AKM AK7750VT

[ASAHI KASEI]
[AK7750]
AK7750
Audio DSP with Built-in Hands-Free Phone Features
General Description
The AK7750 is a highly integrated Audio Digital Signal Processor with a stereo audio codec in one chip.
The AK7750 combines an on-chip DSP and an ARM7 processor that can be used to create Echo
Cancellation (EC) and Noise Cancellation (NC) functions. These functions make the AK7750 a perfect
choice for hands-free phones that require suppressing acoustic echo and noise. Voice quality and noise
suppression levels can be precisely adjusted by externally setting various parameters. Additionally, no
external Flash, ROM, or RAM is required as memories for Echo and Noise Cancellation are integrated onchip.
By using an external microprocessor to change algorithms, the AK7750 can be used in other audio
applications including sound field enhancements like surround, volume control, parametric equalizer and
speaker compensation. These functions are simplified by the AK7750 through the integration of 64K bit
delay data RAM, a high-performance audio Codec with sample rates from 8 KHz ~ 48 KHz, and 8channels of Digital Audio input / output.
What’s more, the latest Surround Decoders can be also be implemented by using the certified algorithms
from various technology partners.
Features
[DSP Block]
„ Data Word Length: 24 bit
„ Machine Cycle: 27.1 ns (fastest) (768fs at 48 KHz)
„ Number of Steps: 768 steps max. at fs = 48 KHz
4608 steps max. at fs = 8 KHz
192 steps max. at fs = 192 KHz
„ Multiply: 24 x 16 -> 40 bit (enables double precision operation)
„ Division: 24 / 24 -> 24 bit or 16 bit
„ ALU: 34 bit arithmetic operation (overflow margin 4 bits)
24 bit arithmetic & logic operations
„ Shift: 1,2,3,4,6,8,15 Bit Left Shift with indirect shift function
1,2,3,4,8,14,15 bit Right Shift with indirect shift function
„ Program RAM (PRAM): 768 words x 32 bit
„ Coefficient RAM (CRAM): 1024 words x 16 bit
„ Data RAM (DRAM): 256 words x 24 bit
„ Offset RAM (OFRAM): 48 words x 12 bit
„ Delay RAM (DLRAM): 64K bits (following 3 types are selectable):
- 1K words 24 bit
- 1K words 24 bit & 2K words 16 bit (limited pointer capability)
- 4kword 16bit
Data Compression/Expansion circuits for 16 bit data handling are integrated on-chip
(Dynamic-range: 23 bit equivalent, S/N+D: 15 bit equivalent (FS)).
- In Hands-free mode, Delay RAM cannot be used.
„ Registers: 34 bits x 4 (ACC)
[for ALU]
24 bit x 8 (TMP)
[for DBUS Interface]
24 bit x 6 stage stacks (PTMP) [for DBUS Interface]
„ On-chip ARM7TDMI Processor:
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[AK7750]
[ADC Block]
„ 24 Bit 2 Channels (fs: 8 KHz ~ 48 KHz)
„ S/N+D: 91 dB (fs = 48 KHz)
„ Dynamic Range & S/N: 98 dBA (fs = 48 KHz)
„ On-chip DC offset canceling High Pass Filter
[DAC Block]
„ 24 Bit 2 Channels
„ S/N+D: 86 dB (fs = 48 KHz)
„ Dynamic Range & S/N: 98 dBA (fs = 48 KHz)
[Input/Output Digital Interface]
„ Serial Data Input 8 channels (10 channels with on-board codec.)
„ Serial Data Output 6 channels (8 channels with on-board codec.)
„ Microprocessor Interface: 1 set of inputs and outputs
[General]
„ On-chip PLL
„ On-chip EEPROM (AK6512C, AK6514C) Interface
„ Single 3.3 V +/- 0.3 V Power Supply
„ Operating Temperature Range: -40°C to +85°C
„ 64-Pin LQFP
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[AK7750]
Block Diagram
(1) Hands-Free Mode
Diagram
DSP Block
Speaker
D/A
Filter
Echo
A/D
Tel. Line
A/D
Mic.
VAD
Canceller
VAD
Ctrl.
Tel. Line
Filter
D/A
iFFT
FFT
Filter
+
Subtraction
voice
SW
Noise Canceller
I/F
Digital
OUT(8ch)
Spectrum
ARM Processor
RAM
ROM
PLL
Digital
IN(8ch)
µP
I/F
EEPROM
Block Diagram
(2) Audio Surround Mode Diagram
DSP Block
Speaker
D/A
Sound processing
A/D
Audio_in
A/D
Audio_in
(EQ,Surround,…)
Speaker
D/A
voice
SW
Digital
OUT(6(8))ch)
I/F
ROM
VAD
RAM
iFFT
Digital
IN(8(10))ch)
PLL
Spectrum
FFT
Subtraction
Noise Canceller
µP
I/F
ARM Processor
OFF
EEPROM
Block Diagram
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[AK7750]
(2) Total Block Diagram
1) EESEL = “ L “
AINR+ AINR-
VREFL VCOM VREFH
AOUTL
AOUTR
pull down
Hi-z
@ CS ="H"
REF
ADC
DAC
AVDD
AVSS
ctrl reg sw
SDATA_AD
SDATA_DA
SWIA
DVDD
SWQD
JX0/SDIN5A
SDIN5
SWQ4
HF
SDIN3/JX2
SDIN3
HF
OUT3E_N
SDOUT2
SDOUT2
SDOUT1
SWJX0_N
OUT1E_N
JX0
SWJX1
SWJX2
SDOUT3
OUT2E_N
SDOUT1
SDIN1
SDIN1
SDOUT4A
SDOUT3
SDIN2
SDIN2
DVSS
OUT4E
SDOUT4
SDIN4
SDIN4/JX1
BVSS
RQ
SCLK
JX1
SI
SO
JX2
RDY
DRDY
DSP
HFST
SDOUTH
SDINH
ARM
HFST_N
HFST
TESTI1
TESTI2
INIT_RESET
EEPIF
CONTROLLER
EEST
EESI
EECK
CK_RESET
EECS_N
S_RESET
EESO
CS
EEADR
EESEL="L"
XTI
CKSX
PLL&DIVIDER
CKS1
XTO
CLKO
CKS0
LRCLK_O
BITCLK_O SMODE LRCLK_I BITCLK_I
LFLT
The above shows a simplified AK 7750 block diagram. It does not necessarily show the circuit diagram.
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[AK7750]
2) EESEL = “ H “
AINL+
AINL-
AINR+
AINR-
VREFL VCOM
VREFH
AOUTL
AOUTR
pull down
REF
ADC
AVDD
DAC
AVSS
ctrl reg sw
SDATA_AD
SDATA_DA
SWIA
DVDD
SWQD
JX0/SDIN5A
SDIN5
SDIN4
SDIN4/JX1
SWQ4
DVSS
OUT4E
SDOUT4
SDOUT4A
SDOUT3
HF
SDIN3/JX2
SDIN3
SDIN2
SDIN2
SDIN1
BVSS
SWJX0_N
SDIN1
HF
OUT3E_N
SDOUT2
SDOUT2
OUT2E_N
SDOUT1
SDOUT1
OUT1E_N
JX0
SWJX1
SWJX2
SDOUT3
RQ
SCLK
JX1
SI
JX2
SO
RDY
DSP
RDY/EESI
DRDY
DRDY/EECK
HFST
SDOUTH
ARM
SDINH
SWEE
HFST
HFST_N/EEST
TESTI1
EEST
TESTI2
INIT_RESET
CK_RESET
CONTROLLER
EEPIF
EESI
EECK
EECK_N
S_RESET
EESO
EEADR
EESEL="H"
XTI
CKSX="H"
PLL&DIVIDER
CKS1
XTO
CLKO
CKS0
LRCLK
BITCLK SMODE
LFLT
The above shows a simplified AK 7750 block diagram. It does not necessarily show the circuit diagram.
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[AK7750]
(3) DSP Block Diagram
CP0,CP1
DP0,DP1
DP0,DP1
DLRAM
OFRAM
1kw × 24bit or 4kw × 16bit
48w × 12bit
1kw × 24bit & 2kw × 16bit
DRAM
256w × 24bit
CRAM
1024w × 16bit
CMP(comp/decomp)
CBUS(16bit)
DBUS(24bit)
MPX16
Micon I/F
MPX24
Control
X
Y
PRAM
DEC
Multiply
Serial I/F
768w × 32bit
16bit × 24bit → 40bit
PC
Stack : 1level
24bit
40bit
TMP 8 × 24bit
MUL
PTMP(LIFO) 6 × 24bit
DBUS
SHIFT
34bit
34bit
A
2 × 24/20/16bit
SDIN5A or from ADC
2 × 24/20/16bit
SDIN4
2 × 24/20/16bit
SDIN3H or from ARM
2 × 24/20/16bit
SDIN2
2 × 24/20/16bit
SDIN1
B
ALU
34bit
Overflow Margin: 4bit
DR0 ∼ 3
24bit
Over Flow Data
Generator
Division
2 × 24bit
SDOUT4A
or to DAC
2 × 24bit
SDOUT3
or to ARM
2 × 24bit
SDOUT2
2 × 24bit
SDOUT1
Peak Detector
24÷2→24or16
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[AK7750]
Input/Output Pin Description
AINL+
AINL-
AINR+
AINR-
AVSS
VREFL
VCOM
VREFH
AVDD
AVDD
AOUTL
AOUTR
AVSS
AVSS
AVDD
LFLT
64
63
62
61
60
59
58
57
56
55
54
53
52
51
50
49
(1) Pin Assignment
Note) *** indicates Pulled-down pins ( xxx : pin name)
9
40
SCLK
DVSS
10
39
SI
DVDD
11
38
SO
CLKO
12
37
RQ
BITCLK_O/BITCLK
13
36
DVDD
LRCLK_O/ EECS
14
35
DVSS
BITCLK_I/EEADR
15
34
XTI
LRCLK_I/LRCLK
16
33
XTO
32
BVSS
HFST /EEST
RDY/EESI
SMODE
31
41
(TOP VIEW)
30
64pin LQFP
CS /EESO
8
29
DVSS
DVSS
CKSX
28
42
DVDD
7
27
DVDD
S_RESET
DVDD
26
43
CK_RESET
6
25
SDOUT1
INIT_RESET
DVSS
24
44
DVDD
5
23
SDOUT2
DVSS
BVSS
22
45
SDIN1
4
21
SDOUT3
SDIN2
CKS1
20
46
SDIN3/JX2
3
19
SDOUT4A
SDIN4/JX1
CKS0
18
47
JX0/SDIN5A
2
EESEL
17
TESTI1
1
DRDY/EECK
48
TESTI2
*** pins (*** is pin name) are pulled down to the digital ground of the device INTERNALLY. The words,
“pulled-down” with italic type characters in the following “Pin Functional Description” are used to clarify this
function.
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[AK7750]
(3) Pin Functional Description
Pin
NO.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Pin Name
I/O
Function
Pin Classification
TESTI2
EESEL
I Test pin (pulled-down). Connect to DVSS
Test
Control
I Control mode select pin (pulled-down)
EESEL=“L”: for general use
EESEL=“H”: program can be downloaded to the AKM’s
EEPROMs, AK6512C, AK6514C.
EESEL pin must be fixed to either “L” or “H” level.
SDOUT4A
O DSP Serial Data Output pin
Digital
- MSB-justified 24 Bit data is output.
Serial data output
- ADC Data output, selected by Control Register setting.
SDOUT3
O DSP Serial Data Output pin
- MSB-justified 24 Bit data is output.
- “L” is output during the hands-free operation.
SDOUT2
O DSP Serial Data Output pin
- MSB-justified 24 Bit data is output.
SDOUT1
O DSP Serial Data Output pin
- MSB-justified 24 Bit data is output.
DVDD
- Digital Power Supply pin 3.3 V (typ)
Digital Power Supply
DVSS
- Digital Ground pin 0 V
Digital Power Supply
BVSS
- Ground pin (silicon substrate potential)
Analog Power Supply
Connect to AVSS.
DVSS
- Digital Ground pin 0 V
Digital Power Supply
DVDD
- Digital Power Supply pin 3.3 V (typ)
Digital Power Supply
CLKO
O Clock Output pin
Clock Output
Set by Control Register
BITCLK_O O Serial Bit Clock Output pin
System Clock
(EESEL=”L”)
SMODE=”H”: 64fs clock is output during master mode
operation.
SMODE=”L”: BITCLK-I clock is output during slave mode
operation (except for DIF mode 5 and 6)
I/O Serial Bit Clock Input/Output pin
BITCLK
System Clock
(EESEL=”H”)
SMODE=”H”: 64fs clock is output during master mode
operation.
SMODE=”L”: 64fs clock is input during slave mode operation
(48fs clock can be output, except when using
CKSX=L)
LRCLK_O
O L/R Channel Select Output pin
System Clock
(EESEL=”L”)
SMODE=”H”: 1fs clock is output during master mode
operation.
SMODE=”L”: LRCLK-I clock is output during slave mode
operation (except for DIF mode 5 and 6).
O
EEPROM
Chip
Select
Output pin
EEP
EECS
Connect to CS pin of AK6512C/14C.
(EESEL=”H”)
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Pin Pin Name
NO.
15 BITCLK_I
(EESEL=”L”)
EEADR
(EESEL=”H”)
16
LRCLK_I
(EESEL=”L”)
LRCLK
(EESEL=”H”)
17
DRDY
(EESEL=”H”)
[AK7750]
I/O
Function
Pin Classification
I Serial Bit Clock Input pin
Sytem Clock
SMODE=”H”: When master mode is used, connect this pin to
DVSS.
SMODE=”L”: 64fs clock is input during slave mode operation.
(48fs clock can be input except for CKSX=”L”).
BITCLK-I (64fs) can be used as master clock
(CKSX=”L”) during slave mode operation
I EEP Address Select pin
EEP
AK6512C: used at EEADR=”L”.
AK6514C: read data starting at 0000h when EEADR=”L”.
Read data starting at 2000h when EEADR=”H”.
I L/R Channel Select Input pin
System Clock
SMODE=”H”: When master mode is used, connect this pin to
DVSS.
SMODE=”L”: 1fs clock is input during slave mode operation.
I/O L/R Channel Select Input/Output pin
System Clock
SMODE=”H”: 1fs clock is output during master mode operation
SMODE=”L”: 1fs clock is input during slave mode operation
O Output Data Ready pin (Hi-Z)
µC
For microprocessor interface
Hi-Z state when CS =”H”.
DRDY/EECK
(EESEL=”H”)
18
JX0/SDIN5A
19
SDIN4/JX1
[MS0296-E-00]
O Output Data Ready pin for µC interface /
EEP/µC
EEPROM Serial Data Output pin.
Connect this pin to SCK pin of AK6512C/14C.
After an EEPROM data read, (EEST transition from “L” to “H”),
this pin is automatically switched to DRDY pin.
External Conditional pin/DSP Serial Data Input pin (pulledDigital
down).
Conditional input /
- For normal use, this is the external conditional jump pin Serial data input
(JXO).
- Input to the DSP’s SDIN5 port is possible by setting a
Control Register (normally SDIN5 is connected to ADC
Serial Output, refer to block diagram). Supports MSBjustified 24 Bit /LSB-justified 24 Bit, 20 Bit, 16 Bit data
formats.
I DSP Serial Data Input pin/External Conditional pin (pulledDigital
down)
Serial data input
- Supports MSB-justified 24Bit /LSB-justified 24Bit, 20Bit, /conditional input
16bit formats
- This pin can be used as external conditional jump pin JX1
by setting a control register
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Pin Pin Name
NO.
20 SDIN3/JX2
21
SDIN2
22
SDIN1
23
24
25
DVSS
DVDD
INIT_RESET
26
CK_RESET
27
S_RESET
28
29
30
DVDD
DVSS
CS
(EESEL=”L”)
EESO
(EESEL=”H”)
31
HFST
(EESEL=”L”)
HFST
EEST
(EESEL=”H”)
[MS0296-E-00]
[AK7750]
I/O
Function
Pin Classification
I DSP Serial Data Input pin/External Conditional pin (pulledDigital
down)
Serial data input
- Supports MSB-justified 24 Bit/LSB-justified 24 Bit, 20 Bit, /conditional input
and 16 Bit data formats.
- This pin can be used as external conditional jump pin JX2
by setting a control register.
- This pin cannot be used as a Serial Data input pin nor
external conditional pin during hands-free mode.
I
Digital
DSP Serial Data Input pin (pulled-down)
Serial Data Input
Supports MSB-justified 24 Bit/ LSB-justified 24 Bit, 20 Bit, and
16 Bit data format.
I
DSP Serial Data Input pin (pulled-down)
Supports MSB-justified 24 Bit/ LSB-justified 24 Bit, 20 Bit, and
16 Bit data format.
- Digital Ground pin 0 V
Digital Power Supply
- Digital Power Supply pin 3.3 V (typ)
I Initial Reset N pin (for initialization)
Reset
This is used to initialize the AK7750.This is also used to
change CKS1 and CKS0 pin settings and to change XTI input
frequency.
I CK Reset N pin
This pin is used while S_RESET is at “low” to change XTI
input frequency and to change CKS2, CKS1, CKS0 settings.
CK_RESET bit in control register has similar function.
When CK_RESET bit is used, CK_RESET pin must be
commonly controlled with INIT_RESET pin or it must be set
to “high”.
I System Reset N pin
- Digital Power Supply pin 3.3 V (typ)
Digital Power Supply
- Digital Ground pin 0 V
Digital Power Supply
I Chip Select pin for µC interface (pulled-down)
µC
Leave open or connect to DVSS for normal operation
When CS =”H”, data on SI pin is not written and SO, RDY,
DRDY pins become Hi-Z state.
This function is not available at EESEL=”H”.
I
EEP
EEPROM Serial Data Output pin (pulled-down)
Connect this pin to SO pin of AK6512C / 14C.
O Hands-Free Status pin
µC
Normally at “H” but when an error occurs, it switches to “L”
level.
O Hands-Free Status pin / EEPROM write status pin
µC /EEP
Normally at “H” but when an error occurs, it switches to “L”.
Level (SWEE bit = 0 in control register).
When data read from EEPROM is complete, EEST changes
from “L” to “H”. The µC input interface is enabled (SWEE bit =
1 in control register).
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Pin Pin Name
NO.
32 RDY
(EESEL=”L”)
RDY/EESI
(EESEL=”H”)
33
XTO
34
XTI
35
36
37
DVSS
DVDD
RQ
38
SO
39
SI
40
SCLK
41
SMODE
42
CKSX
43
44
45
DVDD
DVSS
BVSS
[MS0296-E-00]
[AK7750]
I/O
Function
Pin Classification
O Data Write Ready pin for µC Interface (Hi-Z)
µC
This pin becomes Hi-Z when CS =”H”.
EEP/µC
O Data Write Ready pin for uC interface/
EEPROM Serial Data Input Pin
Connect this pin to SI pin of AK6512C/14C.
When data read from EEPROM is complete (EEST changes
from “L” to “H”), this pin is automatically switched to the RDY
pin function.
System Clock
O Oscillator Circuit Output pin
When a quartz crystal oscillator is used, it is connected
between XTI pin and XTO pin.
When an external clock is used, keep this pin open.
I Oscillator Circuit Output pin
When a quartz crystal oscillator is used, it is connected
between XTI pin and XTO pin.
An external clock should be fed to this pin when no quartz
crystal oscillator is used.
- Digital Ground pin 0 V
Digital Power Supply
- Digital Power Supply pin 3.3 V (typ)
I Request N pin for µC Interface
µC
µC interface is enabled when RQ =”L”. Read operations
during RUN mode should be made when RQ =”H”.
RQ should be kept “H” during the reset operation and when
an external µC is not used.
O Serial Data Output pin for µC interface
µC
This pin becomes Hi-Z state at CS =”H” when EESEL is at “L”.
I Serial Data Input/Serial Data Output Control pin for µC µC
interface
If no data is input to this pin or it is not used as Serial Data
Output Control pin, set SI at “L”.
I Serial Data Clock pin for µC interface
µC
If no clock is used, set SCLK at “H”.
Control
I Slave / Master Mode Select pin
SMODE=”L”: Slave mode
SMODE=”H”: Master mode
I Master Clock Select pin
CKSX=”H”:XTI, CKSX=”L”:BITCLK_I
For normal operation, CKSX is set to “H”.
- Digital Power Supply pin 3.3 V (typ)
Digital Power Supply
- Digital Ground pin 0 V
- Ground pin (silicon substrate potential)
Analog Power Supply
Tie this pin to AVSS.
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Pin
NO.
46
47
48
Pin Name
I/O
Function
Pin Classification
CKS1
CKS0
TESTI1
49
LFLT
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
AVDD
AVSS
AVSS
AOUTR
AOUTL
AVDD
AVDD
VREFH
58
VCOM
59
VREFL
60
61
62
63
64
AVSS
AINRAINR+
AINLAINL+
I Master Clock Set pin (pulled-down)
Control
I Master Clock Set pin (pulled-down)
I Test pin (pulled-down)
Test
Tie this pin to DVSS.
- PLL RC component connect pin
Analog Block
A serially connected resistor (R=22kΩ) and capacitor
(C=1.5nF) pair is connected to this pin (when PLL is not used
at all, tie this pin to AVSS).
- Analog Power Supply pin 3.3 V ( typ ).
- Analog Ground pin 0 V (silicon substrate potential)
- Analog Ground pin 0 V (silicon substrate potential)
O DAC R-ch Analog Output pin
O DAC L-ch Analog Output pin
- Analog Power Supply pin 3.3 V (typ).
- Analog Power Supply pin 3.3 V (typ).
I Analog Reference Voltage Input pin
This pin is normally tied to AVDD. Connect Capacitors of 0.1
uF and 10 uF between this pin and VSS.
O Analog Common Voltage Output pin
Connect Capacitors of 0.1 uF and 10 uF between this pin and
VSS. No external circuits should be connected to this pin.
I Analog Reference Voltage Input pin
Tie this pin to AVSS for normal operation.
- Analog Ground pin 0 V (silicon substrate potential)
I ADC R-ch Analog Inverted Input pin
I ADC R-ch Analog Non-Inverted Input pin
I ADC L-ch Analog Inverted Input pin
I ADC L-ch Analog Non-Inverted Input pin
Note) Digital input pins should not be kept open, except for pulled-down pins and BITCLK-I and LRCLK-I
(EESEL=”L”) pins in master mode (pulled-down pins are kept open or connected to DVSS when they are
not used).
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[AK7750]
Absolute maximum rating
(AVSS, BVSS, DVSS = 0 V: All voltages indicated are relative to the ground.)
Item
Symbol
Min
Max
Power supply voltage
Analog (AVDD)
-0.3
VA
4.6
Digital (DVDD)
-0.3
VD
4.6
|AVSS(BVSS) – DVSS|
Note1
0.3
∆GND
Input current
IIN
±10
(Except for power supply pin)
Analog input voltage
VINA
AINL+, AINL-, AINR+, AINR-,
-0.3
VA+0.3
VRADH, VRADL, VRDAH, VRDAL
Digital input voltage
VIND
-0.3
VA+0.3
Operating ambient temperature
Ta
-40
85
Storage temperature
Tstg
-65
150
Units
V
V
V
mA
V
V
°C
°C
Note1) AVSS, BVSS, and DVSS must be same potential.
WARNING: Operation at or beyond these limits may result in permanent damage of the device. Normal
operations are not guaranteed under these critical conditions in principle.
Recommended operating conditions
(AVSS, BVSS, DVSS = 0 V: All voltages indicated are relative to the ground.)
Items
Min
Typ
Max
Units
Power supply voltage
AVDD
VA
3.0
3.3
3.6
V
DVDD
VD
3.0
3.3
3.6
V
Reference voltage (VREF)
VREFH Note 1)
VREFL Note 2)
VRH
VRL
VA
0.0
V
V
Note 1) VREFH normally connect with AVDD.
Note 2) VREFLnormally connect with AVSS.
Note:
The analog input voltage and output voltage are proportional to the VREFL and VREFH voltages.
*) AKM assumes no responsibility for the usage beyond the conditions in this data sheet.
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[AK7750]
Electric characteristics
(1) Analog characteristics
(Unless otherwise specified, Ta = 25°C; AVDD, DVDD = 3.3V; VREF=AVDD, VREFL=AVSS,
BITCLK = 64 fs; Signal frequency 1 kHz; measuring frequency = 20 Hz to 20 kHz @48kHz;
ADC with all differential inputs XTI=12.288MHz; CKSX=”H”; SMODE=”H”);
Parameter
Min
Typ
Max
Units
ADC
Resolution
24
Bits
Section Dynamic characteristics
S/(N+D) fs = 48kHz (-1dBFS)
(note1)
80
91
dB
Dynamic range
fs = 48kHz (A filter)
(note2)
90
98
dB
S/N
fs = 48kHz (A filter)
90
98
dB
Inter-channel isolation (f =1 kHz) (note3)
90
105
dB
DC accuracy
Inter-channel gain mismatching
0.1
0.3
dB
Analog input
Vp-p
Input voltage
(Note 4)
±1.22
±1.32
±1.42
Input impedance
(Note 5)
95
kΩ
DAC
Resolution
24
Bits
section
Dynamic characteristics
S/(N+D)
fs = 48kHz (0 dB)
78
86
dB
Dynamic range
fs = 48kHz(-60 dB)
90
98
dB
(A filter)
(Note 2)
S/N
fs = 48kHz (A filter)
90
98
dB
90
Inter-channel isolation (f = 1 kHz)
105
dB
DC accuracy
Inter-channel gain mismatching
0.2
0.5
dB
Analog output
Output voltage
(Note 6)
1.85
2.00
2.15
Vp-p
Load resistance
10
kΩ
Load capacitance
50
pF
Note:
1. When using single-ended inputs, this value is not guaranteed.
2. Indicates S/(N+D) when -60 dB signal is applied.
3. Inter-channel isolation between L-ch and R-ch at –1 dB FS signal input.
4. The full scale for analog input voltage (∆AIN = (AIN+) - (AIN-)) can be represented by
(±FS = ±(VREFH-VREFL) × 0.4).
5. Impedance is in inverse proportion to fs.
6. Full scale output voltage at VREFH = AVDD, VREFL = AVSS
[MS0296-E-00]
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[ASAHI KASEI]
[AK7750]
(2) DC characteristics
(VDD=AVDD=DVDD=3.0~3.6V,Ta=-40°C~85°C)
Parameter
Symbol
High level input voltage
VIH
Low level input voltage
VIL
VOH
High level output voltage Iout=-100µA
VOL
Low level output voltage Iout=100µA
Input leak current
Note 1)
Iin
Input leak current(Pull down pin) Note 1)
Iid
Input leak current
XTI pin
Iix
Min
80%VDD
Typ
Max
20%VDD
VDD-0.5
22
50
0.5
±10
Units
V
V
V
V
µA
µA
µA
Note:
1. The pull down pins and XTI are not included.
2. The pull down pins (typ. 150kΩ) is as follows: 1, 2, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 30, 46, 47, and 48.
Note: Regarding the input/output levels in the text, the low level will be represented as "L" or 0, and the
high level as "H" or 1.
In principle, "0" and "1" will be used to represent the bus functions (serial/parallel) such as registers.
(3) Current consumption
(AVDD=DVDD=3.0~3.6V, Ta=25°C; master clock (XTI)=12.288MHz=256fs[fs=48kHz],with PLL mode;
Power supply
Parameter
Min
Typ
Max
Units
Power supply current
note 1)
Normal Speed
mA
40
a) AVDD
25
mA
100
b) DVDD
85
note 1) DVDD current value may change, depending on the content of DSP program executed and clock
frequency.
[MS0296-E-00]
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2005/03
[ASAHI KASEI]
[AK7750]
(4) Digital filter characteristics
Listed values are copied as reference data from the designed values and are not the guaranteed values.
They are guaranteed-by-design after passing the IC tester’s digital functional test..
4-1) ADC Section :
(Ta=25°C; AVDD,DVDD =3.0~3.6V; fs=48kHz; HPF=off
parameter
Min
PB
0
Pass band
(±0.005dB) note2)
(-6dB)
Stop band
Pass band ripple Note 2)
Stop band attenuation Note 3, 4)
Group delay distortion
Group delay (Ts=1/fs)
SB
PR
SA
∆GD
GD
Note 1)
Typ
24.0
Max
21.5
-
26.5
±0.005
80
0
29.3
Units
kHz
kHz
kHz
kHz
dB
dB
µs
Ts
Note:
1. These frequencies scale with sampling frequency (fs). Not include HPF response.
2. The pass band is from DC to 21.5kHz when fs = 48kHz.
3. The stop band is from 26.5kHz to 3.0455MHz when fs = 48kHz.
4. When fs = 48kHz, the analog modulator samples analog input at 3.072MHz.
The digital filter does not attenuate the input signal in the multiple bands (n x 3.072MHz ± 21.99kHz;
n=0, 1, 2, 3...) of the sampling frequency.
[MS0296-E-00]
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[ASAHI KASEI]
[AK7750]
4-2) DAC section
a) DAF bit = ‘0’ (CONT6 D6)
(Ta=25°C; AVDD,DVDD =3.0~3.6V; fs=48kHz)
Parameter
Symbol
min
Digital filter
PB
0
Pass band ±0.08dB
(-0.28dB)
(Note 1)
(-6.0dB)
Stop band
(Note 1)
SB
26.5
Pass band ripple
PR
Stop band attenuation
SA
47
Group delay (Ts=1/fs) (Note 2)
GD
Digital filter+SCF
Amplitude characteristics
0 to 20.0kHz
typ
max
Units
21.7
24.0
21.2
-
15
kHz
kHz
kHz
kHz
dB
dB
Ts
±0.5
dB
±0.04
Note:
1. The pass band and stop band frequencies are proportional to "fs" (system sampling rate), and
represents PB=0.4535fs(@-0.06dB) and SB=0.546fs, respectively.
2. The digital filter’s delay is calculated as the time from setting 24 Bit data into the input register until an
analog signal is output.
b) DAF bit = ‘1’ (CONT6 D6)
(Ta=25°C; AVDD,DVDD =3.0~3.6V; fs=48kHz)
Parameter
Symbol
min
Digital filter
PB
0
Pass band ±0.02dB
(-0.48dB)
(Note 1)
(-6.0dB)
Stop band
(Note 1)
SB
27.4
Pass band ripple
PR
Stop band attenuation
SA
59
Group delay (Ts=1/fs) (Note 2)
GD
Digital filter+SCF
Amplitude characteristics
0 to 20.0kHz
typ
max
Units
21.7
24.0
20.6
-
15
kHz
kHz
kHz
kHz
dB
dB
Ts
±0.5
dB
±0.01
Note:
1. The pass band and stop band frequencies are proportional to "fs" (system sampling rate), and
represents PB=0.4292fs(@-0.06dB) and SB=0.571fs, respectively.
2. The digital filter’s delay is calculated as the time from setting 24 Bit data into the input register until an
analog signal is output.
[MS0296-E-00]
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[ASAHI KASEI]
[AK7750]
(5) Switching characteristics
1) System clock
(AVDD=DVDD=3.0 to 3.6V,Ta= -40°C to 85°C)
Parameter
Symbol
Maser clock(XTI) @CKSX=”H”
a) when a crystal oscillator is used
(note 1)
CKS[1:0]=0h
fXTI
min
typ
max
Units
-
11.2896
12.288
16.9344
18.432
22.5792
24.576
-
MHz
-
MHz
-
MHz
40
45
11.0
16.5
22.0
33.0
50
50
60
55
12.33
18.6
24.66
37.0
6
6
%
%
MHz
MHz
MHz
MHz
ns
ns
8
48
192
6
6
kHz
ns
ns
CKS[1:0]=1h
fXTI
-
CKS[1:0]=2h
fXTI
-
b)when an external clock is used
(note 1)
Duty factor (≤18.5MHz)
(>18.5MHz)
CKS[1:0]=0h (PLL operation range)
CKS[1:0]=1h (PLL operation range)
CKS[1:0]=2h (PLL operation range)
CKS[1:0]=3h (PLL is not used)
Clock rise time
Clock fall time
fXTI
fXTI
fXTI
fXTI
tCR
tCF
LRCLK_I,LRCLK frequency note2)
Slave mode: Clock rise time
Slave mode: Clock fall time
fs
tLR
tLF
BITCLK_I ,BITCLK frequency
fBCLK
48
64
fs
(@CKSX=”H”)
(note3)
Slave mode: high level width
tBCLKH
34
ns
Slave mode: high level width
tBCLKL
34
ns
Slave mode: clock rise time
tBR
6
ns
Slave mode: clock fall time
tBF
6
ns
BITCLK_I,BITCLK frequency
fBCLK
64
fs
(@CKSX=”L”,SMODE=”L”) (note 4)
Duty factor
40
50
60
%
Slave mode: high level width
tBCLKH
34
ns
Slave mode: high level width
tBCLKL
34
ns
Slave mode: clock rise time
tBR
6
ns
Slave mode: clock fall time
tBF
6
ns
note1) CKS1=CKS[1].CKS[0]=CKS0
note2) LRCLK and sampling rate ( fs ) must be identical.
note3) 48 fs is used for slave mode ( only 64 fs is available for hands-free mode )
note4) BITCLK-I or BITCLK is used as clock input. BITCLK must be precisely divided into 64 clocks
in 1 fs time.
[MS0296-E-00]
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[ASAHI KASEI]
[AK7750]
2) Reset
(AVDD=DVDD=3.0 to 3.6V,Ta=-40°C to 85°C)
Parameter
Symbol
tRST
INIT_RESET
note 1)
min
400
typ
max
Units
ns
CK_RESET
tRST
400
ns
S_RESET
tRST
400
ns
note1) At the power-on, it is OK to keep this pin to “L”. “H” transition must be made after the power-on and
master clock is full running.
3) Audio Interface
(AVDD=DVDD=3.0 to 3.6V,Ta= Ta=-40°C to 85°C, CL=20pF)
Parameter
Symbol
min
Slave mode
BITCLK frequency
Delay time from BITCLK"↑“ to LRCLK note1)
Delay time from LRCLK to BITCLK"↑" note1)
Delay time from LRCLK to serial data output
Delay time from BITCLK to serial data output
Serial data input latch hold time
Serial data input latch setup time
Master mode
fBCLK
tBLRD
tLRBD
tLRD
tBSOD
tBSIDS
tBSIDH
48
40
40
Delay time from BITCLK"↑" to LRCLK note1)
Delay time from LRCLK to BITCLK"↑" note1)
Delay time from LRCLK to serial data output
Delay time from BITCLK to serial data output
Serial data input latch hold time
Serial data input latch setup time
PCM Interface mode (SF/LF)
tBLRD
tLRBD
tLRD
tBSOD
tBSIDS
tBSIDH
LRCLK frequency
fLRCK
fBCLK
8
tBLRD
tLRBD
tLRD
tBSOD
tBSIDS
tBSIDH
tLCKKH
tLCLKH
tLCLKL
40
40
Delay time from LRCLK to serial data output
Delay time from BITCLK to serial data output
Serial data input latch hold time
Serial data input latch setup time
LRCLK high level width (SF)
LRCLK high level width (LF)
LRCLK low level width (LF)
64
64
fs
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
64
50
40
40
80
80
40
40
48
64
50
BITCLK duty factor
Delay time from LRCLK to BITCLK"↓" note1)
Units
40
40
fBCLK
Delay time from BITCLK"↑" to LRCLK note1)
max
80
80
BITCLK frequency
BITCLK duty factor
BITCLK frequency
typ
80
80
40
40
64
300
1200
fs
%
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
kHz
fs
%
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
fs
ns
ns
Note 1) this value is specified such that LRCLK edge and rising edge of BITCLK never overlap
[MS0296-E-00]
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2005/03
[ASAHI KASEI]
[AK7750]
4) Microprocessor Interface
(AVDD=DVDD=3.0 to 3.6V,Ta= Ta=-40°C to 85°C, CL=20pF)
Parameter
symbol
min
typ
max
Units
8
8
8
8
µC I/F signal
RQ fall time
RQ rise time
SCLK fall time
SCLK rise time
SCLK low level width
SCLK high level width
tWRF
tWRR
tSF
tSR
tSCLKL
tSCLKH
100
100
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
tREW
tWRE
tWRQH
tWSC
tSCW
tSIS
tSIH
200
200
200
200
12×tMCLK
100
100
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
µC → AK7750
S_RESET "↓" to RQ "↓"
RQ "↑" to S_RESET "↑"
note1)
RQ high level width
Time from RQ "↓" to SCLK"↓"
Time from SCLK"↑" to RQ "↑"
SI latch setup time
SI latch hold time
AK7750 → µC (DBUS output)
tSDR
tSIDR
tSIH
tSOS
tSOH
SCLK"↑" to DRDY"↓"
Time from SI "↑" to DRDY"↓"
SI high level width
Delay time from SCLK"↓" to SO output
Hold time from SCLK "↑" to SO outout
AK7750 → µC (RAM DATA read-out)
SI latch setup time(SI="H")
SI latch setup time(SI="L")
SI latch hold time
Delay time from SCLK "↓" to SO output
AK7750 → µC (CRC result-out)
tRSISH
tRSISL
tRSIH
tSOD
100
100
30
30
30
100
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
note2)
Delay time from RQ "↑" to SO output
Delay tiem from RQ "↓" to SO output
3×tMCLK
3×tMCLK
3×tMCLK
note3)
tRSOC
tFSOD
200
ns
ns
8
8
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
50
CS (EESEL=”L” or open)
CS fall time
CS rise time
Time from S_RESET "↓" to CS "↓"
Time from CS "↑" to S_RESET "↑"
CS high level width
tCSF
tCSR
tWRCS
tWCSR
tWCSH
Time from CS "↓" to RQ "↓"
tWCSRQ
Time from RQ "↑" to CS "↑"
tWRQCS
CS "↓" to SO,RDY,DRDY Hi-Z release (RL=10kΩ)
CS "↑" to SO,RDY,DRDY Hi-Z (RL=10kΩ)
tCSHR
tCSHS
400
400
800
400
400
600
600
EEPROM → AK7750(EESEL=”H”)
tEESOS
100
ns
tEESOH
100
ns
Note1: Excluding an external conditional jump at reset.
Note2: This is a case where the remainder of serial data D( x) ,divided by the Generator Polynomial G (x) is
equal to R (x). SO becomes “H”.
Note3: This means that data must be taken into the microprocessor 50 ns earlier than the falling edge of
RQ (this applies when no read-out is made during RUN).
EESO latch setup time
EESO latch hold time
[MS0296-E-00]
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2005/03
[ASAHI KASEI]
[AK7750]
(6) Timing waveform
6-1) System clock
1/fXTI
1/fXTI
tXTI=1/fXTI
XTI
VIH
VIL
tCR
tCF
1/fs
1/fs
LRCLK
VIH
VIL
tLR
1/fBCLK
1/fBCLK
tLF
tBCLK=1/fBCLK
VIH
BITCLK
VIL
tBCLKH
tBR tBF
tBCLKL
6-2) Reset
INIT RESET
tRST
INIT_RESET
VIL
S_RESET
CK_RESET
[MS0296-E-00]
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2005/03
[ASAHI KASEI]
[AK7750]
6-3) Audio Interface
a) Standard/I2S Compatible Format
LRCLK
50%DVDD
tBLRD
tLRBD
50%DVDD
BITCLK
tLRD
tBSOD
SDOUT *
50%DVDD
tBSIDS
tBSIDH
50%DVDD
SDIN *
SDIN *=SDIN1,SDIN2,SDIN3,SDIN4,SDIN5A
SDOUT *=SDOUT1,SDOUT2,SDOUT3,SDOUT4
b) PCM Format
tLCLK
LRCLK
50%DVDD
tLCLKH
tLCLKH
LRCLK
50%DVDD
tBLRD
tLRBD
BITCLK
50%DVDD
tLRD
tBSOD
SDOUT ∗
50%DVDD
tBSIDS
tBSIDH
SDIN ∗
50%DVDD
SDIN ∗=SDIN1,SDIN2,SDIN3,SDIN4,SDIN5A
SDOUT∗=SDOUT1,SDOUT2,SDOUT3,SDOUT4A
[MS0296-E-00]
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2005/03
[ASAHI KASEI]
[AK7750]
6-4) µC Interface
„ µC interface signal
VIH
VIL
RQ
tWRF
tSF
tWRR
tSR
VIH
VIL
SCLK
tSCLKL
tSCLKH
„ µC → AK7750
tREW
tWRE
50%DVDD
S_RESET
RQ
50%DVDD
tWRQH
50%DVDD
SCLK
tWSC
tSCW
tWSC
SI
tSCW
50%DVDD
tSIS
tSIH
Note: Timing is identical in RUN mode except that S_RESET becomes “H.
[MS0296-E-00]
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2005/03
[ASAHI KASEI]
[AK7750]
„ AK7750 → µC(DBUS output)
1) DBUS
24bit output
DVDD
50%DVDD
DVSS
S_RESET
DVDD
50%DVDD
DVSS
RQ
50%DVDD
50%DV
DVSS
SI
50%DVDD
tSDR
DRDY
SCLK
50%DVDD
tSOH
SO
2) DBUS
50%DVDD
tSOS
under 24 Bit output ( SI is used )
DVDD
50%DVDD
DVSS
S_RESET
DVDD
50%DVDD
DVSS
RQ
SI
tSIH
DRDY
tSIDR
50%DVDD
50%DVDD
SCLK
50%DVDD
SO
[MS0296-E-00]
50%DVDD
tSOS
24
2005/03
[ASAHI KASEI]
[AK7750]
„ AK7750 → µC(RAM DATA read-out)
50%DVDD
DVSS
S_RESET
50%DVDD
DVSS
RQ
tRSIH
tRSISL
50%DVDD
SI
tRSISH
tRSIH
tRSISL
SCLK
50%DVDD
SO
50%DVDD
tSOD
„ AK7750 → µC(CRC check: remainder of D (x) / G (x) ) = R (x))
50%DVDD
RQ
tRSOC
tFSOC
SO
[MS0296-E-00]
50%DVDD
25
2005/03
[ASAHI KASEI]
[AK7750]
„ CS (EESEL=”L” or OPEN)
tWRCS
tWCSR
50%DVDD
S_RESET
CS
50%DVDD
tWCSH
50%DVDD
RQ
tWRQCS
tWCSRQ
tCSF
tCSR
VIH
50%DVDD
VIL
CS
tCSHR
tCSHS
90%DVDD
50%DVDD
10%DVDD
SO,RDY,DRDY
DVDD
Measurement
Circuit
RL
SO,RDY,DRDY
CL
RL
„ EEPROM → AK7750
EECK
50%DVDD
EESO
50%DVDD
tEESOS
[MS0296-E-00]
tEESOH
26
2005/03
[ASAHI KASEI]
[AK7750]
Functional Description
( 1 ) Various Pin Setting
1) CKS1,CKS0 : Master Clock ( MCLK ) Set pin
CKSX : Master Clock Select pin
The AK7750 usually operates using a 36.864 MHz Master Clock (MCLK) (or 33.8688 MHz). When CKSX =
“H”, the XTI input clock is selected by the CKS1 and CKS0 pins.
In addition to the normal use described above, the AK7750 can also operate using BITCLK-I or BITCLK as
a master clock input during slave mode operation (SMODE = “L”) by setting CKSX = “L”.
Since the AK7750 is running in slave mode instead of master mode, certain modes may not be available
since the AK7750 modes are restricted by the incoming audio clock.
„ Mode setting by CKSX, CKS1, CKS0 pins
a ) XTI selection at CKSX = “H”
XTI
CKS
fs: sampling frequency
Internal
XTI
mode [1:0]
XTI
Fs:48kHz series
fs:44.1kHzseries
0
0h
MCLK/3
12.288MHz
11.2896MHz
1
1h
MCLK/2
18.432MHz
16.9344MHz
2
2h
MCLK*(2/3)
24.576MHz
22.5792MHz
3
3h
MCLK
36.864MHz
33.8688MHz
note) CKS1 = CKS[1],CKS0 = CKS[0]
A crystal oscillator cannot be used in XTI mode 3.
For hands-free mode, use fs = 48 KHz.
PLL
use
use
use
not use
Sample-rate setting is performed using the (CONT0) control register.
Usually XTI modes 0 and 1 are used (XTI mode 0 is selected when CKS1 and CKS0 pins are left open).
XTI mode 2 is only used when a 512 fs clock is available externally. XTI mode 3 is used when the PLL is
not used.
To change clock settings after power on (CKS1, CKS0 and CKSX),an initial reset ( INIT_RESET = “L”,
S_RESET = “L”), or during a clock reset ( CK_RESET = “L”, S_RESET = “L”) should be performed.
Since the PLL circuit and internal clocks are controlled by CKS1, CKS0 and CKSX pins, an erroneous
operation may occur if any pin setting changes occur under any conditions other than those described
above (same conditions apply when changing the input for XTI).
A reset can be performed using either the pin CK_RESET or the CKRST bit (CONT0:D1) in control
register. When using the register RESET, the CK_RESET pin should be set to “H” or should be linked
together with INIT_RESET pin.
CK_RESET (pin)
CKRST(reg.)
CK_RESET
(H:RESET)
CK_RESET (pin) and CKRST(reg.) relation
[MS0296-E-00]
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2005/03
[ASAHI KASEI]
[AK7750]
b) BITCLK(_I ) Selection at CKSX = “L” ( SMODE = “L” )
EESEL=”L”
BCK
CKS
mode [1:0]
0
0h
1
1h
2
2h
3
3h
BITCLK_I
BITCLK_I
MCLK/12
MCLK/6
MCLK/3
MCLK/72
(64fs)
sample rate
standard speed
double speed
4X speed
fs=8kHz
fs: sampling frequency
@SMODE=”L”
fs:48kHz series fs:44.1kHz series
3.072MHz
2.8224MHz
6.144MHz
5.6448MHz
12.288MHz
11.2896MHz
512kHz
-
Internal
PLL
use
use
use
use
EESEL=”H”
BCK
CKS
BITCLK
(64fs)
@SMODE=”L”
Internal
mode [1:0] BITCLK
sample rate
fs:48kHz series fs:44.1kHz series
PLL
0
0h MCLK/12
standard speed
3.072MHz
2.8224MHz
use
1
1h MCLK/6
double speed
6.144MHz
5.6448MHz
use
2
2h MCLK/3
4x speed
12.288MHz
11.2896MHz
use
3
3h MCLK/72
fs=8kHz
512kHz
use
note1) CKS1 = CKS[1],CKS0 = CKS[0]
note2)BITCLK_I clock is selected at EESEL = “L” and BITCLK clock is selected at EESEL = “H”.
note3) Hands-free mode is available only when BCK mode 3 is selected.
BCK modes are also used to generate internal master clock other than used as a primary bit clock.
Therefore some limitations exist when to use BITCLK (_I) (for details, please refer to item b) of the Clock
Source description).
BCK mode is not available when the device operates at master mode.
The sampling rate is fixed by BCK mode that is not affected by the speed setting (standard speed,
double speed, and 4x speed) of the control register.
Both of internal ADC and DAC are not available when BCK mode 1or 2 is selected. PSAD(D7) bit in
CONT2 register and PSCODEC(D7) bit in the CONT6 register should be set to “1”.
Please set XTI = “L” when XTI is not used at all.
When to switch setting of CKS1, CKS0 and CKSX after the power-on, it should be done either during the
initial reset ( INIT_RESET = “L”, S_RESET = “L” ) or during the clock reset ( CK_RESET = “L”,
S_RESET = “L” ). Since PLL circuit and internal clocks are controlled by CKS1, CKS0 and CKSX pins,
an erroneous operation may occur if any pin set change is taken place under any conditions other than
those described above (same conditions apply when to change input BITCLK(_I)).
Instead of CK_RESET , D1 bit in control register (CONT0: D1 ) can be used. In this case, CK_RESET
pin should be set to “H” or should be linked together with INIT_RESET pin.
CK_RESET (pin)
CK_RESET
(H:RESET)
CKRST(reg.)
CK_RESET (pin) and CKRST(reg.) relation
[MS0296-E-00]
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[AK7750]
„ Clock Sources
a ) XTI selection at CKSX = “H”.
Clocks can be supplied to the AK7750’s XTI pin as follows:
When one of the XTI Modes 0,1 and 2 is used, either connect a proper crystal oscillator between XTI and
XTO pins or feed a clock of proper frequency to the XTI pin.
XTI
XTO
AK7750
When a crystal oscillator is used: XTI Modes 0,1,2
When XTI Mode 3 is used, feed a clock of proper frequency to the XTI pin.
XTI
External Clock
XTO
AK7750
When an external clock is used : XTI Mode 3
[MS0296-E-00]
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[ASAHI KASEI]
[AK7750]
b) BITCLK(_I) Selection at CKSX = “L” (`SMODE=”L”)
BCK Modes 0,1,2 are used when bit clock ( BITCLK_I,BITCLK ) is used instead of XTI. A clock fed on the
BITCLK-I pin is directly frequency-multiplied by the PLL and a master clock (MCLK) is generated.
XTI
0
1
Divider
PLL
XTO
BITCLK_I
Cloc
BITCLK
0
1
EESEL
MCLK
BITCLK
SMODE
CKSX
AK7750
Internal connection image diagram
Input on BITCLK(_I) pin a divided-by-64 clock of the LRCLK(_I) ( 64fs ).
( BITCLK( _I) must be in synchronized with LRCLK (_I)).
LRC LK _I
L e ft c h
LRC LK
R ig h t c h
B IT C L K _ I
B IT C L K
3 2 × B IT C L K _ I(B IT C L K )
Figure
[MS0296-E-00]
3 2 × B IT C L K _ I(B IT C L K )
BITCLK ( -I ) and LRCLK ( -I ) relation ( BITCLK ( -I ) = LRCLK ( -I ) / 64 )
30
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[ASAHI KASEI]
[AK7750]
„ Modes vs. PLL Relation
a) XTI Selection at CKSX = “H”
In the AK7750, the internal master clock MCLK usually runs at 36.864 MHz max. as shown below.
XTI mode0
XTI
12.288MHz/11.2896MHz
XTI mode1
Divider
&
PLL
XTI
18.432MHz/16.9344MHZ
XTImode2
XTI
24.576MHz/22.5792MHz
XTImode3
XTI
36.864MHz/33.8688MHz
MCLK
36.864MHz/33.8688MHz
Figure
MCLK
36.864MHz/33.8688MHz
Mode Set vs. MCLK (internal master clock) relation
b) BITCLK( _I) Selection at CKSX = “L” ( @SMODE = “L” )
In the AK7750, the internal master clock MCLK usually runs at 38.864 MHz max. as shown below.
BCK mode0
BITCLK I
3.072MHz/2.8224MHz
BCK mode1
BITCLK I
6.144MHz/5.6448MHz
BCK mode2
BITCLK I
12.288MHz/11.2896MHz
Figure
[MS0296-E-00]
(fs=48kHz/44.1kHz only)
(fs=96kHz/88.2kHz only)
(fs=192kHz/172.4kHz only)
Divider
&
PLL
MCLK
36.864MHz/33.8688MHz
Mode Set vs. MCLK ( internal master clock ) relation
31
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[ASAHI KASEI]
[AK7750]
2) SMODE: Slave, Master Mode Select pin
Set the input /output of LRCLK and BITCLK.
a) Slave Mode : SMODE = “L “
• EESEL = “ L “
LRCLK_I (1fs) & BITCLK_I (64fs) become inputs.
LRCLK_I,BITCLK_I are directly output on LRCLK_O and BITCLK_O respectively. Output can be set via
a control register.
Note) 48fs can be input on BITCLK_I pin for modes other than hands-free mode or when CKSX = “L”
(64fs corresponds to hands-free mode and CKSX = “L”).
CD etc
(Master Equip.)
XTI
LRCLK_I
Clk Gen.
BITCLK_I
SMODE
LRCLK_O
BITCLK_O
DAC etc.
(Slave Equip.)
CLKO
AK7750
At CKSX = “H”, XTI and LRCLK_I must be synchronized, but need not be in phase.
At CKSX = “L”, BITCLK_I and LRCLK_I must be synchronized.
• EESEL = “H”
LRCLK (1fs) and BITCLK (64fs) become inputs.
At CKSX = “H”, XTI and LRCLK must be synchronized, but need not be in phase.
At CKSX = “L”, BITCLK and LRCLK must be synchronized.
Note) 48fs can be input on BITCLK pin except in hands-free mode (64fs corresponds to hands-free
mode).
[MS0296-E-00]
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[ASAHI KASEI]
[AK7750]
b) Master Mode: SMODE = “H”
Master mode requires a clock input to XTI.
When a clock is applied to the XTI input, LRCLK (LRCLK_O) and BITCLK (BITCLK_O) are automatically
generated by an XTI-synchronized internal counter.
No output is available on LRCLK (LRCLK_O) and BITCLK (BITCLK_O) pins during an initial reset
( INIT_RESET = “L” ) or a system reset ( INIT_RESET = “H” and S_RESET = “L” ).
• EESEL = “L”
LRCLK_O(1fs ) and BITCLK_O( 64fs ) are output.
When LRCLK_I and BITCLK_I pins are not connected to any external circuit, these pins should be tied
low ( “L” level, (DVSS)).
When the AK7750 is used in Analog-to-Analog fashion and when LRCLK_O and BITCLK_O are not
required (SDIN and SDOUT pins are not used), BITCLK_O and LRCLK_O can be programmed by
setting a control register.
• EESEL = “H”
LRCLK ( 1fs ) and BITCLK ( 64fs ) are output.
When the AK7750 is used in Analog-to-Analog fashion and when LRCLK and BITCLK are not required
(SDIN and SDOUT pins are not used), BITCLK_O and LRCLK_O can be programmed by setting a
control register.
c) SMODE Pin Switching
Setting the SMODE pin function after power-on should be performed either during an initial reset
( INIT_RESET = “L” and S_RESET = “L”), or during a clock reset ( CK_RESET = “L” and S_RESET
= “L” ).
Since switching between Slave and Master modes is controlled by the SMODE pin, an erroneous
operation may occur if pin set changes take place under any conditions other than those described
above.
In Slave mode operation, internal clock phase-synchronization is performed at the release of system
reset (from S_RESET = “L” to “H” ). It should be noted that switching to Slave mode in the middle of an
operation may cause an erroneous results.
d) Corresponding Table of SMODE, CKSX and EESEL pins
CKSX
“H”
“H”
“H”
“H”
“L”
“L”
“L”
“L”
[MS0296-E-00]
SMODE
“L”
“H”
“L”
“H”
“L”
“L”
“H”
“H”
EESEL
“L”
“L”
“H”
“H”
“L”
“H”
“L”
“H”
selected CLK
XTI
XTI
XTI
XTI
BITCLK_I
BITCLK
N/A
N/A
33
note
not available
not available
2005/03
[ASAHI KASEI]
[AK7750]
( 2 ) Control Register Settings
In the AK7750, control registers are programmed via the microprocessor interface. There are 8 registers in
total. Each register is configured with 7 bits, but SCLK always requires 16 bit data clocks (8 bits for
Command Code and 8 bits for DATA ).
The Register configuration is listed below. Each control register value is set when D0 is written.
Control register writes are performed during a system reset ( S_RESET = “L” ), but reads can be
performed at any time during normal chip operation.
Control registers are initialized by an INIT_RESET = “L”. They are not initialized by a system reset
( S_RESET = “L” ).
TEST: for testing purpose (set to “0” )
X: The value “0” must be set with a write operation. Failure to do say will result in an unknown value during
a read operation.
Command
Name
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
Default
Code
W
R
60h
70h
CONT0
DFS2
DFS1]
DFS0
DIF2
DIF1
DIF0
CKRST
X
0000_000x
62h
72h
CONT1
DATARAM
RM
BANK1
BANK0
CMP_N
SS1
SS0
X
0000_000x
64h
74h
CONT2
PSAD
OUT3E_N
OUT2E_N
OUT1E_N
NRDY
TEST
TEST
X
0000_000x
66h
76h
CONT3
SWJX2
SWJX1
SWJX0_N
SWQ4
SWIA
SWQD
SWEE
X
0000_000x
68h
78h
CONT4
TEST
CLKS1
CLKS0
CLKE_N
BLCKE_N
TEST
X
0000_000x
6Ah
7Ah
CONT5
HF_RST_N
HF
PID
SSDIN4
SSDIN3
OP1
OP0
X
0000_000x
6Ch
7Ch
CONT6
PSCODEC
DAF
SF1
SF0
SMUTE
TEST
TEST
X
0000_000x
-
DCh
CONT7
SRRQ
CRCL
TEST
TEST
TEST
TEST
X
0000_000x
OUT4E
(PLLSTBY)
TEST
Note) Do not write other data values or addresses.
1. In order to prevent erroneous operation, write to the CONT0 and CONT5 registers only during a system
reset ( S_RESET = “L”).
2. It is recommended that CONT1 ~ CONT4, CONT6 ~ CONT7 registers are also only written to at a
system reset ( S_RESET =”L”).
3. TEST means for testing, and 0 should be written.
4. Default means an initialized value, to which register is initialized by INIT_RESET = “L”.
[MS0296-E-00]
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[AK7750]
1) CONT0 : Sampling Rate Selection and Interface Types
writing is possible only at a system reset ( S_RESET = “L”).
Name
Command
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
DFS2
DFS1
DFS0
DIF2
DIF1
DIF0
D1
D0
Default
Code
Write
Read
60h
70h
CONT0
c D7, D6, D5: DFS [2:0]
DFS
mode
0
1
2
3
4
DFS
[2:0]
0h
1h
2h
3h
7h
CKRST
X
0000_000x
Sampling Rate Set
fs(kHz)
48(,44.1)
96(,88.2)
192(,176.4)
32(,29.4)
8
fs: sampling frequency
AD
DA
operation
operation
{
{
×
×
×
×
{
{
{
{
DSP
STEP
768
384
192
1152
4608
note1) mode and sampling rate selection are only valid in modes 0 ~ 4.
note2) when selecting modes 1 or 2, “1” must be set at PSAD (D7) bit of CONT2 register and at PSCODEC
(D7) bit of CONT6 register. When CKSK is set to “L”, operation follows the CSK0 and CSK1 setting.
d D4, D3, D2: DIF [2:0]
DIF mode
0
1
2
3
4
Input Mode Selection of SDIN1, SDIN2, SDIN3H, SDIN4, SDIN5A
SMODE
“L”,”H”
“L”,”H”
“L”,”H”
“L”,”H”
“L”,”H”
“L”
“L”
DIF[2]
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
DIF[1]
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
DIF[0]
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
MSB-justified format(24bit)
LSB-justified format(24bit
LSB-justified format(20bit)
LSB-justified format(16bit)
I2S format(24bit)
PCM1 SF(64fs only)
PCM2 LF(64fs only)
e D1:CKRST
0: operating condition
1: internal clock reset
When CKS2, CKS1, CKS0 and SMODE pins are switched or when the XTI input clock is changed, the new
settings will take effect after toggling the CKRST from “1” to “0” (similar to CK_RESET pin).
f D1: Set “0”
note) under-lined values in c ~ e above indicate the default values
[MS0296-E-00]
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[AK7750]
2) CONT1: RAM control
This register should be changed only during a system reset ( S_RESET =”L”).
Command Code
Write
Read
62h
72h
Name
CONT1
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
DATARAM
RM
BANK1
BANK0
CMP_N
SS1
SS0
X
Default
0000_000x
c D7:DATARAM DATARAM addressing mode selector
0: Ring addressing mode
1: Linear addressing mode
DATARAM is 256-words x 24-bits and has 2 addressing pointers (DP0, DP1).
Ring addressing mode: The starting address increments by 1 every sample period.
Linear addressing mode: The starting address is always the same, DP0 = 00h and DP1 = 80h.
d D6:RM: Decompress bit mode
0: SIGN bit
1: Random data
When either Data Compression or Data Expansion mode is selected (CMP-N (D3) = “0”), data for the
lower bits where no data exists at the data expansion is selectable. When it is “0”, the sign bit is filled
in and when it is “0”, the M-series random number is filled in.
e D5,D4:BANK[1:0] DLRAM Setting
Mode
BANK1
BANK0
Memory
0
0
0
24bit 1kword(RAM A)
1
0
1
16bit 2kword(RAM A),24bit 1kword(RAM B)
2
1
0
24bit 1kword(RAM A),16bit 2kword(RAM B)
3
1
1
16bit 4kword(RAM A)
note) When a hands-free function is used, set the DLRAM at mode0, which allocates the memory for
hands-free processing.
At DLRAM mode3, both Pointers 0 & 1 can be used. With DLRAM modes0, 1 and 2, Pointer 0 is
allocated to RAM A and Pointer 1 is allocated to RAM B.
f D3:CMP_N 16bitDLRAM Compress & Decompress selector
When mode 1,2 or 3 is selected, this register can turn ON or OFF the compress/decompress function.
0 : Compression / Expansion ON
1 : Compression / Expansion OFF
When both compression and expansion are enabled (ON), the upper 23 bit data on DBUS is
compressed to 15 bit data and it is written into DLRAM.
In read mode, the 15 bit data is expanded and the resulting data is output on DBUS.
Lower bit setting during data expansion follows as is set by D6 : RM.
With this data compression, 23 bit equivalent Dynamic Range and 15 bit equivalent S/N + D are
obtained.
When both compression and expansion are disabled (OFF), the upper 16 bit data on DBUS is directly
written into or read out of DLRAM. During the read operation, the lower 16 bit returns to DBUS a value
of 0000h.
g D2,D1:SS[1:0] DLRAM setting of sampling timing (only for RAM A)
Mode
SS1
SS0
RAM A mode selected by BANK[1:0]
0
0
0
Update every sampling time
1
0
1
Update every 2 sampling time
2
1
0
Update every 4 sampling time
3
1
1
Update every 8 sampling time
Note) When modes 1,2 or 3 are selected, aliasing will occur.
h D0: set to “0”
Note) Underlines “_” mean default setting.
[MS0296-E-00]
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[AK7750]
3) CONT2: ADC control, Serial output set and others
Change this register only during a system reset state ( S_RESET =”L”).
Command
Name
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
PSAD
OUT3E_N
OUT2E_N
OUT1E_N
TEST
TEST
TEST
X
Default
Code
Write
Read
64h
74h
c
CONT2
0000_000x
D7:PSAD
0:Normal operation
1:ADC power save
When the ADC is not used, it is put into power-save mode by setting D7 = 1 (SDATA digital output of
ADC becomes 00 0000h). In a double or 4X speed mode, set this bit to “1”. When returning to
normal mode, write “0” to this bit during a system reset.
d
D6: OUT3E_N
0 : SDOUT3 output enable
1 : SDOUT3 = “L”
e
D5: OUT2E_N
0 : SDOUT2 output enable
1 : SDOUT2 = “L”
f
D4: OUT2E_N
0 : SDOUT1 output enable
1 : SDOUT1 = “L”
g
D3:TEST
0:Normal operation
1:Test mode (Do NOT use this mode)
h
D2:TEST
0:Normal operation
1:Test mode (Do NOT use this mode)
i
D1:TEST
0:Normal operation
1:Test mode (Do NOT use this mode)
j
D0: set “0”
Note): Underlines “_” mean default setting.
[MS0296-E-00]
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[ASAHI KASEI]
[AK7750]
4) CONT3 : Internal Path Select ( refer to (2) Total Block Diagram )
Writing during the system reset ( S_RESET = “L” ) is recommended.
Command Code
Write
Read
66h
76h
Name
CONT3
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
SWJX2
SWJX1
SWJX0_N
SWQ4
SWIA
SWQD
SWEE
X
Default
0000_000x
c D7:SWJX2
0: SDIN3 / JX2 pin is used as SDIN3 pin (JX2 = 0).
1: SDIN3 / JX2 pin is used as JX2 pin.
d D6:SWJX1
0: SDIN4 / JX1 pin is used as SDIN4 pin (JX1 = 0).
1: SDIN4 / JX1 pin is used as JX1 pin.
e D5:SWJX0_N
0: JX0 / SDIN5A pin is used as JX0 pin.
1: JX0 / SDIN5A pin is used as SDIN5A pin (JX0 =0).
f D4:SWQ4
0: DSP SDOUT4 is selected.
1: ADC SDATA-AD is selected.
g D3:SWIA
0: ADC SDATA-AD is selected.
1: JX0 / SDIN5A pin is selected.
h D2:SWQD
0: DSP SDOUT4 is output
1: Data selected by SWIA is output.
i D1:SWEE Status Information Select ( EESEL = “H” )
0: HFST N is selected.
1: EEST is selected.
j D0 : set “0”
note) Under-lined set values in c ~i above indicate the default values.
[MS0296-E-00]
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[ASAHI KASEI]
[AK7750]
5) CONT4 : CLKO and Other Setting
Writing during the system reset ( S_RESET = “L”) is recommended.
Command Code
Write
Read
68h
78h
Name
CONT4
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
TEST
CLKS1
CLKS0
CLKE_N
BLCKE_N
OUT4E
TEST
X
Default
0000_000x
c D7:TEST
0: normal operation
1: Test mode (do not use)
d D6,D5:CLKS1,CLKS0 CLKO Output Clock Select
CLKO outputs “L” level during the system reset. After the release of the system reset, selected value is
output by CLKS1 and CLKS0.
CLKS mode CLKS1
CLKS0
CLKO
0
0
0
see the following table
1
0
1
MCLK/3
2
1
0
MCLK/2
3
1
1
N/A
1) in CLKS mode 0, at CKSX = “1” or ( CKSX = “L” & SMODE = “H” )
fs: sampling frequency
DFS
DFS
fs(kHz)
CLKO output
mode
[2:0]
0
0h
48(,44.1)
256fs
1
1h
96(,88.2)
N/A
2
2h
192(,176.4)
N/A
3
3h
32(,29.4)
256fs
4
7h
8
1024fs
2) in CLKS mode 0,at CKSX = “L” & SMODE = “L”
fs: sampling frequency
BCK
CKS pin
fs(kHz)
CLKO
mode
[1:0]
output
0
0h
48(,44.1)
256fs
1
1h
96(,88.2)
N/A
2
2h
192(,176.4)
N/A
3
3h
8
1024fs
e D4:CLKE_N CLKO Output Control pin
0: CLKO output select
1: CLKO output is set to “L”.
f D3:BITCLKE_N BITCLK, LRCLK Output Control pin
0: enables outputs of BITCLK,LRCLK(@EESEL=“H”,SMODE=“H”),BITCLK_O,LRCLK_O
1: sets BITCLK, LRCLK(@EESEL = “H”, SMODE = “H” ),BITCLK_O,LRCLK_O outputs to either “L” or
“H” .
g D2:OUT4E
0: SDOUT4A = “L”
1: SDOUT4A output enable
h D1:TEST
0: normal operation
1: Test mode (do not use)
i D0 : set “0”.
note) Under-lined set values in c ~h above indicate the default values.
[MS0296-E-00]
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[ASAHI KASEI]
[AK7750]
6) CONT5 : HF Set & Instruction Set
The setting is enabled only during the system reset ( S_RESET = “L” ).
Name
Command
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
HF_RST_N
HF
PID
SSDIN4
SSDIN3
D2
D1
D0
OP0
X
Default
Code
Write
Read
6Ah
7Ah
CONT5
OP1
0000_000x
c D7: HF_RST_N
0: reset the ARM for hands-free use.
1: release the reset of the ARM for HF use.
Set HF-RST-N = 1 and after the system reset is released, it is put into hands-free mode.
In order to return from the hands-free mode to normal DSP mode, set HF-RST-N = 0.
d D6: HF
0: normal mode set
1: hands-free mode set
DSP_SDIN3 and DSP_SDOUT3 are switched to the ARM interface.
SDIN3 cannot be used (can be used as JX1). Output of PIN-SDOUT3 becomes “L”.
e D5: PID Selection of hands-free parameters sets
0 : ROM data is used (Default set of hands-free parameters)
1 : Param Register RAM is used
Noise canceller uses the customized parameter set which is allocated in RAM area.
procedure for getting the optimized hands-free parameters is described in the page <TBD>.
The
f D4: SSDIN4 Selection of DSP instrcution
0 : ODRB*,MSRG*
1 : INL4*, INR4*(SDIN4 Digital Input)
This bit switches the source of DBUS from ODRB*, MSRG* to INL4*, INR4*.
(*: ODRB, MSRG, INL4, INR4 are assembler code. Please see other document for the detail)
g D3: SSDIN3 Selection of DSP instruction
0 : TDR2*, TDR3* (DR2, DR3 Through Output)
1 : INL3*, INR3* (SDIN3 Digital Input)
This bit switches the source of DBUS from TDR2*, TDR3* to INL3*, INR3*.
(*: TDR2, TDR3, INL3, INR3 are assembler code. Please see other document for the detail)
h D2, D1 : OP1, OP0
Offset- RAM- Pointer Mode Select
mode
OP1
OP0
Pointer 1
Pointer 0
0
0
0
DBUS immediate pointer
OFFSET indirect pointer
1
0
1
OFFSET indirect pointer
OFFSET indirect pointer
2
1
0
DBUS immediate pointer
DBUS immediate pointer
3
1
1
N/A
N/A
note) Even when DLC* is issued in mode 1, the offset address (location) is valid.
(*: DLC is assembler code. Please see other document for the detail)
i D0 : set “0”.
note) Under-lined set values in c ~h above indicate the default values.
[MS0296-E-00]
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[ASAHI KASEI]
[AK7750]
7) CONT6 : DAC Setting etc
Command Code
Write
Read
6Ch
7Ch
Name
CONT6
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
PS
DAF
SF1
SF0
SMUTE
TEST
TEST
X
Default
0000_000x
CODEC
c D7:PSCODEC ADC, DAC power-down
0: normal operation
1: power –down ADC, and DAC
Note1) PDAD bit in the CONT2 register must be set to “1” when this bit is set to “1”.
Note 2) In a double or 4X speed mode, this bit, and PSAD bit must be set to “1”.
d D6: DAF
Selection of DAC digital filter
0: DAC digital filter characteristics a) in page 17
1: DAC digital filter characteristics b) in page 17
The change must be set at system reset.
When the sample rate is set to 8kHz, DAF=”1” is recommended
e D5, D4: SF1, SF0
SF mode
0
1
2
3
Selection of DAC soft mute cycle time
SF1
0
0
1
1
SF0
0
1
0
1
1008 LRCLK cycle
4032 LRCLK cycle
504 LRCLK cycle
2016 LRCLK cycle
f D3: SMUTE
Soft Mute Selection
0 : normal operation
1 : DAC soft mute enable
g D2:TEST(SEL_MCLK)
0 : normal operation
1 : Test mode (do not use).
h D1:TEST(PLLSTBY)
0 : normal operation
1 : Test mode (do not use).
i D0 : set “0”.
note) Under-lined set values in c ~ h above indicate the default values.
[MS0296-E-00]
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[AK7750]
8) CONT7 : Hands-Free Status / Request
Command Code
Write
X
Name
D7
D6
SRRQ
TEST
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
TEST
TEST
TEST
TEST
X
Default
Read
DCh
CONT7
TEST
0000_000x
*) This register, together with HFST pin, is used to inform the host microcontroller that the hands-free
operation is enabled. HFST pin is usually at “H” but when an exception/interrupt occurs, this pin notifies
the host(this pin becomes “L”, and SRRQ goes to “1”).
Upon receipt of HFST = “L”, the host is expected to read and process the CONT7 register, depending on
the register content. This register is cleared by setting S_RESET pin to “L”, and HFST pin returns to “H”.
Reading should be made during S_RESET = “H” (during RUN ).
c D7:SRRQ
0: normal operation
1: requests that the host enable S-RESET.
This bit Indicates that a hardware-related error has occurred in hands-free mode.
If same error occurs again , initialize the AK7750 by issuing S_RESET = “L”.
d D6,D5,D4,D3,D2,D1,D0:TEST_MON
Monitor pin for test.
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[AK7750]
(3) Power-ON Sequence
Power-On while holding INIT_RESET = “L” and S_RESET = “L”.
Control registers are initialized during INIT_RESET = “L” ( see note 1 and note 2 ).
After power is applied, INIT_RESET = “H” and REF generating circuit ( Analog Reference Voltage
source ) and PLL are turned on, and master clock is generated by the PLL.
Communication with the AK7750 should be made after the PLL oscillation is stabilized (50ms@ XTI mode,
and BCK mode 0/1/2; [email protected] mode 3).
An initialization by INIT_RESET is usually required only for power- on.
The power should be turned on when CK_RESET pin is linked with INIT_RESET or while it is fixed to
“H”.
Note1) to assure proper initialization, it is necessary that power is turned on and then the master clock
(XTI) is supplied.
Note2) when a crystal oscillator is used, INIT_RESET should be set to “H” after the oscillation is
stabilized. Stabilization time of the oscillation varies depending upon types of crystal oscillators and
external circuits used.
Note) Do not stop the system clocks (Slave Mode: XTI, LRCLK, BITCLK and Master Mode : XTI ) except
during the initial reset ( INIT_RESET = “L” and S_RESET = “L” ) or at a system reset ( S_RESET = “L” )
or at a Clock reset ( CK_RESET = “L” ).
If these clocks are not applied, there is a possibility that an excess current will flow, causing erratic
operation.
AVDD
DVDD
INIT_RESET
( CK_RESET )
S_RESET
XTI
(internal PLLCLK)
CLKO
Power Off
INIT_RESET =”H”
after crystal startup
command code
PLL startup time
loading of DSP program
Inhibit of command
(no time-constraint)
50 ms@ XTI mode
[email protected] mode 0/1/2
[email protected] mode 3
start CLKO output
Figure Power-up Sequence
[MS0296-E-00]
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[AK7750]
(4) About Reset
The AK7750 has 3 reset pins, INIT_RESET , S_RESET and CK_RESET .
There are 2 reset bits in control registers HF_RESET_N (CONT5 D7) and CKRST (CONT0 D1).
A clock reset CK_RESET (CKRST) will be described in section (5) , “Switching Clocks”.
When the CK_RESET pin is not used, either connect it to the INIT_RESET pin or set it to “H”.
HF_RESET_N is described in section (2) “Control Register Settings”.
INIT_RESET is used to initialize the AK7750 as is described in the Power-on Sequence description.
When changing CKS1, CKS0, CKSX or SMODE, or when changing the XTI pin’s input clock frequency, it is
recommended to execute it during the initial reset ( INIT_RESET = “L”, S_RESET = “L” ). A change can
be made during a clock reset ( CK_RESET , CKRST) if audio interruption is acceptable and no other
setting changes are made.
Since the CKS1, CKS0, CKSX, SMODE and XTI pins are involved in PLL and internal clock control,
erroneous operation may occur if any changes are made other than during initial reset or clock reset.
With INIT_RESET = “H” & S_RESET = “L”, the device is put into system reset condition (“ reset
“implies a system reset ).
Usually program and RAM data is written during a system reset (excluding write during RUN).
During a system reset, both the ADC and DAC are reset. The REF generating circuit remains in operation.
CLKO output and LRCLK, BITCLK in Master mode are stopped during a system reset.
System reset is released by rising S_RESET to “H”, which starts the internal counters.
In Master mode, LRCLK and BITCLK are generated by the AK7750’s counters, which may generate a
clock conflict if other devices are not properly initialized. In Slave mode, when a system reset is released,
internal timing starts to operate in sync with the rising edge of LRCLK ( in standard input format ).
Timing adjustment between an external clock and internal timing is made during this time. During the
operation, if the phase-difference (both at the rising edge and at the falling edge) between LRCLK and
internal timing is within 2 clock pulses of BITCLK (64fs), operation continues.
When the phase-difference becomes larger than the above range, a phase adjustment is made in sync with
the rising edge of LRCLK ( in standard input format ).
This circuit protects the AK7750 from becoming out of sync with external circuits due to noise etc. Correct
data is not output for a while even after out-of-sync condition returns to normal.
In the ADC, data output is available 516 LRCLK clocks after the internal counters start to operate (internal
counters start to operate right after the release of system reset in Master mode, or in Slave mode
approximately 2 LRCLK clocks after the release of system reset).
The AK7750 returns to normal operation at the rising edge of S_RESET .
The AK7750 goes from normal state to system reset state by the falling edge of S_RESET .
not stop the input clock for 3 MCLK times period after the falling edge of S_RESET .
[MS0296-E-00]
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[AK7750]
(5) About Clock Changes
Changes to CKS1, CKS0, CKSX or SMODE are made during the system reset ( S_RESET = “L”,
INIT_RESET = “H”), or when an input clock is switched ( XTI @ CKSX= “H” or BITCLK (_I ) @ ( CKSX =
“L” & SMODE = “L”)). A clock reset is made using either the CK_RESET pin or by using CKRST control
register bit. After a reset, the internal Master clock, MCLK, is stopped and it is safe to change settings
(MCLK = 36.864 MHz or 33.8688 MHz) during the system reset.
After executing a system reset, clock reset is performed by changing the CK_RESET pin from “H” to “L”,
and by continuously supplying a clock- for a duration of longer than 120 / MCLK [us] from the falling edge
of CK_RESET ( S_RESET and CK_RESET pins can be simultaneously set to low ). When the CKRS
control register is used, the duration is 120 / MCLK [us] from the rising edge of 16th clock of CONT0.
Pin setting and input clock changes (XTI @ CKSX = “H” or BITCLK (_I) @ (CKSX = “L” & SMODE = “L”)
should be done after MCLK is stopped.
After changes are made and after the input clock is stabilized to the new value, release CK_RESET from
“L” to “H” and PLL is restarted.
Do not transmit the DSP program and coefficient data from the microprocessor until the PLL reaches stable
oscillation (about 25ms). Control register read/write operations are allowed after the input clock is stabilized
to the new value.
The AK7750 returns to normal operating condition by rising S_RESET to “H” after the DSP program
and coefficient data are transmitted. When pin-set- and clock input switches are made and µC interface is
not used, it is possible to raise both the CK_RESET and S_RESET pins simultaneously to return the
AK7750 to normal operation. However an internal circuit reset cannot be released until the PLL reaches its
stable oscillation (about 25ms) even if S_RESET is released.
S_RESET
CK_RESET
XTI
tCKFCK
pin setting
new input
PLLis stable
download
clock is stable
(about 25ms)
DSP program
clock change
read/write control register
Figure CK_RESET Sequence
XTI
tCKFCK
CKS
mode
0
1
2
3
[1:0]
0h
1h
2h
3h
BCK
tCKFCK table(BCK mode)
CKS
mode
0
1
2
3
[1:0]
0h
1h
2h
3h
[MS0296-E-00]
table(XTI mode)
tCKFCK(min)
XTI
MCLK/3
MCLK/2
MCLK*(2/3)
MCLK
BITCLK
MCLK/12
MCLK/6
MCLK/3
MCLK/72
XTI cycles
40
60
80
10
fs:48kHz series
3.3µs
3.3µs
3. 3µs
0.3µs
fs:44.1kHz series
3.6µs
3.6µs
3.6µs
0.3µs
tCKFCK(min)
BITCLK cycles
10
20
40
10
45
fs:48kHz series
3.3µs
3.3µs
3.3µs
19.5µs
fs:44.1kHz series
3.6µs
3.6µs
3.6µs
NA
2005/03
[ASAHI KASEI]
[AK7750]
(6) Audio Data Interface
Serial Audio Data pins, SDIN1, SDIN2, SDIN3, SDIN4, SDIN5A, SDOUT1, SDOUT2, SDOUT3, SDOUT4A
interface with external systems using LRCLK and BITCLK.
Proper control register settings are required. Please refer to the Total Block Diagram and the Control
Register Setting section.
Data Format is in 2’s complement with MSB first.
Supported Input and Output Formats are AKM’s standard format plus I2S compatible mode. In this mode,
interface of all input and output audio data pins are also I2S compatible.
The default setting is MSB-justified 24 bit format, but by properly setting the control register CONT0
DIF1(D3), DIF0 (D2), other formats such as LSB-justified 24-bit, LSB-justified 20-bit and LSB-justified 16bit are also supported (note : CONT0 DIFS (D4) = 0 ). However, SDIN1, SDIN2, SDIN3, SDIN4 and
SDIN5A must all be set to the same format, and cannot be independently set to support different formats.
Outputs SDOUT1, SDOUT2, SDOUT3 and SDOUT4A are in MSB-justified, fixed-24 bit data.
1) Standard Input Format ( DIF[2] = 0 : default value )
a) DIF mode 0 ( DIF[2:0] = 0h
: default value )
Left ch
LRCLK
Right ch
BITCLK
SDIN1 ∼ 5A
31 30 29 28 27
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 31 30 29 28 27
M 22 21 20 19
2 1 L
M 22 21 20 19
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
2 1 L
M: MSB, L: LSB
When MSB-justified 20-bit data is input to SDIN1, 2, 3, 4A, fill 4 zeros (“0”) in sequence, starting at the LSB
of each data.
b) DIF mode 1,2,3
SDIN1, 2, 3, 4, 5A
SDIN1, 2, 3, 4, 5A
SDIN1, 2, 3, 4, 5A
mode 1: (DIF[2:0] = 1h
mode 2: (DIF[2:0] = 2h
mode 3: (DIF[2:0] = 3h
LSB-justified 24 bit)
LSB-justified 20 bit)
LSB-justified 16 bit)
Right ch
Left ch
LRCLK
BITCLK
31 30
23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14
1 0 31 30
23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14
1 0
SDIN1∼5A
DIF mode 1
Don’t care M 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14
1 L Don’t care M 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14
1 L
SDIN1∼5A
DIF mode 2
Don’t care
M 18 17 16 15 14
1 L Don’t care
M 18 17 16 15 14
1 L
SDIN1∼5A
DIF mode 3
Don’t care
M 14
1 L Don’t care
M 14
1 L
M: MSB, LSB: LSB
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[AK7750]
2) I2S Compatible Input Format (DIF[2:0] = 4h)
Right ch
Left ch
LRCLK
BITCLK
31 30 29 28 27
SDIN1∼5A
M 22 21 20
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 31 30 29 28 27
M 22 21 20
3 2 1 L
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
3 2 1 L
M: MSB, L: LSB
3) Standard Output Format (DIF[2:0] = 0h, 1h, 2h, 3h)
Right ch
Left ch
LRCLK
BITCLK
SDOUT1
SDOUT2
SDOUT3
SDOUT4A
31 30 29 28 27
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 31 30 29 28 27
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
M 22 21 20 19
2 1 L
2 1 L
M 22 21 20 19
M: MSB, L: LSB
4) I2S Compatible Output Format (DIF[2:0] = 4h)
Left ch
LRCLK
Right ch
BITCLK
31 30 29 28 27
SDOUT1
SDOUT2
SDOUT3
SDOUT4A
[MS0296-E-00]
M 22 21 20
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 31 30 29 28 27
M 22 21 20
3 2 1 L
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
3 2 1
L
M:LSB, L: LSB
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5) PCM mode (DIF[2:0]=5h, 6h)
i) PCM1 SF(Short Frame) mode (BITCLK(_I)=64fs : fs=8kHz ∼ 48kHz)
FS
LRCLK(_I)
BITCLK(_I)
63 62 61 60 59
42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
SDIN1~5A
M 22 21 20 19
2 1 L
M 22 21 20 19
2 1 L
SDOUT1~4A
M 22 21 20 19
2 1 L
M 22 21 20 19
2 1 L
LRCLK_O
M:MSB,L:LSB
Right ch
Left ch
BITCLK_O
ii) PCM2 LF(Long Frame) mode (BITCLK(_I)=64fs : fs=8kHz ∼ 48kHz)
LRCLK(_I)
FS
BITCLK(_I)
63 62 61 60 59
42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
SDIN1~5A
M 22 21 20 19
2 1 L
M 22 21 20 19
2 1 L
SDOUT1~4A
M 22 21 20 19
2 1 L
M 22 21 20 19
2 1 L
LRCLK_O
M:MSB,L:LSB
Right ch
Left ch
BITCLK_O
[MS0296-E-00]
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(7)
[AK7750]
Microprocessor Interface
The microprocessor interface uses 6 control signals, RQ ( ReQuest Bar ), SCLK ( Serial data input
Clock ), SI ( Serial data Input ), SO ( Serial data Output ), RDY ( ReaDY ), DRDY ( Data ReaDY ).
The AK7750 has 2 types of write and read operations – write / read during reset (usually refers to system
reset) and, write / read during normal operation.
During reset, it is possible to write data into the control registers, program RAM, coefficient RAM, offset
RAM and to write external conditional jump codes. It is possible to read data from the control registers,
program RAM, coefficient RAM and offset RAM.
During normal operation, it is possible to write data into coefficient RAM, offset RAM, and to write external
conditional jump codes. It is also possible to read data on the DBUS ( Data Bus ) via SO and to read data
from control registers. Data is input or output in serial form with MSB first.
The interface between the microprocessor and the AK7750 (except for DBUS read operations) is enabled
by setting RQ to “L” of. Data is taken at the rising edge of SCLK and data is output at the falling edge of
SCLK. As for the data format, command code is input first, then address and coefficient data is input or
output. Since a single command is completed by setting RQ to “H”, in order to write a new command, it
is necessary to set RQ to low again after setting RQ to “H”.
Contrarily, DBUS data reads are of accomplished by setting RQ to “H” (no command code input ).
There is a case where SI is used as control signal, depending upon the application. In this case, this pin
should be protected spurious noise, as is the case of a normal clock signal..
Command Code table is listed below.
Conditions
for use
RESET
Phase
Code name
Remark
Command code
WRITE
READ
CONT0
60h
70h
For the function of each bit,
See the description of Control
CONT1
62h
72h
Registers
CONT2
64h
74h
CONT3
66h
76h
CONT4
68h
78h
CONT5
6Ah
7Ah
CONT6
6Ch
7Ch
CONT7
DCh
PRAM
C0h
C1h
CRAM
A0h
A1h
OFRAM
90h
91h
External condition jump
C4h
CRC check (R(x))
B6h
D6h
Hands free parameter
E0h
E1h
RUN
NA
above
Read available, same as RESET code.
CONT0∼CONT7
phase
address
CRAM rewrite preparation
A8h
It needs to do before CRAM rewrite
CRAM rewrite
A4h
OFRAM rewrite preparation 98h
It needs to do before OFRAM rewrite
OFRAM rewrite
94h
External condition jump
C4h
Same code as RESET
CRC check (R(x))
B6h
D6h
Same code as RESET
note: As there are some duplicated codes in use, command codes other than those listed above should not
be accessed, as erroneous operation may result. If no communication exists with a microprocessor, set
SCLK to “H” and SI to “L”.
[MS0296-E-00]
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1) Write during reset phase
a) Control register write (during reset phase)
The data consists of 2 bytes used to perform control register write operations (during reset phase). When
all data has been entered, the new data is stored in the register at the rising edge of the 16th count of
SCLK.
Data transfer procedure
c Command code
d Control data
60h, 62h, 64h, 68h, 6Ah, 6Ch, B8h
(D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 D0)
note) 40h, 44h and 48h are for testing and cannot be used.
For the function of each bit, see the description of Control registers, (section 2).
S_RESET
RQ
SCLK
SI
60h
64h
D7 ***D1 D0
D7 ***D1 D0
SO
Note) It must be set always 0 to D0.
Control Registers write operation
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b) Program RAM writes (during reset phase)
Program RAM write operations are performed during the reset phase using 7-bytes of data. When all data
has been transferred, the RDY terminal is set to "L". Upon completion of writing into the PRAM, RDY
returns “H” to allow the next data bit input. When writing to sequential addresses, input the data without a
command code or address. To write discontinuous data, shift the RQ terminal from "H" to "L" again and
then input the command code, address and data in that order.
Note) “L” period of RDY is shorter than 1 master clock (20ns) under typical condition
Data transfer procedure
c Command code
C0h (1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0)
d Address upper
(0 0 0 0 0 0 A9 A8)
e Address lower
(A7 . . . . . . . A0)
f Data
(D31
. . . . . . D24)
g Data
(D23
. . . . . . D16)
h Data
(D15
. . . . . . D8)
i Data
(D7
. . . . . . D0)
S_RESET
RQ
SCLK
SI
11000000
000000A9A8
A7 ****A1A0
D31***** D0
D31***** D0
RDY
SO
Input of continuous address data into PRAM
S_RESET
RQ
SCLK
SI
11000000
000000A9A8 A7**A1A0
D31***D0
11000000
000000A9A8 A7**A1A0
RDY
SO
Input of discontinuous address data into PRAM
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[AK7750]
c) Coefficient RAM write (during reset phase)
5 bytes of data are used to perform coefficient RAM write operations (during the reset phase). When all
data has been transferred, the RDY terminal goes to "L". Upon completing the CRAM write, RDY goes to
"H" to allow the next data to be input. When writing to sequential addresses, input the data as shown below.
To write discontinuous data, transition the RQ terminal from "H" to "L" and then input the command code,
address and data.
Note) “L” period of RDY is shorter than 1 master clock (20ns) under typical condition
Data transfer procedure
c Command code
A0h
d Address upper
e Address lower
f Data
g Data
(1 0 1 0 0 0
(0 0 0 0 0 0
(A7 . . . . .
(D15 . . . .
(D7
. . . .
0 0)
A9 A8)
. . A0)
. . D8)
. . D0)
S_RESET
RQ
SCLK
SI
10100000
000000A9A8
A7****A1A0
D15****D0
D15****D0
RDY
SO
Input of continuous address data into CRAM
S_RESET
RQ
SCLK
SI
10100000 000000A9A A7***A1A0 D15****D0
8
10100000
A7***A1A0 D15**
RDY
SO
Input of discontinuous address data into CRAM
[MS0296-E-00]
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[AK7750]
d) Offset RAM write (during reset phase)
Offset RAM Writes (at reset) are done by writing a command code first, then address and 3 bytes/set data.
After the data is transferred, the RDY pin becomes “L” and after writing Offset RAM is completed, it
becomes “H” and next data can be ready to input.
Data transfer procedure
c Command code
d Address
e Data
f Data
g Data
90h
(1
(0
(0
(0
(D7
0
0
0
0
.
0 1 0
A5 A4 ..
0 0 0
0 0 D11
.
.
.
0 0 0)
. . A0 )
0 0 0)
. . D8 )
. . D0 )
S_RESET
RQ
SCLK
SI
10010000
00A5****A0
00000000
000D12**** D8
D7****D1D0
RDY
SO
Input of data into OFRAM
[MS0296-E-00]
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[ASAHI KASEI]
[AK7750]
e) External conditional jump code write
(during reset phase)
External conditional jump code writes are made after all necessary operations, such as program downloads,
etc. are executed. Code writes are done in 2 bytes/set data. It is possible to input during both reset and in
normal operation mode. Input data is set at each assigned register at the rising edge of LCRLK. RDY pin
becomes “L” . After all data is transferred and it becomes “H” when write operation is finished.
External jump codes are 8-bits long and when any bit among the 11 code bits of JX0, JX1 and JX2 input
pins and any single bit of “1” in the IFCON field match, the jump instruction is executed.
When writing data during the reset, it can be executed only before reset is released after completing all
data transfers.
Setting RQ from “L” to “H” during reset mode writes should be made more than 2 MCLK clocks after
reset is released. RDY becomes “H” when the next rising edge of LRCLK is detected.
Write operations from the microprocessor are inhibited until RDY becomes “H”.
The IFCON field is an external condition, written in the DSP program.
This jump code is reset to 00h by setting INIT_RESET to “L”, however, it remains at its previous condition
even when S_RESET =”L”.
Note: It should be noted that the LRCLK phase is inverted in the I2S-compatible state.
External condition code
7
„
„
„
„
„
„
„
0
„
JX0
†
JX1
†
JX2
†
Check if any bit of a single “1” bit between the assigned bit by IFCON
and external jump code
IFCON field
16
‹
‹
Data transfer procedure
c Command code
d Code data
‹
‹
‹
‹
‹
9
‹
C4h ( 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0)
(D7 . .
. .
8
‹
7
‹
6
‹
. D0)
S_RESET
SCLK
SI
11000100 D7••••D0
SO
RQ
L ch
R ch
LRCLK
RDY
2LRCLK(max)
External conditional jump write operation timing (during reset phase)
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[AK7750]
f) Hands-Free Parameter RAM Write (at reset)
Hands-Free Parameter RAM Write operations (at reset) are executed in 4 bytes/set data.
When all data is transferred, the RDY pin becomes “L”. It becomes “H” after writing into Hands-Free
Parameter RAM is completed and next data can be input.
When writing data at the consecutive address locations, input data as is. When writing data at the
discontinuous address locations, input command code first, then address and data in this order after setting
RQ-N pin from “H” to “L”.
Data transfer procedure
c Command code
d Address
e Data
f Data
E0h ( 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0)
( 0 0 A5 . . . . A0)
(D15 . . . . . . D8)
(D7 . . . . . . D0)
S_RESET
RQ
SCLK
SI
11100000
00A5 A1 A0
D15yyyyD0
D15yyyyD0
RDY
SO
Input of continuous address data into Hands-free parameter RAM
S_RESET
RQ
SCLK
SI
11100000
00A5 A1 A0
D15yyyyD0
11100000
00A5 A1 A0
D15yyyyD0
RDY
SO
Input of discontinuous address data into Hands-free parameter RAM
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2) Read during reset phase
a) Control register data read (during reset phase)
Control Register Read operations (at reset) are executed in 16-bit SCLK clocks.
Control register values D7 ~ D1 are output at the falling edge of SCLK after command code is input.
is invalid, ignore this bit.
Data transfer procedure
c Command code
D0
70h, 72h, 74h, 76h, 78h, 7Ah, 7Ch, D8h, DAh, DCh
note) 50h,54h,58h are not usable as they are dedicated for testing.
For each bit function, please refer to section (2) Control Register Settings.
S_RESET
RQ
SCLK
SI
SO
70h(example)
74h(example)
D7yyyyD1
D7yyyyD1
Reading of control register data
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b) Program RAM read (during reset phase)
Program RAM reads require inputting a command code and address to be accessed and setting SCLK to
fall after setting SI to “H”. The output data is synchronized with the falling edge of SCLK (Ignore RDY
signal). When the requested read addresses are in consecutive locations, repeat the above procedure
again by setting SI to “H”.
Data transfer procedure
cCommand code input
C1h ( 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 )
dRead address input MSB
( 0 0 0 0 0 0 A9 A8)
eRead address input LSB
(A7 . . . . . . A0)
S_RESET
RQ
SCLK
SI
11000001
000000 A9A8 A7yyyy A1 A0
D31yyyyD0
SO
D31yyyyD0
RDY
CRAM Data Read
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c) Coefficient RAM Read (during reset)
Coefficient RAM reads require inputting a command code and address to be accessed and setting SCLK to
fall after setting SI to “H”. Data is output synchronized with the falling edge of SCLK. When the requested
read addresses are in consecutive locations, repeat the above procedure again by setting SI to “H”.
Data transfer procedure
c Command code A1h
d Address upper
e Address lower
(1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 )
(0 0 0 0 0 0 A9 A8)
(A7 . . . . .
. A0)
S_RESET
RQ
SCLK
SI
10100001
000000 A9A8 A7yyyyA1 A0
D15yyyyD0
SO
D15yyyyD0
RDY
CRAM data read
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d) Offset RAM Data Read ( during reset )
It is possible to read out the stored Offset RAM data during reset.
Read procedure involves inputting a command code and address to be accessed, and waiting for SCLK to
fall after setting SI to “H”. The data is then output in sync with the falling edge of SCLK.
Data transfer procedure
c Command code
d Address
91h ( 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 )
( 0 0 A5 . . . . A0)
S_RESET
RQ
SCLK
SI
10010001
00 A5yyyyA0
SO
D12yyyyD1 D0
D12yyyyD1 D0
D12yyyyD1 D0
RDY
OFRAM data read
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e) Hands-Free Parameter RAM Read ( during reset )
Hands-Free program RAM reads require inputting a command code and address to be accessed and
waiting for SCLK to fall after setting SI to “H”. The data is then output synchronized with the falling edge of
SCLK.
When the requested read addresses are in consecutive locations, repeat the above procedure again by
setting SI to “H”.
Read hands-free parameter RAM after writing “1” to HF_RST_N bit and HF bit in CONT5 register as shown
in the page 71
Data transfer procedure
c Command code
d Address
E1h ( 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 )
( 0 0 A5 . . . . A0)
S_RESET
RQ
SCLK
SI
11100000
00A5 A1 A0
SO
D15yyyyyD0
D15yyyyyD0
D15yyyyyD0
RDY
Hands-Free Parameter RAM Read
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3) Writing During RUN
a) Coefficient RAM write preparation and write ( under RUN condition )
This procedure is used to re-write the Coefficient RAM (CRAM) while a program is being executed. After
inputting a command code, data for up to 16 consecutive addresses can be written.
Next, input a write command code and a starting address. Rewriting of the RAM contents is executed
whenever a re-written address is assigned.
For example, this is how 5 writes are executed, starting at the Coefficient RAM address of “ 10 “:
Coefficient RAM execution address
7
8
9
write execution location
10 11 13 16 11 12 13 14 15
È È
È È È
| | Ç
| | |
*) Note that address “ 13 “ is not processed until the data at address “ 12 “ is re-written.
Data transfer procedure
* Write preparation
c Command code A8h (1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0)
d Data (D15 y y y y y y D8)
e Data (D7 y y y y y y D0)
* Write operation
c Command code A4h (1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0)
d Address upper (0 0 0 0 0 0 A9 A8)
e Address lower (A7 y y y y y y A0)
Note) Be sure to follow the procedure of write preparation first, then write. An erroneous operation occurs
if write is done without write preparation.
“L” period of RDY for the write preparation is shorter than 1
master clock (20ns) under typical condition
S_RESET =H
RQ
SCLK
SI
10101000 D15yyyyD0
10100100 0yyA9yyA0
AL
max 200ns
RDY
Longer of (16-n) x 2 MCLK
(n: number of data) and AL
RDYLG *)
SO
*) RDYLG pulse width is 2 LRCLK clock time maximum if a program is so written to rewrite a new address within a single sampling time. After this, RDY signal goes high.
CRAM Write Preparation and Write
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b) Offset RAM Write Preparation and Write ( under RUN condition )
This procedure is used to re-write Offset RAM (OFRAM) while a program is being executed. After inputting
a command code, data at up to 16 consecutive addresses to be re-written can be input . Next, input a write
command and a starting write address, and the re-write is executed whenever re-written address is
assigned. For example, this is how 5 writes are executed, starting at the Offset RAM address of “ 10 “:
Offset RAM execution address
7
8
9
write execution location
10 11 13 16 11 12 13 14 15
È È
È È È
| | Ç
| | |
Be noted that address “ 13 “ is not processed until data at address “ 12 “ is re-written.
Data transfer procedure
* Write preparation
c Command code 98h (1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0)
d Data (0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0)
e Data (0 0 0 D12 y y y D8)
f Data (D12 y y y y y y D8)
* Write operation
c Command code 94h (1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0)
d Address MSB (0 0 A5 y y y y A0)
Note) Be sure to follow the procedure of write preparation first, then write. An erroneous operation occurs
if write is done without write preparation.
“L” period of RDY for the write preparation is shorter than 1
master clock (20ns) under typical condition
S_RESET =H
RQ
SCLK
SI
10011000 00 D12yD0
10010100 00 A5yyA0
AL
max 200ns
RDY
Longer of (16-n) x 2 MCLK
(n: number of data) and AL
RDYLG *)
SO
*) RDYLG pulse width is 2 LRCLK clock time maximum if a program is so written to
surely re-write a new address within a single sampling time. After this, RDY signal
rises to high.
ORAM Write Preparation and Write
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c) External Conditional Jump Code Write ( under RUN condition )
External conditional jump code writes are executed in 2 bytes/set data.
It is possible to input during in both reset and normal operation modes. Input data is set to each assigned
register at the rising edge of LCRCK.
RDY pin goes “L” after all data is transferred and it becomes “H” when the write operation is completed.
External jump code is 8-bits and when any bit of this code and any single bit of “1“ in the IFCON field
matches, a jump instruction is executed.
Write from microprocessor is inhibited until RDY becomes “H”.
Note) please be noted that phase of LRCLK is inverted in case of I2S compatible interface mode.
Data transfer procedure
c Command code
d Code data
C4h ( 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 )
(D7 D6 . . . . . A0)
S_RESET =H
SCLK
SI
11000100 D7yyyyD0
SO
RQ
L ch
R ch
LRCLK
max: 2LRCLK
RDY
max: 0.25LRCLK
External Conditional Jump Write Timing (during RUN)
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4) Read During RUNNING
a) Control Register read out ( during RUN )
It is possible to read out Control Registers in RUN mode. D7 ~ D1 control register values are output at the
falling edge of SCLK after a command code is input. As no register exists at D0 location, “0” is always
output until the 16th rising edge of SCLK.
Note) when D0 data is taken at the 16th rising edge of SCLK, it is not necessarily always “0”, so please
ignore the D0 value (as it is indeterminate after the 16th rising edge of SCLK).
Data transfer procedure
c Command code 70h,72h,74h,76h,78h,7Ah,7Ch,D8h,DAh,DCh
note ) 50h,54h,58h are not used as they are for testing.
For each Bit function, please refer to section (2) Control Register Settings.
S_RESET =H
RQ
SCLK
SI
SO
70h(example)
74h(example)
D7yyyyD1
D7yyyyD1
Example of Control Register Read
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b) SO Read Out
SO can output data that is on the DSP Data Bus (DBUS).
Data is set using the @ MICR command and specifying a value in the DST field.
When the data is set, DRDY becomes “H” and data is output in sync with the falling edge of SCLK.
By setting SI to “H”, DRDY becomes “L” and waits for the next instruction.
Once DRDY becomes “H”, the @ MICR instruction data that sets DRDY “H” is retained until SI is set to “H”
or until 24 bits of data are output by SCLK clock (DRDY becomes “L” after outputting 24 data bits), and no
further @MICR instruction is accepted. Output on SO pins is 24-bits long maximum.
S_RESET =H
RQ =H
SI
@MICR
Data1
Data2
DRDY
SCLK
24SCLK
SO
D
D
D
D D
23 22 21 20 19
less than SCLK24
D D
D
D
2
0
23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16
1
D
D D
D
D
D D
SO Read Out (during RUN)
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5 ) Simplified Write Error Check
The AK7750 can easily check whether any error exists in the write data, using Cyclic Codes.
(Note: the main purpose of this is to check erroneous writes due to induced noise etc. caused between
microprocessor and DSP. As this is a CRC-based (cyclic redundancy check ) check, and as input data is
checked before it is written into RAM and register, it does not guarantee 100 % write error detection ).
Here definitions are made as follows :
y serial data D (x) : SI data being input during the time from RQ to fall to RQ to rise.
y Generator Polynomial G(x)=x16+x12+x5+1 (default value = 0)
y remainder R (x), when D(X) is divided by G (x)
In order to perform a simplified write error check, perform the following:
1) Transfer serial data D(x) to be checked.
2) Write the remainder R(x) of serial data D(x) to register, using command code B6h.
3) Read out R(x) using command code D6h to check if it is correctly written (CRC check function operates
even when no read is performed).
4) If the remainder of the serial data D(x) divided by G(x) is equal to R(x), SO outputs “H” at the rising
edge of RQ until the following rising edge of RQ occurs for next serial data-write. When the SO
output is used, as in the case of a read in RUN mode, there is a conflict. Therefore when a CRC check
is done, do not execute read operation in RUN mode until the check is completed). If it is not equal to
R(x), “L” is output.
5) If other serial data is to be checked, repeat 1 ) ~ 4 ) above.
„ Details of Data Transfer Procedure
1) Write the register
Writing remainder data R(x) is executed in 3 bytes/set data (24-bit).
Data translate order.
cCommand code
B6h
dUpper 8bit of R(x) (D15 * * * * * * D8)
eLower 8bit of R(x) ( D7 * * * * * * D0)
2) Read out the register
Reading remainder data R(x) is executed in 3 bytes/set data (24-bit).
Data translate order
cCommand code
D6h
dUpper 8bit of R(x)
(D15 * * * * * * D8)
eLower 8bit of R(x) ( D7 * * * * * * D0)
R(x)
RQ
SCLK
SI
B6h
D15 *** D
D6h
D15 *** D
SO
Example: Control register writing, reading
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3) CRC Check
D(x)
Rest of D(x)/G(x)
RQ
SCLK
SI
1010000 000000A9 A7***A1 A0 D15*** D0
B6h
R(x)
SO
The rest (D(x)/G(x))=R(x)
The rest of D(x)/G(x)=R(x) CRC Check example.
4) Example of the R(x) made from D(x).
Examples
1
2
3
D(X)
D6ABCDh
D2A5A5h
A855557777AAAA0000FFFFh
R(X)
1E51h
0C30h
2297h
(8) ADC high-pass filter
The AK7750 incorporates a digital high-pass filter (HPF) for canceling DC offset in the ADC. The
HPF cut-off frequency is about 1 Hz (fs = 48 kHz). This cut-off frequency is proportional to the sampling
frequency (fs).
Cut-off frequency
[MS0296-E-00]
48kHz
0.93Hz
44.1kHz
0.86Hz
67
32kHz
0.62Hz
8kHz
0.16Hz
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(9) EEPROM Interface
1) Using the EEPROM interface
Since the AK7750 has an integrate EEPROM interface, PRAM, CRAM, OFRAM and Control Register data
can be loaded from the EEPROM after an initial RESET.
Use AKM’s 64Kbit/12Kbit serial EEPROM, the AK6512C/14C, when using the AK7750..
The data listed in section 2) Program Map, should be written into the EEPROM.
The following operations are required when using the EEPROM.
• Set EESEL pin to “H”, (after reaching a proper oscillation when a crystal oscillator is used ) and
set INIT_RESET pin to raise “H”. Then internal counter starts to run which generates EEPROM
control signals EECS , EESK and EESI, and EEPROM data is taken from EESO pin.
• After taking all data, EESK and EESI become “L” and EECS to “H”. EEST pin rises from “L” to
“H”, informing that loading has been completed. When EEST becomes “H”, interface with
microprocessor is enabled with EESEL pin as it stands at “H”. When reading is required again, set
INIT_RESET pin to “H” after executing initial reset ( INIT_RESET = “L”) with EESEL kept at “H”.
Note that hands-free parameters can not be downloaded via EEPROM interface.
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2) Program map
EEPROMADDRESS
DATA
Note
0000h
C0h
PRAM WRITE command code
0001h
00h
PRAM address MSB side
0002h
00h
PRAM address LSB side
0003h
PRAM0 DATA31-24
PRAM address 0 MSB
0004h
PRAM0 DATA23-16
PRAM address 0 MSB-1 8bit data
0005h
PRAM0 DATA15-8
PRAM address 0 MSB-2 8bit data
8bit data
0006h
PRAM0 DATA7-0
PRAM address 0 LSB
8bit data
0007h
PRAM1 DATA31-24
PRAM address 1 MSB
8bit data
zzzz
zzzz
0BFEh
PRAM766 DATA7-0
PRAM address 766 LSB
8bit data
0BFFh
PRAM767 DATA31-24
PRAM address 767 MSB
8bit data
0C00h
PRAM767 DATA23-16
PRAM address 767 MSB-1 8bit data
0C01h
PRAM767 DATA15-8
PRAM address 767 MSB-2 8bit data
0C02h
PRAM767 DATA7-0
PRAM address 767 LSB
0C03h
A0h
CRAM WRITE command code
0C04h
00h
CRAM address MSB side
0C05h
00h
CRAM address LSB side
0C06h
CRAM0 DATA15-8
CRAM address 0 MSB
8bit data
0C07h
CRAM0 DATA7-0
CRAM address 0 LSB
8bit data
0C08h
CRAM1 DATA15-8
CRAM address 1 MSB
8bit data
zzzz
zzzz
1403h
CRAM1022 DATA7-0
1404h
CRAM1023 DATA15-8
CRAM address 1023 MSB 8bit data
1405h
CRAM1023 DATA7-0
CRAM address 1023 LSB 8bit data
8bit data
CRAM address 1022 LSB 8bit data
1406h
90h
OFRAM WRITE command code
1407h
00h
OFRAM address
1408h
OFRAM0 DATA23-16
OFRAM address 0 MSB
1409h
OFRAM0 DATA15-8
OFRAM address 0 MSB-1 8bit data
8bit data
140Ah
OFRAM0 DATA7-0
OFRAM address 0 LSB
8bit data
140Bh
OFRAM1 DATA23-16
OFRAM address 1 MSB
8bit data
zzzz
zzzz
8bit data
1494h
OFRAM46 DATA7-0
OFRAM address 46 LSB
1495h
OFRAM47 DATA23-16
OFRAM address
1496h
OFRAM47 DATA15-8
OFRAM address 47 MSB-1 8bit address
1497h
OFRAM47 DATA7-0
OFRAM address 47 LSB
1498h ∼ 1519A
00h
Reserved
47 MSB
8bit data
8bit address
151Ah
60h
CONT0 WRITE command code
151Bh
DATA
CONT0 data
151Ch
62h
CONT1 WRITE command code
151Dh
DATA
CONT1 data
151Eh
64h
CONT2 WRITE command code
151Fh
DATA
CONT2 data
1520h
66h
CONT3 WRITE command code
1521h
DATA
CONT3 data
1522h
68h
CONT4 WRITE command code
1523h
DATA
CONT4 data
1524h
6Ah
CONT5 WRITE command code
1525h
DATA
CONT5 data
1526h
6Ch
CONT6 WRITE command code
1527h
DATA
CONT6 data
1528h
B6h
CRC WRITE command code
1529h
CRC DATA15-8
CRC MSB 8bit data
152Ah
CRC DATA7-0
CRC LSB 8bit data
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(10) DAC Soft Mute Operation
DAC block in the AK7750 includes soft mute circuit.
Soft mute operation is performed at digital domain. When the SMUTE bit goes to “1”, the output signal is
attenuated from 0dB level to -∞ level during the LRCLK cycle time that is specified by SF1 bit and SF0 bit
in CONT5 register plus additional 2LRCLK cycle time(max). When the SMUTE bit is returned to “0”, the
mute is cancelled and the output attenuation gradually changes to 0dB level by the same cycle. If the soft
mute is cancelled before attenuating to -∞ after starting the operation, the attenuation is discontinued and
returned to 0dB by the same cycle. The soft mute is effective when S_RESET is “H” (DAC opeates
normally) External mute circuit is recommended to suppress the pop noise at the reset.
Attenuation value is initialized by INIT_RESET =”L”, not S_RESET =”L”
SMUTE bit
setting value +2LRCLK(max)
setting value +2LRCLK(max)
0dB
Attenuation
-∞dB
GD
GD
Analog out
Soft Mute Operation
SMUTE bit
setting value +2LRCLK(max)
setting value +2LRCLK(max)
0dB
Attenuation
-∞dB
GD
S_RESET
Analog out
External Mute
Circuit
pop noise
Mute ON
Example of soft mute control@ S_RESET =”H”
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(11) Hands-free mode
The AK7750 has hands-free mode in addition to normal surround mode.
The write “1” to HF_RST_N bit and HF bit in CONT5 register under system reset ( S _ RESET =”L”) allows the
AK7750 to hands-free operation mode. The AK7750 returns to surround mode by the execution of
initial reset or the clear of HF_RESETN bit and HF bit.
The AK7750 can change the attenuation level of noise canceller. If PID bit of CONT5 register is “0”, the
default attenuation level is used. If PID bit is “1”, the attenuation level which is stored in the hands-free
parameter RAM is used.
Hands-free parameter must be downloaded to the address AFTER the AK7750 switches to hands-free
mode.
Please contact AKM for the detail of hands-free parameter contents.
S _ RESET
RQ
SCLK
SI
6Ah
ECh
control register CONT5
Hands-free mode ON
[MS0296-E-00]
E0h
00h
DATA0
DAT A6
other
DATA
writing hands-free
parameter RAM
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9. System Design
(1) Connection example
0.1µ
0.1µ
0.1µ
0.1µ
0.1µ
0.1µ
Digital +3.3V
10µ
7
DVDD
22
SDIN1
21
SDIN2
20
SDIN3
11
DVDD
24
28
33
XTO
CL
34
XTI
CL
16
LRCLK_I
15
BITCLK_I
12
CLKO
13
BITCLK_O
14
LRCLK_O
DVDD
SMODE
19 SDIN4
Rd
43
36
DVDD DVDD
AK7750
41
DRDY
17
SO
38
RDY
32
RQ
37
SI
39
SCLK
40
CS
30
HFST
31
JX0
18
CKSX
42
CKS1
46
CKS0
47
INIT_RESET
25
CK_RESET
26
S_RESET
27
Analog Lch+
64
Analog Lch-
63
AINL-
Analog Rch+
62
AINR+
SDOUT1
6
Analog Rch-
61
AINR-
SDOUT2
5
SDOUT3
4
SDOUT4A
3
22K
49
AINL+
LFLT
µP I/F
RESET
CONTROL
1.5nF
50
AOUTL
54
AVDD
AOUTR
53
AVDD
AVSS
51,52,60
AVDD
VREFL
59
0.1µ
55
0.1µ
Analog +3.3V
56
10µ
0.1µ
57
10µ
VCOM
VREFH
0.1µ
BVSS
8,10,23,29,35,44 DVSS
[MS0296-E-00]
58
10µ
72
0.1µ
9,45
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(2) Periphery Circuit
1) Connection with EEPROM
AK7750
Micro cm p
INIT_RESET
S_RESET
RQ
RQ
SCLK
SI
SO
EESEL
SCLK
SI
SO
L
HFST /EEST
RDY
DRDY
RDY/EESI
DRDY/EECK
CS /EESO
CS
LRCLK_O/ EECS
4-wire control
AK7750
Micro cm p
INIT_RESET
S_RESET
RQ
SCLK
SI
SO
EESEL
RQ
SCLK
SI
SO
H
ST
RDY
DRDY
HFST /EEST
EEPROM
RDY/EESI
DRDY/EECK
SI
CK
SO
CS /EESO
CS
LRCLK_O/ EECS
4-wire control + EEPROM
AK7750
INIT_RESET
H
S_RESET
RQ
SCLK
SI
SO
EESEL
H
H
H
HFST /EEST
EEPROM
RDY/EESI
SI
CK
SO
DRDY/EECK
CS /EESO
CS
LRCLK_O/ EECS
EEPRO M only
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2) Grounding and Power Supply
When designing with the AK7750, AVDD and DVDD are separately decoupled in order to minimize digital
noise. System Analog power supply is fed to AVDD. In general, power supply lines and ground lines are
separately wired for the analog and digital portions, and they are connected together near the power
supplies (terminals) on the printed circuit board. Small ceramic de-coupling capacitors should be connected
as close as possible to the AK7750.
3) Reference Voltage
An input voltage difference between VREFH pin and VREFL pin determines the analog full scale input and
output. Normally, AVDD is connected to VREFH and AVSS to VREF.
In order to eliminate high frequency noise, connect a 10 uF electrolytic capacitor and a 0.1 uF ceramic
capacitor in parallel between VREFH and AVSS . The ceramic capacitor should be connected as close as
possible to this pin. Digital signals, especially clocks should be wired as far as possible from the VREFH
and VREFL pins in order to avoid coupling with the AK7750.
The AK7750 common voltage is output on VCOM. Do not use this VCOM common voltage for connection
with any external circuits. To eliminate high frequency noise, connect a 10-uF electrolytic capacitor and a
0.1 uF ceramic capacitor between VCOM and AVSS. These capacitors should be placed as close as
possible to the VCOM pin.
4) Analog Input
An analog signal is input to the internal modulator through differential input pins for each channel.
The input voltage range is equal to difference in voltage between AIN+ and AIN- (∆VAIN = (AIN+) – (AIN-)),
and equals ±FS = ±(VREFH – VREFL) x 0.4. When VREFH = 3.3 V and VREFL = 0.0 V, input range is
±1.32 V. Output code format is in 2’s complement.
In the AK7750, the analog input is sampled at 3.072 MHz when fs = 48 KHz. A digital filter rejects noise
ranging from 30 KHz to 3.042 MHz. Noise around the 3.072 MHz periphery band is not rejected. As no
audio signals exhibit noise near 3.072 MHz, noise can be sufficiently attenuated using a simple RC filter.
Analog input signal to the AK7750 must be biased as shown in Figure 1
Analog power supply voltage of the AK7750 is + 3.3 V (typ).
Voltages higher than AVDD + 0.3 V & lower than AVSS – 0.3 V and current exceeding 10 mA should not
be applied on the analog input pins (AINL+, AINL-, AINR+, AINR-).
Injection of excessive current may destroy the internal protection circuits and may cause a latch-up that
results in total device destruction.
Therefore if ±15 V power supplies are used in peripheral analog circuits, the analog input pins must be
protected from signals exceeding absolute maximum ratings.
[MS0296-E-00]
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2005/03
[ASAHI KASEI]
[AK7750]
10k
10k
Vop
10k
Signal
Vop
BIAS
10µ
0.1µ
+
10k
+
4.7k
4.7k
1.32Vpp
BIAS
AVSS
+
NJM2100
Vop = VA+ = 3.3V
AIN+
330
1.5nF
AIN-
330
1.32Vpp
BIAS
AIN-
AVSS
Fig.1
Input Buffer Circuit Example ( Differential input )
10k
Vop
10k
Signal
+
Vop
BIAS
10µ
0.1µ
+
BIAS
NJM2100
AVSS
330
10µ
4.7k
4.7k
Vop = VA+ = 3.3V
AIN+
+
3.3nF
AIN-
330
BIAS
2.64Vpp
AIN-
AVSS
Fig.2
Input Buffer Circuit Example ( Single-Ended input )
The AK7750 can also receive single-ended analog signals. In this case, the analog signal is fed to the AINinput pin (FS = (VREFH – VREFL) x 0.8= 2.64 Vp-p at VREFH = 3.3 V, VREFL = 0.0 V), and a bias voltage
is fed to the AIN+ input pin. When 3.3 V OP amps are used in, low-saturation type OP amps are
recommended. An electrolytic capacitor connected to AIN+ pin is effective in lowering secondary
harmonics (refer to Figure 2).
5) Analog Output
The analog output is single-ended. Output range is 2.00 Vp-p (typ) centered on VCOM.
The Out-of-Band noise (shaping noise) generated by an internal delta-sigma modulator is attenuated by an
on-chip switched capacitor filter (SCF) and a continuous time filter (CTF). Therefore it is not necessary to
add an external filter for normal use. If ADC without anti-aliasing input filter is connected to DAC’s output
directly, the spurious noise may be appear. In this case, the insertion of low pass filter that has fo< 20kHz,
2nd order (>12dB/oct) is effective.
The input code format is in 2’s complement. Positive full-scale output corresponds to 7FFFFFh (@ 24 Bit)
input code, Negative full scale is 800000h (@ 24 Bit) and VCOM voltage ideally is 000000h (@ 24 Bit).
6) Connection with Digital Circuit
In order to minimize noise caused by Digital circuits, use low voltage logic ICs to connect the digital outputs.
Recommended logic families are 74LV, 74LV-A, 74ALVC and 74AVC series ICs.
[MS0296-E-00]
75
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[ASAHI KASEI]
[AK7750]
Package
64pin LQFP (Unit:
mm)
12.0±0.3
Max 1.70
10.0
1.40
0.10±0.10
33
32
64
17
16
12.0±0.3
48
49
1
0.5
0.21±0.05
0.17±0.05
0.10 M
1.0
0°~10°
0.45 ±0.2
0.10
z
Material & Lead finish
Package:
Lead-frame:
Lead-finish:
[MS0296-E-00]
Epoxy
Copper
Soldering plate (Pb free)
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[ASAHI KASEI]
[AK7750]
Marking
AKM
AK7750VT
XXXXXXX
1
1) Pin #1 indication
2) ARM Logo
3) Date Code: XXXXXXX(7 digits)
4) Marking Code: AK7750VT
5) Asahi Kasei Logo
IMPORTANT NOTICE
z These products and their specifications are subject to change without notice. Before considering any use
or application, consult the Asahi Kasei Microsystems Co., Ltd.(AKM) sales office or authorized distributor
concerning their current status.
z AKM assumes no liability for infringement of any patent, intellectual property, or other right in the
application or use of any information contained herein.
z Any export of these products, or devices or systems containing them, may require an export license or
other official approval under the law and regulations of the country of export pertaining to customs and
tariffs, currency exchange, or strategic materials.
z AKM products are neither intended nor authorized for use as critical components in any safety, life
support, or other hazard related device or system, and AKM assumes no responsibility relating to any
such use, except with the express written consent of the Representative Director of AKM. As used
here:
(a): A hazard related device or system is one designed or intended for life support or maintenance of
safety or for applications in medicine, aerospace, nuclear energy, or other fields, in which its failure
to function or perform may reasonably be expected to result in loss of life or in significant injury or
damage to person or property.
(b): A critical component is one whose failure to function or perform may reasonably be expected to
result, whether directly or indirectly, in the loss of the safety or effectiveness of the device or system
containing it, and which must therefore meet very high standards of performance and reliability.
z It is the responsibility of the buyer or distributor of an AKM product who distributes, disposes of, or
otherwise places the product with a third party to notify that party in advance of the above content and
conditions, and the buyer or distributor agrees to assume any and all responsibility and liability for and
hold AKM harmless from any and all claims arising from the use of said product in the absence of such
notification.
[MS0296-E-00]
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