CLA4603_085LF_201637G.pdf

DATA SHEET
CLA4603-085LF: Surface Mount Limiter Diode
Applications
Anode
(Pin 3)
Anode
(Pin 1)
 Low-loss, high-power limiters
 Receiver protectors
Features
 Low thermal resistance: 96 °C/W
Cathode
(Pin 2, Exposed Paddle)
 Typical threshold level: +9 dBm
 Low capacitance: 0.33 pF
 Low profile, ultra-miniature QFN (3-pin, 2 x 2 mm) package
(MSL1, 260 C per JEDEC J-STD-020)
Skyworks Green™ products are compliant with
all applicable legislation and are halogen-free.
For additional information, refer to Skyworks
Definition of Green™, document number
SQ04-0074.
Figure 1. CLA4603-085LF Block Diagram
Description
The CLA4603-085LF is a surface mountable, low capacitance
silicon PIN limiter diode designed as a shunt connected PIN diode
for high power limiter applications from 10 MHz to over 6 GHz.
Maximum resistance at 10 mA is 2 Ω and maximum capacitance
at 6 V is 0.4 pF. The combination of low junction capacitance, low
parasitic inductance, low thermal resistance, and nominal 1.5 μm
I-region width, makes the CLA4603-085LF useful in large signal
limiter applications. The threshold level is +9 dBm, nominal.
A block diagram of the CLA4603-085LF is shown in Figure 1. The
absolute maximum ratings of the CLA4603-085LF are provided in
Table 1. Electrical specifications are provided in Table 2.
Typical performance characteristics of the CLA4603-085LF are
provided in Table 3 and illustrated in Figures 4 and 5.
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • [email protected] • www.skyworksinc.com
201637G • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice • November 12, 2014
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DATA SHEET • CLA4603-085LF: SURFACE MOUNT LIMITER DIODE
Table 1. CLA4603-085LF Absolute Maximum Ratings (Note 1)
Parameter
Symbol
Maximum
Units
VR
45
V
Forward current @ 25 °C
IF
1.5
A
CW power dissipation @ 85 °C
PD
1
W
Reverse voltage
Minimum
Peak pulse power [email protected] 85 °C (10% duty cycle)
Storage temperature
TSTG
Junction temperature
TJ
Operating temperature
TA
Electrostatic discharge:
ESD
–65
–55
Charged Device Model (CDM), Class 4
Human Body Model (HMB), Class 1C
Machine Model (MM), Class A
10
W
+200
C
175
C
+150
C
1000
1000
150
V
V
V
Note 1: Exposure to maximum rating conditions for extended periods may reduce device reliability. There is no damage to device with only one parameter set at the limit and all other
parameters set at or below their nominal value. Exceeding any of the limits listed here may result in permanent damage to the device.
CAUTION: Although this device is designed to be as robust as possible, electrostatic discharge (ESD) can damage this device. This device
must be protected at all times from ESD. Static charges may easily produce potentials of several kilovolts on the human body
or equipment, which can discharge without detection. Industry-standard ESD precautions should be used at all times.
Table 2. CLA4603-085LF Electrical Specifications (Note 1)
(TA = +25 C Unless Otherwise Noted)
Parameter
Symbol
Test Condition
Breakdown voltage
VB
IR = 10 μA
Reverse current
IR
VR = 16 V
Capacitance
CT
f = 1 MHz, VR = 6 V
Series resistance
RS
f = 500 MHz, IF = 10 mA
Series inductance
LS
Carrier lifetime
TL
Min
Typical
Max
20
Units
45
V
1
μA
0.33
0.40
pF
1.7
2.0
IF = 10 mA
Ω
0.3
nH
10
ns
I region width
W
1.5
μm
CW thermal resistance
θJC
Junction-to-case
96
C/W
Peak thermal resistance
θP
Single 1 μs pulse width,
junction-to-case (10%
duty cycle)
9.6
C/W
Note 1: Performance is guaranteed only under the conditions listed in this table.
Table 3. Typical Performance @ 25 °C
Part Number
Insertion Loss
@ –10 dBm
(dB)
Input Power for
1 dB Loss
(dBm)
Maximum Pulsed
Input Power
(dBm)
Output @ Maximum
Pulsed Input
(dBm)
Maximum CW
Input power
(W)
Recovery Time
(ns)
CLA4603-085LF
0.1
+9
+48
+22
3
10
Notes:
Limiter power results @ 1 GHz for shunt connected, single limiter diode and DC return in 50 Ω line.
Maximum pulsed power for 1 μs pulse and 0.1% duty factor with chip @ 25 °C heat sink. Derate linearly to 0 W @ 175 °C.
Maximum CW input power @ 25 °C heat sink. Derate linearly to 0 W @ 175 °C.
Recovery time to insertion loss from limiting state.
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November 12, 2014 • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice • 201637G
DATA SHEET • CLA4603-085LF SURFACE MOUNT LIMITER DIODE
Functional Description
The PIN limiter diode can be described as an incident power
controlled, RF variable resistor. When there is no large input
signal present, the impedance of the limiter diode is at its
maximum, which produces minimum insertion loss, typically
less than 0.1 dB. The presence of a large input signal
temporarily forces the impedance of the diode to a much lower
value, which produces an impedance mismatch that reflects the
majority of the input signal power back towards its source.
During the limiting process, a DC current is generated by the
PIN limiter diode. The current is not the result of rectification,
but is the result of charge carriers being forced into the I layer
by the forward alternations of the large input signal. A complete
path must be provided for this current or the diode is not
capable of limiting. Therefore, an RF choke or similar structure
must be provided to complete the path for DC current flow.
The DC block capacitors shown in Figure 2 are optional; they
protect the limiter diode from external DC voltage that may be
present in the source or load circuits.
A cross section of the suggested printed circuit board design is
shown in Figure 3. The via shown in this view is critical, both for
electrical performance and for thermal performance. It is
recommended that several vias should be placed under the
entire footprint of the exposed paddle (pin 2) to minimize both
electrical inductance to the system ground and thermal
resistance to the system heat sink.
For more information about the operation of limiter diodes, refer
to the Skyworks Application Note, PIN Limiter Diodes in
Receiver Protectors, document number 200480.
DC
Block
DC
Block
Input
Output
RF
Choke
Limiter
PIN
Figure 2. Single Stage Limiter Circuit
CLA4603-085LF
Thermal Via
S1630f
Figure 3. Cross-Sectional View of Suggested Printed Circuit Board
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • [email protected] • www.skyworksinc.com
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DATA SHEET • CLA4603-085LF: SURFACE MOUNT LIMITER DIODE
Typical Performance Characteristics
18
0
16
-2
16
-2
14
-4
12
-6
10
-8
8
-10
-4
14
12
-6
10
-8
8
-10
Output Power
Insertion Loss
6
4
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
Input Power (dBm)
Output Power (dBm)
0
6
-12
4
-14
28
2
-12
Output Power
Insertion Loss
2
4
6
8
10
High Power Limiter Design Application
The CLA4603-085LF PIN limiter diode is designed for shunt
applications in receiver protection power limiter circuits.
Compared to other surface mount packages, the design of the
QFN package produces lower thermal resistance and also reduces
the effects of the parasitic inductance of the anode bond wires.
A cross-sectional view of the CLA4603-085LF PIN limiter diode is
shown in Figure 6. The cathode of the die is soldered directly to
the top of the exposed paddle. This paddle is composed of
copper, so its thermal resistance is very low.
14
16
18
20
-14
22
24
26
Input Power (dBm)
ts237
Figure 4. Output Power and Insertion Loss vs Input Power
(f = 1.0 GHz, Board Loss Included)
12
generated under normal operation, and the surface to which the
package is mounted. Minimal thermal resistance between the I
layer and the external environment minimizes junction
temperature.
The electrically equivalent circuit of the CLA4603-085LF PIN
limiter diode is shown in Figure 7. The inductances of pins 1 and
2, as well as the inductances of the bond wires are in series with
the input and output transmission lines of the external circuit
rather than the portion of the circuit that contains the shunt PIN
limiter diode.
Encapsulated
Epoxy
Cathode
(Pin 2)
Anode
(Pin 3)
Not to scale
S1628f
Figure 6. Cross-Sectional View of the CLA4603-085LF
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-16
30
Figure 5. Output Power and Insertion Loss vs Input Power
(f = 2.6 GHz, Board Loss Included)
CLA4603-085LF Die
Anode
(Pin 1)
28
ts238
The copper ground paddle minimizes the total thermal resistance
between the I layer, which is the location where most heat is
Bond Wire
(2 Places)
Insertion Loss (dB)
18
Insertion Loss (dB)
Output Power (dBm)
(TA = 25 °C, Unless Otherwise Noted)
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DATA SHEET • CLA4603-085LF SURFACE MOUNT LIMITER DIODE
LSERIES
LSERIES
Pin 3
Pin 1
CPKG
CPKG
CLA4603-085LF
Die
LPADDLE
Pin 2
S1629f
Figure 7. CLA4603-085LF Electrically Equivalent Circuit
2X 0.60
Part Outline
2X 0.55
Exposed Soldering
Area Typ.
2X 0.27
Pin 3
2X 0.85
Pin 1
Pin 2
R0.20
2X 0.25
S2923
Figure 8. CLA4603-085LF PCB Layout Footprint
Package Dimensions
The PCB layout footprint for the CLA4603-085LF is shown in
Figure 8. Typical case markings are shown in Figure 9. Package
dimensions for the 3-pin QFN are provided in Figure 10, and
Figure 11 provides the tape and reel dimensions.
Package and Handling Information
Instructions on the shipping container label regarding exposure to
moisture after the container seal is broken must be followed.
Otherwise, problems related to moisture absorption may occur
when the part is subjected to high temperature during solder
assembly.
The CLA4603-085LF is rated to Moisture Sensitivity Level 1
(MSL1) at 260 C. It can be used for lead or lead-free soldering.
For additional information, refer to the Skyworks Application Note,
Solder Reflow Information, document number 200164.
Care must be taken when attaching this product, whether it is
done manually or in a production solder reflow environment.
Production quantities of this product are shipped in a standard
tape and reel format.
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • [email protected] • www.skyworksinc.com
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DATA SHEET • CLA4603-085LF: SURFACE MOUNT LIMITER DIODE
EQ
Skyworks Part #
3
3
1
Orientation
Indicator
1
2
Figure 9. Typical Case Markings
(Top View)
0.5 ± 0.15
2 ± 0.2
Exposed Pad
Detail B
2 ± 0.2
1.7 ± 0.15
1
3
2
0.90 ± 0.1
Orientation
Indicator
Top View
Side View
Bottom View
1
3
0.4 ± 0.1
2
0.27 ± 0.15
Detail B
All dimensions in millimeters
S1632
Figure 10. CLA4603-085LF QFN Package Dimension Drawing
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • [email protected] • www.skyworksinc.com
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DATA SHEET • CLA4603-085LF SURFACE MOUNT LIMITER DIODE
∅1.50+ 0.10/–0.00
0.30 ± 0.05 (T)
Pin #1
4.00 ± 0.10
2.00 ± 0.05
4.00 (see Note 4)
1.75 ± 0.10
2.30 (Bo)
A
B
1.00 (Ko)
2.30 (Ao)
8.00 +0.30/–0.10
A
3.50 ± 0.05
B
∅1.00 Min.
R0.30 Typ.
B
Notes:
1. Carrier tape: black conductive polystyrene.
2. Cover tape material: transparent conductive HSA.
3. Cover tape size: 5.40 mm width.
4. Ten sprocket hole pitch cumulative tolerance = ±0.20 mm.
5. ESD surface resistivity is ≤1 x 108 Ohms/square per EIA, JEDEC
tape and reel specification.
6. Ao and Bo measurement point to be 0.30 mm from bottom pocket.
7. All measurements are in millimeters.
A
S1601
Figure 11. CLA4603-085LF Tape and Reel Dimensions
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • [email protected] • www.skyworksinc.com
201637G • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice • November 12, 2014
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DATA SHEET • CLA4603-085LF: SURFACE MOUNT LIMITER DIODE
Ordering Information
Model Name
CLA4603-085LF : Surface Mount Limiter Diode
Manufacturing Part Number
CLA4603-085LF
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