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PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
2.50
Features
 3- to 16-bit data width
 Four SPI operating modes
 Bit rate up to 18 Mbps [1]
General Description
The SPI Master component provides an industry-standard, 4-wire master
SPI interface. It can also provide a 3-wire (bidirectional) SPI interface. Both interfaces support all
four SPI operating modes, allowing communication with any SPI slave device. In addition to the
standard 8-bit word length, the SPI Master supports a configurable 3- to 16-bit word length for
communicating with nonstandard SPI word lengths. SPI signals include:





Serial Clock (SCLK)
Master In, Slave Out (MISO)
Master Out, Slave In (MOSI)
Bidirectional Serial Data (SDAT)
Slave Select (SS)
When to Use the SPI Master
You can use the SPI Master component any time the PSoC device must interface with one or
more SPI slave devices. In addition to “SPI slave” labeled devices, the SPI Master can be used
with many devices implementing a shift-register-type serial interface.
You should use the SPI Slave component in instances in which the PSoC device must
communicate with an SPI master device. You should use the Shift Register component in
situations where its low-level flexibility provides hardware capabilities not available in the SPI
Master component.
1
This value is valid only for the case when High Speed Mode Enable option is set (see DC and AC Electrical
Characteristics for details). Otherwise maximum bit rate value is 9 Mbps.
Cypress Semiconductor Corporation • 198 Champion Court • San Jose, CA 95134-1709 • 408-943-2600
Document Number: 001-96814 Rev. *C
Revised February 16, 2016
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
Input/Output Connections
This section describes the various input and output connections for the SPI component. An
asterisk (*) in the list of I/Os indicates that the I/O may be hidden on the symbol under the
conditions listed in the description of that I/O.
miso – Input *
The miso input carries the Master In Slave Out (MISO) signal from a slave device. This input is
visible when the Data Lines parameter is set to MOSI + MISO. If visible, this input must be
connected.
sdat – Inout *
The sdat inout carries the Serial Data (SDAT) signal. This input is used when the Data Lines
parameter is set to Bidirectional.
Note Bidirectional Mode provides internal loopback functionality, so in each of two modes the
other direction is still active (filling or emptying their buffers).
Figure 1. SPI Bidirectional Mode (data transmission from Master to Slave)
SPI Master
SPI Slave
SDAT
Tx Shift Register
Rx Shift Register
Tx Shift Register
ENB
ENB
Rx Shift Register
“0”
“1”
SCLK
Control Logic
Control Logic
SS
Internal loopback
Figure 2. SPI Bidirectional Mode (data transmission from Slave to Master)
SPI Master
SPI Slave
SDAT
Tx Shift Register
ENB
Rx Shift Register
Control Logic
“0”
Tx Shift Register
ENB
“1”
SCLK
Rx Shift Register
Control Logic
SS
Internal loopback
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PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
Initial component’s state in Bi-directional Mode is Rx mode or Data transmission from Slave to
Master as it is shown on Figure 2. SPIM_TxEnable() and SPIM_Tx_Disable() API functions
should be used to switch between Rx and Tx mode.
clock – Input *
The clock input defines the bit rate of the serial communication. The bit rate is one-half the input
clock frequency.
The clock input is visible when the Clock Selection parameter is set to External Clock. If
visible, this input must be connected. If you select Internal Clock, then you must define the
desired data bit rate; the required clock is solved and provided by PSoC Creator.
reset – Input
Resets the SPI state machine to the idle state. This throws out any data that was currently being
transmitted or received but does not clear data from the FIFO that has already been received or
is ready to be transmitted. The reset input may be left floating with no external connection. If
nothing is connected to the reset line, the component will assign it a constant logic 0.
mosi – Output *
The mosi output carries the Master Out Slave In (MOSI) signal from the master device on the
bus. This output is visible when the Data Lines parameter is set to MOSI + MISO.
sclk– Output
The sclk output carries the Serial Clock (SCLK) signal. It provides the master synchronization
clock output to the slave devices on the bus.
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Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
ss – Output
The ss output is hardware controlled. It carries the Slave Select (SS) signal to the slave devices
on the bus. The master assigns the slave select output after data has been written into the TX
FIFO and keeps it active as long as there are data elements to transmit. It becomes inactive
when all data elements have been transmitted from the TX FIFO and shifter register. Note this
can happen even in the middle of the transfer if the TX FIFO is not loaded fast enough by CPU
or DMA. To overcome this behavior the slave select can be controlled by firmware.
Figure 3 illustrates slave select outputs controlled by firmware. The control register is used to
control the slave select output. Before starting the transfer, the control register must be written to
the active slave select line, and then returned to the inactive state after the transfer has been
completed.
Figure 3. Firmware Controlled Slave Selects
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PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
Figure 4 illustrates control of multiple slave select outputs. The control register defines which
demultiplexer output is active. The inverters are added to keep the slave select polarity activelow.
Figure 4. Slave Select Output to Demultiplexer
The following figure illustrates the timing correlation between SS and SCLK.
Figure 5. SS and SCLK Timing Correlation
CPHA =0:
SCLK
SS
1 SCLK period
0.5 SCLK
period
CPHA =1:
SCLK
SS
1 SCLK period
0.5 SCLK
period
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Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
rx_interrupt – Output
The interrupt output is the logical OR of the group of possible Rx interrupt sources. This signal
will go high while any of the enabled Rx interrupt sources are true.
tx_interrupt – Output
The interrupt output is the logical OR of the group of possible Tx interrupt sources. This signal
will go high while any of the enabled Tx interrupt sources are true.
Schematic Macro Information
By default, the PSoC Creator Component Catalog contains Schematic Macro implementations
for the SPI Master component. These macros contain already connected and adjusted input and
output pins and clock source. Schematic Macros are available both for 4-wire (Full Duplex) and
3-wire (Bidirectional) SPI interfacing.
Figure 6. 4-Wire (Full Duplex) Interfacing Schematic Macro
Figure 7. 3-Wire (Bidirectional) Interfacing Schematic Macro
Note If you do not use a Schematic Macro, configure the Pins component to deselect the Input
Synchronized parameter for each of the assigned input pins (MISO or SDAT inout). The
parameter is located under the Pins > Input tab of the applicable Pins Configure dialog.
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PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
Component Parameters
Drag an SPI Master component onto the design. Double click the component symbol to open the
Configure dialog.
The following sections describe the SPI Master parameters and how they are configured using
the Configure dialog. They also indicate whether the options are implemented in hardware or
software.
Hardware versus Software Options
Hardware configuration options change the way the project is synthesized and placed in the
hardware. You must rebuild the hardware if you make changes to any of these options. Software
configuration options do not affect synthesis or placement. When setting these parameters
before build time you are setting their initial value, which can be modified at any time with the
provided APIs. Hardware-only parameters are marked with an asterisk (*).
Configure Tab
The Configure tab contains basic parameters required for every SPI component. These
parameters are the first ones that appear when you open the Configure dialog.
Note The sample signal in the waveform is not an input or output of the system; it only indicates
when the data is sampled at the master and slave for the mode settings selected.
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Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Mode *
The Mode parameter defines the clock phase and clock polarity mode you want to use in the
communication. These modes are defined in the following table. See Modes section for more
information.
CPHA
CPOL
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
Data Lines
The Data Lines parameter defines which interface is used for SPI communication – 4-wire
(MOSI + MISO) or 3-wire (Bidirectional).
Data Bits *
The number of Data Bits defines the bit width of a single transfer as transferred with the
SPIM_ReadRxData() and SPIM_WriteTxData() functions. The default number of bits is a single
byte (8 bits). Any integer from 3 to 16 is a valid setting.
Shift Direction *
The Shift Direction parameter defines the direction in which the serial data is transmitted. When
set to MSB First, the most-significant bit is transmitted first. This is implemented by shifting the
data left. When set to LSB First, the least-significant bit is transmitted first. This is implemented
by shifting the data right.
Bit Rate *
If the Clock Selection parameter (on the Advanced tab) is set to Internal Clock, the Bit Rate
parameter defines the SCLK speed in Hertz. The clock frequency of the internal clock will be 2x
the SCLK rate. This parameter has no affect if the Clock Selection parameter is set to External
Clock.
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PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
Advanced Tab
The Advanced tab contains parameters that provide additional functionality.
Clock Selection *
The Clock Selection parameter allows you to choose between an internally configured clock or
an externally configured clock for data rate and SCLK generation. When set to Internal Clock,
the required clock frequency is calculated and configured by PSoC Creator based on the Bit
Rate parameter. When set to External Clock, the component does not control the data rate but
will display the expected bit rate based on the user-connected clock source. If this parameter is
set to Internal Clock, the clock input is not visible on the symbol.
Note When setting the bit rate or external clock frequency value, make sure that PSoC Creator
can provide this value using the current system clock frequency. Otherwise, a warning about the
clock accuracy range is generated while building the project. This warning contains the actual
clock value set by PSoC Creator. Choose whether the system clock or component clock should
be changed to fit the clocking system requirements and achieve an optimal value.
RX Buffer Size *
The RX Buffer Size parameter defines the size (in bytes/words) of memory allocated for a
circular data buffer. If this parameter is set to 1 to 4, the fourth byte/word of the FIFO is
implemented in the hardware. Values 1 to 3 are available only for compatibility with the previous
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Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
versions; using them causes an error icon to display that the value is incorrect. All other values
up to 255 bytes/words use the 4-byte/word FIFO and a memory array controlled by the supplied
API.
TX Buffer Size *
The TX Buffer Size parameter defines the size (in bytes/words) of memory allocated for a
circular data buffer. If this parameter is set to 1 to 4, the fourth byte/word of the FIFO is
implemented in the hardware. Values 1 to 3 are available only for compatibility with the previous
versions; using them causes an error icon to display that the value is incorrect. All other values
up to 255 use the 4-byte/word FIFO and a memory array controlled by the supplied API.
Using the Software Buffer
Selecting Rx/Tx Buffer Size values greater than 4 allows you to use the Rx/Tx circular software
buffers. The internal interrupt handler is used when you select the Tx/Rx software buffer option.
Its main purpose is to provide interaction between software and hardware Tx/Rx buffers. In the
initial state, the BufferRead and BufferWrite pointers point to the zero element of the software
buffer. After writing the first data, the BufferWrite pointer moves to the first element of the
software buffer and points to writing data; the BufferRead pointer stays on the zero element. As
the buffers work, the pointers move to the next buffer elements. The BufferWrite pointer points to
the last written data. The BufferRead pointer points to the oldest data that has not been read.
Software buffer overflow can happen without any overflow indication. You must handle any
software buffer overflow situation.
You should also consider that using the software buffer leads to greater timing intervals between
transmitted words because of the extra time the interrupt handler needs to execute (depending
on the selected bus clock value). When setting timing intervals between transmitted words, use
DMA along with a hardware buffer.
Enable High Speed Mode
The Enable High Speed Mode parameter allows enlarging of the maximum bit rate value up to
18 mbps (see DC and AC electrical characteristics section for details).
Enable TX / RX Internal Interrupt
The Enable TX / RX Internal Interrupt options allow you to use the predefined Tx and Rx ISRs
of the SPI Master component, or supply your own custom ISRs. If enabled, you may add your
own code to these predefined ISRs if small changes are required. If the internal interrupt is
deselected, you may supply an external interrupt component with custom code connected to the
interrupt outputs of the SPI Master.
If the Rx or Tx buffer size is greater than 4, the component automatically sets the appropriate
parameters, as the internal ISR is needed to handle transferring data from the hardware FIFO to
the Rx buffer, the Tx buffer, or both. The interrupt output pins of the SPI master are always
visible and usable, outputting the same signal that goes to the internal interrupt. This output can
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PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
then be used as a DMA request source or as a digital signal to be used as required in the
programmable digital system.
Notes

When Rx buffer size is greater than 4 bytes/words, the ‘RX FIFO NOT EMPTY’ interrupt is
always enabled and cannot be disabled, because it causes incorrect buffer functionality.

When Tx buffer size is greater than 4 bytes/words, the ‘TX FIFO NOT FULL’ interrupt is
always enabled and cannot be disabled, because it causes incorrect buffer functionality.

For buffer sizes greater than 4 bytes/words, the SPI slave and global interrupt must be
enabled for proper buffer handling.
Interrupts
The Interrupts selection parameters allow you to configure the internal events that are enabled
to cause an interrupt. Interrupt generation is a masked OR of all of the enabled Tx and Rx status
register bits. The bits chosen with these parameters define the mask implemented with the initial
component configuration.
Clock Selection
When the internal clock configuration is selected, PSoC Creator calculates the needed frequency
and clock source, and generates the clocking resource needed for implementation. Otherwise,
you must supply the clock component and calculate the required clock frequency. That
frequency is 2x the desired bit rate and SCLK frequency.
Note When setting the bit rate or external clock frequency value, make sure that PSoC Creator
can provide this value by using the current system clock frequency. Otherwise, a warning about
the clock accuracy range is generated while building the project. This warning contains the real
clock value set by PSoC Creator. Choose whether the system clock or component clock should
be changed to fit the clocking system requirements and achieve an optimal value.
Document Number: 001-96814 Rev. *C
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PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
Application Programming Interface
Application Programming Interface (API) routines allow you to configure the component using
software at runtime. The following table lists and describes the interface to each function. The
subsequent sections cover each function in more detail.
By default, PSoC Creator assigns the instance name “SPIM_1” to the first instance of a
component in a given design. You can rename the instance to any unique value that follows the
syntactic rules for identifiers. The instance name becomes the prefix of every global function
name, variable, and constant symbol for the instance. For readability, the instance name used in
the following table is “SPIM.”
Functions
Function
Description
SPIM_Start()
Calls both SPIM_Init() and SPIM_Enable(). Should be called the first time the
component is started.
SPIM_Stop()
Disables SPI Master operation.
SPIM_EnableTxInt()
Enables the internal Tx interrupt irq.
SPIM_EnableRxInt()
Enables the internal Rx interrupt irq.
SPIM_DisableTxInt()
Disables the internal Tx interrupt irq.
SPIM_DisableRxInt()
Disables the internal Rx interrupt irq.
SPIM_SetTxInterruptMode()
Configures the Tx interrupt sources enabled.
SPIM_SetRxInterruptMode() Configures the Rx interrupt sources enabled.
SPIM_ReadTxStatus()
Returns the current state of the Tx status register.
SPIM_ReadRxStatus()
Returns the current state of the Rx status register.
SPIM_WriteTxData()
Places a byte/word in the transmit buffer which will be sent at the next available bus
time.
SPIM_ReadRxData()
Returns the next byte/word of received data available in the receive buffer.
SPIM_GetRxBufferSize()
Returns the size (in bytes/words) of received data in the Rx memory buffer.
SPIM_GetTxBufferSize()
Returns the size (in bytes/words) of data waiting to transmit in the Tx memory
buffer.
SPIM_ClearRxBuffer()
Clears the Rx buffer memory array and Rx FIFO of all received data.
SPIM_ClearTxBuffer()
Clears the Tx buffer memory array or Tx FIFO of all transmit data. Note Tx FIFO
will be cleared only if software buffer is not used.
SPIM_TxEnable()
If configured for bidirectional mode, sets the SDAT inout to transmit.
SPIM_TxDisable()
If configured for bidirectional mode, sets the SDAT inout to receive.
SPIM_PutArray()
Places an array of data into the transmit buffer.
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PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Function
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
Description
SPIM_ClearFIFO()
Clears any received data from the Rx hardware FIFO.
SPIM_Sleep()
Prepares SPI Master component for low-power modes by calling
SPIM_SaveConfig() and SPIM_Stop() functions.
SPIM_Wakeup()
Restores and re-enables the SPI Master component after waking from low-power
mode.
SPIM_Init()
Initializes and restores the default SPI Master configuration.
SPIM_Enable()
Enables the SPI Master to start operation.
SPIM_SaveConfig()
Empty function. Included for consistency with other components.
SPIM_RestoreConfig()
Empty function. Included for consistency with other components.
void SPIM_Start(void)
Description:
This function calls both SPIM_Init() and SPIM_Enable(). This should be called the first time
the component is started.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
None
void SPIM_Stop(void)
Description:
Disables SPI Master operation by disabling the internal clock and internal interrupts, if the
SPI Master is configured that way.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
None
void SPIM_EnableTxInt(void)
Description:
Enables the internal Tx interrupt irq.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
None
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PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
void SPIM_EnableRxInt(void)
Description:
Enables the internal Rx interrupt irq.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
None
void SPIM_DisableTxInt(void)
Description:
Disables the internal Tx interrupt irq.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
None
void SPIM_DisableRxInt(void)
Description:
Disables the internal Rx interrupt irq.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
None
void SPIM_SetTxInterruptMode(uint8 intSrc)
Description:
Configures which status bits trigger an interrupt event.
Parameters:
uint8 intSrc: Bit field containing the interrupts to enable.
Bit
Description
SPIM_INT_ON_SPI_DONE
Enable interrupt due to SPI done
SPIM_INT_ON_TX_EMPTY
Enable interrupt due to Tx FIFO empty
SPIM_INT_ON_TX_NOT_FULL
Enable interrupt due to Tx FIFO not full
SPIM_INT_ON_BYTE_COMP
Enable interrupt due to byte/word complete
SPIM_INT_ON_SPI_IDLE
Enable interrupt due to SPI IDLE
Based on the bit-field arrangement of the Tx status register. This value must be a
combination of Tx status register bit masks defined in the header file.
For more information, see Defines.
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
None
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PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
void SPIM_SetRxInterruptMode(uint8 intSrc)
Description:
Configures which status bits trigger an interrupt event.
Parameters:
uint8 intSrc: Bit field containing the interrupts to enable.
Bit
Description
SPIM_INT_ON_RX_FULL
Enable interrupt due to Rx FIFO Full
SPIM_INT_ON_RX_NOT_EMPTY
Enable interrupt due to Rx FIFO Not Empty
SPIM_INT_ON_RX_OVER
Enable interrupt due to Rx Buf Overrun
Based on the bit-field arrangement of the Rx status register. This value must be a
combination of Rx status register bit masks defined in the header file.
For more information, see Defines.
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
None
uint8 SPIM_ReadTxStatus(void)
Description:
Returns the current state of the Tx status register. For more information, see Status Register
Bits.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
uint8: Current Tx status register value
Bit
Side Effects:
Description
SPIM_STS_SPI_DONE
SPI done
SPIM_STS_TX_FIFO_EMPTY
Tx FIFO empty
SPIM_STS_TX_FIFO_NOT_FULL
Tx FIFO not full
SPIM_STS_BYTE_COMPLETE
Byte/Word complete
SPIM_STS_SPI_IDLE
SPI IDLE
Tx Status register bits are cleared on read.
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PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
uint8 SPIM_ReadRxStatus(void)
Description:
Returns the current state of the Rx status register. For more information, see Status Register
Bits.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
uint8: Current Rx status register value
Bit
Side Effects:
Description
SPIM_STS_RX_FIFO_FULL
Rx FIFO Full
SPIM_STS_RX_FIFO_NOT_EMPTY
Rx FIFO Not Empty
SPIM_STS_RX_FIFO_OVERRUN
Rx Buf Overrun
Rx Status register bits are cleared on read.
void SPIM_WriteTxData(uint8/uint16 txData)
Description:
Places a byte/word in the transmit buffer to be sent at the next available SPI bus time.
Parameters:
uint8/uint16 txData: The data value to transmit from the SPI.
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
Data may be placed in the memory buffer and will not be transmitted until all other previous
data has been transmitted. This function blocks until there is space in the output memory
buffer.
Clears the Tx status register of the component.
uint8/uint16 SPIM_ReadRxData(void)
Description:
Returns the next byte/word of received data available in the receive buffer.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
uint8/uint16: The next byte/word of data read from the FIFO.
Side Effects:
Returns invalid data if the FIFO is empty. Call SPIM_GetRxBufferSize(), and if it returns a
nonzero value then it is safe to call the SPIM_ReadRxData() function.
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PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
uint8 SPIM_GetRxBufferSize(void)
Description:
Returns the number of bytes/words of received data currently held in the Rx buffer.

If the Rx software buffer is disabled, this function returns 0 = FIFO empty or 1 = FIFO not
empty.

If the Rx software buffer is enabled, this function returns the size of data in the Rx
software buffer. FIFO data not included in this count.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
uint8: Integer count of the number of bytes/words in the Rx buffer.
Side Effects:
Clears the Rx status register of the component.
uint8 SPIM_GetTxBufferSize(void)
Description:
Returns the number of bytes/words of data ready to transmit currently held in the Tx buffer.

If Tx software buffer is disabled, this function returns 0 = FIFO empty, 1 = FIFO not full,
or 4 = FIFO full.

If the Tx software buffer is enabled, this function returns the size of data in the Tx
software buffer. FIFO data not included in this count.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
uint8: Integer count of the number of bytes/words in the Tx buffer
Side Effects:
Clears the Tx status register of the component.
void SPIM_ClearRxBuffer(void)
Description:
Clears the Rx buffer memory array and Rx hardware FIFO of all received data. Clears the
Rx RAM buffer by setting both the read and write pointers to zero. Setting the pointers to
zero indicates that there is no data to read. Thus, writing resumes at address 0, overwriting
any data that may have remained in the RAM.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
Any received data not read from the RAM buffer and FIFO is lost when overwritten by new
data.
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Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
void SPIM_ClearTxBuffer(void)
Description:
Clears the Tx buffer memory array of data waiting to transmit. Clears the Tx RAM buffer by
setting both the read and write pointers to zero. Setting the pointers to zero indicates that
there is no data to transmit. Thus, writing resumes at address 0, overwriting any data that
may have remained in the RAM.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
If the software buffer is used, it does not clear data already placed in the Tx FIFO. Any data
not yet transmitted from the RAM buffer is lost when overwritten by new data.
void SPIM_TxEnable(void)
Description:
If the SPI Master is configured to use a single bidirectional pin, this sets the bidirectional pin
to transmit.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
None
void SPIM_TxDisable(void)
Description:
If the SPI master is configured to use a single bidirectional pin, this sets the bidirectional pin
to receive.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
None
void SPIM_PutArray(const uint8/uint16 buffer[], uint8 byteCount)
Description:
Places an array of data into the transmit buffer
Parameters:
const uint8 buffer[]: Pointer to the location in RAM containing the data to send
uint8byteCount: The number of bytes/words to move to the transmit buffer.
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
The system will stay in this function until all data has been transmitted to the buffer. This
function is blocking if there is not enough room in the Tx buffer. It may get locked in this loop
if data is not being transmitted by the master and the Tx buffer is full.
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PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
void SPIM_ClearFIFO(void)
Description:
Clears any data from the Tx and Rx FIFOs.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
Clears status register of the component.
void SPIM_Sleep(void)
Description:
Prepares SPI Master to enter low-power mode . Calls SPIM_SaveConfig() and SPIM_Stop()
functions.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
None
void SPIM_Wakeup (void)
Description:
Restores SPI Master configuration after exit low-power mode. Calls SPIM_RestoreConfig()
and SPIM_Enable() functions. Clears all data from Rx buffer, Tx buffer and hardware FIFOs.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
None
void SPIM_Init(void)
Description:
Initializes or restores the component according to the customizer Configure dialog settings.
It is not necessary to call SPIM_Init() because the SPIM _Start() routine calls this function
and is the preferred method to begin component operation.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
When this function is called, it initializes all of the necessary parameters for execution.
These include setting the initial interrupt mask, configuring the interrupt service routine,
configuring the bit-counter parameters, and clearing the FIFO and Status Register.
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Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
void SPIM_Enable(void)
Description:
Enables SPI Master for operation. Starts the internal clock if the SPI Master is configured
that way. If it is configure for an external clock it must be started separately before calling
this function. The SPIM_Enable() function should be called before SPI Master interrupts are
enabled. This is because this function configures the interrupt sources and clears any
pending interrupts from device configuration, and then enables the internal interrupts if there
are any. A SPIM_Init() function must have been previously called.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
None
void SPIM_SaveConfig(void)
Description:
Empty function. Included for consistency with other components.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
None
void SPIM_RestoreConfig(void)
Description:
Empty function. Included for consistency with other components.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
None
Global Variables
Variable
SPIM_initVar
Description
Indicates whether the SPI Master has been initialized. The variable is initialized to 0
and set to 1 the first time SPIM_Start() is called. This allows the component to restart
without reinitialization after the first call to the SPIM_Start() routine.
If reinitialization of the component is required, then the SPIM_Init() function can be
called before the SPIM_Start() or SPIM_Enable() function.
SPIM_txBufferWrite
Transmits buffer location of the last data written into the buffer by the API.
SPIM_txBufferRead
Transmits buffer location of the last data read from the buffer and transmitted by SPI
Master hardware.
SPIM_rxBufferWrite
Receives buffer location of the last data written into the buffer after received by SPI
Master hardware.
SPIM_rxBufferRead
Receives buffer location of the last data read from the buffer by the API.
Page 20 of 41
Document Number: 001-96814 Rev. *C
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
Variable
Description
SPIM_rxBufferFull
Indicates the software buffer has overflowed.
SPIM_rxBuffer[]
Used to store received data.
SPIM_txBuffer[]
Used to store data for sending.
Defines

SPIM_TX_INIT_INTERRUPTS_MASK – Defines the initial configuration of the interrupt
sources chosen in the Configure dialog. This is a mask of the bits in the Tx status
register that have been enabled at configuration as sources for the interrupt. See Status
Register Bits for bit-field details.

SPIM_RX_INIT_INTERRUPTS_MASK – Defines the initial configuration of the interrupt
sources chosen in the Configure dialog. This is a mask of the bits in the Rx status
register that have been enabled at configuration as sources for the interrupt. See Status
Register Bits for bit-field details.
Status Register Bits
SPIM_TXSTATUS
Bits
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Value
Interrupt
Unused
Unused
SPI IDLE
Byte/Word
Complete
Tx FIFO
Not Full
Tx FIFO.
Empty
SPI Done
SPIM_RXSTATUS
Bits
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Value
Interrupt
Rx Buf.
Overrun
Rx FIFO
Not
Empty
Rx FIFO
Full
Unused
Unused
Unused
Unused




Byte/Word Complete: Set when a byte/word of data transmit has completed.
Rx FIFO Overrun: Set when Rx Data has overrun the 4-byte/word FIFO without being
moved to the Rx buffer memory array (if one exists)
Rx FIFO Not Empty: Set when the Rx Data FIFO is not empty. That is, at least one
byte/word is in the Rx FIFO (does not indicate the Rx buffer RAM array conditions).
Rx FIFO Full: Set when the Rx Data FIFO is full (does not indicate the Rx buffer RAM
array conditions).
Document Number: 001-96814 Rev. *C
Page 21 of 41
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master




PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Tx FIFO Not Full: Set when the Tx Data FIFO is not full (does not indicate the Tx buffer
RAM array conditions).
Tx FIFO Empty: Set when the Tx Data FIFO is empty (does not indicate the Tx buffer
RAM array conditions).
SPI Done: Set when all of the data in the transmit FIFO has been sent. This may be used
to signal a transfer complete instead of using the byte/word complete status. (Set when
Byte/Word Complete has been set and Tx Data FIFO is empty.)
SPI IDLE: Set when the SPI Master state machine is in the IDLE State. This is the default
state after the component starts. It is also the next state after SPI Done. IDLE is still set
until Tx FIFO Not Empty status has been detected.
SPIM_TX_BUFFER_SIZE
Defines the amount of memory to allocate for the Tx memory array buffer. This does not include
the four bytes/words included in the FIFO. If this value is greater than 4, interrupts are
implemented that move automatically data to the FIFO from the circular memory buffer.
SPIM_RX_BUFFER_SIZE
Defines the amount of memory to allocate for the Rx memory array buffer. This does not include
the four bytes/words included in the FIFO. If this value is greater than 4, interrupts are
implemented that automatically move data from the FIFO to the circular memory buffer.
SPIM_DATA_WIDTH
Defines the number of bits per data transfer chosen in the Configure dialog.
Macro Callbacks
Macro callbacks allow users to execute code from the API files that are automatically generated
by PSoC Creator. Refer to the PSoC Creator Help and Component Author Guide for the more
details.
In order to add code to the macro callback present in the component’s generated source files,
perform the following:



Define a macro to signal the presence of a callback (in cyapicallbacks.h). This will
“uncomment” the function call from the component’s source code.
Write the function declaration (in cyapicallbacks.h). This will make this function visible by
all the project files.
Write the function implementation (in any user file).
Page 22 of 41
Document Number: 001-96814 Rev. *C
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
Callback Function [2]
Associated Macro
Description
SPIM_TX_ISR_EntryCallback
SPIM_TX_ISR_ENTRY_CALLBACK
Used at the beginning of the SPIM_TX_ISR() interrupt
handler to perform additional application-specific
actions.
SPIM_TX_ISR_ExitCallback
SPIM_TX_ISR_EXIT_CALLBACK
Used at the end of the SPIM_TX_ISR() interrupt
handler to perform additional application-specific
actions.
SPIM_RX_ISR_EntryCallback
SPIM_RX_ISR_ENTRY_CALLBACK
Used at the beginning of the SPIM_RX_ISR() interrupt
handler to perform additional application-specific
actions.
SPIM_RX_ISR_ExitCallback
SPIM_RX_ISR_EXIT_CALLBACK
Used at the end of the SPIM_RX_ISR() interrupt
handler to perform additional application-specific
actions.
Sample Firmware Source Code
PSoC Creator provides numerous example projects that include schematics and example code
in the Find Example Project dialog. For component-specific examples, open the dialog from the
Component Catalog or an instance of the component in a schematic. For general examples,
open the dialog from the Start Page or File menu. As needed, use the Filter Options in the
dialog to narrow the list of projects available to select.
Refer to the “Find Example Project” topic in the PSoC Creator Help for more information.
MISRA Compliance
This section describes the MISRA-C:2004 compliance and deviations for the component. There
are two types of deviations defined:


project deviations – deviations that are applicable for all PSoC Creator components
specific deviations – deviations that are applicable only for this component
This section provides information on component-specific deviations. Project deviations are
described in the MISRA Compliance section of the System Reference Guide along with
information on the MISRA compliance verification environment.
2
The callback function name is formed by component function name optionally appended by short explanation
and “Callback” suffix.
Document Number: 001-96814 Rev. *C
Page 23 of 41
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
The SPI Master component has the following specific deviations:
MISRAC:2004
Rule
19.7
Rule Class
(Required/
Advisory)
A
Rule Description
Description of Deviation(s)
A function should be used in preference to a Deviated since function-like macros are
function-like macro.
used to allow more efficient code.
The component uses macros with input
parameters:
SPIM_GET_STATUS_TX()
SPIM_GET_STATUS_RX()
This component has the following embedded component: Clock. Refer to the corresponding
component datasheet for information on their MISRA compliance and specific deviations.
API Memory Usage
The component memory usage varies significantly, depending on the compiler, device, number
of APIs used and component configuration. The following table provides the memory usage for
all APIs available in the given component configuration.
The measurements have been done with associated compiler configured in Release mode with
optimization set for Size. For a specific design the map file generated by the compiler can be
analyzed to determine the memory usage.
PSoC 3 (Keil_PK51)
PSoC 5LP (GCC)
Flash
SRAM
Flash
SRAM
Bytes
Bytes
Bytes
Bytes
8-bit (MOSI+MISO)
366
5
558
3
8-bit (Bidirectional)
366
5
566
3
16-bit (MOSI+MISO)
433
5
588
3
16-bit (Bidirectional)
425
5
584
3
8-bit High Speed (MOSI+MISO)
366
5
558
3
8-bit High Speed (Bidirectional)
364
5
562
3
16-bit High Speed (MOSI+MISO)
433
5
588
3
16-bit High Speed (Bidirectional)
433
5
596
3
Configuration
Page 24 of 41
Document Number: 001-96814 Rev. *C
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
Functional Description
Block Diagram and Configuration
The SPI Master is only available as a UDB configuration. The registers are described here to
define the hardware implementation of the SPI Master.
The implementation is described in the following block diagram.
CPU Access
miso
mosi
TX/RX
Shift
Register
BitCounter
clock*
reset
Clock 2x
Bit-Rate
Control Logic
Document Number: 001-96814 Rev. *C
sclk
ss
Page 25 of 41
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Default Configuration
The default configuration for the SPI Master is as an 8-bit SPI Master with (CPHA = 0 CPOL = 0)
configuration. By default, the Internal clock is selected with a bit rate of 1 Mbps.
Modes
The following four waveforms show the component’s status bits and the signal values that they
assume during data transmission. They are based on the assumption that five data bytes are
transmitted (four bytes are written to the SPI Master’s Tx buffer at the beginning of transmission
and the fifth is thrown after the first byte has been loaded into the A0 register). The numbers in
circles on the waveforms represent the following events:
1. Tx FIFO Empty is cleared when four bytes are written to the Tx buffer.
2. Tx FIFO Not Full is cleared because Tx FIFO is full after four bytes are written.
3. SPI IDLE state bit is cleared because of bytes detected in the Tx buffer.
4. Tx FIFO Not Full status is set when the first byte has been loaded into the A0 register and
cleared after the fifth byte has been written to the empty place in the Tx buffer.
5. Slave Select line is set low, indicating beginning of the transmission.
6. Tx FIFO Not Full status is set when the second bit is loaded to the A0. Rx Not Empty
status is set when the first received byte is loaded into the Rx buffer. Byte/Word Complete
is also set.
7. Tx FIFO Empty status is set at the moment that the last byte to be sent is loaded into the
A0 register (to simplify, this is not shown in detail).
8. At the moment the fourth byte is received, Rx FIFO Full is set along with Byte/Word
Complete.
9. Byte/Word Complete, SPI Done, and Rx Overrun are set because all bytes have been
transmitted and an attempt to load data into the full Rx buffer has been detected.
10. SS line is set high to indicate that transmission is complete. SPI IDLE state is also set.
11. Rx FIFO Full is cleared when the first byte has been read from the Rx buffer and Rx FIFO
Empty is set when all of them have been read.
Page 26 of 41
Document Number: 001-96814 Rev. *C
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
SPI Master Mode:(CPHA = 0, CPOL = 0)
This mode has the following characteristics:
1-st
End of 4-th byte
transmission
byte transmission
End of 5-th byte
transmission
2x clock
SCLK
1
MOSI/MISO
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
8
1
1
8
5
SPI IDLE
10
3
SS
1
7
4
TX FIFO EMPTY
2
8
TX FIFO NOT FULL
11
RX FIFO FULL
RX FIFO NOT
EMPTY
6
9
RX FIFO
OVERRUN
BYTE/WORD
COMPLETE
SPI DONE
SPI Master Mode: (CPHA = 0, CPOL = 1)
This mode has the following characteristics:
1-st
End of 4-th byte
transmission
byte transmission
End of 5-th byte
transmission
2x clock
SCLK
1
MOSI/MISO
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
8
1
1
8
10
5
3
SS
SPI IDLE
1
7
4
TX FIFO EMPTY
2
8
TX FIFO NOT FULL
11
RX FIFO FULL
RX FIFO NOT
EMPTY
RX FIFO
OVERRUN
6
9
BYTE/WORD
COMPLETE
SPI DONE
Document Number: 001-96814 Rev. *C
Page 27 of 41
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
SPI Master Mode: (CPHA = 1, CPOL = 0)
This mode has the following characteristics:
1-st
End of 4-th byte
transmission
byte transmission
End of 5-th byte
transmission
2x clock
SCLK
2
SS
SPI IDLE
2
1
MOSI/MISO
3
4
5
6
7
8
7
8
1
3
7 8
1
1
10
7
4
TX FIFO EMPTY
8
TX FIFO NOT FULL
11
6
9
RX FIFO FULL
RX FIFO NOT
EMPTY
5
RX FIFO
OVERRUN
BYTE/WORD
COMPLETE
SPI DONE
SPI Master Mode:(CPHA = 1, CPOL = 1)
This mode has the following characteristics:
1-st
End of 4-th byte
transmission
byte transmission
End of 5-th byte
transmission
2x clock
SCLK
2
SS
SPI IDLE
TX FIFO EMPTY
2
1
MOSI/MISO
3
4
5
6
7
7
8
1
1
7 8
10
1
7
4
8
TX FIFO NOT FULL
6
RX FIFO FULL
RX FIFO NOT
EMPTY
8
3
11
9
5
RX FIFO
OVERRUN
BYTE/WORD
COMPLETE
SPI DONE
Page 28 of 41
Document Number: 001-96814 Rev. *C
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
Registers
Tx Status Register
The Tx status register is a read-only register that contains the various transmit status bits defined
for a given instance of the SPI Master component. Assuming that an instance of the SPI Master
is named “SPIM,” you can get the value of this register using the SPIM_ReadTxStatus() function.
The interrupt output signal is generated by ORing the masked bit fields within the Tx status
register. You can set the mask using the SPIM_SetTxInterruptMode() function. Upon receiving
an interrupt, you can retrieve the interrupt source by reading the Tx status register with the
SPIM_ReadTxStatus () function.
Sticky bits in the Tx status register are cleared on reading, so the interrupt source is held until
the SPIM_ReadTxStatus() function is called. All operations on the Tx status register must use
the following defines for the bit fields, because these bit fields may be moved within the Tx status
register at build time. Sticky bits used to generate an interrupt or DMA transaction must be
cleared with either a CPU or DMA read to avoid continuously generating the interrupt or DMA.
There are several bit fields defined for the Tx status registers. Any combination of these bit fields
may be included as an interrupt source. The bit fields indicated with an asterisk (*) in the
following list are configured as sticky bits in the Tx status register. All other bits are configured as
real-time indicators of status. Sticky bits latch a momentary state so that they may be read at a
later time and cleared on read. The following #defines are available in the generated header file
(for example, SPIM.h):

SPIM_STS_SPI_DONE * – Set high as the data-latching edge of SCLK (edge is mode
dependent) is output. This happens after the last bit of the configured number of bits in a
single SPI word is output onto the MOSI line and the transmit FIFO is empty. Cleared
when the SPI Master is transmitting data or the transmit FIFO has pending data. Tells you
when the SPI Master is complete with a multi-word transaction.

SPIM_STS_TX_FIFO_EMPTY – Reads high while the transmit FIFO contains no data
pending transmission. Reads low if data is waiting for transmission.

SPIM_STS_TX_FIFO_NOT_FULL – Reads high while the transmit FIFO is not full and
has room to write more data. Reads low if the FIFO is full of data pending transmit and
there is no room for more writes at this time. Tells you when it is safe to pend more data
into the transmit FIFO.

SPIM_STS_BYTE_COMPLETE * – Set high as the last bit of the configured number of
bits in a single SPI word is output onto the MOSI line. Cleared* as the data latching edge
of SCLK (edge is mode dependent) is output.

SPIM_STS_SPI_IDLE * – This bit is set high as long as the component state machine is
in the SPI IDLE state (component is waiting for Tx data and is not transmitting any data).
Document Number: 001-96814 Rev. *C
Page 29 of 41
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
RX Status Register
The Rx status register is a read-only register that contains the various receive status bits defined
for the SPI Master. You can get the value of this register using the SPIM_ReadRxStatus()
function.
The interrupt output signal is generated by ORing the masked bit fields within the Rx status
register. You can set the mask using the SPIM_SetRxInterruptMode() function. Upon receiving
an interrupt, you can retrieve the interrupt source by reading the Rx status register with the
SPIM_ReadRxStatus () function.
Sticky bits in the Rx status register are cleared on reading, so the interrupt source is held until
the SPIM_ReadRxStatus() function is called. All operations on the Rx status register must use
the following defines for the bit fields, because these bit fields may be moved within the Rx
status register at build time. Sticky bits used to generate an interrupt or DMA transaction must be
cleared with either a CPU or DMA read to avoid continuously generating the interrupt or DMA.
There are several bit fields defined for the Rx status register. Any combination of these bit fields
can be included as an interrupt source. The bit fields indicated with an asterisk (*) in the following
list are configured as sticky bits in the Rx status register. All other bits are configured as real-time
indicators of status. Sticky bits latch a momentary state so that they may be read at a later time
and cleared when read. The following #defines are available in the generated header file (for
example, SPIM.h):

SPIM_STS_RX_FIFO_FULL – Reads high when the receive FIFO is full and has no more
room to store received data. Reads low if the FIFO is not full and has room for additional
received data. Tells you if there is room for new received data to be stored.

SPIM_STS_RX_FIFO_NOT_EMPTY – Reads high when the receive FIFO is not empty.
Reads low if the FIFO is empty and has room for additional received data.

SPIM_STS_RX_FIFO_OVERRUN * – Reads high when the receive FIFO is already full
and additional data was written to it. Tells you if data has been lost from the FIFO
because of slow FIFO servicing.
Tx Data Register
The Tx data register contains the transmit data value to send. This is implemented as a FIFO in
the SPI Master. There is an optional higher-level software state machine that controls data from
the transmit memory buffer. It handles large amounts of data to be sent that exceed the FIFO’s
capacity. All APIs that involve transmitting data must go through this register to place the data
onto the bus. If there is data in this register and the control state machine indicates that data can
be sent, then the data is transmitted on the bus. As soon as this register (FIFO) is empty, no
more data will be transmitted on the bus until it is added to the FIFO. DMA can be set up to fill
this FIFO when empty, using the TXDATA_REG address defined in the header file.
Page 30 of 41
Document Number: 001-96814 Rev. *C
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
Rx Data Register
The Rx data register contains the received data. This is implemented as a FIFO in the SPI
Master. There is an optional higher-level software state machine that controls data movement
from this receive FIFO into the memory buffer. Typically, the Rx interrupt indicates that data has
been received. At that time, that data has several routes to the firmware. DMA can be set up
from this register to the memory array, or the firmware can simply call the SPIM_ReadRxData()
function. DMA must use the RXDATA_REG address defined in the header file.
Conditional Compilation Information
The SPI Master requires only one conditional compile definition to handle the 8- or 16-bit
datapath configuration necessary to implement the configured NumberOfDataBits. The API must
conditionally compile for the data width defined. APIs should never use these parameters directly
but should use the following define:

SPIM_DATA_WIDTH – This defines how many data bits will make up a single “byte”
transfer. Valid range is 3 to 16 bits.
Resources
The SPI Master component is placed throughout the UDB array. The component utilizes the
following resources.
Resource Type
Configuration
Datapath
Cells
Macrocells
Status
Cells
Control
Cells
DMA
Channels
Interrupts
8-bit (MOSI+MISO)
1
13
3
1
–
2
8-bit (Bidirectional)
1
13
3
2
–
2
16-bit (MOSI+MISO)
2
13
3
1
–
2
16-bit (Bidirectional)
2
13
3
2
–
2
8-bit High Speed
(MOSI+MISO)
1
18
3
1
–
2
8-bit High Speed
(Bidirectional)
1
18
3
2
–
2
16-bit High Speed
(MOSI+MISO)
2
18
3
1
–
2
16-bit High Speed
(Bidirectional)
2
18
3
2
–
2
Document Number: 001-96814 Rev. *C
Page 31 of 41
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
DC and AC Electrical Characteristics
Specifications are valid for –40 °C ≤ TA ≤ 85 °C and TJ ≤ 100 °C, except where noted.
Specifications are valid for 1.71 V to 5.5 V, except where noted.
DC Characteristics
Parameter
IDD(8-bit)
Description
Min
Typ [3]
Max
Units [4]
Component current consumption (8-bit; MOSI+MISO)
Idle current[5]
–
20
–
µA/MHz
Operating current[6]
–
28
–
µA/MHz
Component current consumption (8-bit; Bidirectional)
Idle current[3]
–
21
–
µA/MHz
Operating current[4]
–
30
–
µA/MHz
Component current consumption (8-bit; High Speed; MOSI+MISO)
Idle current[3]
–
23
–
µA/MHz
Operating current[4]
–
34
–
µA/MHz
Component current consumption (8-bit; High Speed; Bidirectional)
IDD(16-bit)
Idle current[3]
–
27
–
µA/MHz
Operating current[4]
–
36
–
µA/MHz
Component current consumption (16-bit; MOSI+MISO)
Idle current[3]
–
23
–
µA/MHz
Operating current[4]
–
30
–
µA/MHz
Component current consumption (16-bit; Bidirectional)
Idle current[3]
–
25
–
µA/MHz
Operating current[4]
–
32
–
µA/MHz
Component current consumption (16-bit; High Speed; MOSI+MISO)
Idle current[3]
–
27
–
µA/MHz
Operating current[4]
–
38
–
µA/MHz
3.
Device IO and clock distribution current not included. The values are at 25 °C.
4.
Current consumption is specified with respect to the incoming component clock.
5.
Current consumed by component while it is enabled but not transmitting/receiving data.
6.
Current consumed by component while it is enabled and transmitting/receiving data.
Page 32 of 41
Document Number: 001-96814 Rev. *C
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Parameter
Description
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
Typ [3]
Min
Units [4]
Max
Component current consumption (16-bit; High Speed; Bidirectional)
Idle current[3]
–
30
–
µA/MHz
Operating current[4]
–
40
–
µA/MHz
AC Characteristics
Min
Typ
Max [7]
Units
8-bit (MOSI+MISO)
–
–
9
MHz
8-bit (Bidirectional)
–
–
9
MHz
16-bit (MOSI+MISO)
–
–
8
MHz
16-bit (Bidirectional)
–
–
8
MHz
8-bit High Speed (MOSI+MISO)
–
–
18
MHz
8-bit High Speed (Bidirectional)
–
–
18
MHz
16-bit High Speed (MOSI+MISO)
–
–
16
MHz
16-bit High Speed (Bidirectional)
–
–
16
MHz
fCLOCK
Component clock frequency
–
2 × fSCLK
–
MHz
tCKH
SCLK high time
–
0.5
–
1/fSCLK
tCKL
SCLK low time
–
0.5
–
1/fSCLK
tS_MISO [8]
MISO input setup time
25
–
–
ns
tH_MISO
MISO input hold time
–
0
–
ns
tSS_SCLK
SS active to SCLK active
-20
20
ns
tSCLK_SS
SCLK inactive to SS inactive
-20
20
ns
Parameter
fSCLK
Description
SCLK frequency
7
The maximum component clock frequency is derived from tSCLK_MISO in combination with the routing path delays
of the SCLK input and the MISO output (described later in this document). These “Nominal” numbers provide a
maximum safe operating frequency of the component under nominal routing conditions. It is possible to run the
component at higher clock frequencies, at which point you will need to validate the timing requirements with STA
results.
8
Condition: 3.3V < VDDIO < 5.0V for SPI master pins. This parameter is changed when VDDIO is out of condition
range. Check STA results to get actual parameter value.
Document Number: 001-96814 Rev. *C
Page 33 of 41
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
Figure 8. Mode CPHA = 0 Timing Diagram
tCLK_SCLK
INTERNAL
CLOCK
tSS_SCLK
tCKH
tCKL
tCKL
tCKH
tSCLK_SS
SCLK
(CPOL=0)
SCLK
(CPOL=1)
SS
tS_MISO
N
(0)
MOSI (SDAT)
N-1
(1)
0
(N)
1
(N-1)
N
(0)
N-1
(1)
0
(N)
1
(N-1)
tH_MISO
N
(0)
MISO (SDAT)
N-1
(1)
0
(N)
1
(N-1)
N
(0)
N-1
(1)
Byte/Word #1
0
(N)
1
(N-1)
Byte/Word #2
Figure 9. Mode CPHA = 1 Timing Diagram
tCLK_SCLK
INTERNAL
CLOCK
tSS_SCLK
tCKH
tCKL
tCKL
tCKH
tSCLK_SS
SCLK
(CPOL=0)
SCLK
(CPOL=1)
SS
tS_MISO
MOSI (SDAT)
N
(0)
N-1
(1)
1
(N-1)
0
(N)
N
(0)
N-1
(1)
1
(N-1)
0
(N)
tH_MISO
MISO (SDAT)
N
(0)
N-1
(1)
Byte/Word #1
Page 34 of 41
1
(N-1)
0
(N)
N
(0)
N-1
(1)
1
(N-1)
0
(N)
Byte/Word #2
Document Number: 001-96814 Rev. *C
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
How to Use STA Results for Characteristics Data
Nominal route maximums are gathered through multiple test passes with Static Timing Analysis
(STA). You can calculate the maximums for your designs using the STA results with the
following mechanisms:
fSCLK
The maximum frequency of SCLK (or the maximum bit rate) is not provided directly in
the STA. However, the data provided in the STA results indicates some of the internal
logic timing constraints. To calculate the maximum bit rate, you must consider several
factors. You will need board layout and slave communication device specs to fully
understand the maximum. The main limiting factor in this parameter is the round trip
path delay from the falling edge of SCLK at the pin of the master, to the slave and the
path delay of the MISO output of the slave back to the master.
Figure 10 Calculating Maximum fSCLK Frequency
MISO Sample at
Master
tCLK_SCLK(master)
@ Master
Internal
CLOCK
tS_MISO(master)
@ Master Pin SCLK
SCLKPD_PCB
@ Slave Pin SCLK
tPD_SCLK(slave)
@ Slave Internal SCLK
tSCLK_MISO(slave)
@ Slave Internal
MISO
N
(0)
N-1
(1)
tPD_MISO(slave)
@ Slave pin
N
(0)
MISO
N-1
(1)
MISOPD_PCB
@ Master pin
N
(0)
MISO
N-1
(1)
In this case, the component must meet the setup time of MISO at the Master using the
equation below:
tRT_PD < 1 / { [½ × fSCLK] – tCLK_SCLK(master) – tS_MISO(master)}
-- OR -fSCLK < 1 / {2 * [TRT_PD + tCLK_SCLK(master) + tS_MISO(master)] }
Where:
tCLK_SCLK(master) is the path delay of the input CLK to the SCLK output. This is provided in
the STA results clock to output section as shown below:
Document Number: 001-96814 Rev. *C
Page 35 of 41
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
tS_MISO(Master) is the path delay from MISO input pin to internal logic of the master
component. This is provided in the STA results input to clock section as shown below:
For High Speed Mode setup time equation is as follows:
tRT_PD < 1 / { [ fSCLK] – tCLK_SCLK(master) – tS_MISO(master)}
-- OR -fSCLK < 1 / { [TRT_PD + tCLK_SCLK(master) + tS_MISO(master)] }
Note There are two values in the report: setup times to the component clock at register
A0 and register A1. You should select the larger one for calculation.
And tRT_PD is defined as:
tRT_PD = [SCLKPD_PCB + tPD_SCLK(slave) + tSCLK_MISO(slave) + tPD_MISO(slave) + MISOPD_PCB]
and:
SCLKPD_PCB is the PCB path delay of SCLK from the pin of the master component to the
pin of the slave component.
tPD_SCLK(slave) + tSCLK_MISO(slave) + tPD_MISO(slave) must come from the slave device datasheet.
MISOPD_PCB is the PCB path delay of MISO from the pin of the slave component to the
pin of the master component.
The final equation that provides the maximum frequency of SCLK, and therefore the
maximum bit rate, is:
fSCLK (Max.) = 1 / {2 × [tCLK_SCLK(master) + SCLKPD_PCB + tPD_SCLK(slave) + tSCLK_MISO(slave) +
tPD_MISO(slave) + MISOPD_PCB + tS_MISO(master)] }
For High Speed Mode:
fSCLK (Max.) = 1 / { [tCLK_SCLK(master) + SCLKPD_PCB + tPD_SCLK(slave) + tSCLK_MISO(slave) + tPD_MISO(slave) +
MISOPD_PCB + tS_MISO(master)] }
Page 36 of 41
Document Number: 001-96814 Rev. *C
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
fCLOCK
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
Maximum component clock frequency is provided in Timing results in the clock
summary as the IntClock (if internal clock is selected) or the named external clock. An
example of the internal clock limitations from the STA report file is shown below:
Its value is limited to either 2x of the fCLOCK or by the number from the STA report but in
practice the limitation is 2x of the fCLOCK.
tCKH
The SPI Master component generates a 50-percent duty cycle SCLK.
tCKL
The SPI Master component generates a 50-percent duty cycle SCLK.
tCLK_SCLK Internal clock to SCLK output time. Time from posedge of Internal Clock to SCLK
available on master pin.
tS_MISO
To meet the setup time of the internal logic, MISO must be valid at the pin, before
Internal clock is valid at the pin, by this amount of time.
tH_MISO
To meet the hold time of the internal logic, MISO must be valid at the pin, after Internal
clock is valid at the pin, by this amount of time.
tSS_SCLK To meet the internal functionality of the block, Slave Select (SS) must be valid at the pin
before SCLK is valid at the pin, by this parameter.
tSCLK_SS Maximum - To meet the internal functionality of the block. Slave Select (SS) must be
valid at the pin after the last falling edge of SCLK at the pin, by this parameter.
Component Changes
This section lists the major changes in the component from the previous version.
Version
Description of Changes
Reason for Changes / Impact
2.50.c
Updated Figure 5.
Correct data is : tSS_SCLK is 1 SCLK period at
CPHA = 0, and tSS_SCLK is 0.5 SCLK period at
CPHA = 1
2.50.b
Datasheet update.
Added Macro Callbacks section.
2.50.a
Edited the datasheet.
Updated description of the ss – Output.
Updated footnote for the tS_MISO parameter.
Document Number: 001-96814 Rev. *C
Page 37 of 41
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
Version
2.50
Description of Changes
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Reason for Changes / Impact
Updated the FIFO source signals of the status
register for component implementation when
Data Bits greater than 8 bits.
The FIFO signals connected to status register were
taken from the wrong place. This can cause the
incorrect data transmitting in case when Data Bits
greater than 8 bits.
Edited the datasheet.
Updated the table in Resources section.
Removed Errata section.
2.40.d
Edited the datasheet.
Updated the table in Resources section.
Document that the reset input may be left floating
with no external connection.
2.40.c
Edited datasheet to add Component Errata
section.
Document that the component was changed, but
there is no impact to designs.
2.40.b
Edited the datasheet.
Updated the diagram in Configure tab section.
Updates to sections to comply with template.
2.40.a
Edited the datasheet.
Removed references to obsolete PSoC 5 device.
2.40
Added MISRA Compliance section.
The component has specific deviations described.
Added SPIM_rxBufferFull set to zero into all
APIs that clear RX buffer.
The software RX buffer was not clean properly after
overflow occurred.
Added all component APIs with the
CYREENTRANT keyword when they are
included in the .cyre file.
Not all APIs are truly reentrant. Comments in the
component API source files indicate which functions
are candidates.
2.30
This change is required to eliminate compiler
warnings for functions that are not reentrant used in a
safe way: protected from concurrent calls by flags or
Critical Sections.
Added PSoC 5LP support
Added DC characteristics section to datasheet
2.21
High Speed Mode functionality is added. Fixed
SPI Modes diagrams
Verilog implementation is updated to allow maximum
bit rate up to 18 Mbps. Added details to description
of Bi-directional Mode. SPI Modes diagrams changed
to hide Rx data as internal implementation details.
Description of High Speed Mode is added to
“Advanced Tab” section. “Resources”, “AC and DC
electrical Characteristics” and “How to use STA
results for Characteristics data” sections are updated
with data related to High Speed Mode.
2.20
Internal clock component has been updated
with cy_clock_v1_60. Fixed verilog defect that
caused STA warning.
Clock v1_60 is the latest component version. Verilog
defect fixed to remove STA warning founded using
the updated STA tool. Screenshots in “AC and DC
electrical characteristics” section are updated by
report generated by the new STA tool.
2.10.a
Datasheet corrections (CPHA = 1 Diagrams for
modes where CPHA = 1 corrected)
Datasheet defects fixed
Page 38 of 41
Document Number: 001-96814 Rev. *C
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Version
2.10
Description of Changes
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
Reason for Changes / Impact
Data Bits range is changed from 2 to 16 bits to
3 to 16.
Changes related to status synchronization issues
fixed in current version.
“Interrupt on SPI Idle” checkbox is added to the
component configure dialog.
Component customizer defect fixed
“Byte transfer complete” checkbox name is
changed to the “Byte/Word transfer complete”
To fit the real meaning
Added characterization data to datasheet
Minor datasheet edits and updates
2.0.a
Moved component into subfolders of the
component catalog.
2.0
Added SPIM_Sleep()/SPIM_Wakeup() and
SPIM_Init()/SPIM_Enable APIs.
To support low-power modes, and to provide
common interfaces to separate control of initialization
and enabling of most components.
Number and positions of component I/Os have
been changed:
The clock input was added for consistency with SPI
Slave.

The clock input is now visible in default
placement (external clock source is the
default setting now)
The reset input place changed because the clock
input was added. Two status interrupt registers (Tx
and Rx) are now presented instead of one shared.

The reset input has a different position

The interrupt output was removed.
rx_interrupt, tx_interrupt outputs are added
instead.
These changes be taken into account to prevent
binding errors when migrating from previous SPI
versions
Removed SPIM_EnableInt(),
SPIM_DisableInt(), SPIM_SetInterruptMode(),
and SPIM_ReadStatus() APIs.
Added SPIM_EnableTxInt(),
SPIM_EnableRxInt(), SPIM_DisableTxInt(),
SPIM_DisableRxInt(),
SPIM_SetTxInterruptMode(),
SPIM_SetRxInterruptMode(),
SPIM_ReadTxStatus(), SPIM_ReadRxStatus()
APIs.
The removed APIs are obsolete because the
component now contains Rx and Tx interrupts
instead of one shared interrupt. Also updated the
interrupt handler implementation for Tx and Rx
Buffer.
Renamed SPIM_ReadByte(),
Clarifies the APIs and how they should be used.
SPIM_WriteByte()APIs to SPIM_ReadRxData(),
SPIM_WriteTxData().
Document Number: 001-96814 Rev. *C
Page 39 of 41
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
Version
Description of Changes
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Reason for Changes / Impact
The following changes were made to the base SPI Master component B_SPI_Master_v2_0, which is implemented
using Verilog:
spim_ctrl internal module was replaced by a
new state machine.
It uses fewer hardware resources and does not
contain any asynchronous logic.
Two status registers are now presented (status
are separate for Tx and Rx) instead of using
one common status register for both.
/*SPI_Master_v1_20 status bits*/
SPIM_STS_SPI_DONE_BIT = 3'd0;
SPIM_STS_TX_FIFO_EMPTY_BIT = 3'd1;
Fixed a defect found in previous versions of the
component where software buffers were not working
as expected.
SPIM_STS_TX_FIFO_NOT_FULL_BIT =
3'd2;
SPIM_STS_RX_FIFO_FULL_BIT = 3'd3;
SPIM_STS_RX_FIFO_NOT_EMPTY_BIT =
3'd4;
SPIM_STS_RX_FIFO_OVERRUN_BIT =
3'd5;
SPIM_STS_BYTE_COMPLETE_BIT = 3'd6;
/*SPI_Master_v2_0 status bits*/
localparam SPIM_STS_SPI_DONE_BIT =
3'd0;
localparam
SPIM_STS_TX_FIFO_EMPTY_BIT = 3'd1;
localparam
SPIM_STS_TX_FIFO_NOT_FULL_BIT =
3'd2;
localparam
SPIM_STS_BYTE_COMPLETE_BIT = 3'd3;
localparam SPIM_STS_SPI_IDLE_BIT =
3'd4;
localparam
SPIM_STS_RX_FIFO_FULL_BIT = 3'd4;
localparam
SPIM_STS_RX_FIFO_NOT_EMPTY_BIT =
3'd5;
localparam
SPIM_STS_RX_FIFO_OVERRUN_BIT =
3'd6;
Page 40 of 41
Document Number: 001-96814 Rev. *C
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Version
Description of Changes
‘BidirectMode’ boolean parameter is added to
base component.
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Master
Reason for Changes / Impact
Added Bidirectional Mode support to the component
Control Register with ‘clock’ input and SYNC
mode bit is now selected to drive ‘tx_enable’
output for PSoC 3 Production silicon. Control
Register w/o clock input drives ‘tx_enable’ when
ES2 silicon is selected.
Bufoe component is used on component
schematic to support Bidirectional Mode. MOSI
output of base component is connected to
bufoe ‘x’ input. ‘yfb’ is connected to 'miso' input.
Bufoe ‘y’ output is connected to 'sdat' output
terminal.
Routed reset is connected to datapaths,
Counter7 and State Machine.
udb_clock_enable component is added to
Verilog implementation with sync = `TRUE`
parameter.
New requirements for all clocks used in Verilog to
indicate functionality so the tool can support
synchronization and Static Timing Analysis.
‘*2’ is replaced by ‘<< 1’ in Counter7 period
value.
Verilog improvements.
Maximum Bit Rate value is changed to 10 Mbps Bit Rate value more than 10 Mbps is not supported
(verified during the component characterization)
Description of the Bidirectional Mode is added
Data sheet defect fixed
Reset input description now contains the note
about ES2 silicon incompatibility
Data sheet defect fixed
Timing correlation diagram between SS and
SCLk signals is changed
Data sheet defect fixed
Sample firmware source code is removed
Reference to the component example project is
added instead
SPI Modes diagrams are changed (Tx and Rx
FIFO status values are added)
Data sheet defect fixed
© Cypress Semiconductor Corporation, 2015-2016. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice. Cypress Semiconductor Corporation assumes no responsibility for the
use of any circuitry other than circuitry embodied in a Cypress product. Nor does it convey or imply any license under patent or other rights. Cypress products are not warranted nor intended to
be used for medical, life support, life saving, critical control or safety applications, unless pursuant to an express written agreement with Cypress. Furthermore, Cypress does not authorize its
products for use as critical components in life-support systems where a malfunction or failure may reasonably be expected to result in significant injury to the user. The inclusion of Cypress
products in life-support systems application implies that the manufacturer assumes all risk of such use and in doing so indemnifies Cypress against all charges.
PSoC® is a registered trademark, and PSoC Creator™ and Programmable System-on-Chip™ are trademarks of Cypress Semiconductor Corp. All other trademarks or registered trademarks
referenced herein are property of the respective corporations.
Any Source Code (software and/or firmware) is owned by Cypress Semiconductor Corporation (Cypress) and is protected by and subject to worldwide patent protection (United States and
foreign), United States copyright laws and international treaty provisions. Cypress hereby grants to licensee a personal, non-exclusive, non-transferable license to copy, use, modify, create
derivative works of, and compile the Cypress Source Code and derivative works for the sole purpose of creating custom software and or firmware in support of licensee product to be used only in
conjunction with a Cypress integrated circuit as specified in the applicable agreement. Any reproduction, modification, translation, compilation, or representation of this Source Code except as
specified above is prohibited without the express written permission of Cypress.
Disclaimer: CYPRESS MAKES NO WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, WITH REGARD TO THIS MATERIAL, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Cypress reserves the right to make changes without further notice to the materials described herein.
Cypress does not assume any liability arising out of the application or use of any product or circuit described herein. Cypress does not authorize its products for use as critical components in lifesupport systems where a malfunction or failure may reasonably be expected to result in significant injury to the user. The inclusion of Cypress' product in a life-support systems application
implies that the manufacturer assumes all risk of such use and in doing so indemnifies Cypress against all charges.
Use may be limited by and subject to the applicable Cypress software license agreement.
Document Number: 001-96814 Rev. *C
Page 41 of 41
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