Data Sheet

PCF85176
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
Rev. 5 — 6 January 2015
Product data sheet
1. General description
The PCF85176 is a peripheral device which interfaces to almost any Liquid Crystal
Display (LCD)1 with low multiplex rates. It generates the drive signals for any static or
multiplexed LCD containing up to four backplanes and up to 40 segments. It can be easily
cascaded for larger LCD applications. The PCF85176 is compatible with most
microcontrollers and communicates via the two-line bidirectional I2C-bus. Communication
overheads are minimized by a display RAM with auto-incremented addressing, by
hardware subaddressing, and by display memory switching (static and duplex drive
modes).
For a selection of NXP LCD segment drivers, see Table 24 on page 49.
2. Features and benefits

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1.
Single chip LCD controller and driver
Selectable backplane drive configuration: static, 2, 3, or 4 backplane multiplexing
Selectable display bias configuration: static, 1⁄2, or 1⁄3
Internal LCD bias generation with voltage-follower buffers
40 segment drives:
 Up to 20 7-segment numeric characters
 Up to 10 14-segment alphanumeric characters
 Any graphics of up to 160 segments/elements
40  4-bit RAM for display data storage
Auto-incremented display data loading across device subaddress boundaries
Display memory bank switching in static and duplex drive modes
Versatile blinking modes
Independent supplies possible for LCD and logic voltages
Wide power supply range: from 1.8 V to 5.5 V
Wide logic LCD supply range:
 From 2.5 V for low-threshold LCDs
 Up to 6.5 V for guest-host LCDs and high-threshold twisted nematic LCDs
Low power consumption
400 kHz I2C-bus interface
May be cascaded for large LCD applications (up to 2560 segments/elements possible)
No external components required
Manufactured in silicon gate CMOS process
The definition of the abbreviations and acronyms used in this data sheet can be found in Section 21.
PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
3. Ordering information
Table 1.
Ordering information
Type number
Package
Name
Description
Version
PCF85176H
TQFP64
plastic thin quad flat package, 64 leads;
body 10  10  1.0 mm
SOT357-1
PCF85176T
TSSOP56
plastic thin shrink small outline package,
56 leads; body width 6.1 mm
SOT364-1
3.1 Ordering options
Table 2.
Ordering options
Product type number
Sales item (12NC)
Orderable part number
IC
revision
Delivery form
PCF85176H/1
935290063518
PCF85176H/1,518
1
tape and reel, 13 inch, dry pack
PCF85176T/1
935290075118
PCF85176T/1,118
1
tape and reel, 13 inch
4. Marking
Table 3.
PCF85176
Product data sheet
Marking codes
Product type number
Marking code
PCF85176H/1
PCF85176H
PCF85176T/1
PCF85176T
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PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
5. Block diagram
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Fig 1.
Block diagram of PCF85176
PCF85176
Product data sheet
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NXP Semiconductors
PCF85176
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Pinning diagram for TQFP64 (PCF85176H)
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Top view. For mechanical details, see Figure 29.
Fig 2.
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Top view. For mechanical details, see Figure 30.
Fig 3.
Pinning diagram for TSSOP56 (PCF85176T)
PCF85176
4 of 57
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
$ %3
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40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
Rev. 5 — 6 January 2015
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
6
6.1 Pinning
6
Product data sheet
6. Pinning information
PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
6.2 Pin description
Table 4.
Pin description
Input or input/output pins must always be at a defined level (VSS or VDD) unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
PCF85176
Product data sheet
Pin
Description
TQFP64
(PCF85176H)
TSSOP56
(PCF85176T)
Type
SDA
10
44
input/output I2C-bus serial data line
SCL
11
45
input
CLK
13
47
input/output clock line
VDD
14
48
supply
SYNC
12
46
input/output cascade synchronization
input or output; if not used
it must be left open
OSC
15
49
input
internal oscillator enable
A0 to A2
16 to 18
50 to 52
input
subaddress inputs
SA0
19
53
input
I2C-bus address input
VSS
20
54
supply
ground supply voltage
VLCD
21
55
supply
LCD supply voltage
BP0, BP2, 25 to 28
BP1, BP3
56, 1, 2, 3
output
LCD backplane outputs
S0 to S39 29 to 32, 34 to 47,
49 to 64, 2 to 7
4 to 43
output
LCD segment outputs
n.c.
-
-
not connected; do not
connect and do not use as
feed through
1, 8, 9, 22 to 24,
33, 48
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Rev. 5 — 6 January 2015
I2C-bus serial clock
supply voltage
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
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PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
7. Functional description
The PCF85176 is a versatile peripheral device designed to interface between any
microcontroller to a wide variety of LCD segment or dot matrix displays (see Figure 4). It
can directly drive any static or multiplexed LCD containing up to four backplanes and up to
40 segments.
7.1 Commands of PCF85176
The commands available to the PCF85176 are defined in Table 5.
Table 5.
Definition of PCF85176 commands
Bit position labeled as - is not used.
Command
Operation Code
Reference
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
mode-set
C
1
0
-
E
B
M[1:0]
load-data-pointer
C
0
P[5:0]
device-select
C
1
1
0
0
A[2:0]
bank-select
C
1
1
1
1
0
I
blink-select
C
1
1
1
0
AB
BF[1:0]
0
Table 7
Table 8
Table 9
O
Table 10
Table 11
All available commands carry a continuation bit C in their most significant bit position as
shown in Figure 22. When this bit is set logic 1, it indicates that the next byte of the
transfer to arrive will also represent a command. If this bit is set logic 0, it indicates that
the command byte is the last in the transfer. Further bytes are regarded as display data
(see Table 6).
PCF85176
Product data sheet
Table 6.
C bit description
Bit
Symbol
7
C
Value
Description
continue bit
0
last control byte in the transfer; next byte will be regarded
as display data
1
control bytes continue; next byte will be a command too
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PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
7.1.1 Command: mode-set
The mode-set command allows configuring the multiplex mode, the bias levels and
enabling or disabling the display.
Table 7.
Mode-set command bit description
Bit
Symbol
Value
Description
7
C
0, 1
see Table 6
6 to 5
-
10
fixed value
4
-
-
unused
3
E
2
display status[1]
0[2]
disabled (blank)[3]
1
enabled
LCD bias configuration[4]
B
1 to 0
0[2]
1⁄
3
bias
1
1⁄
2
bias
M[1:0]
LCD drive mode selection
01
static; BP0
10
1:2 multiplex; BP0, BP1
11
1:3 multiplex; BP0, BP1, BP2
00[2]
1:4 multiplex; BP0, BP1, BP2, BP3
[1]
The possibility to disable the display allows implementation of blinking under external control.
[2]
Default value.
[3]
The display is disabled by setting all backplane and segment outputs to VLCD.
[4]
Not applicable for static drive mode.
7.1.2 Command: load-data-pointer
The load-data-pointer command defines the display RAM address where the following
display data are sent to.
Table 8.
Load-data-pointer command bit description
See Section 7.6.1.
Bit
Symbol
Value
Description
7
C
0, 1
see Table 6
6
-
0
fixed value
5 to 0
P[5:0]
000000[1] to 6-bit binary value, 0 to 39; transferred to the data pointer to
100111
define one of 40 display RAM addresses
[1]
PCF85176
Product data sheet
Default value.
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PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
7.1.3 Command: device-select
The device-select command allows defining the subaddress counter value.
Table 9.
Device-select command bit description
See Section 7.6.2.
Bit
Symbol
Value
Description
7
C
0, 1
see Table 6
fixed value
6 to 3
-
1100
2 to 0
A[2:0]
000[1] to 111 3-bit binary value, 0 to 7; transferred to the subaddress
counter to define 1 of 8 hardware subaddresses
[1]
Default value.
7.1.4 Command: bank-select
The bank-select command controls where data is written to RAM and where it is displayed
from.
Table 10. Bank-select command bit description
See Section 7.6.5.
Bit
Symbol
Value
Description
Static
7
C
0, 1
see Table 6
6 to 2
-
11110
fixed value
1
I
0
PCF85176
Product data sheet
1:2 multiplex[1]
input bank selection; storage of arriving display data
0[2]
RAM row 0
RAM rows 0 and 1
1
RAM row 2
RAM rows 2 and 3
O
output bank selection; retrieval of LCD display data
0[2]
RAM row 0
RAM rows 0 and 1
1
RAM row 2
RAM rows 2 and 3
[1]
The bank-select command has no effect in 1:3 and 1:4 multiplex drive modes.
[2]
Default value.
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PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
7.1.5 Command: blink-select
The blink-select command allows configuring the blink mode and the blink frequency.
Table 11. Blink-select command bit description
See Section 7.1.5.1.
Bit
Symbol
Value
Description
7
C
0, 1
see Table 6
6 to 3
-
1110
2
AB
1 to 0
7.1.5.1
fixed value
blink mode selection
0[1]
normal blinking[2]
1
alternate RAM bank blinking[3]
BF[1:0]
blink frequency selection
00[1]
off
01
1
10
2
11
3
[1]
Default value.
[2]
Normal blinking is assumed when the LCD multiplex drive modes 1:3 or 1:4 are selected.
[3]
Alternate RAM bank blinking does not apply in 1:3 and 1:4 multiplex drive modes.
Blinking
The display blinking capabilities of the PCF85176 are very versatile. The whole display
can blink at frequencies selected by the blink-select command (see Table 11). The blink
frequencies are derived from the clock frequency. The ratio between the clock and blink
frequencies depends on the blink mode selected (see Table 12).
An additional feature is for an arbitrary selection of LCD segments/elements to blink. This
applies to the static and 1:2 multiplex drive modes and can be implemented without any
communication overheads. With the output bank selector, the displayed RAM banks are
exchanged with alternate RAM banks at the blink frequency. This mode can also be
specified by the blink-select command.
In the 1:3 and 1:4 multiplex modes, where no alternative RAM bank is available, groups of
LCD segments/elements can blink by selectively changing the display RAM data at fixed
time intervals.
The entire display can blink at a frequency other than the nominal blink frequency. This
can be effectively performed by resetting and setting the display enable bit E at the
required rate using the mode-set command (see Table 7).
PCF85176
Product data sheet
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PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
Table 12.
Blink frequencies
Blink mode
Blink frequency[1]
off
-
1
f clk
f blink = --------768
2
f clk
f blink = -----------1536
3
f clk
f blink = -----------3072
[1]
The blink frequency is proportional to the clock frequency (fclk). For the range of the clock frequency, see
Table 20.
7.2 Power-On Reset (POR)
At power-on the PCF85176 resets to the following starting conditions:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
All backplane and segment outputs are set to VLCD
The selected drive mode is: 1:4 multiplex with 1⁄3 bias
Blinking is switched off
Input and output bank selectors are reset
The I2C-bus interface is initialized
The data pointer and the subaddress counter are cleared (set to logic 0)
The display is disabled (bit E = 0, see Table 7)
Remark: Do not transfer data on the I2C-bus for at least 1 ms after a power-on to allow
the reset action to complete.
PCF85176
Product data sheet
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Rev. 5 — 6 January 2015
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PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
7.3 Possible display configurations
The possible display configurations of the PCF85176 depend on the number of active
backplane outputs required. A selection of display configurations is shown in Table 13. All
of these configurations can be implemented in the typical system shown in Figure 5.
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Fig 4.
Example of displays suitable for PCF85176
Table 13.
Selection of possible display configurations
Number of
Backplanes
PCF85176
Product data sheet
Icons
Digits/Characters
7-segment[1]
14-segment[2]
Dot matrix:
segments/
elements
4
160
20
10
160 (4  40)
3
120
15
7
120 (3  40)
2
80
10
5
80 (2  40)
1
40
5
2
40 (1  40)
[1]
7 segment display has 8 segments/elements including the decimal point.
[2]
14 segment display has 16 segments/elements including decimal point and accent dot.
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PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
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The resistance of the power lines must be kept to a minimum.
Fig 5.
Typical system configuration
The host microcontroller maintains the 2-line I2C-bus communication channel with the
PCF85176. The internal oscillator is enabled by connecting pin OSC to pin VSS. The
appropriate biasing voltages for the multiplexed LCD waveforms are generated internally.
The only other connections required to complete the system are the power supplies (VDD,
VSS, and VLCD) and the LCD panel chosen for the application.
7.3.1 LCD bias generator
Fractional LCD biasing voltages are obtained from an internal voltage divider of three
impedances connected between VLCD and VSS. The center impedance is bypassed by
switch if the 1⁄2 bias voltage level for the 1:2 multiplex drive mode configuration is
selected.
7.3.2 Display register
The display register holds the display data while the corresponding multiplex signals are
generated.
7.3.3 LCD voltage selector
The LCD voltage selector coordinates the multiplexing of the LCD in accordance with the
selected LCD drive configuration. The operation of the voltage selector is controlled by the
mode-set command from the command decoder. The biasing configurations that apply to
the preferred modes of operation, together with the biasing characteristics as functions of
VLCD and the resulting discrimination ratios (D) are given in Table 14.
Discrimination is a term which is defined as the ratio of the on and off RMS voltage across
a segment. It can be thought of as a measurement of contrast.
Table 14.
Biasing characteristics
LCD drive
mode
Number of:
LCD bias
Backplanes Levels configuration
V off  RMS 
------------------------V LCD
V on  RMS 
-----------------------V LCD
V on  RMS 
D = -----------------------V off  RMS 
static
1
2
static
0
1

3
1⁄
2
0.354
0.791
2.236
1:2 multiplex 2
4
1⁄
3
0.333
0.745
2.236
1:3 multiplex 3
4
1⁄
3
0.333
0.638
1.915
4
1⁄
3
0.333
0.577
1.732
1:2 multiplex 2
1:4 multiplex 4
PCF85176
Product data sheet
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PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
A practical value for VLCD is determined by equating Voff(RMS) with a defined LCD
threshold voltage (Vth(off)), typically when the LCD exhibits approximately 10 % contrast. In
the static drive mode, a suitable choice is VLCD > 3Vth(off).
Multiplex drive modes of 1:3 and 1:4 with 1⁄2 bias are possible but the discrimination and
hence the contrast ratios are smaller.
1
Bias is calculated by ------------- , where the values for a are
1+a
a = 1 for 1⁄2 bias
a = 2 for 1⁄3 bias
The RMS on-state voltage (Von(RMS)) for the LCD is calculated with Equation 1:
V on  RMS  =
V LCD
a 2 + 2a + n
-----------------------------2
n  1 + a
(1)
where the values for n are
n = 1 for static drive mode
n = 2 for 1:2 multiplex drive mode
n = 3 for 1:3 multiplex drive mode
n = 4 for 1:4 multiplex drive mode
The RMS off-state voltage (Voff(RMS)) for the LCD is calculated with Equation 2:
V off  RMS  =
V LCD
a 2 – 2a + n
-----------------------------2
n  1 + a
(2)
Discrimination is the ratio of Von(RMS) to Voff(RMS) and is determined from Equation 3:
V on  RMS 
D = ---------------------- =
V off  RMS 
2
a + 2a + n
--------------------------2
a – 2a + n
(3)
Using Equation 3, the discrimination for an LCD drive mode of 1:3 multiplex with
1⁄
2
bias is
1⁄
2
21
bias is ---------- = 1.528 .
3
3 = 1.732 and the discrimination for an LCD drive mode of 1:4 multiplex with
The advantage of these LCD drive modes is a reduction of the LCD full scale voltage VLCD
as follows:
• 1:3 multiplex (1⁄2 bias): V LCD =
6  V off  RMS  = 2.449V off  RMS 
4  3
- = 2.309V off  RMS 
• 1:4 multiplex (1⁄2 bias): V LCD = --------------------3
These compare with V LCD = 3V off  RMS  when 1⁄3 bias is used.
VLCD is sometimes referred as the LCD operating voltage.
PCF85176
Product data sheet
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Rev. 5 — 6 January 2015
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PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
7.3.3.1
Electro-optical performance
Suitable values for Von(RMS) and Voff(RMS) are dependent on the LCD liquid used. The
RMS voltage, at which a pixel is switched on or off, determine the transmissibility of the
pixel.
For any given liquid, there are two threshold values defined. One point is at 10 % relative
transmission (at Vth(off)) and the other at 90 % relative transmission (at Vth(on)), see
Figure 6. For a good contrast performance, the following rules should be followed:
V on  RMS   V th  on 
(4)
V off  RMS   V th  off 
(5)
Von(RMS) and Voff(RMS) are properties of the display driver and are affected by the selection
of a, n (see Equation 1 to Equation 3) and the VLCD voltage.
Vth(off) and Vth(on) are properties of the LCD liquid and can be provided by the module
manufacturer. Vth(off) is sometimes named Vth. Vth(on) is sometimes named saturation
voltage Vsat.
It is important to match the module properties to those of the driver in order to achieve
optimum performance.
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Fig 6.
PCF85176
Product data sheet
Electro-optical characteristic: relative transmission curve of the liquid
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PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
7.3.4 LCD drive mode waveforms
7.3.4.1
Static drive mode
The static LCD drive mode is used when a single backplane is provided in the LCD. The
backplane (BPn) and segment (Sn) drive waveforms for this mode are shown in Figure 7.
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Vstate1(t) = VSn(t)  VBP0(t).
Von(RMS) = VLCD.
Vstate2(t) = V(Sn + 1)(t)  VBP0(t).
Voff(RMS) = 0 V.
Fig 7.
PCF85176
Product data sheet
Static drive mode waveforms
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PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
7.3.4.2
1:2 Multiplex drive mode
When two backplanes are provided in the LCD, the 1:2 multiplex mode applies. The
PCF85176 allows the use of 1⁄2 bias or 1⁄3 bias in this mode as shown in Figure 8 and
Figure 9.
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Vstate1(t) = VSn(t)  VBP0(t).
Von(RMS) = 0.791VLCD.
Vstate2(t) = VSn(t)  VBP1(t).
Voff(RMS) = 0.354VLCD.
Fig 8.
PCF85176
Product data sheet
Waveforms for the 1:2 multiplex drive mode with 1⁄2 bias
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PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
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Vstate1(t) = VSn(t)  VBP0(t).
Von(RMS) = 0.745VLCD.
Vstate2(t) = VSn(t)  VBP1(t).
Voff(RMS) = 0.333VLCD.
Fig 9.
PCF85176
Product data sheet
Waveforms for the 1:2 multiplex drive mode with 1⁄3 bias
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Rev. 5 — 6 January 2015
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PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
7.3.4.3
1:3 Multiplex drive mode
When three backplanes are provided in the LCD, the 1:3 multiplex drive mode applies, as
shown in Figure 10.
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Vstate1(t) = VSn(t)  VBP0(t).
Von(RMS) = 0.638VLCD.
Vstate2(t) = VSn(t)  VBP1(t).
Voff(RMS) = 0.333VLCD.
Fig 10. Waveforms for the 1:3 multiplex drive mode with 1⁄3 bias
PCF85176
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PCF85176
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40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
7.3.4.4
1:4 Multiplex drive mode
When four backplanes are provided in the LCD, the 1:4 multiplex drive mode applies as
shown in Figure 11.
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Vstate1(t) = VSn(t)  VBP0(t).
Von(RMS) = 0.577VLCD.
Vstate2(t) = VSn(t)  VBP1(t).
Voff(RMS) = 0.333VLCD.
Fig 11. Waveforms for the 1:4 multiplex drive mode with 1⁄3 bias
PCF85176
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PCF85176
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40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
7.4 Oscillator
7.4.1 Internal clock
The internal logic of the PCF85176 and its LCD drive signals are timed either by its
internal oscillator or by an external clock. The internal oscillator is enabled by connecting
pin OSC to pin VSS. If the internal oscillator is used, the output from pin CLK can be used
as the clock signal for several PCF85176 in the system that are connected in cascade.
7.4.2 External clock
Pin CLK is enabled as an external clock input by connecting pin OSC to VDD. The LCD
frame frequency is determined by the clock frequency (fclk).
Remark: A clock signal must always be supplied to the device. Removing the clock may
freeze the LCD in a DC state, which is not suitable for the liquid crystal.
7.4.3 Timing
The PCF85176 timing controls the internal data flow of the device. This includes the
transfer of display data from the display RAM to the display segment outputs. In cascaded
applications, the correct timing relationship between each PCF85176 in the system is
maintained by the synchronization signal at pin SYNC. The timing also generates the LCD
frame frequency signal. The frame frequency signal is a fixed division of the clock
f clk
frequency from either the internal or an external clock: f fr = ------24
7.5 Backplane and segment outputs
7.5.1 Backplane outputs
The LCD drive section includes 4 backplane outputs BP0 to BP3 which must be
connected directly to the LCD. The backplane output signals are generated in accordance
with the selected LCD drive mode. If less than four backplane outputs are required, the
unused outputs can be left open-circuit.
• In 1:3 multiplex drive mode, BP3 carries the same signal as BP1, therefore these two
adjacent outputs can be tied together to give enhanced drive capabilities
• In 1:2 multiplex drive mode, BP0 and BP2, respectively, BP1 and BP3 all carry the
same signals and may also be paired to increase the drive capabilities
• In static drive mode, the same signal is carried by all four backplane outputs and they
can be connected in parallel for very high drive requirements
7.5.2 Segment outputs
The LCD drive section includes 40 segment outputs S0 to S39 which should be
connected directly to the LCD. The segment output signals are generated in accordance
with the multiplexed backplane signals and with data residing in the display register. When
less than 40 segment outputs are required, the unused segment outputs should be left
open-circuit.
PCF85176
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PCF85176
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40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
7.6 Display RAM
The display RAM is a static 40  4-bit RAM which stores LCD data.
There is a one-to-one correspondence between
• the bits in the RAM bitmap and the LCD segments/elements
• the RAM columns and the segment outputs
• the RAM rows and the backplane outputs.
A logic 1 in the RAM bitmap indicates the on-state of the corresponding LCD element;
similarly, a logic 0 indicates the off-state.
The display RAM bitmap, Figure 12, shows the rows 0 to 3 which correspond with the
backplane outputs BP0 to BP3, and the columns 0 to 39 which correspond with the
segment outputs S0 to S39. In multiplexed LCD applications the segment data of the first,
second, third, and fourth row of the display RAM are time-multiplexed with BP0, BP1,
BP2, and BP3 respectively.
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The display RAM bitmap shows the direct relationship between the display RAM column and the
segment outputs; and between the bits in a RAM row and the backplane outputs.
Fig 12. Display RAM bitmap
When display data is transmitted to the PCF85176, the display bytes received are stored
in the display RAM in accordance with the selected LCD drive mode. The data is stored as
it arrives and depending on the current multiplex drive mode the bits are stored singularly,
in pairs, triples, or quadruples. To illustrate the filling order, an example of a 7-segment
display showing all drive modes is given in Figure 13. The RAM filling organization
depicted applies equally to other LCD types.
• In static drive mode the eight transmitted data bits are placed into row 0 as 1 byte
• In 1:2 multiplex drive mode the eight transmitted data bits are placed in pairs into
row 0 and 1 as four successive 2-bit RAM words
• In 1:3 multiplex drive mode the 8 bits are placed in triples into row 0, 1, and 2 as three
successive 3-bit RAM words, with bit 3 of the third address left unchanged. It is not
recommended to use this bit in a display because of the difficult addressing. This last
bit may, if necessary, be controlled by an additional transfer to this address, but care
should be taken to avoid overwriting adjacent data because always full bytes are
transmitted (see Section 7.6.3)
• In 1:4 multiplex drive mode, the eight transmitted data bits are placed in quadruples
into row 0, 1, 2, and 3 as two successive 4-bit RAM words
PCF85176
Product data sheet
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Rev. 5 — 6 January 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
21 of 57
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Fig 13. Relationship between LCD layout, drive mode, display RAM filling order, and display data transmitted over the I2C-bus
PCF85176
22 of 57
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
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NXP Semiconductors
PCF85176
Product data sheet
GULYHPRGH
PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
7.6.1 Data pointer
The addressing mechanism for the display RAM is realized using the data pointer. This
allows the loading of an individual display data byte, or a series of display data bytes, into
any location of the display RAM. The sequence commences with the initialization of the
data pointer by the load-data-pointer command (see Table 8). Following this command, an
arriving data byte is stored at the display RAM address indicated by the data pointer. The
filling order is shown in Figure 13.
After each byte is stored, the content of the data pointer is automatically incremented by a
value dependent on the selected LCD drive mode:
•
•
•
•
In static drive mode by eight
In 1:2 multiplex drive mode by four
In 1:3 multiplex drive mode by three
In 1:4 multiplex drive mode by two
If an I2C-bus data access terminates early, then the state of the data pointer is unknown.
Consequently, the data pointer must be rewritten prior to further RAM accesses.
7.6.2 Subaddress counter
The storage of display data is determined by the contents of the subaddress counter.
Storage is allowed only when the content of the subaddress counter matches with the
hardware subaddress applied to A0, A1, and A2. The subaddress counter value is defined
by the device-select command (see Table 9). If the content of the subaddress counter and
the hardware subaddress do not match, then data storage is inhibited but the data pointer
is incremented as if data storage had taken place. The subaddress counter is also
incremented when the data pointer overflows.
The storage arrangements described lead to extremely efficient data loading in cascaded
applications. When a series of display bytes are sent to the display RAM, automatic
wrap-over to the next PCF85176 occurs when the last RAM address is exceeded.
Subaddressing across device boundaries is successful even if the change to the next
device in the cascade occurs within a transmitted character.
The hardware subaddress must not be changed while the device is being accessed on the
I2C-bus interface.
PCF85176
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PCF85176
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40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
7.6.3 RAM writing in 1:3 multiplex drive mode
In 1:3 multiplex drive mode, the RAM is written as shown in Table 15 (see Figure 13 as
well).
Table 15. Standard RAM filling in 1:3 multiplex drive mode
Assumption: BP2/S2, BP2/S5, BP2/S8 etc. are not connected to any segments/elements on the
display.
Display RAM
bits (rows)/
backplane
outputs (BPn)
Display RAM addresses (columns)/segment outputs (Sn)
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
:
0
a7
a4
a1
b7
b4
b1
c7
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:
1
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a3
a0
b6
b3
b0
c6
c3
c0
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:
2
a5
a2
-
b5
b2
-
c5
c2
-
d5
:
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
:
If the bit at position BP2/S2 would be written by a second byte transmitted, then the
mapping of the segment bits would change as illustrated in Table 16.
Table 16. Entire RAM filling by rewriting in 1:3 multiplex drive mode
Assumption: BP2/S2, BP2/S5, BP2/S8 etc. are connected to segments/elements on the display.
Display RAM
bits (rows)/
backplane
outputs (BPn)
Display RAM addresses (columns)/segment outputs (Sn)
0
1
2
0
a7
a4
a1/b7 b4
b1/c7 c4
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:
1
a6
a3
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:
2
a5
a2
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3
-
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-
-
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:
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
:
In the case described in Table 16, the RAM has to be written entirely and BP2/S2,
BP2/S5, BP2/S8 etc. have to be connected to segments/elements on the display. This can
be achieved by a combination of writing and rewriting the RAM like follows:
• In the first write to the RAM, bits a7 to a0 are written
• The data-pointer (see Section 7.6.1 on page 23) has to be set to the address of bit a1
• In the second write, bits b7 to b0 are written, overwriting bits a1 and a0 with bits b7
and b6
• The data-pointer has to be set to the address of bit b1
• In the third write, bits c7 to c0 are written, overwriting bits b1 and b0 with bits c7 and
c6
Depending on the method of writing to the RAM (standard or entire filling by rewriting),
some segments/elements remain unused or can be used, but it has to be considered in
the module layout process as well as in the driver software design.
PCF85176
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PCF85176
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40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
7.6.4 Writing over the RAM address boundary
In all multiplex drive modes, depending on the setting of the data pointer, it is possible to
fill the RAM over the RAM address boundary. If the PCF85176 is part of a cascade the
additional bits fall into the next device that also generates the acknowledge signal. If the
PCF85176 is a single device or the last device in a cascade, the additional bits are
discarded and no acknowledge signal is generated.
7.6.5 Bank selection
7.6.5.1
Output bank selector
The output bank selector (see Table 10) selects one of the four rows per display RAM
address for transfer to the display register. The actual row selected depends on the
selected LCD drive mode in operation and on the instant in the multiplex sequence.
• In 1:4 multiplex mode, all RAM addresses of row 0 are selected, these are followed by
the contents of row 1, 2, and then 3
• In 1:3 multiplex mode, rows 0, 1, and 2 are selected sequentially
• In 1:2 multiplex mode, rows 0 and 1 are selected
• In static mode, row 0 is selected
The PCF85176 includes a RAM bank switching feature in the static and 1:2 multiplex drive
modes. In the static drive mode, the bank-select command may request the contents of
row 2 to be selected for display instead of the contents of row 0. In the 1:2 multiplex mode,
the contents of rows 2 and 3 may be selected instead of rows 0 and 1. This gives the
provision for preparing display information in an alternative bank and to be able to switch
to it once it is assembled.
7.6.5.2
Input bank selector
The input bank selector loads display data into the display RAM in accordance with the
selected LCD drive configuration. Display data can be loaded in row 2 in static drive mode
or in rows 2 and 3 in 1:2 multiplex drive mode by using the bank-select command (see
Table 10). The input bank selector functions independently to the output bank selector.
7.6.5.3
RAM bank switching
The PCF85176 includes a RAM bank switching feature in the static and 1:2 multiplex drive
modes. A bank can be thought of as one RAM row or a collection of RAM rows (see
Figure 14). The RAM bank switching gives the provision for preparing display information
in an alternative bank and to be able to switch to it once it is complete.
PCF85176
Product data sheet
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Rev. 5 — 6 January 2015
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25 of 57
PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
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Fig 14. RAM banks in static and multiplex driving mode 1:2
There are two banks; bank 0 and bank 1. Figure 14 shows the location of these banks
relative to the RAM map. Input and output banks can be set independently from one
another with the Bank-select command (see Table 10 on page 8). Figure 15 shows the
concept.
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Fig 15. Bank selection
In the static drive mode, the bank-select command may request the contents of row 2 to
be selected for display instead of the contents of row 0. In the 1:2 multiplex mode, the
contents of rows 2 and 3 may be selected instead of rows 0 and 1. This gives the
provision for preparing display information in an alternative bank and to be able to switch
to it once it is assembled.
In Figure 16 an example is shown for 1:2 multiplex drive mode where the displayed data is
read from the first two rows of the memory (bank 0), while the transmitted data is stored in
the second two rows of the memory (bank 1).
PCF85176
Product data sheet
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PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
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Fig 16. Example of the Bank-select command with multiplex drive mode 1:2
PCF85176
Product data sheet
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Rev. 5 — 6 January 2015
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PCF85176
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40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
8. Characteristics of the I2C-bus
The I2C-bus is for bidirectional, two-line communication between different ICs or modules.
The two lines are a Serial DAta line (SDA) and a Serial CLock line (SCL). Both lines must
be connected to a positive supply via a pull-up resistor when connected to the output
stages of a device. Data transfer may be initiated only when the bus is not busy.
8.1 Bit transfer
One data bit is transferred during each clock pulse. The data on the SDA line must remain
stable during the HIGH period of the clock pulse as changes in the data line at this time is
interpreted as a control signal (see Figure 17).
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Fig 17. Bit transfer
8.2 START and STOP conditions
Both data and clock lines remain HIGH when the bus is not busy.
A HIGH-to-LOW transition of the data line while the clock is HIGH is defined as the START
condition - S.
A LOW-to-HIGH transition of the data line while the clock is HIGH is defined as the STOP
condition - P.
The START and STOP conditions are illustrated in Figure 18.
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Fig 18. Definition of START and STOP conditions
8.3 System configuration
A device generating a message is a transmitter, a device receiving a message is the
receiver. The device that controls the message is the master and the devices which are
controlled by the master are the slaves. The system configuration is shown in Figure 19.
PCF85176
Product data sheet
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Rev. 5 — 6 January 2015
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PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
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Fig 19. System configuration
8.4 Acknowledge
The number of data bytes transferred between the START and STOP conditions from
transmitter to receiver is unlimited. Each byte of 8 bits is followed by an acknowledge
cycle.
• A slave receiver, which is addressed, must generate an acknowledge after the
reception of each byte
• A master receiver must generate an acknowledge after the reception of each byte that
has been clocked out of the slave transmitter
• The device that acknowledges must pull-down the SDA line during the acknowledge
clock pulse, so that the SDA line is stable LOW during the HIGH period of the
acknowledge related clock pulse (set-up and hold times must be considered)
• A master receiver must signal an end of data to the transmitter by not generating an
acknowledge on the last byte that has been clocked out of the slave. In this event, the
transmitter must leave the data line HIGH to enable the master to generate a STOP
condition
Acknowledgement on the I2C-bus is illustrated in Figure 20.
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Fig 20. Acknowledgement of the I2C-bus
PCF85176
Product data sheet
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PCF85176
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40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
8.5 I2C-bus controller
The PCF85176 acts as an I2C-bus slave receiver. It does not initiate I2C-bus transfers or
transmit data to an I2C-bus master receiver. The only data output from the PCF85176 are
the acknowledge signals of the selected devices. Device selection depends on the
I2C-bus slave address, on the transferred command data and on the hardware
subaddress.
In single device applications, the hardware subaddress inputs A0, A1, and A2 are
normally tied to VSS which defines the hardware subaddress 0. In multiple device
applications A0, A1, and A2 are tied to VSS or VDD using a binary coding scheme, so that
no two devices with a common I2C-bus slave address have the same hardware
subaddress.
8.6 Input filters
To enhance noise immunity in electrically adverse environments, RC low-pass filters are
provided on the SDA and SCL lines.
8.7 I2C-bus protocol
Two I2C-bus slave addresses (0111 000 and 0111 001) are used to address the
PCF85176. The entire I2C-bus slave address byte is shown in Table 17.
Table 17.
I2C slave address byte
Slave address
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
MSB
0
0
LSB
1
1
1
0
0
SA0
R/W
The PCF85176 is a write-only device and is not responding to a read access, therefore bit
0 should always be logic 0. Bit 1 of the slave address byte that a PCF85176 responds to,
is defined by the level tied to its SA0 input (VSS for logic 0 and VDD for logic 1).
Having two reserved slave addresses allows the following on the same I2C-bus:
• Up to 16 PCF85176 for very large LCD applications
• The use of two types of LCD multiplex drive modes
The I2C-bus protocol is shown in Figure 21. The sequence is initiated with a START
condition (S) from the I2C-bus master which is followed by one of the two possible
PCF85176 slave addresses available. All PCF85176 whose SA0 inputs correspond to
bit 0 of the slave address respond by asserting an acknowledge in parallel. This I2C-bus
transfer is ignored by all PCF85176 whose SA0 inputs are set to the alternative level.
PCF85176
Product data sheet
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30 of 57
PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
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Fig 21. I2C-bus protocol
After an acknowledgement, one or more command bytes follow that define the status of
each addressed PCF85176.
The last command byte sent is identified by resetting its most significant bit, continuation
bit C (see Figure 22). The command bytes are also acknowledged by all addressed
PCF85176 on the bus.
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Fig 22. Format of command byte
After the last command byte, one or more display data bytes may follow. Display data
bytes are stored in the display RAM at the address specified by the data pointer and the
subaddress counter. Both data pointer and subaddress counter are automatically updated
and the data directed to the intended PCF85176 device.
An acknowledgement after each byte is asserted only by the PCF85176 that are
addressed via address lines A0, A1, and A2. After the last display byte, the I2C-bus
master asserts a STOP condition (P). Alternately a START may be asserted to restart an
I2C-bus access.
PCF85176
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PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
9. Internal circuitry
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Fig 23. Device protection circuits
PCF85176
Product data sheet
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Rev. 5 — 6 January 2015
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32 of 57
PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
10. Safety notes
CAUTION
This device is sensitive to ElectroStatic Discharge (ESD). Observe precautions for handling
electrostatic sensitive devices.
Such precautions are described in the ANSI/ESD S20.20, IEC/ST 61340-5, JESD625-A or
equivalent standards.
CAUTION
Static voltages across the liquid crystal display can build up when the LCD supply voltage
(VLCD) is on while the IC supply voltage (VDD) is off, or vice versa. This may cause unwanted
display artifacts. To avoid such artifacts, VLCD and VDD must be applied or removed together.
11. Limiting values
Table 18. Limiting values
In accordance with the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 60134).
Symbol
Parameter
VDD
Conditions
Min
Max
Unit
supply voltage
0.5
+6.5
V
VLCD
LCD supply voltage
0.5
+7.5
V
VI
input voltage
on each of the pins CLK, SDA,
SCL, SYNC, SA0, OSC, A0 to A2
0.5
+6.5
V
VO
output voltage
on each of the pins S0 to S39,
BP0 to BP3
0.5
+7.5
V
II
input current
10
+10
mA
IO
output current
10
+10
mA
IDD
supply current
50
+50
mA
IDD(LCD)
LCD supply current
50
+50
mA
ISS
ground supply current
50
+50
mA
Ptot
total power dissipation
-
400
mW
Po
output power
-
100
mW
[1]
-
3500
V
TQFP64 (PCF85176H)
[2]
-
1000
V
TSSOP56 (PCF85176T)
[2]
-
2000
V
latch-up current
[3]
-
100
mA
Tstg
storage temperature
[4]
55
+150
C
Tamb
ambient temperature
40
+85
C
VESD
Ilu
electrostatic
discharge voltage
HBM
CDM
operating device
[1]
Pass level; Human Body Model (HBM), according to Ref. 6 “JESD22-A114”
[2]
Pass level; Charged-Device Model (CDM), according to Ref. 7 “JESD22-C101”
[3]
Pass level; latch-up testing according to Ref. 8 “JESD78” at maximum ambient temperature (Tamb(max)).
[4]
According to the store and transport requirements (see Ref. 13 “UM10569”) the devices have to be stored at a temperature of +8 C to
+45 C and a humidity of 25 % to 75 %.
PCF85176
Product data sheet
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Rev. 5 — 6 January 2015
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33 of 57
PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
12. Static characteristics
Table 19. Static characteristics
VDD = 1.8 V to 5.5 V; VSS = 0 V; VLCD = 2.5 V to 6.5 V; Tamb = 40 C to +85 C; unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
1.8
2.5
-
5.5
V
-
6.5
V
-
3.5
7
A
-
2.7
-
A
-
23
32
A
-
13
-
A
1.0
1.3
1.6
V
VSS
-
0.3VDD
V
0.7VDD
-
VDD
V
on pins CLK and SYNC
1
-
-
mA
on pin SDA
Supplies
VDD
supply voltage
VLCD
LCD supply voltage
supply current
IDD
[1]
fclk(ext) = 1536 Hz
[2][3]
VDD = 3.0 V; Tamb = 25 C
IDD(LCD)
LCD supply current
[2]
fclk(ext) = 1536 Hz
VLCD = 3.0 V; Tamb = 25 C
Logic[4]
VP(POR)
power-on reset supply
voltage
VIL
LOW-level input
voltage
on pins CLK, SYNC, OSC, A0 to
A2, SA0, SCL, SDA
VIH
HIGH-level input
voltage
on pins CLK, SYNC, OSC, A0 to
A2, SA0, SCL, SDA
IOL
LOW-level output
current
output sink current;
VOL = 0.4 V; VDD = 5 V
[5][6]
3
-
-
mA
IOH(CLK)
HIGH-level output
current on pin CLK
output source current;
VOH = 4.6 V; VDD = 5 V
1
-
-
mA
IL
leakage current
VI = VDD or VSS;
on pins CLK, SCL, SDA, A0 to A2
and SA0
1
-
+1
A
IL(OSC)
leakage current on pin VI = VDD
OSC
1
-
+1
A
CI
input capacitance
-
-
7
pF
100
-
+100
mV
on pins BP0 to BP3
-
1.5
-
k
on pins S0 to S39
-
6.0
-
k
[7]
LCD outputs
VO
output voltage
variation
on pins BP0 to BP3 and
S0 to S39
RO
output resistance
VLCD = 5 V
[8]
[1]
VLCD > 3 V for 1⁄3 bias.
[2]
LCD outputs are open-circuit; inputs at VSS or VDD; external clock with 50 % duty factor; I2C-bus inactive.
[3]
For typical values, see Figure 24.
[4]
The I2C-bus interface of the PCF85176 is 5 V tolerant.
[5]
When tested, I2C pins SCL and SDA have no diode to VDD and may be driven to the VI limiting values given in Table 18 (see Figure 23
as well).
[6]
Propagation delay of driver between clock (CLK) and LCD driving signals.
[7]
Periodically sampled, not 100 % tested.
[8]
Outputs measured one at a time.
PCF85176
Product data sheet
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34 of 57
PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
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Tamb = 30 C; 1:4 multiplex drive mode; VLCD = 6.5 V; fclk(ext) = 1.536 kHz; all RAM written with
logic 1; no display connected; I2C-bus inactive.
Fig 24. Typical IDD with respect to VDD
PCF85176
Product data sheet
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Rev. 5 — 6 January 2015
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35 of 57
PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
13. Dynamic characteristics
Table 20. Dynamic characteristics
VDD = 1.8 V to 5.5 V; VSS = 0 V; VLCD = 2.5 V to 6.5 V; Tamb = 40 C to +85 C; unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
1440
1850
2640
Hz
960
-
2640
Hz
internal clock
60
77
110
Hz
external clock
40
-
110
Hz
Clock
fclk(int)
internal clock
frequency
fclk(ext)
external clock
frequency
ffr
frame frequency
[1]
tclk(H)
HIGH-level clock time
60
-
-
s
tclk(L)
LOW-level clock time
60
-
-
s
-
30
-
ns
1
-
-
s
-
-
30
s
Synchronization
tPD(SYNC_N) SYNC propagation
delay
tSYNC_NL
tPD(drv)
SYNC LOW time
driver propagation
delay
[2]
VLCD = 5 V
I2C-bus[3]
Pin SCL
fSCL
SCL clock frequency
-
-
400
kHz
tLOW
LOW period of the
SCL clock
1.3
-
-
s
tHIGH
HIGH period of the
SCL clock
0.6
-
-
s
tSU;DAT
data set-up time
100
-
-
ns
tHD;DAT
data hold time
0
-
-
ns
Pin SDA
Pins SCL and SDA
tBUF
bus free time between
a STOP and START
condition
1.3
-
-
s
tSU;STO
set-up time for STOP
condition
0.6
-
-
s
tHD;STA
hold time (repeated)
START condition
0.6
-
-
s
tSU;STA
set-up time for a
repeated START
condition
0.6
-
-
s
tr
rise time of both SDA
and SCL signals
fSCL = 400 kHz
-
-
0.3
s
fSCL < 125 kHz
-
-
1.0
s
PCF85176
Product data sheet
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PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
Table 20. Dynamic characteristics …continued
VDD = 1.8 V to 5.5 V; VSS = 0 V; VLCD = 2.5 V to 6.5 V; Tamb = 40 C to +85 C; unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
tf
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
fall time of both SDA
and SCL signals
-
-
0.3
s
Cb
capacitive load for
each bus line
-
-
400
pF
tw(spike)
spike pulse width
-
-
50
ns
on the I2C-bus
[1]
Typical output duty factor: 50 % measured at the CLK output pin.
[2]
Not tested in production.
[3]
All timing values are valid within the operating supply voltage and ambient temperature range and are referenced to VIL and VIH with an
input voltage swing of VSS to VDD.
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Fig 26. I2C-bus timing waveforms
PCF85176
Product data sheet
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Rev. 5 — 6 January 2015
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PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
14. Application information
14.1 Cascaded operation
Large display configurations of up to 16 PCF85176 can be recognized on the same
I2C-bus by using the 3-bit hardware subaddress (A0, A1, and A2) and the programmable
I2C-bus slave address (SA0).
Table 21.
Addressing cascaded PCF85176
Cluster
Bit SA0
Pin A2
Pin A1
Pin A0
Device
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
2
0
1
1
3
1
0
0
4
1
0
1
5
1
1
0
6
2
1
1
1
1
7
0
0
0
8
0
0
1
9
0
1
0
10
0
1
1
11
1
0
0
12
1
0
1
13
1
1
0
14
1
1
1
15
When cascaded PCF85176 are synchronized, they can share the backplane signals from
one of the devices in the cascade. The other PCF85176 of the cascade contribute
additional segment outputs. The backplanes can either be connected together to enhance
the drive capability or some can be left open-circuit (such as the ones from the slave
in Figure 27) or just some of the master and some of the slave an be taken to facilitate the
layout of the display.
PCF85176
Product data sheet
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Rev. 5 — 6 January 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
38 of 57
PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
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(1) Is master (OSC connected to VSS).
(2) Is slave (OSC connected to VDD).
Fig 27. Cascaded PCF85176 configuration
The SYNC line is provided to maintain the correct synchronization between all cascaded
PCF85176. Synchronization is guaranteed after a power-on reset. The only time that
SYNC is likely to be needed is if synchronization is accidentally lost (e.g. by noise in
adverse electrical environments or by defining a multiplex drive mode when PCF85176
with different SA0 levels are cascaded).
SYNC is organized as an input/output pin. The output selection is realized as an
open-drain driver with an internal pull-up resistor. A PCF85176 asserts the SYNC line at
the onset of its last active backplane signal and monitors the SYNC line at all other times.
If synchronization in the cascade is lost, it is restored by the first PCF85176 to assert
SYNC. The timing relationship between the backplane waveforms and the SYNC signal
for the various drive modes of the PCF85176 are shown in Figure 28.
The PCF85176 can always be cascaded with other devices of the same type or
conditionally with other devices of the same family. This allows optimal drive selection for
a given number of pixels to display. Figure 25 and Figure 28 show the timing of the
synchronization signals.
Only one master but multiple slaves are allowed in a cascade. All devices in the cascade
have to use the same clock whether it is supplied externally or provided by the master.
PCF85176
Product data sheet
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Rev. 5 — 6 January 2015
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39 of 57
PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
If an external clock source is used, all PCF85176 in the cascade must be configured such
as to receive the clock from that external source (pin OSC connected to VDD). Thereby it
must be ensured that the clock tree is designed such that on all PCF85176 the clock
propagation delay from the clock source to all PCF85176 in the cascade is as equal as
possible since otherwise synchronization artefacts may occur.
In mixed cascading configurations, care has to be taken that the specifications of the
individual cascaded devices are met at all times.
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Fig 28. Synchronization of the cascade for the various PCF85176 drive modes
PCF85176
Product data sheet
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Rev. 5 — 6 January 2015
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40 of 57
PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
15. Package outline
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PCF85176
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 5 — 6 January 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
41 of 57
PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
76623SODVWLFWKLQVKULQNVPDOORXWOLQHSDFNDJHOHDGVERG\ZLGWKPP
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Fig 30. Package outline SOT364-1 (TSSOP56) of PCF85176T
PCF85176
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 5 — 6 January 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
42 of 57
PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
16. Handling information
All input and output pins are protected against ElectroStatic Discharge (ESD) under
normal handling. When handling Metal-Oxide Semiconductor (MOS) devices ensure that
all normal precautions are taken as described in JESD625-A, IEC 61340-5 or equivalent
standards.
PCF85176
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 5 — 6 January 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
43 of 57
PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
17. Packing information
17.1 Tape and reel information
For tape and reel packing information, see Ref. 10 “SOT357-1_518” and Ref. 11
“SOT364-1_118” on page 52.
18. Soldering of SMD packages
This text provides a very brief insight into a complex technology. A more in-depth account
of soldering ICs can be found in Application Note AN10365 “Surface mount reflow
soldering description”.
18.1 Introduction to soldering
Soldering is one of the most common methods through which packages are attached to
Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs), to form electrical circuits. The soldered joint provides both
the mechanical and the electrical connection. There is no single soldering method that is
ideal for all IC packages. Wave soldering is often preferred when through-hole and
Surface Mount Devices (SMDs) are mixed on one printed wiring board; however, it is not
suitable for fine pitch SMDs. Reflow soldering is ideal for the small pitches and high
densities that come with increased miniaturization.
18.2 Wave and reflow soldering
Wave soldering is a joining technology in which the joints are made by solder coming from
a standing wave of liquid solder. The wave soldering process is suitable for the following:
• Through-hole components
• Leaded or leadless SMDs, which are glued to the surface of the printed circuit board
Not all SMDs can be wave soldered. Packages with solder balls, and some leadless
packages which have solder lands underneath the body, cannot be wave soldered. Also,
leaded SMDs with leads having a pitch smaller than ~0.6 mm cannot be wave soldered,
due to an increased probability of bridging.
The reflow soldering process involves applying solder paste to a board, followed by
component placement and exposure to a temperature profile. Leaded packages,
packages with solder balls, and leadless packages are all reflow solderable.
Key characteristics in both wave and reflow soldering are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
PCF85176
Product data sheet
Board specifications, including the board finish, solder masks and vias
Package footprints, including solder thieves and orientation
The moisture sensitivity level of the packages
Package placement
Inspection and repair
Lead-free soldering versus SnPb soldering
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 5 — 6 January 2015
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PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
18.3 Wave soldering
Key characteristics in wave soldering are:
• Process issues, such as application of adhesive and flux, clinching of leads, board
transport, the solder wave parameters, and the time during which components are
exposed to the wave
• Solder bath specifications, including temperature and impurities
18.4 Reflow soldering
Key characteristics in reflow soldering are:
• Lead-free versus SnPb soldering; note that a lead-free reflow process usually leads to
higher minimum peak temperatures (see Figure 31) than a SnPb process, thus
reducing the process window
• Solder paste printing issues including smearing, release, and adjusting the process
window for a mix of large and small components on one board
• Reflow temperature profile; this profile includes preheat, reflow (in which the board is
heated to the peak temperature) and cooling down. It is imperative that the peak
temperature is high enough for the solder to make reliable solder joints (a solder paste
characteristic). In addition, the peak temperature must be low enough that the
packages and/or boards are not damaged. The peak temperature of the package
depends on package thickness and volume and is classified in accordance with
Table 22 and 23
Table 22.
SnPb eutectic process (from J-STD-020D)
Package thickness (mm)
Package reflow temperature (C)
Volume (mm3)
< 350
 350
< 2.5
235
220
 2.5
220
220
Table 23.
Lead-free process (from J-STD-020D)
Package thickness (mm)
Package reflow temperature (C)
Volume (mm3)
< 350
350 to 2000
> 2000
< 1.6
260
260
260
1.6 to 2.5
260
250
245
> 2.5
250
245
245
Moisture sensitivity precautions, as indicated on the packing, must be respected at all
times.
Studies have shown that small packages reach higher temperatures during reflow
soldering, see Figure 31.
PCF85176
Product data sheet
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Rev. 5 — 6 January 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
45 of 57
PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
temperature
maximum peak temperature
= MSL limit, damage level
minimum peak temperature
= minimum soldering temperature
peak
temperature
time
001aac844
MSL: Moisture Sensitivity Level
Fig 31. Temperature profiles for large and small components
For further information on temperature profiles, refer to Application Note AN10365
“Surface mount reflow soldering description”.
PCF85176
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 5 — 6 January 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
46 of 57
PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
19. Footprint information
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VROGHUODQG
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',0(16,216LQPP
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Fig 32. Footprint information for reflow soldering of SOT357-1 (TQFP64) of PCF85176H
PCF85176
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 5 — 6 January 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
47 of 57
PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
)RRWSULQWLQIRUPDWLRQIRUUHIORZVROGHULQJRI76623SDFNDJH
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Fig 33. Footprint information for reflow soldering of SOT364-1 (TSSOP56) of PCF85176T
PCF85176
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 5 — 6 January 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
48 of 57
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx x x x xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xx xx xxxxx
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx x x
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxx
NXP Semiconductors
PCF85176
Product data sheet
20. Appendix
20.1 LCD segment driver selection
Table 24.
Selection of LCD segment drivers
Type name
Number of elements at MUX
ffr (Hz)
Interface Package
AECQ100
PCA8553DTT
40
80
120 160 -
-
-
1.8 to 5.5 1.8 to 5.5 32 to 256[1]
N
N
40 to 105 I2C / SPI
TSSOP56 Y
PCA8546ATT
-
-
-
176 -
-
-
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 9
60 to 300[1]
N
N
40 to 95
I2C
TSSOP56 Y
PCA8546BTT
-
-
-
176 -
-
-
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 9
60 to 300[1]
N
N
40 to 95
SPI
TSSOP56 Y
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 9
60 to
300[1]
Y
40 to 95
I2C
TQFP64
Y
60 to
300[1]
Y
Y
40 to 95
SPI
TQFP64
Y
N
N
40 to 85
I2C
LQFP80
N
N
40 to 95
I2C
LQFP80
Y
Y
40 to 105
I2C
LQFP80
Y
TSSOP56 N
88
-
-
-
44
88
176 -
-
-
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 9
PCF85134HL
60
120 180 240 -
-
-
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 6.5 82
PCA8543AHL
60
60
120 180 240 120 -
240 -
-
-
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 8
2.5 to 5.5 2.5 to 9
82
Y
N
60 to
300[1]
300[1]
Y
PCF8545ATT
-
-
-
176 252 320 -
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 5.5 60 to
N
N
40 to 85
I2C
PCF8545BTT
-
-
-
176 252 320 -
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 5.5 60 to 300[1]
N
N
40 to 85
SPI
TSSOP56 N
PCF8536AT
-
-
-
176 252 320 -
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 9
60 to 300[1]
N
N
40 to 85
I2C
TSSOP56 N
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 9
60 to
300[1]
N
N
40 to 85
SPI
TSSOP56 N
300[1]
TSSOP56 Y
PCF8536BT
-
-
-
176 252 320 -
-
-
-
176 252 320 -
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 9
60 to
N
N
40 to 95
PCA8536BT
-
-
-
176 252 320 -
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 9
60 to 300[1]
N
N
40 to 95
SPI
TSSOP56 Y
PCF8537AH
44
88
-
176 276 352 -
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 9
60 to 300[1]
Y
Y
40 to 85
I2C
TQFP64
N
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 9
60 to
300[1]
Y
Y
40 to 85
SPI
TQFP64
N
300[1]
Y
Y
40 to 95
I2C
TQFP64
Y
Y
Y
40 to 95
SPI
TQFP64
Y
Y
40 to 105
I2C
LQFP80
Y
Y
40 to 105
I2C
Bare die
Y
PCF8537BH
44
88
-
176 276 352 -
49 of 57
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
PCA8537AH
44
88
-
176 276 352 -
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 9
60 to
PCA8537BH
44
88
-
176 276 352 -
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 9
60 to 300[1]
2.5 to 5.5 2.5 to 9
60 to
300[1]
60 to
300[1]
PCA9620H
PCA9620U
60
60
120 120 -
240 320 480 240 320 480 -
2.5 to 5.5 2.5 to 9
Y
Y
PCF8576DU
40
80
120 160 -
-
-
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 6.5 77
N
N
40 to 85
I2C
Bare die
N
PCF8576EUG
40
80
120 160 -
-
-
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 6.5 77
N
N
40 to 85
I2C
Bare die
N
N
40 to 105
I2C
Bare die
Y
N
40 to 85
I2C
Bare die
N
N
40 to 95
I2C
Bare die
Y
PCA8576FUG
PCF85133U
PCA85133U
40
80
80
80
120 160 -
160 240 320 160 240 320 -
-
-
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 8
200
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 6.5 82,
110[2]
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 8
110[2]
82,
N
N
N
PCF85176
PCA8536AT
I2C
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
Rev. 5 — 6 January 2015
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
PCA8547BHT
PCA85134H
-
176 -
1:9
VLCD (V) VLCD (V)
Tamb (C)
charge temperature
pump
compensat.
1:2 1:3
44
1:6 1:8
VLCD (V)
1:1
PCA8547AHT
1:4
VDD (V)
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx x x x xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xx xx xxxxx
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx x x
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxx
Selection of LCD segment drivers …continued
Type name
Number of elements at MUX
ffr (Hz)
VLCD (V) VLCD (V)
Tamb (C)
charge temperature
pump
compensat.
AECQ100
PCA85233UG
80
160 240 320 -
-
-
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 8
150, 220[2]
N
N
40 to 105 I2C
Bare die
Y
PCF85132U
160 320 480 640 -
-
-
1.8 to 5.5 1.8 to 8
60 to 90[1]
N
N
40 to 85
I2C
Bare die
N
Y
40 to 105
I2C
Bare die
Y
N
40 to 95
I2C
Bare die
Y
N
N
40 to 95
I2C
Bare die
Y
Y
Y
40 to 85
I2C / SPI
Bare die
N
Y
40 to 105
I2C
Bare die
Y
PCA85132U
408 -
160 320 480 640 -
PCA85232U
160 320 480 640 -
PCF8538UG
102 204 -
PCA8538UG
102 204 -
Software programmable.
[2]
Hardware selectable.
-
-
2.5 to 5.5 4 to 12
1.8 to 5.5 1.8 to 8
1.8 to 5.5 1.8 to 8
45 to
300[1]
60 to
90[1]
117 to
176[1]
408 612 816 918 2.5 to 5.5 4 to 12
45 to 300[1]
408 612 816 918 2.5 to 5.5 4 to 12
300[1]
45 to
Y
N
Y
/ SPI
/ SPI
PCF85176
50 of 57
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
Rev. 5 — 6 January 2015
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[1]
-
1:9
Interface Package
1:2 1:3
102 204 -
1:6 1:8
VLCD (V)
1:1
PCA8530DUG
1:4
VDD (V)
NXP Semiconductors
PCF85176
Product data sheet
Table 24.
PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
21. Abbreviations
Table 25.
PCF85176
Product data sheet
Abbreviations
Acronym
Description
CMOS
Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
CDM
Charged Device Model
DC
Direct Current
HBM
Human Body Model
I2C
Inter-Integrated Circuit
IC
Integrated Circuit
LCD
Liquid Crystal Display
LSB
Least Significant Bit
MSB
Most Significant Bit
MSL
Moisture Sensitivity Level
PCB
Printed-Circuit Board
POR
Power-On Reset
RAM
Random Access Memory
RC
Resistance and Capacitance
RMS
Root Mean Square
SCL
Serial CLock line
SDA
Serial DAta Line
SMD
Surface-Mount Device
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51 of 57
PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
22. References
[1]
AN10365 — Surface mount reflow soldering description
[2]
AN10853 — ESD and EMC sensitivity of IC
[3]
IEC 60134 — Rating systems for electronic tubes and valves and analogous
semiconductor devices
[4]
IEC 61340-5 — Protection of electronic devices from electrostatic phenomena
[5]
IPC/JEDEC J-STD-020D — Moisture/Reflow Sensitivity Classification for
Nonhermetic Solid State Surface Mount Devices
[6]
JESD22-A114 — Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Sensitivity Testing Human Body
Model (HBM)
[7]
JESD22-C101 — Field-Induced Charged-Device Model Test Method for
Electrostatic-Discharge-Withstand Thresholds of Microelectronic Components
[8]
JESD78 — IC Latch-Up Test
[9]
JESD625-A — Requirements for Handling Electrostatic-Discharge-Sensitive
(ESDS) Devices
[10] SOT357-1_518 — TSSOP64; Reel pack; SMD, 13", packing information
[11] SOT364-1_118 — TSSOP56; Reel pack; SMD, 13", packing information
[12] UM10204 — I2C-bus specification and user manual
[13] UM10569 — Store and transport requirements
23. Revision history
Table 26.
Revision history
Document ID
Release date
Data sheet status
Change notice
Supersedes
PCF85176 v.5
20150106
Product data sheet
-
PCF85176 v.4
Modifications:
•
The format of this data sheet has been redesigned to comply with the new identity guidelines
of NXP Semiconductors.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Legal texts have been adapted to the new company name where appropriate.
Adjusted ESD values in Table 18
Changed IDD(LCD) values in Table 19
Changed fclk(int) typical value in Table 20
Changed Section 17.1
Adjusted Figure 24
PCF85176 v.4
20130610
Product data sheet
-
PCF85176 v.3
PCF85176 v.3
20120905
Product data sheet
-
PCF85176 v.2
PCF85176 v.2
20110627
Product data sheet
-
PCF85176 v.1
PCF85176 v.1
20100414
Product data sheet
-
-
PCF85176
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 5 — 6 January 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
52 of 57
PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
24. Legal information
24.1 Data sheet status
Document status[1][2]
Product status[3]
Definition
Objective [short] data sheet
Development
This document contains data from the objective specification for product development.
Preliminary [short] data sheet
Qualification
This document contains data from the preliminary specification.
Product [short] data sheet
Production
This document contains the product specification.
[1]
Please consult the most recently issued document before initiating or completing a design.
[2]
The term ‘short data sheet’ is explained in section “Definitions”.
[3]
The product status of device(s) described in this document may have changed since this document was published and may differ in case of multiple devices. The latest product status
information is available on the Internet at URL http://www.nxp.com.
24.2 Definitions
Draft — The document is a draft version only. The content is still under
internal review and subject to formal approval, which may result in
modifications or additions. NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties as to the accuracy or completeness of
information included herein and shall have no liability for the consequences of
use of such information.
Short data sheet — A short data sheet is an extract from a full data sheet
with the same product type number(s) and title. A short data sheet is intended
for quick reference only and should not be relied upon to contain detailed and
full information. For detailed and full information see the relevant full data
sheet, which is available on request via the local NXP Semiconductors sales
office. In case of any inconsistency or conflict with the short data sheet, the
full data sheet shall prevail.
Product specification — The information and data provided in a Product
data sheet shall define the specification of the product as agreed between
NXP Semiconductors and its customer, unless NXP Semiconductors and
customer have explicitly agreed otherwise in writing. In no event however,
shall an agreement be valid in which the NXP Semiconductors product is
deemed to offer functions and qualities beyond those described in the
Product data sheet.
24.3 Disclaimers
Limited warranty and liability — Information in this document is believed to
be accurate and reliable. However, NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy or
completeness of such information and shall have no liability for the
consequences of use of such information. NXP Semiconductors takes no
responsibility for the content in this document if provided by an information
source outside of NXP Semiconductors.
In no event shall NXP Semiconductors be liable for any indirect, incidental,
punitive, special or consequential damages (including - without limitation - lost
profits, lost savings, business interruption, costs related to the removal or
replacement of any products or rework charges) whether or not such
damages are based on tort (including negligence), warranty, breach of
contract or any other legal theory.
Notwithstanding any damages that customer might incur for any reason
whatsoever, NXP Semiconductors’ aggregate and cumulative liability towards
customer for the products described herein shall be limited in accordance
with the Terms and conditions of commercial sale of NXP Semiconductors.
Right to make changes — NXP Semiconductors reserves the right to make
changes to information published in this document, including without
limitation specifications and product descriptions, at any time and without
notice. This document supersedes and replaces all information supplied prior
to the publication hereof.
PCF85176
Product data sheet
Suitability for use in automotive applications — This NXP
Semiconductors product has been qualified for use in automotive
applications. Unless otherwise agreed in writing, the product is not designed,
authorized or warranted to be suitable for use in life support, life-critical or
safety-critical systems or equipment, nor in applications where failure or
malfunction of an NXP Semiconductors product can reasonably be expected
to result in personal injury, death or severe property or environmental
damage. NXP Semiconductors and its suppliers accept no liability for
inclusion and/or use of NXP Semiconductors products in such equipment or
applications and therefore such inclusion and/or use is at the customer's own
risk.
Applications — Applications that are described herein for any of these
products are for illustrative purposes only. NXP Semiconductors makes no
representation or warranty that such applications will be suitable for the
specified use without further testing or modification.
Customers are responsible for the design and operation of their applications
and products using NXP Semiconductors products, and NXP Semiconductors
accepts no liability for any assistance with applications or customer product
design. It is customer’s sole responsibility to determine whether the NXP
Semiconductors product is suitable and fit for the customer’s applications and
products planned, as well as for the planned application and use of
customer’s third party customer(s). Customers should provide appropriate
design and operating safeguards to minimize the risks associated with their
applications and products.
NXP Semiconductors does not accept any liability related to any default,
damage, costs or problem which is based on any weakness or default in the
customer’s applications or products, or the application or use by customer’s
third party customer(s). Customer is responsible for doing all necessary
testing for the customer’s applications and products using NXP
Semiconductors products in order to avoid a default of the applications and
the products or of the application or use by customer’s third party
customer(s). NXP does not accept any liability in this respect.
Limiting values — Stress above one or more limiting values (as defined in
the Absolute Maximum Ratings System of IEC 60134) will cause permanent
damage to the device. Limiting values are stress ratings only and (proper)
operation of the device at these or any other conditions above those given in
the Recommended operating conditions section (if present) or the
Characteristics sections of this document is not warranted. Constant or
repeated exposure to limiting values will permanently and irreversibly affect
the quality and reliability of the device.
Terms and conditions of commercial sale — NXP Semiconductors
products are sold subject to the general terms and conditions of commercial
sale, as published at http://www.nxp.com/profile/terms, unless otherwise
agreed in a valid written individual agreement. In case an individual
agreement is concluded only the terms and conditions of the respective
agreement shall apply. NXP Semiconductors hereby expressly objects to
applying the customer’s general terms and conditions with regard to the
purchase of NXP Semiconductors products by customer.
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 5 — 6 January 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
53 of 57
PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
No offer to sell or license — Nothing in this document may be interpreted or
construed as an offer to sell products that is open for acceptance or the grant,
conveyance or implication of any license under any copyrights, patents or
other industrial or intellectual property rights.
Translations — A non-English (translated) version of a document is for
reference only. The English version shall prevail in case of any discrepancy
between the translated and English versions.
Export control — This document as well as the item(s) described herein
may be subject to export control regulations. Export might require a prior
authorization from competent authorities.
24.4 Trademarks
Notice: All referenced brands, product names, service names and trademarks
are the property of their respective owners.
I2C-bus — logo is a trademark of NXP Semiconductors N.V.
25. Contact information
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
PCF85176
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 5 — 6 January 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
54 of 57
PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
26. Tables
Table 1.
Table 2.
Table 3.
Table 4.
Table 5.
Table 6.
Table 7.
Table 8.
Table 9.
Table 10.
Table 11.
Table 12.
Table 13.
Table 14.
Table 15.
Table 16.
Table 17.
Table 18.
Table 19.
Table 20.
Table 21.
Table 22.
Table 23.
Table 24.
Table 25.
Table 26.
Ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Ordering options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Marking codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Pin description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Definition of PCF85176 commands . . . . . . . . . .6
C bit description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Mode-set command bit description . . . . . . . . . .7
Load-data-pointer command bit description . . . .7
Device-select command bit description . . . . . . .8
Bank-select command bit description . . . . . . . .8
Blink-select command bit description . . . . . . . . .9
Blink frequencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Selection of possible display configurations . . . 11
Biasing characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Standard RAM filling in 1:3 multiplex drive
mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
Entire RAM filling by rewriting in 1:3 multiplex
drive mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
I2C slave address byte . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
Limiting values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Static characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
Dynamic characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Addressing cascaded PCF85176 . . . . . . . . . .38
SnPb eutectic process (from J-STD-020D) . . .45
Lead-free process (from J-STD-020D) . . . . . .45
Selection of LCD segment drivers . . . . . . . . . .49
Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51
Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52
PCF85176
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 5 — 6 January 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
55 of 57
PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
27. Figures
Fig 1.
Fig 2.
Fig 3.
Fig 4.
Fig 5.
Fig 6.
Fig 7.
Fig 8.
Fig 9.
Fig 10.
Fig 11.
Fig 12.
Fig 13.
Fig 14.
Fig 15.
Fig 16.
Fig 17.
Fig 18.
Fig 19.
Fig 20.
Fig 21.
Fig 22.
Fig 23.
Fig 24.
Fig 25.
Fig 26.
Fig 27.
Fig 28.
Fig 29.
Fig 30.
Fig 31.
Fig 32.
Fig 33.
Block diagram of PCF85176 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Pinning diagram for TQFP64 (PCF85176H) . . . . .4
Pinning diagram for TSSOP56 (PCF85176T) . . . .4
Example of displays suitable for PCF85176 . . . . 11
Typical system configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Electro-optical characteristic: relative
transmission curve of the liquid . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Static drive mode waveforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Waveforms for the 1:2 multiplex drive mode
with 1⁄2 bias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Waveforms for the 1:2 multiplex drive mode
with 1⁄3 bias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Waveforms for the 1:3 multiplex drive mode
with 1⁄3 bias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Waveforms for the 1:4 multiplex drive mode
with 1⁄3 bias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Display RAM bitmap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Relationship between LCD layout, drive mode,
display RAM filling order, and display data
transmitted over the I2C-bus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
RAM banks in static and multiplex driving
mode 1:2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Bank selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Example of the Bank-select command with
multiplex drive mode 1:2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
Bit transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
Definition of START and STOP conditions. . . . . .28
System configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Acknowledgement of the I2C-bus . . . . . . . . . . . .29
I2C-bus protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
Format of command byte . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
Device protection circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
Typical IDD with respect to VDD . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Driver timing waveforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
I2C-bus timing waveforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Cascaded PCF85176 configuration . . . . . . . . . . .39
Synchronization of the cascade for the various
PCF85176 drive modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
Package outline SOT357-1 (TQFP64) of
PCF85176H . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Package outline SOT364-1 (TSSOP56) of
PCF85176T . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
Temperature profiles for large and small
components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
Footprint information for reflow soldering of
SOT357-1 (TQFP64) of PCF85176H. . . . . . . . . .47
Footprint information for reflow soldering of
SOT364-1 (TSSOP56) of PCF85176T . . . . . . . .48
PCF85176
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 5 — 6 January 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
56 of 57
PCF85176
NXP Semiconductors
40 x 4 universal LCD driver for low multiplex rates
28. Contents
1
2
3
3.1
4
5
6
6.1
6.2
7
7.1
7.1.1
7.1.2
7.1.3
7.1.4
7.1.5
7.1.5.1
7.2
7.3
7.3.1
7.3.2
7.3.3
7.3.3.1
7.3.4
7.3.4.1
7.3.4.2
7.3.4.3
7.3.4.4
7.4
7.4.1
7.4.2
7.4.3
7.5
7.5.1
7.5.2
7.6
7.6.1
7.6.2
7.6.3
7.6.4
7.6.5
7.6.5.1
7.6.5.2
7.6.5.3
8
8.1
General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Features and benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Ordering options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Marking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Block diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Pinning information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Pinning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Pin description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Functional description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Commands of PCF85176 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Command: mode-set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Command: load-data-pointer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Command: device-select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Command: bank-select. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Command: blink-select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Blinking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Power-On Reset (POR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Possible display configurations . . . . . . . . . . . 11
LCD bias generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Display register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
LCD voltage selector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Electro-optical performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
LCD drive mode waveforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Static drive mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
1:2 Multiplex drive mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
1:3 Multiplex drive mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
1:4 Multiplex drive mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Oscillator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Internal clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
External clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Backplane and segment outputs . . . . . . . . . . 20
Backplane outputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Segment outputs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Display RAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Data pointer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Subaddress counter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
RAM writing in 1:3 multiplex drive mode. . . . . 24
Writing over the RAM address boundary . . . . 25
Bank selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Output bank selector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Input bank selector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
RAM bank switching . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Characteristics of the I2C-bus . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Bit transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.7
9
10
11
12
13
14
14.1
15
16
17
17.1
18
18.1
18.2
18.3
18.4
19
20
20.1
21
22
23
24
24.1
24.2
24.3
24.4
25
26
27
28
START and STOP conditions. . . . . . . . . . . . .
System configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Acknowledge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I2C-bus controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Input filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I2C-bus protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Internal circuitry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety notes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Limiting values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Static characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dynamic characteristics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Application information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cascaded operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Package outline. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Handling information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Packing information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tape and reel information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Soldering of SMD packages . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Introduction to soldering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wave and reflow soldering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wave soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reflow soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Footprint information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Appendix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LCD segment driver selection . . . . . . . . . . . .
Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
References. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Legal information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data sheet status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disclaimers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contact information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
28
28
29
30
30
30
32
33
33
34
36
38
38
41
43
44
44
44
44
44
45
45
47
49
49
51
52
52
53
53
53
53
54
54
55
56
57
Please be aware that important notices concerning this document and the product(s)
described herein, have been included in section ‘Legal information’.
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015.
All rights reserved.
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
Date of release: 6 January 2015
Document identifier: PCF85176
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