DIODES ZSCT1555

PRECISION SINGLE CELL TIMER
ZSCT1555
ISSUE 3 - JULY 2006
DEVICE DESCRIPTION
These devices are precision timing circuits for
generation of accurate time delays or
oscillation. Advanced circuit design means that
these devices can operate from a single battery
cell with the minimum of quiescent current.
In monostable mode time delays are
controlled by a single resistor and capacitor
network. In astable mode the frequency and
du t y cy c l e c a n be a c c u r a t e l y an d
independently controlled with two external
resistors and one capacitor.
The threshold and trigger levels are normally
set as a proportion of VCC by internal resistors.
These levels can be programmed by the use
of the control input pin.
When the trigger input reduces to a value
below the trigger level, the flip-flop is set and
the output goes high. With the trigger input
above the trigger level and the threshold input
above the threshold level, the flip-flop is reset
and the output goes low. The reset pin has
priority over all the other inputs and is used
to start new timing cycles. A low on the reset
input causes the flip-flop to reset forcing the
output low. Whenever the output is forced
low then the internal discharge transistor is
turned on.
FEATURES
•
•
•
•
•
0.9V supply operating voltage guaranteed
Pin connections comparable with 555
series timers
Very low quiescent current 74 µA
SO8 and DIL8 packages
Operating temperature range
compatible with battery technologies
APPLICATIONS
•
•
Portable and battery powered
equipment
Low voltage and low power systems
SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM
8
VCC
CONTROL
5
6
THRESH
2
TRIGGER
7
DISCHARGE
3
OUTPUT
4
RESET
1
GND
Issue 3 - July 2006
© Zetex Semiconductors plc 2006
ZSCT1555
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Supply Voltage
Input Voltages
(Cont, Reset, Thres, Trig)
Output Current
Operating Temperature
Storage Temperature
9V
9V
100mA
-20 to 100°C
-55 to 150°C
Power Dissipation (Tamb=25°C)
DIL8
625mW
SO8
625mW
Recommended Operating Conditions
Supply Voltage
0.9V(min) 6V(max)
Input Voltages
6V(max)
(Cont, Reset, Thres, Trig)
Output Current
Sink
100mA(max)
Source
150µA(max)
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
TEST CONDITIONS (Unless otherwise stated):Tamb= 25°C,VCC= 1.5V
SYMBOL PARAMETER
LIMITS
CONDITIONS
MIN.
VCC
Supply Voltage
ICC
Supply Current
VTH
Threshold Voltage
0.9
Threshold Current (Note 1)
VTR
Trigger Voltage
VCC= 5V
ITR
Trigger Current
tPD
Trigger Propagation delay
VRS
Reset Voltage
IRS
Reset Current
IDS
74
150
no load
VCC= 5V, no load
VCC= 5V
ITH
TYP.
UNITS
MAX.
6
V
120
200
µA
1.195 1.22
3.9
4
1.245 V
4.1
0
20
100
nA
0.2
0.57
0.25
0.62
0.3
0.67
V
-35
-100
nA
0
Delay from trigger
to output
µs
2
0.1
0.2
0.4
V
0
-5
-10
µA
Discharge switch Off-state
current
0
10
100
nA
VDS
Discharge switch On-state
voltage
0
IDS= 0.2mA
VCC= 5V, IDS= 0.3mA 0
180
240
225
350
mV
VCT
Control Voltage (Open Circuit)
Reset @ 0V
VCC= 5V
1.195 1.22
3.9
4
1.245 V
4.1
0
0
0
0
0.15
0.45
0.13
0.65
0.3
0.65
0.3
1
V
1.1
4.6
1.5
5
V
VOL
Output Voltage (Low)
IOL=10mA
IOL=50mA
VCC=5V, IOL=10mA
VCC=5V, IOL=100mA
VOH
Output Voltage (High)
1
IOH= 100µA
VCC= 5V, IOH= 150µA 4.5
Issue 3 - July 2006
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ZSCT1555
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (Continued)
TEST CONDITIONS (Unless otherwise stated):Tamb=25°C,VCC=1.5V
LIMITS
SYMBOL PARAMETER
CONDITIONS
tR
Output pulse rise time
CL= 10pF
VCC=5V, CL=10pF
1.6
1.2
µs
tF
Output pulse fall time
CL= 10pF
VCC=5V, CL=10pF
240
24
ns
∆tIA(m)
∆tV(m)
∆tT(m)
Timing error, Monostable
Initial accuracy (Note 2)
Drift with supply voltage
Drift with temperature
RA= 10 to 50 kΩ
RB= 10 to 50 kΩ
CT = 68nF
1.6
0.262
100
%
%/V
∆tIA(a)
∆tV(a)
∆tT(a)
Timing error, Astable
Initial accuracy (Note 2)
Drift with supply voltage
Drift with temperature
RA= 10 to 50 kΩ
RB= 10 to 50 kΩ
CT = 68nF
4.8
0.662
150
%
%/V
fA
Astable maximum frequency
MIN.
RA=20 kΩ
RB= 10 kΩ
CT =47pF
TYP.
UNITS
MAX.
ppm/°C
ppm/°C
330
kHz
Note 1: This will influence the maximum values of RA and RB (RAMAX=10MΩ,RBMAX=1.5MΩ)
Note 2: Is defined as the difference between the measured value and the average value of a
random sample taken on a batch basis
Issue 3 - July 2006
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ZSCT1555
5
Minimum Pulse Width (µs)
Minimum Pulse Width (µs)
TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Vcc=1.5v
Rout/Vcc = 1K
4
3
+100°C
+25°C
-20°C
2
1
0
0
5
Vcc=5v
Rout/Vcc = 1K
4
3
+100°C
+25°C
-20°C
2
1
0
0.1
0.1
0
0.2
Lowest Voltage Level of Trigger Pulse (xVcc)
Lowest Voltage Level of Trigger Pulse (xVcc)
Minimum Pulse Width Required for
Triggering
Minimum Pulse Width Required for
Triggering
8
Vcc=1.5v
Rout/Vcc=1K
Propagation Delay (µs)
Propagation Delay (µs)
5
+100°C
4
3
+25°C
-20°C
2
1
0
0
0.1
6
4
+100°C
+25°C
-20°C
2
0
0.2
Lowest Voltage Level of Trigger Pulse (xVcc)
Output Propagation Delay
Output Propagation Delay
200
1.05
Pulse Duration
relative to Vcc=5v
Supply Current (µA)
0.1
0
0.2
Lowest Voltage Level of Trigger Pulse (xVcc)
Vcc=5v
Rout/Vcc=1K
160
120
80
-20°C
+25°C
+100°C
40
1.00
0.95
0.90
0.85
0
0.80
0.0
1.0
2.0
3.0
4.0
5.0
Supply Voltage (V)
Supply Current v Supply Voltage
Issue 3 - July 2006
© Zetex Semiconductors plc 2006
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Supply Voltage (V)
Normalized Output Pulse Duration
v Supply Voltage
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ZSCT1555
TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS
1.0
0.5
Vcc=1.5v
0.4
Vcc - Vout (V)
0.8
Vcc - Vout (V)
Vcc=5v
0.6
-20°C
+25°C
+100°C
0.4
0.2
0.0
0.001
0.01
0.1
-20°C
+25°C
+100°C
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.0
0.001
1.0
-20°C
+25°C
+100°C
0.4
0.2
0.0
0.01
0.1
1
10
100
Low Level Output Voltage (V)
Low Level Output Voltage (V)
Vcc=1.5v
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.2
1.0
0.8
0.6
1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
-20°C
+25°C
+100°C
0.2
0.0
0.01
0.1
0.1
Sink Current (mA)
Discharge Transistor Voltage
v Sink Current
Issue 3 - July 2006
© Zetex Semiconductors plc 2006
1
Discharge Transistor Voltage (V)
Discharge Transistor Voltage (V)
-20°C
+25°C
+100°C
0.01
1
10
100
Output Low Voltage Drop v
Output Current
Vcc=1.5v
0.001
0.001
0.1
Low Level Output Current (mA)
Output Low Voltage Drop v
Output Current
1
1.0
Vcc=5v
Low Level Output Current (mA)
10
0.1
Output High Voltage Drop v
Output Current
Output High Voltage Drop v
Output Current
2.0
0.01
High Level Output Current (mA)
High-Level Output Current (mA)
10
Vcc=5v
1
-20°C
+25°C
+100°C
0.1
0.01
0.001
0.01
0.1
1
Sink Current (mA)
Discharge Transistor Voltage
v Sink Current
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ZSCT1555
FUNCTIONAL DIAGRAM
FUNCTIONAL TABLE
RESET
TRIGGER VALUE THRESHOLD
VOLTAGE
OUTPUT
DISCHARGE
SWITCH
Low
N/A
High
<VCC/5
N/A
Low
On
N/A
High
Off
High
>VCC/5
>4VCC/5
Low
On
High
>VCC/5
<4VCC/5
As Previously established
POWER DERATING TABLE
Package TA≤25°C
Power Rating
Derating Factor
Above TA=25°C
TA=70°C Power
Rating
TA=85°C Power
Rating
N8
625mW
6.25mW/°C
330mW
250mW
D8
625mW
6.25mW/°C
330mW
250mW
Issue 3 - July 2006
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ZSCT1555
APPLICATIONS INFORMATION
Many configurations of the ZSCT1555 are
possible. The following gives a selection of a
few of these using the most basic monostable
and astable connections. The final application
example in astable mode shows the device
optimum use for low voltage and power
economy in a single cell boost converter.
Monostable Operation
Figure 2
Figure 3 gives an easy selection of RA and CT
values for various time delays.
100
100k
RA
C - Capacitance (uF)
Figure 1 shows connection of the timer as a
one-shot whose pulse period is independent
of supply voltage. Initially the capacitor is held
discharged. The application of a negative
going trigger pulse sets an internal flip flop
which allows the capacitor to start to charge
up via RA and forces the output high. The
voltage on the capacitor increases for time t,
where t = 1.63RACT, at the end of this period
the voltage on the capacitor is 0.8 VCC. At this
point the flip flop resets, the capacitor is
discharged and the output is driven low.
10
1M
1
10M
0.1
0.01
0.001
10us 100us 1ms
Figure 3
10ms 100ms 1s
10s
Time Delay
This configuration of circuit can be used as a
frequency divider by adjusting the timing
period. Figure 4 indicates a divide by three.
Figure 1
Figure 2 shows the timing diagram for this
function. During the output high period
further trigger pulses are locked out however
the circuit can be reset by application of a
negative going pulse on the reset pin. Once
the output is driven low it remains in this state
until the application of the next trigger pulse.
If the reset function is not used then it is
recommended to connect to VCC to eliminate
any possibility of false triggering.
Issue 3 - July 2006
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Figure 4
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ZSCT1555
Figure 5 shows the monostable mode used as
a pulse width modulator. Here the trigger pin
is supplied with a continuous pulse train, the
resulting output pulse width is modulated by
a signal applied to the control pin.
Astable operation
The configuration of Figure 7 produces a free
running multivibrator circuit whose frequency
is independent of supply voltage. The ratio of
resistors RA and RB precisely sets the circuit
duty cycle. The capacitor is charged and
discharged between thresholds at 0.2VCC and
0.8VCC. Oscillation frequency (f) and duty cycle
(d) can be calculated using the following
equations:f = 0.62/(RA + 2RB)CT
d = RB /(RA + 2RB)
Figure 5
Figure 6 shows typical waveform examples.
Figure 7
Figure 8 shows the waveforms generated in
this mode of operation.
Figure 6
Figure 8
Issue 3 - July 2006
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ZSCT1555
Figure 9 gives an easy selection for RA, RB and
CT values.
Figure 11 shows the result of modulation with
a triangle wave input to the control pin.
C - Capacitance (uF)
100
100k
10
1M
1
10M
0.1
0.01
(RA+2RB)
0.001
0.1
1
10
100
1k
10k
100k
Free Running Frequency (Hz)
Figure 9
Figure 11
Similar to the PWM circuit of Figure 5 the astable
circuit can be configured with modulation of the
control input as shown in Figure 10. The result is a
pulse position modulated, PPM, circuit where the
pulse position is altered by the control input voltage.
Figure 10
Issue 3 - July 2006
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ZSCT1555
Figure 12
The circuit of Figure 12 shows the device in
astable mode operating as part of a single
cell boost converter. This circuit generates
a 5 volt supply from a single battery cell. The
circuit output voltage is maintained down
to 0.9 volts input and power economy is
optimised for extended battery life.
Issue 3 - July 2006
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