AP65452

AP65452
4A, 18V, 650kHz ADAPTIVE COT STEP-DOWN CONVERTER
Description
Pin Assignments
ADVANCED INFORMATION
The AP65452 is an adaptive, constant, on-time mode synchronous
buck converter, providing high efficiency, excellent transient response
and high DC output accuracy for low-voltage regulation in digital TVs
and monitors.
( Top View )
The constant on-time control scheme handles wide input/output
voltage ratios and provides low external component count. The
internal proprietary circuit enables the device to adopt both low
equivalent series resistance (ESR) output capacitors, such as
SP-CAP or POSCAP and ultra-low ESR ceramic capacitors.
EN
1
8
VIN
FB
2
7
BS
VREG5
3
6
SW
SS
4
5
GND
SO-8EP
The AP65452 features programmable soft-start, UVLO, OTP and
OCP to protect the circuit.
Applications
This IC is available in SO-8EP package.
Features














Fixed Frequency Emulated Constant On-Time Control
Good Stability Independent of the Output Capacitor ESR
Fast Load Transient Response
Synchronous Rectification: 65mΩ Internal High-Side Switch and
36mΩ Internal Low-Side Switch
Wide Input Voltage Range: 4.5V to 18V
Output Voltage Range: 0.76V to 6V
4A Continuous Output Current
650kHz Switching Frequency
Built-in Overcurrent Limit
Built-in Thermal Shutdown Protection
Programmable Soft-Start
Pre-biased Start-up
Totally Lead-Free & Fully RoHS Compliant (Notes 1 & 2)
Halogen and Antimony Free. “Green” Device (Note 3)
Notes:









Gaming Consoles
Flat Screen TV Sets and Monitors
Set-Top Boxes
Distributed Power Systems
Home Audio
Consumer Electronics
Network Systems
FPGA, DSP and ASIC Supplies
Green Electronics
1. No purposely added lead. Fully EU Directive 2002/95/EC (RoHS) & 2011/65/EU (RoHS 2) compliant.
2. See http://www.diodes.com/quality/lead_free.html for more information about Diodes Incorporated’s definitions of Halogen- and Antimony-free, "Green"
and Lead-free.
3. Halogen- and Antimony-free "Green” products are defined as those which contain <900ppm bromine, <900ppm chlorine (<1500ppm total Br + Cl) and
<1000ppm antimony compounds.
Typical Applications Circuit
INPUT
VIN
12V
7
BST
8
IN
ON
OFF
1
EN
6
SW
L1
C5
0.1µF 1.5μH
AP65452
R1
8.25kΩ
R2
22.1kΩ
2
FB
C1
20μF
C4
8.2nF
4
SS
5
GND
3
VREG5
OUTPUT
VOUT
1.05V
C2
44μF
C3
1µF
Figure 1 Typical Application Circuit
AP65452
Document number: DS37305 Rev. 3 - 2
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AP65452
ADVANCED INFORMATION
Pin Descriptions
Pin
Name
Pin Number
EN
1
Enable input. EN is a digital input that turns the regulator on or off. Drive EN high to turn on the regulator, drive it low
to turn off. Pull up with 100kΩ resistor for automatic startup.
FB
2
Feedback Input. FB senses the output voltage and regulates it. Drive FB with a resistive voltage divider connected to
it from the output voltage.
VREG5
3
Internal power supply output pin to connect an additional capacitor. Connect a 1μF (typical) capacitor as close as
possible to the VREG5 and GND. This pin is not active when EN is low.
SS
4
Soft-start control input pin. SS controls the soft start period. Connect a capacitor from SS to GND to set the soft-start
period.
GND
5
Ground pin is the main power ground for the switching circuit.
SW
6
Power Switching Output. SW is the switching node that supplies power to the output. Connect the output LC filter
from SW to the output load. Note that a capacitor is required from SW to BS to power the high-side switch.
BS
7
Bootstrap pin. A bootstrap capacitor is connected between the BS pin and SW pin. The voltage across the bootstrap
capacitor drives the internal high-side NMOS switch. A 0.1μF (typical) capacitor is required for proper operation.
VIN
8
Supply input pin. A capacitor should be connected between the VIN pin and GND pin to keep the DC input voltage
constant.
EP
Function
SO-8EP
Connect the exposed thermal pad to GND on the PCB.
Functional Block Diagram
Figure 2 Functional Block Diagram
AP65452
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AP65452
Absolute Maximum Ratings (Note 4) (@TA = +25°C, unless otherwise specified.)
ADVANCED INFORMATION
Notes:
4. Stresses greater than the 'Absolute Maximum Ratings' specified above may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only;
functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions exceeding those indicated in this specification is not implied. Device reliability may
be affected by exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods of time.
5. Semiconductor devices are ESD sensitive and may be damaged by exposure to ESD events. Suitable ESD precautions should be taken when
handling and transporting these devices.
Thermal Resistance (Note 6)
Note:
Symbol
Parameter
Rating
Unit
θJA
Junction to Ambient
SO-8EP
39.4
°C/W
θJC
Junction to Case
SO-8EP
8.6
°C/W
6. Test condition: SO-8: Device mounted on 2" x 2" FR-4 substrate PC board, 2oz copper with minimum recommended pad layout.
Recommended Operating Conditions (Note 7) (@TA = +25°C, unless otherwise specified.)
Symbol
Note:
Min
Max
VIN
Supply Voltage
Parameter
4.5
18.0
Unit
V
TJ
Operating Junction Temperature Range
-40
+125
°C
TA
Operating Ambient Temperature Range
-40
+85
°C
7. The device function is not guaranteed outside of the recommended operating conditions.
AP65452
Document number: DS37305 Rev. 3 - 2
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AP65452
Electrical Characteristics
ADVANCED INFORMATION
Parameter
SUPPLY VOLTAGE (VIN PIN)
Input Voltage
Quiescent Current
Shutdown Supply Current
UNDER VOLTAGE LOCKOUT
(@TA = +25°C, VIN = 12V, unless otherwise specified.)
Symbol
VIN
IQ
ISHDN
UVLO Threshold
VUVLO
UVLO Hysteresis
VHYS
ENABLE (EN PIN)
EN High-level Input Voltage
EN Low-level Input Voltage
VOLTAGE REFERENCE (FB PIN)
Feedback Voltage
Feedback Bias Current
VREG5 OUTPUT
VREG5 Output Voltage
Source Current Capability
Load Regulation
Line Regulation
Conditions

VFB=0.85V
VEN=0V
VIN Rising Test VREG5
Voltage
VIN Falling Test VREG5
Voltage


VENH
VENL
VFB
IFB
VVREG5



VOUT=1.05V
VFB=0.8V
6.0V<VIN<18V 0<IVREG5<5mA
VIN=6V, VVREG5=4V
0<IVREG5<5mA
6.0V<VIN<18V IVREG5=5mA
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
4.5



0.9
3.6
18

10
V
mA
μA
3.45
3.75
4.05
V
0.19
0.32
0.45
V
1.9




0.6
V
V
0.753
-0.1
0.765
0
0.777
0.1
V
μA
4.7
5.1
5.5
V



110



60
mA
mV
20
mV
MOSFET
High-side Switch On-resistance
RDSONH


0.075

Ω
Low-side Switch On-resistance
RDSONL


0.036

Ω
L=1.5μH
4.6
5.3
6.8
A
VIN=12V, VOUT=1.05V
VFB=0.7V


150
260

310
ns
ns


160
30


ºC
ºC
4.2
0.1
6.0
0.2
7.8

μA
mA
CURRENT LIMIT
High Level Current Limit
ON-TIME TIMER
On Time
Minimum Off Time
THERMAL SHUTDOWN
Thermal Shutdown
Thermal Shutdown Hysteresis
SOFT START (SS PIN)
Soft-Start Source Current
Soft-Start Discharge Current
AP65452
Document number: DS37305 Rev. 3 - 2
ILIM-H
tON
tOFF-MIN


TOTSD
THYS
ISS-SOURCE
ISS-DISCHARGE
VSS=1.2V
VSS=0.5V
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AP65452
Typical Performance Characteristics (@TA = +25°C, VIN = 12V, VOUT = 1.05V, unless otherwise specified.)
ADVANCED INFORMATION
85˚C
25˚C
-40˚C
85˚C
25˚C
-40˚C
IO=0A
VIN=18V
VIN=12V
IO=1A
VIN=4.5V
AP65452
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AP65452
Typical Performance Characteristics (continued) (@TA = +25°C, VIN = 12V, VOUT = 1.05V, unless otherwise specified.)
VO=1.8V
VO=3.3V
Vo=5V
Vo=3.3V
Vo=2.5V
Vo=1.8V
Vo=1.5V
ADVANCED INFORMATION
VO=1.05V
Vo=1.05V
Vo=1.2V
AP65452
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AP65452
Typical Performance Characteristics (cont.)
(@TA = +25°C, VIN = 12V, VOUT = 1.05V, L = 1.5µH, C1 = 20µF, C2 = 44µF, unless otherwise specified.)
Steady State Test 4A
Startup Through VIN No Load
Startup Through VIN 4A Load
VIN_AC (500mV/DIV)
VIN (12V/DIV)
VIN (12V/DIV)
VOUT (1V/DIV)
VOUT (1V/DIV)
IOUT (500mA/DIV)
IOUT (4A/DIV)
SW (10V/DIV)
SW (10V/DIV)
ADVANCED INFORMATION
VOUT_AC (50mV/DIV)
ISW (4A/DIV)
SW (5V/DIV)
Time-1µs/div
Startup with VREG5 No Load
Time-500µs/div
Shutdown Through VIN No load
VIN (12V/DIV)
Time-500µs/div
Shutdown Through VIN 4A Load
VIN (12V/DIV)
EN (3V/DIV)
VOUT (1V/DIV)
VOUT (1V/DIV)
VREG5 (5V/DIV)
IOUT (500mA/DIV)
IOUT (4A/DIV)
VOUT (500mV/DIV)
SW (10V/DIV)
SW (10V/DIV)
Time-1ms/div
Time-50ms/div
Time-200µs/div
Startup Through VEN No Load
Startup Through VEN 4A Load
Short Circuit Test
VEN (3V/DIV)
VEN (3V/DIV)
VOUT (1V/DIV)
VOUT (1V/DIV)
VOUT (500mV/DIV)
IOUT (4A/DIV)
IOUT (500mA/DIV)
SW (10V/DIV)
SW (10V/DIV)
IOUT (2A/DIV)
Time-500µs/div
Shutdown Through VEN No load
Time-100µs/div
Time-500µs/div
Shutdown Through VEN 4A Load
Short Circuit Recovery
VEN (3V/DIV)
VEN (3V/DIV)
VOUT (500mV/DIV)
VOUT (1V/DIV)
VOUT (1V/DIV)
IOUT (500mA/DIV)
IOUT (4A/DIV)
SW (10V/DIV)
SW (10V/DIV)
IOUT (2A/DIV)
Time-20ms/div
Time-20ms/div
Time-1ms/div
1.05V Load Transient Response
Voltage Ripple at Output (IO=4A)
Voltage Ripple at Input (IO=4A)
VOUT (50mV/DIV)
VOUT_AC (20mV/DIV)
VIN_AC (100mV/DIV)
IOUT (2A/DIV)
SW (5V/DIV)
Time-100µs/div
AP65452
Document number: DS37305 Rev. 3 - 2
SW (5V/DIV)
Time-400ns/div
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AP65452
Application Information
R3
VIN
100KΩ
EN
1
R1
ADVANCED INFORMATION
VOUT
EN
VIN
BS
FB
3
R2
22.1KΩ
C7
4
C5
1µF
VREG5
SW
SS
C4
8.2nF
8
C2
10µF
C6
AP65452
2
8.25KΩ
C1
10µF
GND
7
6
0.1µF
VOUT
1.5µH
L1
5
EP
C8
22µF
C9
22µF
Figure 3 Typical Application of AP65452
PWM Operation and Adaptive On-time Control
The AP65452 is a synchronous step-down converter with internal power MOSFETs. Adaptive constant on-time (COT) control is employed to
provide fast transient response and easy loop stabilization. At the beginning of each cycle, the high-side MOSFET is turned on. This MOSFET is
turned off after an internal one shot timer expires. This one shot is set by the converter input voltage (VIN), and the output voltage (VOUT) to
maintain a pseudo-fixed frequency over the input voltage range, hence it is called adaptive on-time control. The output voltage variation is sensed
by FB voltage. The one-shot timer is reset and the high-side MOSFET is turned on again when FB voltage falls below the 0.76V.
AP65452 uses an adaptive on-time control scheme and does not have a dedicated in board oscillator. It runs with a pseudo-constant frequency of
650kHz by using the input voltage and output voltage to set the on-time one-shot timer. The on-time is inversely proportional to the input voltage
and proportional to the output voltage. It can be calculated using the following equation:
TON 
VOUT
VIN  f
VOUT is the output voltage
VIN is the input voltage
f is the switching frequency
After an ON-time period, the AP65452 goes into the OFF-time period. The OFF-time period length depends on VFB in most case. It will end when
the FB voltage decreases below 0.76V, then the ON-time period is triggered. If the OFF-time period is less than the minimum OFF time, the
minimum OFF time will be applied, which is about 260ns typical.
Enable
Above the ‘EN high-level input voltage,’ the internal regulator is turned on and the quiescent current can be measured above this threshold. The
enable (EN) input allows the user to control turning the regulator on or off. To enable the AP65452, EN must be pulled above the ‘EN high-level
input voltage,’ and to disable the AP65452, EN must be pulled below ‘EN low-level input voltage.’
In Figure 3, EN has a positive voltage through a 100KΩ pull-up to VIN. No supply input is required for EN.
Soft-start
The soft-start time of the AP65452 is programmable by selecting different CSS values. When the EN pin becomes high, the CSS is charged by a
6μA current source, generating a ramp signal fed into non-inverting input of the error comparator. Reference voltage VREF, or the internal soft-start
voltage SS, (whichever is smaller), dominates the behavior of the non-inverting inputs of the error amplifier. Accordingly, the output voltage will
follow the SS signal and ramp up smoothly to its target level. The capacitor value required for a given soft-start ramp time can be expressed as:
t SS 
CSS  VFB
I SS
Where CSS is the required capacitor between SS pin and GND, tSS is the desired soft-start time and VFB is the feedback voltage.
AP65452
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AP65452
Application Information (continued)
ADVANCED INFORMATION
Overcurrent Protection (OCP)
Figure 4 shows the overcurrent protection (OCP) scheme of AP65452. In each switching cycle, the inductor current is sensed by monitoring the
low-side MOSFET in the OFF period. When the voltage between GND pin and SW pin is smaller than the overcurrent trip level, the OCP will be
triggered and the controller keeps the OFF state. A new switching cycle will begin when the measured voltage is larger than the limit voltage. The
internal counter is incremented when OCP is triggered. After sixteen sequential cycles, the internal OCL (Overcurrent Logic) threshold is set to a
lower level, reducing the available output current. When a switching cycle occurs where the switch current is below the lower OCL threshold, the
counter is reset and the OCL limit is returned to a higher value.
Because the RDS(ON) of MOSFET increases with temperature, VLimit has xppm/oC temperature coefficient to compensate this temperature
dependency of RDS(ON).
R
S Q
Q1
-266mV
OC
COMPARATOR
Q2
Figure 4 Overcurrent Protection Scheme
Under Voltage Lockout
The AP65452 provides an under voltage lockout circuit to prevent it from undefined status during startup. The UVLO circuit shuts down the device
when VIN drops below 3.45V. The UVLO circuit has 320mV hysteresis, which means the device starts up again when VREG rises to 3.75V (nonlatch).
Thermal shutdown
If the junction temperature of the device reaches the thermal shutdown limit of 160°C, the AP65452 shuts itself off, and both HMOS and LMOS will
be turned off. The output is discharged with the internal transistor. When the junction cools to the required level (130°C nominal), the device
initiates soft-start as during a normal power-up cycle.
Setting the Output Voltage
The output voltage can be adjusted from 1.000 to 5V using an external resistor divider. Table 1 shows a list of resistor selections for common
output voltages. Resistor R1 is selected based on a design tradeoff between efficiency and output voltage accuracy. For high values of R1 there
is less current consumption in the feedback network. However, the tradeoff is output voltage accuracy due to the bias current in the error
amplifier. R1 can be determined by the following equation:
V

R1  R 2   OUT  1
0.765


Output Voltage (V)
1
1.05
1.2
1.5
1.8
2.5
3.3
5
Document number: DS37305 Rev. 3 - 2
R2 (kΩ)
22.1
22.1
22.1
22.1
22.1
22.1
22.1
22.1
Table 1 Resistor Selection for Common Output
Figure 5 Feedback Divider Network
AP65452
R1 (kΩ)
6.81
8.25
12.7
21.5
30.1
49.9
73.2
124
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AP65452
Application Information (cont.)
Inductor
ADVANCED INFORMATION
Calculating the inductor value is a critical factor in designing a buck converter. For most designs, the following equation can be used to calculate
the inductor value:
L
VOUT  (VIN  VOUT )
VIN  ΔIL  fSW
Where ΔIL is the inductor ripple current, and fSW is the buck converter switching frequency.
Choose the inductor ripple current to be 30% of the maximum load current. The maximum inductor peak current is calculated from:
IL(MAX)  ILOAD 
ΔIL
2
Peak current determines the required saturation current rating, which influences the size of the inductor. Saturating the inductor decreases the
converter efficiency, while increasing the temperatures of the inductor and the internal MOSFETs. Hence, choosing an inductor with an
appropriate saturation current rating is important.
A 1µH to 3.3µH inductor with a DC current rating of at least 25% percent higher than the maximum load current is recommended for most
applications. For highest efficiency, the inductor’s DC resistance should be less than 100mΩ. Use a larger inductance for improved efficiency
under light load conditions.
The phase boost can be achieved by adding an additional feed forward capacitor (C7) in parallel with R1.
Output Voltage
(V)
1
1.05
1.2
1.5
1.8
2.5
3.3
5
C10
(pF)




5 - 22
5 - 22
5 - 22
5 - 22
L1
(µH)
1.0 - 1.5
1.0 - 1.5
1.0 - 1.5
1.5
1.5
2.2
2.2
3.3
C5+C9
(µF)
22 - 68
22 - 68
22 - 68
22 - 68
22 - 68
22 - 68
22 - 68
22 - 68
Table 2 Recommended Component Selection
Input Capacitor
The input capacitor reduces the surge current drawn from the input supply and the switching noise from the device. The input capacitor has to
sustain the ripple current produced during the on time on the upper MOSFET. It must have a low ESR to minimize the losses.
The RMS current rating of the input capacitor is a critical parameter that must be higher than the RMS input current. As a rule of thumb, select an
input capacitor which has RMS rating greater than half of the maximum load current.
Due to large dI/dt through the input capacitors, electrolytic or ceramics should be used. If a tantalum must be used it must be surge protected,
otherwise, capacitor failure could occur. For most applications greater than 10µF, a ceramic capacitor is sufficient.
Output Capacitor
The output capacitor keeps the output voltage ripple small, ensures feedback loop stability and reduces the overshoot of the output voltage. The
output capacitor is a basic component for the fast response of the power supply. In fact, during load transient, for the first few microseconds it
supplies the current to the load. The converter recognizes the load transient and sets the duty cycle to maximum, but the current slope is limited
by the inductor value.
AP65452
Document number: DS37305 Rev. 3 - 2
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AP65452
Application Information (cont.)
Output Capacitor (cont.)
The maximum capacitance required can be calculated from the following equation:
ESR of the output capacitor dominates the output voltage ripple. The amount of ripple can be calculated from the equation below:
ADVANCED INFORMATION
Vout capacitor  ΔIinductor * ESR
An output capacitor with ample capacitance and low ESR is the best option. For most applications, a 22µF to 68µF ceramic capacitor will be
sufficient.
ΔIinductor 2
)
2
Co 
2
(Δ V  Vout )  Vout2
L(Iout 
Where ΔV is the maximum output voltage overshoot.
Bootstrap Capacitor
To ensure the proper operation, a ceramic capacitor must be connected between the VBST and SW pin. A 0.1µF ceramic capacitor is sufficient.
VREG5 Capacitor
To ensure the proper operation, a ceramic capacitor must be connected between the VREG5 and GND pin. A 1µF ceramic capacitor is sufficient.
PC Board Layout
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
The AP65452 works at 4A load current; heat dissipation is a major concern in layout the PCB. A 2oz Copper in both top and bottom
layer is recommended.
Provide sufficient vias in the thermal exposed pad for heat dissipate to the bottom layer.
Provide sufficient vias in the Output capacitor GND side to dissipate heat to the bottom layer.
Make the bottom layer under the device as GND layer for heat dissipation. The GND layer should be as large as possible to provide
better thermal effect.
Make the Vin capacitors as close to the device as possible.
Make the VREG5 capacitor as close to the device as possible.
The thermal pad of the device should be soldered directly to the PCB exposed copper plane to work as a heatsink. The thermal vias in
the exposed copper plane increase the heat transfer to the bottom layer.
Figure 6 PC Board Layout
AP65452
Document number: DS37305 Rev. 3 - 2
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AP65452
Ordering Information
ADVANCED INFORMATION
AP65452 XX - 13
Package
Packing
SP : SO-8EP
13 : Tape & Reel
Part Number
Package Code
Package
AP65452SP-13
SP
SO-8EP
Identification Code
Tape and Reel
Quantity
Part Number Suffix
2,500
-13
Marking Information
(1) SO-8EP
( Top View )
5
8
Logo
YY : Year : 08, 09,10~
WW : Week : 01~52; 52
represents 52 and 53 week
E : SO-8EP Blank SO-8
G : Green
X : Internal Code
AP65452
YY WW X X E
Part No
1
4
Package Outline Dimensions (All dimensions in mm.)
Please see AP02002 at http://www.diodes.com/datasheets/ap02002.pdf for the latest version.
Exposed Pad
8
5
E1
1
H
4
F
b
Bottom View
E
9° (All sides)
N
7°
A
e
D
A1
AP65452
Document number: DS37305 Rev. 3 - 2
45°
Q
C
4° ± 3°
Gauge Plane
Seating Plane
E0
SO-8EP (SOP-8L-EP)
Dim Min Max Typ
A 1.40 1.50 1.45
A1 0.00 0.13
b 0.30 0.50 0.40
C 0.15 0.25 0.20
D 4.85 4.95 4.90
E 3.80 3.90 3.85
E0 3.85 3.95 3.90
E1 5.90 6.10 6.00
e
1.27
F 2.75 3.35 3.05
H 2.11 2.71 2.41
L 0.62 0.82 0.72
N
0.35
Q 0.60 0.70 0.65
All Dimensions in mm
L
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AP65452
Suggested Pad Layout
Please see AP02001 at http://www.diodes.com/datasheets/ap02001.pdf for the latest version.
X2
ADVANCED INFORMATION
Dimensions
C
X
X1
X2
Y
Y1
Y2
Y1
Y2
X1
Value
(in mm)
1.270
0.802
3.502
4.612
1.505
2.613
6.500
Y
C
X
IMPORTANT NOTICE
DIODES INCORPORATED MAKES NO WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, WITH REGARDS TO THIS DOCUMENT,
INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
(AND THEIR EQUIVALENTS UNDER THE LAWS OF ANY JURISDICTION).
Diodes Incorporated and its subsidiaries reserve the right to make modifications, enhancements, improvements, corrections or other changes
without further notice to this document and any product described herein. Diodes Incorporated does not assume any liability arising out of the
application or use of this document or any product described herein; neither does Diodes Incorporated convey any license under its patent or
trademark rights, nor the rights of others. Any Customer or user of this document or products described herein in such applications shall assume
all risks of such use and will agree to hold Diodes Incorporated and all the companies whose products are represented on Diodes Incorporated
website, harmless against all damages.
Diodes Incorporated does not warrant or accept any liability whatsoever in respect of any products purchased through unauthorized sales channel.
Should Customers purchase or use Diodes Incorporated products for any unintended or unauthorized application, Customers shall indemnify and
hold Diodes Incorporated and its representatives harmless against all claims, damages, expenses, and attorney fees arising out of, directly or
indirectly, any claim of personal injury or death associated with such unintended or unauthorized application.
Products described herein may be covered by one or more United States, international or foreign patents pending. Product names and markings
noted herein may also be covered by one or more United States, international or foreign trademarks.
This document is written in English but may be translated into multiple languages for reference. Only the English version of this document is the
final and determinative format released by Diodes Incorporated.
LIFE SUPPORT
Diodes Incorporated products are specifically not authorized for use as critical components in life support devices or systems without the express
written approval of the Chief Executive Officer of Diodes Incorporated. As used herein:
A. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems which:
1. are intended to implant into the body, or
2. support or sustain life and whose failure to perform when properly used in accordance with instructions for use provided in the
labeling can be reasonably expected to result in significant injury to the user.
B. A critical component is any component in a life support device or system whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected to cause the
failure of the life support device or to affect its safety or effectiveness.
Customers represent that they have all necessary expertise in the safety and regulatory ramifications of their life support devices or systems, and
acknowledge and agree that they are solely responsible for all legal, regulatory and safety-related requirements concerning their products and any
use of Diodes Incorporated products in such safety-critical, life support devices or systems, notwithstanding any devices- or systems-related
information or support that may be provided by Diodes Incorporated. Further, Customers must fully indemnify Diodes Incorporated and its
representatives against any damages arising out of the use of Diodes Incorporated products in such safety-critical, life support devices or systems.
Copyright © 2015, Diodes Incorporated
www.diodes.com
AP65452
Document number: DS37305 Rev. 3 - 2
13 of 13
www.diodes.com
August 2015
© Diodes Incorporated
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