Complete Log Ratio Module Model 756 FEATURES Complete Log Ratio Module Provides Log Ratio of Current Provides Log Ratio of Voltage Dynamic Range of 7 Decades of Ratio APPLICATIONS Log Ratio or Antilog Ratio of Voltages Log Ratio or Antilog Ratio of Currents Absorbance Measurements GENERAL DESCRIPTION Model 756 is a complete temperature compensated DC log ratio module, containing two channels for processing input variables. Channel 1 features a high quality FET amplifier with bias current of only 10pA. Using this input, signals spanning 4 decades can be processed with less than 1% error. By applying signals spanning up to 3 decades to channel 2, overall performance of 1% can be achieved for ratios covering a dynamic range of 10 million to 1 (7 decades). Designed primarily for photometer applications, model 756 replaces two log modules, a subtractor, and associated circuitry. The signal sources for these applications are usually photo diodes which should be operated in the zero-volt mode (short circuit current). When connected as shown in Figure 2, the summing junctions provide virtual grounds, thereby forcing the input currents to be the short circuit current of the photo diodes. where R represents the total feedback resistance of A3, and KDES he desired scale factor. Figure 1. Functional Block Diagram of Model 756 PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION VOLTAGE LOG RATIO CURRENT LOG RATIO The principle of operation for voltage log ratio is identical to that of current log ratio after the voltage signal has been converted to a current. To accomplish this conversion, an external resistor is attached from the voltage signal to the appropriate input current terminal of the 756. Input currents are then determined by: Current log ratio is accomplished by model 756 when two currents, ISIG and IREF, are applied directly to the input terminals (see Figure 1). The two log amps process these signals providing voltages which are proportional to the log of their respective inputs. These voltages are then subtracted and applied to an output amplifier. The scale factor, when connected as shown, is 1V/dec. However, other scale factors may be achieved by using an external/feedback resistor for A3 instead of the internal 15kΩ. The governing equation for this optional adjustment is: Information furnished by Intronics is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Intronics for its use; nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Intronics. 1400 Providence Highway, Building #2 Norwood, MA 02062 Phone (781) 551-5500 FAX (781) 551-5555 www.intronicspower.com

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