CMPPRG 001-13262.pdf

Programmable Threshold Comparator Datasheet CMPPRG V 3.3
001-13262 Rev. *H
Programmable Threshold Comparator
Copyright © 2001-2015 Cypress Semiconductor Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
PSoC® Blocks
Resources
Digital
Analog CT
API Memory (Bytes)
Analog SC
flash
RAM
Pins (per
External I/O)
CY8C29/27/24/22xxx, CY8C23x33, CY7C64215, CY8CLED04/08/16, CY8CLED0xD, CY8CLED0xG,
CY8CTST120, CY8CTMG120, CY8CTMA120, CY8C28x45, CY8CPLC20, CY8CLED16P01, CY8C28x43,
CY8C28x52
0
1
0
52
0
1
For one or more fully configured, functional example projects that use this user module go to
www.cypress.com/psocexampleprojects.
Features and Overview
„ Programmable threshold and reference
„ Direct connection to digital PSoC block and interrupt
„ Programmable speed and power
Cypress Semiconductor Corporation
Document Number: 001-13262 Rev. *H
•
198 Champion Court
•
San Jose, CA 95134-1709
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408-943-2600
Revised March 12, 2015
Programmable Threshold Comparator
The CMPPRG User Module provides a comparison of the selected input against a programmable
reference threshold. This user module has considerable flexibility in input and reference connections.
Speed of the comparator is adjusted by programming the power level of the opamp in the PSoC block.
Figure 1.
CMPPRG Block Diagram
Functional Description
The comparator is formed from a continuous time opamp with the internal compensation capacitor
disabled. The positive input is connected to the input multiplexer. The negative input is connected to the
tap of a resistive divider between Vdd and the selected reference, LowLimit.
The threshold value of the comparator is determined by the following equation.
Equation 1
When LowLimit is connected to AGND, there is an error term due to offset voltage from the analog ground
buffer within the PSoC block. When LowLimit is connected to Vss, this error term is zero and thresholds
will be slightly more accurate.
The input range and the RefValue (effective threshold) are limited, by the common mode input range of the
continuous time opamp. See the DC and AC Electrical Characteristics section for Input Voltage Range
and Output Swing parameters. An additional amplifier follows the continuous time opamp, to provide full
logic levels and fast rise times for digital blocks.
The output polarity follows the inputs (i.e., a positive input greater than the negative input to the
comparator results in a positive output logic level). The response time of the comparator is determined by
the amount of over-drive and the power level programmed.
Document Number: 001-13262 Rev. *H
Page 2 of 11
Programmable Threshold Comparator
The output of the comparator can be accessed in two ways, the direct analog output from the comparator
can be switched onto the AnalogBus, then passed to an analog buffer to drive an output pin. The
comparator logic output can be switched onto the CompBus to drive the enable inputs of digital blocks, the
interrupt controller, and a register that can be read by the CPU.
The analog column clock is required to latch the output of the comparator to the comparator register
(CMP_CR0). The frequency of the column clock should be selected to be at least two to four times faster
than the bandwidth of the incoming comparator signal. If the analog column clock is set to low, the
comparator may not catch fast input transients.
DC and AC Electrical Characteristics
The following values are indicative of expected performance and based on initial characterization data.
Unless otherwise specified in the following tables, TA = 25°C, Vdd = 5.0V, Power HIGH, Opamp bias
LOW, LowLimit = Vss.
Table 1.
5.0V CMPPRG DC Electrical Characteristics, CY8C29/27/24/22xxxFamily of PSoC Devices
Parameter
Typical
Limit
Units
Conditions and Notes
Threshold
Ref=0.75
0.87
--
%
Ref=0.5
0.40
--
%
Ref=0.125
0.44
--
%
Voltage Gain
10
--
V/mV
--
Vss to Vdd
V
Leakage1
1
--
nA
Input Capacitance
3
--
pF
Output Swing
0.05 to Vdd-0.05
--
V
Low Power
148
--
µA
Med Power
545
--
µA
High Power
2100
--
µA
Deviation from nominal relative
to Vdd
Input
Input Voltage Range
Operating Current
Table 2.
5.0V CMPPRG AC Electrical Characteristics, CY8C29/27/24/22xxxFamily of PSoC Devices
Parameter
Typical
Limit
Units
100 mV step at input
Response Time2
Low Power
5.0
--
µs
Med Power
3.5
--
µs
High Power
1.2
--
µs
Document Number: 001-13262 Rev. *H
Conditions and Notes
Internal
Page 3 of 11
Programmable Threshold Comparator
The following values are indicative of expected performance and based on initial characterization data.
Unless otherwise specified in the following tables, TA = 25°C, Vdd = 3.3V, Power HIGH, Opamp bias
LOW, LowLimit = Vss.
Table 3.
3.3V CMPPRG DC Electrical Characteristics, CY8C29/27/24/22xxxFamily of PSoC Devices
Parameter
Typical
Limit
Units
Conditions and Notes
Threshold
Ref=0.75
0.41
--
%
Ref=0.5
0.33
--
%
Ref=0.125
0.85
--
%
Voltage Gain
10
--
V/mV
--
Vss to Vdd
V
Leakage1
1
--
nA
Input Capacitance
3
--
pF
Output Swing
0.05 to Vdd-0.05
--
V
Low Power
136
--
µA
Med Power
524
--
µA
High Power
2100
--
µA
Deviation from nominal relative
to Vdd
Input
Input Voltage Range
Operating Current
Table 4.
3.3V CMPPRG AC Electrical Characteristics, CY8C29/27/24/22xxxFamily of PSoC Devices
Parameter
Typical
Limit
Units
Conditions and Notes
100 mV step at input
Response Time2
Low Power
5
--
µs
Med Power
2
--
µs
High Power
0.6
--
µs
Internal
Electrical Characteristics Notes
1. Includes I/O pin.
2. Based upon device simulation.
3. Typical values represent parametric norm at +25°C. Limits are guaranteed by testing or statistical analysis.
4. Reference input offset voltage algebraically added to selected reference voltage low limit.
5. Response time on internal connection to digital blocks includes load of internal analog bus if enabled.
Document Number: 001-13262 Rev. *H
Page 4 of 11
Programmable Threshold Comparator
Figure 2.
Threshold Voltage versus RefValue, Power = HIGH
Placement
The COMP block maps freely onto any of the continuous time PSoC blocks in the device. However, if the
COMP AnalogBus output and the CompBus output are enabled onto their respective buses, care must be
exercised to ensure that no other user module tries to drive the same buses.
Parameters and Resources
Input
The Input is selectable from one of six sources. These include the pin input multiplexer, analog CT
block outputs, SC block outputs, internal reference, and the analog output bus. The specific inputs
available vary with the placement of the user module on the chip as shown in the Device Editor.
LowLimit
The reference LowLimit is selected from Analog Ground (AGND), Vss, connection to a continuous
time PSoC block, and connection to a switched capacitor PSoC block. AGND and Vss provide for
selection of fixed thresholds. Connection to adjacent CT or SC block provides an adjustable threshold.
Specific selection of reference from PSoC blocks is made in the Device Editor.
If the adjacent CT block used as LowLimit source, this block should be used in Gain mode (Gain bit
of CR0 register should be “1"). E.g. PGA UM gain should be equal to or greater than 1. Because
LowLimit input connected directly to adjacent block’s opamp output and if this block is in Loss mode
then the received LowLimit value is not correct (does not match the calculated value).
RefValue
The reference level is programmable in 6.25 percent steps between the reference LowLimit and Vdd.
When the reference low limit is selected at Vss and operating from a 5.00 volt supply, this sets reference values of 0.3125 volts to 5.00 volts, in 0.312 volt steps. When the reference low limit is selected
as AGND and analog ground is selected in PSoC Designer to be AGND +/- BandGap, the reference
can be set at AGND (2.600 V) + 0.150 volts to 5.00 volts, in 0.150 volt steps.
Document Number: 001-13262 Rev. *H
Page 5 of 11
Programmable Threshold Comparator
CompBus
The COMP block comparator output may be routed to the input bus of the digital PSoC blocks or to
an interrupt. The CompBus must be enabled to make any of these connections.
AnalogBus
The COMP block opamp output may be routed to the AnalogBus to provide a direct logic-out signal.
This signal is routed to an I/O pin through the Analog Buffer, so the rise time is limited by the slew rate
of the analog buffer. The rise time is approximately 3 µs. This may be acceptable for some slow logic
applications.
Application Programming Interface
The Application Programming Interface (API) routines are provided as part of the user module to allow the
designer to deal with the module at a higher level. This section specifies the interface to each function
together with related constants provided by the “include" files.
Note
In this, as in all user module APIs, the values of the A and X register may be altered by calling an API
function. It is the responsibility of the calling function to preserve the values of A and X prior to the call if
those values are required after the call. This “registers are volatile" policy was selected for efficiency
reasons and has been in force since version 1.0 of PSoC Designer. The C compiler automatically takes
care of this requirement. Assembly language programmers must ensure their code observes the policy,
too. Though some user module API function may leave A and X unchanged, there is no guarantee they
will do so in the future.
For Large Memory Model devices, it is also the caller's responsibility to preserve any value in the
CUR_PP, IDX_PP, MVR_PP, and MVW_PP registers. Even though some of these registers may not be
modified now, there is no guarantee that will remain the case in future releases.
CMPPRG_Start
Description:
Performs all required initialization for this user module and sets the power level for the continuous time
PSoC block. The comparator output will be driven.
C Prototype:
void
CMPPRG_Start(BYTE bPowerSetting)
Assembler:
mov
A, bPowerSetting
lcall CMPPRG_Start
Parameters:
bPowerSetting: One byte that specifies the power level to the analog PSoC block. Following reset and
configuration, the PSoC block assigned to the comparator is powered down. Symbolic names
provided in C and assembly, and their associated values, are given in the following table.
Document Number: 001-13262 Rev. *H
Page 6 of 11
Programmable Threshold Comparator
Symbolic Name
Value
CMPPRG_OFF
0
CMPPRG_LOWPOWER
1
CMPPRG_MEDPOWER
2
CMPPRG_HIGHPOWER
3
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
The A and X registers may be altered by this function.
CMPPRG_SetPower
Description:
Sets the power level for the continuous time PSoC block. The comparator output will be driven. May
be used to turn the block off and on.
C Prototype:
void
CMPPRG_SetPower(BYTE bPowerSetting)
Assembler:
mov
bPowerSetting
lcall CMPPRG_SetPower
Parameters:
bPowerSetting: One byte that specifies the power level to the analog PSoC block. Following reset and
configuration, the PSoC block assigned to the comparator is powered down. Symbolic names
provided in C and assembly, and their associated values, are given in the following table.
Symbolic Name
Value
CMPPRG_OFF
0
CMPPRG_LOWPOWER
1
CMPPRG_MEDPOWER
2
CMPPRG_HIGHPOWER
3
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
The A and X registers may be altered by this function.
Document Number: 001-13262 Rev. *H
Page 7 of 11
Programmable Threshold Comparator
CMPPRG_SetRef
Description:
Sets the reference value for the comparator.
C Prototype:
void
CMPPRG_SetRef(BYTE bRefValue)
Assembler:
mov
A, bRefValue
lcall CMPPRG_SetRef
Parameters:
bRefValue: Symbolic names provided in C and assembly and their associated values are given in the
following table. The values provide a comparator threshold at LowLimit + RefValue*(Vdd-LowLimit).
Symbolic Name
Value
Symbolic Name
Value
CMPPRG _REF1_000
F0h
CMPPRG _REF0_437
60h
CMPPRG _REF0_937
E0h
CMPPRG _REF0_375
50h
CMPPRG _REF0_875
D0h
CMPPRG _REF0_312
40h
CMPPRG _REF0_812
C0h
CMPPRG _REF0_250
30h
CMPPRG _REF0_750
B0h
CMPPRG _REF0_188
20h
CMPPRG _REF0_688
A0h
CMPPRG _REF0_125
10h
CMPPRG _REF0_625
90h
CMPPRG _REF0_062
00h
CMPPRG _REF0_562
80h
*CMPPRG _REF0_042
14h
CMPPRG _REF0_500
70h
*CMPPRG _REF0_021
04h
* These values are only applicable for the CY8C29/27/24/22xxxfamily of devices.
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
Comparator output will be driven. RefValue will be momentarily reset to 0.62, during routine, then
programmed to desired value. This may result in false reading from the comparator while the
RefValue is being changed. The A and X registers may be altered by this function.
CMPPRG_Stop
Description:
Powers the user module off. The outputs will not be driven.
C Prototype:
void
CMPPRG_Stop(void)
Document Number: 001-13262 Rev. *H
Page 8 of 11
Programmable Threshold Comparator
Assembler:
lcall
CMPPRG_Stop
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
The A and X registers may be altered by this function.
Sample Firmware Source Code
The sample code given here creates a comparator with the RefValue (threshold) set to 0.500, over-riding
the threshold value set in the PSoC Designer Device Editor.
;;----------------------------------------------------------------;; Sample Code for the CMPPRG
;; Turn on power and set RefValue (threshold) to 0.500.
;;
Sets RefValue to Vlowlimit + 0.5* Vdd-Vlowlimit
;;
= 3.75 V with 5.00 V supply
;;----------------------------------------------------------------export _main
include "m8c.inc"
include "CMPPRG.inc"
_main:
mov A, CMPPRG_REF0_500
call CMPPRG_SetRef
; specify RefValue
; update amplifier gain
mov A, CMPPRG_MEDPOWER
call CMPPRG_Start
; Place user code here
ret
; specify Comparator power level
; and turn it on
The same project written in C is as follows.
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------// Sample C Code for the CMPPRG
// Turn on power and set RefValue (threshold) to 0.500.
//
Sets RefValue to Vlowlimit + 0.5* Vdd-Vlowlimit
//
= 3.75 V with 5.00 V supply
//
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------#include <m8c.h>
// Part specific constants and macros
#include "PSoCAPI.h"
// PSoC API definitions for all User Modules
void main(void)
{
CMPPRG_SetRef(CMPPRG_REF0_500);
Document Number: 001-13262 Rev. *H
// Set RefValue
Page 9 of 11
Programmable Threshold Comparator
CMPPRG_Start(CMPPRG_MEDPOWER);
// Set power level and
// turn it on
// Place user code here
}
Configuration Registers
The basic topology of the comparator sets most of the bits in the register configuration for the analog CT
block that is used. Specific inputs available for comparison and reference are determined by user module
placement.
Table 5.
Block COMP, Register: CR0
Bit
Value
7
6
5
4
RefValue
3
1
2
0
1
0
LowLimit
RefValue is the reference value chosen as a percentage of Vdd-LowLimit and is set in PSoC Designer. It is
modified by calling the SetRef entry point in the API. LowLimit is the lower limit of the reference value
range and is set in PSoC Designer.
Table 6.
Block COMP, Register: CR1
Bit
Value
7
6
Analog Bus Comp Bus
5
1
4
0
3
0
2
1
0
Input
AnalogBus determines whether the COMP PSoC block drives the analog bus. CompBus determines
whether the COMP PSoC block drives the comparator bus. The value of these bit-fields are determined by
the choice made in user module Placement mode of the Device Editor subsystem.
Table 7.
Block COMP, Register: CR2
Bit
Value
7
0
6
1
5
0
4
0
3
0
2
0
1
0
Power
Power is set to ‘Off’ following the device reset and configuration. It is modified by calling Start, SetPower,
or Stop entry points in the API.
Table 8.
Block COMP, Register: CR3
Bit
Value
7
0
6
0
5
0
4
0
3
LPCMPEN 0
2
1
0
0
EXGAIN
LPCMPEN: Set to enable low power comparator mode.
EXGAIN: This bit is set automatically when either the 0.042 or 0.021 compare values are selected.
Document Number: 001-13262 Rev. *H
Page 10 of 11
Programmable Threshold Comparator
Version History
Version Originator
3.3
Note
DHA
Description
Added Version History.
PSoC Designer 5.1 introduces a Version History in all user module datasheets. This section documents high level descriptions of the differences between the current and previous user module versions.
Document Number: 001-13262 Rev. *H
Revised March 12, 2015
Page 11 of 11
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