AP1695-EV5 User Guide

AP1695EV5 User Guide
230VAC Triac Dimmable GU10 LED Driver
with Integrated MOSFET
General Description This AP1695 Triac Dimmable GU10 12V/400mA Buck LEDs driver EV board use tapped transformer to increasing power conversion turn on duty cycle, boost current back to LED during ratio of tapped winding. Also the bigger gauge wire can be used as well as the large inductance can be suitable in switching loop which can reduce the switching current and the lower forward drop so that SBR diode can be used which can reduce the power consumption on the diodes. Key Features 
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Internal integrated 600V MOSFET Typical 3% to 95% Dimming performance (Depends on dimmers brands) Boundary conductive switching mode Simple adjustable Constant Current Inductor Short Protection Low BOM cost PFC >0.9 & low THD. 200 ~265VAC input range >77% Efficiency With open, short, and wrong polarity LED protection Applications 
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GU10 LED Offline small size bulb Candle size LED lamp Desktop lamps Under the counter lamps AP1695EV5 Rev1
July 2015
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AP1695 EV5 Specifications Parameter
Value Input Voltage PFC LED Current LED Voltage Efficiency Number of LEDs 200 to 265VAC > 0.9 400mA (Adjustable) 12V >77% 4 LEDs in series (Under Tested) 28.5 x 16.5 x 14.5mm Yes XYZ Dimension ROHS Compliance Evaluation Board Figure 1: Top View Figure 2: Bottom View Connection Instructions Input Voltage: 230VAC (AC+, AC‐) LED Outputs: LED+ (Red), LED‐ (Black) Page 1 of 10
AP1695EV5 User Guide
230VAC Triac Dimmable GU10 LED Driver
with Integrated MOSFET
WHY USE DIODES TAPPED TRANSFORM STRUCTURE The traditional Buck converter turn on time is inverse proportion with input voltage. Vo = D x Vin. The duty cycle will be getting smaller when the input voltage goes higher. Example: Vo=12V, Vin= 120VAC, Fs= 75kHz. D= Vo/Vin * = 12V/120V * 1.414 = 0.07 Ton=D/Fs = 0.07/ 75kHz =0.933µs. T=1/Fs =13.33µs Since the Ton time is too short in the duty cycle; therefore there is not enough current passing through the LEDs and charging the inductor. In result, it caused the efficiency to be lower. In order to solve this issue ‐ use the Diodes tapped transformer to boost the output current & increase the Ton time in the duty cycle. With the “new tapped” transformer, the Duty cycle will be: D is original duty cycle = Vo/Vin*1.414, n = NA+Np/NA & L = Lp + LA, Vo/Vin = D’/(D’ +n(1‐D’)), If NA=40Ts, Np=100Ts, n=3.5 D’ = nVo/(Vin+(n‐1)Vo) = 0.21 The duty cycle almost increased by 3 times. The Efficiency will increase about 4 to 5% (before the Efficiency was about 72% now is 77%) comparing with the “none tapped” transformer. AP1695EV5 Rev1
July 2015
www.diodes.com
Page 2 of 10
AP1695EV5 User Guide
230VAC Triac Dimmable GU10 LED Driver
with Integrated MOSFET
DIODES TAPPED TRANSFORMER DESIGN AP1695 230VAC Buck tapped 12V 400mA Transformer Spec 1) Bobbin EEP10 4+4 pin 1
WD2: Primary
0.26mm*1,50Ts
6
6
WD1: P r i m a r y
2
WD3: Auxiliary 0.13mm*1, 84Ts
0.16mm*1,
1 2 0 Ts
7
5
2) Transformer Parameters 1. Primary Inductance (Pin1‐Pin7, all other windings are open) Lp = 1.2mH ± 6 [email protected] 2. Primary Winding Turns: NP=120Ts (Pin7‐Pin6) + 50Ts (Pin 6 to Pin 1) 3. Auxiliary Winding Turns (Pin2‐ Pin5): NA= 84Ts (Pin 2 to Pin 5) 3) Transformer Winding Construction Diagram Winding Number 1 2 Windings Winding
Specification
WD1‐Primary Start at Pin 7, wind 120 turns of single Φ16mm wire and finish on Pin 6.
Winding WD2‐Primary Start at Pin 6, wind 50 turns of single Φ26mm wire and finish on Pin 1.
Winding Insulation 2 Layers of insulation tape
3 WD3‐Auxiliary Winding Start at Pin 2, wind 84 turns of single Φ13mm wire and finish on Pin 5.
4 Insulation 2 Layers of insulation tape
AP1695EV5 Rev1
July 2015
www.diodes.com
Page 3 of 10
AP1695EV5 User Guide
230VAC Triac Dimmable GU10 LED Driver
with Integrated MOSFET
Evaluation Board Schematic Figure 3: Evaluation Board Schematic Evaluation Board Layout
Figure 4: PCB Board Layout Top View Figure 5: PCB Board Layout Bottom View Quick Start Guide 1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
By default, the evaluation board is preset at 400mA LED Current adjustment by R10//R11. Ensure that the AC source is switched OFF or disconnected. Connect the AC line wires of power supply to “AC+ and AC‐” on the left side of the board. Connect the anode wire of external LED string to LED+ output test point. Connect the cathode wire of external LED string to LED‐ output test point. Turn on the main switch. LED string should light up. AP1695EV5 Rev1
July 2015
www.diodes.com
Page 4 of 10
AP1695EV5 User Guide
230VAC Triac Dimmable GU10 LED Driver
with Integrated MOSFET
Bill of Material # Name QTY Part number Manufacturer Description 1 U1 1 AP1695‐20CS7‐13
Diodes Inc LED Driver, 600V/2A MOSFET, SO7 2 T1 1 EL1004R Elite Electronics EE10, Transformer 3 BD1 1 HD06‐T Diodes Inc Bridge Rectifiers 0.8A 600V 4 D1 1 DFLF1800‐7 Diodes Inc Rectifier 1A/800V 5 D2 1 B1100B Diodes Inc Rectifier 1A/100V 6 D3 1 MMSZ5250B‐7‐F Diodes Inc Zener Diode, 20V 7 F1 1 C1Q1 Bel Fuse Fuse, 1A/125V 8 Q2 1 FMMT458 Diodes Inc MOSFET N‐CH 400V 0.2A SOT‐23 L1 C1A, C1B, 10 C2 1 LPS6235‐565MRB Coilcraft 5.6mH/150mA 3 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 C1210X104K501T Holystone CAP CER 1210 0.1µF 500V X7R GMK316BJ106KL‐T Taiyo Yuden CAP CER 10µF 35V X5R 1206 EEU‐FR1E331B Panasonic CAP 330µF/25V (8 x 13mm) C1206X0683K501T RC0805FR‐077K5L Holystone CAP CER 1206 0.068µF 500V X7R RES 7.5KΩ 1/8W 1% 0805 SMD FMP100JR‐52‐330 Yageo America Yageo America RC0805FR‐07360KL Yageo America RES 330Ω 1W 5% FMP100 RES 360KΩ 1/8W 1% 1206 SMD
RC1206FR‐075K1L Yageo America RES 5.1KΩ 1/8W 1% 1206 SMD
RC0805FR‐0720KL Yageo America RES 20KΩ 1/8W 1% 0805 SMD
RC0805JR‐0722RL Yageo America RES 22Ω 1/8W 1% 0805 SMD
RC0805FR‐0711KL Yageo America RES 11.0KΩ 1/8W 1% 0805 SMD
RC0805FR‐0756KL Yageo America RES 75KΩ 1/8W 1% 0805 SMD
RC0805FR‐071K5L Yageo America RES 1.5KΩ 1/8W 1% 0805 SMD
MCR10ERTFL4R12 Rohm RES 4.12Ω 1/8W 1% 0805 SMD
MCR10ERTFL3R24 Rohm RES 3.24Ω 1/8W 1% 0805 SMD
RC1206FR‐075K1L Yageo America RES 5.1KΩ 1/8W 1% 1206 SMD
RC0805FR‐0730K0L Yageo America RES 30KΩ 1/8W 1% 0805 SMD
RC0603JR‐0710KL Yageo America RES 10KΩ 1/8W 1% 0603 SMD
FMP100JR‐52‐680 Yageo America RES 68Ω 1W 1% FMP
MOV‐07D431KTR Bournes MOV, 275VAC 9 11 C3 12 C4 13 C6 14 R1 15 R2 16 R3A, R3B 17 R4 18 R5 19 R6 20 R7 21 R8 22 R9 23 R10 24 R11 25 R12 26 R13 27 R14 28 Rf 29 Rm AP1695EV5 Rev1
July 2015
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Page 5 of 10
AP1695EV5 User Guide
230VAC Triac Dimmable GU10 LED Driver
with Integrated MOSFET
Functional Performance Manuf Board Type VIN PFC (VAC) PIN
(W) VLED
(V) ILED
(mA) PLED
(W) ILED (%) Efficiency Athd
(%) (%) Diodes Inc AP1695EV5 200 Module 210 Board 0.899 6.36 12.23 400.6 4.90 0.2 77.11 24.0 0.892 6.35 12.20 400.7 4.89 0.2 77.02 25.0 220 0.884 6.35 12.17 408.9 4.89 0.5 77.01 25.4 230 0.877 6.37 12.15 401.9 4.90 0.8 76.92 26.4 240 0.870 6.40 12.14 403.2 4.91 1.1 76.71 27.0 250 0.863 6.43 12.13 405.9 4.92 1.5 76.49 27.9 265 0.853 6.50 12.12 408.4 4.95 2.1 76.13 28.6 Functional Performance LED Current (mA) vs Vin (VAC)
AP1695EV5
82
415
80
410
LED Current [mA]
Efficiency [%]
Efficiency (%) vs Vin (VAC)
78
76
74
72
405
400
395
390
190
200
210
220
230
240
250
260
270
190
200
210
220
Vin [VAC]
230
240
250
260
270
Vin [VAC]
Figure 5. Efficiency vs. Vin
Figure 6. LED Current vs. Vin
LED Current (%) vs Vin (VAC)
PFC vs Vin (VAC)
AP1695EV5
2.5
1.00
2.0
0.90
1.5
AP1695EV5
0.80
PFC
LED Current [%]
AP1695EV5
1.0
0.70
0.5
0.60
0.0
0.50
‐0.5
190
200
210
220
230
240
250
260
270
190
200
210
AP1695EV5 Rev1
July 2015
www.diodes.com
230
240
250
260
Vin [VAC]
Vin [VAC]
Figure 7. LED Current Line Regulation
220
Figure 8. PFC vs. Vin
Page 6 of 10
270
AP1695EV5 User Guide
230VAC Triac Dimmable GU10 LED Driver
with Integrated MOSFET
Performance Waveforms All of the Channel 1 (VIN) measurement used a 100:1 probe shown in a 2V/division scale. Figure 9. Turn on time (20mS) at 230VAC input
Figure 10. Output Voltage & Current at 230VAC
Figure 11. Input AC voltage vs. output current
Figure 12. Input AC voltage vs. input AC current
Figure 13. LED open protection
AP1695EV5 Rev1
July 2015
www.diodes.com
Page 7 of 10
AP1695EV5 User Guide
230VAC Triac Dimmable GU10 LED Driver
with Integrated MOSFET
AP1695EV5 with Panasonic 230VAC dimmer test data V after 230VAC Dimmer
Vin (VAC) dimmer Arms (mA) Pin(W)
Panasonic 230V AC
40.53
5.802
223.6
(Model # WMS549, 400W)
211.5
46.51
5.774
51.16
5.614
55.06
5.457
91.68
5.175
158.1
93.72
5.036
94.25
4.848
94.22
4.617
95.19
4.417
108.8
95.36
4.136
94.85
3.895
94.33
3.626
92.53
3.261
61.0
88.27
2.860
84.88
2.418
81.97
2.052
25.3
77.99
1.610
40.49
1.351
PFC (in)
THD(%)
0.640
0.540
0.475
0.437
0.245
0.236
0.222
0.213
0.201
0.190
0.179
0.168
0.153
0.141
0.125
0.109
0.090
0.145
29.15
55.40
45.56
46.50
46.78
53.50
54.53
56.55
63.70
79.22
96.77
95.40
97.99
114.50
129.90
157.60
168.70
185.21
Vout (V) Iled (mA) Pout (W)
11.137
11.089
11.045
11.008
10.957
10.919
10.886
10.848
10.814
10.775
10.738
10.709
10.701
10.649
10.593
10.521
10.450
10.422
367.90
348.20
330.60
308.40
281.90
260.10
241.30
220.30
199.94
179.08
159.27
141.01
119.35
100.38
81.47
59.61
41.53
35.98
4.0973
3.8612
3.6515
3.3949
3.0888
2.8400
2.6268
2.3898
2.1622
1.9296
1.7102
1.5101
1.2772
1.0689
0.8630
0.6272
0.4340
0.3750
Dimming Eff (%) range (%) Flicker?
70.62
66.87
65.04
62.21
59.69
56.39
54.18
51.76
48.95
46.65
43.91
41.65
39.16
37.38
35.69
30.56
26.96
27.76
100.00
94.65
89.86
83.83
76.62
70.70
65.59
59.88
54.35
48.68
43.29
38.33
32.44
27.28
22.14
16.20
11.29
9.78
Note: = No Flicker EMC test result Conductive emission noise level (Pass with 15db margin) AP1695EV5 Rev1
July 2015
www.diodes.com
Page 8 of 10
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AP1695EV5 User Guide
230VAC Triac Dimmable GU10 LED Driver
with Integrated MOSFET
Radiated emission noise level (Pass, please zoom in to see the green mark) Note: Green color data are after VQP, will be 5db down than normal AP1695EV5 Rev1
July 2015
www.diodes.com
Page 9 of 10
AP1695EV5 User Guide
230VAC Triac Dimmable GU10 LED Driver
with Integrated MOSFET
IMPORTANT NOTICE
DIODES INCORPORATED MAKES NO WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, WITH REGARDS TO THIS
DOCUMENT, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
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Diodes Incorporated and its subsidiaries reserve the right to make modifications, enhancements, improvements, corrections or other
changes without further notice to this document and any product described herein. Diodes Incorporated does not assume any
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convey any license under its patent or trademark rights, nor the rights of others. Any Customer or user of this document or products
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document is the final and determinative format released by Diodes Incorporated.
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Diodes Incorporated products are specifically not authorized for use as critical components in life support devices or systems
without the express written approval of the Chief Executive Officer of Diodes Incorporated. As used herein:
A. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems which:
1. are intended to implant into the body, or
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Copyright © 2015, Diodes Incorporated
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AP1695EV5 Rev1
July 2015
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