ALTERA EPM3032A

MAX 3000A
Programmable Logic
Device Family
®
December 2002, ver. 3.2
Features...
Data Sheet
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High–performance, low–cost CMOS EEPROM–based programmable
logic devices (PLDs) built on a MAX® architecture (see Table 1)
3.3-V in-system programmability (ISP) through the built–in
IEEE Std. 1149.1 Joint Test Action Group (JTAG) interface with
advanced pin-locking capability
–
ISP circuitry compliant with IEEE Std. 1532
Built–in boundary-scan test (BST) circuitry compliant with
IEEE Std. 1149.1-1990
Enhanced ISP features:
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Enhanced ISP algorithm for faster programming
–
ISP_Done bit to ensure complete programming
–
Pull-up resistor on I/O pins during in–system programming
High–density PLDs ranging from 600 to 10,000 usable gates
4.5–ns pin–to–pin logic delays with counter frequencies of up to
227.3 MHz
MultiVoltTM I/O interface enabling the device core to run at 3.3 V,
while I/O pins are compatible with 5.0–V, 3.3–V, and 2.5–V logic
levels
Pin counts ranging from 44 to 256 in a variety of thin quad flat pack
(TQFP), plastic quad flat pack (PQFP), plastic J–lead chip carrier
(PLCC), and FineLine BGATM packages
Hot–socketing support
Programmable interconnect array (PIA) continuous routing structure
for fast, predictable performance
Table 1. MAX 3000A Device Features
Feature
EPM3032A
EPM3064A
EPM3128A
EPM3256A
EPM3512A
Usable gates
600
1,250
2,500
5,000
10,000
Macrocells
32
64
128
256
512
Logic array blocks
2
4
8
16
32
Maximum user I/O
pins
34
66
96
158
208
tPD (ns)
4.5
4.5
5.0
7.5
7.5
tSU (ns)
2.9
2.8
3.3
5.2
5.6
tCO1 (ns)
fCNT (MHz)
Altera Corporation
DS-MAX3000A-3.2
3.0
3.1
3.4
4.8
4.7
227.3
222.2
192.3
126.6
116.3
1
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
...and More
Features
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General
Description
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PCI compatible
Bus–friendly architecture including programmable slew–rate control
Open–drain output option
Programmable macrocell flipflops with individual clear, preset,
clock, and clock enable controls
Programmable power–saving mode for a power reduction of over
50% in each macrocell
Configurable expander product–term distribution, allowing up to
32 product terms per macrocell
Programmable security bit for protection of proprietary designs
Enhanced architectural features, including:
–
6 or 10 pin– or logic–driven output enable signals
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Two global clock signals with optional inversion
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Enhanced interconnect resources for improved routability
–
Programmable output slew–rate control
Software design support and automatic place–and–route provided
by Altera’s development systems for Windows–based PCs and Sun
SPARCstations, and HP 9000 Series 700/800 workstations
Additional design entry and simulation support provided by EDIF
2 0 0 and 3 0 0 netlist files, library of parameterized modules (LPM),
Verilog HDL, VHDL, and other interfaces to popular EDA tools from
third–party manufacturers such as Cadence, Exemplar Logic, Mentor
Graphics, OrCAD, Synopsys, Synplicity, and VeriBest
Programming support with the Altera master programming unit
(MPU), MasterBlasterTM communications cable, ByteBlasterMVTM
parallel port download cable, BitBlasterTM serial download cable as
well as programming hardware from third–party manufacturers and
any in–circuit tester that supports JamTM Standard Test and
Programming Language (STAPL) Files (.jam), Jam STAPL Byte-Code
Files (.jbc), or Serial Vector Format Files (.svf)
MAX 3000A devices are low–cost, high–performance devices based on the
Altera MAX architecture. Fabricated with advanced CMOS technology,
the EEPROM–based MAX 3000A devices operate with a 3.3-V supply
voltage and provide 600 to 10,000 usable gates, ISP, pin-to-pin delays as
fast as 4.5 ns, and counter speeds of up to 227.3 MHz. MAX 3000A devices
in the –4, –5, –6, –7, and –10 speed grades are compatible with the timing
requirements of the PCI Special Interest Group (PCI SIG) PCI Local Bus
Specification, Revision 2.2. See Table 2.
Altera Corporation
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 2. MAX 3000A Speed Grades
Device
Speed Grade
–4
–7
–10
v
v
v
v
v
v
EPM3256A
v
v
EPM3512A
v
v
EPM3032A
v
EPM3064A
v
–5
–6
v
EPM3128A
The MAX 3000A architecture supports 100% transistor-to-transistor logic
(TTL) emulation and high–density small-scale integration (SSI),
medium-scale integration (MSI), and large-scale integration (LSI) logic
functions. The MAX 3000A architecture easily integrates multiple devices
ranging from PALs, GALs, and 22V10s to MACH and pLSI devices.
MAX 3000A devices are available in a wide range of packages, including
PLCC, PQFP, and TQFP packages. See Table 3.
Table 3. MAX 3000A Maximum User I/O Pins
Device
44–Pin
PLCC
44–Pin
TQFP
EPM3032A
34
34
EPM3064A
34
34
EPM3128A
EPM3256A
EPM3512A
Note (1)
100–Pin 144–Pin 208–Pin 256-Pin
TQFP
TQFP
PQFP FineLine
BGA
66
80
96
116
158
172
208
Note:
(1)
When the IEEE Std. 1149.1 (JTAG) interface is used for in–system programming or
boundary–scan testing, four I/O pins become JTAG pins.
MAX 3000A devices use CMOS EEPROM cells to implement logic
functions. The user–configurable MAX 3000A architecture accommodates
a variety of independent combinatorial and sequential logic functions.
The devices can be reprogrammed for quick and efficient iterations
during design development and debugging cycles, and can be
programmed and erased up to 100 times.
Altera Corporation
3
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
MAX 3000A devices contain 32 to 512 macrocells, combined into groups
of 16 macrocells called logic array blocks (LABs). Each macrocell has a
programmable–AND/fixed–OR array and a configurable register with
independently programmable clock, clock enable, clear, and preset
functions. To build complex logic functions, each macrocell can be
supplemented with shareable expander and high–speed parallel
expander product terms to provide up to 32 product terms per macrocell.
MAX 3000A devices provide programmable speed/power optimization.
Speed–critical portions of a design can run at high speed/full power,
while the remaining portions run at reduced speed/low power. This
speed/power optimization feature enables the designer to configure one
or more macrocells to operate at 50% or lower power while adding only a
nominal timing delay. MAX 3000A devices also provide an option that
reduces the slew rate of the output buffers, minimizing noise transients
when non–speed–critical signals are switching. The output drivers of all
MAX 3000A devices can be set for 2.5 V or 3.3 V, and all input pins are
2.5–V, 3.3–V, and 5.0-V tolerant, allowing MAX 3000A devices to be used
in mixed–voltage systems.
MAX 3000A devices are supported by Altera development systems,
which are integrated packages that offer schematic, text—including
VHDL, Verilog HDL, and the Altera Hardware Description Language
(AHDL)—and waveform design entry, compilation and logic synthesis,
simulation and timing analysis, and device programming. The software
provides EDIF 2 0 0 and 3 0 0, LPM, VHDL, Verilog HDL, and other
interfaces for additional design entry and simulation support from other
industry–standard PC– and UNIX–workstation–based EDA tools. The
software runs on Windows–based PCs, as well as Sun SPARCstation, and
HP 9000 Series 700/800 workstations.
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Functional
Description
For more information on development tools, see the MAX+PLUS II
Programmable Logic Development System & Software Data Sheet and the
Quartus Programmable Logic Development System & Software Data Sheet.
The MAX 3000A architecture includes the following elements:
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Logic array blocks (LABs)
Macrocells
Expander product terms (shareable and parallel)
Programmable interconnect array (PIA)
I/O control blocks
The MAX 3000A architecture includes four dedicated inputs that can be
used as general–purpose inputs or as high–speed, global control signals
(clock, clear, and two output enable signals) for each macrocell and I/O
pin. Figure 1 shows the architecture of MAX 3000A devices.
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Altera Corporation
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Figure 1. MAX 3000A Device Block Diagram
INPUT/GCLK1
INPUT/OE2/GCLK2
INPUT/OE1
INPUT/GCLRn
6 or 10 Output Enables (1)
6 or 10 Output Enables (1)
LAB B
LAB A
2 to 16 I/O
I/O
Control
Block
2 to
16
36
Macrocells
1 to 16
36
16
LAB C
2 to 16 I/O
I/O
Control
Block
2 to
16
Macrocells
33 to 48
16
6 or 10
2 to 16
2 to 16
I/O
Control
Block
2 to 16 I/O
6 or 10
LAB D
PIA
36
2 to
16
16
2 to 16
6 or 10
Macrocells
17 to 32
36
Macrocells
49 to 64
2 to
16
I/O
Control
Block
2 to 16 I/O
16
2 to 16
6 or 10
Note:
(1)
EPM3032A, EPM3064A, EPM3128A, and EPM3256A devices have six output enables. EPM3512A devices have
10 output enables.
Logic Array Blocks
The MAX 3000A device architecture is based on the linking of
high–performance LABs. LABs consist of 16–macrocell arrays, as shown
in Figure 1. Multiple LABs are linked together via the PIA, a global bus
that is fed by all dedicated input pins, I/O pins, and macrocells.
Each LAB is fed by the following signals:
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Altera Corporation
36 signals from the PIA that are used for general logic inputs
Global controls that are used for secondary register functions
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MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Macrocells
MAX 3000A macrocells can be individually configured for either
sequential or combinatorial logic operation. Macrocells consist of three
functional blocks: logic array, product–term select matrix, and
programmable register. Figure 2 shows a MAX 3000A macrocell.
Figure 2. MAX 3000A Macrocell
Global
Clear
LAB Local Array
Parallel Logic
Expanders
(from other
macrocells)
Global
Clocks
2
Programmable
Register
Register
Bypass
PRN
D/T Q
Clock/
Enable
Select
ProductTerm
Select
Matrix
To I/O
Control
Block
ENA
CLRN
VCC
Clear
Select
Shared Logic
Expanders
36 Signals
from PIA
To PIA
16 Expander
Product Terms
Combinatorial logic is implemented in the logic array, which provides
five product terms per macrocell. The product–term select matrix
allocates these product terms for use as either primary logic inputs (to the
OR and XOR gates) to implement combinatorial functions, or as secondary
inputs to the macrocell’s register preset, clock, and clock enable control
functions.
Two kinds of expander product terms (“expanders”) are available to
supplement macrocell logic resources:
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Shareable expanders, which are inverted product terms that are fed
back into the logic array
Parallel expanders, which are product terms borrowed from adjacent
macrocells
The Altera development system automatically optimizes product–term
allocation according to the logic requirements of the design.
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Altera Corporation
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
For registered functions, each macrocell flipflop can be individually
programmed to implement D, T, JK, or SR operation with programmable
clock control. The flipflop can be bypassed for combinatorial operation.
During design entry, the designer specifies the desired flipflop type; the
Altera development system software then selects the most efficient
flipflop operation for each registered function to optimize resource
utilization.
Each programmable register can be clocked in three different modes:
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Global clock signal mode, which achieves the fastest clock–to–output
performance.
Global clock signal enabled by an active–high clock enable. A clock
enable is generated by a product term. This mode provides an enable
on each flipflop while still achieving the fast clock–to–output
performance of the global clock.
Array clock implemented with a product term. In this mode, the
flipflop can be clocked by signals from buried macrocells or I/O pins.
Two global clock signals are available in MAX 3000A devices. As shown
in Figure 1, these global clock signals can be the true or the complement of
either of the two global clock pins, GCLK1 or GCLK2.
Each register also supports asynchronous preset and clear functions. As
shown in Figure 2, the product–term select matrix allocates product terms
to control these operations. Although the product–term–driven preset
and clear from the register are active high, active–low control can be
obtained by inverting the signal within the logic array. In addition, each
register clear function can be individually driven by the active–low
dedicated global clear pin (GCLRn).
Expander Product Terms
Although most logic functions can be implemented with the five product
terms available in each macrocell, highly complex logic functions require
additional product terms. Another macrocell can be used to supply the
required logic resources. However, the MAX 3000A architecture also
offers both shareable and parallel expander product terms (“expanders”)
that provide additional product terms directly to any macrocell in the
same LAB. These expanders help ensure that logic is synthesized with the
fewest possible logic resources to obtain the fastest possible speed.
Altera Corporation
7
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Shareable Expanders
Each LAB has 16 shareable expanders that can be viewed as a pool of
uncommitted single product terms (one from each macrocell) with
inverted outputs that feed back into the logic array. Each shareable
expander can be used and shared by any or all macrocells in the LAB to
build complex logic functions. Shareable expanders incur a small delay
(tSEXP). Figure 3 shows how shareable expanders can feed multiple
macrocells.
Figure 3. MAX 3000A Shareable Expanders
Shareable expanders can be shared by any or all macrocells in an LAB.
Macrocell
Product-Term
Logic
Product-Term Select Matrix
Macrocell
Product-Term
Logic
36 Signals
from PIA
16 Shared
Expanders
Parallel Expanders
Parallel expanders are unused product terms that can be allocated to a
neighboring macrocell to implement fast, complex logic functions.
Parallel expanders allow up to 20 product terms to directly feed the
macrocell OR logic, with five product terms provided by the macrocell and
15 parallel expanders provided by neighboring macrocells in the LAB.
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Altera Corporation
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
The Altera development system compiler can automatically allocate up to
three sets of up to five parallel expanders to the macrocells that require
additional product terms. Each set of five parallel expanders incurs a
small, incremental timing delay (tPEXP ). For example, if a macrocell
requires 14 product terms, the compiler uses the five dedicated product
terms within the macrocell and allocates two sets of parallel expanders;
the first set includes five product terms, and the second set includes four
product terms, increasing the total delay by 2 × tPEXP.
Two groups of eight macrocells within each LAB (e.g., macrocells 1
through 8 and 9 through 16) form two chains to lend or borrow parallel
expanders. A macrocell borrows parallel expanders from lower–
numbered macrocells. For example, macrocell 8 can borrow parallel
expanders from macrocell 7, from macrocells 7 and 6, or from macrocells
7, 6, and 5. Within each group of eight, the lowest–numbered macrocell
can only lend parallel expanders and the highest–numbered macrocell can
only borrow them. Figure 4 shows how parallel expanders can be
borrowed from a neighboring macrocell.
Figure 4. MAX 3000A Parallel Expanders
Unused product terms in a macrocell can be allocated to a neighboring macrocell.
From
Previous
Macrocell
Preset
Producter
Select
Matrix
Macrocell
ProductTerm Logic
Clock
Clear
Preset
ProductT m
Ter
Select
Matrix
Macrocell
ProductTerm Logic
Clock
Clear
36 Signals
from PIA
Altera Corporation
16 Shared
Expanders
To Next
Macrocell
9
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Programmable Interconnect Array
Logic is routed between LABs on the PIA. This global bus is a
programmable path that connects any signal source to any destination on
the device. All MAX 3000A dedicated inputs, I/O pins, and macrocell
outputs feed the PIA, which makes the signals available throughout the
entire device. Only the signals required by each LAB are actually routed
from the PIA into the LAB. Figure 5 shows how the PIA signals are routed
into the LAB. An EEPROM cell controls one input to a two-input AND gate,
which selects a PIA signal to drive into the LAB.
Figure 5. MAX 3000A PIA Routing
To LAB
PIA Signals
While the routing delays of channel–based routing schemes in masked or
FPGAs are cumulative, variable, and path–dependent, the MAX 3000A
PIA has a predictable delay. The PIA makes a design’s timing
performance easy to predict.
I/O Control Blocks
The I/O control block allows each I/O pin to be individually configured
for input, output, or bidirectional operation. All I/O pins have a tri–state
buffer that is individually controlled by one of the global output enable
signals or directly connected to ground or VCC. Figure 6 shows the I/O
control block for MAX 3000A devices. The I/O control block has 6 or
10 global output enable signals that are driven by the true or complement
of two output enable signals, a subset of the I/O pins, or a subset of the
I/O macrocells.
10
Altera Corporation
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Figure 6. I/O Control Block of MAX 3000A Devices
6 or 10 Global
Output Enable Signals (1)
PIA
OE Select Multiplexer
VCC
to Other I/O Pins
from
Macrocell
GND
Open-Drain Output
Slew-Rate Control
to PIA
Note:
(1)
EPM3032A, EPM3064A, EPM3128A, and EPM3256A devices have six output enables. EPM3512A devices have
10 output enables.
When the tri–state buffer control is connected to ground, the output is
tri-stated (high impedance), and the I/O pin can be used as a dedicated
input. When the tri–state buffer control is connected to VCC, the output is
enabled.
The MAX 3000A architecture provides dual I/O feedback, in which
macrocell and pin feedbacks are independent. When an I/O pin is
configured as an input, the associated macrocell can be used for buried
logic.
Altera Corporation
11
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
In–System
Programmability
MAX 3000A devices can be programmed in–system via an industry–
standard four–pin IEEE Std. 1149.1-1990 (JTAG) interface. In-system
programmability (ISP) offers quick, efficient iterations during design
development and debugging cycles. The MAX 3000A architecture
internally generates the high programming voltages required to program
its EEPROM cells, allowing in–system programming with only a single
3.3–V power supply. During in–system programming, the I/O pins are
tri–stated and weakly pulled–up to eliminate board conflicts. The pull–up
value is nominally 50 kΩ.
MAX 3000A devices have an enhanced ISP algorithm for faster
programming. These devices also offer an ISP_Done bit that ensures safe
operation when in–system programming is interrupted. This ISP_Done
bit, which is the last bit programmed, prevents all I/O pins from driving
until the bit is programmed.
ISP simplifies the manufacturing flow by allowing devices to be mounted
on a printed circuit board (PCB) with standard pick–and–place equipment
before they are programmed. MAX 3000A devices can be programmed by
downloading the information via in–circuit testers, embedded processors,
the MasterBlaster communications cable, the ByteBlasterMV parallel port
download cable, and the BitBlaster serial download cable. Programming
the devices after they are placed on the board eliminates lead damage on
high–pin–count packages (e.g., QFP packages) due to device handling.
MAX 3000A devices can be reprogrammed after a system has already
shipped to the field. For example, product upgrades can be performed in
the field via software or modem.
The Jam STAPL programming and test language can be used to program
MAX 3000A devices with in–circuit testers, PCs, or embedded processors.
f
For more information on using the Jam STAPL programming and test
language, see Application Note 88 (Using the Jam Language for ISP & ICR via
an Embedded Processor), Application Note 122 (Using Jam STAPL for ISP &
ICR via an Embedded Processor) and AN 111 (Embedded Programming Using
the 8051 and Jam Byte-Code).
The ISP circuitry in MAX 3000A devices is compliant with the IEEE Std.
1532 specification. The IEEE Std. 1532 is a standard developed to allow
concurrent ISP between multiple PLD vendors.
Programming
with External
Hardware
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MAX 3000A devices can be programmed on Windows–based PCs with an
Altera Logic Programmer card, MPU, and the appropriate device adapter.
The MPU performs continuity checking to ensure adequate electrical
contact between the adapter and the device.
For more information, see the Altera Programming Hardware Data Sheet.
Altera Corporation
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
The Altera software can use text– or waveform–format test vectors created
with the Altera Text Editor or Waveform Editor to test the programmed
device. For added design verification, designers can perform functional
testing to compare the functional device behavior with the results of
simulation.
Data I/O, BP Microsystems, and other programming hardware
manufacturers also provide programming support for Altera devices.
f
IEEE Std.
1149.1 (JTAG)
Boundary–Scan
Support
For more information, see Programming Hardware Manufacturers.
MAX 3000A devices include the JTAG BST circuitry defined by IEEE
Std. 1149.1–1990. Table 4 describes the JTAG instructions supported by
MAX 3000A devices. The pin-out tables found on the Altera web site
(http://www.altera.com) or the Altera Digital Library show the location of
the JTAG control pins for each device. If the JTAG interface is not
required, the JTAG pins are available as user I/O pins.
Table 4. MAX 3000A JTAG Instructions
JTAG Instruction
Description
SAMPLE/PRELOAD
Allows a snapshot of signals at the device pins to be captured and examined during
normal device operation, and permits an initial data pattern output at the device pins
EXTEST
Allows the external circuitry and board–level interconnections to be tested by forcing a
test pattern at the output pins and capturing test results at the input pins
BYPASS
Places the 1–bit bypass register between the TDI and TDO pins, which allows the BST
data to pass synchronously through a selected device to adjacent devices during normal
device operation
IDCODE
Selects the IDCODE register and places it between the TDI and TDO pins, allowing the
IDCODE to be serially shifted out of TDO
USERCODE
Selects the 32–bit USERCODE register and places it between the TDI and TDO pins,
allowing the USERCODE value to be shifted out of TDO
ISP Instructions
These instructions are used when programming MAX 3000A devices via the JTAG ports
with the MasterBlaster, ByteBlasterMV, or BitBlaster cable, or when using a Jam STAPL
file, JBC file, or SVF file via an embedded processor or test equipment
The instruction register length of MAX 3000A devices is 10 bits. The
IDCODE and USERCODE register length is 32 bits. Tables 5 and 6 show
the boundary–scan register length and device IDCODE information for
MAX 3000A devices.
Altera Corporation
13
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 5. MAX 3000A Boundary–Scan Register Length
Device
Boundary–Scan Register Length
EPM3032A
96
EPM3064A
192
EPM3128A
288
EPM3256A
480
EPM3512A
624
Table 6. 32–Bit MAX 3000A Device IDCODE Value
Device
Note (1)
IDCODE (32 bits)
Version
(4 Bits)
Part Number (16 Bits)
Manufacturer’s 1 (1 Bit)
Identity (11 Bits)
(2)
EPM3032A
0001
0111 0000 0011 0010
00001101110
1
EPM3064A
0001
0111 0000 0110 0100
00001101110
1
EPM3128A
0001
0111 0001 0010 1000
00001101110
1
EPM3256A
0001
0111 0010 0101 0110
00001101110
1
EPM3512A
0001
0111 0101 0001 0010
00001101110
1
Notes:
(1)
(2)
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14
The most significant bit (MSB) is on the left.
The least significant bit (LSB) for all JTAG IDCODEs is 1.
See Application Note 39 (IEEE 1149.1 (JTAG) Boundary–Scan Testing in Altera
Devices) for more information on JTAG BST.
Altera Corporation
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Figure 7 shows the timing information for the JTAG signals.
Figure 7. MAX 3000A JTAG Waveforms
TMS
TDI
t JCP
t JCH
t JCL
t JPSU
t JPH
TCK
tJPZX
t JPXZ
t JPCO
TDO
tJSH
tJSSU
Signal
to Be
Captured
Signal
to Be
Driven
tJSCO
tJSZX
tJSXZ
Table 7 shows the JTAG timing parameters and values for MAX 3000A
devices.
Table 7. JTAG Timing Parameters & Values for MAX 3000A Devices
Symbol
Altera Corporation
Parameter
tJCP
TCK clock period
tJCH
Min
Max
Unit
100
ns
TCK clock high time
50
ns
tJCL
TCK clock low time
50
ns
tJPSU
JTAG port setup time
20
ns
tJPH
JTAG port hold time
45
tJPCO
JTAG port clock to output
tJPZX
JTAG port high impedance to valid output
25
ns
tJPXZ
JTAG port valid output to high impedance
25
ns
tJSSU
Capture register setup time
20
tJSH
Capture register hold time
45
tJSCO
Update register clock to output
25
ns
tJSZX
Update register high impedance to valid output
25
ns
tJSXZ
Update register valid output to high impedance
25
ns
ns
25
ns
ns
ns
15
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Programmable
Speed/Power
Control
MAX 3000A devices offer a power–saving mode that supports low-power
operation across user–defined signal paths or the entire device. This
feature allows total power dissipation to be reduced by 50% or more
because most logic applications require only a small fraction of all gates to
operate at maximum frequency.
The designer can program each individual macrocell in a MAX 3000A
device for either high–speed or low–power operation. As a result,
speed-critical paths in the design can run at high speed, while the
remaining paths can operate at reduced power. Macrocells that run at low
power incur a nominal timing delay adder (tLPA) for the tLAD, tLAC, tIC,
tACL, tEN, tCPPW and tSEXP parameters.
Output
Configuration
MAX 3000A device outputs can be programmed to meet a variety of
system–level requirements.
MultiVolt I/O Interface
The MAX 3000A device architecture supports the MultiVolt I/O interface
feature, which allows MAX 3000A devices to connect to systems with
differing supply voltages. MAX 3000A devices in all packages can be set
for 2.5–V, 3.3–V, or 5.0–V I/O pin operation. These devices have one set of
VCC pins for internal operation and input buffers (VCCINT), and another
set for I/O output drivers (VCCIO).
The VCCIO pins can be connected to either a 3.3–V or 2.5–V power supply,
depending on the output requirements. When the VCCIO pins are
connected to a 2.5–V power supply, the output levels are compatible with
2.5–V systems. When the VCCIO pins are connected to a 3.3–V power
supply, the output high is at 3.3 V and is therefore compatible with 3.3-V
or 5.0–V systems. Devices operating with VCCIO levels lower than 3.0 V
incur a nominally greater timing delay of tOD2 instead of tOD1. Inputs can
always be driven by 2.5–V, 3.3–V, or 5.0–V signals.
Table 8 summarizes the MAX 3000A MultiVolt I/O support.
Table 8. MAX 3000A MultiVolt I/O Support
VCCIO Voltage
Input Signal (V)
Output Signal (V)
2.5
3.3
5.0
2.5
2.5
v
v
v
v
3.3
v
v
v
v
3.3
5.0
v
v
Note:
(1)
16
When VCCIO is 3.3 V, a MAX 3000A device can drive a 2.5–V device that has 3.3–V
tolerant inputs.
Altera Corporation
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Open–Drain Output Option
MAX 3000A devices provide an optional open–drain (equivalent to
open-collector) output for each I/O pin. This open–drain output enables
the device to provide system–level control signals (e.g., interrupt and
write enable signals) that can be asserted by any of several devices. It can
also provide an additional wired–OR plane.
Open-drain output pins on MAX 3000A devices (with a pull-up resistor to
the 5.0-V supply) can drive 5.0-V CMOS input pins that require a high VIH.
When the open-drain pin is active, it will drive low. When the pin is
inactive, the resistor will pull up the trace to 5.0 V, thereby meeting CMOS
requirements. The open-drain pin will only drive low or tri-state; it will
never drive high. The rise time is dependent on the value of the pull-up
resistor and load impedance. The IOL current specification should be
considered when selecting a pull-up resistor
Slew–Rate Control
The output buffer for each MAX 3000A I/O pin has an adjustable output
slew rate that can be configured for low–noise or high–speed
performance. A faster slew rate provides high–speed transitions for
high-performance systems. However, these fast transitions may introduce
noise transients into the system. A slow slew rate reduces system noise,
but adds a nominal delay of 4 to 5 ns. When the configuration cell is
turned off, the slew rate is set for low–noise performance. Each I/O pin
has an individual EEPROM bit that controls the slew rate, allowing
designers to specify the slew rate on a pin–by–pin basis. The slew rate
control affects both the rising and falling edges of the output signal.
Design Security
All MAX 3000A devices contain a programmable security bit that controls
access to the data programmed into the device. When this bit is
programmed, a design implemented in the device cannot be copied or
retrieved. This feature provides a high level of design security because
programmed data within EEPROM cells is invisible. The security bit that
controls this function, as well as all other programmed data, is reset only
when the device is reprogrammed.
Generic Testing
MAX 3000A devices are fully tested. Complete testing of each
programmable EEPROM bit and all internal logic elements ensures 100%
programming yield. AC test measurements are taken under conditions
equivalent to those shown in Figure 8. Test patterns can be used and then
erased during early stages of the production flow.
Altera Corporation
17
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Figure 8. MAX 3000A AC Test Conditions
Power supply transients can affect AC
measurements. Simultaneous transitions
of multiple outputs should be avoided for
accurate measurement. Threshold tests
must not be performed under AC
conditions. Large–amplitude, fast–
ground–current transients normally occur
as the device outputs discharge the load
capacitances. When these transients flow
through the parasitic inductance between
the device ground pin and the test system
ground, significant reductions in
observable noise immunity can result.
Numbers in brackets are for 2.5–V
outputs. Numbers without brackets are for
3.3–V devices or outputs.
Operating
Conditions
703 Ω
[521 Ω]
Device
Output
To Test
System
620 Ω
[481 Ω]
C1 (includes jig
capacitance)
Device input
rise and fall
times < 2 ns
Tables 9 through 12 provide information on absolute maximum ratings,
recommended operating conditions, DC operating conditions, and
capacitance for MAX 3000A devices.
Table 9. MAX 3000A Device Absolute Maximum Ratings
Symbol
VCC
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Max
–0.5
4.6
V
–2.0
5.75
V
–25
25
mA
–65
150
°C
135
°C
135
°C
Supply voltage
VI
DC input voltage
IOUT
DC output current, per pin
TSTG
Storage temperature
No bias
TA
Ambient temperature
Under bias
–65
TJ
Junction temperature
PQFP and TQFP packages, under bias
18
With respect to ground (2)
Min
VCC
Unit
Altera Corporation
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 10. MAX 3000A Device Recommended Operating Conditions
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Max
Unit
VCCINT
Supply voltage for internal logic and (10)
input buffers
3.0
3.6
V
VCCIO
Supply voltage for output drivers,
3.3–V operation
3.0
3.6
V
Supply voltage for output drivers,
2.5–V operation
2.3
2.7
V
VCCISP
Supply voltage during ISP
VI
Input voltage
VO
Output voltage
TA
Ambient temperature
TJ
Junction temperature
tR
Input rise time
tF
Input fall time
3.0
3.6
V
–0.5
5.75
V
0
VCCIO
V
For commercial use
0
70
°C
For commercial use
0
90
°C
40
ns
40
ns
(3)
Table 11. MAX 3000A Device DC Operating Conditions
Symbol
Min
Max
Unit
VIH
High–level input voltage
1.7
5.75
V
VIL
Low–level input voltage
–0.5
0.8
V
VOH
3.3–V high–level TTL output
voltage
IOH = –8 mA DC, VCCIO = 3.00 V (5)
3.3–V high–level CMOS output
voltage
IOH = –0.1 mA DC, VCCIO = 3.00 V (5)
2.5–V high–level output voltage
IOH = –100 µA DC, VCCIO = 2.30 V (5)
2.1
V
IOH = –1 mA DC, VCCIO = 2.30 V (5)
2.0
V
IOH = –2 mA DC, VCCIO = 2.30 V (5)
1.7
VOL
Parameter
Note (4)
Conditions
2.4
V
VCCIO – 0.2
V
V
3.3–V low–level TTL output voltage IOL = 8 mA DC, VCCIO = 3.00 V (6)
0.4
V
3.3–V low–level CMOS output
voltage
IOL = 0.1 mA DC, VCCIO = 3.00 V (6)
0.2
V
2.5–V low–level output voltage
IOL = 100 µA DC, VCCIO = 2.30 V (6)
0.2
V
IOL = 1 mA DC, VCCIO = 2.30 V (6)
0.4
V
IOL = 2 mA DC, VCCIO = 2.30 V (6)
0.7
V
II
Input leakage current
V I = –0.5 to 5.5 V (7)
–10
10
µA
IOZ
Tri–state output off–state current
VI = –0.5 to 5.5 V (7)
–10
10
µA
RI S P
Value of I/O pin pull–up resistor
when programming in–system or
during power–up
VC C I O = 2.3 to 3.6 V (8)
20
74
kΩ
Altera Corporation
19
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 12. MAX 3000A Device Capacitance
Symbol
Parameter
Note (9)
Conditions
Min
Max
Unit
CIN
Input pin capacitance
VIN = 0 V, f = 1.0 MHz
8
pF
CI/O
I/O pin capacitance
VOUT = 0 V, f = 1.0 MHz
8
pF
Notes to tables:
(1)
(2)
See the Operating Requirements for Altera Devices Data Sheet.
Minimum DC input voltage is –0.5 V. During transitions, the inputs may undershoot to –2.0 V or overshoot to
5.75 V for input currents less than 100 mA and periods shorter than 20 ns.
(3) All pins, including dedicated inputs, I/O pins, and JTAG pins, may be driven before VCCINT and VCCIO are
powered.
(4) These values are specified under the recommended operating conditions, as shown in Table 10 on page 19.
(5) The parameter is measured with 50% of the outputs each sourcing the specified current. The IOH parameter refers
to high–level TTL or CMOS output current.
(6) The parameter is measured with 50% of the outputs each sinking the specified current. The IOL parameter refers to
low–level TTL, PCI, or CMOS output current.
(7) This value is specified during normal device operation. During power-up, the maximum leakage current is
±300 µA.
(8) This pull–up exists while devices are programmed in–system and in unprogrammed devices during power–up.
(9) Capacitance is measured at 25° C and is sample–tested only. The OE1 pin (high–voltage pin during programming)
has a maximum capacitance of 20 pF.
(10) The POR time for all MAX 3000A devices does not exceed 100 µs. The sufficient VCCINT voltage level for POR is
3.0 V. The device is fully initialized within the POR time after VCCINT reaches the sufficient POR voltage level.
Figure 9 shows the typical output drive characteristics of MAX 3000A
devices.
20
Altera Corporation
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Figure 9. Output Drive Characteristics of MAX 3000A Devices
3.3 V
150
IOL
100
Typical IO
Output
Current (mA)
VCCINT = 3.3 V
VCCIO = 3.3 V
O
Temperature = 25 C
50
IOH
0
0
1
2
3
4
VO Output Voltage (V)
2.5 V
150
IOL
100
Typical IO
Output
Current (mA)
VCCINT = 3.3 V
VCCIO = 2.5 V
O
Temperature = 25 C
50
IOH
0
0
1
2
3
4
VO Output Voltage (V)
Power
Sequencing &
Hot–Socketing
Because MAX 3000A devices can be used in a mixed–voltage
environment, they have been designed specifically to tolerate any possible
power–up sequence. The VCCIO and VCCINT power planes can be
powered in any order.
Signals can be driven into MAX 3000A devices before and during
power-up without damaging the device. In addition, MAX 3000A devices
do not drive out during power-up. Once operating conditions are
reached, MAX 3000A devices operate as specified by the user.
Altera Corporation
21
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Timing Model
MAX 3000A device timing can be analyzed with the Altera software, with
a variety of popular industry–standard EDA simulators and timing
analyzers, or with the timing model shown in Figure 10. MAX 3000A
devices have predictable internal delays that enable the designer to
determine the worst–case timing of any design. The software provides
timing simulation, point–to–point delay prediction, and detailed timing
analysis for device–wide performance evaluation.
Figure 10. MAX 3000A Timing Model
Internal Output
Enable Delay
t IOE
Global Control
Delay
t GLOB
Input
Delay
t IN
PIA
Delay
t PIA
Logic Array
Delay
t LAD
Register
Control Delay
t LAC
tIC
t EN
Shared
Expander Delay
t SEXP
Parallel
Expander Delay
t PEXP
Register
Delay
t SU
tH
t PRE
t CLR
t RD
t COMB
Output
Delay
t OD1
t OD2
t OD3
t XZ
t Z X1
t Z X2
t Z X3
I/O
Delay
tI O
The timing characteristics of any signal path can be derived from the
timing model and parameters of a particular device. External timing
parameters, which represent pin–to–pin timing delays, can be calculated
as the sum of internal parameters. Figure 11 shows the timing relationship
between internal and external delay parameters.
22
Altera Corporation
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Figure 11. MAX 3000A Switching Waveforms
tR & tF < 2 ns. Inputs are
driven at 3 V for a logic
high and 0 V for a logic
low. All timing
characteristics are
measured at 1.5 V.
Combinatorial Mode
tIN
Input Pin
tIO
I/O Pin
tPIA
PIA Delay
tSEXP
Shared Expander
Delay
tLAC , tLAD
Logic Array
Input
tPEXP
Parallel Expander
Delay
tCOMB
Logic Array
Output
tOD
Output Pin
Global Clock Mode
Global
Clock Pin
tR
tCH
tIN
Global Clock
at Register
tSU
tCL
tF
tACL
tF
tGLOB
tH
Data or Enable
(Logic Array Output)
Array Clock Mode
tR
tACH
Input or I/O Pin
tIN
tIO
Clock into PIA
Clock into
Logic Array
Clock at
Register
tPIA
tIC
tSU
tH
Data from
Logic Array
tRD
tPIA
tPIA
tCLR , tPRE
Register to PIA
to Logic Array
tOD
tOD
Register Output
to Pin
Altera Corporation
23
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Tables 13 through 20 show EPM3032A, EPM3064A, EPM3128A,
EPM3256A, and EPM3512A timing information.
Table 13. EPM3032A External Timing Parameters
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
–4
Min
Unit
–7
Max
Min
–10
Max
Min
Max
tPD1
Input to non–
registered output
C1 = 35 pF
(2)
4.5
7.5
10
ns
tPD2
I/O input to non–
registered output
C1 = 35 pF
(2)
4.5
7.5
10
ns
tSU
Global clock setup
time
(2)
2.9
tH
Global clock hold time (2)
0.0
tCO1
Global clock to output C1 = 35 pF
delay
1.0
tCH
Global clock high time
2.0
3.0
4.0
ns
tCL
Global clock low time
2.0
3.0
4.0
ns
tASU
Array clock setup time (2)
1.6
2.5
3.6
ns
tAH
Array clock hold time
(2)
0.3
0.5
0.5
tACO1
Array clock to output
delay
C1 = 35 pF
(2)
1.0
tACH
Array clock high time
tACL
Array clock low time
tCPPW
Minimum pulse width
for clear and preset
tCNT
Minimum global clock (2)
period
fCNT
Maximum internal
(2), (4)
global clock frequency
tACNT
Minimum array clock
period
fACNT
Maximum internal
(2), (4)
array clock frequency
24
(3)
4.7
6.3
0.0
3.0
4.3
1.0
1.0
ns
0.0
5.0
7.2
1.0
1.0
ns
6.7
ns
ns
9.4
ns
2.0
3.0
4.0
ns
2.0
3.0
4.0
ns
2.0
3.0
4.0
ns
4.4
227.3
(2)
7.2
138.9
4.4
227.3
9.7
103.1
7.2
138.9
MHz
9.7
103.1
ns
ns
MHz
Altera Corporation
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 14. EPM3032A Internal Timing Parameters (Part 1 of 2)
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
–4
Min
Unit
–7
Max
Min
–10
Max
Min
Max
tIN
Input pad and buffer delay
0.7
1.2
1.5
ns
tIO
I/O input pad and buffer
delay
0.7
1.2
1.5
ns
tSEXP
Shared expander delay
1.9
3.1
4.0
ns
tPEXP
Parallel expander delay
0.5
0.8
1.0
ns
tLAD
Logic array delay
1.5
2.5
3.3
ns
tLAC
Logic control array delay
0.6
1.0
1.2
ns
tIOE
Internal output enable delay
0.0
0.0
0.0
ns
tOD1
Output buffer and pad
delay, slow slew rate = off
VCCIO = 3.3 V
C1 = 35 pF
0.8
1.3
1.8
ns
tOD2
Output buffer and pad
delay, slow slew rate = off
VCCIO = 2.5 V
C1 = 35 pF
1.3
1.8
2.3
ns
tOD3
Output buffer and pad
delay, slow slew rate = on
VCCIO = 2.5 V or 3.3 V
C1 = 35 pF
5.8
6.3
6.8
ns
tZX1
Output buffer enable delay, C1 = 35 pF
slow slew rate = off
VCCIO = 3.3 V
4.0
4.0
5.0
ns
tZX2
Output buffer enable delay, C1 = 35 pF
slow slew rate = off
VCCIO = 2.5 V
4.5
4.5
5.5
ns
tZX3
Output buffer enable delay, C1 = 35 pF
slow slew rate = on
VCCIO = 2.5 V or 3.3 V
9.0
9.0
10.0
ns
tXZ
Output buffer disable delay C1 = 5 pF
tSU
Register setup time
1.3
tH
Register hold time
0.6
tRD
Register delay
0.7
1.2
1.5
ns
tCOMB
Combinatorial delay
0.6
1.0
1.3
ns
tIC
Array clock delay
1.2
2.0
2.5
ns
tEN
Register enable time
0.6
1.0
1.2
ns
tGLOB
Global control delay
0.8
1.3
1.9
ns
tPRE
Register preset time
1.2
1.9
2.6
ns
Altera Corporation
4.0
4.0
2.0
5.0
2.8
1.0
ns
ns
1.3
ns
25
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 14. EPM3032A Internal Timing Parameters (Part 2 of 2)
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
–4
Min
tCLR
Register clear time
tPIA
PIA delay
tLPA
Low–power adder
Parameter
–7
Max
Min
–10
Max
Min
Max
1.2
1.9
2.6
ns
(2)
0.9
1.5
2.1
ns
(5)
2.5
4.0
5.0
ns
Table 15. EPM3064A External Timing Parameters
Symbol
Unit
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
–4
Min
Unit
–7
Max
Min
–10
Max
Min
Max
tPD1
Input to non–registered
output
C1 = 35 pF (2)
4.5
7.5
10.0
ns
tPD2
I/O input to non–registered C1 = 35 pF (2)
output
4.5
7.5
10.0
ns
tSU
Global clock setup time
(2)
2.8
4.7
6.2
tH
Global clock hold time
(2)
0.0
0.0
0.0
tCO1
Global clock to output delay C1 = 35 pF
1.0
tCH
Global clock high time
2.0
3.0
4.0
ns
tCL
Global clock low time
2.0
3.0
4.0
ns
ns
3.1
1.0
5.1
1.0
ns
ns
7.0
ns
tASU
Array clock setup time
(2)
1.6
2.6
3.6
tAH
Array clock hold time
(2)
0.3
0.4
0.6
tACO1
Array clock to output delay
C1 = 35 pF (2)
1.0
tACH
Array clock high time
2.0
3.0
4.0
ns
tACL
Array clock low time
2.0
3.0
4.0
ns
tCPPW
Minimum pulse width for
clear and preset
(3)
2.0
3.0
4.0
ns
tCNT
Minimum global clock
period
(2)
fCNT
Maximum internal global
clock frequency
(2), (4)
tACNT
Minimum array clock period (2)
fACNT
Maximum internal array
clock frequency
26
(2), (4)
4.3
1.0
4.5
222.2
1.0
7.4
135.1
4.5
222.2
7.2
10.0
100.0
7.4
135.1
ns
9.6
ns
MHz
10.0
100.0
ns
ns
MHz
Altera Corporation
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 16. EPM3064A Internal Timing Parameters (Part 1 of 2)
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
–4
Min
Unit
–7
Max
Min
–10
Max
Min
Max
tIN
Input pad and buffer delay
0.6
1.1
1.4
ns
tIO
I/O input pad and buffer
delay
0.6
1.1
1.4
ns
tSEXP
Shared expander delay
1.8
3.0
3.9
ns
tPEXP
Parallel expander delay
0.4
0.7
0.9
ns
tLAD
Logic array delay
1.5
2.5
3.2
ns
tLAC
Logic control array delay
0.6
1.0
1.2
ns
tIOE
Internal output enable delay
0.0
0.0
0.0
ns
tOD1
Output buffer and pad
delay, slow slew rate = off
VCCIO = 3.3 V
C1 = 35 pF
0.8
1.3
1.8
ns
tOD2
Output buffer and pad
delay, slow slew rate = off
VCCIO = 2.5 V
C1 = 35 pF
1.3
1.8
2.3
ns
tOD3
Output buffer and pad
delay, slow slew rate = on
VCCIO = 2.5 V or 3.3 V
C1 = 35 pF
5.8
6.3
6.8
ns
tZX1
Output buffer enable delay, C1 = 35 pF
slow slew rate = off
VCCIO = 3.3 V
4.0
4.0
5.0
ns
tZX2
Output buffer enable delay, C1 = 35 pF
slow slew rate = off
VCCIO = 2.5 V
4.5
4.5
5.5
ns
tZX3
Output buffer enable delay, C1 = 35 pF
slow slew rate = on
VCCIO = 2.5 V or 3.3 V
9.0
9.0
10.0
ns
tXZ
Output buffer disable delay C1 = 5 pF
tSU
Register setup time
1.3
tH
Register hold time
0.6
tRD
Register delay
0.7
1.2
1.6
ns
tCOMB
Combinatorial delay
0.6
0.9
1.3
ns
tIC
Array clock delay
1.2
1.9
2.5
ns
tEN
Register enable time
0.6
1.0
1.2
ns
tGLOB
Global control delay
1.0
1.5
2.2
ns
tPRE
Register preset time
1.3
2.1
2.9
ns
tCLR
Register clear time
1.3
2.1
2.9
ns
Altera Corporation
4.0
4.0
2.0
5.0
2.9
1.0
ns
ns
1.3
ns
27
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 16. EPM3064A Internal Timing Parameters (Part 2 of 2)
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
–4
Min
Unit
–7
Max
Min
–10
Max
Min
Max
tPIA
PIA delay
(2)
1.0
1.7
2.3
ns
tLPA
Low–power adder
(5)
3.5
4.0
5.0
ns
Table 17. EPM3128A External Timing Parameters
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
–5
Min
Unit
–7
Max
Min
–10
Max
Min
Max
tPD1
Input to non–
registered output
C1 = 35 pF
(2)
5.0
7.5
10
ns
tPD2
I/O input to non–
registered output
C1 = 35 pF
(2)
5.0
7.5
10
ns
tSU
Global clock setup
time
(2)
3.3
4.9
6.6
ns
tH
Global clock hold time (2)
0.0
0.0
0.0
ns
tCO1
Global clock to output C1 = 35 pF
delay
1.0
tCH
Global clock high time
2.0
3.0
4.0
ns
tCL
Global clock low time
2.0
3.0
4.0
ns
tASU
Array clock setup time (2)
1.8
2.8
3.8
ns
tAH
Array clock hold time
(2)
0.2
0.3
0.4
tACO1
Array clock to output
delay
C1 = 35 pF
(2)
1.0
tACH
Array clock high time
2.0
3.0
4.0
ns
tACL
Array clock low time
2.0
3.0
4.0
ns
tCPPW
Minimum pulse width
for clear and preset
2.0
3.0
4.0
ns
tCNT
Minimum global clock (2)
period
fCNT
Maximum internal
(2), (4)
global clock frequency
tACNT
Minimum array clock
period
fACNT
Maximum internal
(2), (4)
array clock frequency
28
(3)
3.4
4.9
1.0
1.0
5.2
192.3
(2)
7.1
1.0
1.0
7.7
129.9
5.2
192.3
5.0
98.0
ns
ns
MHz
10.2
98.0
ns
ns
9.4
10.2
7.7
129.9
6.6
ns
MHz
Altera Corporation
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 18. EPM3128A Internal Timing Parameters (Part 1 of 2)
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
–5
Min
Unit
–7
Max
Min
–10
Max
Min
Max
tIN
Input pad and buffer delay
0.7
1.0
1.4
ns
tIO
I/O input pad and buffer
delay
0.7
1.0
1.4
ns
tSEXP
Shared expander delay
2.0
2.9
3.8
ns
tPEXP
Parallel expander delay
0.4
0.7
0.9
ns
tLAD
Logic array delay
1.6
2.4
3.1
ns
tLAC
Logic control array delay
0.7
1.0
1.3
ns
tIOE
Internal output enable delay
0.0
0.0
0.0
ns
tOD1
Output buffer and pad
delay, slow slew rate = off
VCCIO = 3.3 V
C1 = 35 pF
0.8
1.2
1.6
ns
tOD2
Output buffer and pad
delay, slow slew rate = off
VCCIO = 2.5 V
C1 = 35 pF
1.3
1.7
2.1
ns
tOD3
Output buffer and pad
delay, slow slew rate = on
VCCIO = 2.5 V or 3.3 V
C1 = 35 pF
5.8
6.2
6.6
ns
tZX1
Output buffer enable delay, C1 = 35 pF
slow slew rate = off
VCCIO = 3.3 V
4.0
4.0
5.0
ns
tZX2
Output buffer enable delay, C1 = 35 pF
slow slew rate = off
VCCIO = 2.5 V
4.5
4.5
5.5
ns
tZX3
Output buffer enable delay, C1 = 35 pF
slow slew rate = on
VCCIO = 2.5 V or 3.3 V
9.0
9.0
10.0
ns
tXZ
Output buffer disable delay C1 = 5 pF
5.0
ns
tSU
Register setup time
1.4
2.1
2.9
ns
tH
Register hold time
0.6
1.0
1.3
ns
tRD
Register delay
0.8
1.2
1.6
ns
tCOMB
Combinatorial delay
0.5
0.9
1.3
ns
tIC
Array clock delay
1.2
1.7
2.2
ns
tEN
Register enable time
0.7
1.0
1.3
ns
tGLOB
Global control delay
1.1
1.6
2.0
ns
tPRE
Register preset time
1.4
2.0
2.7
ns
tCLR
Register clear time
1.4
2.0
2.7
ns
Altera Corporation
4.0
4.0
29
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 18. EPM3128A Internal Timing Parameters (Part 2 of 2)
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
–5
Min
Unit
–7
Max
Min
–10
Max
Min
Max
tPIA
PIA delay
(2)
1.4
2.0
2.6
ns
tLPA
Low–power adder
(5)
4.0
4.0
5.0
ns
Table 19. EPM3256A External Timing Parameters
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
–7
Min
Unit
–10
Max
Min
Max
tPD1
Input to non–registered
output
C1 = 35 pF (2)
7.5
10
ns
tPD2
I/O input to non–registered C1 = 35 pF (2)
output
7.5
10
ns
tSU
Global clock setup time
(2)
5.2
tH
Global clock hold time
(2)
0.0
tCO1
Global clock to output
delay
C1 = 35 pF
1.0
6.9
ns
0.0
4.8
1.0
ns
6.4
ns
tCH
Global clock high time
3.0
4.0
tCL
Global clock low time
3.0
4.0
ns
tASU
Array clock setup time
(2)
2.7
3.6
ns
tAH
Array clock hold time
(2)
0.3
0.5
ns
tACO1
Array clock to output delay C1 = 35 pF (2)
1.0
tACH
Array clock high time
3.0
4.0
tACL
Array clock low time
3.0
4.0
ns
tCPPW
Minimum pulse width for
clear and preset
(3)
3.0
4.0
ns
tCNT
Minimum global clock
period
(2)
fCNT
Maximum internal global
clock frequency
(2), (4)
tACNT
Minimum array clock
period
(2)
fACNT
Maximum internal array
clock frequency
(2), (4)
30
7.3
1.0
7.9
126.6
9.7
95.2
ns
MHz
10.5
95.2
ns
ns
10.5
7.9
126.6
ns
ns
MHz
Altera Corporation
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 20. EPM3256A Internal Timing Parameters
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
–7
Min
Unit
–10
Max
Min
Input pad and buffer delay
tIO
I/O input pad and buffer delay
0.9
1.2
ns
tSEXP
Shared expander delay
2.8
3.7
ns
tPEXP
Parallel expander delay
0.5
0.6
ns
tLAD
Logic array delay
2.2
2.8
ns
tLAC
Logic control array delay
1.0
1.3
ns
tIOE
Internal output enable delay
0.0
0.0
ns
tOD1
Output buffer and pad delay,
slow slew rate = off
VCCIO = 3.3 V
C1 = 35 pF
1.2
1.6
ns
tOD2
Output buffer and pad delay,
slow slew rate = off
VCCIO = 2.5 V
C1 = 35 pF
1.7
2.1
ns
tOD3
Output buffer and pad delay,
slow slew rate = on
VCCIO = 2.5 V or 3.3 V
C1 = 35 pF
6.2
6.6
ns
tZX1
Output buffer enable delay, slow C1 = 35 pF
slew rate = off VCCIO = 3.3 V
4.0
5.0
ns
tZX2
Output buffer enable delay, slow C1 = 35 pF
slew rate = off VCCIO = 2.5 V
4.5
5.5
ns
tZX3
Output buffer enable delay, slow C1 = 35 pF
slew rate = on
VCCIO = 2.5 V or 3.3 V
9.0
10.0
ns
tXZ
Output buffer disable delay
4.0
5.0
ns
tSU
Register setup time
2.1
2.9
ns
tH
Register hold time
0.9
1.2
ns
tRD
Register delay
1.2
1.6
tCOMB
Combinatorial delay
0.8
1.2
ns
tIC
Array clock delay
1.6
2.1
ns
tEN
Register enable time
1.0
1.3
ns
tGLOB
Global control delay
1.5
2.0
ns
tPRE
Register preset time
2.3
3.0
ns
tCLR
Register clear time
2.3
3.0
ns
tPIA
PIA delay
(2)
2.4
3.2
ns
tLPA
Low–power adder
(5)
4.0
5.0
ns
Altera Corporation
0.9
Max
tIN
C1 = 5 pF
1.2
ns
ns
31
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 21. EPM3512A External Timing Parameters
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
-7
Min
Unit
-10
Max
Min
Max
tPD1
Input to non-registered output
C1 = 35 pF (2)
7.5
10.0
ns
tPD2
I/O input to non-registered
output
C1 = 35 pF (2)
7.5
10.0
ns
tSU
Global clock setup time
(2)
5.6
7.6
ns
tH
Global clock hold time
(2)
0.0
0.0
ns
tFSU
Global clock setup time of fast
input
3.0
3.0
ns
tFH
Global clock hold time of fast
input
0.0
0.0
ns
tCO1
Global clock to output delay
tCH
Global clock high time
C1 = 35 pF
1.0
tCL
Global clock low time
tASU
Array clock setup time
(2)
tAH
Array clock hold time
(2)
0.2
tACO1
Array clock to output delay
C1 = 35 pF (2)
1.0
tACH
Array clock high time
3.0
4.0
ns
tACL
Array clock low time
3.0
4.0
ns
tCPPW
Minimum pulse width for clear
and preset
(3)
3.0
4.0
ns
tCNT
Minimum global clock period
(2)
fCNT
Maximum internal global clock
frequency
(2), (4)
tACNT
Minimum array clock period
(2)
fACNT
Maximum internal array clock
frequency
(2), (4)
Parameter
1.0
6.3
ns
4.0
3.0
4.0
ns
2.5
3.5
ns
ns
0.3
7.8
ns
1.0
10.4
8.6
116.3
11.5
87.0
116.3
ns
11.5
ns
87.0
MHz
Speed Grade
Unit
Note (1)
Conditions
-7
Min
ns
MHz
8.6
Table 22. EPM3512A Internal Timing Parameters (Part 1 of 3)
Symbol
4.7
3.0
-10
Max
Min
Max
tIN
Input pad and buffer delay
0.7
0.9
ns
tIO
I/O input pad and buffer delay
0.7
0.9
ns
tFIN
Fast input delay
3.1
3.6
ns
32
Altera Corporation
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 22. EPM3512A Internal Timing Parameters (Part 2 of 3)
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
-7
Min
Unit
-10
Max
Min
Shared expander delay
tPEXP
Parallel expander delay
0.4
0.5
ns
tLAD
Logic array delay
2.2
2.8
ns
tLAC
Logic control array delay
1.0
1.3
ns
tIOE
Internal output enable delay
0.0
0.0
ns
tOD1
Output buffer and pad delay,
slow slew rate = off
VCCIO = 3.3 V
C1 = 35 pF
1.0
1.5
ns
tOD2
Output buffer and pad delay,
slow slew rate = off
VCCIO = 2.5 V
C1 = 35 pF
1.5
2.0
ns
tOD3
Output buffer and pad delay,
slow slew rate = on
VCCIO = 2.5 V or 3.3 V
C1 = 35 pF
6.0
6.5
ns
tZX1
Output buffer enable delay,
slow slew rate = off
VCCIO = 3.3 V
C1 = 35 pF
4.0
5.0
ns
tZX2
Output buffer enable delay,
slow slew rate = off
VCCIO = 2.5 V
C1 = 35 pF
4.5
5.5
ns
tZX3
Output buffer enable delay,
slow slew rate = on
VCCIO = 3.3 V
C1 = 35 pF
9.0
10.0
ns
tXZ
Output buffer disable delay
C1 = 5 pF
4.0
5.0
ns
tSU
Register setup time
2.1
3.0
ns
tH
Register hold time
0.6
0.8
ns
tFSU
Register setup time of fast input
1.6
1.6
ns
tFH
Register hold time of fast input
1.4
1.4
ns
tRD
Register delay
tCOMB
Combinatorial delay
0.6
0.8
ns
tIC
Array clock delay
1.8
2.3
ns
tEN
Register enable time
1.0
1.3
ns
tGLOB
Global control delay
1.7
2.2
ns
tPRE
Register preset time
1.0
1.4
ns
tCLR
Register clear time
1.0
1.4
ns
tPIA
PIA delay
3.0
4.0
ns
Altera Corporation
2.7
Max
tSEXP
1.3
(2)
3.5
1.7
ns
ns
33
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 22. EPM3512A Internal Timing Parameters (Part 3 of 3)
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
-7
Min
tLPA
Low-power adder
(5)
Unit
-10
Max
4.5
Min
Max
5.0
ns
Notes to tables:
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
These values are specified under the recommended operating conditions, as shown in Table 10 on page 19. See
Figure 11 on page 23 for more information on switching waveforms.
These values are specified for a PIA fan–out of one LAB (16 macrocells). For each additional LAB fan–out in these
devices, add an additional 0.1 ns to the PIA timing value.
This minimum pulse width for preset and clear applies for both global clear and array controls. The tLPA parameter
must be added to this minimum width if the clear or reset signal incorporates the tLAD parameter into the signal
path.
These parameters are measured with a 16–bit loadable, enabled, up/down counter programmed into each LAB.
The tLPA parameter must be added to the tLAD , tLAC, tIC, tEN, tSEXP, tACL, and tCPPW parameters for macrocells
running in low–power mode.
Power
Consumption
Supply power (P) versus frequency (fMAX, in MHz) for MAX 3000A
devices is calculated with the following equation:
P = PINT + PIO = ICCINT × VCC + PIO
The PIO value, which depends on the device output load characteristics
and switching frequency, can be calculated using the guidelines given in
Application Note 74 (Evaluating Power for Altera Devices).
The ICCINT value depends on the switching frequency and the application
logic. The ICCINT value is calculated with the following equation:
ICCINT =
(A × MCTON) + [B × (MCDEV – MCTON)] + (C × MCUSED × fMAX × togLC)
The parameters in the ICCINT equation are:
34
Altera Corporation
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
MCTON
=
MCDEV
MCUSED
=
=
fMAX
togLC
=
=
A, B, C
=
Number of macrocells with the Turbo BitTM option turned
on, as reported in the MAX+PLUS II Report File (.rpt)
Number of macrocells in the device
Total number of macrocells in the design, as reported in
the RPT File
Highest clock frequency to the device
Average percentage of logic cells toggling at each clock
(typically 12.5%)
Constants (shown in Table 23)
Table 23. MAX 3000A ICC Equation Constants
Device
A
B
C
EPM3032A
0.85
0.36
0.017
EPM3064A
0.85
0.36
0.017
EPM3128A
0.85
0.36
0.017
EPM3256A
0.85
0.36
0.017
EPM3512A
0.85
0.36
0.017
The ICCINT calculation provides an ICC estimate based on typical
conditions using a pattern of a 16–bit, loadable, enabled, up/down
counter in each LAB with no output load. Actual ICC should be verified
during operation because this measurement is sensitive to the actual
pattern in the device and the environmental operating conditions.
Figures 12 and 13 show the typical supply current versus frequency for
MAX 3000A devices.
Altera Corporation
35
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Figure 12. ICC vs. Frequency for MAX 3000A Devices
EPM3032A
V CC = 3.3 V
Room Temperature
70
60
50
Typical I CC
Active (mA)
High Speed
227.3 MHz
40
30
144.9 MHz
20
Non-Turbo
10
0
50
100
150
200
250
Frequency (MHz)
EPM3064A
V CC = 3.3 V
Room Temperature
140
120
100
High Speed
Typical I CC
Active (mA) 80
222.2 MHz
60
40
125.0 MHz
Non-Turbo
20
0
50
100
150
200
250Ê
Frequency (MHz)
36
Altera Corporation
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Figure 13. ICC vs. Frequency for MAX 3000A Devices
EPM3128A
V CC = 3.3 V
Room Temperature
210
180
High Speed
192.3 MHz
150
Typical I CC
Active (mA)
120
90
108.7 MHz
60
Non-Turbo
30
50
0
100
150
200
250
Frequency (MHz)
EPM3256A
V CC = 3.3 V
Room Temperature
350
172.4 MHz
300
250
Typical I CC
Active (mA)
High Speed
200
150
102.0 MHz
100
Non-Turbo
50
50
0
100
150
200
Frequency (MHz)
EPM3512A
600
V CC = 3.3 V
Room Temperature
116.3 MHz
500
High Speed
400
Typical I CC
Active (mA)
300
76.3 MHz
200
Low Power
100
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
Frequency (MHz)
Altera Corporation
37
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Device
Pin–Outs
See the Altera web site (http://www.altera.com) or the Altera Digital
Library for pin–out information.
Figures 14 through 18 show the package pin–out diagrams for
MAX 3000A devices.
Figure 14. 44–Pin PLCC/TQFP Package Pin–Out Diagram
I/O/TDI
7
39
I/O
I/O
8
38
I/O/TDO
I/O
9
37
I/O
GND
10
36
GND
I/O
11
35
VCC
I/O
12
34
I/O
I/O/TMS
13
33
I/O
I/O
14
32
I/O/TCK
VCC
15
31
I/O
I/O
16
30
GND
GND
17
29
I/O
EPM3032A
EPM3064A
I/O
I/O
GND
INPUT/GCLK1
INPUT/OE1
INPUT/GCLRn
INPUT/OE2/GCLK2
VCC
I/O
I/O
Pin 1
I/O
I/O
I/O
1 44 43 42 41 40
GND
2
INPUT/GCLK1
3
INPUT/OE1
INPUT/OE2/GCLK2
5 4
INPUT/GCLRn
6
VCC
I/O
I/O
I/O
Package outlines not drawn to scale.
Pin 34
I/O
I/O/TDI
I/O
I/O/TDO
I/O
I/O
GND
GND
VCC
I/O
EPM3032A
EPM3064A
I/O
I/O/TMS
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O/TCK
VCC
I/O
I/O
GND
GND
I/O
44-Pin PLCC
38
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
VCC
GND
I/O
I/O
I/O
Pin 12
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
VCC
GND
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
Pin 23
44-Pin TQFP
Altera Corporation
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Figure 15. 100–Pin TQFP Package Pin–Out Diagram
Package outline not drawn to scale.
Pin 1
Pin 76
EPM3064A
EPM3128A
Pin 26
Pin 51
Figure 16. 144–Pin TQFP Package Pin–Out Diagram
Package outline not drawn to scale.
Indicates location
of Pin 1
Pin 1
Pin 109
EPM3128A
EPM3256A
Pin 37
Altera Corporation
Pin 73
39
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Figure 17. 208–Pin PQFP Package Pin–Out Diagram
Package outline not drawn to scale.
Pin 1
Pin 157
EPM3256A
EPM3512A
Pin 53
40
Pin 105
Altera Corporation
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Figure 18. 256-Pin FineLine BGA Package Pin-Out Diagram
Package outline not drawn to scale.
A1 Ball
Pad Corner
A
Indicates
Location of
Ball A1
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
EPM3512A
J
K
L
M
N
P
R
T
16 15 14 13 12 11 10
Revision
History
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
The information contained in the MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device
Data Sheet version 3.2 supersedes information published in previous
versions. The following changes were made in the MAX 3000A
Programmable Logic Device Data Sheet version 3.2:
Version 3.2
Updated the EPM3512 ICC versus frequency graph in Figure 13.
Version 3.1
The following changes were made in the MAX 3000A Programmable Logic
Device Data Sheet version 3.1:
■
■
Altera Corporation
Updated timing information in Table 1 for the EPM3256A device.
Updated Note (10) of Table 12.
41
MAX 3000A Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Version 3.0
The following changes were made in the MAX 3000A Programmable Logic
Device Data Sheet version 3.0:
■
■
101 Innovation Drive
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(408) 544-7000
http://www.altera.com
Applications Hotline:
(800) 800-EPLD
Customer Marketing:
(408) 544-7104
Literature Services:
lit_req@altera.com
42
Added EPM3512A device.
Updated Tables 2 and 3.
Copyright © 2002 Altera Corporation. All rights reserved. Altera, The Programmable Solutions Company, the
stylized Altera logo, specific device designations, and all other words and logos that are identified as
trademarks and/or service marks are, unless noted otherwise, the trademarks and service marks of Altera
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current specifications in accordance with Altera's standard warranty, but reserves the right
to make changes to any products and services at any time without notice. Altera assumes no
responsibility or liability arising out of the application or use of any information, product, or
service described herein except as expressly agreed to in writing by Altera Corporation.
Altera customers are advised to obtain the latest version of device specifications before
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Altera Corporation