C505C/A/CA Data Sheet

D at a S hee t, De c. 2 00 0
C505
C505C
C505A
C505CA
8-Bit Single-Chip Microcontroller
Microcontrollers
N e v e r
s t o p
t h i n k i n g .
Edition 2000-12
Published by Infineon Technologies AG,
St.-Martin-Strasse 53,
D-81541 München, Germany
© Infineon Technologies AG 2000.
All Rights Reserved.
Attention please!
The information herein is given to describe certain components and shall not be considered as warranted
characteristics.
Terms of delivery and rights to technical change reserved.
We hereby disclaim any and all warranties, including but not limited to warranties of non-infringement, regarding
circuits, descriptions and charts stated herein.
Infineon Technologies is an approved CECC manufacturer.
Information
For further information on technology, delivery terms and conditions and prices please contact your nearest
Infineon Technologies Office in Germany or our Infineon Technologies Representatives worldwide (see address
list).
Warnings
Due to technical requirements components may contain dangerous substances. For information on the types in
question please contact your nearest Infineon Technologies Office.
Infineon Technologies Components may only be used in life-support devices or systems with the express written
approval of Infineon Technologies, if a failure of such components can reasonably be expected to cause the failure
of that life-support device or system, or to affect the safety or effectiveness of that device or system. Life support
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and/or protect human life. If they fail, it is reasonable to assume that the health of the user or other persons may
be endangered.
Da ta She et, De c. 2 00 0
C505
C505C
C505A
C505CA
8-Bit Single-Chip Microcontroller
Microcontrollers
N e v e r
s t o p
t h i n k i n g .
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA Data Sheet
Revision History :
Current Version : 2000-12
Previous Releases :
08.00, 06.00, 07.99, 12.97
Page
Page
(in previous (in current
version
version)
Subjects (major changes since last revision)
24
Version register VR2 for C505A-4R/C505CA-4R BB step is updated.
24
Controller Area Network (CAN): License of Robert Bosch GmbH
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8-Bit Single-Chip Microcontroller
C500 Family
C505/C505C/C505A/
C505CA
Advance Information
• Fully compatible to standard 8051 microcontroller
• Superset of the 8051 architecture with 8 datapointers
• Up to 20 MHz operating frequency
•
•
•
– 375 ns instruction cycle time @16 MHz
– 300 ns instruction cycle time @20 MHz (50 % duty cycle)
On-chip program memory (with optional memory protection)
– C505(C)(A)-2R :
16K byte on-chip ROM
– C505A-4R/C505CA-4R: 32K byte on-chip ROM
– C505A-4E/C505CA-4E: 32K byte on-chip OTP
– alternatively up to 64k byte external program memory
256 byte on-chip RAM
On-chip XRAM
– C505/C505C :
256 byte
– C505A/C505CA : 1K byte
On-Chip Emulation Support Module
(more features on next page)
Oscillator
Watchdog
XRAM
RAM
C505/C505C: 256 byte
C505A/C505CA: 1K byte 256 byte
A/D Converter
Timer
C505/C505C : 8-bit
0
C505A/C505CA : 10-bit
Timer 2
Full-CAN Controller
C505C/C505CA only
Watchdog Timer
Timer
1
C500
Core
8-bit
USART
8 Datapointers
Program Memory
Port 0
I/O
Port 1
8 analog inputs /
8 digit. I/O
Port 2
I/O
Port 3
I/O
C505(C)(A)-2R : 16K ROM
C505A-4R/C505CA-4R : 32K ROM Port 4
C505A-4E/C505CA-4E : 32K OTP
I/O (2-bit I/O port)
Figure 1
C505 Functional Units
Data Sheet
1
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Features (continued) :
• 32 + 2 digital I/O lines
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
– Four 8-bit digital I/O ports
– One 2-bit digital I/O port (port 4)
– Port 1 with mixed analog/digital I/O capability
Three 16-bit timers/counters
– Timer 0 / 1 (C501 compatible)
– Timer 2 with 4 channels for 16-bit capture/compare operation
Full duplex serial interface with programmable baudrate generator (USART)
Full CAN Module, version 2.0 B compliant (C505C and C505CA only)
– 256 register/data bytes located in external data memory area
– 1 MBaud CAN baudrate when operating frequency is equal to or above 8 MHz
– internal CAN clock prescaler when input frequency is over 10 MHz
On-chip A/D Converter
– up to 8 analog inputs
– C505/C505C : 8-bit resolution
– C505A/C505CA: 10-bit resolution
Twelve interrupt sources with four priority levels
On-chip emulation support logic (Enhanced Hooks Technology TM)
Programmable 15-bit watchdog timer
Oscillator watchdog
Fast power on reset
Power Saving Modes
– Slow-down mode
– Idle mode (can be combined with slow-down mode)
– Software power-down mode with wake up capability through P3.2/INT0 or P4.1/RXDC pin
P-MQFP-44 package
Pin configuration is compatible to C501, C504, C511/C513-family
Temperature ranges:
SAB-C505 versions
TA = 0 to 70 °C
SAF-C505 versions
TA = -40 to 85°C
SAH-C505 versions
TA = -40 to 110°C
SAK-C505 versions
TA = -40 to 125°C
Data Sheet
2
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Table 1
Differences in Functionality of the C505 MCUs
Device
Internal Program Memory XRAM Size
A/D Converter
Resolution
CAN
Controller
ROM
OTP
C505-2R
16K byte
–
256 byte
8 Bit
–
C505-L
–
–
256 byte
8 Bit
–
C505C-2R
16K byte
–
256 byte
8 Bit
√
C505C-L
–
–
256 byte
8 Bit
√
C505A-4R
32K byte
–
1K byte
10 Bit
–
C505A-2R
16K byte
–
1K byte
10 Bit
–
C505A-L
–
–
1K byte
10 Bit
–
C505CA-4R
32K byte
–
1K byte
10 Bit
√
C505CA-2R
16K byte
–
1K byte
10 Bit
√
C505CA-L
–
–
1K byte
10 Bit
√
C505A-4E
–
32K byte
1K byte
10 Bit
–
C505CA-4E
–
32K byte
1K byte
10 Bit
√
Note: The term C505 refers to all versions described within this document unless otherwise noted.
However the term C505 may also be restricted by the context to refer to only CAN-less
derivatives with 8-Bit ADC which are C505-2R and C505-L in this document.
Note: The term C505(C)(A)-2R, for simplicity, is used to stand for C505 16K byte ROM versions
within this document which are C505-2R, C505C-2R, C505A-2R and C505CA-2R.
Ordering Information
The ordering code for Infineon Technologies’ microcontrollers provides an exact reference to the
required product. This ordering code identifies:
• the derivative itself, i.e. its function set
• the specificed temperature rage
• the package and the type of delivery
For the available ordering codes for the C505 please refer to the “Product information
Microcontrollers”, which summarizes all available microcontroller variants.
Data Sheet
3
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
VDD
VSS
Port 0
8-bit Digital I/O
VAREF
VAGND
XTAL1
XTAL2
RESET
C505
C505C
C505A
C505CA
Port 1
8-bit Digital I/O /
8-bit Analog Inputs
Port 2
8-bit Digital I/O
Port 3
8-bit Digital I/O
EA
ALE
PSEN
Port 4
2-bit Digital I/O
Figure 2
Logic Symbol
Note: The ordering codes for the Mask-ROM versions are defined for each product after
verification of the respective ROM code.
Data Sheet
4
12.00
P0.4 / AD4
P0.5 / AD5
P0.6 / AD6
P0.7 / AD7
EA
P4.1 / RXDC
ALE
PSEN
P2.7 / A15
P2.6 / A14
P2.5 / A13
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
P0.3 / AD3
P0.2 / AD2
P0.1 / AD1
P0.0 / AD0
V AREF
V AGND
P1.0 / AN0 / INT3 / CC0
P1.1 / AN1 / INT4 / CC1
P1.2 / AN2 / INT5 / CC2
P1.3 / AN3 / INT6 / CC3
P1.4 / AN4
33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23
22
34
35
21
36
20
37
19
C505
C505C
C505A
C505CA
38
39
40
41
18
17
16
15
42
14
43
13
44
2
3
4
5
6 7
8
12
9 10 11
P1.5 / AN5 / T2EX
P1.6 / AN6 / CLKOUT
P1.7 / AN7 / T2
RESET
P3.0 / RxD
P4.0 / TXDC
P3.1 / TxD
P3.2 / INT0
P3.3 / INT1
P3.4 / T0
P3.5 / T1
1
P2.4 / A12
P2.3 / A11
P2.2 / A10
P2.1 / A9
P2.0 / A8
V DD
V SS
XTAL1
XTAL2
P3.7 / RD
P3.6 / WR
This pin functionality is not available in the C505/C505A.
Figure 3
C505 Pin Configuration P-MQFP-44 Package (Top View)
Data Sheet
5
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Table 2
Pin Definitions and Functions
Symbol
P1.0-P1.7
Pin Number
40-44,1-3
40
41
42
43
44
1
2
3
I/O
*)
Function
I/O
Port 1
is an 8-bit quasi-bidirectional port with internal pull-up
arrangement. Port 1 pins can be used for digital input/output
or as analog inputs of the A/D converter. Port 1 pins that
have 1’s written to them are pulled high by internal pull-up
transistors and in that state can be used as inputs. As
inputs, port 1 pins being externally pulled low will source
current (I IL , in the DC characteristics) because of the
internal pullup transistors. Port 1 pins are assigned to be
used as analog inputs via the register P1ANA.
As secondary digital functions, port 1 contains the interrupt,
timer, clock, capture and compare pins. The output latch
corresponding to a secondary function must be
programmed to a one (1) for that function to operate (except
for compare functions). The secondary functions are
assigned to the pins of port 1 as follows:
P1.0 / AN0 / INT3 / CC0 Analog input channel 0
interrupt 3 input /
capture/compare channel 0 I/O
P1.1 / AN1 / INT4 / CC1 Analog input channel 1/
interrupt 4 input /
capture/compare channel 1 I/O
P1.2 / AN2 / INT5 / CC2 Analog input channel 2 /
interrupt 5 input /
capture/compare channel 2 I/O
P1.3 / AN3 / INT6 / CC3 Analog input channel 3
interrupt 6 input /
capture/compare channel 3 I/O
P1.4 / AN4
Analog input channel 4
P1.5 / AN5 / T2EX
Analog input channel 5 / Timer 2
external reload / trigger input
P1.6 / AN6 / CLKOUT
Analog input channel 6 /
system clock output
P1.7 / AN7 / T2
Analog input channel 7 /
counter 2 input
Port 1 is used for the low-order address byte during program
verification of the C505 ROM versions (i.e. C505(C)(A)-2R/
C505A-4R/C505CA-4R).
*) I = Input
O = Output
Data Sheet
6
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Table 2
Pin Definitions and Functions (cont’d)
Symbol
Pin Number
I/O
*)
Function
RESET
4
I
RESET
A high level on this pin for two machine cycle while the
oscillator is running resets the device. An internal diffused
resistor to V SS permits power-on reset using only an
external capacitor to VDD.
P3.0-P3.7
5, 7-13
I/O
Port 3
is an 8-bit quasi-bidirectional port with internal pull-up
arrangement. Port 3 pins that have 1’s written to them are
pulled high by the internal pull-up transistors and in that
state can be used as inputs. As inputs, port 3 pins being
externally pulled low will source current (I IL , in the DC
characteristics) because of the internal pullup transistors.
The output latch corresponding to a secondary function
must be programmed to a one (1) for that function to operate
(except for TxD and WR). The secondary functions are
assigned to the pins of port 3 as follows:
P3.0 / RxD
Receiver data input (asynch.) or data
input/output (synch.) of serial interface
P3.1 / TxD
Transmitter data output (asynch.) or
clock output (synch.) of serial interface
External interrupt 0 input / timer 0 gate
P3.2 / INT0
control input
External interrupt 1 input / timer 1 gate
P3.3 / INT1
control input
P3.4 / T0
Timer 0 counter input
P3.5 / T1
Timer 1 counter input
WR control output; latches the data
P3.6 / WR
byte from port 0 into the external data
memory
RD control output; enables the external
P3.7 / RD
data memory
5
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
*) I = Input
O = Output
Data Sheet
7
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Table 2
Pin Definitions and Functions (cont’d)
Symbol
Pin Number
I/O
*)
Function
P4.0
P4.1
6
28
I/O
I/O
Port 4
is a 2-bit quasi-bidirectional port with internal pull-up
arrangement. Port 4 pins that have 1’s written to them are
pulled high by the internal pull-up transistors and in that
state can be used as inputs. As inputs, port 4 pins being
externally pulled low will source current (I IL , in the DC
characteristics) because of the internal pullup transistors.
The output latch corresponding to the secondary function
RXDC must be programmed to a one (1) for that function to
operate. The secondary functions are assigned to the two
pins of port 4 as follows (C505C and C505CA only) :
P4.0 / TXDC
Transmitter output of CAN controller
P4.1 / RXDC
Receiver input of CAN controller
XTAL2
14
O
XTAL2
Output of the inverting oscillator amplifier.
XTAL1
15
I
XTAL1
Input to the inverting oscillator amplifier and input to the
internal clock generator circuits.
To drive the device from an external clock source, XTAL1
should be driven, while XTAL2 is left unconnected. To
operate above a frequency of 16 MHz, a duty cycle of the
etxernal clock signal of 50 % should be maintained.
Minimum and maximum high and low times as well as rise/
fall times specified in the AC characteristics must be
observed.
*) I = Input
O = Output
Data Sheet
8
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Table 2
Pin Definitions and Functions (cont’d)
Symbol
Pin Number
I/O
*)
Function
P2.0-P2.7
18-25
I/O
Port 2
is a an 8-bit quasi-bidirectional I/O port with internal pullup
resistors. Port 2 pins that have 1’s written to them are pulled
high by the internal pullup resistors, and in that state can be
used as inputs. As inputs, port 2 pins being externally pulled
low will source current (I IL , in the DC characteristics)
because of the internal pullup resistors. Port 2 emits the
high-order address byte during fetches from external
program memory and during accesses to external data
memory that use 16-bit addresses (MOVX @DPTR). In this
application it uses strong internal pullup transistors when
issuing 1s. During accesses to external data memory that
use 8-bit addresses (MOVX @Ri), port 2 issues the
contents of the P2 special function register and uses only
the internal pullup resistors.
PSEN
26
O
The Program Store Enable
output is a control signal that enables the external program
memory to the bus during external fetch operations. It is
activated every three oscillator periods except during
external data memory accesses. Remains high during
internal program execution. This pin should not be driven
during reset operation.
ALE
27
O
The Address Latch Enable
output is used for latching the low-byte of the address into
external memory during normal operation. It is activated
every three oscillator periods except during an external data
memory access. When instructions are executed from
internal ROM or OTP (EA=1) the ALE generation can be
disabled by bit EALE in SFR SYSCON.
ALE should not be driven during reset operation.
*) I = Input
O = Output
Data Sheet
9
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Table 2
Pin Definitions and Functions (cont’d)
Symbol
Pin Number
I/O
*)
Function
EA
29
I
External Access Enable
When held at high level, instructions are fetched from the
internal program memory when the PC is less than 4000H
(C505(C)(A)-2R) or 8000H (C505A-4R/C505CA-4R/C505A4E/C505CA-4E). When held at low level, the C505 fetches
all instructions from external program memory.
For the C505 romless versions (i.e. C505-L, C505C-L,
C505A-L and C505CA-L) this pin must be tied low.
For the ROM protection version EA pin is latched during
reset.
P0.0-P0.7
37-30
I/O
Port 0
is an 8-bit open-drain bidirectional I/O port. Port 0 pins that
have 1’s written to them float, and in that state can be used
as high-impendance inputs. Port 0 is also the multiplexed
low-order address and data bus during accesses to external
program or data memory. In this application it uses strong
internal pullup transistors when issuing 1’s.
Port 0 also outputs the code bytes during program
verification in the C505 ROM versions. External pullup
resistors are required during program verification.
VAREF
38
–
Reference voltage for the A/D converter.
VAGND
39
–
Reference ground for the A/D converter.
VSS
16
–
Ground (0V)
VDD
17
–
Power Supply (+5V)
*) I = Input
O = Output
Data Sheet
10
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
VDD
Vss
Oscillator Watchdog
XRAM
1)
XTAL1
XTAL2
RESET
OSC & Timing
256 Byte
or 1K Byte
RAM
256 Byte
ROM/
OTP
1)
16K or 32K
Byte
CPU
8 datapointers
ALE
PSEN
Programmable
Watchdog Timer
Port 0
Port 0
8-bit digit. I/O
Port 1
Port 1
8-bit digit. I/O /
8-bit analog In
Port 2
Port 2
8-bit digit. I/O
Baudrate generator
Port 3
Port 3
8-bit digit. I/O
256 Byte
Reg./Data
EA
Port 4
Port 4
2-bit digit. I/O
Timer 0
Timer 1
Timer 2
USART
Full-CAN
Controller
Interrupt Unit
VAREF
VAGND
A/D Converter
8-/10-Bit 1)
S&H
Emulation
Support
Logic
MUX
C505C/C505CA only. 1) Please refer to Table 1 for device specific configuration.
Figure 4
Block Diagram of the C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Data Sheet
11
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
CPU
The C505 is efficient both as a controller and as an arithmetic processor. It has extensive facilities
for binary and BCD arithmetic and excels in its bit-handling capabilities. Efficient use of program
memory results from an instruction set consisting of 44 % one-byte, 41 % two-byte, and 15% threebyte instructions. With a 16 MHz crystal, 58% of the instructions are executed in 375 ns (20MHz:
300 ns).
Special Function Register PSW (Address D0H)
Reset Value : 00H
Bit No. MSB
D0H
LSB
D7H
D6H
D5H
D4H
D3H
D2H
D1H
D0H
CY
AC
F0
RS1
RS0
OV
F1
P
Bit
Function
CY
Carry Flag
Used by arithmetic instruction.
AC
Auxiliary Carry Flag
Used by instructions which execute BCD operations.
F0
General Purpose Flag
RS1
RS0
Register Bank Select Control Bits
These bits are used to select one of the four register banks.
PSW
RS1
RS0
Function
0
0
Bank 0 selected, data address 00H-07H
0
1
Bank 1 selected, data address 08H-0FH
1
0
Bank 2 selected, data address 10H-17H
1
1
Bank 3 selected, data address 18H-1FH
OV
Overflow Flag
Used by arithmetic instruction.
F1
General Purpose Flag
P
Parity Flag
Set/cleared by hardware after each instruction to indicate an odd/even
number of "one" bits in the accumulator, i.e. even parity.
Data Sheet
12
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Memory Organization
The C505 CPU manipulates operands in the following four address spaces:
– On-chip program memory :16K byte ROM (C505(C)(A)-2R) or
32K byte ROM (C505A-4R/C505CA-4R) or
32K byte OTP (C505A-4E/C505CA-4E)
– Totally up to 64K byte internal/external program memory
– up to 64 Kbyte of external data memory
– 256 bytes of internal data memory
– Internal XRAM data memory :256 byte (C505/C505C)
1K byte (C505A/C505CA)
– a 128 byte special function register area
Figure 5 illustrates the memory address spaces of the C505 versions.
Alternatively
FFFF H
Internal
XRAM
Ext.
Data
Memory
Unused
Area
Int. CAN
Contr.
Ext.
FFFF H
See table below
for detailed
Data Memory
partitioning
(256 Byte)
F6FF H
4000 H /
8000 H
Int.
(EA = 1)
3FFF H /
7FFF H
Ext.
(EA = 0)
F700 H
Indirect
Addr.
FF H
Internal
RAM
Ext.
Data
Memory
80 H
Direct
Addr.
Special
Function
Regs.
7F H
FF H
80 H
Internal
RAM
0000 H
"Code Space"
0000 H
"Data Space"
CAN Area
Unused Area
F700 H FEFF H
XRAM Area
FF00 H FFFFH
F700 H F7FFH
F800 H FEFF H
FF00 H FFFFH
F700 H FBFF H
FC00H FFFFH
F800 H FBFF H
FC00H FFFFH
C505
C505C
C505A
C505CA
F700 H F7FFH
"Internal Data Space"
MCB03632
"Data Space" F700 H to FFFFH:
Device
00 H
Figure 5
C505 Memory Map Memory Map
Data Sheet
13
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Reset and System Clock
The reset input is an active high input at pin RESET. Since the reset is synchronized internally, the
RESET pin must be held high for at least two machine cycles (12 oscillator periods) while the
oscillator is running. A pulldown resistor is internally connected to VSS to allow a power-up reset with
an external capacitor only. An automatic reset can be obtained when VDD is applied by connecting
the RESET pin to VDD via a capacitor. Figure 6 shows the possible reset circuitries.
a)
VDD
+
b)
C505
C505C
C505A
C505CA
C505
C505C
C505A
C505CA
RESET
&
RESET
c)
VDD
VDD
+
C505
C505C
C505A
C505CA
RESET
Figure 6
Reset Circuitries
Data Sheet
14
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Figure 7 shows the recommended oscillator circuits for crystal and external clock operation.
C
XTAL2
C505
C505C
C505A
C505CA
2-20
MHz
C
XTAL1
C = 20pF ± 10pF for crystal operation
C = 20 pF ± 10pF for crystal operation
N.C.
VDD
XTAL2
C505
C505C
C505A
C505CA
External
Clock
Signal
XTAL1
Figure 7
Recommended Oscillator Circuitries
Data Sheet
15
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Multiple Datapointers
As a functional enhancement to the standard 8051 architecture, the C505 contains eight 16-bit
datapointers instead of only one datapointer. The instruction set uses just one of these datapointers
at a time. The selection of the actual datapointer is done in the special function regsiter DPSEL.
Figure 8 illustrates the datapointer addressing mechanism.
- - - - -
.2 .1 .0
DPSEL(92 H)
DPSEL
DPTR7
Selected
Data-
.2
.1
.0
pointer
0
0
0
DPTR 0
0
0
1
DPTR 1
0
1
0
DPTR 2
0
1
1
DPTR 3
1
0
0
DPTR 4
1
0
1
DPTR 5
1
1
0
DPTR 6
1
1
1
DPTR 7
DPTR0
DPH(83 H )
DPL(82 H)
External Data Memory
MCD00779
Figure 8
External Data Memory Addressing using Multiple Datapointers
Data Sheet
16
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Enhanced Hooks Emulation Concept
The Enhanced Hooks Emulation Concept of the C500 microcontroller family is a new, innovative
way to control the execution of C500 MCUs and to gain extensive information on the internal
operation of the controllers. Emulation of on-chip ROM based programs is possible, too.
Each production chip has built-in logic for the supprt of the Enhanced Hooks Emulation Concept.
Therefore, no costly bond-out chips are necessary for emulation. This also ensure that emulation
and production chips are identical.
The Enhanced Hooks TechnologyTM 1), which requires embedded logic in the C500 allows the C500
together with an EH-IC to function similar to a bond-out chip. This simplifies the design and reduces
costs of an ICE-system. ICE-systems using an EH-IC and a compatible C500 are able to emulate
all operating modes of the different versions of the C500 microcontrollers. This includes emulation
of ROM, ROM with code rollover and ROMless modes of operation. It is also able to operate in
single step mode and to read the SFRs after a break.
ICE-System Interface
to Emulation Hardware
RESET
EA
ALE
PSEN
SYSCON
PCON
TCON
C500
MCU
RSYSCON
RPCON
RTCON
EH-IC
Enhanced Hooks
Interface Circuit
Port 0
Port 2
Optional
I/O Ports
Port 3
Port 1
RPort 2 RPort 0
Target System Interface
TEA TALE TPSEN
MCS02647
Figure 9
Basic C500 MCU Enhanced Hooks Concept Configuration
Port 0, port 2 and some of the control lines of the C500 based MCU are used by Enhanced Hooks
Emulation Concept to control the operation of the device during emulation and to transfer
informations about the programm execution and data transfer between the external emulation
hardware (ICE-system) and the C500 MCU.
1)
“Enhanced Hooks Technology“ is a trademark and patent of Metalink Corporation licensed to Infineon
Technologies.
Data Sheet
17
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Special Function Registers
The registers, except the program counter and the four general purpose register banks, reside in
the special function register area. The special function register area consists of two portions : the
standard special function register area and the mapped special function register area. Five special
function register of the C505 (PCON1,P1ANA, VR0, VR1, VR2) are located in the mapped special
function register area. For accessing the mapped special function register area, bit RMAP in special
function register SYSCON must be set. All other special function registers are located in the
standard special function register area which is accessed when RMAP is cleared (“0“).
The registers and data locations of the CAN controller (CAN-SFRs) are located in the external data
memory area at addresses F700H to F7FFH..
Special Function Register SYSCON (Address B1H)
(C505CA only)
Bit No. MSB
7
B1H
6
5
–
EALE
–
Reset Value : XX100X01B
Reset Value : XX100001B
LSB
2
1
0
XMAP1 XMAP0
RMAP CMOD CSWO
1)
4
3
SYSCON
The functions of the shaded bits are not described here.
1) This bit is only available in the C505CA.
Bit
Function
RMAP
Special function register map bit
RMAP = 0 : The access to the non-mapped (standard) special function register
area is enabled.
RMAP = 1 : The access to the mapped special function register area is enabled.
CSWO
CAN Controller switch-off bit
CSWO = 0 : CAN Controller is enabled (default after reset).
CSWO = 1 : CAN Controller is switched off.
As long as bit RMAP is set, mapped special function register area can be accessed. This bit is not
cleared by hardware automatically. Thus, when non-mapped/mapped registers are to be accessed,
the bit RMAP must be cleared/set respectively by software.
All SFRs with addresses where address bits 0-2 are 0 (e.g. 80H, 88H, 90H, 98H, ..., F8H, FFH) are
bitaddressable.
The 52 special function registers (SFRs) in the standard and mapped SFR area include pointers
and registers that provide an interface between the CPU and the other on-chip peripherals. The
SFRs of the C505 are listed in Table 3 and Table 4. In Table 3 they are organized in groups which
refer to the functional blocks of the C505. The CAN-SFRs (applicable for the C505C and C505CA
only) are also included in Table 3. Table 4 illustrates the contents of the SFRs in numeric order of
their addresses. Table 5 list the CAN-SFRs in numeric order of their addresses.
Data Sheet
18
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Table 3
Special Function Registers - Functional Blocks
Block
Symbol
Name
Address
Contents after
Reset
CPU
ACC
B
DPH
DPL
DPSEL
PSW
SP
SYSCON2)
Accumulator
B-Register
Data Pointer, High Byte
Data Pointer, Low Byte
Data Pointer Select Register
Program Status Word Register
Stack Pointer
System Control Register
E0H 1)
F0H 1)
83H
82H
92H
D0H 1)
81H
B1H
VR0 4)
VR1 4)
VR2 4)
Version Register 0
Version Register 1
Version Register 2
FCH
FDH
FEH
00H
00H
00H
00H
XXXXX000B 3)
00H
07H
XX100X01B 3) 6)
XX100001B 3) 7)
C5H
05H
A/D Converter Control Register 0
A/D Converter Control Register 1
A/D Converter Data Reg. (C505/C505C)
A/D Converter Start Reg. (C505/C505C)
A/D Converter High Byte Data Register
(C505A/C505CA)
A/D Converter Low Byte Data Register
(C505A/C505CA)
Port 1 Analog Input Selection Register
D8H 1)
DCH
D9H
DAH
D9H
00X00000B 3)
01XXX000B 3)
00H
XXH 3)
00H
DAH
00XXXXXXB 3)
90H
A8H 1)
B8H 1)
A9H
B9H
88H 1)
C8H 1)
98H 1)
C0H 1)
FFH
A/DADCON0 2)
Converter ADCON1
ADDAT
ADST
ADDATH
ADDATL
P1ANA 2) 4)
2)
Interrupt
System
IEN0
IEN1 2)
IP0 2)
IP1
TCON 2)
T2CON 2)
SCON 2)
IRCON
Interrupt Enable Register 0
Interrupt Enable Register 1
Interrupt Priority Register 0
Interrupt Priority Register 1
Timer Control Register
Timer 2 Control Register
Serial Channel Control Register
Interrupt Request Control Register
XRAM
XPAGE
Page Address Register for Extended on-chip 91H
XRAM and CAN Controller
System Control Register
B1H
SYSCON2)
5)
00H
00H
00H
XX000000B 3)
00H
00X00000B
00H
00H
00H
XX100X01B 3) 6)
XX100001B 3) 7)
1) Bit-addressable special function registers
2) This special function register is listed repeatedly since some bits of it also belong to other functional blocks.
3) “X“ means that the value is undefined and the location is reserved
4) This SFR is a mapped SFR. For accessing this SFR, bit RMAP in SFR SYSCON must be set.
5) The content of this SFR varies with the actual step of the C505 (eg. 01H for the first step)
6) C505 / C505A/C505C only
7) C505CA only
Data Sheet
19
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Table 3
Special Function Registers - Functional Blocks (cont’d)
Block
Symbol
Name
Address
Contents after
Reset
Ports
P0
P1
P1ANA 2) 4)
P2
P3
P4
Port 0
Port 1
Port 1 Analog Input Selection Register
Port 2
Port 3
Port 4
80H 1)
90H 1)
90H 1)
A0H 1)
B0H 1)
E8H 1)
FFH
FFH
FFH
FFH
FFH
XXXXXX11B
Serial
Channel
ADCON0 2)
PCON 2)
SBUF
SCON
SRELL
SRELH
A/D Converter Control Register 0
Power Control Register
Serial Channel Buffer Register
Serial Channel Control Register
Serial Channel Reload Register, low byte
Serial Channel Reload Register, high byte
D8H 1)
87H
99H
98H 1)
AAH
BAH
00X00000B 3)
00H
XXH 3)
00H
D9H
XXXXXX11B 3)
Timer 0/
Timer 1
TCON
TH0
TH1
TL0
TL1
TMOD
Timer 0/1 Control Register
Timer 0, High Byte
Timer 1, High Byte
Timer 0, Low Byte
Timer 1, Low Byte
Timer Mode Register
88H 1)
8CH
8DH
8AH
8BH
89H
00H
00H
00H
00H
00H
00H
Compare/
Capture
Unit /
Timer 2
CCEN
CCH1
CCH2
CCH3
CCL1
CCL2
CCL3
CRCH
CRCL
TH2
TL2
T2CON
IEN0 2)
IEN1 2)
Comp./Capture Enable Reg.
Comp./Capture Reg. 1, High Byte
Comp./Capture Reg. 2, High Byte
Comp./Capture Reg. 3, High Byte
Comp./Capture Reg. 1, Low Byte
Comp./Capture Reg. 2, Low Byte
Comp./Capture Reg. 3, Low Byte
Reload Register High Byte
Reload Register Low Byte
Timer 2, High Byte
Timer 2, Low Byte
Timer 2 Control Register
Interrupt Enable Register 0
Interrupt Enable Register 1
C1H
C3H
C5H
C7H
C2H
C4H
C6H
CBH
CAH
CDH
CCH
C8H 1)
A8H 1)
B8H 1)
00H 3)
00H
00H
00H
00H
00H
00H
00H
00H
00H
00H
00X00000B 3)
00H
00H
Watchdog WDTREL
IEN0 2)
IEN1 2)
IP0 2)
Watchdog Timer Reload Register
Interrupt Enable Register 0
Interrupt Enable Register 1
Interrupt Priority Register 0
86H
A8H 1)
B8H 1)
A9H
00H
00H
00H
00H
Pow. Save PCON 2)
Modes
PCON1 4)
Power Control Register
Power Control Register 1
87H
88H 1)
00H
0XX0XXXXB 3)
1) Bit-addressable special function registers
2) This special function register is listed repeatedly since some bits of it also belong to other functional blocks.
3) “X“ means that the value is undefined and the location is reserved
4) SFR is located in the mapped SFR area. For accessing this SFR, bit RMAP in SFR SYSCON must be set.
Data Sheet
20
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Table 3
Special Function Registers - Functional Blocks (cont’d)
Block
Symbol
CAN
CR
Controller SR
IR
(C505C/
BTR0
C505CA BTR1
only)
GMS0
GMS1
UGML0
UGML1
LGML0
LGML1
UMLM0
UMLM1
LMLM0
LMLM1
MCR0
MCR1
UAR0
UAR1
LAR0
LAR1
MCFG
DB0
DB1
DB2
DB3
DB4
DB5
DB6
DB7
Name
Address
Contents after
Reset
Control Register
Status Register
Interrupt Register
Bit Timing Register Low
Bit Timing Register High
Global Mask Short Register Low
Global Mask Short Register High
Upper Global Mask Long Register Low
Upper Global Mask Long Register High
Lower Global Mask Long Register Low
Lower Global Mask Long Register High
Upper Mask of Last Message Register Low
Upper Mask of Last Message Register High
Lower Mask of Last Message Register Low
Lower Mask of Last Message Register High
Message Object Registers :
Message Control Register Low
Message Control Register High
Upper Arbitration Register Low
Upper Arbitration Register High
Lower Arbitration Register Low
Lower Arbitration Register High
Message Configuration Register
Message Data Byte 0
Message Data Byte 1
Message Data Byte 2
Message Data Byte 3
Message Data Byte 4
Message Data Byte 5
Message Data Byte 6
Message Data Byte 7
F700H
F701H
F702H
F704H
F705H
F706H
F707H
F708H
F709H
F70AH
F70BH
F70CH
F70DH
F70EH
F70FH
01H
XXH 3)
XXH 3)
UUH 3)
F7n0H 5)
F7n1H 5)
F7n2H 5)
F7n3H 5)
F7n4H 5)
F7n5H 5)
F7n6H 5)
F7n7H 5)
F7n8H 5)
F7n9H 5)
F7nAH 5)
F7nBH 5)
F7nCH 5)
F7nDH 5)
F7nEH 5)
UUH 3)
UUH 3)
UUH 3)
UUH 3)
UUH 3)
UUUUU000B 3)
UUUUUU00B3)
XXH 3)
XXH 3)
XXH 3)
XXH 3)
XXH 3)
XXH 3)
XXH 3)
XXH 3)
0UUUUUUUB 3)
UUH 3)
UUU11111B 3)
UUH 3)
UUH 3)
UUH 3)
UUUUU000B 3)
UUH 3)
UUH 3)
UUH 3)
UUUUU000B 3)
1) Bit-addressable special function registers
2) This special function register is listed repeatedly since some bits of it also belong to other functional blocks.
3) “X“ means that the value is undefined and the location is reserved. “U“ means that the value is unchanged by
a reset operation. “U“ values are undefined (as “X“) after a power-on reset operation
4) SFR is located in the mapped SFR area. For accessing this SFR, bit RMAP in SFR SYSCON must be set.
5) The notation “n“ (n= 1 to F) in the message object address definition defines the number of the related
message object.
Data Sheet
21
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Table 4
Contents of the SFRs, SFRs in numeric order of their addresses
Addr
Register Content Bit 7
after
Reset1)
80H 2) P0
81H
SP
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
FFH
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
07H
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
82H
83H
DPL
00H
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
DPH
00H
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
86H
WDTREL 00H
WDT
PSEL
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
87H
PCON
88H 2) TCON
00H
SMOD PDS
IDLS
SD
GF1
GF0
PDE
IDLE
00H
TF1
TF0
TR0
IE1
IT1
IE0
IT0
88H 3) PCON1
0XX0XXXXB
EWPD –
–
WS
–
–
–
–
89H
8AH
TMOD
00H
GATE
C/T
M1
M0
GATE
C/T
M1
M0
TL0
00H
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
8BH
8CH
TL1
00H
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
TH0
00H
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
8DH
TH1
90H 2) P1
00H
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
FFH
T2
CLKOUT
T2EX
.4
INT6
INT5
INT4
.INT3
90H 3) P1ANA
91H
XPAGE
FFH
EAN7
EAN6
EAN5
EAN4
EAN3
EAN2
EAN1
EAN0
00H
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
XXXXX000B
–
–
–
–
–
.2
.1
.0
00H
SM0
SM1
SM2
REN
TB8
RB8
TI
RI
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
WDT
ET2
ES
ET1
EX1
ET0
EX0
92H
DPSEL
98H 2) SCON
99H
SBUF
TR1
A0H2)
P2
XXH
FFH
A8H2)
IEN0
00H
EA
A9H
IP0
00H
OWDS WDTS .5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
AAH
SRELL
D9H
.7
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
.6
.5
1) X means that the value is undefined and the location is reserved
2) Bit-addressable special function registers
3) SFR is located in the mapped SFR area. For accessing this SFR, bit RMAP in SFR SYSCON must be set.
Data Sheet
22
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Table 4
Contents of the SFRs, SFRs in numeric order of their addresses (cont’d)
Addr
Register Content Bit 7
after
Reset1)
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
B0H2)
P3
RD
WR
T1
T0
INT1
INT0
TxD
RxD
SYSCON XX100X01B
–
–
EALE
RMAP CMOD –
SYSCON XX104)
0001B
–
–
EALE
RMAP CMOD CSWO XMAP1 XMAP0
B1H
FFH
XMAP1 XMAP0
3)
B1H
B8H 2) IEN1
00H
EXEN2 SWDT EX6
EX5
EX4
EX3
ECAN
EADC
B9H
IP1
–
–
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
BAH
SRELH
XX000000B
XXXXXX11B
–
–
–
–
–
–
.1
.0
TF2
IEX6
IEX5
IEX4
IEX3
SWI
IADC
C0H2) IRCON
00H
EXF2
C1H
CCEN
00H
COCA COCAL COCA
H3
3
H2
COCAL COCA COCAL COCA COCAL
2
H1
1
H0
0
C2H
CCL1
00H
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
C3H
CCH1
00H
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
C4H
CCL2
00H
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
C5H
CCH2
00H
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
C6H
CCL3
00H
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
C7H
CCH3
00H
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
C8H2) T2CON
00X00000B
T2PS
I3FR
–
T2R1
T2R0
T2CM
T2I1
T2I0
CAH
CBH
CRCL
00H
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
CRCH
00H
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
TL2
00H
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
TH2
00H
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
00H
CY
AC
F0
RS1
RS0
OV
F1
P
BD
CLK
–
BSY
ADM
MX2
MX1
MX0
CCH
CDH
D0H2) PSW
D8H2) ADCON0 00X00000B
1) X means that the value is undefined and the location is reserved
2) Bit-addressable special function registers
3) C505 /C505C/C505A only
4) C505CA only
Data Sheet
23
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Table 4
Contents of the SFRs, SFRs in numeric order of their addresses (cont’d)
Addr
Register Content Bit 7
after
Reset1)
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
D9H
ADDAT 6) 00H
ADDATH 00H
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
.9
.8
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
XXXXXXXXB
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
00XXXXXXB
.1
.0
–
–
–
–
–
–
D9H
7)
6)
DAH
ADST
DAH
ADDATL
7)
DCH
ADCON1 01XXX000B
ADCL1 ADCL0 –
–
–
MX2
MX1
MX0
E0H2)
ACC
00H
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
E8H2)
P4
XXXXXX11B
–
–
–
–
–
–
RXDC
TXDC
00H
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
C5H
1
1
0
0
0
1
0
1
05H
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
F0H2) B
FCH3)4) VR0
FDH3)4) VR1
FEH3)4) VR2 5)
8)
9)
10)
01H
12H
33H
1) X means that the value is undefined and the location is reserved
2) Bit-addressable special function registers
3) SFR is located in the mapped SFR area. For accessing this SFR, bit RMAP in SFR SYSCON must be set.
4) These are read-only registers
5) The content of this SFR varies with the actual of the step C505 (eg. 01H or 11H or 21H for the first step)
6) C505 / C505C only
7) C505A / C505CA only
8) C505 / C505C AB step only
9) C505A-4E / C505CA-4E BA step only (11H for the AA step)
10) C505A-4R / C505CA-4R BB step only (32H for the BA step)
Data Sheet
24
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Table 5
Contents of the CAN Registers in numeric order of their addresses
(C505C/C505CA only)
Register Content Bit 7
Addr.
after
n=1-FH
1)
Reset 2)
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
F700H
CR
01H
TEST
CCE
0
0
EIE
SIE
IE
INIT
F701H
SR
BOFF
EWRN –
LEC2
LEC1
LEC0
F702H
IR
XXH
XXH
F704H
BTR0
UUH
F705H
BTR1
0UUU. 0
UUUUB
F706H
GMS0
UUH
F707H
GMS1
UUU1.
1111B
F708H
UGML0
UUH
ID28-21
F709H
UGML1
UUH
ID20-13
F70AH
LGML0
UUH
ID12-5
F70BH
LGML1
F70CH UMLM0
UUUU.
U000B
UUH
F70DH UMLM1
UUH
F70EH
LMLM0
UUH
F70FH
LMLM1
UUUU.
U000B
F7n0H
MCR0
UUH
MSGVAL
TXIE
RXIE
INTPND
F7n1H
MCR1
UUH
RMTPND
TXRQ
MSGLST
CPUUPD
NEWDAT
F7n2H
UAR0
UUH
F7n3H
UAR1
UUH
F7n4H
LAR0
UUH
F7n5H
LAR1
UUUU.
U000B
RXOK TXOK
INTID
SJW
BRP
TSEG2
TSEG1
ID28-21
ID20-18
1
1
ID4-0
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
ID28-21
ID20-18
ID17-13
ID12-5
ID4-0
0
ID28-21
ID20-18
ID17-13
ID12-5
ID4-0
0
0
0
1) The notation “n“ (n= 1 to F) in the address definition defines the number of the related message object.
2) “X“ means that the value is undefined and the location is reserved. “U“ means that the value is unchanged
by a reset operation. “U“ values are undefined (as “X“) after a power-on reset operation
Data Sheet
25
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Table 5
Contents of the CAN Registers in numeric order of their addresses (cont’d)
(C505C/C505CA only)
Register Content Bit 7
Addr.
after
n=1-FH
1)
Reset 2)
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
DIR
XTD
0
0
F7n6H
MCFG
UUUU.
UU00B
F7n7H
DB0
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
F7n8H
DB1
XXH
XXH
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
F7n9H
DB2
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
F7nAH
DB3
XXH
XXH
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
F7nBH
DB4
XXH
XXH
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
XXH
XXH
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
F7nCH DB5
F7nDH DB6
F7nEH
DB7
DLC
Bit 3
1) The notation “n“ (n= 1 to F) in the address definition defines the number of the related message object.
2) “X“ means that the value is undefined and the location is reserved. “U“ means that the value is unchanged
by a reset operation. “U“ values are undefined (as “X“) after a power-on reset operation
Data Sheet
26
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
I/O Ports
The C505 has four 8-bit I/O ports and one 2-bit I/O port. Port 0 is an open-drain bidirectional I/O
port, while ports 1 to 4 are quasi-bidirectional I/O ports with internal pullup resistors. That means,
when configured as inputs, ports 1 to 4 will be pulled high and will source current when externally
pulled low. Port 0 will float when configured as input.
The output drivers of port 0 and 2 and the input buffers of port 0 are also used for accessing external
memory. In this application, port 0 outputs the low byte of the external memory address, time
multiplexed with the byte being written or read. Port 2 outputs the high byte of the external memory
address when the address is 16 bits wide. Otherwise, the port 2 pins continue emitting the P2 SFR
contents. In this function, port 0 is not an open-drain port, but uses a strong internal pullup FET .
Port 4 is 2-bit I/O port with CAN controller specific alternate functions. The eight analog input lines
are realized as mixed digital/analog inputs. The 8 analog inputs, AN0-AN7, are located at the port
1 pins P1.0 to P1.7. After reset, all analog inputs are disabled and the related pins of port 1 are
configured as digital inputs. The analog function of a specific port 1 pin is enabled by bits in the SFR
P1ANA. Writing a 0 to a bit position of P1ANA assigns the corresponding pin to operate as analog
input.
Note : P1ANA is a mapped SFR and can be only accessed if bit RMAP in SFR SYSCON is set.
Data Sheet
27
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Timer / Counter 0 and 1
Timer/Counter 0 and 1 can be used in four operating modes as listed in Table 6 :
Table 6
Timer/Counter 0 and 1 Operating Modes
Mode
Description
TMOD
Input Clock
M1
M0
internal
external (max)
fOSC/6x32
fOSC/12x32
fOSC/6
fOSC/12
0
8-bit timer/counter with a
divide-by-32 prescaler
0
0
1
16-bit timer/counter
0
1
2
8-bit timer/counter with
8-bit autoreload
1
0
3
Timer/counter 0 used as one
8-bit timer/counter and one
8-bit timer
Timer 1 stops
1
1
In the “timer” function (C/T = ‘0’) the register is incremented every machine cycle. Therefore the
count rate is fOSC/6.
In the “counter” function the register is incremented in response to a 1-to-0 transition at its
corresponding external input pin (P3.4/T0, P3.5/T1). Since it takes two machine cycles to detect a
falling edge the max. count rate is fOSC/12. External inputs INT0 and INT1 (P3.2, P3.3) can be
programmed to function as a gate to facilitate pulse width measurements. Figure 10 illustrates the
input clock logic.
OSC
÷6
f OSC /6
C/T = 0
Timer 0/1
Input Clock
C/T = 1
P3.4/T0
P3.5/T1
Gate
(TMOD)
Control
TR0
TR1
=1
&
<_ 1
P3.2/INT0
P3.3/INT1
MCS03117
Figure 10
Timer/Counter 0 and 1 Input Clock Logic
Data Sheet
28
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Timer/Counter 2 with Compare/Capture/Reload
The timer 2 of the C505 provides additional compare/capture/reload features. which allow the
selection of the following operating modes:
– Compare
– Capture
– Reload
: up to 4 PWM signals with 16-bit/300 ns resolution (@ 20 MHz clock)
: up to 4 high speed capture inputs with 300 ns resolution
: modulation of timer 2 cycle time
The block diagram in Figure 11 shows the general configuration of timer 2 with the additional
compare/capture/reload registers. The I/O pins which can used for timer 2 control are located as
multifunctional port functions at port 1.
P1.5/
T2EX
Sync.
EXF2
T2I0
T2I1
P1.7/
T2
<_ 1
Interrupt
Request
EXEN2
Sync.
&
Reload
÷6
OSC
Reload
f OSC
÷12
Timer 2
TL2 TH2
T2PS
TF2
Compare
16 Bit
Comparator
16 Bit
Comparator
16 Bit
Comparator
P1.0/
INT3/
CC0
16 Bit
Comparator
Capture
CCL3/CCH3
CCL2/CCH2
CCL1/CCH1
CRCL/CRCH
Input/
Output
Control
P1.1/
INT4/
CC1
P1.2/
INT5/
CC2
P1.2/
INT6/
CC3
MCB02730
Figure 11
Timer 2 Block Diagram
Data Sheet
29
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Timer 2 Operating Modes
The timer 2, which is a 16-bit-wide register, can operate as timer, event counter, or gated timer. A
roll-over of the count value in TL2/TH2 from all 1’s to all 0’s sets the timer overflow flag TF2 in SFR
IRCON, which can generate an interrupt. The bits in register T2CON are used to control the timer
2 operation.
Timer Mode : In timer function, the count rate is derived from the oscillator frequency. A prescaler
offers the possibility of selecting a count rate of 1/6 or 1/12 of the oscillator frequency.
Gated Timer Mode : In gated timer function, the external input pin T2 (P1.7) functions as a gate to
the input of timer 2. lf T2 is high, the internal clock input is gated to the timer. T2 = 0 stops the
counting procedure. This facilitates pulse width measurements. The external gate signal is sampled
once every machine cycle.
Event Counter Mode : In the event counter function. the timer 2 is incremented in response to a 1to-0 transition at its corresponding external input pin T2 (P1.7). In this function, the external input is
sampled every machine cycle. Since it takes two machine cycles (12 oscillator periods) to recognize
a 1-to-0 transition, the maximum count rate is 1/6 of the oscillator frequency. There are no
restrictions on the duty cycle of the external input signal, but to ensure that a given level is sampled
at least once before it changes, it must be held for at least one full machine cycle.
Reload of Timer 2 : Two reload modes are selectable:
In mode 0, when timer 2 rolls over from all 1’s to all 0’s, it not only sets TF2 but also causes the timer
2 registers to be loaded with the 16-bit value in the CRC register, which is preset by software.
In mode 1, a 16-bit reload from the CRC register is caused by a negative transition at the corresponding input pin P1.5/T2EX. This transition will also set flag EXF2 if bit EXEN2 in SFR IEN1 has been
set.
Data Sheet
30
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Timer 2 Compare Modes
The compare function of a timer/register combination operates as follows : the 16-bit value stored
in a compare or compare/capture register is compared with the contents of the timer register; if the
count value in the timer register matches the stored value, an appropriate output signal is generated
at a corresponding port pin and an interrupt can be generated.
Compare Mode 0
In compare mode 0, upon matching the timer and compare register contents, the output signal
changes from low to high. lt goes back to a low level on timer overflow. As long as compare mode
0 is enabled, the appropriate output pin is controlled by the timer circuit only and writing to the port
will have no effect. Figure 12 shows a functional diagram of a port circuit when used in compare
mode 0. The port latch is directly controlled by the timer overflow and compare match signals. The
input line from the internal bus and the write-to-latch line of the port latch are disconnected when
compare mode 0 is enabled.
Port Circuit
Read Latch
VDD
Compare Register
Circuit
Compare Reg.
16 Bit
Comparator
16 Bit
Compare
Match
S
D
Q
Port
Latch
CLK
Q
R
Internal
Bus
Write to
Latch
Port
Pin
Timer Register
Timer Circuit
Timer
Overflow
Read Pin
MCS02661
Figure 12
Port Latch in Compare Mode 0
Data Sheet
31
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Compare Mode 1
If compare mode 1 is enabled and the software writes to the appropriate output latch at the port, the
new value will not appear at the output pin until the next compare match occurs. Thus, it can be
choosen whether the output signal has to make a new transition (1-to-0 or 0-to-1, depending on the
actual pin-level) or should keep its old value at the time when the timer value matches the stored
compare value.
In compare mode 1 (see Figure 13) the port circuit consists of two separate latches. One latch
(which acts as a "shadow latch") can be written under software control, but its value will only be
transferred to the port latch (and thus to the port pin) when a compare match occurs.
Port Circuit
Read Latch
VDD
Compare Register
Circuit
Compare Reg.
Internal
Bus
16 Bit
Comparator
16 Bit
Compare
Match
D
Shadow
Latch
CLK
Write to
Latch
Q
D
Q
Port
Latch
CLK
Q
Port
Pin
Timer Register
Timer Circuit
Read Pin
MCS02662
Figure 13
Compare Function in Compare Mode 1
Timer 2 Capture Modes
Each of the compare/capture registers CC1 to CC3 and the CRC register can be used to latch the
current 16-bit value of the timer 2 registers TL2 and TH2. Two different modes are provided for this
function.
In mode 0, the external event causing a capture is :
– for CC registers 1 to 3: a positive transition at pins CC1 to CC3 of port 1
– for the CRC register:
a positive or negative transition at the corresponding pin, depending
on the status of the bit I3FR in SFR T2CON.
In mode 1 a capture occurs in response to a write instruction to the low order byte of a capture
register. The write-to-register signal (e.g. write-to-CRCL) is used to initiate a capture. The timer 2
contents will be latched into the appropriate capture register in the cycle following the write
instruction. In this mode no interrupt request will be generated.
Data Sheet
32
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Serial Interface (USART)
The serial port is full duplex and can operate in four modes (one synchronous mode, three
asynchronous modes) as illustrated in Table 7.
Table 7
USART Operating Modes
Mode
SCON
Description
SM0
SM1
0
0
0
Shift register mode, fixed baud rate
Serial data enters and exits through R×D; T×D outputs the shift
clock; 8-bit are transmitted/received (LSB first)
1
0
1
8-bit UART, variable baud rate
10 bits are transmitted (through T×D) or received (at R×D)
2
1
0
9-bit UART, fixed baud rate
11 bits are transmitted (through T×D) or received (at R×D)
3
1
1
9-bit UART, variable baud rate
Like mode 2
For clarification some terms regarding the difference between "baud rate clock" and "baud rate"
should be mentioned. In the asynchronous modes the serial interfaces require a clock rate which is
16 times the baud rate for internal synchronization. Therefore, the baud rate generators/timers have
to provide a "baud rate clock" (output signal in Figure 14 to the serial interface which - there divided
by 16 - results in the actual "baud rate". Further, the abbrevation fOSC refers to the oscillator
frequency (crystal or external clock operation).
The variable baud rates for modes 1 and 3 of the serial interface can be derived either from timer 1
or from a decdicated baud rate generator (see Figure 14).
Data Sheet
33
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Timer 1
Overflow
f OSC
ADCON0.7
(BD)
Baud
Rate
Generator
Mode 1
Mode 3
0
1
SCON.7
SCON.6
(SM0/
SM1)
÷2
PCON.7
(SMOD)
0
1
(SRELH
SRELL)
Baud
Rate
Clock
Mode 2
Only one mode
can be selected
Mode 0
÷6
Note: The switch configuration shows the reset state.
MCS02733
Figure 14
Block Diagram of Baud Rate Generation for the Serial Interface
Table 8 below lists the values/formulas for the baud rate calculation of the serial interface with its
dependencies of the control bits BD and SMOD.
Table 8
Serial Interface - Baud Rate Dependencies
Serial Interface
Operating Modes
BD
SMOD
Mode 0 (Shift Register)
–
–
fOSC / 6
Mode 1 (8-bit UART)
Mode 3 (9-bit UART)
0
X
Controlled by timer 1 overflow :
(2SMOD × timer 1 overflow rate) / 32
1
X
Controlled by baud rate generator
(2SMOD × fOSC) /
(32 × baud rate generator overflow rate)
–
0
1
fOSC / 32
fOSC / 16
Mode 2 (9-bit UART)
Data Sheet
Active Control Bits Baud Rate Calculation
34
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
CAN Controller (C505C and C505CA only)
The on-chip CAN controller, compliant to version 2.0B, is the functional heart which provides all
resources that are required to run the standard CAN protocol (11-bit identifiers) as well as the
extended CAN protocol (29-bit identifiers). It provides a sophisticated object layer to relieve the
CPU of as much overhead as possible when controlling many different message objects (up to 15).
This includes bus arbitration, resending of garbled messages, error handling, interrupt generation,
etc. In order to implement the physical layer, external components have to be connected to the
C505C/C505CA.
The internal bus interface connects the on-chip CAN controller to the internal bus of the
microcontroller. The registers and data locations of the CAN interface are mapped to a specific 256
byte wide address range of the external data memory area (F700H to F7FFH) and can be accessed
using MOVX instructions. Figure 15 shows a block diagram of the on-chip CAN controller.
The TX/RX Shift Register holds the destuffed bit stream from the bus line to allow the parallel
access to the whole data or remote frame for the acceptance match test and the parallel transfer of
the frame to and from the Intelligent Memory.
The Bit Stream Processor (BSP) is a sequencer controlling the sequential data stream between
the TX/RX Shift Register, the CRC Register, and the bus line. The BSP also controls the EML and
the parallel data stream between the TX/RX Shift Register and the Intelligent Memory such that the
processes of reception, arbitration, transmission, and error signalling are performed according to
the CAN protocol. Note that the automatic retransmission of messages which have been corrupted
by noise or other external error conditions on the bus line is handled by the BSP.
The Cyclic Redundancy Check Register (CRC) generates the Cyclic Redundancy Check code to
be transmitted after the data bytes and checks the CRC code of incoming messages. This is done
by dividing the data stream by the code generator polynomial.
The Error Management Logic (EML) is responsible for the fault confinement of the CAN device. Its
counters, the Receive Error Counter and the Transmit Error Counter, are incremented and
decremented by commands from the Bit Stream Processor. According to the values of the error
counters, the CAN controller is set into the states error active, error passive and busoff.
The Bit Timing Logic (BTL) monitors the busline input RXDC and handles the busline related bit
timing according to the CAN protocol. The BTL synchronizes on a recessive to dominant busline
transition at Start of Frame (hard synchronization) and on any further recessive to dominant busline
transition, if the CAN controller itself does not transmit a dominant bit (resynchronization). The BTL
also provides programmable time segments to compensate for the propagation delay time and for
phase shifts and to define the position of the Sample Point in the bit time. The programming of the
BTL depends on the baudrate and on external physical delay times.
The Intelligent Memory (CAM/RAM array) provides storage for up to 15 message objects of
maximum 8 data bytes length. Each of these objects has a unique identifier and its own set of
control and status bits. After the initial configuration, the Intelligent Memory can handle the
reception and transmission of data without further microcontroller actions.
Data Sheet
35
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
TXDC
RXDC
BTL-Configuration
CRC
Gen./Check
Bit
Timing
Logic
Timing
Generator
TX/RX Shift Register
Messages
Messages
Handlers
Clocks
(to all)
Control
Intelligent
Memory
Interrupt
Register
Status +
Control
Bit
Stream
Processor
Error
Management
Logic
Status
Register
to internal Bus
MCB02736
Figure 15
CAN Controller Block Diagram
Data Sheet
36
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
CAN Controller Software Initialization
The very first step of the initialization is the CAN controller input clock selection. A divide-by-2
prescaler is enabled by default after reset (Figure 16). Setting bit CMOD (SYSCON.3) disables the
prescaler. The purpose of the prescaler selection is:
– to ensure that the CAN controller is operable when fosc is over 10 MHz (bit CMOD =0)
– to achieve the maximum CAN baudrate of 1 Mbaud when fosc is 8 MHz (bit CMOD=1)
SYSCON.3
(CMOD)
f OSC
1
f CAN
0
2
Condition: CMOD = 0, when f OSC > 10 MHz
Frequency (MHz)
fOSC
fCAN
MCS03296
CMOD
BRP
(SYSCON.3) (BTR0.0-5)
8
8
1
8
4
16
8
Full-CAN
Module
CAN
baudrate
(Mbaud/sec)
0
000000B
000000B
1
0.5
0
000000B
1
Note : The switch configuration shows the reset state of bit CMOD.
Figure 16
CAN controller Input Clock Selection
Data Sheet
37
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
8-Bit A/D Converter (C505 and C505C only)
The C505/C505C includes a high performance / high speed 8-bit A/D converter (ADC) with 8 analog
input channels. It operates with a successive approximation technique and provides the following
features:
–
–
–
–
–
8 multiplexed input channels (port 1), which can also be used as digital outputs/inputs
8-bit resolution
Internal start-of-conversion trigger
Interrupt request generation after each conversion
Single or continuous conversion mode
The 8-bit ADC uses two clock signals for operation : the conversion clock fADC (=1/tADC) and the
input clock fIN (1/tIN). fADC is derived from the C505 system clock fOSC which is applied at the XTAL
pins via the ADC clock prescaler as shown in Figure 17. The input clock is equal to fOSC. The
conversion clock fADC is limited to a maximum frequency of 1.25 MHz. Therefore, the ADC clock
prescaler must be programmed to a value which assures that the conversion clock does not exceed
1.25 MHz. The prescaler ratio is selected by the bits ADCL1 and ADCL0 of SFR ADCON1.
ADCL0
ADCL1
f OSC
32
16
8
MUX
Conversion Clock
f ADC
A/D
Converter
4
Input Clock
Clock Prescaler
Condition: f ADC max < 1.25 MHz
MCU System Clock fIN
[MHz]
Rate (fOSC)
f IN = f OSC =
f IN
1
CLP
MCS03299
Prescaler
Ratio
fADC
[MHz]
ADCL1
ADCL0
2 MHz
2
÷4
0.5
0
0
5 MHz
5
÷4
1.25
0
0
6 MHz
6
÷8
0.75
0
1
10 MHz
10
÷8
1.25
0
1
12 MHz
12
÷ 16
0.75
1
0
16 MHz
16
÷ 16
1
1
0
20 MHz
20
÷ 16
1.25
1
0
Figure 17
8-Bit A/D Converter Clock Selection
Data Sheet
38
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Internal
Bus
IEN1 (B8 H )
EXEN2
EX6
EX5
EX4
EX3
ECAN
EADC
TF2
IEX6
IEX5
IEX4
IEX3
SWI
IADC
EAN6
EAN5
EAN4
EAN3
EAN2
EAN1
EAN0
MX2
MX1
MX0
MX2
MX1
MX0
SWDT
IRCON (C0 H )
EXF2
P1ANA (90 H )
EAN7
ADCON1 (DC H )
ADCL1
ADCL0
ADCON0 (D8 H )
BD
CLK
BSY
ADM
Single /
Continuous Mode
Port 1
ADDAT ADST
(D9 H ) (DA H )
LSB
MUX
.1
S&H
.2
.3
Conversion
Clock
Prescaler
f OSC
Conversion Clock f ADC
A/D
Converter
Input Clock f IN
.4
.5
.6
MSB
V AREF
V AGND
Start of
conversion
Shaded Bit locations are not used in ADC-functions.
Internal
Bus
Write to ADST
MCB03298
Figure 18
Block Diagram of the 8-Bit A/D Converter
Data Sheet
39
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
10-Bit A/D Converter (C505A and C505CA only)
The C505A/C505CA includes a high performance / high speed 10-bit A/D-Converter (ADC) with 8
analog input channels. It operates with a successive approximation technique and uses self
calibration mechanisms for reduction and compensation of offset and linearity errors. The A/D
converter provides the following features:
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
8 multiplexed input channels (port 1), which can also be used as digital inputs/outputs
10-bit resolution
Single or continuous conversion mode
Internal start-of-conversion trigger capability
Interrupt request generation after each conversion
Using successive approximation conversion technique via a capacitor array
Built-in hidden calibration of offset and linearity errors
The 10-bit ADC uses two clock signals for operation : the conversion clock fADC (=1/tADC) and the
input clock fIN (=1/tIN). fADC is derived from the C505 system clock fOSC which is applied at the
XTAL pins. The input clock fIN is equal to fOSC The conversion fADC clock is limited to a maximum
frequency of 2 MHz. Therefore, the ADC clock prescaler must be programmed to a value which
assures that the conversion clock does not exceed 2 MHz. The prescaler ratio is selected by the
bits ADCL1 and ADCL0 of SFR ADCON1.
ADCL1
f OSC
ADCL0
32
Conversion Clock
16
MUX
8
f ADC
A/D
Converter
4
Input Clock
Clock Prescaler
Condition: f ADC max < 2 MHz
MCU System Clock fIN
[MHz]
Rate (fOSC)
f IN = f OSC =
f IN
1
CLP
MCS03635
Prescaler
Ratio
fADC
[MHz]
ADCL1
ADCL0
2 MHz
2
÷4
0.5
0
0
6 MHz
6
÷4
1.5
0
0
8 MHz
8
÷4
2
0
0
12 MHz
12
÷8
1.5
0
1
16 MHz
16
÷8
2
0
1
20 MHz
20
÷ 16
1.25
1
0
Figure 19
10-Bit A/D Converter Clock Selection
Data Sheet
40
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Internal
Bus
IEN1 (B8 H )
EXEN2
EX6
EX5
EX4
EX3
ECAN
EADC
TF2
IEX6
IEX5
IEX4
IEX3
SWI
IADC
EAN6
EAN5
EAN4
EAN3
EAN2
EAN1
EAN0
MX2
MX1
MX0
MX2
MX1
MX0
SWDT
IRCON (C0 H )
EXF2
P1ANA (90 H )
EAN7
ADCON1 (DC H )
ADCL1
ADCL0
ADCON0 (D8 H )
BD
CLK
BSY
ADM
Single /
Continuous Mode
Port 1
ADDAT ADST
ADDATH
(D9 H ) ADDATL
(DA H )
(D9H)
(DAH)
.2
MUX
.3
S&H
.4
.5
Conversion
Clock
Prescaler
f OSC
Conversion Clock f ADC
A/D
Converter
Input Clock f IN
V AREF
.6
.7
.8
LSB
MSB
.1
V AGND
Start of
conversion
Internal
Bus
Shaded Bit locations are not used in ADC-functions.
Write to ADDATL
MCB03636
Figure 20
Block Diagram of the 10-Bit A/D Converter
Data Sheet
41
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Interrupt System
The C505 provides 12 interrupt vectors with four priority levels. Five interrupt requests can be
generated by the on-chip peripherals (timer 0, timer 1, timer 2, serial interface, A/D converter). One
interrupt can be generated by the CAN controller (C505C and C505CA only) or by a software setting
and in this case the interrupt vector is the same. Six interrupts may be triggered externally (P3.2/
INT0, P3.3/INT1, P1.0/AN0/INT3/CC0, P1.1/AN1/INT4/CC1, P1.2/AN2/INT5/CC2, P1.3/AN3/INT6/
CC3). Additionally, the P1.5/AN5/T2EX can trigger an interrupt. The wake-up from power-down
mode interrupt has a special functionality which allows to exit from the software power-down mode
by a short low pulse at either pin P3.2/INT0 or the pin P4.1/RXDC.
Figure 21 to Figure 23 give a general overview of the interrupt sources and illustrate the request
and the control flags which are described in the next sections. Table 9 lists all interrupt sources with
their request flags and interrupt vector addresses.
Table 9
Interrupt Source and Vectors
Interrupt Source
Interrupt Vector Address
Interrupt Request Flags
External Interrupt 0
0003H
IE0
Timer 0 Overflow
000BH
TF0
External Interrupt 1
0013H
IE1
Timer 1 Overflow
001BH
TF1
Serial Channel
0023H
RI / TI
Timer 2 Overflow / Ext. Reload
002BH
TF2 / EXF2
A/D Converter
0043H
IADC
CAN Controller / Software Interrupt 004BH
External interrupt 3
0053H
IEX3
External Interrupt 4
005BH
IEX4
External Interrupt 5
0063H
IEX5
External interrupt 6
006BH
007BH
IEX6
Wake-up from power-down mode
Data Sheet
– / SWI
–
42
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Highest
Priority Level
P3.2 /
IE0
INT0
0003 H
EX0
TCON.1
Lowest
Priority Level
IEN0.0
IT0
TCON.0
A / D Converter
IADC
IRCON.0
0043 H
EADC
IEN1.0
Timer 0
Overflow
IP1.0
IP0.0
P
o
l
l
i
n
g
TF0
000B H
ET0
TCON.5
IEN0.1
SWI
>1
IRCON.1
Status
S
e
q
u
e
n
c
e
004B H
ECAN
ECAN
IEN1.1
SIE
CAN Controller Interrupt Sources
CR.2
>1
Error
EIE
IE
CR.3
CR.1
Message
Transmit
TXIE
MCR0.5 / 4
>1
INTPND
MCR0.0 / 1
Message
Receive
RXIE
EA
MCR0.3 / 2
IEN0.7
IP1.1
IP0.1
Bit addressable
Request flag is cleared by hardware
C505C and C505CA Only
MCB03303
Figure 21
Interrupt Structure, Overview Part 1
Note: Each of the 15 CAN controller message objects (C505C and C505CA only), shown in the
shaded area of Figure 21 provides the bits/flags.
Data Sheet
43
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Highest
Priority Level
P3.3 /
IE1
INT1
TCON.3
EX1
0013 H
Lowest
Priority Level
IEN0.2
IT1
TCON.2
P1.0 /
AN0 /
IEX3
IRCON.2
INT3 /
CC0
EX3
0053 H
IEN1.2
IP1.2
IP0.2
I3FR
T2CON.6
Timer 1
Overflow
TF1
TCON.7
ET1
S
e
q
u
e
n
c
e
001B H
IEN0.3
P1.1 /
AN1 /
INT4 /
CC1
IEX4
IRCON.3
EX4
P
o
l
l
i
n
g
005B H
IEN1.3
EA
Bit addressable
IP1.3
IP0.3
IEN0.7
Request flag is cleared by hardware
MCB03304
Figure 22
Interrupt Structure, Overview Part 2
Data Sheet
44
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
RI
>1
SCON.0
USART
ES
TI
0023 H
Lowest
Priority Level
IEN0.4
SCON.1
P1.2 /
AN2 /
INT5 /
CC2
Highest
Priority Level
IEX5
IRCON.4
EX5
0063 H
IEN1.4
Timer 2
Overflow
IP1.4
IP0.4
TF2
IRCON.6
P1.5 /
AN5 /
T2EX
EXEN2
>1
EXF2
ET2
IRCON.7
IEN0.5
S
e
q
u
e
n
c
e
002B H
IEN1.7
P1.3 /
INT6 /
CC3
IEX6
IRCON.5
EX6
P
o
l
l
i
n
g
006B H
IEN1.5
EA
Bit addressable
IP1.5
IP0.5
IEN0.7
Request flag is cleared by hardware
MCB03305
Figure 23
Interrupt Structure, Overview Part 3
Data Sheet
45
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Fail Save Mechanisms
The C505 offers enhanced fail safe mechanisms, which allow an automatic recovery from software
upset or hardware failure :
– a programmable watchdog timer (WDT), with variable time-out period from 192 µs up to
approx. 393.2 ms at 16 MHz (314.5 ms at 20 MHz).
– an oscillator watchdog (OWD) which monitors the on-chip oscillator and forces the
microcontroller into reset state in case the on-chip oscillator fails; it also provides the clock for
a fast internal reset after power-on.
The watchdog timer in the C505 is a 15-bit timer, which is incremented by a count rate of fOSC/12
upto fOSC/192. The system clock of the C505 is divided by two prescalers, a divide-by-two and a
divide-by-16 prescaler. For programming of the watchdog timer overflow rate, the upper 7 bits of the
watchdog timer can be written. Figure 24 shows the block diagram of the watchdog timer unit.
0
f OSC / 6
7
16
2
WDTL
14
WDT Reset - Request
8
WDTH
IP0 (A9 H )
WDTPSEL
OWDS WDTS
External HW Reset
7 6
0
WDTREL (86 H )
Control Logic
WDT
IEN0 (A8 H )
SWDT
IEN1 (B8 H )
MCB03306
Figure 24
Block Diagram of the Programmable Watchdog Timer
The watchdog timer can be started by software (bit SWDT in SFR IEN1) but it cannot be stopped
during active mode of the device. If the software fails to refresh the running watchdog timer an
internal reset will be initiated on watchdog timer overflow. For refreshing of the watchdog timer the
content of the SFR WDTREL is transfered to the upper 7-bit of the watchdog timer. The refresh
sequence consists of two consequtive instructions which set the bits WDT and SWDT each. The
reset cause (external reset or reset caused by the watchdog) can be examined by software (flag
WDTS). It must be noted, however, that the watchdog timer is halted during the idle mode and
power down mode of the processor.
Data Sheet
46
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Oscillator Watchdog
The oscillator watchdog unit serves for three functions:
– Monitoring of the on-chip oscillator's function
The watchdog supervises the on-chip oscillator's frequency; if it is lower than the frequency
of the auxiliary RC oscillator in the watchdog unit, the internal clock is supplied by the RC
oscillator and the device is brought into reset; if the failure condition disappears (i.e. the onchip oscillator has a higher frequency than the RC oscillator), the part, in order to allow the
oscillator to stabilize, executes a final reset phase of typ. 1 ms; then the oscillator watchdog
reset is released and the part starts program execution from address 0000H again.
– Fast internal reset after power-on
The oscillator watchdog unit provides a clock supply for the reset before the on-chip oscillator
has started. The oscillator watchdog unit also works identically to the monitoring function.
– Control of external wake-up from software power-down mode
When the power-down mode is left by a low level at the P3.2/INT0 pin or the P4.1/RXDC pin,
the oscillator watchdog unit assures that the microcontroller resumes operation (execution of
the power-down wake-up interrupt) with the nominal clock rate. In the power-down mode the
RC oscillator and the on-chip oscillator are stopped. Both oscillators are started again when
power-down mode is released. When the on-chip oscillator has a higher frequency than the
RC oscillator, the microcontroller starts program execution by processing a power down
interrupt after a final delay of typ. 1 ms in order to allow the on-chip oscillator to stabilize.
Data Sheet
47
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
EWPD
(PCON1.7)
WS
(PCON1.4)
Power - Down
Mode Activated
Power-Down Mode
Wake - Up Interrupt
P4.1 / RXDC
P3.2 / INT0
Control
Logic
Control
Logic
Internal Reset
Start /
Stop
RC
Oscillator
f RC
3 MHz
Start /
Stop
XTAL1
XTAL2
10
f1
f2
Frequency
Comparator
On-Chip
Oscillator
f 2 <f 1
Delay
>1
IP0 (A9 H )
OWDS
Int. Clock
MCB03308
Figure 25
Functional Block Diagram of the Oscillator Watchdog
Data Sheet
48
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Power Saving Modes
The C505 provides two basic power saving modes, the idle mode and the power down mode.
Additionally, a slow down mode is available. This power saving mode reduces the internal clock rate
in normal operating mode and it can be also used for further power reduction in idle mode.
– Idle mode
In the idle mode the main oscillator of the C505 continues to run, but the CPU is gated off from
the clock signal. All peripheral units are further provided with the clock. The CPU status is
preserved in its entirety. The idle mode can be terminated by any enabled interrupt of a
peripheral unit or by a hardware reset.
– Power down mode
The operation of the C505 is completely stopped and the oscillator is turned off. This mode is
used to save the contents of the internal RAM with a very low standby current. Power down
mode is entered by software and can be left by reset or by a short low pulse at pin P3.2/
INT0.or P4.1/RXDC.
– Slow down mode
The controller keeps up the full operating functionality, but its normal clock frequency is
internally divided by 32. This slows down all parts of the controller, the CPU and all
peripherals, to 1/32-th of their normal operating frequency. Slowing down the frequency
significantly reduces power consumption.
In the power down mode of operation, VDD can be reduced to minimize power consumption. It must
be ensured, however, that VDD is not reduced before the power down mode is invoked, and that VDD
is restored to its normal operating level, before the power down mode is terminated. Table 10 gives
a general overview of the entry and exit procedures of the power saving modes.
Table 10
Power Saving Modes Overview
Mode
Entering
(Instruction
Example)
Leaving by
Remarks
Idle Mode
ORL PCON, #01H
ORL PCON, #20H
Ocurrence of an
interrupt from a
peripheral unit
CPU clock is stopped;
CPU maintains their data;
peripheral units are active (if
enabled) and provided with
clock
Hardware Reset
Power Down Mode
Slow Down Mode
Data Sheet
ORL PCON, #02H
ORL PCON, #40H
ORL PCON,#10H
Hardware Reset
Short low pulse at
pin P3.2/INT0 or
P4.1/RXDC
ANL PCON,#0EFH
or
Hardware Reset
49
Oscillator is stopped;
contents of on-chip RAM and
SFR’s are maintained;
Oscillator frequency is
reduced to 1/32 of its nominal
frequency
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
OTP Memory Operation (C505A-4E and C505CA-4E only)
The C505A-4E/C505CA-4E contains a 32K byte one-time programmable (OTP) program memory.
With the C505A-4E/C505CA-4E fast programming cycles are achieved (1 byte in 100 µsec). Also
several levels of OTP memory protection can be selected.
For programming of the device, the C505A-4E/C505CA-4E must be put into the programming
mode. This typically is done not in-system but in a special programming hardware. In the
programming mode the C505A-4E/C505CA-4E operates as a slave device similar as an EPROM
standalone memory device and must be controlled with address/data information, control lines, and
an external 11.5V programming voltage. Figure 26 shows the pins of the C505A-4E/C505CA-4E
which are required for controlling of the OTP programming mode.
VDD
A0-A7 /
A8-A14
PALE
PMSEL0
PMSEL1
Port 2
VSS
Port 0
C505A-4E
C505CA-4E
D0-D7
EA/VPP
PROG
PRD
RESET
XTAL1
XTAL2
PSEN
PSEL
Figure 26
Programming Mode Configuration
Data Sheet
50
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
D4
D5
D6
D7
EA / VPP
N.C.
PROG
PSEN
A7
A6 / A14
A5 / A13
Pin Configuration in Programming Mode
D3
D2
D1
D0
N.C.
N.C.
N.C.
N.C.
N.C.
N.C.
N.C.
33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23
22
34
18
A4 / A12
A3 / A11
A2 / A10
A1 / A9
A0 / A8
17
VDD
40
16
41
15
42
14
43
13
VSS
XTAL1
XTAL2
N.C.
N.C.
35
21
36
20
37
19
C505A-4E
C505CA-4E
38
39
44
2
3
4
5
6 7
8
12
9 10 11
N.C.
N.C.
N.C.
RESET
PMSEL0
N.C.
PMSEL1
PSEL
PRD
PALE
N.C.
1
Figure 27
P-MQFP-44 Pin Configuration of the C505A-4E/C505CA-4E in Programming Mode (Top View)
Data Sheet
51
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
The following Table 11 contains the functional description of all C505A-4E/C505CA-4E pins which
are required for OTP memory programming.
Table 11
Pin Definitions and Functions in Programming Mode
Symbol
Pin Number I/O
Function
*)
RESET
4
I
Reset
This input must be at static “1“ (active) level during the whole
programming mode.
PMSEL0
PMSEL1
5
7
I
I
Programming mode selection pins
These pins are used to select the different access modes in
programming mode. PMSEL1,0 must satisfy a setup time to the
rising edge of PALE. When the logic level of PMSEL1,0 is
changed, PALE must be at low level.
PMSEL1
PMSEL0
Access Mode
0
0
Reserved
0
1
Read version bytes
1
0
Program/read lock bits
1
1
Program/read OTP memory byte
PSEL
8
I
Basic programming mode select
This input is used for the basic programming mode selection
and must be switched according Figure 28.
PRD
9
I
Programming mode read strobe
This input is used for read access control for OTP memory read,
Version Register read, and lock bit read operations.
PALE
10
I
Programming address latch enable
PALE is used to latch the high address lines. The high address
lines must satisfy a setup and hold time to/from the falling edge
of PALE. PALE must be at low level when the logic level of
PMSEL1,0 is changed.
XTAL2
14
O
XTAL2
Output of the inverting oscillator amplifier.
XTAL1
15
I
XTAL1
Input to the oscillator amplifier.
VSS
16
–
Circuit ground potential
must be applied in programming mode.
VDD
17
–
Power supply terminal
must be applied in programming mode.
*) I = Input
O = Output
Data Sheet
52
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Table 11
Pin Definitions and Functions in Programming Mode (cont’d)
Symbol
Pin Number I/O
Function
*)
P2.0-7
18-25
I
Address lines
P2.0-7 are used as multiplexed address input lines A0-A7 and
A8-A14. A8-A14 must be latched with PALE.
PSEN
26
I
Program store enable
This input must be at static “0“ level during the whole
programming mode.
PROG
27
I
Programming mode write strobe
This input is used in programming mode as a write strobe for
OTP memory program, and lock bit write operations During
basic programming mode selection a low level must be applied
to PROG.
EA/VPP
29
–
External Access / Programming voltage
This pin must be at 11.5V (VPP) voltage level during
programming of an OTP memory byte or lock bit. During an
OTP memory read operation this pin must be at VIH high level.
This pin is also used for basic programming mode selection. At
basic programming mode selection a low level must be applied
to EA/VPP.
D7-0
30-37
I/O
Data lines 0-7
During programming mode, data bytes are transferred via the
bidirectional port 0 data lines.
N.C.
1-3, 6, 11-13,
28, 38-44
–
Not Connected
These pins should not be connected in programming mode.
*) I = Input
O = Output
Data Sheet
53
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Basic Programming Mode Selection
The basic programming mode selection scheme is shown in Figure 28.
5V
VDD
Clock
(XTAL1/XTAL2)
stable
RESET
“1“
PSEN
“0“
0,1
PMSEL1,0
“0“
PROG
PRD
“1“
PSEL
“0“
PALE
EA/VPP
0V
During this period signals
are not actively driven
VPP
VIH
Ready for access
mode selection
Figure 28
Basic Programming Mode Selection
Data Sheet
54
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Table 12
Access Modes Selection
Access Mode
EA/
VPP
Program OTP memory byte
VPP
Read OTP memory byte
VIH
Program OTP lock bits
VPP
Read OTP lock bits
VIH
H
Read OTP version byte
VIH
H
PROG
PRD
PMSEL
Address
(Port 2)
Data
(Port 0)
1
0
H
H
H
A0-7
A8-14
D0-7
H
H
L
–
D1,D0 see
Table 13
L
H
Byte addr.
of sign. byte
D0-7
H
Lock Bits Programming / Read
The C505A-4E/C505CA-4E has two programmable lock bits which, when programmed according
to Table 13, provide four levels of protection for the on-chip OTP code memory. The state of the
lock bits can also be read.
Table 13
Lock Bit Protection Types
Lock Bits at D1,D0
D1
D0
Protection Protection Type
Level
1
1
Level 0
The OTP lock feature is disabled. During normal operation of
the C505A-4E/C505CA-4E, the state of the EA pin is not
latched on reset.
1
0
Level 1
During normal operation of the C505A-4E/C505CA-4E, MOVC
instructions executed from external program memory are
disabled from fetching code bytes from internal memory. EA is
sampled and latched on reset. An OTP memory read operation
is only possible using the ROM/OTP verification mode 2 for
protection level 1. Further programming of the OTP memory is
disabled (reprogramming security).
0
1
Level 2
Same as level 1, but also OTP memory read operation using
OTP verification mode is disabled.
0
0
Level 3
Same as level 2; but additionally external code execution by
setting EA=low during normal operation of the C505A-4E/
C505CA-4E is no more possible.
External code execution, which is initiated by an internal
program (e.g. by an internal jump instruction above the ROM
boundary), is still possible.
Data Sheet
55
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Parameter
Symbol
Limit Values
Unit Notes
min.
max.
TST
– 65
150
°C
–
Voltage on VDD pins with respect VDD
to ground (VSS)
– 0.5
6.5
V
–
Voltage on any pin with respect
to ground (VSS)
– 0.5
VDD + 0.5
V
–
– 10
10
mA
–
| 100 mA |
mA
–
1
W
–
Storage temperature
VIN
Input current on any pin during
overload condition
Absolute sum of all input currents
during overload condition
Power dissipation
PDISS
Note: Stresses above those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent
damage of the device. This is a stress rating only and functional operation of the device at
these or any other conditions above those indicated in the operational sections of this
specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for longer
periods may affect device reliability. During absolute maximum rating overload conditions
(VIN > VDD or VIN < VSS) the voltage on VDD pins with respect to ground (VSS) must not
exceed the values defined by the absolute maximum ratings.
Data Sheet
56
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Operating Conditions
Parameter
Symbol
Supply voltage
VDD
Limit Values
min.
max.
4.25
5.5
Unit
Notes
V
Active mode,
fosc max = 20 MHz
2
Ground voltage
VSS
5.5
0
Ambient temperature
SAB-C505 TA
0
70
SAF-C505 TA
-40
85
SAH-C505 TA
-40
110
SAK-C505 TA
-40
125
V
PowerDown mode
V
Reference voltage
°C
–
Analog reference
voltage
VAREF
4
VDD + 0.1
V
–
Analog ground voltage
VAGND
VSS – 0.1
VSS + 0.2
V
–
Analog input voltage
VAIN
VAGND -0.2
VAREF +0.2
V
–
XTAL clock
fosc
2
20
(with 50% duty
cycle)
MHz
1)
1) For the extended temperature range -40 °C to 110 °C (SAH) and -40 °C to 125 °C (SAK), the
devices C505-2R, C505-L, C505C-2R and C505C-L have the max. operating frequency of
16MHz with 50% clock duty cycle.
Parameter Interpretation
The parameters listed in the following partly represent the characteristics of the C505 and partly its
demands on the system. To aid in interpreting the parameters right, when evaluating them for a
design, they are marked in column “Symbol”:
CC (Controller Characteristics):
The logic of the C505 will provide signals with the respective characteristics.
SR (System Requirement):
The external system must provide signals with the respective characteristics to the C505.
Data Sheet
57
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
DC Characteristics
(Operating Conditions apply)
Parameter
Symbol
Limit Values
Unit Test Condition
min.
max.
0.2 VDD - 0.1 V
0.2 VDD - 0.3 V
0.2 VDD + 0.1 V
Input low voltages
all except EA, RESET
EA pin
RESET pin
VIL
VIL1
VIL2
– 0.5
– 0.5
– 0.5
Input high voltages
all except XTAL1, RESET
XTAL1 pin
RESET pin
VIH
VIH1
VIH2
0.2 VDD + 0.9 VDD + 0.5
0.7 VDD
VDD + 0.5
0.6 VDD
VDD + 0.5
V
V
V
–
–
–
Output low voltages
Ports 1, 2, 3, 4
Port 0, ALE, PSEN
VOL
VOL1
–
–
0.45
0.45
V
V
IOL = 1.6 mA 1)
IOL = 3.2 mA 1)
Output high voltages
Ports 1, 2, 3, 4
VOH
2.4
0.9 VDD
2.4
0.9 VDD
–
–
–
–
V
V
V
V
IOH = – 80 µA
IOH = – 10 µA
IOH = – 800 µA
IOH = – 80 µA 2)
IIL
– 10
– 70
µA
VIN = 0.45 V
Logical 1-to-0 transition current ITL
Ports 1, 2, 3, 4
– 65
– 650
µA
VIN = 2 V
–
±1
µA
0.45 < VIN < VDD
Port 0 in external bus mode,
ALE, PSEN
Logic 0 input current
Ports 1, 2, 3, 4
Input leakage current
Port 0, AN0-7 (Port 1), EA
VOH2
ILI
–
–
–
14)
Input high current to RESET
IIH
5
100
µA
0.6 VDD <VIN<VDD
Pin capacitance
CIO
–
10
pF
fc = 1 MHz,
TA = 25 °C
Overload current
IOV
–
±5
mA
Programming voltage
VPP
10.9
12.1
V
11.5 V ± 5% 5)
30
mA
6)
Supply current at EA/VPP
3) 4)
Notes see Page 60
Data Sheet
58
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Power Supply Currents
Parameter
Symbol
Limit Values
12)
typ.
max.
Unit Test Condition
13)
Active Mode
12 MHz
20 MHz
IDD
IDD
19.3
31.3
27.0
39
mA
7)
Idle Mode
12 MHz
20 MHz
IDD
IDD
10.3
16.2
13.0
21.0
mA
8)
Active Mode with
12 MHz
slow-down enabled 20 MHz
IDD
IDD
3.9
4.8
5.5
7.5
mA
9)
Idle Mode with
12 MHz
slow-down enabled 20 MHz
IDD
IDD
3.2
4.0
5.0
7.0
mA
10)
Power down mode
IPD
10
50
µA
VDD = 2..5.5 V 11)
16 MHz
20 MHz
IDD
IDD
28.7
35.2
30.7
37.6
mA
7)
16 MHz
20 MHz
IDD
IDD
14.9
17.7
15.9
18.9
mA
8)
Active Mode with
16 MHz
slow-down enabled 20 MHz
IDD
IDD
9.9
12.3
12.8
15.6
mA
9)
Idle Mode with
16 MHz
slow-down enabled 20 MHz
IDD
IDD
5.1
6.3
5.6
6.8
mA
10)
Power down mode
IPD
5.6
20
µA
VDD = 2..5.5 V 11)
C505A-4R / Active Mode
16 MHz
C505CA-4R
20 MHz
/C505A-2R / Idle Mode
16 MHz
C505CA-2R
20 MHz
/C505A-L /
Active Mode with
16 MHz
C505CA-L
slow-down enabled 20 MHz
IDD
IDD
22.8
27.6
29.2
35.3
mA
7)
IDD
IDD
12.7
15.0
16.3
19.3
mA
8)
IDD
IDD
6.6
7.3
8.2
9.3
mA
9)
Idle Mode with
16 MHz
slow-down enabled 20 MHz
IDD
IDD
5.0
5.3
5.9
6.5
mA
10)
Power down mode
IPD
5.3
30
µA
VDD = 2..5.5 V 11)
C505 /
C505C
C505A-4E
Active Mode
/C505CA-4E
Idle Mode
Notes see Page 60
Data Sheet
59
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Note:
1) Capacitive loading on ports 0 and 2 may cause spurious noise pulses to be superimposed on the VOL of ALE
and port 3. The noise is due to external bus capacitance discharging into the port 0 and port 2 pins when these
pins make 1-to-0 transitions during bus operation. In the worst case (capacitive loading > 100 pF), the noise
pulse on ALE line may exceed 0.8 V. In such cases it may be desirable to qualify ALE with a schmitt-trigger,
or use an address latch with a schmitt-trigger strobe input.
2) Capacitive loading on ports 0 and 2 may cause the VOH on ALE and PSEN to momentarily fall below the
0.9 VDD specification when the address lines are stabilizing.
3) Overload conditions under operating conditions occur if the voltage on the respective pin exceeds the specified
operating range (i.e. VOV > VDD + 0.5 V or VOV < VSS - 0.5 V). The absolute sum of input currents on all port
pins may not exceed 50 mA. The supply voltage VDD and VSS must remain within the specified limits.
4) Not 100% tested, guaranteed by design characterization.
5) Only valid for C505A-4E and C505CA-4E.
6) Only valid for C505A-4E and C505CA-4E in programming mode.
7)
IDD (active mode) is measured with:
XTAL1 driven with tR , tF = 5 ns, 50% duty cycle , VIL = VSS + 0.5 V, VIH = VDD – 0.5 V; XTAL2 = N.C.;
EA = Port 0 = RESET =VDD ; all other pins are disconnected.
8)
IDD (idle mode) is measured with all output pins disconnected and with all peripherals disabled;
XTAL1 driven with tR , tF = 5 ns, 50% duty cycle, VIL = VSS + 0.5 V, VIH = VDD – 0.5 V; XTAL2 = N.C.;
RESET = EA = VSS ; Port0 = VDD ; all other pins are disconnected; the microcontroller is put into idle mode by
software;
9)
IDD (active mode with slow-down mode) is measured with all output pins disconnected and with all peripherals
disabled;
XTAL1 driven with tR , tF = 5 ns, 50% duty cycle, VIL = VSS + 0.5 V, VIH = VDD – 0.5 V; XTAL2 = N.C.;
RESET = EA = VSS ; all other pins are disconnected; the microcontroller is put into slow-down mode by
software;
10) IDD (idle mode with slow-down mode) is measured with all output pins disconnected and with all peripherals
disabled;
XTAL1 driven with tR , tF = 5 ns, 50% duty cycle, VIL = VSS + 0.5 V, VIH = VDD – 0.5 V; XTAL2 = N.C.;
RESET = EA = VSS ; Port0 = VDD ; all other pins are disconnected; the microcontroller is put into idle mode
with slow-down enabled by software;
11) IPD (power-down mode) is measured under following conditions:
Port 0 = EA = VDD ; RESET =VSS ; XTAL2 = N.C.; XTAL1 = VSS ; VAGND = VSS ; VAREF = VDD ;
all other pins are disconnected.
12) The typical IDD values are periodically measured at TA = +25 °C but not 100% tested.
13) The maximum IDD values are measured under worst case conditions (TA = 0 °C or -40 °C and VDD = 5.5 V)
14) The values are valid for C505CA-4R, C505CA-2R, C505CA-L, C505A-4R, C505A-2R and C505A-L only.
Data Sheet
60
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
IDD
C505
C505C
[mA]
40
35
30
25
t
Ac
ive
e
od
M
20
A
ive
ct
M
IDD max
IDD typ
e
od
Idl
od
eM
e
de
Mo
e
l
Id
15
10
own
Slow-d
+
e
d
o
M
Active
5
ow-down
Idle Mode+Sl
4
8
12
16
20
fOSC
[MHz]
Figure 29
IDD Diagram of C505 and C505C
C505/C505C : Power Supply Current Calculation Formulas
Parameter
Symbol
Formula
Active mode
IDD typ
IDD max
1.5 * fOSC + 1.3
1.5 * fOSC + 9.0
Idle mode
IDD typ
IDD max
0.74 * fOSC + 1.4
1.0 * fOSC + 1.0
Active mode with
slow-down enabled
IDD typ
IDD max
0.11 * fOSC + 2.6
0.25 * fOSC + 2.5
Idle mode with
slow-down enabled
IDD typ
IDD max
0.1 * fOSC + 2.0
0.25 * fOSC + 2.0
Note:
fosc is the oscillator frequency in MHz. IDD values are given in mA.
Data Sheet
61
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
C505A-4E
C505CA-4E
IDD
[mA]
40
35
30
t
Ac
25
ive
M
e
od
IDD max
IDD typ
20
Idle
de
Mo
15
10
ve
Acti
n
-dow
Slow
+
e
Mod
5
wn
+Slow-do
Idle Mode
4
8
12
16
20
fOSC
[MHz]
Figure 30
IDD Diagram of C505A-4E and C505CA-4E
C505A-4E/C505CA-4E : Power Supply Current Calculation Formulas
Parameter
Symbol
Formula
Active mode
IDD typ
IDD max
1.63 * fOSC + 2.6
1.74 * fOSC + 2.8
Idle mode
IDD typ
IDD max
0.69 * fOSC + 3.9
0.74 * fOSC + 4.1
Active mode with
slow-down enabled
IDD typ
IDD max
0.6 * fOSC + 0.3
0.7 * fOSC + 1.6
Idle mode with
slow-down enabled
IDD typ
IDD max
0.3 * fOSC + 0.3
0.3 * fOSC + 0.8
Note:
fosc is the oscillator frequency in MHz. IDD values are given in mA.
Data Sheet
62
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
C505A-4R
C505A-2R
C505A-L
C505CA-4R
C505CA-2R
C505CA-L
IDD
[mA]
40
35
30
25
20
t
Ac
ive
M
IDD max
IDD typ
e
od
Id l e
Mo
de
15
-down
+Slow
e
d
o
M
Active
10
5
Idle Mode+Slow-down
4
8
12
16
20
fOSC
[MHz]
Figure 31
IDD Diagram of C505A-4R/C505A-2R/C505A-L/C505CA-4R/C505CA-2R/C505CA-L
C505A-4R/C505A-2R/C505A-L/C505CA-4R/C505CA-2R/C505CA-L :
Power Supply Current Calculation Formulas
Parameter
Symbol
Formula
Active mode
IDD typ
IDD max
1.19 * fOSC + 3.77
1.54 * fOSC + 4.47
Idle mode
IDD typ
IDD max
0.57 * fOSC + 3.55
0.75 * fOSC + 4.26
Active mode with
slow-down enabled
IDD typ
IDD max
0.18 * fOSC + 3.74
0.28 * fOSC + 3.67
Idle mode with
slow-down enabled
IDD typ
IDD max
0.07 * fOSC + 3.91
0.14 * fOSC + 3.64
Note:
fosc is the oscillator frequency in MHz. IDD values are given in mA.
Data Sheet
63
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
A/D Converter Characteristics of C505 and C505C
(Operating Conditions apply)
Parameter
Symbol
VAIN
Analog input voltage
Limit Values
min.
max.
VAGND -
VAREF +
0.2
0.2
Unit
Test Condition
V
1)
Sample time
tS
–
64 x tIN
32 x tIN
16 x tIN
8 x tIN
ns
Prescaler ÷ 32
Prescaler ÷ 16
Prescaler ÷ 8
Prescaler ÷ 4 2)
Conversion cycle time
tADCC
–
320 x tIN
160 x tIN
80 x tIN
40 x tIN
ns
Prescaler ÷ 32
Prescaler ÷ 16
Prescaler ÷ 8
Prescaler ÷ 4 3)
Total unadjusted error
TUE
–
±2
LSB
VSS+0.5V ≤ VAIN ≤ VDD-0.5V 4)
Internal resistance of
reference voltage source
RAREF
–
tADC / 500 kΩ
Internal resistance of
analog source
RASRC
ADC input capacitance
CAIN
tADC in [ns]
5) 6)
-1
tS / 500
–
kΩ
tS in [ns]
pF
6)
2) 6)
-1
–
50
Notes see next page.
Clock calculation table :
Clock Prescaler ADCL1, 0
Ratio
tADC
tS
tADCC
÷ 32
1
1
32 x tIN
64 x tIN
320 x tIN
÷ 16
1
0
16 x tIN
32 x tIN
160 x tIN
÷8
0
1
8 x tIN
16 x tIN
80 x tIN
÷4
0
0
4 x tIN
8 x tIN
40 x tIN
Further timing conditions : tADC min = 800 ns
tIN = 1 / fOSC = tCLP
Data Sheet
64
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Note:
1) VAIN may exeed VAGND or VAREF up to the absolute maximum ratings. However, the conversion result in
these cases will be 00H or FFH, respectively.
2) During the sample time the input capacitance CAIN must be charged/discharged by the external source. The
internal resistance of the analog source must allow the capacitance to reach their final voltage level within tS.
After the end of the sample time tS, changes of the analog input voltage have no effect on the conversion result.
3) This parameter includes the sample time tS, the time for determining the digital result. Values for the
conversion clock tADC depend on programming and can be taken from the table on the previous page.
4) TUE (max.) is tested at –40 ≤ TA ≤=125 °C ; VDD ≤ 5.5 V; VAREF ≤ VDD + 0.1 V and VSS=≤ VAGND. It is
guaranteed by design characterization for all other voltages within the defined voltage range.
If an overload condition occurs on maximum 2 unused analog input pins and the absolute sum of input overload
currents on all analog input pins does not exceed 10 mA, an additional conversion error of 1/2 LSB is
permissible.
5) During the conversion the ADC’s capacitance must be repeatedly charged or discharged. The internal
resistance of the reference source must allow the capacitance to reach their final voltage level within the
indicated time. The maximum internal resistance results from the programmed conversion timing.
6) Not 100% tested, but guaranteed by design characterization.
Data Sheet
65
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
A/D Converter Characteristics of C505A and C505CA
(Operating Conditions apply)
Parameter
Symbol
Limit Values
min.
max.
Unit
Test Condition
1)
Analog input voltage
VAIN
VAGND
VAREF
V
Sample time
tS
–
64 x tIN
32 x tIN
16 x tIN
8 x tIN
ns
Prescaler ÷ 32
Prescaler ÷ 16
Prescaler ÷ 8
Prescaler ÷ 4 2)
Conversion cycle time
tADCC
–
384 x tIN
192 x tIN
96 x tIN
48 x tIN
ns
Prescaler ÷ 32
Prescaler ÷ 16
Prescaler ÷ 8
Prescaler ÷ 4 3)
Total unadjusted error
TUE
–
±2
LSB
VSS+0.5V ≤ VAIN ≤ VDD-0.5V 4)
–
±4
LSB
VSS < VAIN < VDD+0.5V
VDD - 0.5 V < VAIN < VDD
Internal resistance of
reference voltage source
RAREF
Internal resistance of
analog source
RASRC
ADC input capacitance
CAIN
tADC / 250 kΩ
–
tADC in [ns]
4)
5) 6)
- 0.25
tS / 500
–
kΩ
tS in [ns]
pF
6)
2) 6)
- 0.25
–
50
Notes see next page.
Clock calculation table :
Clock Prescaler ADCL1, 0
Ratio
tADC
tS
tADCC
÷ 32
1
1
32 x tIN
64 x tIN
384 x tIN
÷ 16
1
0
16 x tIN
32 x tIN
192 x tIN
÷8
0
1
8 x tIN
16 x tIN
96 x tIN
÷4
0
0
4 x tIN
8 x tIN
48 x tIN
Further timing conditions : tADC min = 500 ns
tIN = 1 / fOSC = tCLP
Data Sheet
66
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
Note:
1) VAIN may exeed VAGND or VAREF up to the absolute maximum ratings. However, the conversion result in
these cases will be X000H or X3FFH, respectively.
2) During the sample time the input capacitance CAIN must be charged/discharged by the external source. The
internal resistance of the analog source must allow the capacitance to reach their final voltage level within tS.
After the end of the sample time tS, changes of the analog input voltage have no effect on the conversion result.
3) This parameter includes the sample time tS, the time for determining the digital result and the time for the
calibration. Values for the conversion clock tADC depend on programming and can be taken from the table on
the previous page.
4) TUE is tested at VAREF = 5.0 V, VAGND = 0 V, VDD = 4.9 V. It is guaranteed by design characterization for all
other voltages within the defined voltage range.
If an overload condition occurs on maximum 2 unused analog input pins and the absolute sum of input overload
currents on all analog input pins does not exceed 10 mA, an additional conversion error of 1/2 LSB is
permissible.
5) During the conversion the ADC’s capacitance must be repeatedly charged or discharged. The internal
resistance of the reference source must allow the capacitance to reach their final voltage level within the
indicated time. The maximum internal resistance results from the programmed conversion timing.
6) Not 100% tested, but guaranteed by design characterization.
Data Sheet
67
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
AC Characteristics (16 MHz, 0.4 to 0.6 Duty Cycle)
(Operating Conditions apply)
(CL for port 0, ALE and PSEN outputs = 100 pF; CL for all other outputs = 80 pF)
Program Memory Characteristics
Parameter
Symbol
Limit Values
Unit
16-MHz clock
Variable Clock
Duty Cycle 1/CLP= 2 MHz to 16 MHz
0.4 to 0.6
min.
max.
min.
max.
ALE pulse width
tLHLL
48
–
CLP - 15
–
ns
Address setup to ALE
tAVLL
10
–
TCLHmin -15
–
ns
Address hold after ALE
tLLAX
10
–
TCLHmin -15 –
ns
ALE to valid instruction in
tLLIV
–
75
–
2 CLP - 50
ns
ALE to PSEN
tLLPL
10
–
TCLLmin -15
–
ns
PSEN pulse width
tPLPH
73
–
CLP+
TCLHmin -15
–
ns
PSEN to valid instruction in
tPLIV
–
38
–
CLP+
ns
TCLHmin- 50
Input instruction hold after PSEN
tPXIX
0
–
0
–
ns
Input instruction float after PSEN
tPXIZ *)
–
15
–
TCLLmin -10
ns
Address valid after PSEN
tPXAV *)
20
–
TCLLmin - 5
–
ns
Address to valid instruction in
tAVIV
–
95
–
2 CLP +
TCLHmin -55
ns
Address float to PSEN
tAZPL
-5
–
-5
–
ns
*)
Interfacing the C505 to devices with float times up to 20 ns is permissible. This limited bus contention will not
cause any damage to port 0 drivers.
Data Sheet
68
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
AC Characteristics (16 MHz, 0.4 to 0.6 Duty Cycle, cont’d)
External Data Memory Characteristics
Parameter
Symbol
Limit Values
16-MHz clock
Duty Cycle
0.4 to 0.6
Unit
Variable Clock
1/CLP= 2 MHz to 16 MHz
min.
max.
min.
max.
RD pulse width
tRLRH
158
–
3 CLP - 30
–
ns
WR pulse width
tWLWH
158
–
3 CLP - 30
–
ns
Address hold after ALE
tLLAX2
48
–
CLP - 15
–
ns
RD to valid data in
tRLDV
–
100
–
2 CLP+
TCLHmin - 50
ns
Data hold after RD
tRHDX
0
–
0
–
ns
Data float after RD
tRHDZ
–
51
–
CLP - 12
ns
ALE to valid data in
tLLDV
–
200
–
4 CLP - 50
ns
Address to valid data in
tAVDV
–
200
–
4 CLP +
TCLHmin -75
ns
ALE to WR or RD
tLLWL
73
103
CLP +
TCLLmin - 15
CLP+
TCLLmin+ 15
ns
Address valid to WR
tAVWL
95
–
2 CLP - 30
–
ns
WR or RD high to ALE high
tWHLH
10
40
TCLHmin - 15
TCLHmin + 15
ns
Data valid to WR transition
tQVWX
5
–
TCLLmin - 20
–
ns
Data setup before WR
tQVWH
163
–
3 CLP +
TCLLmin - 50
–
ns
Data hold after WR
tWHQX
5
–
TCLHmin - 20
–
ns
Address float after RD
tRLAZ
–
0
–
0
ns
Data Sheet
69
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
AC Characteristics (16 MHz, 0.4 to 0.6 Duty Cycle, cont’d)
External Clock Drive Characteristics
Parameter
Symbol
CPU Clock = 16 MHz
Duty Cycle 0.4 to 0.6
Variable CPU Clock
1/CLP = 2 to 16 MHz
min.
max.
min.
max.
Unit
Oscillator period
CLP
62.5
62.5
62.5
500
ns
High time
TCLH
25
–
25
CLP - TCLL
ns
Low time
TCLL
25
–
25
CLP - TCLH
ns
Rise time
tR
–
10
–
10
ns
Fall time
tF
–
10
–
10
ns
Oscillator duty cycle
DC
0.4
0.6
25 / CLP
1 - 25 / CLP
–
Clock cycle
TCL
25
37.5
CLP * DCmin
CLP * DCmax ns
Note: The 16 MHz values in the tables are given as an example for a typical duty cycle variation of
the oscillator clock from 0.4 to 0.6.
Data Sheet
70
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
AC Characteristics (20 MHz, 0.5 Duty Cycle)
(Operating Conditions apply)
(CL for port 0, ALE and PSEN outputs = 100 pF; CL for all other outputs = 80 pF)
Program Memory Characteristics
Parameter
Symbol
Limit Values
Unit
20 MHz clock
Variable Clock
0.5 Duty Cycle 1/CLP = 2 MHz to 20 MHz
min.
max.
min.
max.
ALE pulse width
tLHLL
35
–
CLP - 15
–
ns
Address setup to ALE
tAVLL
10
–
CLP/2 - 15
–
ns
Address hold after ALE
tLLAX
10
–
CLP/2 - 15
–
ns
ALE to valid instruction in
tLLIV
–
55
–
2 CLP - 45
ns
ALE to PSEN
tLLPL
10
–
CLP/2 - 15
–
ns
PSEN pulse width
tPLPH
60
–
3/2 CLP
- 15
–
ns
PSEN to valid instruction in
tPLIV
–
25
–
3/2 CLP
- 50
ns
Input instruction hold after PSEN
tPXIX
0
–
0
–
ns
Input instruction float after PSEN
tPXIZ *)
–
20
–
CLP/2 - 5
ns
Address valid after PSEN
tPXAV *)
20
–
CLP/2 - 5
–
ns
Address to valid instruction in
tAVIV
–
65
–
5/2 CLP
- 60
ns
Address float to PSEN
tAZPL
-5
–
-5
–
ns
*)
Interfacing the C505 to devices with float times up to 20 ns is permissible. This limited bus contention will not
cause any damage to port 0 drivers.
Data Sheet
71
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
AC Characteristics (20 MHz, 0.5 Duty Cycle, cont’d)
External Data Memory Characteristics
Parameter
Symbol
Limit Values
20 MHz clock
0.5 Duty Cycle
Unit
Variable Clock
1/CLP = 2 MHz to 20 MHz
min.
max.
min.
max.
RD pulse width
tRLRH
120
–
3 CLP - 30
–
ns
WR pulse width
tWLWH
120
–
3 CLP - 30
–
ns
Address hold after ALE
tLLAX2
35
–
CLP - 15
–
ns
RD to valid data in
tRLDV
–
75
–
5/2 CLP- 50
ns
Data hold after RD
tRHDX
0
–
0
–
ns
Data float after RD
tRHDZ
–
38
–
CLP - 12
ns
ALE to valid data in
tLLDV
–
150
–
4 CLP - 50
ns
Address to valid data in
tAVDV
–
150
–
9/2 CLP - 75
ns
ALE to WR or RD
tLLWL
60
90
3/2 CLP - 15
3/2 CLP + 15 ns
Address valid to WR
tAVWL
70
–
2 CLP - 30
–
ns
WR or RD high to ALE high
tWHLH
10
40
CLP/2 - 15
CLP/2 + 15
ns
Data valid to WR transition
tQVWX
5
–
CLP/2 - 20
–
ns
Data setup before WR
tQVWH
125
–
7/2 CLP - 50
–
ns
Data hold after WR
tWHQX
5
–
CLP/2 - 20
–
ns
Address float after RD
tRLAZ
–
0
–
0
ns
External Clock Drive Characteristics
Parameter
Symbol
Limit Values
Unit
Variable Clock
Freq. = 2 MHz to 20 MHz
min.
max.
Oscillator period
CLP
50
500
ns
High time
TCLH
15
CLP-TCLL
ns
Low time
TCLL
15
CLP-TCLH
ns
Rise time
tR
–
10
ns
Fall time
tF
–
10
ns
Oscillator duty cycle
DC
0.5
0.5
–
Data Sheet
72
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
t LHLL
ALE
t AVLL
t PLPH
t LLPL
t LLIV
t PLIV
PSEN
t AZPL
t PXAV
t LLAX
t PXIZ
t PXIX
Port 0
A0 - A7
Instr.IN
A0 - A7
t AVIV
Port 2
A8 - A15
A8 - A15
MCT00096
Figure 32
Program Memory Read Cycle
Data Sheet
73
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
t WHLH
ALE
PSEN
t LLDV
t LLWL
t RLRH
RD
t RLDV
t AVLL
t RHDZ
t LLAX2
t RLAZ
Port 0
t RHDX
A0 - A7 from
Ri or DPL
Data IN
A0 - A7
from PCL
Instr.
IN
t AVWL
t AVDV
Port 2
P2.0 - P2.7 or A8 - A15 from DPH
A8 - A15 from PCH
MCT00097
Figure 33
Data Memory Read Cycle
Data Sheet
74
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
t WHLH
ALE
PSEN
t LLWL
t WLWH
WR
t QVWX
t AVLL
t WHQX
t LLAX2
A0 - A7 from
Ri or DPL
Port 0
t QVWH
A0 - A7
from PCL
Data OUT
Instr.IN
t AVWL
Port 2
P2.0 - P2.7 or A8 - A15 from DPH
A8 - A15 from PCH
MCT00098
Figure 34
Data Memory Write Cycle
tR
TCL H
tF
0.7V
0.7
V DD
DD
0.2V
- 0.1
0.2 V DD
- 0.1
XTAL1
DD
TCL L
CLP
MCT03310
Figure 35
External Clock Drive on XTAL1
Data Sheet
75
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
AC Characteristics of Programming Mode (C505A-4E and C505CA-4E only)
VDD = 5 V ± 10 %; VPP = 11.5 V ± 5 %;
TA = 25 °C ± 10 °C
Parameter
Symbol
Limit Values
min.
max.
Unit
PALE pulse width
tPAW
35
–
PMSEL setup to PALE rising edge
tPMS
10
–
Address setup to PALE, PROG, or PRD
falling edge
tPAS
10
–
ns
Address hold after PALE, PROG, or PRD
falling edge
tPAH
10
–
ns
Address, data setup to PROG or PRD
tPCS
100
–
ns
Address, data hold after PROG or PRD
tPCH
0
–
ns
PMSEL setup to PROG or PRD
tPMS
10
–
ns
PMSEL hold after PROG or PRD
tPMH
10
–
ns
PROG pulse width
tPWW
100
–
µs
PRD pulse width
tPRW
100
–
ns
Address to valid data out
tPAD
–
75
ns
PRD to valid data out
tPRD
–
20
ns
Data hold after PRD
tPDH
0
–
ns
Data float after PRD
tPDF
–
20
ns
PROG high between two consecutive PROG
low pulses
tPWH1
1
–
µs
PRD high between two consecutive PRD low tPWH2
pulses
100
tCLKP
83.3
XTAL clock period
Data Sheet
76
ns
ns
500
ns
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
t PAW
PALE
t PMS
H, H
PMSEL1,0
t PAS
Port 2
t PAH
A8-A14
A0-A7
D0-D7
Port 0
PROG
t PWH
t PCS
t PWW
t PCH
MCT03642
Notes: PRD must be high during a programming write cycle.
Figure 36
Programming Code Byte - Write Cycle Timing
Data Sheet
77
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
t PAW
PALE
t PMS
H, H
PMSEL1,0
t PAS
Port 2
t PAH
A8-A14
A0-A7
t PAD
t PDH
D0-D7
Port 0
t PRD
t PDF
PRD
t PWH
t PCS
t PRW
Notes: PROG must be high during a programming read cycle.
t PCH
MCT03643
Figure 37
Verify Code Byte - Read Cycle Timing
Data Sheet
78
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
PMSEL1,0
H, L
H, L
Port 0
D0, D1
D0, D1
t PCH
t PCS
t PMS
t PMH
PROG
t PDH
t PMS t PRD
t PWW
t PDF
t PRW
PRD
t PMH
MCT03644
Note: PALE should be low during a lock bit read / write cycle.
Figure 38
Lock Bit Access Timing
L, H
PMSEL1,0
e. g. FD H
Port 2
t PCH
D0-7
Port 0
t PCS
t PDH
t PDF
t PRD
t PMS
t PRW
PRD
t PMH
MCT03645
Note: PROG must be high during a programming read cycle.
Figure 39
Version Byte Read Timing
Data Sheet
79
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
ROM/OTP Verification Characteristics for C505
ROM Verification Mode 1 (C505(C)(A)-2R and C505(C)A-4R only)
Parameter
Symbol
Address to valid data
tAVQV
Limit Values
min.
max.
–
5 CLP
P1.0 - P1.7
P2.0 - P2.6
Unit
ns
Address
t AVQV
Port 0
Data OUT
Address: P1.0 - P1.7 = A0 - A7
P2.0 - P2.6
P2.5 = A8 - A14
Data:
P0.0 - P0.7 = D0 - D7
Inputs:P2.6,
P2.7,
PSEN
= V=SS
Inputs:
P2.7,
PSEN
V SS
ALE,
EA
=
V
ALE, EA = V IH IH
RESET
= VIH2
RESET
=V
IH2
Note: P2.6 should be connected to VSS for C505(C)(A)-2RMCT03693
Figure 40
ROM Verification Mode 1
Data Sheet
80
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
ROM/OTP Verification Characteristics for C505 (cont’d)
ROM/OTP Verification Mode 2
Parameter
Symbol
Limit Values
Unit
min.
typ
max.
ALE pulse width
tAWD
–
CLP
–
ns
ALE period
tACY
–
6 CLP
–
ns
Data valid after ALE
tDVA
–
–
2 CLP
ns
Data stable after ALE
tDSA
4 CLP
–
–
ns
P3.5 setup to ALE low
tAS
–
tCL
–
ns
Oscillator frequency
1/ CLP
4
–
6
MHz
t ACY
t AWD
ALE
t DSA
t DVA
Port 0
Data Valid
t AS
P3.5
MCT02613
Figure 41
ROM/OTP Verification Mode 2
Data Sheet
81
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
V DD -0.5 V
0.2 VDD +0.9
Test Points
0.2 VDD -0.1
0.45 V
MCT00039
AC Inputs during testing are driven at VDD - 0.5 V for a logic ’1’ and 0.45 V for a logic ’0’.
Timing measurements are made at VIHmin for a logic ’1’ and VILmax for a logic ’0’.
Figure 42
AC Testing: Input, Output Waveforms
VOH -0.1 V
VLoad +0.1 V
Timing Reference
Points
VLoad
VLoad -0.1 V
VOL +0.1 V
MCT00038
For timing purposes a port pin is no longer floating when a 100 mV change from load voltage
occurs and begins to float when a 100 mV change from the loaded VOH/VOL level occurs.
IOL/IOH ≥ ± 20 mA
Figure 43
AC Testing : Float Waveforms
Crystal Oscillator Mode
Driving from External Source
C
XTAL2
N.C.
2 - 20
MHz
External Oscillator
Signal
C
XTAL2
XTAL1
XTAL1
Crystal Mode: C = 20 pF 10 pF (incl. stray capacitance)
MCS03311
Figure 44
Recommended Oscillator Circuits for Crystal Oscillator
Data Sheet
82
12.00
C505/C505C/C505A/C505CA
GPM05622
P-MQFP-44-2 (SMD)
(Plastic Metric Quad Flat Package)
Figure 45
P-MQFP-44 Package Outline
Sorts of Packing
Package outlines for tubes, trays etc. are contained in our
Data Book “Package Information”
SMD = Surface Mounted Device
Data Sheet
83
Dimensions in mm
12.00
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