TC652 Fan Control Demo Board User’s Guide 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. DS21506B Note the following details of the code protection feature on Microchip devices: • Microchip products meet the specification contained in their particular Microchip Data Sheet. • Microchip believes that its family of products is one of the most secure families of its kind on the market today, when used in the intended manner and under normal conditions. • There are dishonest and possibly illegal methods used to breach the code protection feature. All of these methods, to our knowledge, require using the Microchip products in a manner outside the operating specifications contained in Microchip's Data Sheets. Most likely, the person doing so is engaged in theft of intellectual property. • Microchip is willing to work with the customer who is concerned about the integrity of their code. • Neither Microchip nor any other semiconductor manufacturer can guarantee the security of their code. Code protection does not mean that we are guaranteeing the product as “unbreakable.” Code protection is constantly evolving. We at Microchip are committed to continuously improving the code protection features of our products. Information contained in this publication regarding device applications and the like is intended through suggestion only and may be superseded by updates. It is your responsibility to ensure that your application meets with your specifications. No representation or warranty is given and no liability is assumed by Microchip Technology Incorporated with respect to the accuracy or use of such information, or infringement of patents or other intellectual property rights arising from such use or otherwise. Use of Microchip’s products as critical components in life support systems is not authorized except with express written approval by Microchip. No licenses are conveyed, implicitly or otherwise, under any intellectual property rights. Trademarks The Microchip name and logo, the Microchip logo, KEELOQ, MPLAB, PIC, PICmicro, PICSTART and PRO MATE are registered trademarks of Microchip Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. and other countries. FilterLab, microID, MXDEV, MXLAB, PICMASTER, SEEVAL and The Embedded Control Solutions Company are registered trademarks of Microchip Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. dsPIC, dsPICDEM.net, ECONOMONITOR, FanSense, FlexROM, fuzzyLAB, In-Circuit Serial Programming, ICSP, ICEPIC, microPort, Migratable Memory, MPASM, MPLIB, MPLINK, MPSIM, PICC, PICDEM, PICDEM.net, rfPIC, Select Mode and Total Endurance are trademarks of Microchip Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. and other countries. Serialized Quick Turn Programming (SQTP) is a service mark of Microchip Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. All other trademarks mentioned herein are property of their respective companies. © 2002, Microchip Technology Incorporated, Printed in the U.S.A., All Rights Reserved. Printed on recycled paper. Microchip received QS-9000 quality system certification for its worldwide headquarters, design and wafer fabrication facilities in Chandler and Tempe, Arizona in July 1999 and Mountain View, California in March 2002. The Company’s quality system processes and procedures are QS-9000 compliant for its PICmicro® 8-bit MCUs, KEELOQ® code hopping devices, Serial EEPROMs, microperipherals, non-volatile memory and analog products. In addition, Microchip’s quality system for the design and manufacture of development systems is ISO 9001 certified. DS21506B - page ii 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. TC652 Fan Control Demo Board User’s Guide Table of Contents Chapter 1. General Information 1.1 Introduction ..................................................................................... 1 1.2 TC652 Fan Control Demo Board .................................................... 2 1.3 Reference Documents .................................................................... 3 Chapter 2. Getting Started 2.1 TC652 Functional Description ........................................................ 5 2.2 Typical Module Configurations ....................................................... 6 Appendix A. Board Layout A.1 Introduction ..................................................................................... 9 A.2 Board Layout and Schematics ........................................................ 9 A.3 Demo Board Components ............................................................ 10 Worldwide Sales and Service ............................................................................. 12 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. DS21506B-page iii TC652 Fan Control Demo Board User’s Guide NOTES: DS21506B-page iv 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. TC652 Fan Control Demo Board User’s Guide Chapter 1. General Information 1.1 INTRODUCTION Thank you for purchasing the TC652 Fan Control Demo Board from Microchip Technology Inc. The Fan Control Demo Board is an evaluation tool that allows the user to quickly prototype fan control circuits based on Microchip’s TC652 or TC653 pulse width modulation (PWM) Fan Control ICs. A logic level MOSFET drive device allows the Fan Control Demo Board to be used with virtually any brushless DC fan. A red LED status indicator gives a visual indication of a fan fault condition (open stator or blocked rotor). A green LED status indicator gives a visual indication of an over temperature alert (temperature is approximately 10°C higher than the high temperature limit). The TC652 Fan Control Demo Board has the following features: 1. Complete implementation of TC652 or TC653 fan control circuitry on a 1.0" x 1.2" board. 2. Temperature proportional fan speed control. 3. Over temperature alert. 4. Installs directly into user's end equipment. 5. Speeds up prototyping, system development and system thermal characterization. 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. DS21506B-page 1 TC652 Fan Control Demo Board User’s Guide 1.2 TC652 FAN CONTROL DEMO BOARD The TC652 Fan Control Board (Figure 1-1) measures only 1.0 inch x 1.2 inch, allowing direct installation to the user’s end equipment for system evaluation. An external 2.8V to 5.5V power supply is required for the operation of the TC652. The TC652 Demo Board is equipped with the following components: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 1 µF, 1206 Chip Capacitor. 1 kΩ, 1206 Chip Resistor (R1). 1 kΩ, 1206 Chip Resistor (R2). 4.5 mA Miniature Red LED. 4.5 mA Miniature Green LED. Logic Level MOSFET (Q1). 4.7Ω Leaded Resistor (RSENSE). 0.01 µF, 1206 Chip Capacitor (CSENSE). TC652AEVUA Fan Control IC. If any component is damaged or missing, please contact your nearest Microchip sales office listed on the back of this publication. FIGURE 1-1: DS21506B-page 2 The TC652 Fan Control Demo Board 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. General Information 1.3 REFERENCE DOCUMENTS Other Reference Documents may be obtained by contacting your nearest Microchip sales office (listed on the back of this document) or by downloading via the Microchip website (www.microchip.com). • Technical Library CD-ROM, (DS00161), or individual data sheet: - TC652/TC653 Data Sheet, (DS21450) • Analog & Interface Families Data Book 2002, (DS00207) • 2002 Technical Documentation Analog & Interface Product Families CD-ROM, (DS51205) • Suppressing Acoustic Noise in Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) Fan Speed Control Systems Application Note, (AN771) • Speed Error in Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) Fan Control Systems Application Note, (AN772) • TC65X Fan Speed Controller Family Sell Sheet, (DS21625) • TC650DEMO and TC652DEMO, Fan Controller Boards for the TC65X PWM Fan Control ICs Sell Sheet, (DS51254) 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. DS21506B-page 3 TC652 Fan Control Demo Board User’s Guide NOTES: DS21506B-page 4 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. TC652 Fan Control Demo Board User’s Guide Chapter 2. Getting Started This chapter describes the TC652 Demo Board’s configuration and how it functions. It also provides information on typical fan demo board operating configurations for fan applications. The board is equipped with a TC652AEVUA device, which features a minimum temperature limit (TL) of 25°C (40% duty cycle) and a maximum temperature limit (TH) of 45°C (100% duty cycle). 2.1 TC652 FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION 2.1.1 PWM Output The pulse width modulation (PWM) pin is designed to drive a low cost transistor or MOSFET as the low side power switching element in the system. A 2N2222 type, small signal (BJT) can be used for fans up to 300 mA. For larger current fans (up to 1 amp), a logic-level N-channel MOSFET must be used. Since the system relies on pulse width modulation, rather than linear power control, the dissipation in the power switch is kept to a minimum. Generally, very small devices, such as the TO-92 or SOT, will suffice. Test Point TP1 can be connected to an oscilloscope for observing PWM output characteristics. 2.1.2 SHDN The fan can be unconditionally shut down by pulling the SHDN pin low. This function can be implemented by removing jumper JP1, and then grounding pin 3. For details see Figure A-2, in the Appendix A section. 2.1.3 FAULT During normal fan operation, commutation occurs as each pole of the fan is energized. This causes brief interruptions in the fan current, seen as pulses across the sense resistor R3. If the device is not in shutdown or auto-shutdown (TC653), and pulses are not appearing at the SENSE input, a fault exists. In this case, the LED1 light turns on to indicate the fan failure. 2.1.4 SENSE Input The sense network, comprised by RSENSE and CSENSE, allows the TC652/TC653 to detect and monitor commutation of the fan motor (and therefore fan operation). A 0.01 µF capacitor is recommended for CSENSE (C2). The TC652 Demo Board is populated with a 4.7Ω current sense resistor (RSENSE). This resistor value should be scaled based on the current rating of the fan. This resistor is socketed on the demo board to allow for easy value changes (see Table 2-1 for resistor value selections). 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. DS21506B-page 5 TC652 Fan Control Demo Board User’s Guide Table 2-1 lists various resistor value selections for RSENSE vs. Fan Current. TABLE 2-1: RSENSE VS. FAN CURRENT RSENSE (Ω) Nominal Fan Current (mA) 50 mA 9.1 100 mA 4.7 150 mA 3.0 200 mA 2.4 250 mA 2.0 300 mA 1.8 350 mA 1.5 400 mA 1.3 450 mA 1.2 500 mA 1.0 2.1.5 Over-Temperature Alert The TC652/TC653 devices include an on-chip, over temperature alarm signal (TOVER) that goes low when the temperature of the chip exceeds TH by 10ºC (typical). When the junction temperature rises to approximately 55°C ( = TH +10°C = 45°C + 10°C), the TOVER signal is asserted and the green LED light turns on. 2.2 TYPICAL MODULE CONFIGURATIONS The TC652/TC653 are designed to drive an external transistor or MOSFET for modulating power to the fan. The pulse width modulation (PWM) pin has a minimum source current of 5 mA and a minimum sink current of 1 mA. Bipolar transistors or MOSFETs may be used as the power switching element. Table 2-2 lists the suggested output drive device vs. fan motor currents. See Figure 2-1 for output driver configuration options. TABLE 2-2: SUGGESTED OUTPUT DRIVE DEVICE VS. FAN MOTOR CURRENT Logic MOSFET (Q1 Standard) Bipolar Transistor (Optional) 100 mA — X 200 mA X X 300 mA X X 400 mA X — 500 mA X — 600 mA X — 700 mA X — 800 mA X — 900 mA X — 1A X — Full Speed Fan Motor Current DS21506B-page 6 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. Getting Started VDD VDD Fan Fan RBASE VOUT Q1 Q1 VOUT RSENSE FIGURE 2-1: 2.2.1 RSENSE GND GND a) Single Bipolar Transistor b) N-Channel MOSFET Output Driver Configuration Options Using Logic Level MOSFETs The TC652 Board is equipped with a logic level MOSFET (Si2302). Using this type of drive device results in low system voltage losses and reduced output loading on the TC652/TC653. The low RDS(ON) of this MOSFET (0.085Ω) enables it to be used in high current fan applications (>200 mA). Table 2-3 lists examples of MOSFETs that can be utilized for Q1. TABLE 2-3: MOSFETS FOR Q1 Device VDS (V) VGS(TH) (V) ID (A) RDS(ON) (Ω) Si2302 20 1.5 2.8 0.085 Si4410 30 3.0 8 0.02 MGSF1N02E 20 1.5 0.75 0.10 2.2.2 Using Bipolar Driver Transistors Fan motors of 50 mA to 300 mA can be driven using a single bipolar transistor. The main requirement for this transistor is that it have a minimum hFE of 50. This will ensure that the minimum PWM output current of the TC652/TC653 device is enough to saturate the transistor for the given fan current range. A 2N2222A is a good choice. A base current limiting resistor is required with bipolar transistors. The correct value for this resistor can be determined as follows: EQUATION: RBASE = 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. VOH – VBE(SAT) IR(BASE) DS21506B-page 7 TC652 Fan Control Demo Board User’s Guide Table 2-4 lists suggested Bipolar transistors for Q1. TABLE 2-4: BIPOLAR TRANSISTORS FOR Q1 (VDD = 5.0V, IBASE = 5 mA) VCE(SAT) (mV) hFE VBR(CEO) (V) IC (mA) RBASE (Ω) MPS2222 100 30 30 150 800 MPS2222A 100 30 40 150 800 2N4400 150 20 40 100 820 2N4401 150 20 40 100 820 MPS6601 180 50 25 250 780 MPS6602 180 50 40 250 780 Device Note: 2.2.3 The values that are listed in the table represent typical values for TA = 25°C. System Connection for +5V Operation Figure 2-2 shows typical wiring connections to the Fan Control Demo Board. The fan operating voltage is +12V, while the Fan Control Board operates from a supply voltage of +5V. TC652DEMO Power Supply +5V GND +12V VDD Fan GND TC652 Connector GNDFAN VFAN Fan FIGURE 2-2: Note: DS21506B-page 8 Typical Wiring Connections to Fan Module for 12V Fan and 5V Demo Board Supply The grounds for the 12V fan supply and the 5V VDD supply should be tied together at the power supply. 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. TC652 Fan Control Demo Board User’s Guide Appendix A. Board Layout A.1 INTRODUCTION This appendix contains general information concerning the layout, schematics and components for the TC652 Demo Board. A.2 BOARD LAYOUT AND SCHEMATICS Figure A-1 depicts the top and bottom layers of the TC652 board. Figure A-2 shows a functional block diagram for the TC652 Demo Board. R1 +5V VFAN FAN TP1 D1 JP1 C1 R2 Q1 R3 U1 D2 C2 TC652 (Top Layer) FIGURE A-1: TC652 (Bottom Layer) TC652 Demo Board, Top and Bottom Layer 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. DS21506B-page 9 TC652 Fan Control Demo Board User’s Guide VDD + C1 1 µF R1 1 kΩ Fan Fault LED (Red) D1 1 VDD VFAN TC652/TC653 U1 2 FAULT + – Test Point (TP1) 8 Q1 Si2302 PWM GND 7 D2 Shutdown Input 3 SHDN TOVER TOVER LED (Green) 6 JP1 4 GND SENSE 5 C2 0.01 µF R3 4.7Ω (Default) FIGURE A-2: A.3 R2 1 kΩ User selectable TC652 Demo Board Functional Block Diagram DEMO BOARD COMPONENTS Table A-1 lists the various components and values associated with the TC652 demonstration board. TABLE A-1: FAN CONTROL DEMO BOARD COMPONENTS AND VALUES Component Typical Value Comments C1 1 µF, 1206 chip capacitor Power supply filter. C2 0.01 µF, 1206 chip capacitor SENSE input coupling capacitor. D1 4.5 mA miniature red LED D1 lights when FAULT output is LOW (active). D2 4.5 mA miniature green LED D2 lights when TOVER output is LOW (active). Q1 Logic Level MOSFET Transistor output option. A logic level MOSFET (Si2302) is used on the TC652 to accommodate various types of fans. The output drive device can also be an NPN transistor, depending on cost constraints and fan current. R1 1 kΩ, 1206 chip resistor D1 (red LED) current limiting resistor. R2 1 kΩ, 1206 chip resistor D2 (green LED) current limiting resistor. R3 4.7Ω leaded resistor Fan current sensing resistor. Value depends on full speed fan current. Typical values appear in Table 2-1. U1 TC652AEVUA; low temperature limit: TL 25°C, high temperature limit: TH 45°C TC652 or TC653 fan control IC. DS21506B-page 10 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. Board Layout NOTES: 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. 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