APLUS APE4108

A
PLUS MAKE YOUR PRODUCTION A-PLUS
APExx08 Series
DATA SHEET
APLUS
INTEGRATED CIRCUITS INC.
Address:
3 F-10, No. 32, Sec. 1, Chenggung Rd., Taipei,
Taiwan 115, R.O.C.
(115)台北市南港區成功路㆒段 32 號 3 樓之 10.
Sales E-mail:
sales@aplusinc.com.tw
TEL: 886-2-2782-9266
Technology E-mail:
service@aplusinc.com.tw
FAX: 886-2-2782-9255
WEBSITE : http: //www.aplusinc.com.tw
APExx08 Series
1.0 General Description
The APExx08 series are very low cost voice and melody synthesizer with 4-bits CPU. They have various
features including 4-bits ALU, ROM, RAM, I/O ports, timers, clock generator, voice and melody
synthesizer, and PWM (Direct drive) or D/A current outputs, etc. The audio synthesizer contains one
voice-channel and two melody-channels. Furthermore, they consist of 27 instructions in these devices.
With CMOS technology and halt function can minimize power dissipation. Their architectures are similar
to RISC, with two stages of instruction pipeline. They allow all instructions to be executed in a single
cycle, except for program branches and data table read instructions (which need two instruction cycles).
2.0 Features
(1) Single power supply can operate from 2.4V to 5.5V at 4MHz or 8MHz.
(2) Program ROM: 16k x 10 bits
(3) 1 set of 16-bits DPR can access up to 64k x 10 bits melody data memory space, and 1 set of 18-bits
VPR can access up to 256k x 10 bits voice data memory space.
Product
Voice Duration (sec) Voice Pointer (VPR) ROM Size (10-bit)
APE0508
5
14-bits
16k
APE1008
10
15-bits
32k
APE1508
15
16-bits
48k
APE2008
20
16-bits
64k
APE3108
31
17-bits
96k
APE4108
41
17-bits
128k
APE5208
52
18-bits
160k
APE6308
63
18-bits
192k
(4) Data Registers:
a). 128 x 4-bits data RAM (00-7Fh)
(APE0508 /1008 is 96 x 4-bits data RAM 00-5Fh)
b). Unbanked special function registers (SFR) range: 00h-2Fh
(5) I/O Ports:
a). PRA: 4-bits I/O Port A (10h) can be programmed to input/output individually. (Register control)
b). PRB: 4-bits I/O Port B (13h) can be configured to input/output individually. (Mask option)
(6) On-chip clock generator: Resistive Clock Drive (RM)
(7) Timer: 1-set Voice Interrupt (Timer0: a 9-bits auto-reload timer/counter).
(8) Stack: 2-level subroutine nesting.
(9) Built-in 4 Level Volume Control can be programmed.
(10) Built-in 8 Level DAC current output can be configured. (Mask option)
(11) Built-in IR Carry Output: Port B[1] can be configured as IR pin by 38k / 56kHz. (Mask option)
1
Rev 1.3
2003/8/18
APExx08 Series
(12) External Reset: Port B[3] can be configured as reset pin. (Mask opton)
(13) HALT and Release from HALT function to reduce power consumption
(14) Watch Dog Timer (WDT)
(15) Instruction: 1-cycle instruction except for table read and program branches which are 2-cycles
(16) Number of instruction: 27
(17) DAC: 1 channel voice and dual tone melody synthesizer (One 9-bits Cout or 8-bits PWM output).
FIGURE 1 : ROM Map of APExx08 Series
PC[13:0]
14-bit x 2 STACK
16-bit Data Pointer
18-bit Voice Pointer
Reset Vector
00000h
Reserved for Testing
000FEh
000FFh-00400h
00401h
00000h-03FFFh
Program ROM
00000h-0FFFFh
Data ROM for Melody
00000h-2FFFFh
Voice ROM for Voice
2
Rev 1.3
2003/8/18
APExx08 Series
3.0 Pin Description
Pad Name
PWM2/Cout
Pin Attr.
PWM1
Vdd1~2
O
Power
PRA0~3
I/O
I/O port can be programmed to input/output individually.
Input type with weak pull-low or fix-input-floating capability.
Buffer Output type.
PRB0, PRB2
I/O
I/O port can be configured to input/output individually.
Input type with weak pull-low or fix-input-floating capability.
Buffer Output type.
I/O
I/O port can be configured to input/output individually.
Input type with weak pull-low or fix-input-floating capability.
Buffer Output type.
Mask option selected as an IR Carrier Output with 38k / 56kHz
PRB3 / Reset
I/O
I/O port can be configured to input/output individually.
Input type with weak pull-low or fix-input-floating capability.
Buffer Output type.
Mask option selected as an external RESET pin with weak pull-low
capability.
OSC
GND1~2
I
Power
O
PRB1 / IR
Description
PWM2 output, or Current Output of Audio.
PWM1 output.
Power supply during operation.
RM mode Oscillator input
Ground Potential
4.0 DC Characteristics
Symbol
Vdd
Isb
Iop
Parameter
Operating voltage
Supply
current
Standby
Operating
Iih
Input current
(Internal pull low)
Ioh
Output-high current
Vdd
Min.
2.4
3
4.5
3
4.5
3
4.5
3
4.5
3
4.5
3
4.5
Typ.
3
Max.
5.5
1
1
2
7
4
10
-4
-10
8.5
17.5
0.8 ~ 4.8
0.9 ~ 6.5
Unit
V
uA
Condition
depending on Freq.
4MHz, RM,
in HALT Mode
mA
4MHz, RM,
IO Floating
uA
Input ports with weak
pull-low
mA
4MHz, RM
(IO ports)
mA
4MHz, RM
(Full scale)
Iol
Output-low current
Cout
DAC output current
(8-level option)
dF/F
Frequency stability
-5
5
%
Fosc(3v- 2.4v)
Fosc (3v)
dF/F
Fosc lot variation
-10
10
%
Vdd=3V, Rosc=430k,
4MHz
3
Rev 1.3
2003/8/18
APExx08 Series
FIGURE 2 : Frequency vs. Rosc (at 3V)
Resistor (Rosc ohms)
110k
200k
300k
430k
Frequency (MHz)
14.84
8.25
5.54
3.92
R o sc vs F re q.
Freq. (MHz)
20
1 4 .8 4
15
10
8 .25
5 .54
5
3 .92
0
0
100
200
300
400
500
R os c (k o h m )
5.0 Application Circuit
4
Rev 1.3
2003/8/18
APExx08 Series
6.0 Bonding Diagram of APE0508 / APE1008
ROM
(0, 0)
PRB3
15
PRB2
14
OSC
13
Y
1
PWM2/Cout
Pad Size : 80 um x 80 um
* The IC substrate must be connected to GND.
GND2 12
2
Vdd1
PWM1
3
PRA0
PRA1
5
6
PRA2
GND1
4
PRA3
8
7
PRB0
PRB1
Vdd2
10
11
9
X
Pad #
Pad Name
X
Pad #
Pad Name
1
PWM2/Cout
-518
-195
Y
9
PRB0
267
-574
2
Vdd1
-518
-479
10
PRB1
377
-574
3
PWM1
-431
-603
11
Vdd2
487
-574
4
GND1
-283
-603
12
GND2
489
-414
5
PRA0
-173
-574
13
OSC
489
-304
PRB2
489
-194
PRB3
489
-84
6
PRA1
-63
-574
14
7
PRA2
47
-574
15
8
PRA3
157
-574
X
Y
Chip Size :
APE0508 : 1234 um x 1404 um
APE1008 : 1234 um x 1404 um
5
Rev 1.3
2003/8/18
APExx08 Series
6.1 Bonding Diagram of other APExx08 series
ROM
Pad Size: 80 um x 80 um
* The IC substrate must be connected to GND.
Y
1
PWM2/Cout
PRB3
15
PRB2
14
OSC
13
GND2 12
2
Vdd1
PWM1
GND1
3
4
PRA0
PRA1
PRA2
PRA3
5
6
7
8
PRB0
PRB1
9
10
Vdd2
11
(0, 0)
X
Pad #
Pad Name
X
1
PWM2/Cout
58
2
Vdd1
3
Y
Pad #
Pad Name
X
Y
466
9
PRB0
843
87
58
182
10
PRB1
953
87
PWM1
145
58
11
Vdd2
1063
87
4
GND1
5
PRA0
293
58
12
GND2
1059
247
403
87
13
OSC
1059
357
6
PRA1
513
87
14
PRB2
1059
467
7
PRA2
623
87
15
PRB3
1059
577
8
PRA3
733
87
Chip Size :
APE1508 : 1230 um x 1848 um,
APE2008 : 1230 um x 1848 um
APE3108 : 1230 um x 1848 um,
APE4108 : 1230 um x 2528 um
APE5208 : 1230 um x 2528 um,
APE6308 : 1230 um x 2528 um
6
Rev 1.3
2003/8/18