Duration of CLOCK_Y pulse.
3μs
500ns
Delay between falling edge of CLK_Y and Falling edge of PC and SHS.
Delay between falling edge of RESET and falling edge of PC and SHR.
l
m
Min
200 ns
h+2*CLK
Typ.
600 ns
Notes CLK = one clock period of the master clock, shortest system time period available.
Document #: 38-05709 Rev. *C
Page 9 of 27
[+] Feedback
CYII4SC014KAA-GTC
CYII4SM014KAA-GEC
In the Figure 9 on page 9 timing diagram, the YR shift register is
used for the electronic shutter. The CLK_YR is driven identically
as CLK_YL. The SYNC_YR pulse leads the SYNC_YL pulse by
a given number of rows. Relative to the row timing, both SYNC
pulses are given at the same time position.
■
Preset the X shift register: Apply a low level to SYNC_X during
a rising edge on CLK_X at the start of a new row
■
Readout of the image row: Pulse CLK_X
■
Analog-digital conversion: Clock the ADC
SYNC_YR and SYNC_YL are only pulsed once each frame,
SYNC_YL is pulsed when the first row is read out and SYNC_YR
is pulsed for the electronic shutter at the appropriate moment.
The SYNC pulses perform a synchronous reset of the shift
registers to the first row/column on a rising edge on CLK. This is
identical for all shift registers (YR, YL and X).
This timing assumes that the registers that control the subsampling modes have been loaded in advance (through the SPI
interface), before the pulse on SYNC_YL or SYNC_YR.
Note The SYNC_X signal has a setup time Ts of 150 ns. For the
YR and YS shift registers, the setup time is 200 ns. CLK_X must
be stable at least during this setup time.
The second reset pulse and the pulses on SYL and SYR (all
pulses drawn in red) are only applied when the rolling electronic
shutter is used. For full frame integration, these pulses are
skipped.
If a partial row readout is performed, 2 CLK_X pulses (with
SYNC_X = LOW) are required to fully deselect the column where
the X pointer is stopped. A single CLK_X leaves the column
partially selected which then has a different response when read
out in the next row.
The SYNC_Y pulse is also used to initialize the switchboard
(output multiplexer). This is also done by a synchronous reset on
the rising edge of CLK_Y. Normally the switchboard is controlled
by the shift register used for readout (this is the YL shift register).
This means that pin SYNC_Y can be connected to SYNC_YL,
and pin CLK_Y can be connected to CLK_YL.
The additional RESET BLACK pulse (indicated in dashed lines
in Figure 9 on page 9) can be given to make one or more lines
black. This is useful to generate a dark reference signal.
Timing Pulse Pattern for Readout of a Pixel
Figure 10 shows the timing diagram to preset (sync) the X shift
register, read out the image row, and analog-digital conversion.
There are 3 tasks:
When full row readout is performed, the last column is fully
deselected by a single CLK_X pulse (with SYNC_X = LOW). The
X-register is reset by a single CLK_X pulse (with SYNC_X =
LOW). In case of partial row readout, give the SYNC_X pulse
before the sample pulses (SHR and SHS) of the process to avoid
a different response of the last column of the previous window.
For the X shift register the analog signal is delayed by 2 clock
periods before it becomes available at the output (due to internal
processing of the signal in the columns and output amplifier).
Figure 10 gives an example of an ADC clock for an ADC that
samples on the rising edge.
Figure 10. Row Readout Timing Sequence
Ts
Ts
SYNC_X
CLK_X
Analog
Output
pixel 1
CLK_ADC
(example)
Document #: 38-05709 Rev. *C
pixel 2
pixel 3
X
Page 10 of 27
[+] Feedback
CYII4SC014KAA-GTC
CYII4SM014KAA-GEC
Figure 11. Fast Reset Sequence Timing
Fast Frame Reset Timing Diagram
Figure 11 shows the reset timing for a fast frame reset.
Keep both SYL and SYR high to speed up the reset mechanism
and reduce propagation delays. PC, SHS, SHR can be kept high
since they do not interact with the pixel reset mechanism.
CLK_YR
CLK_YL
SELECT
a
c
d
e
Table 5 lists the timing specifications for RESET, CLK_Y and
SELECT.
Table 5. Fast Reset Timing Constraints
PC
Symbol
Typical
Description
a
0 μs
Delay between rising CLK_Y edge and
Reset.
b
4 μs
Reset pulse width.
c
0
Reset hold time.
d
1.6 μs
Select pulse width.
e
1 μs
Setup hold time.
CONSTRAINT: a + e > 1 us due to
propagation delay on pixel select line.
SHS
b
RESET
SHR
SYL
SYR
b
SYNC_YR
SYNC_YL
Document #: 38-05709 Rev. *C
Page 11 of 27
[+] Feedback
CYII4SC014KAA-GTC
CYII4SM014KAA-GEC
SPI Register
SPI Interface Architecture
The elementary unit cell of the serial to parallel interface consists of two D-flip-flops. The architecture is shown in Figure 12. 16 of
these cells are connected in parallel, having a common /CS and SCLK form the entire uploadable parameter block, where Din is
connected to Dout of the next cell. The uploaded settings are applied to the sensor on the rising edge of signal /CS.
Figure 12. SPI Interface
To sensor core
16 outputs to sensor core
Din
D
Dout
Q
SCLK
CS
C
Entire uploadable parameter block
CS
Din
SCLK
D
Q
Dout
SCLK
C
Th
Tsclk
Unity Cell
Din
D0
D1
D2
D15
CS
Data
valid
Ts
Table 6. Timing Requirements Serial Parallel Interface
Parameter
Value
Tsclk
100 ns
Ts
50 ns
Th
50 ns
SPI Register Definition
Sensor parameters can be serially uploaded inside the sensor at
the start of a frame. The parameters are:
■
Subsampling modes for X and Y shift registers (3-bit code for
six subsampling modes)
■
Power control of the output amplifiers, column amps and pixel
array. Each amplifier can be individually powered up/down
■
Output crossbar switch control bits. The crossbar switch is used
to route the green pixels to the same output amplifiers at all
times. A first bit controls the crossbar. When a second bit is set,
the first bit toggles on every CLK_Y edge to automatically route
the green pixels of the bayer filter pattern.
The code is uploaded serially as a 16-bit word (LSB uploaded
first).
Table 7 on page 13 lists the register definition. The default code
for a full resolution readout is 33342 (decimal) or 1000 0010 0011
1110.
Document #: 38-05709 Rev. *C
Page 12 of 27
[+] Feedback
CYII4SC014KAA-GTC
CYII4SM014KAA-GEC
Table 7. Serial Sensor Parameters Register Bit Definitions
BIT
Description’
0 (LSB)
set to zero (0).
1
1 = power on sensor array ; 0 = power-down.
2
1 = power up output amplifier 4; 0 = power-down.
3
1 = power up output amplifier 3; 0 = power-down.
4
1 = power up output amplifier 2; 0 = power-down.
5
1 = power up output amplifier 1; 0 = power-down.
6
3-bit code for subsampling mode of X shift register:
000 = full resolution
011 = select 4, skip 20
001 = full resolution
100 = select 4, skip 4
010 = full resolution
101 = select 4, skip 8
7
8
9
10
11
12
3-bit code for subsampling mode of Y shift registers:
000 = select 2, skip 2
011 = select 2, skip 4
001 = full resolution
100 = select 2, skip 2
010 = select 2, skip 2
101 = select 2, skip 2
Crossbar switch (output multiplexer) control bit initial value.
This initial value is clocked into the crossbar switch at a SYNC_YR rising edge pulse (when the array pointers
jump back to row 1).
The crossbar switch control bit selects the correspondence between multiplexer busses and output amplifiers.
Bus-to-output correspondence is according to the following table:
Bus
when bit set to 0
1
output 1
2
output 2
3 (4 outputs)
output 3
4 (4 outputs)
output 4
when bit set to 1
output 2
output 1
output 4
output 3
13
1 = Toggle crossbar switch control bit on every odd/even line. In order to let green pixels always use the same
output amplifier automatically, this bit must be set to 1. On every CLK_Y rising edge (when a new row is selected),
the crossbar switch control bit will toggle. Initial value (after SYNC_Y) is set by bit 12.
14
Not used.
15 (MSB)
1 = Power-up sensor array; 0 = Power-down.
Three pins are used for the serial data interface. This interface converts the serial data into an (internal) parallel data bus
(Serial-Parallel Interface or SPI). The control lines are:
■
DATA: The data input. LSB is clocked in first.
■
CLK: Clock, on each rising edge, the value of DATA is clocked in
■
CS: Chip select, a rising edge on CS loads the parallelized data into the on-chip register.
The initial state of the register is undefined. However, no state exists that destroys the device.
Document #: 38-05709 Rev. *C
Page 13 of 27
[+] Feedback
CYII4SC014KAA-GTC
CYII4SM014KAA-GEC
Pin Configuration
Table 8 lists the pin configuration of the IBIS4-14000. Figure 16 on page 21 shows the assignment of pin numbers on the package.
Table 8. Pinout Configuration
Pin #
Name
Function
1
OBIAS
Bias current output amplifiers.
2
GND
Ground for output 3.
3
OUT3
Output 3.
4
GND
Ground for output 4.
5
OUT4
Output 4.
Comment
Connect with 10kΩ to VDD and decouple with 100 nF to
GND.
6
VDD
Power supply.
Nominal 3.3V
7
GND
Ground.
0V
8
OUT2
Output 2.
9
GND
Ground for output 2.
10
OUT1
Output 1.
11
GND
Ground for output 1.
12
DARKREF
Offset level of output signal.
Typ. 2.6V. min. 1.7V max. 3V
13
TEMP1
Temperature sensor.
Located near the output amplifiers (pixel
4536, 0) near the stitch line).
Any voltage above GND forward biases the diode.
Connect to GND if not used.
14
PHDIODE
Photodiode output.
Reverse biased by any voltage above GND
Yields the equivalent photocurrent of 250 x Connect to GND if not used.
50 pixels. Diode is located right under the
pad.
15
CLK_Y
Y clock for switchboard.
Clocks on rising edge
Connect to CLK_YL (or drive identically)
16
SYNC_Y
Y SYNC pulse for switchboard.
Low active: synchronous sync on rising edge of CLK_Y
Connect to SYNC_YL (or drive identically)
17
TEMP2
Temperature sensor.
Located near pixel (24,0).
Any voltage above GND forward biases the diode.
Connect to GND if not used.
18
GNDAB
Anti-blooming reference level (= pin 33).
Typ. 0V. Set to 1.5V for improved anti-blooming.
19
GND
Ground.
0V
20
VDD
Power supply.
Nominal 3.3V
21
VDDR
Power supply for reset line drivers
Nominal 4V
Connected on-chip to pin 30
22
CLK_YR
Clock of YR shift register.
Shifts on rising edge.
23
SYR
Activate YR shift register for driving of reset High active. Exact pulsing pattern see timing diagram.
and select line of pixel array.
Both SYR = 1 and SYL = 1 is not allowed, except when the
same row is selected!
24
SYNC_YR
Sets the YR shift register to row 1.
25
VDDARRAY Pixel array power supply (= pin 26).
26
VDDARRAY Pixel array power supply (= pin 25).
3V
27
SYNC_YL
Sets the YL shift register to row 1.
Low active. Synchronous sync on rising edge of CLK_YL
200 ns setup time.
28
SYL
Activate YL shift register for driving of reset High active. Exact pulsing pattern see timing diagram.
and select line of pixel array.
Both SYR = 1 and SYL = 1 is not allowed, except when the
same row is selected.
Document #: 38-05709 Rev. *C
Low active. Synchronous sync on rising edge of CLK_YR
200 ns setup time
3V
Page 14 of 27
[+] Feedback
CYII4SC014KAA-GTC
CYII4SM014KAA-GEC
Table 8. Pinout Configuration(continued)
Pin #
Name
Function
Comment
29
CLK_YL
Clock of YL shift register.
Shifts on rising edge.
30
VDDR
Power supply for reset line drivers.
Nominal 4V.
Connected on-chip to pin 21.
31
VDD
Power supply.
Nominal 3.3V
32
GND
Ground.
0V
33
GNDAB
Anti-blooming reference level (= pin 33).
Typ. 0V. Set to 1V for improved anti-blooming.
34
SELECT
Control select line of pixel array.
High active. See timing diagrams.
35
RESET
Reset of the selected row of pixels.
High active. See timing diagrams.
36
CBIAS
Bias current column amplifiers.
Connect with 22 kΩ to VDD and decouple with 100 nF to
GND.
37
PCBIAS
Bias current.
Connect with 22 kΩ to VDD and decouple with 100 nF to
GND.
38
DIN
Serial data input.
16-bit word. LSB first.
39
SCLK
SPI interface clock.
Shifts on rising edge.
40
CS
Chip select.
Data copied to registers on rising edge.
41
PC
Row initialization pulse.
See timing diagrams.
42
SYNC_X
Sets the X shift register to row 1.
Low active. Synchronous sync on rising edge of CLK_X
150 ns setup time.
43
GND
Ground.
0V
44
VDD
Power supply.
Nominal 3.3V
45
CLK_X
Clock of YR shift register.
Shifts on rising edge.
46
SHR
Row track & hold reset level
(1 = hold; 0 = track).
See timing diagram.
47
SHS
Row track & hold signal level (1 = hold;
0 = track).
See timing diagram.
48
XBIAS
Bias current X multiplexer.
Connect with 10 kΩ to VDD and decouple with 100 nF to
GND.
49
ABIAS
Bias current pixel array.
Connect with 10 MΩ to VDD and decouple with 100 nF to
GND.
Document #: 38-05709 Rev. *C
Page 15 of 27
[+] Feedback
CYII4SC014KAA-GTC
CYII4SM014KAA-GEC
Specifications
General Specifications
Table 9. IBIS4-14000 General Specifications
Parameter
Value
Pixel architecture
3T pixel
Technology
CMOS
Pixel size
8 x 8 μm2
Resolution
3048 x 4560
Remarks
13.9 megapixels
Power supply
3.3V
Shutter type
Electronic rolling shutter
Pixel rate
15 MHz nominal
20 MHz with extra power dissipation.
Frame rate
3.25 frames/s
Full resolution with 4 parallel analog outputs
@ 15 MHz/channel
Power dissipation
176 mW
53 mA
Electro-Optical Specifications
Overview
All parameters are measured using the default settings (see recommended operating conditions) unless otherwise specified.
Table 10. IBIS4-14000 Electro-optical Specifications
Parameter
Effective conversion gain
Value
18.5 V/e25 V/e-
Remarks
Full range. See note 1.
Linear range. See note 1.
Spectral response * fill factor
0.22 A/W (peak)
Peak Q.E. * fill factor
45%
Full Well charge
65000 electrons
See note 1.
Linear range
90% of full well charge
Linearity definition: < 3% deviation from straight line through zero
point.
Temporal noise
(kTC noise limited)
35 electrons
kTC noise, being the dominant noise source in the dark at short
integration times.
Dynamic range
1857:1 (65.4 dB)
See note 1.
Linear dynamic range
1671:1 (64.5 dB)
See note 1; 3% deviation.
Average dark current
55 pA/cm2
Average value @ 24°C lab temperature.
Dark current signal
223 electrons/s
4.13 mV/s
Average value @ 24°C lab temperature.
MTF at Nyquist
0.55 in X
0.57 in Y
Measured at 600 nm.
Fixed pattern noise (local)
0.11% Vsat RMS
Average value of RMS variation on local 32 x 32 pixel windows.
Fixed pattern noise (global)
0.15% Vsat RMS
PRNU
<1% RMS of signal
Anti-blooming
105
Between 500 and 700 nm.
Charge spill-over to neighboring pixels (= CCD blooming
mechanism)
Note
1. Settings: VDD = 3.3V, VDDR = 4V and VDD_ARRAY = 3V.
Document #: 38-05709 Rev. *C
Page 16 of 27
[+] Feedback
CYII4SC014KAA-GTC
CYII4SM014KAA-GEC
Spectral Response Curve
Figure 13. IBIS4-14000 Spectral Response Curve
Document #: 38-05709 Rev. *C
Page 17 of 27
[+] Feedback
CYII4SC014KAA-GTC
CYII4SM014KAA-GEC
Electro-voltaic Response Curve
Figure 14. IBIS4-14000 Electro-voltaic Response Curve
Electrical Specifications
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Table 11. IBIS4-14000 Absolute Maximum Ratings
Parameter
Description
Value
Unit
–0.5 to +4.5
V
DC input voltage
–0.5 to VDC + 0.5
V
DC output voltage
–0.5 to VDC + 0.5
V
VDC
DC supply voltage
VIN
VOUT
I
DC current per pin; any single input or output
TSTG
Storage temperature range
±50
mA
–10 to 66 (@ 15% RH)
–10 to +38 (@ 86% RH)
(RH = relative humidity)
°C
8000
feet
Altitude
Recommended Operating Specifications
Table 12. IBIS4-14000 Recommended Operating Specifications
Parameter
Description
Min
Typ.
Max
Unit
3.3
3.6
V
VDD
Nominal power supply
VDDRL
VDDRR
Reset power supply level
4
V
VDD_ARRAY
Pixel supply level
3
V
DARKREF
Dark reference offset level
Document #: 38-05709 Rev. *C
1.7
2.65
3
V
Page 18 of 27
[+] Feedback
CYII4SC014KAA-GTC
CYII4SM014KAA-GEC
Table 12. IBIS4-14000 Recommended Operating Specifications (continued)
Parameter
Description
Min
Typ.
Max
Unit
0
0
1
V
0.5
3
V
2.5
3.3
V
GNDAB
Anti-blooming ground level
VOUT
Analog output level
VIH
Logic input high level
VIL
Logic input low level
0
1
V
TA
Commercial operating temperature
0
50
°C (@ 15% RH)
TA
Commercial operating temperature
0
38
°C (@ 86% RH)
Bias Currents and References
Table 13. IBIS4-14000 Bias Currents[2]
Pin Number
Pin Name
Connection
Input Current
Pin Voltage
1
OBIAS
10k to VDD
179 μA
1.51V
36
CBIAS
22k to VDD
91 μA
1.29V
37
PCBIAS
22k to VDD
91 μA
1.29V
48
XBIAS
10k to VDD
181 μA
1.49V
49
ABIAS
or 10M to VDD
0.8V
Note
2. Tolerance on bias reference voltages: ±150 mV due to process variances.
Document #: 38-05709 Rev. *C
Page 19 of 27
[+] Feedback
CYII4SC014KAA-GTC
CYII4SM014KAA-GEC
Geometry and Mechanical
Die Geometry
Figure 15. Die Geometry and Location of Pixel (0,0)
Pin 1
pixel 0,0
4 output
channels
500 μm
Ground pad, also connected to
package ground plane
Analog output pad
Ground for output pad (not connected
to package ground plane)
Locations of temperature sensing
diodes
Location of photodiode array
Document #: 38-05709 Rev. *C
Page 20 of 27
[+] Feedback
CYII4SC014KAA-GTC
CYII4SM014KAA-GEC
Pin Number Assignment
Figure 16. Pin Number Assignment
32 33 34 35 36 37
31 30 29 28 27 26
38 39 40 41 42 43
Package
Back side
49 48 47 46 45 44
20 21 22 23 24 25
1 2 3 4 5 6
19 18 17 16 15 14
13 12 11 10 9 8 7
Note “Solid” drawn pins are connected to die attach area for a proper ground plane.
Document #: 38-05709 Rev. *C
Page 21 of 27
[+] Feedback
CYII4SC014KAA-GTC
CYII4SM014KAA-GEC
Elaborated Package Diagram
Figure 17. Package Dimensions
All dimensions are in mm
Document #: 38-05709 Rev. *C
Based on 001-07577 *A
Page 22 of 27
[+] Feedback
CYII4SC014KAA-GTC
CYII4SM014KAA-GEC
Die Placement Dimensions and Accuracy
Figure 18. Die Placement
200
2
all dimensions in mm
Figure 19. Tolerances
Document #: 38-05709 Rev. *C
Page 23 of 27
[+] Feedback
CYII4SC014KAA-GTC
CYII4SM014KAA-GEC
Cover Glass
CYII4SM014KAA-GEC (monochrome)
Schott D-263 plain glass is the cover glass of the IBIS4-14000 monochrome.
Figure 20. D-263 Transmittance Curve
100
90
Transmission [%]
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
400
500
600
700
800
900
Wavelength [nm]
CYII4SC014KAA-GTC (color)
S8612 glass is the cover glass of the IBIS4-14000 color.
Figure 21. S8612 Transmittance Curve (w/o AR coating)
100
Transmittance [%]
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
Wavelength [nm]
Document #: 38-05709 Rev. *C
Page 24 of 27
[+] Feedback
CYII4SC014KAA-GTC
CYII4SM014KAA-GEC
protected workstations are recommended including the use of
ionized blowers. All tools should be ESD protected. To ground
the human body, provide a resistance of 1 MOhm between the
human body and the ground to be on the safe side.
Specification
■
AR coating: 400–690 nm R < 1.5%
■
Dig, haze, scratch 20 µm after coating
■
Substrate: Schott S8612 glass
■
Thickness: 0.7 mm ±0.050 mm
■
Size: 31.9 x 44.9 mm2 ±0.2 mm
Defects (digs, scratches) are detected at final test using F/11
light source. Glass defects that do not generate non correctable
pixels are accepted.
■
When directly handling the device with the fingers, hold the part
without the leads and do not touch any lead.
■
To avoid generating static electricity:
❐ Do not scrub the glass surface with cloth or plastic.
❐ Do not attach any tape or labels.
❐ Do not clean the glass surface with dust cleaning tape.
■
When storing or transporting the device, put it in a container of
conductive material.
Storage and Handling
Dust and Contamination
Storage Conditions
Unit
Conditions
Temperature
Description Minimum Maximum
–10
66
°C
@ 15% RH
Temperature
–10
38
°C
@ 86% RH
Dust or contamination of the glass surface can deteriorate the
output characteristics or cause a scar. In order to minimize dust
or contamination on the glass surface, take the following precautions:
■
Handle the device in a clean environment such as a cleaned
booth (the cleanliness should be, if possible, class 100).
Handling Precautions
■
Do not touch the glass surface with the fingers.
Special care should be taken when soldering image sensors with
color filter arrays (RGB color filters) onto a circuit board becasue
color filters are sensitive to high temperatures. Prolonged
heating at elevated temperatures can result in deterioration of
the performance of the sensor. The following recommendations
are made to ensure that sensor performance is not compromised
during users’ assembly processes.
■
Use gloves to manipulate the device.
ESD
Avoid spilling solder flux on the cover glass; bare glass and
particularly glass with anti reflection filters can adversely affected
by the flux. Avoid mechanical or particulate damage to the cover
glass. Avoid mechanical stress when mounting the device.
Note: RH = Relative Humidity
Though not as sensitive as CCD sensors, the IBIS4-14000 is
vulnerable to ESD like other standard CMOS devices. Device
placement onto boards must be done in accordance with strict
ESD controls for Class 0, JESD22 Human Body Model, and
Class A, JESD22 Machine Model devices. Take into account
standard ESD procedures when manipulating the device:
■
Soldering
Soldering should be manually performed with 5 seconds at
350°C maximum at the tip of the soldering iron.
Precautions and Cleaning
RoHS (Pb-free) Compliance
This section reports the use of Hazardous chemical substances
as required by the RoHS Directive (excluding packing material).
Assembly operators should always wear all designated and
approved grounding equipment. Grounded wrist straps at ESD
Table 14. Chemical Substances and Information about Any Intentional Content
Any intentional
content?
If there is any intentional content,
in which portion is it contained?
Lead
NO
-
Cadmium
NO
-
Mercury
NO
-
Hexavalent chromium
NO
-
PBB (Polybrominated biphenyls)
NO
-
PBDE (Polybrominated diphenyl ethers)
NO
-
Chemical Substance
Document #: 38-05709 Rev. *C
Page 25 of 27
[+] Feedback
CYII4SC014KAA-GTC
CYII4SM014KAA-GEC
Information on lead free soldering
CYII4SM014KAA-GEC: The product is tested successfully for
Pb-free soldering processes using a reflow temperature profile
with maximum 260°C, minimum 40s at 255°C and minimum 90s
at 217°C.
CYII4SC014KAA-GTC: The product will not withstand a Pb-free
soldering process. Maximum allowed reflow or wave soldering
temperature is 220°C. Hand soldering is recommended for this
part type.
Note “Intentional content” is defined as any material demanding
special attention is contained into the inquired product by
following cases:
1. A case that the above material is added as a chemical composition into the inquired product intentionally in order to produce and maintain the required performance and function of
the intended product .
2. A case that the above material, which is used intentionally in
the manufacturing process, is contained in or adhered to the
inquired product
The following case is not treated as “intentional content”:
1. A case that the above material is contained as an impurity into
raw materials or parts of the intended product. The impurity is
defined as a substance that cannot be removed industrially,
or it is produced at a process such as chemical composing or
reaction and it cannot be removed technically.
Ordering Information
Part Numbers
Table 15. Ordering Information
Part number
Package
Monochrome/Color
Glass lid
CYII4SM014KAA-GEC
49-pin PGA package
Monochrome
Monochrome
CYII4SC014KAA-GTC
49-pin PGA package
RGB Color
Color
Defect Specification
A document called “IBIS4-14000 Defect Specification” is available on request. This documents contains the criteria against which the
IBIS4-14000 is tested before being shipped. Contact Cypress for more information (imagesensors@cypress.com).
Document #: 38-05709 Rev. *C
Page 26 of 27
[+] Feedback
CYII4SC014KAA-GTC
CYII4SM014KAA-GEC
Document History Page
Document Title: CYII4SC014KAA-GTC, CYII4SM014KAA-GEC IBIS4-14000 14-Megapixel CMOS Image Sensor
Document Number: 38-05709
REV.
ECN NO.
Orig. of Change
**
310213
SIL
Initial Cypress release
Description of Change
*A
428177
FVK
Layout converted
Figure 10 on page 10 updated
Storage and handling section added
IBIS4-14000-C added
*B
642656
FPW
Ordering information update+package spec label.
Moved figure captions to the top of the figures and moved notes
to the bottom of the page per new template. Verified all
cross-referencing. Moved the specifications towards the back.
Corrected all variables on the Master pages.
*C
2220967
FPW
Eval kit section is removed.
Reference to Defect Spec is added.
Defect description for a RCCA added.
© Cypress Semiconductor Corporation, 2005-2008. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice. Cypress Semiconductor Corporation assumes no responsibility for the use of
any circuitry other than circuitry embodied in a Cypress product. Nor does it convey or imply any license under patent or other rights. Cypress products are not warranted nor intended to be used for
medical, life support, life saving, critical control or safety applications, unless pursuant to an express written agreement with Cypress. Furthermore, Cypress does not authorize its products for use as
critical components in life-support systems where a malfunction or failure may reasonably be expected to result in significant injury to the user. The inclusion of Cypress products in life-support systems
application implies that the manufacturer assumes all risk of such use and in doing so indemnifies Cypress against all charges.
Any Source Code (software and/or firmware) is owned by Cypress Semiconductor Corporation (Cypress) and is protected by and subject to worldwide patent protection (United States and foreign),
United States copyright laws and international treaty provisions. Cypress hereby grants to licensee a personal, non-exclusive, non-transferable license to copy, use, modify, create derivative works of,
and compile the Cypress Source Code and derivative works for the sole purpose of creating custom software and or firmware in support of licensee product to be used only in conjunction with a Cypress
integrated circuit as specified in the applicable agreement. Any reproduction, modification, translation, compilation, or representation of this Source Code except as specified above is prohibited without
the express written permission of Cypress.
Disclaimer: CYPRESS MAKES NO WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, WITH REGARD TO THIS MATERIAL, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Cypress reserves the right to make changes without further notice to the materials described herein. Cypress does not
assume any liability arising out of the application or use of any product or circuit described herein. Cypress does not authorize its products for use as critical components in life-support systems where
a malfunction or failure may reasonably be expected to result in significant injury to the user. The inclusion of Cypress’ product in a life-support systems application implies that the manufacturer
assumes all risk of such use and in doing so indemnifies Cypress against all charges.
Use may be limited by and subject to the applicable Cypress software license agreement.
Document #: 38-05709 Rev. *C
Revised April 1, 2008
Page 27 of 27
All products and company names mentioned in this document may be the trademarks of their respective holders.
[+] Feedback