HOLTEK HT46C64

HT46R64/HT46C64
A/D with LCD Type 8-Bit MCU
Features
· Operating voltage:
· Watchdog Timer
fSYS=4MHz: 2.2V~5.5V
fSYS=8MHz: 3.3V~5.5V
· Buzzer output
· On-chip crystal, RC and 32768Hz crystal oscillator
· 24 bidirectional I/O lines
· HALT function and wake-up feature reduce power
· Two external interrupt input
consumption
· One 8-bit and one 16-bit programmable timer/event
· 8-level subroutine nesting
counter with PFD (programmable frequency divider)
function
· 8 channels 10-bit resolution A/D converter
· 4-channel 8-bit PWM output shared with 4 I/O lines
· LCD driver with 33´3 or 32´4 segments
· Bit manipulation instruction
(logical output option for SEG0~SEG15)
· 16-bit table read instruction
· 4K´15 program memory
· Up to 0.5ms instruction cycle with 8MHz system clock
· 192´8 data memory RAM
· 63 powerful instructions
· Supports PFD for sound generation
· All instructions in 1 or 2 machine cycles
· Real Time Clock (RTC)
· Low voltage reset/detector function
· 8-bit prescaler for RTC
· 56-pin SSOP, 100-pin QFP package
General Description
Converter, Pulse Width Modulation function, HALT and
wake-up functions, in addition to a flexible and
configurable LCD interface enhance the versatility of
these devices to control a wide range of applications requiring analog signal processing and LCD interfacing,
such as electronic metering, environmental monitoring,
handheld measurement tools, motor driving, etc., for
both industrial and home appliance application areas.
The HT46R64/HT46C64 are 8-bit, high performance,
RISC architecture microcontroller devices specifically
designed for A/D product applications that interface directly to analog signals and which require LCD Interface. The mask version HT46C64 is fully pin and
functionally compatible with the OTP version HT46R64
device.
The advantages of low power consumption, I/O flexibility, timer functions, oscillator options, multi-channel A/D
Rev. 1.40
HT46C64 under development, available in 4Q, 2004.
1
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
Block Diagram
In te rru p t
C ir c u it
P ro g ra m
E P R O M
IN T C
In s tr u c tio n
R e g is te r
M
M P
M
T M R 1 C
T M R 1
P F D 1
U
X
P W
S T A T U S
A L U
S
P O R T D
P D
3 2 7 6 8 H z
U
Y S
/4
R T C
X
O S C
O S C 3
O S C 4
P D
P D
P D
P D
P D
0 /
4 /
5 /
6 /
7 /
P W
IN
IN
T M
T M
M 0 ~ P D 3 /P W
T 0
T 1
R 0
R 1
M 3
8 -C h a n n e l
A /D C o n v e rte r
D
S
P B C
A C C
C 1
P O R T B
P B
L C D
M e m o ry
C 3
P A C
P O R T A
P A
L C D D R IV E R
H A L T
C O M 0 ~
C O M 2
Rev. 1.40
X
W D T O S C
S h ifte r
B P
O S
R E
V D
V S
O S
Y S
P D 7 /T M R 1
fS Y S /4
M
M
P D C
O S C 2
O S C 4
U
fS
P D 6 /T M R 0
fS
W D T
M U X
T im in g
G e n e r a tio n
X
R T C
D A T A
M e m o ry
T im e B a s e
In s tr u c tio n
D e c o d e r
U
P F D 0
S T A C K
P ro g ra m
C o u n te r
P r e s c a le r
M
T M R 0 C
T M R 0
C O M 3 /
S E G 3 2
E N /D IS
P B 0 /A N 0 ~ P B 7 /A N 7
P A 0
P A 1
P A 2
P A 3
P A 4
/B Z
/B Z
/P F D
~ P A 7
L V D /L V R
S E G 0 ~
S E G 3 1
2
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
Pin Assignment
S E G 8
P A 7
8
4 9
S E G 9
P B 0 /A N 0
9
4 8
S E G 1 0
1 0
4 7
S E G 1 1
1 1
4 6
S E G 1 2
P B 3 /A N 3
1 2
4 5
S E G 1 3
P B 4 /A N 4
1 3
4 4
S E G 1 4
P B 5 /A N 5
1 4
4 3
S E G 1 5
V S S
1 5
4 2
S E G 1 6
P D 0 /P W M 0
1 6
4 1
S E G 1 7
P D 1 /P W M 1
1 7
4 0
S E G 1 8
P D 2 /P W M 2
1 8
3 9
S E G 1 9
P D 4 /IN T 0
1 9
3 8
S E G 2 0
P D 5 /IN T 1
2 0
3 7
S E G 2 1
P D 6 /T M R 0
2 1
3 6
S E G 2 2
V L C D
2 2
3 5
S E G 2 3
V M A X
2 3
3 4
S E G 2 4
V 1
2 4
3 3
S E G 2 5
V 2
2 5
3 2
S E G 2 6
C 1
2 6
3 1
C O M 3 /S E G 3 2
C 2
2 7
3 0
C O M 2
C O M 0
2 8
2 9
C O M 1
P
P
P
P
P
P
P A
N
N
N
N
N
P A
P A
P B 0 /A N
P B 1 /A N
P B 2 /A N
P B 3 /A N
P B 4 /A N
P B 5 /A N
P B 6 /A N
P B 7 /A N
V S
D 0 /P W M
D 1 /P W M
D 2 /P W M
D 3 /P W M
P D 4 /IN T
P D 5 /IN T
D 6 /T M R
D 7 /T M R
N
N
N
N
N
1 0 0 9 9 9 8 9 7 9 6 9 5 9 4 9 3 9 2 9 1 9 0 8 9 8 8 8 7 8 6 8 5 8 4 8 3 8 2 8 1
1
5
8 0
7 9
C
2
C
3
7 8
C
4
7 7
C
5
7 6
C
6
7 5
7
7 4
6
7 3
8
7
0
1
2
3
4
5
9
7 2
1 0
7 1
1 1
7 0
1 2
6 9
1 3
6 8
1 4
6 7
H T 4 6 R 6 4 /H T 4 6 C 6 4
1 0 0 Q F P -A
1 5
6
1 6
7
1 7
S
6 6
6 5
6 4
6 3
1 8
0
6 2
1 9
1
6 1
2 0
2
2 1
6 0
2 2
5 9
1
2 3
5 8
0
2 4
5 7
1
2 5
5 6
C
2 6
2 7
5 5
C
C
2 8
5 3
C
2 9
5 2
C
3 0
3
0
5 4
3 1 3 2 3 3 3 4 3 5 3 6 3 7 3 8 3 9 4 0 4 1 4 2 4 3 4 4 4 5 4 6 4 7 4 8 4 9 5 0
5 1
S E
S E
S E
N C
N C
N C
S E
S E
S E
S E
S E
S E
S E
S E
S E
S E
S E
S E
S E
S E
S E
S E
S E
S E
N C
N C
N C
N C
N C
N C
G 1
G 2
G 3
G 4
G 5
G 6
G 7
G 8
G 9
G 1
G 1
G 1
G 1
G 1
G 1
G 1
G 1
G 1
G 1
G 2
G 2
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
1
S E G
S E G
S E G
S E G
S E G
S E G
S E G
S E G
S E G
S E G
C O M
C O M
C O M
C O M
C 2
C 1
V 2
V 1
V M A
V L C
P B 1 /A N 1
P B 2 /A N 2
0
5 0
C
7
C
P A 6
C
O S C 4
C
5 1
C
6
C
P A 5
C
O S C 3
C
5 2
4
5
3
P A 4
D
V D D
2
O S C 2
5 3
1
5 4
4
Z
3
S
P A 2
P A 3 /P F D
Z
O S C 1
2
R E S
5 5
4
5 6
2
D
1
S E G
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
O S C
O S C
V D
O S C
O S C
R E
P A 0 /B
P A 1 /B
P A
P A 3 /P F
P A
P A 0 /B Z
P A 1 /B Z
D
0
3
2
1
Rev. 1.40
2 2
2 3
2 4
2 5
2 6
2 7
2 8
2 9
3 0
3 1
3 /S E G 3 2
X
H T 4 6 R 6 4 /H T 4 6 C 6 4
5 6 S S O P -A
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
Pin Description
Pin Name
PA0/BZ
PA1/BZ
PA2
PA3/PFD
PA4~PA7
PB0/AN0
PB1/AN1
PB2/AN2
PB3/AN3
PB4/AN4
PB5/AN5
PB6/AN6
PB7/AN7
PD0/PWM0
PD1/PWM1
PD2/PWM2
PD3/PWM3
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
Options
Description
Wake-up
Pull-high
Buzzer
PFD
Bidirectional 8-bit input/output port. Each bit can be configured as wake-up input by option. Software instructions determine the CMOS output or Schmitt
Trigger input with or without pull-high resistor (determined by pull-high options: bit option). The BZ, BZ and PFD are pin-shared with PA0, PA1 and
PA3, respectively.
Pull-high
Bidirectional 8-bit input/output port. Software instructions determine the
CMOS output, Schmitt trigger input with or without pull-high resistor (determined by pull-high option: bit option) or A/D input. Once a PB line is selected
as an A/D input (by using software control), the I/O function and pull-high resistor are disabled automatically.
Pull-high
PWM
Bidirectional 4-bit input/output port. Software instructions determine the
CMOS output, Schmitt trigger input with or without a pull-high resistor (determined by pull-high option: bit option). The PWM0/PWM1/PWM2/PWM3 output function are pin-shared with PD0/PD1/PD2/PD3 (dependent on PWM
options).
Bidirectional 4-bit input/output port. Software instructions determine the
CMOS output, Schmitt trigger input with or without a pull-high resistor (determined by pull-high option: bit option). The INT0, INT1, TMR0 and TMR1 are
pin-shared with PD4/PD5/PD6/PD7.
PD4/INT0
PD5/INT1
PD6/TMR0
PD7/TMR1
I/O
Pull-high
VSS
¾
¾
Negative power supply, ground
VLCD
I
¾
LCD power supply
VMAX
I
¾
IC maximum voltage connect to VDD, VLCD or V1
V1, V2, C1, C2
I
¾
Voltage pump
COM0~COM2
COM3/SEG32
O
1/3 or 1/4 Duty
SEG32 can be set as a segment or as a common output driver for LCD panel
by options. COM0~COM2 are outputs for LCD panel plate.
SEG0~SEG31
O
Logical Output
LCD driver outputs for LCD panel segments. SEG0~SEG23 can be optioned
as logical outputs.
OSC1
OSC2
I
O
Crystal or RC
OSC1 and OSC2 are connected to an RC network or a crystal (by options) for
the internal system clock. In the case of RC operation, OSC2 is the output terminal for 1/4 system clock. The system clock may come from the RTC oscillator. If the system clock comes from RTCOSC, these two pins can be floating.
OSC3
OSC4
I
O
RTC or
System Clock
Real time clock oscillators. OSC3 and OSC4 are connected to a 32768Hz
crystal oscillator for timing purposes or to a system clock source (depending
on the options). No built-in capacitor
VDD
¾
¾
Positive power supply
RES
I
¾
Schmitt trigger reset input, active low
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Supply Voltage ...........................VSS-0.3V to VSS+6.0V
Storage Temperature ............................-50°C to 125°C
Input Voltage..............................VSS-0.3V to VDD+0.3V
Operating Temperature...........................-40°C to 85°C
Note: These are stress ratings only. Stresses exceeding the range specified under ²Absolute Maximum Ratings² may
cause substantial damage to the device. Functional operation of this device at other conditions beyond those
listed in the specification is not implied and prolonged exposure to extreme conditions may affect device reliability.
Rev. 1.40
4
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
D.C. Characteristics
Ta=25°C
Test Conditions
Symbol
Parameter
VDD
IDD1
IDD2
¾
5.5
V
¾
fSYS=8MHz
3.3
¾
5.5
V
Operating Current
(Crystal OSC)
3V
No load, ADC off
fSYS=4MHz
¾
1
2
mA
¾
3
5
mA
Operating Current
(RC OSC)
3V
No load, ADC off
fSYS=4MHz
¾
1
2
mA
¾
3
5
mA
No load, ADC off
fSYS=8MHz
¾
4
8
mA
¾
0.3
0.6
mA
¾
0.6
1
mA
¾
¾
1
mA
¾
¾
2
mA
¾
2.5
5
mA
¾
10
20
mA
¾
2
5
mA
¾
6
10
mA
¾
17
30
mA
¾
34
60
mA
¾
13
25
mA
¾
28
50
mA
¾
14
25
mA
¾
26
50
mA
¾
10
20
mA
¾
19
40
mA
5V
5V
Operating Current
(fSYS=32768Hz)
3V
Standby Current
(*fS=T1)
3V
Standby Current
(*fS=32.768kHz OSC)
3V
ISTB4
ISTB5
ISTB6
ISTB7
Unit
2.2
IDD4
ISTB3
Max.
fSYS=4MHz
Operating Current
(Crystal OSC, RC OSC)
ISTB2
Typ.
¾
Operating Voltage
IDD3
ISTB1
Min.
Conditions
VDD
Standby Current
(*fS=WDT RC OSC)
Standby Current
(*fS=32.768kHz OSC)
Standby Current
(*fS=32.768kHz OSC)
Standby Current
(*fS=WDT RC OSC)
Standby Current
(*fS=WDT RC OSC)
5V
No load, ADC off
5V
5V
5V
3V
5V
3V
5V
3V
5V
3V
5V
3V
5V
No load, system HALT
LCD off at HALT
No load, system HALT
LCD on at HALT, C type
No load, system HALT
LCD on at HALT, C type
No load, system HALT
LCD on at HALT, R type,
1/2 bias, VLCD=VDD
(Low bias current option)
No load, system HALT
LCD on at HALT, R type,
1/3 bias, VLCD=VDD
(Low bias current option)
No load, system HALT
LCD on at HALT, R type,
1/2 bias, VLCD=VDD
(Low bias current option)
No load, system HALT
LCD on at HALT, R type,
1/3 bias, VLCD=VDD
(Low bias current option)
VIL1
Input Low Voltage for I/O Ports,
TMR and INT
¾
¾
0
¾
0.3VDD
V
VIH1
Input High Voltage for I/O Ports,
TMR and INT
¾
¾
0.7VDD
¾
VDD
V
VIL2
Input Low Voltage (RES)
¾
¾
0
¾
0.4VDD
V
VIH2
Input High Voltage (RES)
¾
¾
0.9VDD
¾
VDD
V
VLVR
Low Voltage Reset Voltage
¾
¾
2.7
3.0
3.3
V
VLVD
Low Voltage Detector Voltage
¾
¾
3.0
3.3
3.6
V
IOL
I/O Port Segment Logic Output
Sink Current
3V
6
12
¾
mA
10
25
¾
mA
Rev. 1.40
VOL=0.1VDD
5V
5
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
Test Conditions
Symbol
Parameter
I/O Port Segment Logic Output
Source Current
IOH
3V
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
-2
-4
¾
mA
-5
-8
¾
mA
Conditions
VDD
VOH=0.9VDD
5V
Pull-high Resistance of I/O Ports
and INT0, INT1
3V
¾
20
60
100
kW
5V
¾
10
30
50
kW
VAD
A/D Input Voltage
¾
¾
0
¾
VDD
V
EAD
A/D Conversion Integral
Nonlinearity Error
¾
¾
¾
±0.5
±1
LSB
IADC
Additional Power Consumption
if A/D Converter is Used
3V
¾
0.5
1
mA
¾
1.5
3
mA
RPH
Note:
¾
5V
²*fS² please refer to clock option of WDT (page 13)
A.C. Characteristics
Ta=25°C
Test Conditions
Symbol
Parameter
fSYS1
System Clock
Typ.
Max.
Unit
¾
2.2V~5.5V
400
¾
4000
kHz
¾
3.3V~5.5V
400
¾
8000
kHz
2.2V~5.5V
¾
32768
¾
Hz
¾
32768
¾
Hz
fSYS2
System Clock
(32768Hz Crystal OSC)
¾
fRTCOSC
RTC Frequency
¾
fTIMER
Timer I/P Frequency
(TMR0/TMR1)
tWDTOSC Watchdog Oscillator Period
Min.
Conditions
VDD
¾
¾
2.2V~5.5V
0
¾
4000
kHz
¾
3.3V~5.5V
0
¾
8000
kHz
3V
¾
45
90
180
ms
5V
¾
32
65
130
ms
tRES
External Reset Low Pulse Width
¾
¾
1
¾
¾
ms
tSST
System Start-up Timer Period
¾
Power-up or wake-up from
HALT
¾
1024
¾
tSYS
tINT
Interrupt Pulse Width
¾
¾
1
¾
¾
ms
tAD
A/D Clock Period
¾
¾
1
¾
¾
ms
tADC
A/D Conversion Time
¾
¾
¾
76
¾
tAD
tADCS
A/D Sampling Time
¾
¾
¾
32
¾
tAD
Note:
tSYS= 1/fSYS
Rev. 1.40
6
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
Functional Description
Execution Flow
After accessing a program memory word to fetch an instruction code, the value of the PC is incremented by 1.
The PC then points to the memory word containing the
next instruction code.
The system clock is derived from either a crystal or an
RC oscillator or a 32768Hz crystal oscillator. It is internally divided into four non-overlapping clocks. One instruction cycle consists of four system clock cycles.
When executing a jump instruction, conditional skip execution, loading a PCL register, a subroutine call, an initial reset, an internal interrupt, an external interrupt, or
returning from a subroutine, the PC manipulates the
program transfer by loading the address corresponding
to each instruction.
Instruction fetching and execution are pipelined in such
a way that a fetch takes one instruction cycle while decoding and execution takes the next instruction cycle.
The pipelining scheme makes it possible for each instruction to be effectively executed in a cycle. If an instruction changes the value of the program counter, two
cycles are required to complete the instruction.
The conditional skip is activated by instructions. Once
the condition is met, the next instruction, fetched during
the current instruction execution, is discarded and a
dummy cycle replaces it to get a proper instruction; otherwise proceed to the next instruction.
Program Counter - PC
The program counter (PC) is 12 bits wide and it controls
the sequence in which the instructions stored in the program ROM are executed. The contents of the PC can
specify a maximum of 4096 addresses.
S y s te m
O S C 2 (R C
C lo c k
T 1
T 2
T 3
T 4
T 1
T 2
T 3
T 4
T 1
T 2
T 3
T 4
o n ly )
P C
P C
P C + 1
F e tc h IN S T (P C )
E x e c u te IN S T (P C -1 )
P C + 2
F e tc h IN S T (P C + 1 )
E x e c u te IN S T (P C )
F e tc h IN S T (P C + 2 )
E x e c u te IN S T (P C + 1 )
Execution Flow
Mode
Program Counter
*11
*10
*9
*8
*7
*6
*5
*4
*3
*2
*1
*0
Initial Reset
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
External Interrupt 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
External Interrupt 1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
Timer/Event Counter 0 Overflow
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
Timer/Event Counter 1 Overflow
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
Time Base Interrupt
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
RTC Interrupt
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
A/D Converter Interrupt
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
Skip
PC+2
Loading PCL
*11
*10
*9
*8
@7
@6
@5
@4
@3
@2
@1
@0
Jump, Call Branch
#11
#10
#9
#8
#7
#6
#5
#4
#3
#2
#1
#0
Return From Subroutine
S11
S10
S9
S8
S7
S6
S5
S4
S3
S2
S1
S0
Program Counter
Note:
*11~*0: Program counter bits
#11~#0: Instruction code bits
Rev. 1.40
S11~S0: Stack register bits
@[email protected]: PCL bits
7
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
· Location 008H
The lower byte of the PC (PCL) is a readable and
writeable register (06H). Moving data into the PCL performs a short jump. The destination is within 256 locations.
Location 008H is reserved for the external interrupt
service program also. If the INT1 input pin is activated,
and the interrupt is enabled, and the stack is not full,
the program begins execution at location 008H.
When a control transfer takes place, an additional
dummy cycle is required.
· Location 00CH
Location 00CH is reserved for the Timer/Event Counter 0 interrupt service program. If a timer interrupt results from a Timer/Event Counter 0 overflow, and if the
interrupt is enabled and the stack is not full, the program begins execution at location 00CH.
Program Memory - EPROM
The program memory (EPROM) is used to store the program instructions which are to be executed. It also contains data, table, and interrupt entries, and is organized
into 4096´15 bits which are addressed by the PC and
table pointer.
· Location 010H
Location 010H is reserved for the Timer/Event Counter 1 interrupt service program. If a timer interrupt results from a Timer/Event Counter 1 overflow, and if the
interrupt is enabled and the stack is not full, the program begins execution at location 010H.
Certain locations in the ROM are reserved for special
usage:
· Location 000H
· Location 014H
Location 000H is reserved for program initialization.
After chip reset, the program always begins execution
at this location.
Location 014H is reserved for the Time Base interrupt
service program. If a Time Base interrupt occurs, and
the interrupt is enabled, and the stack is not full, the
program begins execution at location 014H.
· Location 004H
Location 004H is reserved for the external interrupt
service program. If the INT0 input pin is activated, and
the interrupt is enabled, and the stack is not full, the
program begins execution at location 004H.
0 0 0 H
· Location 01CH
E x te r n a l in te r r u p t 0 s u b r o u tin e
0 0 8 H
0 1 0 H
Location 018H is reserved for the real time clock interrupt service program. If a real time clock interrupt occurs, and the interrupt is enabled, and the stack is not
full, the program begins execution at location 018H.
D e v ic e in itia liz a tio n p r o g r a m
0 0 4 H
0 0 C H
· Location 018H
Location 01CH is reserved for the A/D converter interrupt service program. If an A/D converter interrupt results from an end of A/D conversion and the stack is
not full, the program begins execution at location
01CH.
E x te r n a l in te r r u p t 1 s u b r o u tin e
T im e r /e v e n t c o u n te r 0 in te r r u p t s u b r o u tin e
T im e r /e v e n t c o u n te r 1 in te r r u p t s u b r o u tin e
0 1 4 H
0 1 8 H
· Table location
P ro g ra m
M e m o ry
T im e B a s e In te r r u p t
Any location in the ROM can be used as a look-up table. The instructions ²TABRDC [m]² (the current page,
1 page=256 words) and ²TABRDL [m]² (the last page)
transfer the contents of the lower-order byte to the
specified data memory, and the contents of the
higher-order byte to TBLH (Table Higher-order byte
register) (08H). Only the destination of the lower-order
byte in the table is well-defined; the other bits of the table word are all transferred to the lower portion of
TBLH. The TBLH is read only, and the table pointer
(TBLP) is a read/write register (07H), indicating the table location. Before accessing the table, the location
should be placed in TBLP. All the table related instructions require 2 cycles to complete the operation.
R T C In te rru p t
0 1 C H
A /D C o n v e rte r In te rru p t
n 0 0 H
L o o k - u p ta b le ( 2 5 6 w o r d s )
n F F H
L o o k - u p ta b le ( 2 5 6 w o r d s )
F F F H
1 5 b its
N o te : n ra n g e s fro m
0 to F
Program Memory
Instruction(s)
Table Location
*11
*10
*9
*8
*7
*6
*5
*4
*3
*2
*1
*0
TABRDC [m]
P11
P10
P9
P8
@7
@6
@5
@4
@3
@2
@1
@0
TABRDL [m]
1
1
1
1
@7
@6
@5
@4
@3
@2
@1
@0
Table Location
Note:
*11~*0: Table location bits
@[email protected]: Table pointer bits
Rev. 1.40
P11~P8: Current program counter bits
8
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
These areas may function as a normal ROM depending upon the user¢s requirements.
0 0 H
Stack Register - STACK
The stack register is a special part of the memory used
to save the contents of the PC. The stack is organized
into 8 levels and is neither part of the data nor part of the
program, and is neither readable nor writeable. Its activated level is indexed by a stack pointer (SP) and is neither readable nor writeable. At the start of a subroutine
call or an interrupt acknowledgment, the contents of the
PC is pushed onto the stack. At the end of the subroutine or interrupt routine, signaled by a return instruction
(RET or RETI), the contents of the PC is restored to its
previous value from the stack. After chip reset, the SP
will point to the top of the stack.
M P 0
0 2 H
In d ir e c t A d d r e s s in g R e g is te r 1
0 3 H
M P 1
0 4 H
B P
0 5 H
A C C
0 6 H
P C L
0 7 H
T B L P
0 8 H
T B L H
0 9 H
R T C C
0 A H
S T A T U S
0 B H
IN T C 0
0 C H
If the stack is full and a non-masked interrupt takes
place, the interrupt request flag is recorded but the acknowledgment is still inhibited. Once the SP is decremented (by RET or RETI), the interrupt is serviced. This
feature prevents stack overflow, allowing the programmer to use the structure easily. Likewise, if the stack is
full, and a ²CALL² is subsequently executed, a stack
overflow occurs and the first entry is lost (only the most
recent sixteen return addresses are stored).
0 D H
T M R 0
0 E H
T M R 0 C
0 F H
T M R 1 H
1 0 H
T M R 1 L
1 1 H
T M R 1 C
1 2 H
P A
1 3 H
P A C
1 4 H
P B
1 5 H
P B C
S p e c ia l P u r p o s e
D a ta M e m o ry
1 6 H
1 7 H
Data Memory - RAM
The data memory (RAM) is designed with 224´8 bits,
and is divided into two functional groups, namely; special function registers 32´8 bit and general purpose data
memory, 192´8 bit most of which are readable/writable,
although some are read only. The special function register are overlapped in any banks.
1 8 H
P D
1 9 H
P D C
1 A H
P W M 0
1 B H
P W M 1
1 C H
P W M 2
1 D H
P W M 3
1 E H
IN T C 1
1 F H
2 0 H
2 1 H
2 2 H
2 3 H
Of the two types of functional groups, the special function registers consist of an Indirect addressing register 0
(00H), a Memory pointer register 0 (MP0;01H), an Indirect addressing register 1 (02H), a Memory pointer register 1 (MP1;03H), a Bank pointer (BP;04H), an
Ac c u m u l at or ( A C C ; 0 5 H ) , a P r ogr a m co u n t e r
lower-order byte register (PCL;06H), a Table pointer
(TBLP;07H), a Table higher-order byte register
(TBLH;08H), a Real time clock control register
(RTCC;09H), a Status register (STATUS;0AH), an Interrupt control register 0 (INTC0;0BH), a Timer/Event
Counter 0 (TMR0; 0DH), a Timer/Event Counter 0 control register (TMR0C;0EH), a Timer/Event Counter 1
(TMR1H:0FH;TMR1L:10H), a Timer/Event Counter 1
control register (TMR1C; 11H), Interrupt control register
1 (INTC1;1EH), PWM data register (PWM0;1AH,
PWM1;1BH, PWM2;1CH, PWM3;1DH), the A/D result
lower-order byte register (ADRL;24H), the A/D result
higher-order byte register (ADRH;25H), the A/D control
register (ADCR;26H), the A/D clock setting register
(ACSR;27H), I/O registers (PA;12H, PB;14H, PD;18H)
and I/O control registers (PAC;13H, PBC;15H,
PDC;19H). The remaining space before the 40H is reRev. 1.40
In d ir e c t A d d r e s s in g R e g is te r 0
0 1 H
2 4 H
A D R L
2 5 H
A D R H
2 6 H
A D C R
2 7 H
A C S R
2 8 H
3 F H
4 0 H
F F H
: U n u s e d
G e n e ra l P u rp o s e
D a ta M e m o ry
(1 9 2 B y te s )
R e a d a s "0 0 "
RAM Mapping
served for future expanded usage and reading these locations will get ²00H². The space before 40H is
overlapping in each bank. The general purpose data
memory, addressed from 40H to FFH, is used for data
and control information under instruction commands. All
of the data memory areas can handle arithmetic, logic,
increment, decrement and rotate operations directly.
Except for some dedicated bits, each bit in the data
memory can be set and reset by ²SET [m].i² and ²CLR
9
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
The ALU not only saves the results of a data operation
but also changes the status register.
[m].i². They are also indirectly accessible through memory pointer registers (MP0;01H/MP1;03H). The space
before 40H is overlapping in each bank.
Status Register - STATUS
Indirect Addressing Register
The status register (0AH) is 8 bits wide and contains, a
carry flag (C), an auxiliary carry flag (AC), a zero flag (Z),
an overflow flag (OV), a power down flag (PDF), and a
watchdog time-out flag (TO). It also records the status
information and controls the operation sequence.
Location 00H and 02H are indirect addressing registers
that are not physically implemented. Any read/write operation of [00H] and [02H] accesses the RAM pointed to
by MP0 (01H) and MP1(03H) respectively. Reading location 00H or 02H indirectly returns the result 00H.
While, writing it indirectly leads to no operation.
Except for the TO and PDF flags, bits in the status register can be altered by instructions similar to other registers. Data written into the status register does not alter
the TO or PDF flags. Operations related to the status
register, however, may yield different results from those
intended. The TO and PDF flags can only be changed
by a Watchdog Timer overflow, chip power-up, or clearing the Watchdog Timer and executing the ²HALT² instruction. The Z, OV, AC, and C flags reflect the status of
the latest operations.
The function of data movement between two indirect addressing registers is not supported. The memory pointer
registers, MP0 and MP1, are both 8-bit registers used to
access the RAM by combining corresponding indirect
addressing registers. MP0 can only be applied to data
memory, while MP1 can be applied to data memory and
LCD display memory.
Accumulator - ACC
The accumulator (ACC) is related to the ALU operations. It is also mapped to location 05H of the RAM and
is capable of operating with immediate data. The data
movement between two data memory locations must
pass through the ACC.
On entering the interrupt sequence or executing the
subroutine call, the status register will not be automatically pushed onto the stack. If the contents of the status
is important, and if the subroutine is likely to corrupt the
status register, the programmer should take precautions
and save it properly.
Arithmetic and Logic Unit - ALU
Interrupts
This circuit performs 8-bit arithmetic and logic operations and provides the following functions:
The device provides two external interrupts, two internal
timer/event counter interrupts, an internal time base interrupt, and an internal real time clock interrupt and the
A/D converter interrupt (NMI). The interrupt control register 0 (INTC0;0BH) and interrupt control register 1
(INTC1;1EH) both contain the interrupt control bits that
are used to set the enable/disable status and interrupt
request flags.
· Arithmetic operations (ADD, ADC, SUB, SBC, DAA)
· Logic operations (AND, OR, XOR, CPL)
· Rotation (RL, RR, RLC, RRC)
· Increment and Decrement (INC, DEC)
· Branch decision (SZ, SNZ, SIZ, SDZ etc.)
Labels
Bits
Function
C
0
C is set if an operation results in a carry during an addition operation or if a borrow does not
take place during a subtraction operation; otherwise C is cleared. C is also affected by a rotate
through carry instruction.
AC
1
AC is set if an operation results in a carry out of the low nibbles in addition or no borrow from
the high nibble into the low nibble in subtraction; otherwise AC is cleared.
Z
2
Z is set if the result of an arithmetic or logic operation is zero; otherwise Z is cleared.
OV
3
OV is set if an operation results in a carry into the highest-order bit but not a carry out of the
highest-order bit, or vice versa; otherwise OV is cleared.
PDF
4
PDF is cleared by either a system power-up or executing the ²CLR WDT² instruction. PDF is
set by executing the ²HALT² instruction.
TO
5
TO is cleared by a system power-up or executing the ²CLR WDT² or ²HALT² instruction. TO is
set by a WDT time-out.
¾
6~7
Unused bit, read as ²0²
Status Register
Rev. 1.40
10
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
The internal Timer/Event Counter 0 interrupt is initialized by setting the Timer/Event Counter 0 interrupt request flag (T0F; bit 6 of INTC0), which is normally
caused by a timer overflow. After the interrupt is enabled, and the stack is not full, and the T0F bit is set, a
subroutine call to location 0CH occurs. The related interrupt request flag (T0F) is reset, and the EMI bit is
cleared to disable other maskable interrupts.
Timer/Event Counter 1 is operated in the same manner
but its related interrupt request flag is T1F (bit 4 of
INTC1) and its subroutine call location is 10H.
Once an interrupt subroutine is serviced, other interrupts except NMI are all blocked (by clearing the EMI
bit). This scheme may prevent any further interrupt nesting. Other interrupt requests may take place during this
interval, but only the interrupt request flag will be recorded. If a certain interrupt requires servicing within the
service routine, the EMI bit and the corresponding bit of
the INTC0 or of INTC1 may be set in order to allow interrupt nesting. Once the stack is full, the interrupt request
(except NMI) will not be acknowledged, even if the related interrupt is enabled, until the SP is decremented. If
immediate service is desired, the stack should be prevented from becoming full.
The A/D converter Interrupt is a Non-maskable interrupt
(NMI) which occurs when an A/D conversion process
has been completed and EOCB becomes ²0². The A/D
converter interrupt is controlled by an EADI (bit 7 of the
INTC0). When EADI=²1², the A/D converter interrupt is
enabled. If the EADI=²0², the A/D converter interrupt is
disabled. The A/D converter interrupt cannot be masked
by disabling the EMI. After the interrupt is enabled, and if
the A/D Conversion process has been completed (when
EOCB becomes ²0²), a subroutine call to location 1CH
occurs. If the stack is and if the A/D converter interrupt
subroutine is serviced, the A/D converter interrupt¢s return address will be pushed into the stack, and the first
return address in the stack will be flushed. It is important
that at least one stack level is left available when using
the A/D interrupt.
All these interrupts can support a wake-up function. As
an interrupt is serviced, a control transfer occurs by
pushing the contents of the PC onto the stack followed
by a branch to a subroutine at the specified location in
the ROM. Only the contents of the PC is pushed onto
the stack. If the contents of the register or of the status
register (STATUS) is altered by the interrupt service program which corrupts the desired control sequence, the
contents should be saved in advance.
External interrupts are triggered by a an edge transition
of INT0 or INT1 (ROM code option: high to low, low to
high, low to high or high to low), and the related interrupt
request flag (EIF0; bit 4 of INTC0, EIF1; bit 5 of INTC0)
is set as well. After the interrupt is enabled, the stack is
not full, and the external interrupt is active, a subroutine
call to location 04H or 08H occurs. The interrupt request
flag (EIF0 or EIF1) and EMI bits are all cleared to disable
other maskable interrupts.
Register
INTC0
(0BH)
INTC1
(1EH)
The time base interrupt is initialized by setting the time
base interrupt request flag (TBF; bit 5 of INTC1), that is
caused by a regular time base signal. After the interrupt
is enabled, and the stack is not full, and the TBF bit is
Bit No.
Label
Function
0
EMI
Control the master (global) interrupt (1=enabled; 0=disabled)
1
EEI0
Control the external interrupt 0 (1=enabled; 0=disabled)
2
EEI1
Control the external interrupt 1 (1=enabled; 0=disabled)
3
ET0I
Control the Timer/Event Counter 0 interrupt (1=enabled; 0=disabled)
4
EIF0
External interrupt 0 request flag (1=active; 0=inactive)
5
EIF1
External interrupt 1 request flag (1=active; 0=inactive)
6
T0F
Internal Timer/Event Counter 0 request flag (1=active; 0=inactive)
7
EADI
Control the A/D converter interrupt (NMI; 1=enable; 0=disable)
0
ET1I
Control the Timer/Event Counter 1 interrupt (1=enabled; 0=disabled)
1
ETBI
Control the time base interrupt (1=enabled; 0:disabled)
2
ERTI
Control the real time clock interrupt (1=enabled; 0:disabled)
3
¾
4
T1F
Internal Timer/Event Counter 1 request flag (1=active; 0=inactive)
Unused bit, read as ²0²
5
TBF
Time base request flag (1=active; 0=inactive)
6
RTF
Real time clock request flag (1=active; 0=inactive)
7
¾
Unused bit, read as ²0²
INTC Register
Rev. 1.40
11
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
converter interrupt (EADI) make up of the Interrupt Control register 0 (INTC0) which is located at 0BH in the
RAM. The real time clock interrupt request flag (RTF),
time base interrupt request flag (TBF), Timer/Event
Counter 1 interrupt request flag (T1F), enable real time
clock interrupt bit (ERTI), and enable time base interrupt
bit (ETBI), enable Timer/Event Counter 1 interrupt bit
(ET1I) on the other hand, constitute the Interrupt Control
register 1 (INTC1) which is located at 1EH in the RAM.
EMI, EEI0, EEI1, ET0I, ET1I, ETBI, and ERTI are all
used to control the enable/disable status of interrupts.
These bits prevent the requested interrupt from being
serviced. Once the interrupt request flags (RTF, TBF,
T0F, T1F, EIF1, EIF0) are all set, they remain in the
INTC1 or INTC0 respectively until the interrupts are serviced or cleared by a software instruction.
set, a subroutine call to location 14H occurs. The related
interrupt request flag (TBF) is reset and the EMI bit is
cleared to disable further maskable interrupts.
The real time clock interrupt is initialized by setting the
real time clock interrupt request flag (RTF; bit 6 of
INTC1), that is caused by a regular real time clock signal. After the interrupt is enabled, and the stack is not
full, and the RTF bit is set, a subroutine call to location
18H occurs. The related interrupt request flag (RTF) is
reset and the EMI bit is cleared to disable further
maskable interrupts.
During the execution of an interrupt subroutine, other
maskable interrupt acknowledgments are all held until
the ²RETI² instruction is executed or the EMI bit and the
related interrupt control bit are set both to 1 (if the stack
is not full). To return from the interrupt subroutine, ²RET²
or ²RETI² may be invoked. RETI sets the EMI bit and enables an interrupt service, but RET does not.
It is recommended that a program should not use the
²CALL subroutine² within the interrupt subroutine. It¢s because interrupts often occur in an unpredictable manner
or require to be serviced immediately in some applications. During that period, if only one stack is left, and enabling the interrupt is not well controlled, operation of the
²call² in the interrupt subroutine may damage the original control sequence.
Interrupts occurring in the interval between the rising
edges of two consecutive T2 pulses are serviced on the
latter of the two T2 pulses if the corresponding interrupts
are enabled. In the case of simultaneous requests, the
priorities in the following table apply. Except for A/D converter interrupt (NMI). These can be masked by resetting the EMI bit.
Interrupt Source
Priority
Vector
External interrupt 0
2
04H
External interrupt 1
3
08H
Timer/Event Counter 0 overflow
4
0CH
Timer/Event Counter 1 overflow
5
10H
Time base interrupt
6
14H
Real time clock interrupt
7
18H
A/D converter interrupt (This is a
Non-Maskable Interrupt: NMI)
1
1CH
Oscillator Configuration
The device provides three oscillator circuits for system
clocks, i.e., RC oscillator, crystal oscillator and 32768Hz
crystal oscillator, determined by options. No matter what
type of oscillator is selected, the signal is used for the
system clock. The HALT mode stops the system oscillator (RC and crystal oscillator only) and ignores external
signal in order to conserve power. The 32768Hz crystal
oscillator still runs at HALT mode. If the 32768Hz crystal
oscillator is selected as the system oscillator, the system
oscillator is not stopped; but the instruction execution is
stopped. Since the 32768Hz oscillator is also designed
for timing purposes, the internal timing (RTC, time base,
WDT) operation still runs even if the system enters the
HALT mode.
The Timer/Event Counter 0 interrupt request flag (T0F),
external interrupt 1 request flag (EIF1), external interrupt 0 request flag (EIF0), enable Timer/Event Counter
0 interrupt bit (ET0I), enable external interrupt 1 bit
(EEI1), enable external interrupt 0 bit (EEI0), enable
master interrupt bit (EMI), and enable control the A/D
Of the three oscillators, if the RC oscillator is used, an
external resistor between OSC1 and VSS is required,
and the range of the resistance should be from 30kW to
750kW. The system clock, divided by 4, is available on
V
O S C 3
O S C 1
O S C 4
O S C 2
3 2 7 6 8 H z C r y s ta l/R T C O s c illa to r
C r y s ta l O s c illa to r
D D
4 7 0 p F
O S C 1
fS
Y S
/4
O S C 2
R C
O s c illa to r
System Oscillator
Note: *32768Hz crystal enable condition: For WDT clock source or for system clock source.
Rev. 1.40
12
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
OSC2 with pull-high resistor, which can be used to synchronize external logic. The RC oscillator provides the
most cost effective solution. However, the frequency of
the oscillation may vary with VDD, temperature, and the
chip itself due to process variations. It is therefore, not
suitable for timing sensitive operations where accurate
oscillator frequency is desired.
WDT option, longer time-out periods can be realized. If
the WDT time-out is selected 215, the maximum time-out
period is divided by 215~216about 2.1s~4.3s. If the WDT
oscillator is disabled, the WDT clock may still come from
the instruction clock and operate in the same manner
except that in the halt state the WDT may stop counting
and lose its protecting purpose. In this situation the logic
can only be restarted by external logic. If the device operates in a noisy environment, using the on-chip RC oscillator (WDT OSC) is strongly recommended, since the
HALT will stop the system clock.
On the other hand, if the crystal oscillator is selected, a
crystal across OSC1 and OSC2 is needed to provide the
feedback and phase shift required for the oscillator, and
no other external components are required. A resonator
may be connected between OSC1 and OSC2 to replace
the crystal and to get a frequency reference, but two external capacitors in OSC1 and OSC2 are required.
The WDT overflow under normal operation initializes a
²chip reset² and sets the status bit ²TO². In the HALT
mode, the overflow initializes a ²warm reset², and only
the PC and SP are reset to zero. To clear the contents of
the WDT, there are three methods to be adopted, i.e.,
external reset (a low level to RES), software instruction,
and a ²HALT² instruction. There are two types of software instructions; ²CLR WDT² and the other set - ²CLR
WDT1² and ²CLR WDT2². Of these two types of instruction, only one type of instruction can be active at a time
depending on the options - ²CLR WDT² times selection
option. If the ²CLR WDT² is selected (i.e., CLR WDT
times equal one), any execution of the ²CLR WDT² instruction clears the WDT. In the case that ²CLR WDT1²
and ²CLR WDT2² are chosen (i.e., CLR WDT times
equal two), these two instructions have to be executed
to clear the WDT; otherwise, the WDT may reset the
chip due to time-out.
There is another oscillator circuit designed for the real
time clock. In this case, only the 32.768kHz crystal oscillator can be applied. The crystal should be connected
between OSC3 and OSC4.
The RTC oscillator circuit can be controlled to oscillate
quickly by setting the ²QOSC² bit (bit 4 of RTCC). It is
recommended to turn on the quick oscillating function
upon power on, and then turn it off after 2 seconds.
The WDT oscillator is a free running on-chip RC oscillator, and no external components are required. Although
the system enters the power down mode, the system
clock stops, and the WDT oscillator still works with a period of approximately 65ms at 5V. The WDT oscillator
can be disabled by options to conserve power.
Watchdog Timer - WDT
Multi-function Timer
The WDT clock source is implemented by a dedicated
RC oscillator (WDT oscillator) or an instruction clock
(system clock/4) or a real time clock oscillator (RTC oscillator). The timer is designed to prevent a software
malfunction or sequence from jumping to an unknown
location with unpredictable results. The WDT can be
disabled by options. But if the WDT is disabled, all executions related to the WDT lead to no operation.
The HT46R64/HT46C64 provides a multi-function timer
for the WDT, time base and RTC but with different
time-out periods. The multi-function timer consists of an
8-stage divider and a 7-bit prescaler, with the clock
source coming from the WDT OSC or RTC OSC or the
instruction clock (i.e., system clock divided by 4). The
multi-function timer also provides a selectable frequency signal (ranges from fS/22 to fS/28) for LCD driver
circuits, and a selectable frequency signal (ranging from
fS/22 to fS/29) for the buzzer output by options. It is recommended to select a nearly 4kHz signal for the LCD
driver circuits to have proper display.
Once an internal WDT oscillator (RC oscillator with period 65ms at 5V normally) is selected, it is divided by
212~215 (by option to get the WDT time-out period). The
minimum period of WDT time-out period is about
300ms~600ms. This time-out period may vary with temperature, VDD and process variations. By selection the
S y s te m
C lo c k /4
R T C
O S C 3 2 7 6 8 H z
O p tio n
fS
D iv id e r
fS /2
8
W D T
P r e s c a le r
O p tio n
W D T
1 2 k H z
O S C
C K
T
R
W D T C le a r
C K
T
R
T im e 2 15/fS ~
2 14/fS ~
2 13/fS ~
2 12/fS ~
o u
2 1
2 1
2 1
2 1
t R e s e t
6 / f
S
5 / f
S
4 / f
S
3 / f
S
Watchdog Timer
Rev. 1.40
13
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
fs
D iv id e r
P r e s c a le r
O p tio n
O p tio n
L C D D r iv e r ( fS /2 2 ~ fS /2 8 )
B u z z e r (fS /2 2~ fS /2 9)
T im e B a s e In te r r u p t
2 12/fS ~ 2 15/fS
Time Base
· The system oscillator turns off but the WDT oscillator
Time Base
keeps running (if the WDT oscillator or the real time
clock is selected).
The time base offers a periodic time-out period to generate a regular internal interrupt. Its time-out period
ranges from 212/fS to 215/fS selected by options. If time
base time-out occurs, the related interrupt request flag
(TBF; bit 5 of INTC1) is set. But if the interrupt is enabled, and the stack is not full, a subroutine call to location 14H occurs.
· The contents of the on-chip RAM and of the registers
remain unchanged.
· The WDT is cleared and start recounting (if the WDT
clock source is from the WDT oscillator or the real time
clock oscillator).
· All I/O ports maintain their original status.
Real Time Clock - RTC
· The PDF flag is set but the TO flag is cleared.
The real time clock (RTC) is operated in the same manner as the time base that is used to supply a regular internal interrupt. Its time-out period ranges from fS/28 to
fS/215 by software programming . Writing data to RT2,
RT1 and RT0 (bit 2, 1, 0 of RTCC;09H) yields various
time-out periods. If the RTC time-out occurs, the related
interrupt request flag (RTF; bit 6 of INTC1) is set. But if
the interrupt is enabled, and the stack is not full, a subroutine call to location 18H occurs.
· LCD driver is still running (if the WDT OSC or RTC
RT2
RT1
RT0
RTC Clock Divided Factor
0
0
0
2 8*
0
0
1
2 9*
0
1
0
210*
0
1
1
211*
1
0
0
212
1
0
1
213
1
1
0
214
1
1
1
215
OSC is selected).
The system quits the HALT mode by an external reset,
an interrupt, an external falling edge signal on port A, or
a WDT overflow. An external reset causes device initialization, and the WDT overflow performs a ²warm reset².
After examining the TO and PDF flags, the reason for
chip reset can be determined. The PDF flag is cleared by
system power-up or by executing the ²CLR WDT² instruction, and is set by executing the ²HALT² instruction.
On the other hand, the TO flag is set if WDT time-out occurs, and causes a wake-up that only resets the PC (Program Counter) and SP, and leaves the others at their
original state.
The port A wake-up and interrupt methods can be considered as a continuation of normal execution. Each bit
in port A can be independently selected to wake up the
device by options. Awakening from an I/O port stimulus,
the program resumes execution of the next instruction.
On the other hand, awakening from an interrupt, two sequence may occur. If the related interrupt is disabled or
the interrupt is enabled but the stack is full, the program
resumes execution at the next instruction. But if the interrupt is enabled, and the stack is not full, the regular interrupt response takes place.
Note: ²*² not recommended to be used
Power Down Operation - HALT
The HALT mode is initialized by the ²HALT² instruction
and results in the following.
fS
D iv id e r
P r e s c a le r
R T 2
R T 1
R T 0
8 to 1
M u x .
2 8/fS ~ 2 15/fS
R T C In te rru p t
Real Time Clock
Rev. 1.40
14
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
The functional unit chip reset status is shown below.
When an interrupt request flag is set before entering the
²HALT² status, the system cannot be awakened using
that interrupt.
If wake-up events occur, it takes 1024 tSYS (system
clock period) to resume normal operation. In other
words, a dummy period is inserted after the wake-up. If
the wake-up results from an interrupt acknowledgment,
the actual interrupt subroutine execution is delayed by
more than one cycle. However, if the wake-up results in
the next instruction execution, the execution will be performed immediately after the dummy period is finished.
PC
000H
Interrupt
Disabled
Prescaler, Divider
Cleared
WDT, RTC, Time Base
Cleared. After master reset,
WDT starts counting
Timer/event Counter
Off
Input/output Ports
Input mode
SP
Points to the top of the stack
To minimize power consumption, all the I/O pins should
be carefully managed before entering the HALT status.
V
D D
0 .0 1 m F *
Reset
There are three ways in which reset may occur.
1 0 0 k W
· RES is reset during normal operation
R E S
· RES is reset during HALT
1 0 k W
· WDT time-out is reset during normal operation
0 .1 m F *
The WDT time-out during HALT differs from other chip
reset conditions, for it can perform a ²warm reset² that
resets only the PC and SP and leaves the other circuits
at their original state. Some registers remain unaffected
during any other reset conditions. Most registers are reset to the ²initial condition² once the reset conditions are
met. Examining the PDF and TO flags, the program can
distinguish between different ²chip resets².
TO
PDF
0
0
RES reset during power-up
u
u
RES reset during normal operation
0
1
RES Wake-up HALT
1
u
WDT time-out during normal operation
1
1
WDT Wake-up HALT
Reset Circuit
Note:
RESET Conditions
²*² Make the length of the wiring, which is connected to the RES pin as short as possible, to
avoid noise interference.
V D D
R E S
tS
S T
S S T T im e - o u t
C h ip
R e s e t
Reset Timing Chart
Note: ²u² stands for unchanged
H A L T
To guarantee that the system oscillator is started and
stabilized, the SST (System Start-up Timer) provides an
extra-delay of 1024 system clock pulses when the system awakes from the HALT state or during power up.
Awaking from the HALT state or system power-up, the
SST delay is added.
W D T
An extra SST delay is added during the power-up period, and any wake-up from HALT may enable only the
SST delay.
R e s e t
T im e - o u t
R e s e t
E x te rn a l
R E S
O S C 1
W a rm
W D T
C o ld
R e s e t
S S T
1 0 - b it R ip p le
C o u n te r
P o w e r - o n D e te c tio n
Reset Configuration
Rev. 1.40
15
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
The register states are summarized below:
Register
Reset
(Power On)
WDT Time-out
RES Reset
(Normal Operation) (Normal Operation)
RES Reset
(HALT)
WDT Time-out
(HALT)*
TMR0
xxxx xxxx
xxxx xxxx
xxxx xxxx
xxxx xxxx
uuuu uuuu
TMR0C
00-0 1000
00-0 1000
00-0 1000
00-0 1000
uu-u uuuu
TMR1H
xxxx xxxx
xxxx xxxx
xxxx xxxx
xxxx xxxx
uuuu uuuu
TMR1L
xxxx xxxx
xxxx xxxx
xxxx xxxx
xxxx xxxx
uuuu uuuu
TMR1C
0000 1---
0000 1---
0000 1---
0000 1---
uuuu u---
Program
Counter
0000H
0000H
0000H
0000H
0000H
MP0
xxxx xxxx
uuuu uuuu
uuuu uuuu
uuuu uuuu
uuuu uuuu
MP1
xxxx xxxx
uuuu uuuu
uuuu uuuu
uuuu uuuu
uuuu uuuu
BP
0000 0000
0000 0000
0000 0000
0000 0000
uuuu uuuu
ACC
xxxx xxxx
uuuu uuuu
uuuu uuuu
uuuu uuuu
uuuu uuuu
TBLP
xxxx xxxx
uuuu uuuu
uuuu uuuu
uuuu uuuu
uuuu uuuu
TBLH
-xxx xxxx
-xxx xxxx
-xxx xxxx
-xxx xxxx
-uuu uuuu
STATUS
--00 xxxx
--1u uuuu
--uu uuuu
--01 uuuu
--11 uuuu
INTC0
0000 0000
0000 0000
0000 0000
0000 0000
uuuu uuuu
INTC1
-000 -000
-000 -000
-000 -000
-000 -000
-uuu -uuu
RTCC
--00 0111
--00 0111
--00 0111
--00 0111
--uu uuuu
PA
1111 1111
1111 1111
1111 1111
1111 1111
uuuu uuuu
PAC
1111 1111
1111 1111
1111 1111
1111 1111
uuuu uuuu
PB
1111 1111
1111 1111
1111 1111
1111 1111
uuuu uuuu
PBC
1111 1111
1111 1111
1111 1111
1111 1111
uuuu uuuu
PD
1111 1111
1111 1111
1111 1111
1111 1111
uuuu uuuu
PDC
1111 1111
1111 1111
1111 1111
1111 1111
uuuu uuuu
PWM0
xxxx xxxx
xxxx xxxx
xxxx xxxx
xxxx xxxx
uuuu uuuu
PWM1
xxxx xxxx
xxxx xxxx
xxxx xxxx
xxxx xxxx
uuuu uuuu
PWM2
xxxx xxxx
xxxx xxxx
xxxx xxxx
xxxx xxxx
uuuu uuuu
PWM3
xxxx xxxx
xxxx xxxx
xxxx xxxx
xxxx xxxx
uuuu uuuu
ADRL
xx-- ----
xx-- ----
xx-- ----
xx-- ----
uu-- ----
ADRH
xxxx xxxx
xxxx xxxx
xxxx xxxx
xxxx xxxx
uuuu uuuu
ADCR
0100 0000
0100 0000
0100 0000
0100 0000
uuuu uuuu
ACSR
1--- --00
1--- --00
1--- --00
---- --00
u--- --uu
Note:
²*² stands for warm reset
²u² stands for unchanged
²x² stands for unknown
Rev. 1.40
16
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
internal lower-order byte buffer (8-bit) and writing
TMR1H will transfer the specified data and the contents
of the lower-order byte buffer to TMR1H and TMR1L
registers, respectively.
Timer/Event Counter
Two timer/event counters (TMR0,TMR1) are implemented in the microcontroller. The Timer/Event Counter
0 contains a 8-bit programmable count-up counter and
the clock may come from an external source or an internal clock source. An internal clock source comes from
fSYS. The Timer/Event Counter 1 contains a 16-bit programmable count-up counter and the clock may come
from an external source or an internal clock source. An
internal clock source comes from fSYS/4 or 32768Hz selected by option. The external clock input allows the
user to count external events, measure time intervals or
pulse widths, or to generate an accurate time base.
The Timer/Event Counter 1 preload register is changed
everytime there is a writing operation to TRM1H. Reading TMR1H will latch the contents of TMR1H and
TMR1L counters to the destination and the lower-order
byte buffer, respectively. Reading the TMR1L will read
the contents of the lower-order byte buffer. The TMR1C
is the Timer/Event Counter 1 control register, which defines the operating mode, counting enable or disable
and an active edge.
The T0M0, T0M1 (TMR0C) and T1M0, T1M1 (TMR1C)
bits define the operation mode. The event count mode is
used to count external events, which means that the
clock source is from an external (TMR0, TMR1) pin. The
timer mode functions as a normal timer with the clock
source coming from the internal selected clock source.
Finally, the pulse width measurement mode can be used
to count the high or low level duration of the external signal (TMR0, TMR1), and the counting is based on the internal selected clock source.
There are two registers related to the Timer/Event
Counter 0; TMR0 ([0DH]) and TMR0C ([0EH]). Two
physical registers are mapped to TMR0 location; writing
TMR0 puts the starting value in the Timer/Event Counter 0 register and reading TMR0 takes the contents of
the Timer/Event Counter 0. The TMR0C is a timer/event
counter control register, which defines some options.
There are three registers related to the Timer/Event
Counter 1; TMR1H (0FH), TMR1L (10H) and TMR1C
(11H). Writing TMR1L will only put the written data to an
P W M
(6 + 2 ) o r (7 + 1 )
C o m p a re
fS
Y S
T o P D 0 /P D 1 /P D 2 /P D 3 C ir c u it
8 - s ta g e P r e s c a le r
f IN
8 -1 M U X
T 0 P S C 2 ~ T 0 P S C 0
D a ta B u s
T
T 0 M 1
T 0 M 0
T M R 0
R e lo a d
8 - b it T im e r /E v e n t C o u n te r
P r e lo a d R e g is te r
T 0 E
T 0 M 1
T 0 M 0
T 0 O N
P u ls e W id th
M e a s u re m e n t
M o d e C o n tro l
8 - b it T im e r /E v e n t C o u n te r
(T M R 0 )
O v e r flo w
to In te rru p t
P F D 0
Timer/Event Counter 0
D a ta B u s
fS Y S /4
3 2 7 6 8 H z
T 1 S
M
U
f IN
L o w B y te
B u ffe r
T
X
T 1 M 1
T 1 M 0
T M R 1
1 6 - B it
P r e lo a d R e g is te r
T 1 E
T 1 M 1
T 1 M 0
T 1 O N
P u ls e W id th
M e a s u re m e n t
M o d e C o n tro l
H ig h B y te
R e lo a d
O v e r flo w
L o w B y te
to In te rru p t
1 6 - B it T im e r /E v e n t C o u n te r
P F D 1
Timer/Event Counter 1
P F D 0
P F D 1
M
U
X
1 /2
P F D
P A 3 D a ta C T R L
P F D
S o u r c e O p tio n
PFD Source Option
Rev. 1.40
17
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
In the event count or timer mode, the timer/event counter 0(1) starts counting at the current contents in the
timer/event counter 0(1) and ends at FFH(FFFFH).
Once an overflow occurs, the counter is reloaded from
the timer/event counter preload register, and generates
an interrupt request flag (T0F; bit 6 of INTC0, T1F; bit 4
of INTC1). In the pulse width measurement mode with
the values of the T0ON/T1ON and T0E/T1E bits equal
to 1, after the TMR0 (TMR1) has received a transient
from low to high (or high to low if the TE bit is ²0²), it will
start counting until the TMR0 (TMR1) returns to the original level and resets the T0ON/T1ON. The measured result remains in the timer/event counter even if the
activated transient occurs again. In other words, only
1-cycle measurement can be made until the
T0ON/T1ON is set. The cycle measurement will
Label
(TMR0C)
re-function as long as it receives further transient pulse.
In this operation mode, the timer/event counter begins
counting not according to the logic level but to the transient edges. In the case of counter overflows, the counter is reloaded from the timer/event counter register and
issues an interrupt request, as in the other two modes,
i.e., event and timer modes.
To enable the counting operation, the Timer ON bit
(T0ON: bit 4 of TMR0C; T1ON: bit 4 of TMR1C) should
be set to 1. In the pulse width measurement mode, the
T0ON/T1ON is automatically cleared after the measurement cycle is completed. But in the other two modes, the
T0ON/T1ON can only be reset by instructions. The
overflow of the Timer/Event Counter 0/1 is one of the
wake-up sources and can also be applied to a PFD (Programmable Frequency Divider) output at PA3 by op-
Bits
Function
T0PSC0
T0PSC1
T0PSC2
0
1
2
To define the prescaler stages.
T0PSC2, T0PSC1, T0PSC0=
000: fINT=fSYS
001: fINT=fSYS/2
010: fINT=fSYS/4
011: fINT=fSYS/8
100: fINT=fSYS/16
101: fINT=fSYS/32
110: fINT=fSYS/64
111: fINT=fSYS/128
T0E
3
Defines the TMR active edge of timer/event counter
(0=active on low to high; 1=active on high to low)
T0ON
4
Enable/disable timer counting
(0=disabled; 1=enabled)
¾
5
Unused bit, read as ²0²
6
7
Defines the operating mode T0M1, T0M0=
01= Event count mode (External clock)
10= Timer mode (Internal clock)
11= Pulse Width measurement mode (External clock)
00= Unused
T0M0
T0M1
TMR0C Register
Label
(TMR1C)
Bits
¾
0~2
Function
Unused bit, read as ²0²
T1E
3
Defines the TMR1 active edge of the timer/event counter
(0= active on low to high; 1= active on high to low)
T1ON
4
Enable/disable timer counting
(0= disabled; 1= enabled)
T1S
5
Defines the TMR1 internal clock source
(0=fSYS/4; 1=32768Hz)
6
7
Defines the operating mode T1M1, T1M0=
01= Event count mode (External clock)
10= Timer mode (Internal clock)
11= Pulse Width measurement mode (External clock)
00= Unused
T1M0
T1M1
TMR1C Register
Rev. 1.40
18
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
register must write ²1². The input source also depends
on the control register. If the control register bit is ²1²,
the input will read the pad state. If the control register bit
is ²0², the contents of the latches will move to the internal bus. The latter is possible in the ²read-modify-write²
instruction.
tions. Only one PFD (PFD0 or PFD1) can be applied to
PA3 by options. If PA3 is set as PFD output, there are
two types of selections; One is PFD0 as the PFD output,
the other is PFD1 as the PFD output. PFD0, PFD1 are
the timer overflow signals of the Timer/Event Counter 0,
Timer/Event Counter 1 respectively. No matter what the
operation mode is, writing a 0 to ET0I or ET1I disables
the related interrupt service. When the PFD function is
selected, executing ²SET [PA].3² instruction to enable
PFD output and executing ²CLR [PA].3² instruction to
disable PFD output.
For output function, CMOS is the only configuration.
These control registers are mapped to locations 13H,
15H and 19H.
After a chip reset, these input/output lines remain at high
levels or floating state (depending on pull-high options).
Each bit of these input/output latches can be set or
cleared by ²SET [m].i² and ²CLR [m].i² (m=12H, 14H or
18H) instructions.
In the case of timer/event counter OFF condition, writing
data to the timer/event counter preload register also reloads that data to the timer/event counter. But if the
timer/event counter is turn on, data written to the
timer/event counter is kept only in the timer/event counter preload register. The timer/event counter still continues its operation until an overflow occurs.
Some instructions first input data and then follow the
output operations. For example, ²SET [m].i², ²CLR
[m].i², ²CPL [m]², ²CPLA [m]² read the entire port states
into the CPU, execute the defined operations
(bit-operation), and then write the results back to the
latches or the accumulator.
When the timer/event counter (reading TMR0/TMR1) is
read, the clock is blocked to avoid errors, as this may results in a counting error. Blocking of the clock should be
taken into account by the programmer. It is strongly recommended to load a desired value into the TMR0/TMR1
register first, before turning on the related timer/event
counter, for proper operation since the initial value of
TMR0/TMR1 is unknown. Due to the timer/event counter scheme, the programmer should pay special attention on the instruction to enable then disable the timer
for the first time, whenever there is a need to use the
timer/event counter function, to avoid unpredictable result. After this procedure, the timer/event function can
be operated normally.
Each line of port A has the capability of waking-up the
device.
Each I/O port has a pull-high option. Once the pull-high
option is selected, the I/O port has a pull-high resistor,
otherwise, there¢s none. Take note that a non-pull-high
I/O port operating in input mode will cause a floating
state.
The PA3 is pin-shared with the PFD signal. If the PFD
option is selected, the output signal in output mode of
PA3 will be the PFD signal generated by timer/event
counter overflow signal. The input mode always retain
its original functions. Once the PFD option is selected,
the PFD output signal is controlled by PA3 data register
only. Writing ²1² to PA3 data register will enable the PFD
output function and writing 0 will force the PA3 to remain
at ²0². The I/O functions of PA3 are shown below.
The bit0~bit2 of the TMR0C can be used to define the
pre-scaling stages of the internal clock sources of
timer/event counter 0. The definitions are as shown. The
overflow signal of timer/event counter can be used to
generate the PFD signal. The timer prescaler is also
used as the PWM counter.
I/O
I/P
Mode (Normal)
Input/Output Ports
There are 24 bidirectional input/output lines in the
microcontroller, labeled as PA, PB and PD, which are
mapped to the data memory of [12H], [14H] and [18H]
respectively. All of these I/O ports can be used for input
and output operations. For input operation, these ports
are non-latching, that is, the inputs must be ready at the
T2 rising edge of instruction ²MOV A,[m]² (m=12H, 14H
or 18H). For output operation, all the data is latched and
remains unchanged until the output latch is rewritten.
PA3
Note:
I/P
(PFD)
O/P
(PFD)
Logical
Output
Logical
Input
PFD
(Timer on)
The PFD frequency is the timer/event counter
overflow frequency divided by 2.
The PA0, PA1, PA3, PD4, PD5, PD6 and PD7 are
pin-shared with BZ, BZ, PFD, INT0, INT1, TMR0 and
TMR1 pins respectively.
The PA0 and PA1 are pin-shared with BZ and BZ signal,
respectively. If the BZ/BZ option is selected, the output
signal in output mode of PA0/PA1 will be the buzzer signal generated by multi-function timer. The input mode
always remain in its original function. Once the BZ/BZ
option is selected, the buzzer output signal are controlled by the PA0, PA1 data register only.
Each I/O line has its own control register (PAC, PBC,
PDC) to control the input/output configuration. With this
control register, CMOS output or Schmitt Trigger input
with or without pull-high resistor structures can be reconfigured dynamically under software control. To function as an input, the corresponding latch of the control
Rev. 1.40
Logical
Input
O/P
(Normal)
19
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
V
C o n tr o l B it
W r ite C o n tr o l R e g is te r
P U
Q
D
D a ta B u s
C K
D D
P A 0
P A 1
P A 2
P A 3
P A 4
P B 0
P D 0
P D 1
P D 2
P D 3
P D 4
P D 5
P D 6
P D 7
Q
S
C h ip R e s e t
R e a d C o n tr o l R e g is te r
D a ta B it
Q
D
Q
C K
W r ite D a ta R e g is te r
S
M
P A 0 /P A 1 /P A 3 /P D 0 /P D 1 /P D 2 /P D 3
B Z /B Z /P F D /P W M 0 /P W M 1 /P W M 2 /P W M 3
M
R e a d D a ta R e g is te r
U
T 0
T 1
R 0
R 1
fo
fo
fo
fo
r P
r P
r P
r P
D 4
D 5
D 6
D 7
o n
o n
o n
o n
/P F D
~ P A 7
/A N 0 ~ P B 7 /A N 7
/P W M 0
/P W M 1
/P W M 2
/P W M 3
/IN T 0
/IN T 1
/T M R 0
/T M R 1
X
P F D E N
(P A 3 )
X
S y s te m W a k e -u p
( P A o n ly )
IN
IN
T M
T M
U
/B Z
/B Z
O P 0 ~ O P 7
ly
ly
ly
ly
Input/Output Ports
The I/O function of PA0/PA1 are shown below.
PA0 I/O
I
I
O O O O O O O O
PA1 I/O
I
O
I
PA0 Mode
X X C B B C B B B B
PA1 Mode
X C X X X C C C B B
PA0 Data
X X D 0
PA1 Data
X D X X X D1 D D X X
PA0 Pad Status
I
I
D 0
B D0 0
0
B
PA1 Pad Status
I
D
I
I D1 D D 0
B
Note:
I
I
I
It is recommended that unused or not bonded out I/O
lines should be set as output pins by software instruction
to avoid consuming power under input floating state.
O O O O O
1 D0 0
1
B
0
The definitions of PFD control signal and PFD output
frequency are listed in the following table.
Timer
PA3 Data PA3 Pad
Timer Preload
Register
State
Value
1
²I² input; ²O² output
²D, D0, D1² Data
²B² buzzer option, BZ or BZ
²X² don¢t care
²C² CMOS output
I/O
Mode
PD0
PD1
PD2
PD3
Rev. 1.40
I/P
O/P
(Normal) (Normal)
Logical
Input
Logical
Output
OFF
X
0
0
X
OFF
X
1
U
X
ON
N
0
0
X
ON
N
1
PFD
fTMR/[2´(M-N)]
Note:
The PB can also be used as A/D converter inputs. The
A/D function will be described later. There is a PWM
function shared with PD0/PD1/PD2/PD3. If the PWM
function is enabled, the PWM0/PWM1/PWM2/PWM3
s ig n a l w i l l appear on P D 0/ P D 1 / P D 2 / P D 3 ( i f
PD0/PD1/PD2/PD3 is operating in output mode). Writing ²1² to PD0~PD3 data register will enable the PWM
output function and writing ²0² will force the PD0~PD3 to
remain at ²0². The I/O functions of PD0/PD1/PD2/PD3
are as shown.
I/P
(PWM)
O/P
(PWM)
Logical
Input
PWM0
PWM1
PWM2
PWM3
PFD
Frequency
²X² stands for unused
²U² stands for unknown
²M² is ²256² for PFD0 or ²65536² for PFD1
²N² is preload value for timer/event counter
²fTMR² is input clock frequency for timer/event
counter
PWM
The microcontroller provides 4 channels (6+2)/(7+1)
(dependent on options) bits PWM output shared with
PD0/PD1/PD2/PD3. The PWM channels have their data
registers denoted as PWM0 (1AH), PWM1 (1BH),
PWM2 (1CH) and PWM3 (1DH). The frequency source
of the PWM counter comes from fSYS. The PWM registers are four 8-bit registers. The waveforms of PWM outputs are as shown. Once the PD0/PD1/PD2/PD3 are
selected as the PWM outputs and the output function of
PD0/PD1/PD2/PD3 are enabled (PDC.0/PDC.1/
PDC.2/PDC.3=²0²), writing ²1² to PD0/PD1/PD2/PD3
20
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
data register will enable the PWM output function and
writing ²0² will force the PD0/PD1/PD2/PD3 to stay at
²0².
A (7+1) bits mode PWM cycle is divided into two modulation cycles (modulation cycle0~modulation cycle 1).
Each modulation cycle has 128 PWM input clock period.
A (6+2) bits mode PWM cycle is divided into four modulation cycles (modulation cycle 0~modulation cycle 3).
Each modulation cycle has 64 PWM input clock period.
In a (6+2) bit PWM function, the contents of the PWM
register is divided into two groups. Group 1 of the PWM
register is denoted by DC which is the value of
PWM.7~PWM.2.
In a (7+1) bits PWM function, the contents of the PWM
register is divided into two groups. Group 1 of the PWM
register is denoted by DC which is the value of
PWM.7~PWM.1.
The group 2 is denoted by AC which is the value of
PWM.0.
In a (7+1) bits mode PWM cycle, the duty cycle of each
modulation cycle is shown in the table.
The group 2 is denoted by AC which is the value of
PWM.1~PWM.0.
Parameter
In a (6+2) bits mode PWM cycle, the duty cycle of each
modulation cycle is shown in the table.
Parameter
AC (0~3)
fS
i³AC
Duty Cycle
i<AC
DC+1
128
i³AC
DC
128
Modulation cycle i
(i=0~1)
Duty Cycle
DC+1
64
DC
64
i<AC
Modulation cycle i
(i=0~3)
AC (0~1)
The modulation frequency, cycle frequency and cycle
duty of the PWM output signal are summarized in the
following table.
/2
Y S
[P W M ] = 1 0 0
P W M
2 5 /6 4
2 5 /6 4
2 5 /6 4
2 5 /6 4
2 5 /6 4
2 6 /6 4
2 5 /6 4
2 5 /6 4
2 5 /6 4
2 6 /6 4
2 6 /6 4
2 6 /6 4
2 5 /6 4
2 5 /6 4
2 6 /6 4
2 6 /6 4
2 6 /6 4
2 5 /6 4
2 6 /6 4
[P W M ] = 1 0 1
P W M
[P W M ] = 1 0 2
P W M
[P W M ] = 1 0 3
P W M
2 6 /6 4
P W M
m o d u la tio n p e r io d : 6 4 /fS
M o d u la tio n c y c le 0
Y S
M o d u la tio n c y c le 1
P W M
M o d u la tio n c y c le 2
c y c le : 2 5 6 /fS
M o d u la tio n c y c le 3
M o d u la tio n c y c le 0
Y S
(6+2) PWM Mode
fS
Y S
/2
[P W M ] = 1 0 0
P W M
5 0 /1 2 8
5 0 /1 2 8
5 0 /1 2 8
5 1 /1 2 8
5 0 /1 2 8
5 1 /1 2 8
5 1 /1 2 8
5 1 /1 2 8
5 1 /1 2 8
5 1 /1 2 8
5 2 /1 2 8
[P W M ] = 1 0 1
P W M
[P W M ] = 1 0 2
P W M
[P W M ] = 1 0 3
P W M
5 2 /1 2 8
P W M
m o d u la tio n p e r io d : 1 2 8 /fS
Y S
M o d u la tio n c y c le 0
M o d u la tio n c y c le 1
P W M
c y c le : 2 5 6 /fS
M o d u la tio n c y c le 0
Y S
(7+1) PWM Mode
Rev. 1.40
21
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
PWM
Modulation Frequency
The bit 7 of the ACSR is used for testing purposes only.
It can not be used by the users.
PWM Cycle PWM Cycle
Frequency
Duty
fSYS/64 for (6+2) bits mode
fSYS/128 for (7+1) bits mode
fSYS/256
The bit1 and bit0 of the ACSR are used to select A/D
clock sources.
[PWM]/256
Label
Bits
(ACSR)
A/D Converter
The 8 channels and 10 bits resolution A/D (9 bits accuracy) converter are implemented in this microcontroller.
The reference voltage is VDD. The A/D converter contains 4 special registers which are; ADRL (24H), ADRH
(25H), ADCR (26H) and ACSR (27H). The ADRH and
ADRL are A/D result register higher-order byte and
lower-order byte and are read-only. After the A/D conversion is completed, the ADRH and ADRL should be
read to get the conversion result data. The ADCR is an
A/D converter control register, which defines the A/D
channel number, analog channel select, start A/D conversion control bit and the end of A/D conversion flag. If
the users want to start an A/D conversion. Define PB
configuration, select the converted analog channel, and
give START bit a rising edge and falling edge (0®1®0).
At the end of A/D conversion, the EOCB bit is cleared
and an A/D converter interrupt occurs. The ACSR is A/D
clock setting register, which is used to select the A/D
clock source.
ADCS0
ADCS1
¾
0
1
Function
Selects the A/D converter clock
source
00= system clock/2
01= system clock/8
10= system clock/32
11= undefined
2~6 Unused bit, read as ²0²
TEST
7
For test mode used only
ACSR Register
Label
Bits
(ADCR)
The A/D converter control register is used to control the
A/D converter. The bit2~bit0 of the ADCR are used to
select an analog input channel. There are a total of eight
channels to select. The bit5~bit3 of the ADCR are used
to set PB configurations. PB can be an analog input or
as digital I/O line decided by these 3 bits. Once a PB line
is selected as an analog input, the I/O functions and
pull-high resistor of this I/O line are disabled and the A/D
converter circuit is powered-on. The EOCB bit (bit6 of
the ADCR) is end of A/D conversion flag. Check this bit
to know when A/D conversion is completed. The START
bit of the ADCR is used to begin the conversion of the
A/D converter. Giving START bit a rising edge and falling edge means that the A/D conversion has started. In
order to ensure that the A/D conversion is completed,
the START should remain at ²0² until the EOCB is
cleared to ²0² (end of A/D conversion).
Function
ACS0
ACS1
ACS2
0
1
2
Defines the analog channel select.
PCR0
PCR1
PCR2
3
4
5
Defines the port B configuration select. If PCR0, PCR1 and PCR2 are all
zero, the ADC circuit is power off to reduce power consumption
EOCB
6
Provides response at the end of the
A/D conversion.
(0= end of A/D conversion)
START
7
Starts the A/D conversion. (0®1®0=
start; 0®1= reset A/D converter)
ADCR Register
ACS2 ACS1 ACS0
Analog Channel
0
0
0
A0
0
0
1
A1
0
1
0
A2
0
1
1
A3
1
0
0
A4
1
0
1
A5
1
1
0
A6
1
1
1
A7
Analog Input Channel Selection
PCR2
PCR1
PCR0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
0
0
0
PB7
PB6
PB5
PB4
PB3
PB2
PB1
PB0
0
0
1
PB7
PB6
PB5
PB4
PB3
PB2
PB1
A0
0
1
0
PB7
PB6
PB5
PB4
PB3
PB2
A1
A0
0
1
1
PB7
PB6
PB5
PB4
PB3
A2
A1
A0
1
0
0
PB7
PB6
PB5
PB4
A3
A2
A1
A0
1
0
1
PB7
PB6
PB5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
1
1
0
PB7
PB6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
1
1
1
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
Port B Configuration
Rev. 1.40
22
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
When the A/D conversion is completed, the A/D interrupt request flag is set. The EOCB bit is set to ²1² when the START
bit is set from ²0² to ²1².
Register
Bit7
Bit6
Bit5
Bit4
Bit3
Bit2
Bit1
Bit0
ADRL
D1
D0
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
ADRH
D9
D8
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
Note: D0~D9 is A/D conversion result data bit LSB~MSB.
The following two programming examples illustrate how to setup and implement an A/D conversion. In the first example, the method of polling the EOCB bit in the ADCR register is used to detect when the conversion cycle is complete,
whereas in the second example, the A/D interrupt is used to determine when the conversion is complete.
Example: using EOCB Polling Method to detect end of conversion
clr INTC0.7
; disable A/D interrupt in interrupt control register
mov a,00100000B
mov ADCR,a
; setup ADCR register to configure Port PB0~PB3 as A/D inputs and select
; AN0 to be connected to the A/D converter
mov a,00000001B
mov ACSR,a
; setup the ACSR register to select fSYS/8 as the A/D clock
Start_conversion:
clr ADCR.7
set ADCR.7
clr ADCR.7
Polling_EOC:
sz ADCR.6
jmp polling_EOC
mov a,ADRH
mov adrh_buffer,a
mov a,ADRL
mov adrl_buffer,a
:
:
jmp start_conversion
; reset A/D
; start A/D
; poll the ADCR register EOCB bit to detect end of A/D conversion
; continue polling
; read conversion result from the high byte ADRH register
; save result to user defined register
; read conversion result from the low byte ADRL register
; save result to user defined register
; start next A/D conversion
Example: using Interrupt method to detect end of conversion
set INTC0.0
; interrupt global enable
set INTC0.7
; enable A/D interrupt in interrupt control register
mov a,00100000B
mov ADCR,a
; setup ADCR register to configure Port PB0~PB3 as A/D inputs and select
; AN0 to be connected to the A/D converter
mov a,00000001B
mov ACSR,a
; setup the ACSR register to select fSYS/8 as the A/D clock
start_conversion:
clr ADCR.7
set ADCR.7
clr ADCR.7
:
:
; interrupt service routine
EOC_service routine:
mov a_buffer,a
mov a,ADRH
mov adrh_buffer,a
mov a,ADRL
mov adrl_buffer,a
clr ADCR.7
set ADCR.7
clr ADCR.7
mov a,a_buffer
reti
Rev. 1.40
; reset A/D
; start A/D
; save ACC to user defined register
; read conversion result from the high byte ADRH register
; save result to user defined register
; read conversion result from the low byte ADRL register
; save result to user defined register
; reset A/D
; start A/D
; restore ACC from temporary storage
23
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
M in im u m
o n e in s tr u c tio n c y c le n e e d e d
S T A R T
E O C B
A /D s a m p lin g tim e
3 2 tA D
P C R 2 ~ P C R 0
0 0 0 B
A /D s a m p lin g tim e
3 2 tA D
1 0 0 B
1 0 0 B
0 0 0 B
1 . P B p o rt s e tu p a s I/O s
2 . A /D c o n v e r te r is p o w e r e d o ff
to r e d u c e p o w e r c o n s u m p tio n
A C S 2 ~ A C S 0
0 0 0 B
P o w e r-o n
R e s e t
0 1 0 B
0 0 0 B
S ta rt o f A /D
c o n v e r s io n
S ta rt o f A /D
c o n v e r s io n
R e s e t A /D
c o n v e rte r
R e s e t A /D
c o n v e rte r
E n d o f A /D
c o n v e r s io n
1 : D e fin e P B c o n fig u r a tio n
2 : S e le c t a n a lo g c h a n n e l
7 6 tA D
A /D c o n v e r s io n tim e
N o te :
A /D c lo c k m u s t b e fS
Y S
/2 , fS
Y S
/8 o r fS
Y S
d o n 't c a r e
E n d o f A /D
c o n v e r s io n
7 6 tA D
A /D c o n v e r s io n tim e
/3 2
A/D Conversion Timing
LCD Display Memory
LCD Driver Output
The device provides an area of embedded data memory
for LCD display. This area is located from 40H to 60H of
the RAM at Bank 1. Bank pointer (BP; located at 04H of
the RAM) is the switch between the RAM and the LCD
display memory. When the BP is set as ²1², any data
written into 40H~60H will effect the LCD display. When
the BP is cleared to ²0² or ²1², any data written into
40H~60H means to access the general purpose data
memory. The LCD display memory can be read and written to only by indirect addressing mode using MP1.
When data is written into the display data area, it is automatically read by the LCD driver which then generates
the corresponding LCD driving signals. To turn the display on or off, a ²1² or a ²0² is written to the corresponding bit of the display memory, respectively. The figure
illustrates the mapping between the display memory
and LCD pattern for the device.
The output number of the device LCD driver can be 33´2
or 33´3 or 32´4 by option (i.e., 1/2 duty, 1/3 duty or 1/4
duty). The bias type LCD driver can be ²R² type or ²C²
type. If the ²R² bias type is selected, no external capacitor is required. If the ²C² bias type is selected, a capacitor mounted between C1 and C2 pins is needed. The
LCD driver bias voltage can be 1/2 bias or 1/3 bias by
option. If 1/2 bias is selected, a capacitor mounted between V2 pin and ground is required. If 1/3 bias is selected, two capacitors are needed for V1 and V2 pins.
Refer to application diagram.
C O M
4 0 H
4 1 H
4 2 H
4 3 H
5 E H
5 F H
6 0 H
0
Option
Condition Low Bias Current High Bias Current
(Typ.)
(Typ.)
B it
1/3 Bias
(VLCD/4.5)´15mA
(VLCD/4.5)´45mA
1/2 Bias
(VLCD/3)´15mA
(VLCD/3)´45mA
0
1
1
2
2
3
3
S E G M E N T
0
1
2
3
3 0
3 1
3 2
Display Memory
Rev. 1.40
24
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
D u r in g a R e s e t P u ls e
C O M 0 ,C O M 1 ,C O M 2
A ll L C D
d r iv e r o u tp u ts
N o r m a l O p e r a tio n M o d e
*
*
C O M 0
C O M 1
C O M 2 *
L C D s e g m e n ts O N
C O M 0 ,1 , 2 s id e s a r e u n lig h te d
O n ly L C D s e g m e n ts O N
C O M 0 s id e a r e lig h te d
O n ly L C D s e g m e n ts O N
C O M 1 s id e a r e lig h te d
O n ly L C D s e g m e n ts O N
C O M 2 s id e a r e lig h te d
L C D s e g m e n ts O N
C O M 0 ,1 s id e s a r e lig h te d
L C D s e g m e n ts O N
C O M 0 , 2 s id e s a r e lig h te d
L C D s e g m e n ts O N
C O M 1 , 2 s id e s a r e lig h te d
L C D s e g m e n ts O N
C O M 0 ,1 , 2 s id e s a r e lig h te d
H A L T M o d e
*
V L
1 /2
V S
V L
1 /2
V S
C D
V L
1 /2
V S
V L
1 /2
V S
V L
1 /2
V S
V L
1 /2
V S
V L
1 /2
V S
V L
1 /2
V S
V L
1 /2
V S
V L
1 /2
V S
V L
1 /2
V S
V L
1 /2
V S
V L
1 /2
V S
C D
V L
1 /2
V S
V L
1 /2
V S
C O M 0 , C O M 1 , C O M 2
A ll lc d d r iv e r o u tp u ts
V L C D
S
C D
V L C D
S
V L C D
S
C D
V L C D
S
C D
V L C D
S
C D
V L
S
C D
V L
S
C D
V L
S
C D
V L
S
C D
V L
S
C D
V L
S
C D
V L
S
C D
V L
S
C D
C D
C D
C D
C D
C D
C D
C D
C D
V L C D
S
C D
S
V L C D
N o te : " * " O m it th e C O M 2 s ig n a l, if th e 1 /2 d u ty L C D is u s e d .
LCD Driver Output (1/3 Duty, 1/2 Bias, R/C Type)
LCD Segments as Logical Output
Low Voltage Reset/Detector Functions
The SEG0~SEG23 also can be optioned as logical output, once an LCD segment is optioned as a logical output, the content of bit0 of the related segment address in
LCD RAM will appear on the segment.
There is a low voltage detector (LVD) and a low voltage
reset circuit (LVR) implemented in the microcontroller.
These two functions can be enabled/disabled by options. Once the LVD options is enabled, the user can
use the RTCC.3 to enable/disable (1/0) the LVD circuit
and read the LVD detector status (0/1) from RTCC.5;
otherwise, the LVD function is disabled.
SEG0~SEG7 is together byte optioned as logical output, SEG8~SEG15 are bit individually optioned as logical outputs.
LCD Type
R Type
LCD Bias 1/2
Type
bias
VMAX
Rev. 1.40
1/3
bias
The LVR has the same effect or function with the external RES signal which performs chip reset. During HALT
state, LVR is disabled both LVR and LVD are disabled.
C Type
1/2
bias
1/3 bias
The microcontroller provides low voltage reset circuit in
order to monitor the supply voltage of the device. If the
supply voltage of the device is within the range
0.9V~VLVR, such as changing a battery, the LVR will automatically reset the device internally.
3
If V DD >V LCD , then If VDD > VLCD, then
2
VMAX connect to VDD,
V
connect to VDD,
else VMAX connect to MAX
else VMAX connect to
VLCD
V1
25
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
V A
V B
V C
C O M 0
V S S
V A
V B
V C
C O M 1
V S S
V A
V B
V C
C O M 2
V S S
V A
V B
C O M 3
V C
V S S
V A
V B
V C
L C D s e g m e n ts O N
C O M 2 s id e lig h te d
V S S
N o te : 1 /4 d u ty , 1 /3 b ia s , C
ty p e : " V A " 3 /2 V L C D , " V B " V L C D , " V C " 1 /2 V L C D
1 /4 d u ty , 1 /3 b ia s , R
ty p e : "V A " V L C D , "V B " 2 /3 V L C D , "V C " 1 /3 V L C D
LCD Driver Output
The relationship between VDD and VLVR is shown below.
The LVR includes the following specifications:
· The low voltage (0.9V~VLVR) has to remain in their
V D D
5 .5 V
original state to exceed 1ms. If the low voltage state
does not exceed 1ms, the LVR will ignore it and do not
perform a reset function.
V
O P R
5 .5 V
· The LVR uses the ²OR² function with the external RES
V
signal to perform chip reset.
L V R
3 .0 V
2 .2 V
0 .9 V
Note: VOPR is the voltage range for proper chip
operation at 4MHz system clock.
Rev. 1.40
26
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
V
D D
5 .5 V
V
L V R
L V R
D e te c t V o lta g e
0 .9 V
0 V
R e s e t S ig n a l
N o r m a l O p e r a tio n
R e s e t
*1
R e s e t
*2
Low Voltage Reset
Note:
*1: To make sure that the system oscillator has stabilized, the SST provides an extra delay of 1024 system
clock pulses before entering the normal operation.
*2: Since low voltage state has to be maintained in its original state for over 1ms, therefore after 1ms delay,
the device enters the reset mode.
The RTCC register definitions are listed below.
Register
RTCC
(09H)
Bit No.
Label
Read/Write
Reset
Function
0~2
RT0~RT2
R/W
1
8 to 1 multiplexer control inputs to select the real clock
prescaler output
3
LVDC
R/W
0
LVD enable/disable (1/0)
4
QOSC
R/W
0
32768Hz OSC quick start-up oscillating
0/1: quickly/slowly start
5
LVDO
R
0
LVD detection output (1/0)
1: low voltage detected
6~7
¾
¾
¾
Unused bit, read as ²0²
Options
The following shows the options in the device. All these options should be defined in order to ensure proper functioning
system.
Options
OSC type selection.
This option is to decide if an RC or crystal or 32768Hz crystal oscillator is chosen as system clock.
WDT, RTC and time base clock source selection.
There are three types of selections: system clock/4 or RTC OSC or WDT OSC.
WDT enable/disable selection.
WDT can be enabled or disabled by option.
WDT time-out period selection.
There are four types of selection: WDT clock source divided by 212/fS~213/fS, 213/fS~214/fS, 214/fS~215/fS or
215/fS~216/fS.
CLR WDT times selection.
This option defines the method to clear the WDT by instruction. ²One time² means that the ²CLR WDT² can clear the
WDT. ²Two times² means only if both of the ²CLR WDT1² and ²CLR WDT2² have been executed, the WDT can be
cleared.
Rev. 1.40
27
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
Options
Time Base time-out period selection.
The Time Base time-out period ranges from 212/fS to 215/fS ²fS² means the clock source selected by options.
Buzzer output frequency selection.
There are eight types of frequency signals for buzzer output: fS/22~fS/29. ²fS² means the clock source selected by options.
Wake-up selection.
This option defines the wake-up capability. External I/O pins (PA only) all have the capability to wake-up the chip
from a HALT by a falling edge (bit option).
Pull-high selection.
This option is to decide whether the pull-high resistance is visible or not in the input mode of the I/O ports. PA, PB and
PD can be independently selected (bit option).
I/O pins share with other function selections.
PA0/BZ, PA1/BZ: PA0 and PA1 can be set as I/O pins or buzzer outputs.
LCD common selection.
There are three types of selections: 2 common (1/2 duty) or 3 common (1/3 duty) or 4 common (1/4 duty). If the 4
common is selected, the segment output pin ²SEG40² will be set as a common output.
LCD bias power supply selection.
There are two types of selections: 1/2 bias or 1/3 bias
LCD bias type selection.
This option is to determine what kind of bias is selected, R type or C type.
LCD driver clock frequency selection.
There are seven types of frequency signals for the LCD driver circuits: fS/22~fS/28. ²fS² stands for the clock source selection by options.
LCD ON/OFF at HALT selection
LCD Segments as logical output selection, (byte, bit, bit, bit, bit, bit, bit, bit, bit option)
[SEG0~SEG7], SEG8, SEG9, SEG10, SEG11, SEG12, SEG13, SEG14 or SEG15
LVR selection.
LVR has enable or disable options
LVD selection.
LVD has enable or disable options
PFD selection.
If PA3 is set as PFD output, there are two types of selections; One is PFD0 as the PFD output, the other is PFD1 as
the PFD output. PFD0, PFD1 are the timer overflow signals of the Timer/Event Counter 0, Timer/Event Counter 1 respectively.
PWM selection: (7+1) or (6+2) mode
PD0: level output or PWM0 output
PD1: level output or PWM1 output
PD2: level output or PWM2 output
PD3: level output or PWM3 output
INT0 or INT1 trigger edge selection: disable; high to low; low to high; low to high or high to low
LCD bias current selection: low/high driving current (for R type only).
Rev. 1.40
28
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
Application Circuits
V
D D
0 .0 1 m F *
C O M 0 ~ C O M 2
C O M 3 /S E G 3 2
S E G 0 ~ S E G 3 1
V D D
1 0 0 k W
0 .1 m F
R E S
L C D
P A N E L
V L C D
1 0 k W
L C D
P o w e r S u p p ly
V M A X
0 .1 m F *
V S S
C 1
0 .1 m F
V
C 2
O S C
C ir c u it
O S C 1
D D
4 7 0 p F
V 1
O S C 2
0 .1 m F
R
O S C
S e e r ig h t s id e
V 2
3 2 7 6 8 H z
O S C 1
fS
C 1
0 .1 m F
Y S
/4
O S C 2
O S C 1
O S C 3
1 0 p F
O S C 4
P
P
P D 4 /IN T 0
P
~
P
P D 5 /IN T 1
P D 6 /T M R 0
P A 0 /B
P A 1 /B
P A
A 3 /P F
A 4 ~ P A
B 0 /A N
B 7 /A N
C 2
Z
Z
R 1
2
C ry s ta l S y s te m
F o r th e v a lu e s ,
s e e ta b le b e lo w
O s c illa to r
O S C 2
D
7
O S C 1
0
7
P D 0 /P W M 0
P D 3 /P W M 3
O S C 2
~
P D 7 /T M R 1
R C S y s te m O s c illa to r
3 0 k W < R O S C < 7 5 0 k W
H T 4 6 R 6 4 /H T 4 6 C 6 4
O S C
3 2
O s
O S
u n
7 6 8 H z C ry s ta l S y s te m
c illa to r
C 1 a n d O S C 2 le ft
c o n n e c te d
C ir c u it
The following table shows the C1, C2 and R1 values corresponding to the different crystal values. (For reference only)
C1, C2
R1
4MHz Crystal
Crystal or Resonator
0pF
10kW
4MHz Resonator
10pF
12kW
3.58MHz Crystal
0pF
10kW
3.58MHz Resonator
25pF
10kW
2MHz Crystal & Resonator
25pF
10kW
1MHz Crystal
35pF
27kW
480kHz Resonator
300pF
9.1kW
455kHz Resonator
300pF
10kW
429kHz Resonator
300pF
10kW
The function of the resistor R1 is to ensure that the oscillator will switch off should low voltage conditions occur. Such a low voltage, as mentioned here, is one which is less than the lowest value of the
MCU operating voltage. Note however that if the LVR is enabled then R1 can be removed.
Note:
The resistance and capacitance for reset circuit should be designed in such a way as to ensure that the VDD is
stable and remains within a valid operating voltage range before bringing RES to high.
²*² Make the length of the wiring, which is connected to the RES pin as short as possible, to avoid noise
interference.
²VMAX² connect to VDD or VLCD or V1 refer to the table.
LCD Type
LCD bias type
VMAX
Rev. 1.40
R Type
1/2 bias
1/3 bias
C Type
1/2 bias
If VDD>VLCD, then VMAX connect to VDD,
else VMAX connect to VLCD
29
1/3 bias
If VDD > 3/2VLCD, then VMAX connect to VDD,
else VMAX connect to V1
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
Instruction Set Summary
Description
Instruction
Cycle
Flag
Affected
Add data memory to ACC
Add ACC to data memory
Add immediate data to ACC
Add data memory to ACC with carry
Add ACC to data memory with carry
Subtract immediate data from ACC
Subtract data memory from ACC
Subtract data memory from ACC with result in data memory
Subtract data memory from ACC with carry
Subtract data memory from ACC with carry and result in data memory
Decimal adjust ACC for addition with result in data memory
1
1(1)
1
1
1(1)
1
1
1(1)
1
1(1)
1(1)
Z,C,AC,OV
Z,C,AC,OV
Z,C,AC,OV
Z,C,AC,OV
Z,C,AC,OV
Z,C,AC,OV
Z,C,AC,OV
Z,C,AC,OV
Z,C,AC,OV
Z,C,AC,OV
C
1
1
1
1(1)
1(1)
1(1)
1
1
1
1(1)
1
Z
Z
Z
Z
Z
Z
Z
Z
Z
Z
Z
Increment data memory with result in ACC
Increment data memory
Decrement data memory with result in ACC
Decrement data memory
1
1(1)
1
1(1)
Z
Z
Z
Z
Rotate data memory right with result in ACC
Rotate data memory right
Rotate data memory right through carry with result in ACC
Rotate data memory right through carry
Rotate data memory left with result in ACC
Rotate data memory left
Rotate data memory left through carry with result in ACC
Rotate data memory left through carry
1
1(1)
1
1(1)
1
1(1)
1
1(1)
None
None
C
C
None
None
C
C
Move data memory to ACC
Move ACC to data memory
Move immediate data to ACC
1
1(1)
1
None
None
None
Clear bit of data memory
Set bit of data memory
1(1)
1(1)
None
None
Mnemonic
Arithmetic
ADD A,[m]
ADDM A,[m]
ADD A,x
ADC A,[m]
ADCM A,[m]
SUB A,x
SUB A,[m]
SUBM A,[m]
SBC A,[m]
SBCM A,[m]
DAA [m]
Logic Operation
AND A,[m]
OR A,[m]
XOR A,[m]
ANDM A,[m]
ORM A,[m]
XORM A,[m]
AND A,x
OR A,x
XOR A,x
CPL [m]
CPLA [m]
AND data memory to ACC
OR data memory to ACC
Exclusive-OR data memory to ACC
AND ACC to data memory
OR ACC to data memory
Exclusive-OR ACC to data memory
AND immediate data to ACC
OR immediate data to ACC
Exclusive-OR immediate data to ACC
Complement data memory
Complement data memory with result in ACC
Increment & Decrement
INCA [m]
INC [m]
DECA [m]
DEC [m]
Rotate
RRA [m]
RR [m]
RRCA [m]
RRC [m]
RLA [m]
RL [m]
RLCA [m]
RLC [m]
Data Move
MOV A,[m]
MOV [m],A
MOV A,x
Bit Operation
CLR [m].i
SET [m].i
Rev. 1.40
30
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
Instruction
Cycle
Flag
Affected
Jump unconditionally
Skip if data memory is zero
Skip if data memory is zero with data movement to ACC
Skip if bit i of data memory is zero
Skip if bit i of data memory is not zero
Skip if increment data memory is zero
Skip if decrement data memory is zero
Skip if increment data memory is zero with result in ACC
Skip if decrement data memory is zero with result in ACC
Subroutine call
Return from subroutine
Return from subroutine and load immediate data to ACC
Return from interrupt
2
1(2)
1(2)
1(2)
1(2)
1(3)
1(3)
1(2)
1(2)
2
2
2
2
None
None
None
None
None
None
None
None
None
None
None
None
None
Read ROM code (current page) to data memory and TBLH
Read ROM code (last page) to data memory and TBLH
2(1)
2(1)
None
None
No operation
Clear data memory
Set data memory
Clear Watchdog Timer
Pre-clear Watchdog Timer
Pre-clear Watchdog Timer
Swap nibbles of data memory
Swap nibbles of data memory with result in ACC
Enter power down mode
1
1(1)
1(1)
1
1
1
1(1)
1
1
None
None
None
TO,PDF
TO(4),PDF(4)
TO(4),PDF(4)
None
None
TO,PDF
Mnemonic
Description
Branch
JMP addr
SZ [m]
SZA [m]
SZ [m].i
SNZ [m].i
SIZ [m]
SDZ [m]
SIZA [m]
SDZA [m]
CALL addr
RET
RET A,x
RETI
Table Read
TABRDC [m]
TABRDL [m]
Miscellaneous
NOP
CLR [m]
SET [m]
CLR WDT
CLR WDT1
CLR WDT2
SWAP [m]
SWAPA [m]
HALT
Note:
x: Immediate data
m: Data memory address
A: Accumulator
i: 0~7 number of bits
addr: Program memory address
Ö: Flag is affected
-: Flag is not affected
(1)
: If a loading to the PCL register occurs, the execution cycle of instructions will be delayed for one more cycle
(four system clocks).
(2)
: If a skipping to the next instruction occurs, the execution cycle of instructions will be delayed for one more
cycle (four system clocks). Otherwise the original instruction cycle is unchanged.
(3) (1)
:
(4)
Rev. 1.40
and (2)
: The flags may be affected by the execution status. If the Watchdog Timer is cleared by executing the
CLR WDT1 or CLR WDT2 instruction, the TO and PDF are cleared.
Otherwise the TO and PDF flags remain unchanged.
31
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
Instruction Definition
ADC A,[m]
Add data memory and carry to the accumulator
Description
The contents of the specified data memory, accumulator and the carry flag are added simultaneously, leaving the result in the accumulator.
Operation
ACC ¬ ACC+[m]+C
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
Ö
Ö
Ö
Ö
ADCM A,[m]
Add the accumulator and carry to data memory
Description
The contents of the specified data memory, accumulator and the carry flag are added simultaneously, leaving the result in the specified data memory.
Operation
[m] ¬ ACC+[m]+C
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
Ö
Ö
Ö
Ö
ADD A,[m]
Add data memory to the accumulator
Description
The contents of the specified data memory and the accumulator are added. The result is
stored in the accumulator.
Operation
ACC ¬ ACC+[m]
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
Ö
Ö
Ö
Ö
ADD A,x
Add immediate data to the accumulator
Description
The contents of the accumulator and the specified data are added, leaving the result in the
accumulator.
Operation
ACC ¬ ACC+x
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
Ö
Ö
Ö
Ö
ADDM A,[m]
Add the accumulator to the data memory
Description
The contents of the specified data memory and the accumulator are added. The result is
stored in the data memory.
Operation
[m] ¬ ACC+[m]
Affected flag(s)
Rev. 1.40
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
Ö
Ö
Ö
Ö
32
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
AND A,[m]
Logical AND accumulator with data memory
Description
Data in the accumulator and the specified data memory perform a bitwise logical_AND operation. The result is stored in the accumulator.
Operation
ACC ¬ ACC ²AND² [m]
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
Ö
¾
¾
AND A,x
Logical AND immediate data to the accumulator
Description
Data in the accumulator and the specified data perform a bitwise logical_AND operation.
The result is stored in the accumulator.
Operation
ACC ¬ ACC ²AND² x
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
Ö
¾
¾
ANDM A,[m]
Logical AND data memory with the accumulator
Description
Data in the specified data memory and the accumulator perform a bitwise logical_AND operation. The result is stored in the data memory.
Operation
[m] ¬ ACC ²AND² [m]
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
Ö
¾
¾
CALL addr
Subroutine call
Description
The instruction unconditionally calls a subroutine located at the indicated address. The
program counter increments once to obtain the address of the next instruction, and pushes
this onto the stack. The indicated address is then loaded. Program execution continues
with the instruction at this address.
Operation
Stack ¬ PC+1
PC ¬ addr
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
CLR [m]
Clear data memory
Description
The contents of the specified data memory are cleared to 0.
Operation
[m] ¬ 00H
Affected flag(s)
Rev. 1.40
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
33
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
CLR [m].i
Clear bit of data memory
Description
The bit i of the specified data memory is cleared to 0.
Operation
[m].i ¬ 0
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
CLR WDT
Clear Watchdog Timer
Description
The WDT is cleared (clears the WDT). The power down bit (PDF) and time-out bit (TO) are
cleared.
Operation
WDT ¬ 00H
PDF and TO ¬ 0
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
0
0
¾
¾
¾
¾
CLR WDT1
Preclear Watchdog Timer
Description
Together with CLR WDT2, clears the WDT. PDF and TO are also cleared. Only execution
of this instruction without the other preclear instruction just sets the indicated flag which implies this instruction has been executed and the TO and PDF flags remain unchanged.
Operation
WDT ¬ 00H*
PDF and TO ¬ 0*
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
0*
0*
¾
¾
¾
¾
CLR WDT2
Preclear Watchdog Timer
Description
Together with CLR WDT1, clears the WDT. PDF and TO are also cleared. Only execution
of this instruction without the other preclear instruction, sets the indicated flag which implies this instruction has been executed and the TO and PDF flags remain unchanged.
Operation
WDT ¬ 00H*
PDF and TO ¬ 0*
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
0*
0*
¾
¾
¾
¾
CPL [m]
Complement data memory
Description
Each bit of the specified data memory is logically complemented (1¢s complement). Bits
which previously contained a 1 are changed to 0 and vice-versa.
Operation
[m] ¬ [m]
Affected flag(s)
Rev. 1.40
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
Ö
¾
¾
34
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
CPLA [m]
Complement data memory and place result in the accumulator
Description
Each bit of the specified data memory is logically complemented (1¢s complement). Bits
which previously contained a 1 are changed to 0 and vice-versa. The complemented result
is stored in the accumulator and the contents of the data memory remain unchanged.
Operation
ACC ¬ [m]
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
Ö
¾
¾
DAA [m]
Decimal-Adjust accumulator for addition
Description
The accumulator value is adjusted to the BCD (Binary Coded Decimal) code. The accumulator is divided into two nibbles. Each nibble is adjusted to the BCD code and an internal
carry (AC1) will be done if the low nibble of the accumulator is greater than 9. The BCD adjustment is done by adding 6 to the original value if the original value is greater than 9 or a
carry (AC or C) is set; otherwise the original value remains unchanged. The result is stored
in the data memory and only the carry flag (C) may be affected.
Operation
If ACC.3~ACC.0 >9 or AC=1
then [m].3~[m].0 ¬ (ACC.3~ACC.0)+6, AC1=AC
else [m].3~[m].0 ¬ (ACC.3~ACC.0), AC1=0
and
If ACC.7~ACC.4+AC1 >9 or C=1
then [m].7~[m].4 ¬ ACC.7~ACC.4+6+AC1,C=1
else [m].7~[m].4 ¬ ACC.7~ACC.4+AC1,C=C
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
Ö
DEC [m]
Decrement data memory
Description
Data in the specified data memory is decremented by 1.
Operation
[m] ¬ [m]-1
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
Ö
¾
¾
DECA [m]
Decrement data memory and place result in the accumulator
Description
Data in the specified data memory is decremented by 1, leaving the result in the accumulator. The contents of the data memory remain unchanged.
Operation
ACC ¬ [m]-1
Affected flag(s)
Rev. 1.40
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
Ö
¾
¾
35
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
HALT
Enter power down mode
Description
This instruction stops program execution and turns off the system clock. The contents of
the RAM and registers are retained. The WDT and prescaler are cleared. The power down
bit (PDF) is set and the WDT time-out bit (TO) is cleared.
Operation
PC ¬ PC+1
PDF ¬ 1
TO ¬ 0
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
0
1
¾
¾
¾
¾
INC [m]
Increment data memory
Description
Data in the specified data memory is incremented by 1
Operation
[m] ¬ [m]+1
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
Ö
¾
¾
INCA [m]
Increment data memory and place result in the accumulator
Description
Data in the specified data memory is incremented by 1, leaving the result in the accumulator. The contents of the data memory remain unchanged.
Operation
ACC ¬ [m]+1
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
Ö
¾
¾
JMP addr
Directly jump
Description
The program counter are replaced with the directly-specified address unconditionally, and
control is passed to this destination.
Operation
PC ¬addr
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
MOV A,[m]
Move data memory to the accumulator
Description
The contents of the specified data memory are copied to the accumulator.
Operation
ACC ¬ [m]
Affected flag(s)
Rev. 1.40
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
36
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
MOV A,x
Move immediate data to the accumulator
Description
The 8-bit data specified by the code is loaded into the accumulator.
Operation
ACC ¬ x
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
MOV [m],A
Move the accumulator to data memory
Description
The contents of the accumulator are copied to the specified data memory (one of the data
memories).
Operation
[m] ¬ACC
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
NOP
No operation
Description
No operation is performed. Execution continues with the next instruction.
Operation
PC ¬ PC+1
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
OR A,[m]
Logical OR accumulator with data memory
Description
Data in the accumulator and the specified data memory (one of the data memories) perform a bitwise logical_OR operation. The result is stored in the accumulator.
Operation
ACC ¬ ACC ²OR² [m]
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
Ö
¾
¾
OR A,x
Logical OR immediate data to the accumulator
Description
Data in the accumulator and the specified data perform a bitwise logical_OR operation.
The result is stored in the accumulator.
Operation
ACC ¬ ACC ²OR² x
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
Ö
¾
¾
ORM A,[m]
Logical OR data memory with the accumulator
Description
Data in the data memory (one of the data memories) and the accumulator perform a
bitwise logical_OR operation. The result is stored in the data memory.
Operation
[m] ¬ACC ²OR² [m]
Affected flag(s)
Rev. 1.40
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
Ö
¾
¾
37
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
RET
Return from subroutine
Description
The program counter is restored from the stack. This is a 2-cycle instruction.
Operation
PC ¬ Stack
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
RET A,x
Return and place immediate data in the accumulator
Description
The program counter is restored from the stack and the accumulator loaded with the specified 8-bit immediate data.
Operation
PC ¬ Stack
ACC ¬ x
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
RETI
Return from interrupt
Description
The program counter is restored from the stack, and interrupts are enabled by setting the
EMI bit. EMI is the enable master (global) interrupt bit.
Operation
PC ¬ Stack
EMI ¬ 1
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
RL [m]
Rotate data memory left
Description
The contents of the specified data memory are rotated 1 bit left with bit 7 rotated into bit 0.
Operation
[m].(i+1) ¬ [m].i; [m].i:bit i of the data memory (i=0~6)
[m].0 ¬ [m].7
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
RLA [m]
Rotate data memory left and place result in the accumulator
Description
Data in the specified data memory is rotated 1 bit left with bit 7 rotated into bit 0, leaving the
rotated result in the accumulator. The contents of the data memory remain unchanged.
Operation
ACC.(i+1) ¬ [m].i; [m].i:bit i of the data memory (i=0~6)
ACC.0 ¬ [m].7
Affected flag(s)
Rev. 1.40
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
38
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
RLC [m]
Rotate data memory left through carry
Description
The contents of the specified data memory and the carry flag are rotated 1 bit left. Bit 7 replaces the carry bit; the original carry flag is rotated into the bit 0 position.
Operation
[m].(i+1) ¬ [m].i; [m].i:bit i of the data memory (i=0~6)
[m].0 ¬ C
C ¬ [m].7
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
Ö
RLCA [m]
Rotate left through carry and place result in the accumulator
Description
Data in the specified data memory and the carry flag are rotated 1 bit left. Bit 7 replaces the
carry bit and the original carry flag is rotated into bit 0 position. The rotated result is stored
in the accumulator but the contents of the data memory remain unchanged.
Operation
ACC.(i+1) ¬ [m].i; [m].i:bit i of the data memory (i=0~6)
ACC.0 ¬ C
C ¬ [m].7
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
Ö
RR [m]
Rotate data memory right
Description
The contents of the specified data memory are rotated 1 bit right with bit 0 rotated to bit 7.
Operation
[m].i ¬ [m].(i+1); [m].i:bit i of the data memory (i=0~6)
[m].7 ¬ [m].0
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
RRA [m]
Rotate right and place result in the accumulator
Description
Data in the specified data memory is rotated 1 bit right with bit 0 rotated into bit 7, leaving
the rotated result in the accumulator. The contents of the data memory remain unchanged.
Operation
ACC.(i) ¬ [m].(i+1); [m].i:bit i of the data memory (i=0~6)
ACC.7 ¬ [m].0
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
RRC [m]
Rotate data memory right through carry
Description
The contents of the specified data memory and the carry flag are together rotated 1 bit
right. Bit 0 replaces the carry bit; the original carry flag is rotated into the bit 7 position.
Operation
[m].i ¬ [m].(i+1); [m].i:bit i of the data memory (i=0~6)
[m].7 ¬ C
C ¬ [m].0
Affected flag(s)
Rev. 1.40
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
Ö
39
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
RRCA [m]
Rotate right through carry and place result in the accumulator
Description
Data of the specified data memory and the carry flag are rotated 1 bit right. Bit 0 replaces
the carry bit and the original carry flag is rotated into the bit 7 position. The rotated result is
stored in the accumulator. The contents of the data memory remain unchanged.
Operation
ACC.i ¬ [m].(i+1); [m].i:bit i of the data memory (i=0~6)
ACC.7 ¬ C
C ¬ [m].0
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
Ö
SBC A,[m]
Subtract data memory and carry from the accumulator
Description
The contents of the specified data memory and the complement of the carry flag are subtracted from the accumulator, leaving the result in the accumulator.
Operation
ACC ¬ ACC+[m]+C
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
Ö
Ö
Ö
Ö
SBCM A,[m]
Subtract data memory and carry from the accumulator
Description
The contents of the specified data memory and the complement of the carry flag are subtracted from the accumulator, leaving the result in the data memory.
Operation
[m] ¬ ACC+[m]+C
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
Ö
Ö
Ö
Ö
SDZ [m]
Skip if decrement data memory is 0
Description
The contents of the specified data memory are decremented by 1. If the result is 0, the next
instruction is skipped. If the result is 0, the following instruction, fetched during the current
instruction execution, is discarded and a dummy cycle is replaced to get the proper instruction (2 cycles). Otherwise proceed with the next instruction (1 cycle).
Operation
Skip if ([m]-1)=0, [m] ¬ ([m]-1)
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
SDZA [m]
Decrement data memory and place result in ACC, skip if 0
Description
The contents of the specified data memory are decremented by 1. If the result is 0, the next
instruction is skipped. The result is stored in the accumulator but the data memory remains
unchanged. If the result is 0, the following instruction, fetched during the current instruction
execution, is discarded and a dummy cycle is replaced to get the proper instruction (2 cycles). Otherwise proceed with the next instruction (1 cycle).
Operation
Skip if ([m]-1)=0, ACC ¬ ([m]-1)
Affected flag(s)
Rev. 1.40
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
40
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
SET [m]
Set data memory
Description
Each bit of the specified data memory is set to 1.
Operation
[m] ¬ FFH
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
SET [m]. i
Set bit of data memory
Description
Bit i of the specified data memory is set to 1.
Operation
[m].i ¬ 1
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
SIZ [m]
Skip if increment data memory is 0
Description
The contents of the specified data memory are incremented by 1. If the result is 0, the following instruction, fetched during the current instruction execution, is discarded and a
dummy cycle is replaced to get the proper instruction (2 cycles). Otherwise proceed with
the next instruction (1 cycle).
Operation
Skip if ([m]+1)=0, [m] ¬ ([m]+1)
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
SIZA [m]
Increment data memory and place result in ACC, skip if 0
Description
The contents of the specified data memory are incremented by 1. If the result is 0, the next
instruction is skipped and the result is stored in the accumulator. The data memory remains unchanged. If the result is 0, the following instruction, fetched during the current instruction execution, is discarded and a dummy cycle is replaced to get the proper
instruction (2 cycles). Otherwise proceed with the next instruction (1 cycle).
Operation
Skip if ([m]+1)=0, ACC ¬ ([m]+1)
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
SNZ [m].i
Skip if bit i of the data memory is not 0
Description
If bit i of the specified data memory is not 0, the next instruction is skipped. If bit i of the data
memory is not 0, the following instruction, fetched during the current instruction execution,
is discarded and a dummy cycle is replaced to get the proper instruction (2 cycles). Otherwise proceed with the next instruction (1 cycle).
Operation
Skip if [m].i¹0
Affected flag(s)
Rev. 1.40
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
41
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
SUB A,[m]
Subtract data memory from the accumulator
Description
The specified data memory is subtracted from the contents of the accumulator, leaving the
result in the accumulator.
Operation
ACC ¬ ACC+[m]+1
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
Ö
Ö
Ö
Ö
SUBM A,[m]
Subtract data memory from the accumulator
Description
The specified data memory is subtracted from the contents of the accumulator, leaving the
result in the data memory.
Operation
[m] ¬ ACC+[m]+1
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
Ö
Ö
Ö
Ö
SUB A,x
Subtract immediate data from the accumulator
Description
The immediate data specified by the code is subtracted from the contents of the accumulator, leaving the result in the accumulator.
Operation
ACC ¬ ACC+x+1
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
Ö
Ö
Ö
Ö
SWAP [m]
Swap nibbles within the data memory
Description
The low-order and high-order nibbles of the specified data memory (1 of the data memories) are interchanged.
Operation
[m].3~[m].0 « [m].7~[m].4
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
SWAPA [m]
Swap data memory and place result in the accumulator
Description
The low-order and high-order nibbles of the specified data memory are interchanged, writing the result to the accumulator. The contents of the data memory remain unchanged.
Operation
ACC.3~ACC.0 ¬ [m].7~[m].4
ACC.7~ACC.4 ¬ [m].3~[m].0
Affected flag(s)
Rev. 1.40
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
42
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
SZ [m]
Skip if data memory is 0
Description
If the contents of the specified data memory are 0, the following instruction, fetched during
the current instruction execution, is discarded and a dummy cycle is replaced to get the
proper instruction (2 cycles). Otherwise proceed with the next instruction (1 cycle).
Operation
Skip if [m]=0
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
SZA [m]
Move data memory to ACC, skip if 0
Description
The contents of the specified data memory are copied to the accumulator. If the contents is
0, the following instruction, fetched during the current instruction execution, is discarded
and a dummy cycle is replaced to get the proper instruction (2 cycles). Otherwise proceed
with the next instruction (1 cycle).
Operation
Skip if [m]=0
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
SZ [m].i
Skip if bit i of the data memory is 0
Description
If bit i of the specified data memory is 0, the following instruction, fetched during the current
instruction execution, is discarded and a dummy cycle is replaced to get the proper instruction (2 cycles). Otherwise proceed with the next instruction (1 cycle).
Operation
Skip if [m].i=0
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
TABRDC [m]
Move the ROM code (current page) to TBLH and data memory
Description
The low byte of ROM code (current page) addressed by the table pointer (TBLP) is moved
to the specified data memory and the high byte transferred to TBLH directly.
Operation
[m] ¬ ROM code (low byte)
TBLH ¬ ROM code (high byte)
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
TABRDL [m]
Move the ROM code (last page) to TBLH and data memory
Description
The low byte of ROM code (last page) addressed by the table pointer (TBLP) is moved to
the data memory and the high byte transferred to TBLH directly.
Operation
[m] ¬ ROM code (low byte)
TBLH ¬ ROM code (high byte)
Affected flag(s)
Rev. 1.40
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
43
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
XOR A,[m]
Logical XOR accumulator with data memory
Description
Data in the accumulator and the indicated data memory perform a bitwise logical Exclusive_OR operation and the result is stored in the accumulator.
Operation
ACC ¬ ACC ²XOR² [m]
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
Ö
¾
¾
XORM A,[m]
Logical XOR data memory with the accumulator
Description
Data in the indicated data memory and the accumulator perform a bitwise logical Exclusive_OR operation. The result is stored in the data memory. The 0 flag is affected.
Operation
[m] ¬ ACC ²XOR² [m]
Affected flag(s)
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
Ö
¾
¾
XOR A,x
Logical XOR immediate data to the accumulator
Description
Data in the accumulator and the specified data perform a bitwise logical Exclusive_OR operation. The result is stored in the accumulator. The 0 flag is affected.
Operation
ACC ¬ ACC ²XOR² x
Affected flag(s)
Rev. 1.40
TO
PDF
OV
Z
AC
C
¾
¾
¾
Ö
¾
¾
44
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
Package Information
56-pin SSOP (300mil) Outline Dimensions
2 9
5 6
B
A
2 8
1
C
C '
G
H
D
Symbol
Rev. 1.40
a
F
E
Dimensions in mil
Min.
Nom.
Max.
A
395
¾
420
B
291
¾
299
C
8
¾
12
C¢
720
¾
730
D
89
¾
99
E
¾
25
¾
F
4
¾
10
G
25
¾
35
H
4
¾
12
a
0°
¾
8°
45
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
100-pin QFP (14´20) Outline Dimensions
C
H
D
8 0
G
5 1
I
5 0
8 1
F
A
B
E
3 1
1 0 0
K
a
J
1
Symbol
Rev. 1.40
3 0
Dimensions in mm
Min.
Nom.
Max.
A
18.50
¾
19.20
B
13.90
¾
14.10
C
24.50
¾
25.20
D
19.90
¾
20.10
E
¾
0.65
¾
F
¾
0.30
¾
G
2.50
¾
3.10
H
¾
¾
3.40
I
¾
0.10
¾
J
1
¾
1.40
K
0.10
¾
0.20
a
0°
¾
7°
46
September 21, 2004
HT46R64/HT46C64
Holtek Semiconductor Inc. (Headquarters)
No.3, Creation Rd. II, Science Park, Hsinchu, Taiwan
Tel: 886-3-563-1999
Fax: 886-3-563-1189
http://www.holtek.com.tw
Holtek Semiconductor Inc. (Taipei Sales Office)
4F-2, No. 3-2, YuanQu St., Nankang Software Park, Taipei 115, Taiwan
Tel: 886-2-2655-7070
Fax: 886-2-2655-7373
Fax: 886-2-2655-7383 (International sales hotline)
Holtek Semiconductor Inc. (Shanghai Sales Office)
7th Floor, Building 2, No.889, Yi Shan Rd., Shanghai, China 200233
Tel: 021-6485-5560
Fax: 021-6485-0313
http://www.holtek.com.cn
Holtek Semiconductor Inc. (Shenzhen Sales Office)
43F, SEG Plaza, Shen Nan Zhong Road, Shenzhen, China 518031
Tel: 0755-8346-5589
Fax: 0755-8346-5590
ISDN: 0755-8346-5591
Holtek Semiconductor Inc. (Beijing Sales Office)
Suite 1721, Jinyu Tower, A129 West Xuan Wu Men Street, Xicheng District, Beijing, China 100031
Tel: 010-6641-0030, 6641-7751, 6641-7752
Fax: 010-6641-0125
Holmate Semiconductor, Inc. (North America Sales Office)
46712 Fremont Blvd., Fremont, CA 94538
Tel: 510-252-9880
Fax: 510-252-9885
http://www.holmate.com
Copyright Ó 2004 by HOLTEK SEMICONDUCTOR INC.
The information appearing in this Data Sheet is believed to be accurate at the time of publication. However, Holtek assumes no responsibility arising from the use of the specifications described. The applications mentioned herein are used
solely for the purpose of illustration and Holtek makes no warranty or representation that such applications will be suitable
without further modification, nor recommends the use of its products for application that may present a risk to human life
due to malfunction or otherwise. Holtek¢s products are not authorized for use as critical components in life support devices
or systems. Holtek reserves the right to alter its products without prior notification. For the most up-to-date information,
please visit our web site at http://www.holtek.com.tw.
Rev. 1.40
47
September 21, 2004