TI BQ76PL536APAPR

bq76PL536A
www.ti.com
SLUSAD3A – JUNE 2011 – REVISED AUGUST 2012
3 to 6 Series Cell Lithium-Ion Battery Monitor and Secondary Protection IC for
Applications
Check for Samples: bq76PL536A
FEATURES
APPLICATIONS
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1
2
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3 to 6 Series Cell Support, All Chemistries
Hot-Pluggable
High-Speed SPI for Data Communications
Stackable Vertical Interface
No Isolation Components Required Between
ICs
Industrial Temperature Range –40°C to 85°C
High-Accuracy Analog-to-Digital Converter
(ADC):
– ±1 mV Typical Accuracy
– 14-Bit Resolution, 6-µs Conversion Time
– Nine ADC Inputs: 6 Cell Voltages, 1 Six-Cell
Brick Voltage, 2 Temperatures, 1 GeneralPurpose Input
– Dedicated Pins for Synchronizing
Measurements
Configuration Data Stored in ECC-OTP
Registers
Built-In Comparators (Secondary Protector)
for:
– Over- and Undervoltage Protection
– Overtemperature Protection
– Programmable Thresholds and Delay Times
– Dedicated Fault Output Signals
Cell Balancing Control Outputs With Safety
Timeout
– Balance Current Set by External
Components
Supply Voltage Range from 6 V to 30 V
Continuous and 36 V Peak
Low Power:
– Typical 12-µA Sleep, 45-µA Idle
Integrated Precision 5-V, 3-mA LDO
Uninterruptible Power Systems (UPS)
E-Bike and E-Scooter
Large-Format Battery Systems
DESCRIPTION
The bq76PL536A is a stackable three to six series
cell lithium-ion battery pack protector and analog front
end (AFE) that incorporates a precision analog-todigital converter (ADC); independent cell voltage and
temperature protection; cell balancing, and a
precision 5-V regulator to power user circuitry.
The bq76PL536A integrates a voltage translation and
precision analog-to-digital converter system to
measure battery cell voltages with high accuracy and
speed.
The bq76PL536A provides full protection (secondary
protection) for overvoltage, undervoltage, and
overtemperature conditions. When safety thresholds
are exceeded, the bq76PL536A sets the FAULT
output. No external components are needed to
configure or enable the protection features.
Cell voltage and temperature protection functions are
independent of the ADC system. Programmable
protection thresholds and detection delay times are
stored in Error Check/Correct (ECC) OTP EPROM,
which increases the flexibility and reliability of the
battery management system.
The bq76PL536A is intended to be used with a host
controller to maximize the functionality of the battery
management system. However, the protection
functions do not require a host controller.
The bq76PL536A can be stacked vertically to monitor
up to 192 cells without additional isolation
components between ICs. A high-speed serial
peripheral interface (SPI) bus operates between each
bq76PL536A to provide reliable communications
through a high-voltage battery cell stack.
1
2
Please be aware that an important notice concerning availability, standard warranty, and use in critical applications of
Texas Instruments semiconductor products and disclaimers thereto appears at the end of this data sheet.
PowerPAD is a trademark of Texas Instruments.
PRODUCTION DATA information is current as of publication date.
Products conform to specifications per the terms of the Texas
Instruments standard warranty. Production processing does not
necessarily include testing of all parameters.
Copyright © 2011–2012, Texas Instruments Incorporated
bq76PL536A
SLUSAD3A – JUNE 2011 – REVISED AUGUST 2012
www.ti.com
These devices have limited built-in ESD protection. The leads should be shorted together or the device placed in conductive foam
during storage or handling to prevent electrostatic damage to the MOS gates.
TYPICAL IMPLEMENTATION
PACK+
CONTROL (North)
SPI
FAULT
ALERT
CONV
DRDY
TO NEXT DEVICE
SPI
(North)
CELL_6
GPAI
bq76PL536A
GPIO
CBx (6)
CELL_1
CONTROL (North)
SPI
(South)
SPI
ALERT
FAULT
DRDY
CONV
CONTROL (South)
REG50
••• CELL_2-5 •••
HO S T I NT ERF ACE
(n o t u sed )
AUX
SPI
(North)
CELL_6
GPAI
bq76PL536A
GPIO
••• CELL_2-5 •••
AUX
DRDY
FAULT
ALERT
SPI
HO S T I NT ERF ACE
HOST
INTERFACE
CONV
CBx (6)
CELL_1
South Interface
(not used on bottom device)
PACK-
Figure 1. Simplified System Connection
PIN DETAILS
PIN FUNCTIONS
PIN
NAME
NO.
TYPE (1)
DESCRIPTION
AGND
15
AI
Internal analog VREF (–)
ALERT_H
38
O
Host-to-device interface – ALERT condition detected in this or higher (North) device
ALERT_N
57
I
Current-mode input indicating a system status change from the next-higher bq76PL536A
ALERT_S
23
OD
AUX
31
O
Switched 1-mA limited output from REG50
BAT1
63
P
Power-supply voltage, connect to most-positive cell +, tie to BAT2 on PCB
BAT2
64
P
Power-supply voltage, connect to most-positive cell +, tie to BAT1 on PCB
CB1
12
O
Cell-balance control output
CB2
10
O
Cell-balance control output
CB3
8
O
Cell-balance control output
(1)
2
Current-mode output indicating a system status change to the next lower bq76PL536A
Key: I = digital input, AI = analog input, O = digital output, OD = open-drain output, T = 3-state output, P = power.
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SLUSAD3A – JUNE 2011 – REVISED AUGUST 2012
PIN
NAME
NO.
TYPE (1)
DESCRIPTION
CB4
6
O
Cell-balance control output
CB5
4
O
Cell-balance control output
CB6
2
O
Cell-balance control output
CONV_H
36
I
Host-to-device interface – initiates a synchronous conversion. Pin has 250-nA internal sink to VSS.
CONV_N
59
OD
CONV_S
21
I
Input from the adjacent lower bq76PL536A to initiate a conversion
CS_H
43
I
Host-to-device interface – active-low chip select from host. Internal 100-kΩ pullup resistor
CS_N
52
OD
Current-mode output used to select the next-higher bq76PL536A for SPI communication
CS_S
29
I
Current-mode input SPI chip-select (slave-select) from the next-lower bq76PL536A
DRDY_H
37
O
Host-to-device interface – conversion complete, data-ready indication
DRDY_N
58
I
Current-mode input indicating conversion data is ready from next-higher bq76PL536A
DRDY_S
22
OD
FAULT_H
39
O
Host-to-device interface – FAULT condition detected in this or higher (North) device
FAULT_N
56
I
Current-mode input indicating a system status change from the next-higher bq76PL536A
FAULT_S
24
OD
Current-mode output
GPAI+
48
AI
General-purpose (differential) analog input, connect to VSS if unused.
GPAI–
47
AI
General-purpose (differential) analog input, connect to VSS if unused.
GPIO
45
IOD
HSEL
44
I
Host interface enable, 0 = enable, 1 = disable
LDOA
17
P
Internal analog 5-V LDO bypass connection, requires 2.2-µF ceramic capacitor for stability
LDOD1
18
P
Internal digital 5-V LDO bypass connection 1, requires 2.2-µF ceramic capacitor for stability. This pin is tied
internally to LDOD2. This pin should be tied to LDOD2 externally.
LDOD2
46
P
Internal digital 5-V LDO bypass connection 2, requires 2.2-µF ceramic capacitor for stability. This pin is tied
internally to LDOD1. This pin should be tied to LDOD1 externally.
NC30
30
–
No connection
NC51
51
–
No connect
NC62
62
–
No connect
REG50
32
P
5-V user LDO output, requires 2.2-µF ceramic capacitor for stability
SCLK_H
40
I
Host-to-device interface – SPI clock from host
SCLK_N
55
OD
Current-mode output SPI clock to the next-higher bq76PL536A
SCLK_S
26
I
Current-mode input SPI clock from the next-lower bq76PL536A
SDI_H
42
I
Host-to-device interface – data from host to device (host MOSI signal)
SDI_N
53
OD
Current-mode output for SPI data to the next-higher bq76PL536A
SDI_S
28
I
Current-mode input for SPI data from the next-lower bq76PL536A
SDO_H
41
O
Host-to-device interface – data from device to host (host MISO signal), 3-state pin, 250-nA internal pullup
SDO_N
54
I
Current-mode input for SPI data from the next-lower bq76PL536A
SDO_S
27
OD
Current-mode output for SPI data to the next-lower bq76PL536A
TEST
50
I
TS1+
20
AI
Differential temperature sensor input
TS1–
19
AI
Differential temperature sensor input
TS2+
61
AI
Differential temperature sensor input
TS2–
60
AI
Differential temperature sensor input
VC0
13
AI
Sense-voltage input terminal for negative terminal of first cell (VSS)
VC1
11
AI
Sense voltage input terminal for positive terminal of the first cell
VC2
9
AI
Sense voltage input terminal for the positive terminal of the second cell
VC3
7
AI
Sense voltage input terminal for the positive terminal of the third cell
VC4
5
AI
Sense voltage input terminal for the positive terminal of the fourth cell
VC5
3
AI
Sense voltage input terminal for the positive terminal of the fifth cell
Current-mode output to the next-higher bq76PL536A to initiate a conversion
Current-mode output indicating conversion data is ready to the next lower bq76PL536A
Digital open-drain I/O. A 10-kΩ to 2-MΩ pullup is recommended.
Factory test pin. Connect to VSS in user circuitry. This pin includes ~100-kΩ internal pulldown
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PIN
NAME
www.ti.com
TYPE (1)
NO.
DESCRIPTION
VC6
1
AI
Sense voltage input terminal for the positive terminal of the sixth cell
VREF
16
P
Internal analog voltage reference (+), requires 10-µF, low-ESR ceramic capacitor to AGND for stability
VSS
14,
33,
34, 35
P
VSS
VSSD
25, 49
P
VSS
–
–
Thermal pad on bottom of PowerPAD™ package; this must be soldered to similar-size copper area on
PCB and connected to VSS, to meet stated specifications herein. Provides heat-sinking to part.
Thermal
pad
PINOUT DIAGRAM
NC51
TEST
VSSD
BAT1
NC62
TS2+
TS2–
CONV_N
DRDY_N
ALERT_N
FAULT_N
SCLK_N
SDO_N
SDI_N
CS_N
BAT2
PAP Package
(Top View)
64 63 62 61 60 59 58 57 56 55 54 53 52 51 50 49
VC6
CB6
VC5
CB5
VC4
CB4
VC3
CB3
VC2
CB2
VC1
CB1
VC0
VSS
AGND
VREF
1
2
3
4
5
6
48
47
46
45
44
43
GPAI+
GPAI–
LDOD2
GPIO
HSEL
CS_H
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
SDI_H
SDO_H
SCLK_H
FAULT_H
ALERT_H
DRDY_H
CONV_H
VSS
VSS
VSS
SDI_S
CS_S
NC30
AUX
REG50
TS1+
CONV_S
DRDY_S
ALERT_S
FAULT_S
VSSD
SCLK_S
SDO_S
LDOA
LDOD1
TS1–
17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32
P0071-04
ORDERING INFORMATION
(1)
4
TA
PACKAGE
–40°C To 85°C
64 TQFP PowerPAD package
PART NO.
bq76PL536APAP
(1)
The bq76PL536APAP can be ordered in tape and reel as bq76PL536APAPT (quantity 1000) or
bq76PL536APAPR (quantity 250).
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SLUSAD3A – JUNE 2011 – REVISED AUGUST 2012
LDOD
LDO-A
LDO-D
VBAT
LDOA
REG50
AUX
FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM
bq76PL536
CONV_N
TS2+
OT1
1.25V REF2
DRDY_N
TS2–
5V LDO
(User Circuitry)
FAULT _N
TS1–
SHIFTED
NORTH
COMM’s
INTERFACE
ALERT_N
CS_N
SCLK_N
TS1+
OT2
THERMAL
SHUTDOWN
OV
VC6
UV
SDI_N
CB6
EPROM
OV
SDO_N
VC5
REGISTERS
CONV_H
UV
DRDY_H
SDI_H
DIGITAL
CONTROL
LOGIC
SDO_H
CONV_S
2.5V
DRDY_S
FAULT _S
ALERT_S
CS_S
SCLK_S
VREF
LEVEL
SHIFTED
SOUTH
COMM’s
INTERFACE
+
-
CELL BALANCING
14 bit
ADC
LEVEL SHIFT AND MUX
SCLK_H
ULTRA-PRECISION
BANDGAP
CS_H
HOST
INTERFACE
FAULT _H
ALERT_H
CB5
OV
UV
OV
UV
OV
VC4
CB4
VC3
CB3
VC2
UV
CB2
OV
VC1
UV
CB1
SDI_S
OSC
SDO_S
VC0
VSS
VSS
GPAI–
GPAI+
AGND
VREF
DIGITAL
VSSD
ANALOG
GPIO
REF2
PROTECTOR
COMMUNICATIONS
POWER
Figure 2. bq76PL536A Block Diagram
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ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted)
(1)
(2)
VALUE
UNIT
Supply voltage range, VMAX
BAT1
–0.3 to 36
V
BAT voltage to any other pin
BAT to any pin
–0.3 to 36
V
VC1–VC6
–0.3 to 36
VC0
–0.3 to 2
VCn to VCn-1, n=1 to 6
Input voltage range, VIN
0 to 36
TS1+, TS1–, TS2+, TS2–
–0.3 to 6
GPAI
–0.3 to 6
GPIO
–0.3 to VREG50 + 0.3
DRDY_N, SDO_N, FAULT_N, ALERT_N
VBAT – 1 to VBAT + 2
CONV_S, SDI_S, SCLK_S, CS_S
–2 to 1
CONV_N, SDI_N, SCLK_N, CS_N
–0.3 to 36
DRDY_S, SDO_S, FAULT_S, ALERT_S
Output voltage range, VO
–0.3 to 5
GPIO
–0.3 to VREG50 + 0.3
CB1…CB6 (CBREF = 0x00)
–0.3 to 36
REG50, AUX
–0.3 to 6
Junction temperature
Storage temperature range, Tstg
(1)
(2)
V
V
150
°C
–65 to 150
°C
Stresses beyond those listed under Absolute Maximum Ratings may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings
only; functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated under Recommended Operating
Conditions is not implied. Exposure to absolute-maximum-rated conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
All voltages are with respect to VSS of this device except where otherwise noted.
RECOMMENDED OPERATING CONDITIONS
Typical values stated where TA = 25ºC and VBAT = 20 V, Min/Max values stated where TA = –40˚C to 85ºC and VBAT = 7.2 V
to 30 V (unless otherwise noted)
MIN
VBAT
Supply voltage
VI, Input
voltage
range
VO,
Output
voltage
range
BAT
VCn–VC(n – 1) (1)
1
4.5
GPAI
0
2.5
GPIO
0
VREG50
CBn (1)
TS1+, TS1–, TS2+, TS2–
VC(n – 1)
VCn
0
VREG50/2
Non-top IC in stack
DRDY_N, SDO_N, FAULT_N, ALERT_N
BAT + 1
Top IC in stack
DRDY_N, SDO_N, FAULT_N, ALERT_N
BAT
Non-bottom IC in stack
CONV_S, SDI_S, SCLK_S, CS_S
–1
Bottom IC in stack
CONV_S, SDI_S, SCLK_S, CS_S
VSS
Non-bottom IC in stack
CONV_N, SDI_N, SCLK_N, CS_N
1
Bottom IC in stack
CONV_N, SDI_N, SCLK_N, CS_N
VSS
Non-top IC in stack
DRDY_S, SDO_S, FAULT_S, ALERT_S
DRDY_S, SDO_S, FAULT_S, ALERT_S
External capacitor
REG50 pin
2.2
CVREF
External capacitor
VREF pin
9.2
CLDO
External capacitor
LDOx pin
TOPR
Operating temperature (2)
UNIT
V
V
V
BAT – 1
Top IC in stack
6
MAX
27
CREG50
(1)
(2)
NOM
7.2
BAT
µF
10
15
µF
2.2
3.3
µF
–40
85
°C
n = 1 to 6
Device specifications stated within this range.
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ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
SUPPLY CURRENT
Typical values stated where TA = 25°C and VBAT = 20 V, Min/Max values stated where TA = –40°C to 85°C and VBAT = 7.2 V
to 27 V (unless otherwise noted)
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITION
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNIT
12
20
µA
ICCSLEEP
Supply current
No load at REG50, SCLK_N, SDI_N, SDO_N, FAULT_N,
CONV_N, DRDY_S, ALERT_N, TSx, AUX, or CBx;
CB_CTRL = 0; CBT_CONTROL = 0;
CONV_H = 0 (not converting), IO_CTRL[SLEEP] = 1
ICCPROTECT
Supply current
No load at REG50, SCLK_N, SDI_N, SDO_N, FAULT_N,
CONV_N, DRDY_S, ALERT_N, TSx, AUX, or CBx;
CB_CTRL = 0; CBT_CONTROL = 0;
CONV_H = 0 (not converting), IO_CTRL[SLEEP] = 0
45
60
µA
ICCBALANCE
Supply current
No load at REG50, SCLK_N, SDI_N, SDO_N, FAULT_N,
CONV_N, DRDY_S, ALERT_N, TSx, or AUX;
No DC load at CBx; CB_CTRL ≠ 0; CBT_CONTROL ≠ 0;
CONV_H = 0 (not converting) , IO_CTRL[SLEEP] = 0
46
60
µA
ICCCONVERT
Supply current
No load at REG50, SCLK_N, SDI_N, SDO_N, FAULT_N,
CONV_N, DRDY_S, ALERT_N, TSx or CBx; CONV_S = 1
(conversion active) , IO_CTRL[SLEEP] = 0
10.5
15
mA
ICCTSD
Supply current
Thermal shutdown activated; ALERT_STATUS[TSD] = 1
1.6
mA
REG50, INTEGRATED 5-V LDO
Typical values stated where TA = 25°C and VBAT = 20 V, Min/Max values stated where TA = –40°C to 85°C and VBAT = 7.2 V
to 27 V (unless otherwise noted)
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITION
VREG50
Output voltage
IREG50OUT ≤ 0.5 mA, C = 2.2 μF to 22 μF
ΔVREG50LINE
Line regulation
6 V ≤ BAT ≤ 27 V, IREG50OUT = 2 mA
ΔVREG50LOAD
Load regulation
IREG50MAX
Current limit
IAUXMAX
Maximum load
AUX pin
AUX output
I = 1 mA, max. capacitance = VREG50
Capacitor: CVAUX ≤ CVREG50 / 10
RAUX
MIN
TYP
MAX
4.9
5
5.1
V
10
25
mV
0.2 mA ≤ IREG50OUT ≤ 2 mA
15
0.2 mA ≤ IREG50OUT ≤ 5 mA
25
12
25
UNIT
mV
35
mA
5
mA
50
Ω
LEVEL SHIFT INTERFACE
Typical values stated where TA = 25°C and VBAT = 20 V, Min/Max values stated where TA = –40°C to 85°C and VBAT = 7.2 V
to 27 V (unless otherwise noted)
TEST CONDITION
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNIT
INTX1
North 1 transmitter current
PARAMETER
SCLK_N, CS_N, SDI_N, CONV_N
1000
1350
1800
µA
INTX0
North 0 transmitter current
CS_N, CONV_N
1
µA
INTX0A
North 0 transmitter current
SCLK_N, SDI_N (BASE device CS_H = 1)
INTX0B
North 0 transmitter current
SCLK_N, SDI_N (BASE device CS_H = 0)
ISRX
South 1 receiver threshold
SCLK_S, CS_S, SDI_S, CONV_S
ISRXH
South receiver hysteresis
SCLK_S, CS_S, SDI_S, CONV_S
ISTX1
South 1 transmitter current
ALERT_N, FAULT_S, DRDY_S
ISTX0
South 0 transmitter current
ALERT_S, FAULT_S, DRDY_S
ISTX0B
South 0 transmitter current
SDO_S (BASE device CS_H = 0)
1
INRX
North 1 receiver threshold
SDO_N, ALERT_N, FAULT_N, DRDY_N
420
INRXH
North receiver hysteresis
SDO_N, ALERT_N, FAULT_N, DRDY_N
50
100
CIN
Input capacitance
1
µA
50
75
110
µA
430
550
680
µA
50
100
200
µA
800
1100
1400
µA
1
µA
4
7
µA
580
720
µA
200
µA
15
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HOST INTERFACE
Typical values stated where TA = 25°C and VBAT = 20 V, Min/Max values stated where TA = –40°C to 85°C and VBAT = 7.2 V
to 27 V (unless otherwise noted)
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITION
VOH
Logic-level output voltage, high; SDO_H, FAULT_H,
ALERT_H, DRDY
CL = 20 pF, IOH < 5 mA (1)
VOL
Logic-level output voltage, low; SDO_H, FAULT_H,
ALERT_H, DRDY
CL = 20 pF, IOL < 5 mA (1)
VIH
Logic-level input voltage, high; SCLK_H, SDI_H, CS_H,
CONV
VIL
Logic-level input voltage, low; SCLK_H, SDI_H, CS_H,
CONV
CIN
Input capacitance SCLK_H, SDI_H, CS_H, CONV
ILKG
Input leakage current SCLK_H, SDI_H, CS_H, CONV
(1)
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNIT
4.5
VLDOD
V
VSS
0.5
V
2
5.2
V
VSS
0.8
V
5
pF
1
µA
Total simultaneous current drawn from all pins is limited by LDOD current to ≤10 mA.
GENERAL PURPOSE INPUT/OUTPUT (GPIO)
Typical values stated where TA = 25°C and VBAT = 20 V, Min/Max values stated where TA = –40°C to 85°C and VBAT = 7.2 V
to 27 V (unless otherwise noted)
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITION
MIN
Vin ≤ VREG50
VIH
Logic-level input voltage, high
VIL
Logic-level input voltage, low
VOH
Output high-voltage pullup voltage
Supplied by external ~100-kΩ resistor
VOL
Logic-level output voltage, low
IOL = 1 mA
CIN
Input capacitance(1)
ILKG
Input leakage current
TYP
MAX
2
UNIT
V
0.8
V
VREG50
V
0.3
V
5
pF
1
µA
CELL BALANCING CONTROL OUTPUT (CBx)
Typical values stated where TA = 25°C and VBAT = 20 V, Min/Max values stated where TA = –40°C to 85°C and VBAT = 7.2 V
to 27 V (unless otherwise noted)
PARAMETER
CBz
Output impedance
VRANGE
Output V
TEST CONDITIONS
1 V < VCELL < 5 V
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNIT
80
100
120
kΩ
VCn
V
VCn-1
ANALOG-TO-DIGITAL CONVERTER
ADC Common Specifications
Typical values stated where TA = 25°C and VBAT = 20 V, Min/Max values stated where TA = –40°C to 85°C and VBAT = 7.2 V
to 27 V (unless otherwise noted)
PARAMETER
tCONV_START
CONV high to conversion start (1)
TEST CONDITION
(2)
ADC_CONTROL[ADC_ON] = 1
tCONV
Conversion time per selected channel (3) (4)
ILKG
Input leakage current
Not converting
8
TYP
MAX
5.4
6
6.6
ADC_CONTROL[ADC_ON] = 0
ADC_CONTROL[ADC_ON] = 1
FUNCTION_CONFG[ADCTx]=00
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
MIN
500
5.4
UNIT
µs
µs
6
6.6
µs
<10
100
nA
If ADC_CONTROL[ADC_ON] = 0, add 500 µs to conversion time to allow ADC subsystem to stabilize. This is self-timed by the part.
Additional 50 ms (POR) is required before first conversion after a) initial cell connection; or b) VBAT falls below VPOR.
ADC specifications valid when device is programmed for 6-µs conversion time per channel, FUNC_CONFIG[ADCT1:0] = 01b.
Plus tCONV_START, i.e., if device is programmed for six channel conversions, total time is approximately 6 × 6 + 6 = 42 µs.
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VCn (Cell) Inputs
Typical values stated where TA = 25°C and VBAT = 20 V, Min/Max values stated where TA = –40˚C to 85°C and VBAT = 7.2 V
to 27 V (unless otherwise noted), FUNCTION_CONFIG[]=01xxxx00b for all test conditions (6-µs conversion time selected).
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
Input voltage range (1)
VIN
(2)
MIN
VCn – VCn–1, where n = 1 to 6
TYP
Voltage resolution
–10°C ≤ TA ≤ 50°C, 1.2 V < VIN < 4.5 V
–5
VACC
Voltage accuracy, total
error,
VIN = VCn to VCn–1
–40°C ≤ TA ≤ 85°C, 1.2 V < VIN < 4.5 V
–8
RIN
Effective input resistance
Converting
2
CIN
Input capacitance
Converting
1
EN
NoiseSLUSA086559
(1)
(2)
(3)
UNIT
6
VRES
(3)
MAX
0
14 bits
~378
µV
±1
5
8
VIN = 3 V
V
mV
MΩ
pF
<250 µVRMS
0 V may not lie within the range of measured values due to offset voltage limit and device calibration.
See text for specific conversion formula.
ADC is factory trimmed at the conversion speed of ~6 µs/channel (FUNC_CONFIG[ADCT1:0] = 01b). Use of a different conversionspeed setting may affect measurement accuracy.
VBAT (VBRICK) Measurement
Typical values stated where TA = 25°C and VBAT = 20 V, Min/Max values stated where TA = –40˚C to 85°C and VBAT = 7.2 V
to 27 V (unless otherwise noted), FUNCTION_CONFIG[] = 01xxxx00b for all test conditions
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITION
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNIT
VIN
Input voltage range (1),
BATn to VSS
FUNCTION_CONFIG[] = 0101xx00b
VRES
Voltage resolution (2)
14 bits
VACC
Voltage accuracy
Total error
CIN
Input capacitance
Converting
1
pF
RIN
Effective input resistance
Converting
50
kΩ
EN
Noise
(1)
(2)
0
30
~1.831
–80
–30
V
mV
20
mV
<1.5 mVRMS
0 V may not lie within the range of measured values due to offset voltage limit and device calibration.
See text for specific conversion formula.
GPAI Measurement
Typical values stated where TA = 25°C and VBAT = 20 V, Min/Max values stated where TA = –40˚C to 85°C and VBAT = 7.2 V
to 27 V (unless otherwise noted), FUNCTION_CONFIG[] = 0101xx00b for all test conditions
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITION
MIN
TYP
VIN
Input voltage range, (1)
GPAI+ to GPAI–
VRES
Voltage resolution (2)
14 bits
VACC
Voltage accuracy, VIN =
GPAI+ – GPAI–
0.25 V ≤ VIN ≤ 2.5 V
VIN = 1.25 V, TA = 25°C
±2
CIN
Input capacitance
Converting
40
RIN
Effective input resistance
Converting
50
EN
Noise
(1)
(2)
0
MAX
2.5
~153
UNIT
V
µV
–7
7
mV
pF
KΩ
<150
µVRMS
0 V may not lie within the range of measured values due to offset voltage limit and device calibration.
See text for specific conversion formula.
TSn Measurement
Typical values stated where TA = 25°C and VBAT = 20V, Min/Max values stated where TA = –40˚C to 85°C and VBAT = 7.2V to
27V (unless otherwise noted), FUNCTION_CONFIG[]=01xxxx00b for all Test Conditions
PARAMETER
VIN
(1)
TEST CONDITION
MIN
Input voltage range, (1) TSn+ TSn–
0
TYP
MAX
2.5
UNIT
V
0 V may not lie within the range of measured values due to offset voltage limit and device calibration.
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TSn Measurement (continued)
Typical values stated where TA = 25°C and VBAT = 20V, Min/Max values stated where TA = –40˚C to 85°C and VBAT = 7.2V to
27V (unless otherwise noted), FUNCTION_CONFIG[]=01xxxx00b for all Test Conditions
PARAMETER
VRES
TEST CONDITION
MIN
14 bits, REG50 = 5 V,
(Resolution ≈ VREG50/215)
Voltage resolution, (2)
(2)
0.25 V ≤ VIN ≤ 2.4 V
TYP
~153
VACC
Ratio accuracy, % of input
CIN
Input capacitance
Converting
40
RIN
Effective input resistance
Converting
50
EN
Noise
(2)
MAX
–0.7%
±0.2%
UNIT
µV
0.7%
pF
kΩ
<150
µVRMS
See text for specific conversion formula.
THERMAL SHUTDOWN
PARAMETER
TSD
Shutdown threshold
THYS
Recovery hysteresis
10
TEST CONDITIONS
VBAT = 20 V
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MIN
TYP
MAX
UNIT
125
142
156
°C
8
25
°C
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UNDERVOLTAGE LOCKOUT (UVLO) and POWER-ON RESET (POR)
Typical values stated where TA = 25°C and VBAT = 20 V, Min/Max values stated where TA = –40˚C to 85°C and VBAT = 7.2 V
to 27 V (unless otherwise noted)
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITION
MIN
VUVLO
Negative-going threshold
VUVLO_HSY
Hysteresis
UVLODELAY
Delay to locked-out condition
VPOR
Negative-going threshold
VPOR_HSY
Hysteresis
PORDELAY
Delay to disabled condition
V ≤ VPOR MIN
tRST
Reset delay time
V ≥ VPOR + VPOR_HSY
40
VDELTA_RISE
Voltage delta between trip points
VUVLO – VPOR (VBAT rising)
VDELTA_FALL
Voltage delta between trip points
VUVLO – VPOR (VBAT falling)
NOM
5
250
375
V ≤ VUVLO MIN
MAX
V
500
mV
μs
15
4
5
250
500
UNIT
5.6
V
750
mV
56
70
ms
0.3
0.4
0.7
V
0.4
0.52
0.7
V
15
µs
BATTERY PROTECTION THRESHOLDS
Typical values stated where TA = 25°C and VBAT = 20 V, Min/Max values stated where TA = –40˚C to 85°C and VBAT = 7.2 V
to 27 V (unless otherwise noted)
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITION
MIN
NOM
MAX
UNIT
VOVR
OV detection threshold range (1)
ΔVOVS
OV detection threshold program step
50
VOVH
OV detection hysteresis
50
VOVA1
OV detection threshold accuracy
3.3 ≤ VOV_SET ≤ 4.5
–50
0
VOVA2
OV detection threshold accuracy
VOV_SET < 3.3 or VOV_SET > 4.5
–70
0
VUVR
UV detection threshold range (1)
ΔVUVS
UV detection threshold program step
100
mV
VUVH
UV detection hysteresis
100
mV
VUVA
UV detection threshold accuracy
VOTR
OT detection threshold range (2)
ΔVOTS
OT detection threshold program step (2)
VOTA
OT detection threshold accuracy
ΔVOTH
OT reset hysteresis
(1)
(2)
(3)
2
5
700
–100
VREG50 = 5 V
(2)
0
1
T = 40°C to 90°C
T = 40°C to 90°C
8%
mV
mV
50
mV
70
mV
3300
mV
100
2
See
V
(3)
mV
V
V
0.04
0.05
12%
15%
V
COV and CUV thresholds must be set such that COV – CUV ≥ 300 mV
Using recommended components. Consult Table 1 in text for voltage levels used.
See Table 1 for trip points.
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BATTERY PROTECTION DELAY TIMES
Typical values stated where TA = 25°C and VBAT = 20 V, Min/Max values stated where TA = –40˚C to 85°C and VBAT = 7.2 V
to 27 V (unless otherwise noted)
PARAMETER
tOV
OV detection delay-time range
ΔtOV
OV detection delay-time step
tUV
UV detection delay-time range
TEST CONDITION
MIN
MAX
UNIT
3200
ms
COVT [µs/ms] = 0
100
µs
COVT [µs/ms] = 1
100
ms
0
CUVT[7] (µs/ms) = 0
3200
100
ΔtUV
UV detection delay-time step
tOT
OT detection delay-time range
ΔtOT
OT detection delay-ime step
tacr
OV, UV, and OT detection delay-time
accuracy (1)
CUVT, (COVT) ≥ 500 µs
t(DETECT)
Protection comparator detection time
VOT or VOV or VUV threshold exceeded by
10 mV
(1)
NOM
0
CUVT[7] (µs/ms) = 1
µs
100
ms
0
2550
10
–12%
ms
ms
ms
0%
10%
100
µs
Under double or multiple fault conditions (of a single type), the second or greater fault may have its delay time shortened by up to the
step time for the fault. I.e., the second and subsequent COV faults occurring within the delay time period for the first fault may have their
delay time shortened by up to 100 µs.
OTP EPROM PROGRAMMING CHARACTERISTICS
Typical values stated where TA = 25°C and VBAT = 20 V, Min/Max values stated where TA = –40˚C to 85°C and VBAT = 7.2 V
to 27 V (unless otherwise noted)
PARAMETER
VPROG
Programming voltage
tPROG
Programming time
IPROG
Programming current
12
TEST CONDITION
MIN
NOM
MAX
6.75
7
7.25
VBAT ≥ 20 V
10
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UNIT
V
50
ms
20
mA
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AC TIMING CHARACTERISTICS
SPI DATA INTERFACE
Typical values stated where TA = 25°C and VBAT = 20 V, Min/Max values stated where TA = –40˚C to 85°C and VBAT = 7.2 V
to 27 V (unless otherwise noted)
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITION
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNIT
10
250
1000
kHz
fSCLK
SCLK frequency (1)
SCLKDC
SCLK_H duty cycle, t(HIGH) / t(SCLK) or t(LOW) / t(SCLK)
tCS,LEAD
CS_H lead time, CS_H low to clock
50 SCLK/2
tCS,LAG
CS_H lag time. Last clock to CS_H high
10 SCLK/2
tCS,DLY
CS_H high to CS_H low (inter-packet delay requirement)
tACC
CS_H access time (2): CS_H low to SDO_H data out
125
250
ns
tDIS
CS_H disable time (2): CS_H high to SDO_H high
impedance
2.5
2.7
µs
tSU,SDI
SDI_H input-data setup time
15
ns
tHD,SDI
SDI_H input-data hold time
10
ns
tVALID,SDO
SDO_H output-data valid time
SCLK_H edge to SDO_H valid
(1)
(2)
40%
60%
ns
ns
3
CL ≤ 20 pF
µs
75
110
ns
Maximum SCLK frequency is limited by the number of bq76PL536A devices in the vertical stack. The maximum listed here may not be
realizable in systems due to delays and limits imposed by other components including wiring, connectors, PCB material and routing, etc.
See text for details.
Time listed is for single device.
t CS, LEAD
t CS,LAG
CS
t(SCLK )
t CS _ DLY
SCLK
t(HIGH)
t(LOW)
tSU,SDI
tHD,SDI
SDI
tACC
tVALID, SDO
tDIS
SDO
Figure 3. SPI Host Interface Timing
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Vertical Communications Bus
Typical values stated where TA = 25ºC and VBAT = 20 V (unless otherwise noted)
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP (1)
MAX
UNIT
tHV_SCLK
Propagation delay, SCLK_H to
SCLK_N
HOST = 0
40
ns
tVB_SCLK
Propagation delay, SCLK_S to
SCLK_N
HOST = 1
30
ns
tHV_CS
Propagation delay, CS_H to CS_N
HOST = 0
40
ns
tVB_CS
Propagation delay, CS_S to CS_N
HOST = 1
30
ns
tHV_SDI
Propagation delay, SDI_H to SDI_N
HOST = 0
40
ns
tVB_SDI
Propagation delay, SDI_S to SDI_N
HOST = 1
30
ns
tHV_CONV
Propagation delay, CONV_H to
CONV_N
HOST = 0
100
ns
tVB_CONV
Propagation delay, CONV_S to
CONV_N
HOST = 1
30
ns
tHV_SDO
Propagation delay, SDO_N to
SDO_H
HOST = 0
10
ns
tVB_SDO
Propagation delay, SDO_N to
SDO_S
HOST = 1
40
ns
tHV_DRDY
Propagation delay, DRDY_N to
DRDY_H
HOST = 0
60
ns
tVB_DRDY
Propagation delay, DRDY_N to
DRDY_S
HOST = 1
40
ns
tHV_FAULT
Propagation delay, FAULT_N to
FAULT_H
HOST = 0
55
ns
tVB_FAULT
Propagation delay, FAULT_N to
FAULT_S
HOST = 1
30
ns
tHV_ALERT
Propagation delay, ALERT_N to
ALERT_H
HOST = 0
65
ns
tVB_ALERT
Propagation delay, ALERT_N to
ALERT_S
HOST = 1
30
ns
(1)
Typical values are quoted in place of MIN/MAX for design guidance only. Actual propagation delay depends heavily on wiring and
capacitance in the signal path. These parameters are not tested in production due to these dependencies on system design
considerations.
ANALOG-TO-DIGITAL CONVERSION (ADC)
General Features
The integrated 14-bit (unsigned) high-speed successive approximation register (SAR) analog-to-digital converter
uses an integrated band-gap reference voltage (VREF) for the cell and brick measurements. The ADC has a frontend multiplexer for nine inputs – six cells, two temperature sensors, and one general-purpose analog input
(GPAI). The GPAI input can further be multiplexed to measure the brick voltage between the BATx pin and VC0
or the voltage between the GPAI+ and GPAI– pins.
The ADC and reference are factory trimmed to compensate for gain, offset, and temperature-induced errors for
all inputs. The measurement result is not allowed to roll over due to offset error at the top and bottom of the
range, i.e., a reading near zero does not underflow to 0x03ff due to offset error, and vice-versa.
The converter returns 14 valid unsigned magnitude bits in the following format:
<00xxxxxx xxxxxxxx>
Each word is returned in big-endian format in a register pair consisting of two adjacent 8-bit registers. The MSB
of the word is located in the lower-address register of the pair, i.e., data for cell 1 is returned in registers 0x03
and 0x04 as 00xxxxxx xxxxxxxxb.
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3 to 6 Series Cell Configuration
When fewer than 6 cells are used, the most-positive cell voltage of the series string should be connected to the
BAT1/BAT2 pins, through the RC input network shown in the Reference Schematic section. Unused VCx inputs
should be connected to the next VCx input down until an input connected to a cell is reached – i.e., in a four cell
stack, VC6 connects to VC5, which connects to VC4.
The internal multiplexer control can be set to scan only the inputs which are connected to cells, thereby speeding
up conversions slightly. The multiplexer is controlled by the ADC_CONTROL[CN2:0] bits.
63
BAT
0.1 mF
1 kW
1 kW
1 kW
0.1 mF
1 kW
0.1 mF
1 kW
0.1 mF
16
VREF
AGND
15
VSS
14
VC0
13
CB1
12
VC1
11
CB2
10
VC2
9
CB3
8
VC3
7
CB4
6
VC4
5
CB5
4
VC5
3
CB6
2
1
0.1 mF
VC6
64
BAT
10 mF
1 kW
Figure 4. Connecting < 6 Cells (4 Shown)
Cell Voltage Measurements
Converting the returned cell measurement value to a dc voltage (in mV) is done using the following formula (all
values are in decimal).
mV = (REGMSB × 256 + REGLSB) × 6250 / 16383
Example:
Cell_1 == 3.35 V (3350 mV);
After conversion, REG_03 == 0x22; REG_04 == 0x4d
0x22 × 0x100 + 0x4d = 0x224d (8781.)
8781 × 6250 / 16,383 = 3349.89 mV ≈ 3.35 V
GPAI or VBAT Measurements
The bq76PL536A features a differential input to the ADC from two external pins, GPAI+ and GPAI–. The ADC
GPAI result register can be configured (via the FUNCTION_CONFIG[GPAI_SRC] to provide a measurement of
the voltage on these two pins, or of the brick voltage present between the BATx pins and VC0.
In the bq76PL536A device, the VBAT measurement is taken from the BATx pin to the VC0 pin, and is a separate
input to the ADC mux. Because this is a separate input to the ADC, certain common system faults, such as a
broken cell wire, can be easily detected using the bq76PL536A and simple firmware techniques.
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The GPAI measurement can be configured to use one of two references via FUNCTION_CONFIG[GPAI_REF].
Either the internal bandgap (VREF) or REG50 can be selected. When REG50 is selected, the ADC returns a ratio
of the voltage at the inputs and REG50, removing the need for compensation of the REG50 voltage accuracy or
drift when used as a source to excite the sensor. When the device is configured to measure VBAT
(FUNCTION_CONFIG[GPAI_SRC] = 1), the device selects VREF automatically and ignores the
FUNCTION_CONFIG[GPAI_REF] setting.
Converting GPAI Result to Voltage
To convert the returned GPAI measurement value to a voltage using the internal band-gap reference
(FUNCTION_CONFIG[GPAI_REF] = 1), the following formula is used.
mV = (REGMSB × 256 + REGLSB) × 2500 / 16,383
FUNCTION_CONFIG[] = 0100 xxxxb
Example:
The voltage connected to the GPAI inputs == 1.25 V;
After conversion, REG_01 == 0x20; REG_02 == 0x00
0x20 × 0x100 + 0x00 = 0x2000 (8192.)
8192 × 2500 / 16,383 = 1250 mV
Converting VBAT Result to Voltage
To convert the returned VBAT measurement value to a voltage, the following formula is used.
V = (REGMSB × 256 + REGLSB) × 33.333 / 214 (33.333 ≈ 6.25 / 0.1875)
FUNCTION_CONFIG[] = 0101 xxxxb
Example:
The sum of the series cells connected to VC6–VC0 == 20.295 V;
After conversion, REG_01 == 0x26; REG_02 == 0xf7
0x26 × 0x100 + 0xf7 = 0x26f7 (9975.)
9975 × 33.333 / 16,383 = 20.295 V
Temperature Measurement
The bq76PL536A can measure the voltage TS1+, TS1– and TS2+, TS2– differential inputs using the ADC.
These inputs are typically driven by an external thermistor/resistor divider network. The TSn inputs use the
REG50 output divided down and internally connected as the ADC reference during conversions. This produces a
ratiometric result and eliminates the need for compensation or correction of the REG50 voltage drift when used
to drive the temperature sensors. The REG50 reference allows an approximate 2.5-V full-scale input at the TSn
inputs. The final reading is limited between 0 and 16,383, corresponding to an external ratio of 0 to 0.5.
Two control bits are required for the ADC to convert the TSn input voltages successfully. ADC_CONTROL[TSn]
is set to cause the ADC to convert the TSn channel on the next requested conversion cycle. IO_CONTROL[TSn]
is set to cause the FET switch connecting the TSn– input to VSS to close, completing the circuit of the voltage
divider. The IO_CONTROL[] bits should only be set as needed to conserve power; at high temperatures,
thermistor excitation current may be relatively high.
External Temperature Sensor Support (TS1+, TS1– and TS2+, TS2–)
The device is intended for use with a nominal 10 kΩ at 25ºC NTC external thermistor (AT103 equivalent) such as
the Panasonic ERT-J1VG103FA, a 1% device. A suitable external resistor-capacitor network should be
connected to position the response of the thermistor within the range of interest. This is typically RT= 1.47 kΩ
and RB = 1.82 kΩ (1%) as shown in Figure 5. A parallel bypass capacitor in the range 1 nF to 47 nF placed
across the thermistor should be added to reduce noise coupled into the measurement system. The response
time delay created by this network should be considered when enabling the respective TS input prior to
conversion and setting the OT delay timer. See Figure 5 for details.
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REG50
RTH
47 nF
RT
RB = 0.4 ([email protected][email protected])
TS+
RT = [email protected] 40C – 2RTH @90C – RB
RB
TS–
Figure 5. Thermistor Connection
Converting TSn Result to Voltage (Ratio)
To convert the returned TSn measurement value to a ratio, RTS = VTS:REG50, the following formulas are used.
Example:
The voltage connected to the TS1 inputs (TS1+ – TS1–) == 0.661 V; VREG50 ≈ 5 V nominal
After conversion, REGMSB == 0x11; REGLSB == 0x16
ACTUAL_COUNT = 0x11 × 0x100 + 0x16 = 0x1116 (4374
.)
(4374 + 2) / 33,046 = 0.1324 (ratio of TSn inputs to REG50)
0.1324 × REG50 = 0.662 V
ADC Band-Gap Voltage Reference
The ADC and protection subsystems use separate and independent internal voltage references. The ADC band
gap (VREF) is nominally 2.5 V. The reference is temperature-compensated and stable.
The internal reference is brought out to the VREF pin for bypassing. A high quality 10-μF capacitor should be
connected between the VREF and AGND pins, in very close physical proximity to the device pins, using short
track lengths to minimize the effects of track inductance on signal quality. The AGND pin should be connected to
VSS. Device VSS connections should be brought to a single point close to the IC to minimize layout-induced
errors. The device tab should also be connected to this point, and is a convenient common VSS location. The
internal VREF should not be used externally to the device by user circuits.
Conversion Control
Convert Start
Two methods are available to start a conversion cycle. The CONV_H pin may be asserted, or firmware may set
the CONVERT_CTRL[CONV] bit.
Hardware Start
A single interface pin (CONV_H) is used for conversion-start control by the host. A conversion cycle is started by
a hardware signal when CONV_H is transitioned low-to-high by the host. The host should hold this state until the
conversion cycle is complete to avoid erroneous edges causing a conversion start when the present conversion
is not complete. The signal is simultaneously sent to the higher device in the stack by the assertion of the
CONV_N signal. The bq76PL536A automatically sequences through the series of measurements enabled via the
ADC_CONTROL[] register after a convert-start signal is received from either the register bit or the hardware pin.
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If the CONV_H pin is used in the design, it must be maintained in a default low state (~0 V) to allow use of the
ADC_CONVERT[CONV] bit to trigger ADC conversions. If the CONV pin is kept high, the
ADC_CONVERT[CONV] bit does not function, and device current consumption is increased by the signaling
current, ~900 µA. If the CONV_H pin is not used by the user’s design, the pin may be left floating; the internal
current sink to VSS maintains proper bias.
Firmware Start
The CONVERT_CTRL[CONV] bit is also used to initiate a conversion by writing a 1 to the bit. It is automatically
reset at the end of a conversion cycle. The bit may only be written to 1; the IC always resets it to 0. The
BROADCAST form of packet is recommended to start all device conversions simultaneously.
Designer Note: The external CONV_H (CONV_S) pin must be held in the de-asserted (=0) state to allow the
CONV register bit to initiate conversions. An internal pulldown is provided on the pin to maintain this state.
Data Ready
The bq76PL536A signals that data is ready when the last conversion data has been stored to the associated
data result register by asserting the DRDY_S pin (DRDY_H if HOST = 0) if the DRDY_N pin is also asserted.
DRDY_S (DRDY_H) signals are cleared on the next conversion start.
I-to-V Conversion
V-to-I Conversion
DRDY_N
DRDY_S
CONVERT_END
S
SET
Q
R
CLR
Q
DRDY_H
CONVERT_START
DEVICE_STATUS[DRDY]
Figure 6. Data-Ready Logic
ADC Channel Selection
The ADC_CONTROL register can be configured as follows:
MEASUREMENT
18
ADC_CONTROL
VCELL1
CELL_SEL = 0x00
VCELL1, VCELL2
CELL_SEL = 0x01
VCELL1, VCELL2, VCELL3
CELL_SEL = 0x02
VCELL1, VCELL2, VCELL3, VCELL4
CELL_SEL = 0x03
VCELL1, VCELL2, VCELL3, VCELL4, VCELL5
CELL_SEL = 0x04
VCELL1, VCELL2, VCELL3, VCELL4, VCELL5, VCELL6
CELL_SEL = 0x05
External thermistor input 1
TS1 = 1
External thermistor input 2
TS2 = 1
General-purpose analog input
GPAI = 1
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Conversion Time Control
The ADC conversion time is fixed at approximately 6 µs per converted channel, plus 6 µs overhead at the start of
the conversion. Total conversion time (µs) is approximately 6 × num_channels + 6.
Automatic vs Manual Control
The ADC_CONTROL[ADC_ON] bit controls powering up the ADC section and the main bandgap reference. If
the bit is set to 1, the internal circuits are powered on, and current consumption by the part increases.
Conversions begin immediately on command. The host CPU should wait >500 µs before initiating the first
conversion after setting this bit.
If the ADC_ON bit is false, an additional 500 µs is required to stabilize the reference before conversions begin.
If the sampling interval (time between conversions) used is less than ~10 ms, manual mode should be selected
to avoid shifting the voltage reference, leading to inaccuracy in the measurements.
ADC Application Notes
Anti-Aliasing Filter
An anti-aliasing filter is required for each VCn input VC6–VC2, consisting of a 1-kΩ, 1% series resistor and 100nF capacitor. The same filter is used, but with a 1-µF capacitor for the VC1 and VC0 sections. Good-quality
components should be used. A 1% resistor is recommended, because the resistor creates a small error by
forming a voltage divider with the input impedance of the part. The part is factory-trimmed to compensate for the
error introduced by the filter.
Secondary Protection
The bq76PL536A integrates dedicated overvoltage and undervoltage fault detection for each cell and two
overtemperature fault detection inputs for each device. The protection circuits use a separate band-gap reference
from the ADC system and operate independently. The protector also uses separate I/O pins from the main
communications bus, and therefore is capable of signaling faults in hardware without intervention from the host
CPU.
Protector Functionality
When a fault state is detected, the respective fault flag in the FAULT_STATUS[] or ALERT_STATUS[] registers
is set. All flags in the FAULT and ALERT registers are then ORed into the DEVICE_STATUS[] FAULT and
ALERT bits. The FAULT and ALERT bits in DEVICE_STATUS[] in turn cause the hardware FAULT_S or
ALERT_S pin to be set. The bits in DEVICE_STATUS[] and the hardware pins are latched until reset by the host
via SPI command, ensuring that the host CPU does not miss an event.
A separate timer is provided for each fault source (cell overvoltage, cell undervoltage, overtemperature) to
prevent false alarms. Each timer is programmable from 100 µs to more than 3 s. The timers may also be
disabled, which causes fault conditions to be sensed immediately and not latched.
The clearing of the FAULT or ALERT flag (and pin) occurs when the respective flag is written to a 1, which also
restarts the respective fault timer. This also clears the FAULT_S (_H) or ALERT_S (_H) pin. If the actual fault
remains present, the FAULT (ALERT) pin is again asserted at the expiration of the timer. This cycle repeats until
the cause of the fault is removed.
On exit from the SLEEP state, the COV, CUV, and OT fault comparators are disabled for approximately 200 µs
to allow internal circuitry to stabilize and prevent false error condition detection.
Using the Protector Functions With 3-5 Cells
The OV/UV condition can be ignored for unused channels by setting the FUNCTION_CONFIG[CNx] bits to the
maximum number of cells connected to the device. If fewer than 6 cells are configured, the corresponding OV/UV
faults are ignored. For example, if the FUNCTION_CONFIG[] bits are set to xxxx 1000, then the OV/UV
comparators are disabled for cells 5 and 6. Correct setting of this register prevents spurious false alarms.
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Cell Overvoltage Fault Detection (COV)
When the voltage across a cell exceeds the programmed COV threshold for a period of time greater than set in
the COV timer (COVT), the COV_FAULT[] flag for that cell is set. The bits in COV_FAULT[] are then ORed into
the FAULT[COV] flag, which is then ORed into the DEVICE_STATUS[FAULT] flag, which causes the FAULT_S
(_H) pin also to be asserted. The COV flag is latched unless COVT is programmed to 0, in which case the flag
follows the fault condition. Care should be taken when using this setting to avoid chatter of the fault status. To
reset the FAULT flag, first remove the source of the fault (i.e., the overvoltage condition) and then write a 1 to
FAULT[COV], followed by a 0 to FAULT[COV].
The voltage trip point is set in the CONFIG_COV register. Set points are spaced every 50 mV. Hysteresis is
provided to avoid chatter of the fault sensing. The filter delay time is set in the CONFIG_COVT[] register to
prevent false alarms. A start-up deglitch circuit is applied to the timers to prevent false triggering. The deglitch
time is 0–50 µs, and introduces a small error in the timing for short times. For both COVT and CUVT, this can
cause an error greater than the 10% maximum specified for delays <500 µs.
COV_FAULT
–
LEVEL
SHIFTER
VC6
–
VC6
VC5
VC4
VC3
VC2
VC1
+
COVT Filter
VSS
–
+
PROTECTOR
REFERENCE
CONFIG_COV[]
–
Latch
COV COMPARATOR
(one per cell)
TRIP
SETPOINT
STATUS
AR
FAULT
ECC_
COR
–
ALERT
UVLO
CBT
DRDY
FAULT_N
FAULT_S
FAULT_H
ANALOG TRANSLATION
FAULT
–
–
I_
FAULT
FORCE
POR
CRC
CUV
COV
IO_CONFIG[7]
Figure 7. COV FAULT Simplified Logic Tree
20
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Cell Undervoltage Fault Detection (CUV)
Cell undervoltage detection operates in a similar manner to the COV protection. When the voltage across a cell
falls below the programmed CUV threshold (CONFIG_CUV[]) for a period of time greater than CUVT
(CONFIG_CUVT[]), the CUV_FAULT[] flag for that cell is set. The bits in CUV_FAULT[] are then ORed into the
FAULT[CUV] flag, which is then ORed into the DEVICE_STATUS[FAULT] flag, which causes the FAULT_S (_H)
pin also to be asserted. The CUV flag is latched unless CUVT is programmed to 0, in which case the flag follows
the fault condition. Care should be taken when using this setting to avoid chatter of the fault status. To reset the
FAULT flag, first remove the source of the fault (i.e., the overvoltage condition) and then write a 1 to
FAULT[CUV], followed by a 0 to FAULT[CUV].
Overtemperature Detection
When the temperature input TS1 or TS2 exceeds the programmed OT1 or OT2 threshold (CONFIG_OT[]) for a
period of time greater than OTT (CONFIG_OTT[]) the ALERT_STATUS[OT1, OT2] flag is set. The ALERT[] flags
are then ORed into the DEVICE_STATUS[ALERT] flag, and the ALERT_S (_H) pin is also asserted. The OT flag
is latched unless OTT is programmed to 0, in which case the flag follows the fault condition. Care should be
taken when using this setting to avoid chatter of the fault status. To reset the FAULT flag, first remove the source
of the alert (i.e., the overtemperature condition) and then write a 1 to ALERT[OTn], followed by a 0 to
FAULT[OTn].
To COV-CUV Circuits
PROTECTOR
REFERENCE
ALERT[OTn]
REG50
REG50
5V LDO
(User)
+
RTH
VBAT
–
CF
RT
TS+
+
Delay Filter
RB
To ADC Mux
–
CONFIG_OTT[]
TS–
COMPARATOR
CONFIG_OT[]?0
11
1
CONFIG_OT[] Selector
IO_CTRL[TSn
]
PIN BOUNDARY
VSS
Figure 8. Simplified Overtemperature Detection Schematic
As shown in the drawing above, the OT thresholds are detectable in 11 steps representing approximately 5°C
divisions when a thermistor and gain/offset setting resistors are chosen using the formula in the External
Temperature Sensor Support (TS1+, TS1– and TS2+, TS2–) section. A DISABLED setting is also available. This
results in an adjustment range from approximately 40°C to 90°C, but the range center can be moved by
modifying the RT value. The steps are spaced in a non-linear fashion to correspond to typical thermistor
response curves. Typical accuracy of a few degrees C or better can be achieved (with no additional calibration
requirements) by careful selection of the thermistor and resistors.
Each input sensor can be adjusted independently via separate registers CONFIG_OT1[] and CONFIG_OT2[].
The two temperature setpoints share a common filter delay set in the CONFIG_OTT[] register. A setting of 0 in
the CONFIG_OTT[] register causes the fault sensing to be both instantaneous and not latched. All other settings
provide a latched ALERT state.
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Ratiometric Sensing
The OT protector circuits use ratiometric inputs to sense fault conditions. The REG50 output is applied internally
to the divider which forms the reference voltages used by the comparator circuit. It is also used externally as the
excitation source for the temperature sensor. This allows the REG50 output to vary over time or temperature
(within data-sheet limits) and have virtually no effect on the correct operation of the circuit. Any change seen by
the sensor is also seen by the divider, and therefore, changes proportionally. Although it is valid to represent the
trip setpoints as voltages if you assume that REG50 is at exactly 5 V, in practice, this is not the case. In the chart
included in the next section, the correct ratios [RB/(RB + RT + RTH)] are shown, along with the equivalent voltage
points when REG50 is assumed to be 5 V.
Table 1. Overtemperature Trip Setpoints
OT THRESHOLDS
(1)
CONFIG_OT
TNOM °C
VTS RATIO SET
VTS RATIO CLEAR
VSET (1)
VCLEAR (1)
0
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
1
40
0.2000
0.1766
1.000
0.883
2
45
0.2244
0.2000
1.122
1.000
3
50
0.2488
0.2270
1.244
1.135
4
55
0.2712
0.2498
1.356
1.249
5
60
0.2956
0.2750
1.478
1.375
6
65
0.3156
0.2956
1.578
1.478
7
70
0.3356
0.3162
1.678
1.581
8
75
0.3556
0.3368
1.778
1.684
9
80
0.3712
0.3528
1.856
1.764
10
85
0.3866
0.3688
1.933
1.844
11
90
0.4000
0.3824
2.000
1.912
Assumes REG50 = 5.000 V
Thermistor Power
To minimize power consumption, the thermistors are not powered ON by default. Two bits are provided in
IO_CONTROL[] to control powering the thermistors, TS1 and TS2. The TSn– input is only connected to VSS
when the corresponding bit is set. The user firmware must set these bits to 1 to enable both temperature
measurement and the secondary protector functions. When the thermistor functions are not in use, the bits may
be programmed to 0 to remove current through the thermistor circuits.
Thermistor Input Conditioning
A filter capacitor is recommended to minimize noise in to the ADC and protector. The designer should insure that
the filter capacitor has sufficient time to charge before reading the thermistors. The CONFIG_OTT[] value should
also be set to >5t, the time delay introduced by the RC network comprising CF, RTH, RT, and RB, to avoid false
triggering of the PROTECTOR function and ALERT signal when the TS1 and/or TS2 bits are set to 1 and the
inputs enabled.
On exit from the SLEEP state, the OT fault comparators are disabled for approximately 200 µs to allow internal
circuitry to stabilize and prevent false error-condition detection.
Fault and Alert Behavior
When the FAULT_N pin is asserted by the next higher bq76PL536A in the stack, then the FAULT_S is also
asserted, thereby passing the signal down the array of stacked devices if they are present. FAULT_N should
always be connected to the FAULT_S of the next higher device in the stack. If no higher device exists, it should
be tied to VBAT of this bq76PL536A, either directly or via a pullup resistor ~10 kΩ to 1 MΩ. The FAULT_x pins are
active-high – current flows when asserted. The ALERT_x pins behave in a similar manner. If the FAULT_N pin of
the base device (HSEL = 0) becomes asserted, it asserts its FAULT_H signal to the host microcontroller. This
signal chain may be used to create an interrupt to the CPU, or drive other compatible logic or I/O directly.
22
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Table 2. Fault Detection Summary
SIGNALING
FAULT
DETECTION
PIN
HSEL = 1
HSEL = 0
DEVICE_STATUS
BIT SET
X_STATUS BIT SET
EPROM double bit
error
ECC logic fault detected
FAULT_S
FAULT_H
FAULT
FAULT_STATUS[I_FAULT]
FORCE
User set FORCE bit
FAULT_S
FAULT_H
FAULT
FAULT_STATUS[FORCE]
POR
Power-on reset occurred
FAULT_S
FAULT_H
FAULT
FAULT_STATUS[POR]
CRC (1)
CRC fail on received packet
FAULT_S
FAULT_H
FAULT
FAULT_STATUS[CRC]
CUV
VCx < VUV for tUV
FAULT_S
FAULT_H
FAULT
FAULT_STATUS[CUV]
COV
VCx > VOV for tOV
FAULT_S
FAULT_H
FAULT
FAULT_STATUS[COV]
AR
Address ≠ (0x01→ 0x3e)
ALERT_S
ALERT_H
ALERT
ALERT_STATUS[AR]
Protected-register
parity error
Parity not even in protected
register
ALERT_S
ALERT_H
ALERT
ALERT_STATUS[PARITY]
EPROM single-bit
error
ECC logic fault detected and
corrected
ALERT_S
ALERT_H
ALERT
ALERT_STATUS[ECC_COR]
FORCE
User set FORCE bit
ALERT_S
ALERT_H
ALERT
ALERT_STATUS[FORCE]
Thermal shutdown
Die temperature ≥
TSDTHRESHOLD
ALERT_S
ALERT_H
ALERT
ALERT_STATUS[TSD]
SLEEP
IC exited SLEEP mode
ALERT_S
ALERT_H
ALERT
ALERT_STATUS[SLEEP]
OT2
VTS2 > VOT for tOT
ALERT_S
ALERT_H
ALERT
ALERT_STATUS[OT2]
OT1
VTS1 > VOT for tOT
ALERT_S
ALERT_H
ALERT
ALERT_STATUS[OT1]
(1)
The CRC fault may be prevented from setting the FAULT pin by setting IO_CONFIG[7] = 1. The FAULT_STATUS[CRC] bit is still set
when CRC error is detected, but the FAULT pin remains de-asserted.
Fault Recovery Procedure
When any error flag in DEVICE_STATUS[], FAULT_STATUS[], or ALERT_STATUS[] is set and latched, the
state can only be cleared by host communication via SPI. Writing to the respective FAULT_STATUS or
ALERT_STATUS register bit with a 1 clears the latch for that bit. The exceptions are the two FORCE bits, which
are cleared by writing a 0 to the bit.
The FAULT_STATUS[] and ALERT_STATUS[] register bits are read-only, with the exception of the FORCE bit,
which may be directly written to either a 1 or 0.
Secondary Protector Built-In Self-Test Features
The secondary protector functions have built-in test for verifying the connections through the signal chain of ICs
in the stack back to the host CPU. This verifies the wiring, connections, and signal path through the ICs by
forcing a current through the signal path.
To implement this feature, host firmware should set the FAULT[FORCE] or ALERT[FORCE] bit in the top-most
device in the stack. The device asserts the associated pin on the South interface, and it propagates down the
stack, back to the base device. The base device in turn asserts the FAULT_H (ALERT_H) pin to the host,
allowing the host to check for the received signal and thereby verify correct operation.
CELL BALANCING
The bq76PL536A has six dedicated outputs (CB1…CB6) that can be used to control external N-FETs as part of
a cell balancing system. The implementation of appropriate algorithms is controlled by the system host. The
CB_CTRL[CBAL1–6] bits control the state of each of the outputs. The outputs are copied from the bit state of the
CB_CTRL register, i.e., a 1 in this register activates the external balance FET by placing a high on the
associated pin.
The CBx pins switch between approximately the positive and negative voltages of the cell across which the
external FET is connected. This allows the use of a small, low-cost N-FET in series with a power resistor to
provide cell balancing.
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Cell Balance Control Safety Timer
The CBx outputs are cleared when the internal safety timer expires. The internal safety timer (CB_TIME) value is
programmed in units of seconds or minutes (range set by CB_CTRL bit 7) with an accuracy of ±10%.
The timer begins when any CB_CTRL bit changes from 0 to 1. The timer is reset if all CB_CTRL bits are
modified by the host from 1 to 0, or by expiration of the timing period. The timing begins counting the
programmed period from start each time the CB_CTRL[] register is programmed from a zero to a non-zero value
in the lower six bits. In example, if the CB_TIME[] is set for 30 s, then one or more bits are set in the CB_CTRL[]
register to balance the corresponding cells; then after 10 s the user firmware sets CB_CTRL[] to 0x00, takes a
measurement, then reprograms CB_CTRL[] with the same or new bit pattern, the timer begins counting 30 s
again before expiring and disabling balancing. This restart occurs each time the CB_CTRL bits are set to a nonzero value. If this is done at a greater rate than the balancing period for which timer CB_TIME[] is set, balancing
is effectively never disabled – until the timer is either allowed to expire without changing the CB_CTRL[] register
to a non-zero value, or the CB_CTRL[] register is set to zero by the user firmware. If the CB_CTRL[] register is
not manipulated from zero to non-zero while the timer is running, the timer expires as expected. Alterations of the
value from a non-zero to a different non-zero value do not restart the timer (i.e., from 0x02 to 0x03, etc).
While the timer is running, the host may set or reset any bit in the CB_CTRL[] register at any time, and the CBx
output follows the bit.
The host may re-program the timer at any time. The timer must always be programmed to allow the CBx outputs
to be asserted. While the timer is non-zero, the CB_CTRL[] settings are reflected at the outputs.
During periods when the timer is actively running (not expired), then DEVICE_STATUS[CBT] is set.
OTHER FEATURES AND FUNCTIONS
Internal Voltage Regulators
The bq76PL536A derives power from the BAT pin using several internal low dropout (LDO) voltage regulators.
There are separate LDOs for internal analog circuits (5 V at LDOA), digital circuits (5 V at LDOD1 and LDOD2),
and external, user circuits (5 V at REG50). The BAT pin should be connected to the most-positive cell input from
cell 3, 4, 5, or 6, depending on the number of cells connected. Locate filter capacitors as close to the IC as
possible. The internal LDOs and internal VREF should not be used to power external circuitry, with the exception
that LDODx should be used to source power to any external pullup resistors.
Internal 5-V Analog Supply
The internal analog supply should be bypassed at the LDOA pin with a good-quality, low-ESR, 2.2-μF ceramic
capacitor.
Internal 5-V Digital Supply
The internal digital supply should be bypassed at the LDOD1(2) pin with a good-quality, low-ESR, 2.2-μF ceramic
capacitor. The two pins are connected internally and provided to enhance single-pin failure-mode fault tolerance.
They should also be connected together externally.
Designer Note: Because the LDODx inputs are pulled briefly to ~7 V during programming, the LDODx pins
should not be used as sources for pullups to 5-V digital pins, such as HSEL and SPI(bus)_H connected pins.
Use VREG50 instead, unless all programming is completed prior to mounting on the application PCB, in
which case LDODx is a good choice.
Low-Dropout Regulator (REG50)
The bq76PL536A has a low-dropout (LDO) regulator provided to power the thermistors and other external
circuitry. The input for this regulator is VBAT. The output of REG50 is typically 5 V. A minimum 2.2-μF capacitor is
required for stable operation. The output is internally current-limited. The output is reduced to near zero if excess
current is drawn, causing die temperatures to rise to unacceptable levels.
The 2.2-µF output capacitor is required whether REG50 is used in the design or not.
REG50 is disabled in SLEEP mode, and may be turned off under thermal-shutdown conditions, and therefore
should not be used as a pullup source for terminating device pins where required.
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Auxiliary Power Output (AUX)
The bq76PL536A provides an approximately 1-mA auxiliary power output that is controlled via
IO_CONTROL[AUX]. This output is taken directly from REG50. The current drawn from this pin must be included
in the REG50 current-limit budget by the designer.
Undervoltage Lockout and Power-On Reset
The device incorporates two comparators to detect low VBAT conditions. The first detects low voltage where some
device digital operations are still available. The second, (POR) detects a voltage below which device operation is
not ensured.
UVLO
When the UVLO threshold voltage is sensed for a period ≥ UVLODELAY, the device is no longer able to make
accurate analog measurements and conversions. The ADC, cell-balancing and fault-detection circuitry are
disabled. The digital circuitry, including host CPU and vertical communications between ICs, is fully functional.
Register contents are preserved with the exception that CB_CTRL is set to 0, and the UVLO bit is set in
DEVICE_STATUS[].
Power-On Reset (POR)
When the POR voltage threshold or lower is sensed for a period ≥ UVLODELAY, the device is no longer able to
function reliably. The device is disabled, including all fault-detection circuitry, host SPI communications, vertical
communications, etc.
After the voltage rises above the hysteresis limit longer than the delay time, the device exits the reset state, with
all registers set to default conditions. The FAULT_STATUS[POR] bit is set and latched until reset by the host.
The device no longer has a valid address (DEVICE_ADDRESS[AR] = 0, ADDRESS_CONTROL[] = 0). The
device should be reprogrammed with a valid address, and any registers re-written if non-default values are
desired.
Reset Command
The bq76PL536Acan also be reset by writing the reset code (0xa5) to the RESET register. All devices respond to
a broadcast RESET command regardless of their current assigned address. The result is identical to a POR with
the exception that the normal POR period is reduced to several hundred microseconds.
Thermal Shutdown (TSD)
The bq76PL536Acontains an integrated thermal shutdown circuit whose sensor is located near the REG50 LDO
and has a threshold of TSD. When triggered, the REG50 regulator reduces its output voltage to zero, and the
ADC is turned off to conserve power. The thermal shutdown circuit has a built-in hysteresis that delays recovery
until the die has cooled slightly. When the thermal shutdown is active, the DEVICE_STATUS[TSD] bit is set. The
IO_CONTROL[SLEEP] and ALERT[SLEEP] bits also become set to reduce power consumption.
WARNING
The secondary protector settings are DISABLED in the TSD state.
CAUTION
Temperature measurement and monitoring do not function due to loss of power if the
thermistors are powered from the REG50 or AUX pins and TSD occurs. Protectiondependent schemes implemented by the designer which depend on the REG50
voltage also may not function as a result of loss of the REG50 output.
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GPIO
The bq76PL536A includes a general-purpose input/output pin controlled by the IO_CONTROL[GPIO_OUT] bit.
The state of this bit is reflected on the pin. To use the pin as an input, program GPIO_OUT to a 1, and then read
the IO_CONTROL[GPIO_IN] bit. A pullup (10 kΩ–1 MΩ, typ.) is required on this pin if used as an input. If the
pullup is not included in the design, system firmware must program a 0 in IO_CONTROL[GPIO_OUT] to prevent
excess current draw from the floating input. Use of a pullup is recommended in all designs to prevent an
unintentional increase in current draw.
SLEEP Functionality
The bq76PL536Aprovides the host a mechanism to put the part into a low-power sleep state by setting the
IO_CONTROL[SLEEP] bit. When this bit is set/reset, the following actions occur:
Sleep State Entry (bit set)
If a conversion is in progress, the device waits for it to complete, then sets DRDY true (high).
The device sets the ALERT_STATUS[SLEEP] bit, which in turn causes the ALERT pin to be asserted.
The device gates off all other sources of FAULT or ALERT except ALERT[SLEEP]. The existing state of the
FAULT and ALERT registers is preserved. The host should service and reset the ALERT generated by the
SLEEP bit being set to minimize SLEEP state current draw by writing a 1 to ALERT[SLEEP] followed by a 0 to
ALERT[SLEEP]. The ALERT North-South signal chain can draw up to ~1 mA of current when active, so this
ALERT source should be cleared prior to the host entering the SLEEP state of its own. This signaling is provided
to notify the host that the unmonitored/unprotected state is being entered.
The REG50 LDO is shut down and the output is allowed to float. The ADC, its reference, and clocks are
disabled. The COV, CUV, and OT circuits are disabled, and their band-gap reference shut off. Note that this
effectively removes protection and monitoring from the cells; the designer should take the necessary
design steps and verifications to ensure the cells cannot be put into an unsafe condition by other parts
of the system or usage characteristics.
IO_CONTROL[TS1(2)] bits are not modified. The host must also set these bits to zero to minimize current draw
of the thermistors themselves.
SPI communications are preserved; all registers may be read or written.
Sleep State Exit (Bit Reset)
VREG50 operation is restored.
COV, CUV, OT circuits are re-enabled.
The ADC circuitry returns to its former state. Note that there is a warm-up delay associated with the ADC enable,
the same delay as specified for enabling from a cold start.
The FAULT and ALERT registers are restored to their pre-SLEEP state. If a FAULT or ALERT condition was
present prior to SLEEP, the FAULT or ALERT pin is immediately asserted.
IO_CONTROL[TS1(2)] should be set by the host if the OT function or temperature measurement functions are
desired.
COMMUNICATIONS
SPI Communications – Device to Host
Device-to-host (D2H) mode is provided on the SPI interface pins for connection to a local host microcontroller,
logic, etc. D2H communications operate in voltage mode as a standard SPI interface for ease of connection to
the outside world from the bq76PL536Adevice. Standard TTL-compatible logic levels are presented. All relevant
SPI timing and performance parameters are met by this interface.
The host interface operates in SPI mode 1, where CPOL = 0 and CPHA = 1. The SPI clock is normally low; data
changes on rising edges, and is sampled on the falling edge. All transfers are MSB-first.
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The pins of the base IC (only) in a stack should have the SCLK_H and SDI_H pins terminated with pullups to
minimize current draw of the part if the host ever enters a state where the pins are not driven, i.e., held in the
high-impedance state by the host. In non-base devices, the _H pins are forced to be all outputs driven low when
the HSEL pin is high. In non-base devices, all _H pins should remain unconnected.
The CS_H has a pullup resistor of approximately 100 kΩ. SDO_H is a 3-state output and is terminated with a
weak pullup.
Designer Note: When VBAT is at or below the UVLO trip point voltage, the internal LDO which supplies the
xxxx_H host SPI communications pins (VLODx) begins to fall out of regulation. The output high voltage on
the xxxx_H pins falls off with the LDO voltage in an approximately linear manner until at the POR voltage trip
point it is reduced to approximately 3.5 V. This action is not tested in production.
Application Notes on the Host SPI Interface Pin States
The CS_H pin is active-low. The host asserts the pin to a logic zero to initiate communications. The CS pin
should remain low until the end of the current packet. When the CS_H pin is asserted, the SPI receiver and
interface of the device are reset and resynchronized. This action ensures that a slave device that has lost
synchronization during a previous transmission or as the result of noise on the bus does not remain permanently
hung. CS_H must be driven false (high) between packets; see AC Timing Characteristics for timing details.
Device-to-Device Vertical Bus (VBUS) Interface
Device-to-device (D2D) communications makes use of a unique, current-mode interface which provides
common-mode voltage isolation between successive bq76PL536As. This vertical bus (VBUS) is found on the _N
and corresponding _S pins. It provides high-speed I/O for both the SPI bus and the direct I/O pins CONV and
DRDY. The current-mode interface minimizes the effects of wiring capacitance on the interface speed.
The _S (south-facing) pins connect to the next-lower device (operating at a lower potential) in the stack of
bq76PL536As. The _N (North facing) pins connect to the next-higher device. The pins cannot be swapped; _S
always points South, and _N always point North. The _S and _N pins are interconnected to the pin with the
same name, but opposite suffix. All pins operate within the voltages present at the BAT and VSS pins. Use
caution; these pins may be several hundred volts above system ground, depending on their position in
the stack.
Designer Note: North (_N) pins of the top, most-positive device in the stack should be connected to the
BAT1(2) pins of the device for correct operation of the string. South (_S) pins of the lowest, most-negative
device in the stack should be connected to VSS of the device.
The maximum SCLK frequency is limited by the number of devices in the vertical stack and other factors. Each
device imposes an approximately 30-ns delay on the round trip communications speed, i.e., from SCLK rising (an
input to all devices) to the SDO pin transitioning requires ~30 ns per device. The designer must add to this the
delay caused by the PCB trace (in turn determined by the material and layout), any connectors in series with the
connection, and any other wiring or cabling between devices in the system. To maximize speed, these other
system components should be carefully selected to minimize delays and other detrimental effects on signal
quality. Wiring and connectors should receive special attention to their transmission line characteristics.
Other factors which should be considered are clock duty cycle, clock jitter, temperature effects on clock and
system components, user-selected drive level for the level-shift interface, and desired design margin.
The VBUS SPI interface is placed in a low-power mode when CS_H is not asserted on the base device.
The CS_N/S pins are asserted by a logic high on the vertical interface bus (logically inverted from CS_H). This
creates a default VBUS CS condition of logic low, reducing current consumption to a minimum.
To reduce power consumption of the SPI interface to a minimum, the SCLK_H and SDI_H should be maintained
at a logic low (de-asserted) while CS_H is asserted (low). Most SPI buses are operated this way by
microcontrollers. The VBUS versions of these signals are not inverted from the host interface. The device also
de-asserts by default the SDO_N/S pins to minimize power consumption.
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Packet Formats
Data Read Packet
When the bq76PL536A is selected (CS_S [CS_H for first device] is active and the bq76PL536A has been
addressed) and read request has been initiated, then the data is transmitted on the SDO_S pin to the SDO_N
pin of the next device down the stack. This continues to the first device in the stack, where the data in from the
SDO_N pin is transmitted to the host via the SDO_H pin. The device supplying the read data generates a CRC
as the last byte sent.
CS
n + 1 placeholder bytes
SDI
DEV ADDR
REG ADDR
CNT = n
0x00
0x00
0x00
0x00
SDO
0x00
0x00
0x00
READ 1
READ 2
READ n...
CRC
1 byte
time
Figure 9. READ Packet Format
Read Packet
0
Device Address
R/W
0
Start Reg Address
Read Length n
Read Data 1
CS Assertion
Read Data n
CRC
Figure 10. READ Packet Detail
Data Write Packet
When the bq76PL536A is selected (CS_S is active and the bq76PL536A has been addressed) and a write
request has been initiated, the bq76PL536A receives data through the SDI_S pin, which is connected to the
SDO_N of the lower device. For the first device in the stack, the data is input to the SDI_H pin from the host, and
transmitted up the stack on the SDI_S pin to the SDI_N pin of the next higher device. If enabled, the device
checks the CRC, which it expects as the last byte sent. If the CRC is valid, no action is taken. If the CRC is
invalid or missing, the device asserts the ALERT_S signal to the next lower device, which ripples down the stack
to the ALERT_H pin on the lowest device. The host should then take action to clear the condition.
Unused or undefined register bits should be written as zeros.
CS
Start of next packet
SDI
DEV ADDR
REG ADDR
WRT DATA
CRC
DEV ADDR
REG ADDR
...
1 byte
time
Figure 11. WRITE Packet Format
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Write Packet
0
Device Address
R/W
1
Reg Address
Reg Data
CS Assertion
CRC
Figure 12. WRITE Packet Detail
Broadcast Writes
The bq76PL536A supports broadcasting single register writes to all devices. A write to device address 0x3f is
recognized by all devices on the bus with a valid address, and permits efficient simultaneous configuration of all
registers in the stack of devices. This also permits synchronizing all ADC conversions by a firmware command
sent to the CONVERT_CTRL[] register as an alternative to using the CONV and DRDY pins.
Communications Packet Structure
The bq76PL536A has two primary communication modes via the SPI interface. These two modes enable singlebyte read / write and multiple data reads. All writes are single-byte; the logical address is shifted one bit left, and
the LSB = 1 for writing.
All transactions are in the form of packets comprising:
BYTE
DESCRIPTION
#1
6-bit bq76PL536A slave address + R/W bit 0b0xxx xxxW
#2
Starting data-register offset
#3
Number of data bytes to be read (n) (omitted for writes)
#4 to 3+n
Data bytes
#4+n
CRC (omit if IO_CONFIG[CRC_DIS] = 1)
CRC Algorithm
The cyclic redundancy check (CRC) is a CRC-8 error-checking byte, calculated on all the message bytes
(including addresses). It is identical in structure to the SMBus 2.0 packet error check (PEC), and is also known
as the ATM-8 CRC. The CRC is appended to the message for all SPI packets by the device that supplied the
data as the last byte in the packet (when IO_CONTROL[CRC] == 1).
Each bus transaction requires a CRC calculation by both the transmitter and receiver within each packet. The
CRC is calculated in a way that conforms to the polynomial, C(x) = x8 + x2 + x1 + 1 and must be calculated in the
order of the bits as received, MSB first. The CRC calculation includes all bytes in the transmission, including
address, command, and data. When reading data from the device, the CRC is based on the ADDRESS +
FIRST_REGISTER + LENGTH + returned_device_data[n]. The stuff-bytes used to clock out the data from the IC
are not used as part of the calculation, although if the value 0x00 is used, the 0s have no effect on the CRC.
CRC verification is performed by the receiver when the CS_x line goes false, indicating the end of a packet. If
the CRC verification fails, the message is ignored (discarded), the CRC failure flag is set in the
FAULT_STATUS[CRC] register, and the FAULT line becomes asserted and latched until the error is read and
cleared by the host.
The CRC bit returned in the FAULT_STATUS[] register reflects the last packet received, not the CRC condition
of the packet reading the FAULT_STATUS contents. CRC errors should be handled at a high priority by the host
controller, before writing to additional registers.
Data Packet Usage Examples
The bq76PL536Acan be enabled via the host to read just the specific voltage data which would require a total of
2 written bytes (chip address and R/W [#1] + first (starting) register offset [#2]) + LENGTH [#3] and 13 <null>
stuff bytes (12 [n] data bytes + CRC).
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The data packet can be periodically expanded to accommodate temperature and GPAI readings as well as
device status as needed by changing the REGISTER_FIRST offset and LENGTH values.
Device Addressing
Each individual device in the series stack requires an address to allow it to be communicated with. Each
bq76PL536A has a CS_S and CS_N that are used in assigning addresses. Once addresses have been
assigned, the normal operation of the CS_N/S lines is asserted (logic high) during communications, and the
appropriate bq76PL536A in the stack responds according to the address transmitted as part of the packet.
When the bq76PL536A is reset, the DEVICE_STATUS[AR] (address request) flag is cleared, the address
register is set to 0x00, and ALERT_S is set and passed down the stack. In this state, where address = 0x00, the
CS_N signal is forced to a de-asserted state (CS is not passed north when an address = 0). In this manner, after
a reset the host is assured that a response at address 0x00 is from the first physical device in the stack. After
address assignment of the current device, the host is assured that the next response at address 0x00 is from the
next physical device in the stack.
Once a valid address is assigned to the device, the CS_N signal responds normally, and follows the CS_H or
CS_S signal, propagating to the next device in the stack. Valid addresses are in the range 0x01 through 0x3e.
0x00 is reserved for device discovery after reset. 0x3f is reserved as a broadcast address for all devices.
Designer Note: Broadcast messages are only received by devices with a valid address, and the next higher
device. Any device with an address of 0x00 blocks messages to devices above it. A broadcast message may
not be received by all devices in a stack in situations where some devices do not have a valid address.
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All devices:
ADDRESS = 0x?? (unknown)
expected = # devices in stack
START
look_for = 0;
Send
BROADCAST_RESET
Note: validated = one more than
devices found at this point
look_for++;
n = 0;
n++;
Assign unique address (n) to
this device @address 0x00
Assign ADDRESS
Write Dev[0]ADDR_CTRL = n
Validation test: Read same
device for unique address (n)
just assigned
Read Dev[n]
ADDR_CTRL[]
Validate device was
successfully found and
addressed
N
Dev[n]ADDR_CTRL[]
= n?
Y
This loop finds one new
device per iteration
n < look_for?
Y
N
(Implied: n == look_for here)
This loop resets all addressed
devices, then looks for all
previously found+1 devices
again. Corrects any
addressing faults in the stack
n < expected?
Y
N
(Implied: n == expected here)
N
All devices found?
n == expected?
Y
Error()
Success
Figure 13. Address Discovery and Assignment Algorithm
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Once the address is written, the ADDRESS_CONTROL[AR] bit is set which is copied to the
DEVICE_STATUS[AR] and also ALERT_S if ALERT_N is also de-asserted. This allows the CS_N pin to follow
(asserted) the CS_S pin assertions. The process of addressing can now be repeated as device ‘n’ has a new
address and device n+1 has the default address of 0x00, and can be changed to its correct address in the stack.
If a device loses its address through a POR or it is replaced then this device will be the highest logical device in
the stack able to be addressed (0x00) as its CS_N will be disabled and the addressing process is required to be
undertaken for this, and higher devices.
REGISTER ARCHITECTURE
I/O Register Details
The bq76PL536A has 48 addressable I/O registers. These registers provide status, control, and configuration
information for the battery protection system. Reserved registers return 0x00. Unused registers should not be
written to; the results are undefined. Unused or undefined bits should be written as zeros, and will always read
back as zeros. Several types of registers are provided, detailed as follows.
Register Types
Read-Only (Group 1)
These registers contain the results of conversions, or device status information set by internal logic. The contents
are re-initialized by a device reset as a result of either POR or the RESET command. Contents of the register are
changed by either a conversion command, or when there is an internal state change (i.e., a fault condition is
sensed).
Read / Write (Group 2)
This register group modifies the operations or behavior of the device, or indicates detailed status in the
ALERT_STATUS[] and FAULT_STATUS[] registers. The contents are re-initialized by a device reset as a result
of either POR or the RESET command. Contents of the register are changed either by a conversion command,
or when there is an internal state change (i.e., a fault condition is sensed).
Contents may also be changed by a write from the host CPU to the register. Writes may only modify a single
register at a time. If CRCs are enabled, the write packet is buffered until the CRC is checked for correctness.
Packets with bad CRCs are discarded without writing the value to the register, after setting the
FAULT_STATUS[CRC] flag.
Unused or undefined bits in any register should be written as zeros, and will always read back as zeros.
SPI DE -SERIALIZER
INTERNAL DATA BUS
CONTROL, STATUS & DATA REGISTERS
REGISTER
CRC CHECK LOGIC
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
WRITE
FAULT _STATUS FLAGS
CRC_ERR
Figure 14. Register Group2 Architecture
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Read / Write, Initialized From EPROM (Group3)
These registers control the device configuration and functionality. The contents of the registers are initialized
from EPROM-stored constants as a result of POR, RESET command, or the RELOAD_SHADOW command.
This feature ensures that the secondary protector portion of the device (COV, CUV, OT) is fully functional after
any reset, without host CPU involvement.
These registers may only be modified by using a special, sequential-write sequence to guard against accidental
changes. The value loaded from EPROM at reset (or by command) may be temporarily overridden by using the
special write sequence. The temporary value is overwritten to the programmed EPROM initialization value by the
next reset or command to reload. To write to a these protected registers, first write 0x35 to SHDW_CONTROL[],
immediately followed by the write to the desired register. Any intervening write cancels the special sequence.
To re-initialize the entire set of Group3 registers to the EPROM defaults, write the value 0x27 to
SHDW_CONTROL[].
These registers are further protected against corruption by a ninth parity bit that is automatically updated when
the register is written using even parity. If the contents of the register ever become corrupted, the bad parity
causes the ALERT_STATUS[PARITY] bit to become set, alerting the host CPU of the problem.
The EPROM-stored constants are programmed by writing the values to the register(s), then applying the
programming voltage to the LDODx pins, then issuing the EPROM_WRITE command to register E_EN[]. All
Group3 registers are programmed simultaneously, and this operation can only be performed once to the onetime-programmable (OTP) memory cells. The process is not reversible.
SPI DE-SERIALIZER
INTERNAL DATA BUS
REGISTER CONTROL & STATUS BITS
CRC CHECK LOGIC
PROTECTED
REGISTER
WRITE-PROTECT KEY
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
P
STATUS FLAGS
PARITY LOGIC
WRITE
PARITY
SYNDROME CHECKER / GENERATOR
1 bit error
ERROR CHECK /
CORRECT (ECC) LOGIC
REFRESH-PROTECT KEY
POR
REFRESH
EPROM
KEY requires sequenced
write to unlock function
2+ bit errors
LOAD
PROGRAM
VOLTAGE &
TIMING CONTROL
ECC_COR
ECC_ERR
PGM-PROTECT KEY
CHECK BITS
7
6
5
4
3
2
No direct access to this register.
1
0
Cn+1...
Cn
C0
LOAD signal evaluates
ECC syndrome bits
Figure 15. Protected Register Group3 Architecture, Simplified View
Error Checking and Correcting (ECC) EPROM
The EPROM used to initialize this group is also protected by error-check-and-correct (ECC) logic. The ECC bits
provide a highly reliable storage solution in the presence of external disturbances. This feature cannot be
disabled by user action. Implementation is fully self-contained and automatic and requires no special
computations or provisioning by the user.
When the Group3 contents are permanently written to EPROM, an additional array of hidden ECC-OTP cells is
also automatically programmed. The ECC logic implements a Hamming code that automatically corrects all
single-bit errors in the EPROM array, and senses additional multi-bit errors. If any corrections are made, the
DEVICE_STATUS[ECC_COR] flag bit is set. If any multi-bit errors are sensed, the ALERT_STATUS[ECC_ERR]
flag is set. The corrective action or detection is performed anytime the contents of EPROM are loaded into the
registers – POR, RESET, or by SHADOW_LOAD command. Note: The ECC_COR and ECC_ERR bits may
glitch during OTP-EPROM writes; this is normal. If this occurs, reset the tripped bit; it should remain cleared.
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When a double-bit (uncorrectable) error is found, DEVICE_STATUS[ALERT] is set, the ALERT_S (ALERT_H for
bottom stack device) line is activated, and the ALERT_STATUS[] register returns the ECC_ERR and/or I_FAULT
bit = 1(true). The device may return erroneous measurement data, and/or fail to detect COV, CUV, or OT faults
in this state.
EPROM bits are shipped from the factory set to 0, and must be programmed to the 1 state as required.
Table 3. Data and Control Register Descriptions
ADDR
GROUP
ACCESS (1)
RESET
DESCRIPTION
0x00
1
R
0
Status register
GPAI
0x01, 0x02
1
R
0
GPAI measurement data
VCELL1
0x03, 0x04
1
R
0
Cell 1 voltage data
VCELL2
0x05, 0x06
1
R
0
Cell 2 voltage data
VCELL3
0x07, 0x08
1
R
0
Cell 3 voltage data
VCELL4
0x09, 0x0a
1
R
0
Cell 4 voltage data
VCELL5
0x0b, 0x0c
1
R
0
Cell 5 voltage data
VCELL6
0x0d, 0x0e
1
R
0
Cell 6 voltage data
TEMPERATURE1
0x0f, 0x10
1
R
0
TS1+ to TS1– differential voltage data
TEMPERATURE2
0x11, 0x12
1
R
0
TS2+ to TS2– differential voltage data
RSVD
0x13–0x1f
–
–
–
Reserved for future use
ALERT_STATUS
0x20
2
R/W
0x80
Indicates source of ALERT signal
FAULT_STATUS
0x21
2
R/W
0x08
Indicates source of FAULT signal
COV_FAULT
0x22
1
R
0
Indicates cell in OV fault state
CUV_FAULT
0x23
1
R
0
Indicates cell in UV fault state
PRESULT_A
0x24
1
R
0
Parity result of Group3 protected registers (A)
PRESULT_B
0x25
1
R
0
Parity result of Group3 protected registers (B)
NAME
DEVICE_STATUS
RSVD
0x26–0x2f
–
–
–
Reserved for future use
ADC_CONTROL
0x30
2
R/W
0
ADC measurement control
IO_CONTROL
0x31
2
R/W
0
I/O pin control
CB_CTRL
0x32
2
R/W
0
Controls the state of the cell-balancing outputs CBx
CB_TIME
0x33
2
R/W
0
Configures the CB control FETs maximum on time
ADC_CONVERT
0x34
2
R/W
0
ADC conversion start
0x35–0x39
–
–
–
Reserved for future use
SHDW_CTRL
0x3a
2
R/W
0
Controls WRITE access to Group3 registers
ADDRESS_CONTROL
0x3b
2
R/W
0
Address register
RESET
0x3c
2
W
0
RESET control register
TEST_SELECT
0x3d
2
R/W
0
Test mode selection register
RSVD
0x3e
–
–
–
Reserved for future use
E_EN
0x3f
2
R/W
0
EPROM programming mode enable
FUNCTION_CONFIG
0x40
3
R/W
EPROM
Default configuration of device
IO_CONFIG
0x41
3
R/W
EPROM
I/O pin configuration
CONFIG_COV
0x42
3
R/W
EPROM
Overvoltage set point
CONFIG_COVT
0x43
3
R/W
EPROM
Overvoltage time-delay filter
CONFIG_CUV
0x44
3
R/W
EPROM
Undervoltage setpoint
CONFIG_CUVT
0x45
3
R/W
EPROM
Undervoltage time-delay filter
CONFIG_OT
0x46
3
R/W
EPROM
Overtemperature set point
CONFIG_OTT
0x47
3
R/W
EPROM
Overtemperature time-delay filter
USER1
0x48
3
R
EPROM
User data register 1, not used by device
USER2
0x49
3
R
EPROM
User data register 2, not used by device
USER3
0x4a
3
R
EPROM
User data register 3, not used by device
RSVD
(1)
34
Key: R = Read; W = Write
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Table 3. Data and Control Register Descriptions (continued)
NAME
ADDR
GROUP
ACCESS (1)
RESET
DESCRIPTION
USER4
0x4b
3
R
EPROM
User data register 4, not used by device
RSVD
0x4c–0xff
–
–
–
Reserved
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REGISTER DETAILS
DEVICE_STATUS REGISTER (0x00)
7
AR
6
FAULT
5
ALERT
4
–
3
ECC_COR
2
UVLO
1
CBT
0
DRDY
The STATUS register provides information about the current state of the bq76PL536A.
[7]
(ADDR_RQST)
This bit is written to indicate that the ADDR[0]…[5] bits have been written to the correct
address. This bit is a copy of in the ADDRESS_CONTROL[AR] bit.
0 = Address has not been assigned
1 = Address has been assigned
[6] (FAULT):
This bit indicates that this bq76PL536A has detected a condition causing the FAULT signal
to become asserted.
0 = No FAULT exists
1 = A FAULT exists. Read FAULT_STATUS[] to determine the cause.
[5] (ALERT):
This bit indicates that this bq76PL536Av has detected a condition causing the ALERT pin to
become asserted.
0 = No FAULT exists
1 = An ALERT exists. Read ALERT_STATUS[] to determine the cause.
[4] (not implemented)
[3] (ECC_COR):
This bit indicates a one-bit error has been detected and corrected in the EPROM.
0 = No errors are detected in the EPROM
1 = A one-bit (single bit) error has been detected and corrected by on-chip logic.
[2] (UVLO):
This bit indicates the device VBAT has fallen below the undervoltage lockout trip point.
Some device operations are not valid in this condition.
0 = Normal operation
1 = UVLO trip point reached, device operation is not ensured.
[1] (CBT):
This bit indicates the cell balance timer is running.
0 = The cell balance timer is has not started or has expired.
1 = The cell balance timer is running.
[0] (DRDY):
This bit indicates the data is ready to read (no conversions active).
0 = There are conversion(s) running.
1 = There are no conversion(s) running.
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GPAI (0x01, 0x02)
15
GPAI[15]
7
GPAI [7]
14
GPAI [14]
6
GPAI [6]
13
GPAI [13]
5
GPAI [5]
12
GPAI [12]
4
GPAI [4]
11
GPAI [11]
3
GPAI [3]
10
GPAI [10]
2
GPAI [2]
9
GPAI [9]
1
GPAI [1]
8
GPAI [8]
0
GPAI [0]
9
VCELLn[9]
1
VCELLn[1]
8
VCELLn[8]
0
VCELLn[0]
The GPAI register reports the ADC measurement of GPAI+/GPAI– in units of LSBs.
Bits 15–8 are returned at address 0x01, bits 7–0 at address 0x02.
VCELLn REGISTER (0x03…0x0e)
15
VCELLn[15]
7
VCELLn[7]
14
VCELLn[14]
6
VCELLn[6]
13
VCELLn[13]
5
VCELLn[5]
12
VCELLn[12]
4
VCELLn[4]
11
VCELLn[11]
3
VCELLn[3]
10
VCELLn[10]
2
VCELLn[2]
The VCELLn registers report the converted data for cell n, where n = 1 to 6.
Bits 15–8 are returned at odd addresses (e.g. 0x03), bits 7–0 at even addresses (e.g. 0x04).
TEMPERATURE1 REGISTER (0x0f, 0x10)
15
TEMP1[15]
7
TEMP1[7]
14
TEMP1[14]
6
TEMP1[6]
13
TEMP1[13]
5
TEMP1[5]
12
TEMP1[12]
4
TEMP1[4]
11
TEMP1[11]
3
TEMP1[3]
10
TEMP1[10]
2
TEMP1[2]
9
TEMP1[9]
1
TEMP1[1]
8
TEMP1[8]
0
TEMP1[0]
The TEMPERATURE1 register reports the converted data for TS1+ to TS1–.
Bits 15–8 are returned at odd addresses (e.g., 0x0f), bits 7–0 at even addresses (e.g., 0x10).
TEMPERATURE2 REGISTER (0x11, 0x12)
15
TEMP2[15]
7
TEMP2[7]
14
TEMP2[14]
6
TEMP2[6]
13
TEMP2[13]
5
TEMP2[5]
12
TEMP2[12]
4
TEMP2[4]
11
TEMP2[11]
3
TEMP2[3]
10
TEMP2[10]
2
TEMP2[2]
9
TEMP2[9]
1
TEMP2[1]
8
TEMP2[8]
0
TEMP2[0]
The TEMPERATURE2 register reports the converted data for TS2+ to TS2–.
Bits 15–8 are returned at odd addresses (e.g., 0x11), bits 7–0 at even addresses (e.g., 0x12).
ALERT_STATUS REGISTER (0x20)
7
AR
6
PARITY
5
ECC_ERR
4
FORCE
3
TSD
2
SLEEP
1
OT2
0
OT1
The ALERT_STATUS register provides information about the source of the ALERT signal. The host must clear
each alert flag by writing a 1 to the bit that is set. The exception is bit 4, which may be written 1 or 0 as needed
to implement self-test of the IC stack and wiring.
[7] AR
This bit indicates that the ADDR[0]…[5] bits have been written to a valid address. This bit
is an inverted copy of the ADDRESS_CONTROL[AR] bit. It is not cleared until an
address has been programmed in ADDRESS_CONTROL and a 1 followed by a 0 (two
writes) is written to the bit.
0 = Address has been assigned.
1 = Address has not been assigned (default at RESET).
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[6] (PARITY):
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This bit is used to validate the contents of the protected Group3 registers.
0 = Group3 protected register(s) contents are valid.
1 = Group3 protected register(s) contents are invalid. Group3 registers should be
refreshed from OTP or directly written from the host.
[5] (ECC_ERR):
This bit is used to validate the OTP register blocks.
0 = No double-bit errors (a corrected one-bit error may/may not exist)
1 = An uncorrectable error has been detected in the OTP-EPROM register bank.
OTP-EPROM register(s) are not valid.
[4] (FORCE):
This bit asserts the ALERT signal. It can be used to verify correct operation and
connectivity of the ALERT as a part of system self-test.
0 = Deassert ALERT (default)
1 = Assert the ALERT signal.
[3] (TSD):
This bit indicates thermal shutdown is active.
0 = Thermal shutdown is inactive (default).
1 = Die temperature has exceeded TSD.
[2] (SLEEP):
This bit indicates SLEEP mode was activated. This bit is only set when SLEEP is first
activated; no continuous ALERT or SLEEP status is indicated after the host resets the
bit, even if the IO_CTRL[SLEEP] bit remains true. (See IO_CTRL[] register for details.)
0 = Normal operation
1 = SLEEP mode was activated.
[1] (OT2):
This bit indicates an overtemperature fault has been detected via TS2.
0 = Temperature is lower than or equal to the VOT2 (or input disabled by
IO_CONTROL[TS2] = 0).
1 = Temperature is higher than VOT2.
[0] (OT1):
This bit indicates an overtemperature fault has been detected via TS1.
0 = Temperature is lower than or equal to the VOT1 (or input disabled by
IO_CONTROL[TS1] = 0).
1 = Temperature is higher than VOT1.
FAULT_STATUS REGISTER (0x21)
7
–
6
–
5
I_FAULT
4
FORCE
3
POR
2
CRC
1
CUV
0
COV
The FAULT_STATUS register provides information about the source of the FAULT signal. The host must clear
each fault flag by writing a 1 to the bit that is set. The exception is bit 4, which may be written 1 or 0 as needed
to implement self-test of the IC stack and wiring.
[7] (not implemented)
[6] (not implemented)
[5] (I_FAULT):
The device has failed an internal register consistency check. Measurement data and
protection function status may not be accurate and should not be used.
0 = No internal register consistency check fault exists.
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1 = The internal consistency check has failed self-test. The host should attempt to reset
the device, see the RESET section. If the fault persists, the failure should be
considered uncorrectable.
[4] (FORCE):
This bit asserts the FAULT signal. It can be used to verify correct operation and
connectivity of the FAULT line as a part of system self-test.
0 = Deassert FAULT (default)
1 = Assert the FAULT signal.
[3] (POR):
This bit indicates a power-on reset (POR) has occurred.
0 = No POR has occurred since this bit was last cleared by the host.
1 = A POR has occurred. This notifies the host that default values have been loaded to
Group1 and Group2 registers, and OTP contents have been copied to Group3
registers.
[2] (CRC):
This bit indicates a garbled packet reception by the device.
0 = No errors
1 = A CRC error was detected in the last packet received.
[1] (CUV):
This bit indicates that this bq76PL536A has detected a cell undervoltage (CUV) condition.
Examine CUV_FAULT[] to determine which cell caused the ALERT.
0 = All cells are above the CUV threshold (default).
1 = One or more cells is below the CUV threshold.
[0] (COV):
This bit indicates that this bq76PL536A has detected a cell overvoltage (COV) condition.
Examine COV_FAULT[] to determine which cell caused the FAULT.
0 = All cells are below the COV threshold (default).
1 = One or more cells is above the COV threshold.
COV_FAULT REGISTER (0x22)
7
–
6
–
[0..5] (OV[1]..[6]):
5
OV[6]
4
OV[5]
3
OV[4]
2
OV[3]
1
OV[2]
0
OV[1]
These bits indicate which cell caused the DEVICE_STATUS[COV] flag to be set.
0 = Cell[n] does not have an overvoltage fault (default).
1 = Cell[n] does have an overvoltage fault.
CUV_FAULT REGISTER (0x23)
7
–
b0..5 (UV[1]..[6]):
6
–
5
UV[6]
4
UV[5]
3
UV[4]
2
UV[3]
1
UV[2]
0
UV[1]
These bits indicate which cell caused the DEVICE_STATUS[CUV] flag to be set.
0 = Cell[n] does not have an undervoltage fault (default).
1 = Cell[n] does have an undervoltage fault.
PARITY_H REGISTER (0x24) (PRESULT_A (R/O))
7
OTT
6
OTV
5
CUVT
4
CUVV
3
COVT
2
COVV
1
IO
0
FUNC
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The PRESULT_A register holds the parity result bits for the first eight Group3 protected registers.
PARITY_H REGISTER (0x25) (PRESULT_B (R/O))
7
0
6
0
5
0
4
0
3
USER4
2
USER3
1
USER2
0
USER1
The PRESULT_B register holds the parity result bits for the second eight Group3 protected registers.
ADC_CONTROL REGISTER (0x30)
7
–
6
ADC_ON
5
TS2
4
TS1
3
GPAI
2
CELL_SEL[2]
1
CELL_SEL[1]
0
CELL_SEL[0]
The ADC_CONTROL register controls some features of the bq76PL536A.
[7] not implemented. Must be written as 0.
[6] (ADC_ON):
This bit forces the ADC subsystem ON. This has the effect of eliminating internal start-up
and settling delays, but increases current consumption.
0 = Auto mode. ADC subsystem is OFF until a conversion is requested. The ADC is
turned on, a wait is applied to allow the reference to stabilize. Automatically
returns to OFF state at end of requested conversion. Note that there is a start-up
delay associated with turning the ADC to the ON state in this mode.
1 = ADC subsystem is ON, regardless of conversion state. Power consumption is
increased.
[5..4] (TS[1]..[0]):
[3] (GPAI):
These two bits select whether any of the temperature sensor inputs are to be measured
on the next conversion sequence start.
TS[1]
TS[0]
Measure T
0
0
None (default)
0
1
TS1
1
0
TS2
1
1
Both
This bit enables and disables the GPAI input to be measured on the next conversionsequence start.
0 = GPAI is not selected for measurement.
1 = GPAI is selected for measurement.
[2–0] (CELL_SEL):
These three bits select the series cells for voltage measurement translation on the next
conversion sequence start.
CELL_SEL[2]
CELL_SEL[1]
CELL_SEL[0]
0
0
0
Cell 1 only
0
0
1
Cells 1-2
0
1
0
Cells 1-2-3
0
1
1
Cells 1-2-3-4
1
0
0
Cells 1-2-3-4-5
1
0
1
Cells 1-2-3-4-5-6
Other
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IO_CONTROL REGISTER (0x31)
7
AUX
6
GIPI_OUT
5
GPIO_IN
4
0
3
0
2
SLEEP
1
TS2
0
TS1
The IO_CONTROL register controls some features of the bq76PL536A external I/O pins.
[7] (AUX):
Controls the state of the AUX output pin, which is internally connected to REG50.
0 = Open
1 = Connected to REG50
[6] (GPIO_OUT):
Controls the state of the open-drain GPIO output pin; the pin should be programmed to 1
to use the GPIO pin as an input.
0 = Output low
1 = Open-drain
[5] (GPIO_IN):
Represents the input state of GPIO pin when used as an input
0 = GPIO input is low.
1 = GPIO input is high.
[4] Not implemented. Must be written as 0.
[3] Not implemented. Must be written as 0.
[2] (SLEEP):
Places the device in a low-quiescent-current state. All CUV, COV, and OT comparators
are disabled. A 1-ms delay to stabilize the reference voltage is required to exit SLEEP
mode and return to active COV, CUV monitoring.
0 = ACTIVE mode
1 = SLEEP mode
[1..0] (TSx)
Controls the connection of the TS1(2) inputs to the ADC VSS connection point. When set,
the TSx(–) input is connected to VSS. These bits should be set to 0 to reduce the current
draw of the system.
0 = Not connected
1 = Connected
CB_CTRL REGISTER (0x32)
7
–
6
–
5
CBAL[6]
4
CBAL[5]
3
CBAL[4]
2
CBAL[3]
1
CBAL[2]
0
CBAL[1]
The CB_CTRL register determines the internal cell balance output state.
CB_CTRL b(n = 5 to 0) (CBAL(n + 1)): This bit determines if the CB(n) output is high or low.
0 = CB[n] output is low (default).
1 = CB[n] output is high (active).
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CB_TIME REGISTER (0x33)
7
CBT[7]
6
–
5
CBT[5]
4
CBT[4]
3
CBT[3]
2
CBT[2]
1
CBT[1]
0
CBT[0]
The CB_TIME register sets the maximum high (active) time for the cell balance outputs from 0 seconds to 63
minutes. When set to 0, no balancing can occur – balancing is effectively disabled.
[7]
Controls minutes/seconds counting resolution.
0 = Seconds (default)
1 = Minutes
[5..0]
Sets the time duration as scaled by CBT.7
ADC_CONVERT REGISTER (0x34)
7
–
6
–
5
–
4
–
3
–
2
–
1
–
0
CONV
The CONVERT_CTRL register is used to start conversions.
[0] (CONV):
This bit starts a conversion, using the settings programmed into the ADC_CONTROL[]
register. It provides a programmatic method of initiating conversions.
0 = No conversion (default)
1 = Initiate conversion. This bit is automatically reset after conversion begins, and always
returns 0 on READ.
SHDW_CTRL REGISTER (0x3a)
7
SHDW[7]
6
SHDW[6]
5
SHDW[5]
4
SHDW[4]
3
SHDW[3]
2
SHDW[2]
1
SHDW[1]
0
SHDW[0]
The SHDW_CTRL register controls writing to Group3 protected registers. Default at RESET = 0x00.
The value 0x35 must be written to this register to allow writing to Group3 protected registers in the range
0x40–0x4f. The register always returns 0x00 on read. The register is reset to 0x00 after any successful write,
including a write to non-Group3 registers. A read operation does not reset this register.
Writing the value 0x27 results in all Group3 protected registers being refreshed from OTP programmed values.
The register is reset to 0x00 after the REFRESH is complete.
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ADDRESS_CONTROL REGISTER (0x3b)
7
AR
6
0
5
ADDR[5]
4
ADDR[4]
3
ADDR[3]
2
ADDR[2]
1
ADDR[1]
0
ADDR[0]
The ADDRESS_CONTROL register allows the host to assign an address to the bq76PL536A for communication.
The default for this register is 0x00 at RESET.
[7] (ADDR_RQST):
This bit is written to indicate that the ADDR[0]…[5] bits have been written to the correct
address. This bit is reflected in the DEVICE_STATUS[AR] bit
0 = Address has not been assigned (default at RESET).
1 = Address has been assigned.
[5..0] (ADDR):
These bits set the device address for SPI communication. This provides to a range of
addresses from 0x00 to 0x3f. Address 0x3f is reserved for broadcast messages to all
connected and addressed 76PL536 devices. The default for these 6 bits is 0x00 at
RESET.
RESET REGISTER (0x3c)
7
RST[7]
6
RST[6]
5
RST[5]
4
RST[4]
3
RST[3]
2
RST[2]
1
RST[1]
0
RST[0]
2
TSEL[2]
1
TSEL[1]
0
TSEL[0]
The RESET register allows the host to reset the bq76PL536A directly.
Writing 0xa5 causes the device to RESET. Other values are ignored.
TEST_SELECT REGISTER (0x3d)
7
TSEL[7]
6
TSEL[6]
5
TSEL[5]
4
TSEL[4]
3
TSEL[3]
The TEST_SELECT places the SPI port in a special mode useful for debug.
TSEL (b7–b0) is used to place the SPI_H interface pins in a mode to support test/debug of a string of
bq76PL536A devices. 0 = normal operating mode.
When the sequence 0xa4, 0x25 ("JR") is written on subsequent write cycles, the device enters a special TEST
mode useful for stack debugging. Writes to other registers between the required sequence bytes results in the
partial sequence being voided; the entire sequence must be written again. POR, RESET, or writing a 0x00 to this
register location exits this mode.
In this state, SPI pin SCLK and SDI become outputs and are enabled, and reflect the state of the SCLK_S,
SDI_S pins of the device. SDO remains an output. This allows observation of bus traffic mid-string. The lowest
device in the string should not be set to operate in this mode. The user is cautioned to condition the connection
to a mid- or top-string device with suitable isolation circuitry to prevent injury or damage to connected devices.
Programming the most-negative device on the stack in this mode prevents further communications with the stack
until POR, and may result in device destruction; this condition should be avoided.
E_EN REGISTER (0x3f)
7
E_EN[7]
6
E_EN [6]
5
E_EN [5]
4
E_EN [4]
3
E_EN [3]
2
E_EN [2]
1
E_EN [1]
0
E_EN [0]
The E_EN register controls the access to the programming of the integrated OTP EPROM.
This register should be written the value 0x91 to permit writing the USER block of EPROM. Values other than
0x00 and 0x91 are reserved and may result in undefined operation. The next read or write of any type to the
device resets (closes) the write window. If a Group3 protected write occurs, the window is closed after the write.
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FUNCTION_CONFIG REGISTER (0x40)
7
ADCT[1]
6
ADCT[0]
5
GPAI_REF
4
GPAI_SRC
3
CN[1]
2
CN[0]
1
–
0
0
The FUNCTION_CONFIG sets the default configuration for special features of the device.
[7..6] (ADCT[0,1]):
These bits set the conversion timing of the ADC measurement.
[5] (GPAI_REF):
ADCT[1]
ADCT[0]
~Conversion Time (μs)
0
0
3
0
1
6 (recommended)
1
0
12
1
1
24
This bit sets the reference for the GPAI ADC measurement.
0 = Internal ADC bandgap reference
1 = VREG50 (ratiometric)
[4] (GPAI_SRC):
This bit controls multiplexing of the GPAI register and determines whether the ADC mux
is connected to the external GPAI inputs, or internally to the BAT1 pin. The register
results are automatically scaled to match the input.
0 = External GPAI inputs are converted to result in GPAI register 0x01–02.
1 = BAT pin to VSS voltage is measured and reported in the GPAI register.
[3..2] (CN[1..0]):
These two bits configure the number of series cells used. If fewer than 6 cells are
configured, the corresponding OV/UV faults are ignored. For example, if the CN[x] bits
are set to 10b (2), then the OV/UV comparators are ignored for cells 5 and 6.
CN[1]
CN[0]
SERIES CELLS
0
0
6 (DEFAULT)
0
1
5
1
0
4
1
1
3
IO_CONFIG REGISTER (0x41)
7
CRCNOFLT
6
–
5
–
4
–
3
–
2
–
1
–
0
CRC_DIS
The IO_CONFIG sets the default configuration for miscellaneous I/O features of the device.
[7] (CRCNOFLT):
This bit enables and disables detected CRC errors asserting the FAULT pin.
0 = CRC errors cause the FAULT[CRC] bit to be set and the FAULT pin to assert. The
FAULT[CRC] bit must be reset as described in the text.
1 = CRC errors cause the FAULT[CRC] bit to be set and the FAULT pin is not
asserted. The FAULT[CRC] bit must be reset as described in the text.
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[0] (CRC_DIS):
This bit enables and disables the automatic generation of the CRC for the SPI
communication packet. The packet size is determined by the host as part of the read
request protocol. The CRC is checked at the deassertion of the CS pin. TI recommends
that this bit be changed using the broadcast address (0x3f) so that all devices in a battery
stack use the same protocol.
0 = A CRC is expected, and generated as the last byte of the packet.
1 = A CRC is not used in communications.
CONFIG_COV REGISTER (0x42)
7
DISABLE
6
–
5
COV[5]
4
COV[4]
3
COV[3]
2
COV[2]
1
COV[1]
0
COV[0]
The CONFIG_COV register determines cell overvoltage threshold voltage.
[7] (DISABLE):
Disables the overvoltage function when set
0 = Overvoltage function enabled
1 = Overvoltage function disabled
[5..0] (COV[5]…[0]):
Configuration bits with corresponding voltage threshold
0x00 = 2 V; each binary increment adds 50 mV until 0x3c = 5 V.
CONFIG_COVT REGISTER (0x43)
7
µs/ms
6
–
5
–
4
COVD[4]
3
COVD[3]
2
COVD[2]
1
COVD[1]
0
COVD[0]
The CONFIG_COVT register determines cell overvoltage detection delay time.
[7] (µs/ms):
Determines the units of the delay time, microseconds or milliseconds
0 = Microseconds
1 = Milliseconds
[4..0] COVD:
0x01 = 100; each binary increment adds 100 until 0x1f = 3100
Note:
When this register is programmed to 0x00, the delay becomes 0s AND the COV state
is NOT latched in the COV_FAULT[] register. In this operating mode, the overvoltage
state for a cell is virtually instantaneous in the COV_FAULT[] register. This mode may
cause system firmware to miss a dangerous cell overvoltage condition.
CONFIG_UV REGISTER (0x44)
7
DISABLE
6
–
5
–
4
CUV[4]
3
CUV[3]
2
CUV[2]
1
CUV[1]
0
CUV[0]
The CUV register determines cell under voltage threshold voltage.
[7] (DISABLE):
Disables the undervoltage function when set
0 = Undervoltage function enabled
1 = Undervoltage function disabled
[5..0] (CUV[4]…[0]):
Configuration bits with corresponding voltage threshold
0x00 = 0.7 V; each binary increment adds 100 mV until 0x1a = 3.3 V.
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CONFIG_CUVT REGISTER (0x45)
7
µs/ms
6
–
5
–
4
CUVD[4]
3
CUVD[3]
2
CUVD[2]
1
CUVD[1]
0
CUVD[0]
The CONFIG_CUVT register determines cell overvoltage detection delay time.
[7] (µs/ms):
Determines the units of the delay time, microseconds or milliseconds
0 = Microseconds
1 = Milliseconds
[4..0] CUVD:
0x01 = 100; each binary increment adds 100 until 0x1f = 3100.
Note:
When this register is programmed to 0x00, the delay becomes 0s AND the CUV state
is NOT latched in the CUV_FAULT[] register. In this operating mode, the overvoltage
state for a cell is virtually instantaneous in the CUV_FAULT[] register. This mode may
cause system firmware to miss a dangerous cell undervoltage condition.
CONFIG_OT REGISTER (0x46)
7
OT2[3]
6
OT2[2]
5
OT2[1]
4
OT2[0]
3
OT1[3]
2
OT1[2]
1
OT1[1]
0
OT1[0]
The CONFIG_OT register holds the configuration of the overtemperature thresholds for the two TS inputs.
For each respective nibble (OT1 or OT2), the value 0x0 disables this function. Other settings program a trip
threshold. See the Ratiometric Sensing section for details of setting this register. Values above 0x0b are illegal
and should not be used.
CONFIG_OTT REGISTER (0x47)
7
COTD[7]
6
COTD[6]
5
COTD[5]
4
COTD[4]
3
COTD[3]
2
COTD[2]
1
COTD[1]
0
COTD[0]
The CONFIG_OTT register determines cell overtemperature detection delay time.
0x01 = 10 ms; each binary increment adds 10 ms until 0xff = 2.55 seconds.
Note: When this register is programmed to 0x00, the delay becomes 0s AND the OT state is NOT
latched in the ALERT_STATUS[] register. In this operating mode, the overtemperature state
for a TSn input is virtually instantaneous in the register. This mode may cause system
firmware to miss a dangerous overtemperature condition.
USERx REGISTER (0x48–0x4b) (USER1–4)
7
USER[7]
6
USER[6]
5
USER[5]
4
USER[4]
3
USER[3]
2
USER[2]
1
USER[1]
0
USER[0]
The four USER registers can be used to store user data. The part does not use these registers for any internal
function. They are provided as convenient storage for user S/N, date of manufacture, etc.
46
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Copyright © 2011–2012, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links :bq76PL536A
bq76PL536A
www.ti.com
SLUSAD3A – JUNE 2011 – REVISED AUGUST 2012
PROGRAMMING THE EPROM CONFIGURATION REGISTERS
The bq76PL536A has a block of OTP-EPROM that is used for configuring the operation of the bq76PL536A.
Programming of the EPROM should take place during pack/system manufacturing. A 7-V (VPP) pulse is required
on the PROG pin. The part uses an internal window comparator to check the voltage, and times the internal
pulse delivered to the EPROM array.
The user first writes the desired values to all of the equivalent Group3 protected register addresses. The desired
data is written to the appropriate address by first applying 7 V to the LDOD1(2) pins. Programming then
performed by writing to the EE_EN register (address 0x3f) with data 0x91. After a time period > 1500 µs, the 7 V
is removed. Nominally, the voltage pulse should be applied for approximately 2–3 ms. Applying the voltage for an
extended period of time may lead to device damage. The write is self-timed internally after receipt of the
command. The following flow chart illustrates the procedure for programming.
No
Host writes data to Registers in USER
Block 0x40–0x47
Verify Data in 0x40–0x47
Enable Group3 Write:
Write: 0x35 to SHDW_CTRL (0x3a)
Copy EPROM back to Registers
Write 0x27 to SHDW_CTRL (0x3a)
Write data to Registers
Write: 0xnn to 0x4x
Read Register block
0x40–0x4b
ADDR++
ADDR > 0x4b?
Contents match
programmed value?
Yes
Yes
Apply 7 V to
LDOD1(2) pin
Nominal time
~ 2 ms to 3 ms
No
Verify ECC bits
Read DEVICE_STATUS [ECC_COR]
Read ALERT_STATUS [PARITY]
Read ALERT_STATUS [PARITY]
Host enables write to USER Block
Write: 0x91 to E_EN @0x3f
No
All == 0?
Remove 7 V from
LDOD1(2) pins
Yes
Programming complete
SUCCESS
FAIL
Figure 16. EPROM Programming
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Copyright © 2011–2012, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links :bq76PL536A
47
2-VSS
C84
.001uf 50V
CAP0603
7
TP5
6
5
4
3
3
4
5
6
CELL 10 +
CELL 9 +
CELL 8 +
CELL 7 +
6
7
CELL 1 +
CELL 1 -
TP1
4
5
3
CELL 4 +
CELL 3 +
2
CELL 5 +
CELL 2 +
1
CELL 6 +
P1
39502-1007_7-POS
1-VSS
C51
.001uf 50V
CAP0603
TP3
7
2
CELL 11 +
CELL 7 -
1
CELL 12 +
P2
39502-1007_7-POS
CELL 13 -
CELL 13 +
CELL 14 +
CELL 15 +
CELL 16 +
1
2
1-VSS
TP2
2-VSS
TP4
3-VSS
CAUTION
HIGH VOLTAGE
GROUND PLANE OF CIRCUIT 3
GROUND PLANE OF CIRCUIT 1
GROUND PLANE OF CIRCUIT 2
COMM PINS OF THE CHIP BELOW
TO JUST BELOW THE NORTH
UNDER THE SOUTH COMM LINES
EXTEND THE GROUND PLANE
GROUND PLANE OF CIRCUIT 2
3-CELL6
1-CELL0
1-CELL1
1-CELL2
1-CELL3
1-CELL4
1-CELL5
1-CELL6
1-VBAT
2-CELL0
2-CELL1
2-CELL2
2-CELL3
2-CELL4
2-CELL5
2-CELL6
2-VBAT
3-CELL0
3-CELL1
3-CELL2
3-CELL3
3-CELL4
3-CELL5
CELL6
3-VBAT
CELL0
CELL1
CELL2
CELL3
CELL4
CELL5
CONV_N
CELL6
CELL0
CELL1
CELL2
CELL3
CELL4
CELL5
CELL0
CELL1
CELL2
CELL3
CELL4
CELL5
CELL6
R81
1K
RES0603
3-VBAT
R143
R144
R145
1K
1K
1K
RES0603 RES0603 RES0603
CONV_S
R142
1K
RES0603
3-VBAT
BQ76PL536_CIRCUIT3
SHEET-4
3-VBAT
LOCATE R143, R144, R168, R176
CLOSE TO THE MOST NORTH IC
R146
1K
RES0603
R147
1K
RES0603
R148
R149
1K
1K
RES0603 RES0603
LOCATE R195, R196, R197, R199
CLOSE TO THE MOST NORTH IC
SHEET-3
BQ76PL536_CIRCUIT2
LOCATE R142, R175, R192, R193
CLOSE TO THE MOST SOUTH IC
DRDY_N
R82
R83
R84
1K
1K
1K
RES0603 RES0603 RES0603
DRDR_S
R85
1K
RES0603
R86
1K
RES0603
R91
R92
1K
1K
RES0603 RES0603
SHEET-2
BQ76PL536_CIRCUIT1
LOCATE R194, R198, R200, R201
CLOSE TO THE MOST SOUTH IC
DRDY_N
DRDY_S
CELL 18 +
DRDY_N
DRDY_S
3-DRDY_S
2-DRDY_N
2-DRDY_S
1-DRDY_N
1-CELL0
CELL 17 +
ALERT_N
ALERT_S
ALERT_N
VBAT
3-VBAT
3-ALERT_S
2-ALERT_N
2-ALERT_S
1-ALERT_N
3-VBAT
FAULT_N
FAULT_S
TP6
FAULT_N
FAULT_S
3-FAULT_S
2-FAULT_N
2-FAULT_S
1-FAULT_N
1-CELL0
P3
39502-1007_7-POS
SCLK_S
3-CONV_S
3-VBAT
2-SCLK_S
1-SCLK_N
1-CELL0
2-CONV_N
SCLK_N
SCLK_S
SCLK_S
SCLK_N
FAULT_S
FAULT_N
SDO_S
SD0_N
SD0_S
CONV_N
SDO_N
SDO_S
SDO_N
3-SCLK_S
SCLK_N
2-SCLK_N
3-SDO_S
2-SDO_N
2-SDO_S
1-SDO_N
1-CELL0
CONV_S
3-VBAT
3-CS_S
2-CS_N
2-CS_S
1-CS_N
2-CONV_S
CS_N
CS_S
CS_N
CS_S
CS_N
ALERT_S
ALERT_N
ALERT_S
1-CELL0
CONV_N
CONV_S
3-VBAT
3-SDI_S
2-SDI_N
2-SDI_S
1-SDI_N
1-CELL0
1-CONV_N
1-CELL0
SDI_N
SDI_S
SDI_N
SDI_S
SDI_N
Product Folder Links :bq76PL536A
SDI_S
Submit Documentation Feedback
CS_S
48
1-CELL0
FAULT
SPI-SS
SPI-SCLK
SPI-MOSI
SPI-MISO
CONV
DRDY
ALERT
1-SPI-SS
1-SPI-SCLK
1-SPI-MOSI
1-SPI-MISO
1-CONV/RX
1-DRDY/TX
1-ALERT
1-FAULT
E
2-VSS
1-VSS
2-VSS
C85
.0033uf 50V
CAP0603
C52
.0033uf 50V
CAP0603
3-VSS
R12
100
RES0603
R13
100
RES0603
R14
100
RES0603
R15
100
RES0603
CAUTION
HIGH VOLTAGE
1-VSS
FAULT
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
SCLK
CS
MOSI
MISO
GND
CONV
DRDY
ALERT
VSIG
1
3
2
P4
MTA100-HEADER-10PIN
DO NOT connect ground references from different IC's.
Only the ground reference CELL0 of circuit 1 is safe to
connect non-isolated test equipment grounds.
The ground (VSS) reference per circuit block is unique.
The most negative connection per block "CELL0" is the
ground (VSS) reference for each IC.
S001
NOTES:
INDIVIDUAL GROUND PLANES ARE NECESSARY FOR PROPER
NOISE REJECTION AND STABILITY OF THESE CIRCUITS
bq76PL536A
SLUSAD3A – JUNE 2011 – REVISED AUGUST 2012
www.ti.com
REFERENCE SCHEMATIC
Figure 17. Schematic (Page 1 of 4)
Copyright © 2011–2012, Texas Instruments Incorporated
CELL 1 +
1-VSS
[1] 1-CELL2
[1] 1-CELL1
CELL 2 +
[1,2]
[1] 1-CELL3
CELL 3 +
CELL 1 -
[1] 1-CELL5
[1] 1-CELL4
CELL 5 +
[1] 1-CELL6
CELL 4 +
CELL 6 +
C9
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
C19
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
C27
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
C37
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
C42
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
C48
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
Q7
FDN359AN
SOT-23
R9
47
RES2512
Q4
FDN359AN
SOT-23
Z1
5.1 VDC 500mW
Q2
SOD-123
FDN359AN
SOT-23
Z3
5.1 VDC 500mW
SOD-123
R24
47
RES2512
Z5
5.1 VDC 500mW
Q6
SOD-123
FDN359AN
SOT-23
R38
47
RES2512
Z7
5.1 VDC 500mW
SOD-123
R49
47
RES2512
Z9
5.1 VDC 500mW
Q8
SOD-123
FDN359AN
SOT-23
R69
47
RES2512
SOT-23
Z11
5.1 VDC 500mW
Q9
SOD-123
FDN359AN
R79
47
RES2512
Z2
5.1VDC
SOD-323
Z4
5.1VDC
SOD-323
Z6
5.1VDC
SOD-323
Z8
5.1VDC
SOD-323
Z10
5.1VDC
SOD-323
Z12
5.1VDC
SOD-323
R7
1M 1%
RES0603
R8
1.0K 1%
RES0603
C30
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
**
R18
1.0K 1%
RES0603
R21
1M 1%
RES0603
R22
1.0K 1%
RES0603
C32
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
**
R28
1.0K 1%
RES0603
R35
1M 1%
RES0603
R32
1.0K 1%
RES0603
** C33
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
R40
1.0K 1%
RES0603
R44
1M 1%
RES0603
R45
1.0K 1%
RES0603
** C38
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
R57
1.0K 1%
RES0603
R61
1M 1%
RES0603
R62
1.0K 1%
RES0603
** C40
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
R75
1.0K 1%
RES0603
R76
1M 1%
RES0603
R77
1.0K 1%
RES0603
** C41
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
R80
1.0K 1%
RES0603
1-VSS
1-VSS
1-VSS
1-VSS
1-VSS
1-VSS
1-VSS
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
63
64
VC0
CB1
VC1
CB2
VC2
CB3
VC3
CB4
VC4
CB5
VC5
CB6
VC6
BAT1
BAT2
1-VSS
C43 **
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
*
C113
33pF 50V
CAP0603
bq76PL536
U1
1-VSS
*
C105
33pF 50V
CAP0603
*
47
48
VREF
LDOD2
LDOD1
LDOA
AGND
16
46
18
17
15
C39 **
2.2uf 10V
CAP0805
C34 **
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
1-VSS
C24 **
2.2uf 10V
CAP0805
C25
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
1-LDOA
R50
0R0
RES0603
R27
1.47K 1%
RES0603
1-VSS
R124
10K 1%
B=3435K
NTC0603
R30
100
RES0603
R29
100K
RES0603
D1
LTW-C192TL2
White LED
1-VSS
Q5
2N7002LT1
SOT-23
R25
2.7K
RES0603
1-VSS
TP-VSS1
TP-VPROG1
1-LDOD
CAUTION
HIGH VOLTAGE
S002
[1]
1-SPI-MISO
[1]
1-SPI-MOSI
1-SPI-SCLK [1]
1-SPI-SS [1]
C23 **
10uf 10V
CAP1206
C7
DNP
CAP0603
R58
0R0
RES0603
T1
41
SDO_H
42
SDI_H
40
SCLK_H
43
CS_H
C6
DNP
CAP0603
R33
1.82K 1%
RES0603
R71
1.47K 1%
RES0603
R123
10K 1%
B=3435K
NTC0603
1-FAULT [1]
1-ALERT [1]
1-DRDY/TX [1]
1-CONV/RX [1]
45
C4
DNP
CAP0603
T2
R63
1.82K 1%
RES0603
C21
0.047uf 16V
CAP0603
THERMISTOR NTC 10K OHM 1% 0603
PANASONIC PART NUMBER # ERT-J1VG103FA
39
FAULT_H
38
ALERT_H
37
DRDY_H
36
CONV_H
GPIO
51
NC2
30
NC1
62
NC3
GPAI-
19
20
60
61
C46
0.047uf 16V
CAP0603
CAUTION
HIGH VOLTAGE
** - Locate these components
very close to bq76PL536 IC.
* - Typical value shown. Actual value depends on
number of IC's in stack, wiring, etc.
Consult applications guide for recommended values.
1-VSS
TS1-
TS1+
TS2-
TS2+
1-VSS
C26 **
2.2uf 10V
CAP0805
*
C108
33pF 50V
CAP0603
GPAI+
C47
33pF 50V
CAP0603
GROUND PLANE OF CIRCUIT 1
"Bottom" part connects
all _S pins to 1-VSS.
CONV_S
DRDY_S
ALERT_S
FAULT_S
21
22
23
24
1-CONV_S
1-DRDY_S
1-ALERT_S
1-FAULT_S
1-VBAT
[1]
1-CONV_N [1]
1-DRDY_N [1]
1-ALERT_N[1]
1-FAULT_N[1]
59
CONV_N
58
DRDY_N
57
ALERT_N
56
FAULT_N
GROUND PLANE OF CIRCUIT 2
50
TEST
44
HSEL
32
REG50
31
AUX
VSS6
VSS5
VSS4
VSS3
VSS2
VSS1
1-SCLK_N [1]
1-SDO_N [1]
1-SDI_N [1]
[1]
1-CS_N
55
SCLK_N
54
SDO_N
53
SDI_N
52
CS_N
SCLK_S
SDO_S
SDI_S
CS_S
26
27
28
29
1-SCLK_S
1-SDO_S
1-SDI_S
1-CS_S
TAB
Product Folder Links :bq76PL536A
49
35
34
33
25
14
Copyright © 2011–2012, Texas Instruments Incorporated
65
www.ti.com
SLUSAD3A – JUNE 2011 – REVISED AUGUST 2012
bq76PL536A
Figure 18. Schematic (Page 2 of 4)
Submit Documentation Feedback
49
[1,3]
CELL 1 -
2-VSS
[1] 2-CELL2
[1] 2-CELL1
[1] 2-CELL3
CELL 3 +
CELL 2 +
[1] 2-CELL4
CELL 1 +
[1] 2-CELL5
CELL 5 +
[1] 2-CELL6
CELL 4 +
CELL 6 +
Q14
FDN359AN
SOT-23
Z14
5.1 VDC 500mW
Q10
SOD-123
FDN359AN
SOT-23
R98
47
RES2512
Q11
FDN359AN
SOT-23
R104
47
RES2512
Z18
5.1 VDC 500mW
Q13
SOD-123
FDN359AN
SOT-23
R114
47
RES2512
Z20
5.1 VDC 500mW
SOD-123
R121
47
RES2512
Z22
5.1 VDC 500mW
Q15
SOD-123
FDN359AN
SOT-23
Z16
5.1 VDC 500mW
SOD-123
C54
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
C58
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
C65
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
C72
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
Q16
FDN359AN
SOT-23
R132
47
RES2512
Z24
5.1 VDC 500mW
SOD-123
C76
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
C81
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
R139
47
RES2512
Z15
5.1VDC
SOD-323
Z17
5.1VDC
SOD-323
Z19
5.1VDC
SOD-323
Z21
5.1VDC
SOD-323
Z23
5.1VDC
SOD-323
Z25
5.1VDC
SOD-323
R94
1M 1%
RES0603
R95
1.0K 1%
RES0603
** C66
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
R99
1.0K 1%
RES0603
R100
1M 1%
RES0603
R101
1.0K 1%
RES0603
** C67
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
R109
1.0K 1%
RES0603
R110
1M 1%
RES0603
R111
1.0K 1%
RES0603
** C68
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
R117
1.0K 1%
RES0603
R119
1M 1%
RES0603
R120
1.0K 1%
RES0603
** C70
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
R128
1.0K 1%
RES0603
R129
1M 1%
RES0603
R130
1.0K 1%
RES0603
** C73
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
R135
1.0K 1%
RES0603
R136
1M 1%
RES0603
R137
1.0K 1%
RES0603
** C74
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
R140
1.0K 1%
RES0603
2-VSS
2-VSS
2-VSS
2-VSS
2-VSS
2-VSS
2-VSS
*
VC0
CB1
VC1
CB2
VC2
CB3
VC3
CB4
VC4
CB5
VC5
CB6
VC6
BAT1
BAT2
2-VSS
C56 *
1nF 50V
CAP0603
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
63
64
2-VSS
C75**
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
C82
33pF 50V
CAP0603
C57*
33pF 50V
CAP0603
45
2-VSS
EXTEND THE GROUND PLANE
UNDER THE SOUTH COMM LINES
COMM PINS OF THE CHIP BELOW
TP-VSS2
2-VSS
R106
100
RES0603
R105
100K
RES0603
D4
LTW-C192TL2
White LED
CAUTION
HIGH VOLTAGE
* - Typical value shown. Actual value depends on
number of IC's in stack, wiring, etc.
Consult applications guide for recommended values.
R103
1.47K 1%
RES0603
R158
10K 1%
B=3435K
NTC0603
2-VSS
S003
Q12
2N7002LT1
SOT-23
R102
2.7K
RES0603
SLUSAD3A – JUNE 2011 – REVISED AUGUST 2012
TO JUST BELOW THE NORTH
2-LDOD
2-LDOA[3]
R1
0R0
RES0603
TP-VPROG2
2-VSS
C62
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
T1
R3
0R0
RES0603
R157
10K 1%
B=3435K
NTC0603
R134
1.47K 1%
RES0603
C11
DNP
CAP0603
R107
1.82K 1%
RES0603
C61**
2.2uf 10V
CAP0805
C10
DNP
CAP0603
T2
R131
1.82K 1%
RES0603
C59
0.047uf 16V
CAP0603
2-VSS
C69 **
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
C60**
10uf 10V
CAP1206
C8
DNP
CAP0603
C78
0.047uf 16V
CAP0603
THERMISTOR NTC 10K OHM 1% 0603
PANASONIC PART NUMBER # ERT-J1VG103FA
** - Locate these components
very close to bq76PL536 IC.
CAUTION
HIGH VOLTAGE
C71**
2.2uf 10V
CAP0805
C53*
1nF 50V
CAP0603
46
18
17
15
16
2-VSS
LDOD2
LDOD1
LDOA
AGND
VREF
41
SDO_H
42
SDI_H
40
SCLK_H
43
CS_H
C55*
33pF 50V
CAP0603
2-VSS
GPIO
39
FAULT_H
38
ALERT_H
37
DRDY_H
36
CONV_H
GROUND PLANE OF CIRCUIT 2
2-VSS
bq76PL536
U2
47
48
19
20
60
61
2-VSS
C63**
2.2uf 10V
CAP0805
C79*
33pF 50V
CAP0603
51
NC2
30
NC1
62
NC3
GPAI-
GPAI+
TS1-
TS1+
TS2-
TS2+
C80*
33pF 50V
CAP0603
2-LDOD[3]
2-VSS
C83 *
33pF 50V
CAP0603
RES0603
2-VBAT
[1]
GROUND PLANE OF CIRCUIT 3
R115
100K
50
TEST
44
HSEL
32
REG50
2-CONV_N [1]
2-DRDY_N [1]
2-ALERT_N[1]
2-FAULT_N [1]
59
CONV_N
58
DRDY_N
57
ALERT_N
56
FAULT_N
CONV_S
DRDY_S
ALERT_S
FAULT_S
21
22
23
24
[1] 2-CONV_S
[1] 2-DRDY_S
[1] 2-ALERT_S
[1] 2-FAULT_S
31
AUX
VSS6
VSS5
VSS4
VSS3
VSS2
VSS1
2-SCLK_N [1]
2-SDO_N [1]
2-SDI_N [1]
2-CS_N
[1]
55
SCLK_N
54
SDO_N
53
SDI_N
52
CS_N
SCLK_S
SDO_S
SDI_S
CS_S
26
27
28
29
[1] 2-SCLK_S
[1] 2-SDO_S
[1]
2-SDI_S
[1]
2-CS_S
TAB
Product Folder Links :bq76PL536A
49
35
34
33
25
14
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65
50
GROUND PLANE OF CIRCUIT 2
bq76PL536A
www.ti.com
Figure 19. Schematic (Page 3 of 4)
Copyright © 2011–2012, Texas Instruments Incorporated
[1] 3-CELL2
[1] 3-CELL1
[1,4]
CELL 2 +
CELL 1 +
CELL 1 -
3-VSS
[1] 3-CELL3
[1] 3-CELL5
[1] 3-CELL4
CELL 5 +
CELL 4 +
CELL 3 +
[1] 3-CELL6
CELL 6 +
C86
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
C87
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
C94
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
C101
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
C109
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
C114
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
R177
47
RES2512
Q21
FDN359AN
SOT-23
Z27
5.1 VDC 500mW
Q17
SOD-123
FDN359AN
SOT-23
R155
47
RES2512
Z29
5.1 VDC 500mW
Q18
SOD-123
FDN359AN
SOT-23
R167
47
RES2512
Z31
5.1 VDC 500mW
Q20
SOD-123
FDN359AN
SOT-23
Z33
5.1 VDC 500mW
SOD-123
R183
47
RES2512
Z35
5.1 VDC 500mW
Q22
SOD-123
FDN359AN
SOT-23
R193
47
RES2512
Q23
FDN359AN
SOT-23
Z37
5.1 VDC 500mW
SOD-123
R199
47
RES2512
Z28
5.1VDC
SOD-323
Z30
5.1VDC
SOD-323
Z32
5.1VDC
SOD-323
Z34
5.1VDC
SOD-323
Z36
5.1VDC
SOD-323
Z39
5.1VDC
SOD-323
R152
1M 1%
RES0603
R153
1.0K 1%
RES0603
** C95
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
R162
1M 1%
RES0603
R160
1.0K 1%
RES0603
R163
1.0K 1%
RES0603
** C96
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
R170
1.0K 1%
RES0603
R173
1M 1%
RES0603
R174
1.0K 1%
RES0603
** C97
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
R179
1.0K 1%
RES0603
R180
1M 1%
RES0603
R181
1.0K 1%
RES0603
** C99
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
R185
1.0K 1%
RES0603
R186
1M 1%
RES0603
R187
1.0K 1%
RES0603
** C102
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
R196
1.0K 1%
RES0603
R197
1M 1%
RES0603
R198
1.0K 1%
RES0603
** C103
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
3-VSS
3-VSS
3-VSS
3-VSS
3-VSS
3-VSS
*
3-VSS
C2
1nF 50V
CAP0603
VC0
CB1
VC1
CB2
VC2
CB3
VC3
CB4
VC4
CB5
VC5
CB6
VC6
BAT1
BAT2
3-VSS
CAUTION
HIGH VOLTAGE
3-VSS
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
63
64
C104**
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
3-VSS
bq76PL536
U3
3-VSS
GPIO
45
*
3-VSS
EXTEND THE GROUND PLANE
UNDER THE SOUTH COMM LINES
COMM PINS OF THE CHIP BELOW
TO JUST BELOW THE NORTH
3-VSS
TP-VSS3
TP-VPROG3
3-LDOD
3-LDOA [4]
R4
0R0
RES0603
R165
1.47K 1%
RES0603
3-VSS
R192
10K 1%
B=3435K
NTC0603
R169
100
RES0603
R168
100K
RES0603
* - Typical value shown. Actual value depends on
number of IC's in stack, wiring, etc.
Consult applications guide for recommended values.
C91
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
T1
R5
0R0
RES0603
R191
10K 1%
B=3435K
NTC0603
R194
1.47K 1%
RES0603
C14
DNP
CAP0603
R171
1.82K 1%
RES0603
C90 **
2.2uf 10V
CAP0805
3-VSS
T2
** - Locate these components
very close to bq76PL536 IC.
THERMISTOR NTC 10K OHM 1% 0603
PANASONIC PART NUMBER # ERT-J1VG103FA
R188
1.82K 1%
RES0603
C88
0.047uf 16V
CAP0603
C13
DNP
CAP0603
C98 **
0.1uf 50V
CAP0603
C89 **
10uf 10V
CAP1206
C12
DNP
CAP0603
C111
0.047uf 16V
CAP0603
C100 **
2.2uf 10V
CAP0805
C3
1nF 50V
CAP0603
46
18
17
15
16
3-VSS
LDOD2
LDOD1
LDOA
AGND
VREF
41
SDO_H
42
SDI_H
40
SCLK_H
43
CS_H
39
FAULT_H
38
ALERT_H
37
DRDY_H
36
CONV_H
C1
33pF 50V
CAP0603
*
47
48
19
20
60
61
51
NC2
30
NC1
62
NC3
GPAI-
GPAI+
TS1-
TS1+
TS2-
TS2+
3-VSS
C92 **
2.2uf 10V
CAP0805
GROUND PLANE OF CIRCUIT 3
3-VSS
C5
33pF 50V
CAP0603
*
3-LDOD[4]
R178
100K
RES0603
3-REG50
CAUTION
HIGH VOLTAGE
"Top" part connects
all _N pins to CELL6 of U3
3-CONV_N
3-DRDY_N
3-ALERT_N
3-FAULT_N
59
CONV_N
58
DRDY_N
57
ALERT_N
56
FAULT_N
CONV_S
DRDY_S
ALERT_S
FAULT_S
21
22
23
24
[1] 3-CONV_S
[1] 3-DRDY_S
[1] 3-ALERT_S
[1] 3-FAULT_S
R208
1.0K 1%
RES0603
50
TEST
44
HSEL
32
REG50
3-VBAT
[1]
3-SCLK_N
3-SDO_N
3-SDI_N
3-CS_N
55
SCLK_N
54
SDO_N
53
SDI_N
52
CS_N
SCLK_S
SDO_S
SDI_S
CS_S
26
27
28
29
3-SCLK_S
3-SDO_S
3-SDI_S
3-CS_S
TAB
31
AUX
VSS6
VSS5
VSS4
VSS3
VSS2
VSS1
49
35
34
33
25
14
Product Folder Links :bq76PL536A
65
Copyright © 2011–2012, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Submit Documentation Feedback
[1]
[1]
[1]
[1]
D5
LTW-C192TL2
White LED
3-VSS
S004
Q19
2N7002LT1
SOT-23
R164
2.7K
RES0603
www.ti.com
SLUSAD3A – JUNE 2011 – REVISED AUGUST 2012
bq76PL536A
Figure 20. Schematic (Page 4 of 4)
Full-size reference schematics are available from TI on request.
51
bq76PL536A
SLUSAD3A – JUNE 2011 – REVISED AUGUST 2012
www.ti.com
Changes and Enhancements for bq76PL536A
•
•
•
•
•
•
Improved power management during CRC faults – Configuration bit IO_CONFIG[CRCNOFLT] (bit7) was
added to disable CRC fault from asserting the FAULT pin. This feature is useful under very low-power
operating conditions.
ADC accuracy improvements – The conversion timing is now fixed at 6 µs, offering improved accuracy over
the original bq76PL536.
Improved ADC automatic mode functionality, allowing optimized and fully automatic internal power
management (ADC_CTRL[ADC_ON] = 0) during normal operation at sample rates (time between
conversions) > 10 ms.
Pin DRDY logic now indicates conversion status of all devices in the system.
Improved VBUS communications reduce noise, enhance drive levels and hysteresis to improve battery stack
communications, and eliminate eight external components or more. Support for longer distances between ICs
and/or higher speeds for implementing large battery stack sizes.
Improved flowchart for device addressing provided in data sheet.
Spacer
REVISION HISTORY
Changes from Revision Original (June 2011) to Revision A
•
52
Page
Changed the pinout image to remove the device number and package type ...................................................................... 4
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2011–2012, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links :bq76PL536A
PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM
www.ti.com
11-Apr-2013
PACKAGING INFORMATION
Orderable Device
Status
(1)
Package Type Package Pins Package
Drawing
Qty
Eco Plan
Lead/Ball Finish
(2)
MSL Peak Temp
Op Temp (°C)
Top-Side Markings
(3)
(4)
BQ76PL536APAPR
ACTIVE
HTQFP
PAP
64
1000
Green (RoHS
& no Sb/Br)
CU NIPDAU
Level-3-260C-168 HR
-40 to 85
BQ76PL536A
BQ76PL536APAPT
ACTIVE
HTQFP
PAP
64
250
Green (RoHS
& no Sb/Br)
CU NIPDAU
Level-3-260C-168 HR
-40 to 85
BQ76PL536A
(1)
The marketing status values are defined as follows:
ACTIVE: Product device recommended for new designs.
LIFEBUY: TI has announced that the device will be discontinued, and a lifetime-buy period is in effect.
NRND: Not recommended for new designs. Device is in production to support existing customers, but TI does not recommend using this part in a new design.
PREVIEW: Device has been announced but is not in production. Samples may or may not be available.
OBSOLETE: TI has discontinued the production of the device.
(2)
Eco Plan - The planned eco-friendly classification: Pb-Free (RoHS), Pb-Free (RoHS Exempt), or Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) - please check http://www.ti.com/productcontent for the latest availability
information and additional product content details.
TBD: The Pb-Free/Green conversion plan has not been defined.
Pb-Free (RoHS): TI's terms "Lead-Free" or "Pb-Free" mean semiconductor products that are compatible with the current RoHS requirements for all 6 substances, including the requirement that
lead not exceed 0.1% by weight in homogeneous materials. Where designed to be soldered at high temperatures, TI Pb-Free products are suitable for use in specified lead-free processes.
Pb-Free (RoHS Exempt): This component has a RoHS exemption for either 1) lead-based flip-chip solder bumps used between the die and package, or 2) lead-based die adhesive used between
the die and leadframe. The component is otherwise considered Pb-Free (RoHS compatible) as defined above.
Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br): TI defines "Green" to mean Pb-Free (RoHS compatible), and free of Bromine (Br) and Antimony (Sb) based flame retardants (Br or Sb do not exceed 0.1% by weight
in homogeneous material)
(3)
MSL, Peak Temp. -- The Moisture Sensitivity Level rating according to the JEDEC industry standard classifications, and peak solder temperature.
(4)
Multiple Top-Side Markings will be inside parentheses. Only one Top-Side Marking contained in parentheses and separated by a "~" will appear on a device. If a line is indented then it is a
continuation of the previous line and the two combined represent the entire Top-Side Marking for that device.
Important Information and Disclaimer:The information provided on this page represents TI's knowledge and belief as of the date that it is provided. TI bases its knowledge and belief on information
provided by third parties, and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of such information. Efforts are underway to better integrate information from third parties. TI has taken and
continues to take reasonable steps to provide representative and accurate information but may not have conducted destructive testing or chemical analysis on incoming materials and chemicals.
TI and TI suppliers consider certain information to be proprietary, and thus CAS numbers and other limited information may not be available for release.
In no event shall TI's liability arising out of such information exceed the total purchase price of the TI part(s) at issue in this document sold by TI to Customer on an annual basis.
OTHER QUALIFIED VERSIONS OF BQ76PL536A :
Addendum-Page 1
Samples
PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM
www.ti.com
11-Apr-2013
• Automotive: BQ76PL536A-Q1
NOTE: Qualified Version Definitions:
• Automotive - Q100 devices qualified for high-reliability automotive applications targeting zero defects
Addendum-Page 2
PACKAGE MATERIALS INFORMATION
www.ti.com
26-Jan-2013
TAPE AND REEL INFORMATION
*All dimensions are nominal
Device
Package Package Pins
Type Drawing
SPQ
Reel
Reel
A0
Diameter Width (mm)
(mm) W1 (mm)
B0
(mm)
K0
(mm)
P1
(mm)
W
Pin1
(mm) Quadrant
BQ76PL536APAPR
HTQFP
PAP
64
1000
330.0
24.4
13.0
13.0
1.5
16.0
24.0
Q2
BQ76PL536APAPT
HTQFP
PAP
64
250
330.0
24.4
13.0
13.0
1.5
16.0
24.0
Q2
Pack Materials-Page 1
PACKAGE MATERIALS INFORMATION
www.ti.com
26-Jan-2013
*All dimensions are nominal
Device
Package Type
Package Drawing
Pins
SPQ
Length (mm)
Width (mm)
Height (mm)
BQ76PL536APAPR
HTQFP
PAP
64
1000
367.0
367.0
45.0
BQ76PL536APAPT
HTQFP
PAP
64
250
367.0
367.0
45.0
Pack Materials-Page 2
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