NSC LMZ14203

LMZ14203
3A SIMPLE SWITCHER® Power Module with 42V Maximum
Input Voltage
Easy to use 7 pin package
Performance Benefits
■ Operates at high ambient temperature with no thermal
derating
■ High efficiency reduces system heat generation
■ Low radiated emissions (EMI) complies with EN55022
class B standard
■ Passes 10V/m radiated immunity EMI test standard
EN61000 4-3
30107086
TO-PMOD 7 Pin Package
10.16 x 13.77 x 4.57 mm (0.4 x 0.542 x 0.18 in)
θJA = 20°C/W, θJC = 1.9°C/W
RoHS Compliant
System Performance
Efficiency VIN = 24V VOUT = 5.0V
Electrical Specifications
■
■
■
■
■
18W maximum total output power
Up to 3A output current
Input voltage range 6V to 42V
Output voltage range 0.8V to 6V
Efficiency up to 90%
Key Features
■ Integrated shielded inductor
■ Simple PCB layout
■ Flexible startup sequencing using external soft-start and
30107036
Thermal derating curve
VIN = 24V, VOUT = 5.0V,
precision enable
■ Protection against inrush currents and faults such as input
UVLO and output short circuit
■ – 40°C to 125°C junction temperature range
■ Single exposed pad and standard pinout for easy
mounting and manufacturing
■ Fast transient response for powering FPGAs and ASICs
■ Low output voltage ripple
■ Pin-to-pin compatible family:
LMZ14203/2/1 (42V max 3A, 2A, 1A)
LMZ12003/2/1 (20V max 3A, 2A, 1A)
■ Fully enabled for Webench® Power Designer
Applications
■
■
■
■
30107037
Radiated Emissions (EN 55022 Class B)
from Evaluation Board
Point of load conversions from 12V and 24V input rail
Time critical projects
Space constrained / high thermal requirement applications
Negative output voltage applications (See AN-2027)
30107038
© 2010 National Semiconductor Corporation
301070
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LMZ14203 3A SIMPLE SWITCHER® Power Module with 42V Maximum Input Voltage
April 12, 2010
LMZ14203
Simplified Application Schematic
30107001
Connection Diagram
30107002
Top View
7-Lead TO-PMOD
Ordering Information
Order Number
Package Type
NSC Package Drawing
Supplied As
LMZ14203TZ-ADJ
TO-PMOD-7
TZA07A
250 Units on Tape and Reel
LMZ14203TZX-ADJ
TO-PMOD-7
TZA07A
500 Units on Tape and Reel
LMZ14203TZE-ADJ
TO-PMOD-7
TZA07A
45 Units in a Rail
Pin Descriptions
Pin
Name Description
1
VIN
Supply input — Nominal operating range is 6V to 42V . A small amount of internal capacitance is contained within the
package assembly. Additional external input capacitance is required between this pin and exposed pad.
2
RON
On Time Resistor — An external resistor from VIN to this pin sets the on-time of the application. Typical values range
from 25k to 124k ohms.
3
EN
4
GND
5
SS
Soft-Start — An internal 8 µA current source charges an external capacitor to produce the soft-start function. This node
is discharged at 200 µA during disable, over-current, thermal shutdown and internal UVLO conditions.
6
FB
Feedback — Internally connected to the regulation, over-voltage, and short-circuit comparators. The regulation
reference point is 0.8V at this input pin. Connected the feedback resistor divider between the output and ground to set
the output voltage.
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Enable — Input to the precision enable comparator. Rising threshold is 1.18V nominal; 90 mV hysteresis nominal.
Maximum recommended input level is 6.5V.
Ground — Reference point for all stated voltages. Must be externally connected to EP.
2
7
EP
Name Description
VOUT Output Voltage — Output from the internal inductor. Connect the output capacitor between this pin and exposed pad.
EP
Exposed Pad — Internally connected to pin 4. Used to dissipate heat from the package during operation. Must be
electrically connected to pin 4 external to the package.
3
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LMZ14203
Pin
LMZ14203
ESD Susceptibility(Note 2)
For soldering specifications:
see product folder at www.national.com and
www.national.com/ms/MS/MS-SOLDERING.pdf
Absolute Maximum Ratings (Note 1)
If Military/Aerospace specified devices are required,
please contact the National Semiconductor Sales Office/
Distributors for availability and specifications.
VIN, RON to GND
EN, FB, SS to GND
Junction Temperature
Storage Temperature Range
Operating Ratings
-0.3V to 43.5V
-0.3V to 7V
150°C
-65°C to 150°C
± 2 kV
(Note 1)
VIN
EN
Operation Junction Temperature
6V to 42V
0V to 6.5V
−40°C to 125°C
Electrical Characteristics
Limits in standard type are for TJ = 25°C only; limits in boldface type apply over the
junction temperature (TJ) range of -40°C to +125°C. Minimum and Maximum limits are guaranteed through test, design or statistical
correlation. Typical values represent the most likely parametric norm at TJ = 25°C, and are provided for reference purposes only.
Unless otherwise stated the following conditions apply: VIN = 24V, Vout = 3.3V
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
(Note 3)
Typ
(Note 4)
Max
(Note 3)
Units
1.1
1.18
1.25
V
SYSTEM PARAMETERS
Enable Control
VEN
VEN-HYS
EN threshold trip point
VEN rising
EN threshold hysteresis
VEN falling
SS source current
VSS = 0V
90
mV
Soft-Start
ISS
ISS-DIS
5
SS discharge current
8
11
-200
µA
µA
Current Limit
ICL
Current limit threshold
d.c. average
VIN= 12V to 24V
3.2
4.2
5.25
A
ON/OFF Timer
tON-MIN
tOFF
ON timer minimum pulse width
150
ns
OFF timer pulse width
260
ns
Regulation and Over-Voltage Comparator
VFB
VFB-OV
In-regulation feedback voltage
VSS >+ 0.8V
TJ = -40°C to 125°C
IO = 3A
0.784
0.804
0.825
V
VSS >+ 0.8V
TJ = 25°C
IO = 10 mA
0.786
0.802
0.818
V
Feedback over-voltage
protection threshold
0.92
V
IFB
Feedback input bias current
5
nA
IQ
Non Switching Input Current
VFB= 0.86V
1
mA
ISD
Shut Down Quiescent Current
VEN= 0V
25
μA
Thermal Shutdown
Rising
165
°C
Thermal shutdown hysteresis
Falling
15
°C
Junction to Ambient
4 layer JEDEC Printed Circuit Board,
100 vias, No air flow
19.3
°C/W
2 layer JEDEC Printed Circuit Board, No
air flow
21.5
°C/W
No air flow
1.9
°C/W
8
mV PP
Thermal Characteristics
TSD
TSD-HYST
θJA
θJC
Junction to Case
PERFORMANCE PARAMETERS
ΔVO
Output Voltage Ripple
ΔVO/ΔVIN
Line Regulation
VIN = 12V to 42V, IO= 3A
.01
%
ΔVO/IOUT
Load Regulation
VIN = 24V
1.5
mV/A
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4
Min
(Note 3)
Typ
(Note 4)
Max
(Note 3)
Parameter
Conditions
Units
η
Efficiency
VIN = 24V VO = 3.3V IO = 1A
92
%
η
Efficiency
VIN = 24V VO = 3.3V IO = 3A
85
%
Note 1: Absolute Maximum Ratings are limits beyond which damage to the device may occur. Operating Ratings are conditions under which operation of the
device is intended to be functional. For guaranteed specifications and test conditions, see the Electrical Characteristics.
Note 2: The human body model is a 100pF capacitor discharged through a 1.5 kΩ resistor into each pin. Test method is per JESD-22-114.
Note 3: Min and Max limits are 100% production tested at 25°C. Limits over the operating temperature range are guaranteed through correlation using Statistical
Quality Control (SQC) methods. Limits are used to calculate National’s Average Outgoing Quality Level (AOQL).
Note 4: Typical numbers are at 25°C and represent the most likely parametric norm.
Note 5: EN 55022:2006, +A1:2007, FCC Part 15 Subpart B: 2007. See AN-2024 and layout for information on device under test.
Note 6: Theta JA measured on a 1.705” x 3.0” four layer board, with one ounce copper, thirty five 12 mil thermal vias, no air flow, and 1W power dissipation.
Refer to PCB layout diagrams
Typical Performance Characteristics
Unless otherwise specified, the following conditions apply: VIN = 24V; Cin = 10uF X7R Ceramic; CO = 100uF X7R Ceramic; Tambient = 25 C for efficiency curves and waveforms.
Efficiency 6V Input @ 25°C
Dissipation 6V Input @ 25°C
30107031
30107032
Efficiency 12V Input @ 25°C
Dissipation 12V Input @ 25°C
30107003
30107004
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LMZ14203
Symbol
LMZ14203
Efficiency 24V Input @ 25°C
Dissipation 24V Input @ 25°C
30107026
30107027
Efficiency 36V Input @ 25°C
Dissipation 36V Input @ 25°C
30107029
30107030
Efficiency 6V Input @ 85°C
Dissipation 6V input @ 85°C
30107033
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30107034
6
LMZ14203
Efficiency 8V input 85°C
Dissipation 8V input 85°C
30107041
30107040
Efficiency 12V [email protected] 85°C
Dissipation 12V input @ 85°C
30107042
30107043
Efficiency 24V input @ 85°C
Dissipation 24V input @ 85°C
30107044
30107045
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LMZ14203
Efficiency 36V input @ 85°C
Dissipation 36V input @ 85°C
30107046
30107047
Line and Load Regulation @ 25°C
Output Ripple
24VIN 3.3VO 3A, BW = 200 MHz
30107005
30107048
Transient Response
24VIN 3.3VO 0.6A to 3A Step
Thermal Derating VOUT = 3.3V
30107006
30107051
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LMZ14203
Application Block Diagram
30107008
The function of this resistive divider is to allow the designer to
choose an input voltage below which the circuit will be disabled. This implements the feature of programmable under
voltage lockout. This is often used in battery powered systems
to prevent deep discharge of the system battery. It is also
useful in system designs for sequencing of output rails or to
prevent early turn-on of the supply as the main input voltage
rail rises at power-up. Applying the enable divider to the main
input rail is often done in the case of higher input voltage systems such as 24V AC/DC systems where a lower boundary
of operation should be established. In the case of sequencing
supplies, the divider is connected to a rail that becomes active
earlier in the power-up cycle than the LMZ14203 output rail.
The two resistors should be chosen based on the following
ratio:
COT Control Circuit Overview
Constant On Time control is based on a comparator and an
on-time one shot, with the output voltage feedback compared
with an internal 0.8V reference. If the feedback voltage is below the reference, the main MOSFET is turned on for a fixed
on-time determined by a programming resistor RON. RON is
connected to VIN such that on-time is reduced with increasing
input supply voltage. Following this on-time, the main MOSFET remains off for a minimum of 260 ns. If the voltage on the
feedback pin falls below the reference level again the on-time
cycle is repeated. Regulation is achieved in this manner.
Design Steps for the LMZ14203
Application
RENT / RENB = (VIN UVLO/ 1.18V) – 1 (1)
The LMZ14203 is fully supported by Webench® and offers
the following: Component selection, electrical and thermal
simulations as well as the build-it board for a reduction in design time. The following list of steps can be used to manually
design the LMZ14203 application.
• Select minimum operating VIN with enable divider resistors
• Program VO with divider resistor selection
• Program turn-on time with soft-start capacitor selection
• Select CO
• Select CIN
• Set operating frequency with RON
• Determine module dissipation
• Layout PCB for required thermal performance
The LMZ14203 demonstration and evaluation boards use
11.8kΩ for RENB and 68.1kΩ for RENT resulting in a rising UVLO of 8V. This divider presents 6.25V to the EN input when
the divider input is raised to 42V.
OUTPUT VOLTAGE SELECTION
Output voltage is determined by a divider of two resistors
connected between VO and ground. The midpoint of the divider is connected to the FB input. The voltage at FB is
compared to a 0.8V internal reference. In normal operation
an on-time cycle is initiated when the voltage on the FB pin
falls below 0.8V. The main MOSFET on-time cycle causes the
output voltage to rise and the voltage at the FB to exceed
0.8V. As long as the voltage at FB is above 0.8V, on-time
cycles will not occur.
The regulated output voltage determined by the external divider resistors RFBT and RFBB is:
ENABLE DIVIDER, RENT AND RENB SELECTION
The enable input provides a precise 1.18V band-gap rising
threshold to allow direct logic drive or connection to a voltage
divider from a higher enable voltage such as VIN. The enable
input also incorporates 90 mV (typ) of hysteresis resulting in
a falling threshold of 1.09V. The maximum recommended
voltage into the EN pin is 6.5V. For applications where the
midpoint of the enable divider exceeds 6.5V, a small zener
can be added to limit this voltage.
VO = 0.8V * (1 + RFBT / RFBB) (2)
Rearranging terms; the ratio of the feedback resistors for a
desired output voltage is:
RFBT / RFBB = (VO / 0.8V) - 1 (3)
These resistors should be chosen from values in the range of
1.0 kohm to 10.0 kohm.
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LMZ14203
For VO = 0.8V the FB pin can be connected to the output directly so long as an output preload resistor remains that draws
more than 20uA. Converter operation requires this minimum
load to create a small inductor ripple current and maintain
proper regulation when no load is present.
A feed-forward capacitor is placed in parallel with RFBT to improve load step transient response. Its value is usually determined experimentally by load stepping between DCM and
CCM conduction modes and adjusting for best transient response and minimum output ripple.
A table of values for RFBT , RFBB , CFF and RON is included in
the applications schematic.
ternal to the module to handle the input ripple current of the
application. This input capacitance should be located in very
close proximity to the module. Input capacitor selection is
generally directed to satisfy the input ripple current requirements rather than by capacitance value. Worst case input
ripple current rating is dictated by the equation:
I(CIN(RMS)) ≊ 1 /2 * IO * √ (D / 1-D) (8)
where D ≊ VO / VIN
(As a point of reference, the worst case ripple current will occur when the module is presented with full load current and
when VIN = 2 * VO).
Recommended minimum input capacitance is 10uF X7R ceramic with a voltage rating at least 25% higher than the
maximum applied input voltage for the application. It is also
recommended that attention be paid to the voltage and temperature deratings of the capacitor selected. It should be
noted that ripple current rating of ceramic capacitors may be
missing from the capacitor data sheet and you may have to
contact the capacitor manufacturer for this rating.
If the system design requires a certain minimum value of input
ripple voltage ΔVIN be maintained then the following equation
may be used.
SOFT-START CAPACITOR SELECTION
Programmable soft-start permits the regulator to slowly ramp
to its steady state operating point after being enabled, thereby
reducing current inrush from the input supply and slowing the
output voltage rise-time to prevent overshoot.
Upon turn-on, after all UVLO conditions have been passed,
an internal 8uA current source begins charging the external
soft-start capacitor. The soft-start time duration to reach
steady state operation is given by the formula:
tSS = VREF * CSS / Iss = 0.8V * CSS / 8uA (4)
This equation can be rearranged as follows:
CIN ≥ IO * D * (1–D) / fSW-CCM * ΔVIN(9)
CSS = tSS * 8 μA / 0.8V (5)
If ΔVIN is 1% of VIN for a 24V input to 3.3V output application
this equals 240 mV and fSW = 400 kHz.
Use of a 0.022μF capacitor results in 2.2 msec soft-start duration. This is recommended as a minimum value.
As the soft-start input exceeds 0.8V the output of the power
stage will be in regulation. The soft-start capacitor continues
charging until it reaches approximately 3.8V on the SS pin.
Voltage levels between 0.8V and 3.8V have no effect on other
circuit operation. Note that the following conditions will reset
the soft-start capacitor by discharging the SS input to ground
with an internal 200 μA current sink.
• The enable input being “pulled low”
• Thermal shutdown condition
• Over-current fault
• Internal Vcc UVLO (Approx 4V input to VIN)
CIN≥ 3A * 3.3V/24V * (1– 3.3V/24V) / (400000 * 0.240 V)
≥ 3.7μF
CO SELECTION
None of the required CO output capacitance is contained within the module. At a minimum, the output capacitor must meet
the worst case minimum ripple current rating of 0.5 * ILR P-P,
as calculated in equation (19) below. Beyond that, additional
capacitance will reduce output ripple so long as the ESR is
low enough to permit it. A minimum value of 10 μF is generally
required. Experimentation will be required if attempting to operate with a minimum value. Ceramic capacitors or other low
ESR types are recommended. See AN-2024 for more detail.
The following equation provides a good first pass approximation of CO for load transient requirements:
The selection of RON and fSW(CCM) must be confined by limitations in the on-time and off-time for the COT control section.
The on-time of the LMZ14203 timer is determined by the resistor RON and the input voltage VIN. It is calculated as follows:
Additional bulk capacitance with higher ESR may be required
to damp any resonant effects of the input capacitance and
parasitic inductance of the incoming supply lines.
RON RESISTOR SELECTION
Many designs will begin with a desired switching frequency in
mind. For that purpose the following equation can be used.
fSW(CCM) ≊ VO / (1.3 * 10-10 * RON) (10)
This can be rearranged as
RON ≊ VO / (1.3 * 10 -10 * fSW(CCM) (11)
tON = (1.3 * 10-10 * RON) / VIN (12)
The inverse relationship of tON and VIN gives a nearly constant
switching frequency as VIN is varied. RON should be selected
such that the on-time at maximum VIN is greater than 150 ns.
The on-timer has a limiter to ensure a minimum of 150 ns for
tON. This limits the maximum operating frequency, which is
governed by the following equation:
CO≥ISTEP*VFB*L*VIN/ (4*VO*(VIN—VO)*VOUT-TRAN)(6)
fSW(MAX) = VO / (VIN(MAX) * 150 nsec) (13)
Solving:
This equation can be used to select RON if a certain operating
frequency is desired so long as the minimum on-time of 150
ns is observed. The limit for RON can be calculated as follows:
CO≥ 3A*0.8V*6.8μH*24V / (4*3.3V*( 24V — 3.3V)*33mV)
≥ 43μF (7)
RON ≥ VIN(MAX) * 150 nsec / (1.3 * 10 -10) (14)
The LMZ14203 demonstration and evaluation boards are
populated with a 100 uF 6.3V X5R output capacitor. Locations
for extra output capacitors are provided.
If RON calculated in (11) is less than the minimum value determined in (14) a lower frequency should be selected. Alternatively, VIN(MAX) can also be limited in order to keep the
frequency unchanged.
CIN SELECTION
The LMZ14203 module contains an internal 0.47 µF input ceramic capacitor. Additional input capacitance is required ex-
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10
Discontinuous Conduction and Continuous Conduction
Modes
At light load the regulator will operate in discontinuous conduction mode (DCM). With load currents above the critical
conduction point, it will operate in continuous conduction
mode (CCM). When operating in DCM the switching cycle
begins at zero amps inductor current; increases up to a peak
value, and then recedes back to zero before the end of the
off-time. Note that during the period of time that inductor current is zero, all load current is supplied by the output capacitor.
The next on-time period starts when the voltage on the at the
FB pin falls below the internal reference. The switching frequency is lower in DCM and varies more with load current as
compared to CCM. Conversion efficiency in DCM is maintained since conduction and switching losses are reduced
with the smaller load and lower switching frequency. Operating frequency in DCM can be calculated as follows:
30107014
The inductor internal to the module is 6.8 μH. This value was
chosen as a good balance between low and high input voltage
applications. The main parameter affected by the inductor is
the amplitude of the inductor ripple current (ILR). ILR can be
calculated with:
fSW(DCM)≊VO*(VIN-1)*6.8μH*1.18*1020*IO/(VIN–VO)*RON2 (15)
In CCM, current flows through the inductor through the entire
switching cycle and never falls to zero during the off-time. The
switching frequency remains relatively constant with load current and line voltage variations. The CCM operating frequency can be calculated using equation 7 above.
Following is a comparison pair of waveforms of the showing
both CCM (upper) and DCM operating modes.
ILR P-P=VO*(VIN- VO)/(6.8µH*fSW*VIN) (17)
Where VIN is the maximum input voltage and fSW is determined from equation 10.
If the output current IO is determined by assuming that IO =
IL, the higher and lower peak of ILR can be determined. Be
aware that the lower peak of ILR must be positive if CCM operation is required.
CCM and DCM Operating Modes
VIN = 24V, VO = 3.3V, IO = 3A/0.4A 2 μsec/div
POWER DISSIPATION AND BOARD THERMAL
REQUIREMENTS
For the design case of VIN = 24V, VO = 3.3V, IO = 3A, TAMB
(MAX) = 85°C , and TJUNCTION = 125°C, the device must see a
thermal resistance from case to ambient of:
θCA< (TJ-MAX — TAMB(MAX)) / PIC-LOSS - θJC (18)
Given the typical thermal resistance from junction to case to
be 1.9 °C/W. Use the 85°C power dissipation curves in the
Typical Performance Characteristics section to estimate the
PIC-LOSS for the application being designed. In this application
it is 2.25W.
θCA <(125 — 85) / 2.25W — 1.9 = 15.8
To reach θCA = 15.8, the PCB is required to dissipate heat
effectively. With no airflow and no external heat, a good estimate of the required board area covered by 1 oz. copper on
both the top and bottom metal layers is:
30107012
The approximate formula for determining the DCM/CCM
boundary is as follows:
Board Area_cm2 > 500°C x cm2/W / θCA (19)
IDCB≊VO*(VIN–VO)/(2*6.8 μH*fSW(CCM)*VIN) (16)
As a result, approximately 31.5 square cm of 1 oz copper on
top and bottom layers is required for the PCB design. The
PCB copper heat sink must be connected to the exposed pad.
Approximately thirty six, 10mils (254 μm) thermal vias spaced
59mils (1.5 mm) apart must connect the top copper to the
bottom copper. For an example of a high thermal performance
PCB layout, refer to the Evaluation Board application note
AN-2024.
Following is a typical waveform showing the boundary condition.
PC BOARD LAYOUT GUIDELINES
PC board layout is an important part of DC-DC converter design. Poor board layout can disrupt the performance of a DCDC converter and surrounding circuitry by contributing to EMI,
ground bounce and resistive voltage drop in the traces. These
can send erroneous signals to the DC-DC converter resulting
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LMZ14203
Transition Mode Operation
VIN = 24V, VO = 3.3V, IO = 0.5 A 2 μsec/div
Additionally note, the minimum off-time of 260 ns limits the
maximum duty ratio. Larger RON (lower FSW) should be selected in any application requiring large duty ratio.
LMZ14203
in poor regulation or instability. Good layout can be implemented by following a few simple design rules.
Additional Features
OUTPUT OVER-VOLTAGE COMPARATOR
The voltage at FB is compared to a 0.92V internal reference.
If FB rises above 0.92V the on-time is immediately terminated. This condition is known as over-voltage protection (OVP).
It can occur if the input voltage is increased very suddenly or
if the output load is decreased very suddenly. Once OVP is
activated, the top MOSFET on-times will be inhibited until the
condition clears. Additionally, the synchronous MOSFET will
remain on until inductor current falls to zero.
CURRENT LIMIT
Current limit detection is carried out during the off-time by
monitoring the current in the synchronous MOSFET. Referring to the Functional Block Diagram, when the top MOSFET
is turned off, the inductor current flows through the load, the
PGND pin and the internal synchronous MOSFET. If this current exceeds 4.2A (typical) the current limit comparator disables the start of the next on-time period. The next switching
cycle will occur only if the FB input is less than 0.8V and the
inductor current has decreased below 4.2A. Inductor current
is monitored during the period of time the synchronous MOSFET is conducting. So long as inductor current exceeds 4.2A,
further on-time intervals for the top MOSFET will not occur.
Switching frequency is lower during current limit due to the
longer off-time. It should also be noted that current limit is
dependent on both duty cycle and temperature.
30107011
1. Minimize area of switched current loops.
From an EMI reduction standpoint, it is imperative to minimize
the high di/dt paths during PC board layout. The high current
loops that do not overlap have high di/dt content that will
cause observable high frequency noise on the output pin if
the input capacitor (Cin1) is placed at a distance away from
the LMZ14203. Therefore place CIN1 as close as possible to
the LMZ14203 VIN and GND exposed pad. This will minimize
the high di/dt area and reduce radiated EMI. Additionally,
grounding for both the input and output capacitor should consist of a localized top side plane that connects to the GND
exposed pad (EP).
2. Have a single point ground.
The ground connections for the feedback, soft-start, and enable components should be routed to the GND pin of the
device. This prevents any switched or load currents from
flowing in the analog ground traces. If not properly handled,
poor grounding can result in degraded load regulation or erratic output voltage ripple behavior. Provide the single point
ground connection from pin 4 to EP.
3. Minimize trace length to the FB pin.
Both feedback resistors, RFBT and RFBB, and the feed forward
capacitor CFF, should be located close to the FB pin. Since
the FB node is high impedance, maintain the copper area as
small as possible. The trace are from RFBT, RFBB, and CFF
should be routed away from the body of the LMZ14203 to
minimize noise.
4. Make input and output bus connections as wide as
possible.
This reduces any voltage drops on the input or output of the
converter and maximizes efficiency. To optimize voltage accuracy at the load, ensure that a separate feedback voltage
sense trace is made to the load. Doing so will correct for voltage drops and provide optimum output accuracy.
5. Provide adequate device heat-sinking.
Use an array of heat-sinking vias to connect the exposed pad
to the ground plane on the bottom PCB layer. If the PCB has
a plurality of copper layers, these thermal vias can also be
employed to make connection to inner layer heat-spreading
ground planes. For best results use a 6 x 6 via array with
minimum via diameter of 10mils (254 μm) thermal vias spaced
59mils (1.5 mm). Ensure enough copper area is used for heatsinking to keep the junction temperature below 125°C.
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THERMAL PROTECTION
The junction temperature of the LMZ14203 should not be allowed to exceed its maximum ratings. Thermal protection is
implemented by an internal Thermal Shutdown circuit which
activates at 165 °C (typ) causing the device to enter a low
power standby state. In this state the main MOSFET remains
off causing VO to fall, and additionally the CSS capacitor is
discharged to ground. Thermal protection helps prevent
catastrophic failures for accidental device overheating. When
the junction temperature falls back below 145 °C (typ Hyst =
20 °C) the SS pin is released, VO rises smoothly, and normal
operation resumes.
Applications requiring maximum output current especially
those at high input voltage may require application derating
at elevated temperatures.
ZERO COIL CURRENT DETECTION
The current of the lower (synchronous) MOSFET is monitored
by a zero coil current detection circuit which inhibits the synchronous MOSFET when its current reaches zero until the
next on-time. This circuit enables the DCM operating mode,
which improves efficiency at light loads.
12
LMZ14203
Pre-Biased Startup
PRE-BIASED STARTUP
The LMZ14203 will properly start up into a pre-biased output.
This startup situation is common in multiple rail logic applications where current paths may exist between different power
rails during the startup sequence. The following scope capture shows proper behavior during this event.
30107025
13
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LMZ14203
Evaluation Board Schematic Diagram
30107007
Ref Des
Description
Case Size
Case Size
Manufacturer P/N
U1
SIMPLE SWITCHER ®
TO-PMOD-7
National Semiconductor
LMZ14203TZ
Cin1
1 µF, 50V, X7R
1206
Taiyo Yuden
UMK316B7105KL-T
Cin2
10 µF, 50V, X7R
1210
Taiyo Yuden
UMK325BJ106MM-T
CO1
1 µF, 50V, X7R
1206
Taiyo Yuden
'UMK316B7105KL-T
CO2
100 µF, 6.3V, X7R
1210
Taiyo Yuden
JMK325BJ107MM-T
RFBT
3.32 kΩ
0603
Vishay Dale
CRCW06033K32FKEA
RFBB
1.07 kΩ
0603
Vishay Dale
CRCW06031K07FKEA
RON
61.9 kΩ
0603
Vishay Dale
CRCW060361k9FKEA
RENT
68.1 kΩ
0603
Vishay Dale
CRCW060368k1FKEA
RENB
11.8 kΩ
0603
Vishay Dale
CRCW060311k8FKEA
CFF
22 nF, ±10%, X7R, 16V
0603
TDK
C1608X7R1H223K
CSS
22 nF, ±10%, X7R, 16V
0603
TDK
C1608X7R1H223K
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14
LMZ14203
30107016
30107017
15
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LMZ14203
Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted
7-Lead TZA Package
NS Package Number TZA07A
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16
LMZ14203
Notes
17
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LMZ14203 3A SIMPLE SWITCHER® Power Module with 42V Maximum Input Voltage
Notes
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