TC125/TC126 PFM Step-Up DC/DC Regulators Features General Description • Assured Start-up at 0.9V • PFM (100kHz Max Operating Frequency) • 40µA Maximum Supply Current (VOUT = 3V @ 30mA) • 0.5µA Shutdown Mode (TC125) • Voltage Sense Input (TC126) • Requires Only Three External Components • 80mA Maximum Output Current • Small Package: 5-Pin SOT-23A The TC125/126 step-up (Boost) switching regulators furnish output currents to a maximum of 80mA (VIN = 2V, VOUT = 3V) with typical efficiencies above 80%. These devices employ pulse frequency modulation (PFM) for minimum supply current at low loads. They are ideal for battery-operated applications powered from one or more cells. Maximum supply current is less than 70µA at full output load, and less than 5µA in standby (VOUT = 3V). Both devices require only an external inductor, diode, and capacitor to implement a complete DC/DC regulator. Applications The TC126 has separate output voltage sensing and chip power inputs for greater application flexibility. The TC125 combines the output voltage sensing and chip power inputs onto a single package pin, but adds a power-saving shutdown mode that suspends regulator operation and reduces supply current to less than 0.5µA when the shutdown control input (SHDN) is low. • • • • Palmtops/PDAs Battery-Operated Systems Cameras Portable Communicators Device Selection Table Part Number Output Voltage (V)* Package Operating Temp. Range TC125501ECT 5.0 5-Pin SOT-23A -40°C to +85°C -40°C to +85°C TC125331ECT 3.3 5-Pin SOT-23A TC125301ECT 3.0 5-Pin SOT-23A -40°C to +85°C TC126503ECT 5.0 5-Pin SOT-23A -40°C to +85°C TC126333ECT 3.3 5-Pin SOT-23A -40°C to +85°C TC126303ECT 3.0 5-Pin SOT-23A -40°C to +85°C The TC125/TC126 are available in a small 5-Pin SOT-23A package, occupy minimum board space and use small external components. The TC125 accepts input voltages from 2V to 10V. The TC126 accepts input voltages from 2.2V to 10V. Both the TC125 and TC126 have a start-up voltage of 0.9V at light load. Typical Application Sumida 100µH CD54 VOUT 5V @80mA MA735 VIN + *Other output voltages are available. Please contact Microchip Technology Inc. for details. 5 4 LX GND – 47µF/16V Tantalum + 2 x "AA" Cell Package Type 5-Pin SOT-23A LX GND LX GND 5 4 5 4 TC125 3V SHDN PS NC 1 2 3 Two Cell to 5V Boost Regulator TC126 TC125 1 2 3 1 2 3 SHDN PS NC SENSE VDD NC NOTE: 5-Pin SOT-23A is equivalent to the EIAJ SC-74A 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. DS21372B-page 1 TC125/TC126 1.0 ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS *Stresses above those listed under "Absolute Maximum Ratings" may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions above those indicated in the operation sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to Absolute Maximum Rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability. Absolute Maximum Ratings* Voltage on VDD, SENSE/VDD, LX, SHDN Pins ....................................................... -0.3V to +12V LX Sink Current ............................................ 400mA pk Power Dissipation.............................................150mW Operating Temperature Range............. -40°C to +85°C Storage Temperature Range .............. -40°C to +125°C TC125/TC126 ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS Electrical Characteristics: VIN = VOUT x 0.6, TA = 25°C, SHDN = VOUT (TC125), unless otherwise noted. Symbol Parameter Min Typ Max Units VR – 2.5% VR ± 0.5% VR + 2.5% V Test Conditions VOUT Output Voltage VDD Operating Supply Voltage 0.70 — 10.0 V Note 4 VSTART Start-Up Supply Voltage — 0.80 0.90 V IOUT = 1mA IDD Operating Supply Current TC125 TC125/126 TC125/126 — — — 14 20 32 28 40 64 µA (Note 2) VOUT = 2V, IOUT = 10mA VOUT = 3V, IOUT = 30mA VOUT = 5V, IOUT = 50mA INL No Load Supply Current — — — 5 5 6 9 10 11 µA IOUT = 0, VOUT = 2V VOUT = 3V VOUT = 5V ISTBY Standby Supply Current — — — 2 3 3 4 5 5 µA VIN = VOUT + 0.5V, VIN = 2V VIN = 3V VIN = 5V ISHDN Shutdown Supply Current — — 0.5 µA SHDN = VIL, (Note 2) RLX(ON) LX Pin ON Resistance — — — 10 6 3 14 8 5 Ω VLX = 0.4V, VOUT = 2V VOUT = 3V VOUT = 5V (Note 2), (Note 3) ILX LX Pin Leakage Current — — 1 µA No external components, VOUT = VLX = 10V DCYCLE Duty Cycle 70 75 80 % fMAX Maximum Oscillator Frequency 85 100 115 kHz VLXLIM LX Pin Limit Voltage 0.7 — 1.1 V Note 2 η Efficiency — — — 70 80 85 — — — % VOUT = 2V VOUT = 3V VOUT = 5V VIH SHDN Input Logic High 0.75 — — V VIL SHDN Input Logic Low — — 0.20 V IIN H SHDN Input Current (High) — — 0.25 µA IIN L SHDN Pin Input Current (Low) -0.25 — — µA Note 1: 2: 3: 4: Measured at LX pin (Note 2) Note 2 VR is the factory output voltage setting. VIN = VOUT x 0.95. VDD input tied to SENSE input for TC126, as shown in Figure 3-2. The VPS input of the TC125 must be operated between 2.0V and 10.0V for spec compliance. The VDD input of the TC126 must be operated between 2.2V and 10.0V for spec compliance. DS21372B-page 2 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. TC125/TC126 2.0 PIN DESCRIPTIONS The descriptions of the pins are listed in Table 2-1. TABLE 2-1: PIN FUNCTION TABLE TC125 Pin No. (5-Pin SOT-23A) TC126 Pin No. (5-Pin SOT-23A) Symbol Description 1 — SHDN Shutdown input. A logic low on this input suspends device operation and supply current is reduced to less than 0.5µA. The device resumes normal operation when SHDN is again brought high. — 1 SENSE Voltage sense input. This input provides feedback voltage sensing to the internal error amplifier. It must be connected to the output voltage node, preferably the single point in the system where tight voltage regulation is most beneficial. 2 — PS Power and voltage sense input. This dual function input provides both feedback voltage sensing and internal chip power. It should be connected to the regulator output. (See Figure 3-1). — 2 VDD Power supply voltage input. 3 3 NC Not connected. 4 4 GND 5 5 LX 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. Ground terminal. Inductor switch output. LX is the drain of an internal N-channel switching transistor. This terminal drives the external inductor, which ultimately provides current to the load. DS21372B-page 3 TC125/TC126 3.0 DETAILED DESCRIPTION The TC125/126 are PFM step-up DC/DC regulators for use in systems operating from two or more cells or in low voltage, line powered applications. Because Pulse Frequency Modulation (PFM) is used, the TC125/126 switching frequency (and therefore supply current) is minimized at low output loads. This is especially important in battery operated applications (such as pagers) that operate in standby mode most of the time. For example, a TC125/126 with a 3V output and no load will consume a maximum supply current of only 10µA versus a supply current of 40µA maximum when IOUT = 30mA. Both devices require only an external inductor, diode and capacitor to implement a complete DC/DC converter. The TC125 is recommended for applications requiring shutdown mode as a means of reducing system supply current. The TC125 is powered from the PS input, which must be connected to the regulated output as shown in Figure 3-1. PS also senses output voltage for closed-loop regulation. Start-up current is furnished through the inductor when input voltage is initially applied. This action starts the oscillator, causing the voltage at the PS input to rise, bootstrapping the regulator into full operation. The TC126 (Figure 3-2) is recommended for all applications not requiring shutdown mode. It has separate VDD and SENSE inputs, allowing it to be powered from any source of 2.2V to 10V in the system. The VDD input of the TC126 may be connected to the VIN , VOUT, or an external DC voltage. Lower values of VDD result in lower supply current, but lower efficiency due to higher switch ON resistance. Higher V DD values increase supply current, but drive the internal switching transistor harder (lowering RDSON), thereby increasing efficiency. 3.1 Low Power Shutdown Mode The TC125 enters a low power shutdown mode when SHDN is brought low. While in shutdown, the oscillator is disabled and the internal switch is shut off. Normal regulator operation resumes when SHDN is brought high. Because the TC125 uses an external diode, a leakage path between the input voltage and the output node (through the inductor and diode) exists while the regulator is in shutdown. Care must be taken in system design to assure the input supply is isolated from the load during shutdown. DS21372B-page 4 3.2 Behavior When VIN is Greater Than the Factory-Programmed OUT Setting The TC125 and TC126 are designed to operate as step-up regulators only. As such, VIN is assumed to always be less than the factory-programmed output voltage setting (VR). Operating the TC125/126 with VIN > VR causes regulating action to be suspended (and corresponding supply current reduction) until VIN is again less than VR. While regulating action is suspended, VIN is connected to the output voltage node through the series combination of the inductor and Schottky diode. Again, care must be taken to add the appropriate isolation (MOSFET series switch or post LDO with shutdown) during system design if this VIN / VOUT leakage path is problematic. FIGURE 3-1: TYPICAL TC125 CIRCUIT L1 100µH Sumida CD54 D1 MA735 1.5V 5 4 LX GND TC125 ON SHDN PS NC 1 2 3 OFF VOUT 3.3V @40mA Shutdown Control + C1 47µF/16V Tantalum FIGURE 3-2: TYPICAL TC126 CIRCUIT 3.3V Line Supply D1 MA735 L1 100µH Sumida CD54 4 5 LX GND TC126 SENSE 1 VDD NC 2 3 VOUT 5V @80mA + C1 47µF/16V Tantalum 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. TC125/TC126 4.0 APPLICATIONS 4.4 4.1 Input Bypass Capacitors For best results, use a Schottky diode such as the MA735, 1N5817, MBR0520L or equivalent. Connect the diode between the PS and LX pins (TC125) or SENSE and LX pins (TC126) as close to the IC as possible. (Do not use ordinary rectifier diodes since the higher threshold voltages reduce efficiency.) Adding an input bypass capacitor reduces peak current transients drawn from the input supply and reduces the switching noise generated by the regulator. The source impedance of the input supply determines the size of the capacitor that should be used. 4.2 Inductor Selection Selecting the proper inductor value is a trade-off between physical size and power conversion requirements. Lower value inductors cost less, but result in higher ripple current and core losses. They are also more prone to saturate since the coil current ramps to a higher value. Larger inductor values reduce both ripple current and core losses, but are larger in physical size and tend to increase the start-up time slightly. The recommended inductor value for use with the TC125/ 126 is 100µH. Inductors with a ferrite core (or equivalent) are recommended. For highest efficiency, use an inductor with a series resistance less than 20mΩ. 4.3 Internal Transistor Switch Current Limiting The peak switch current is equal to the input voltage divided by the RDS ON of the internal switch. The internal transistor has absolute maximum current rating of 400mA with a design limit of 350mA. A built-in oscillator frequency doubling circuit guards against high switching currents. Should the voltage on the LX pin rise above 1.1V, max while the internal N-channel switch is ON, the oscillator frequency automatically doubles to minimize ON time. Although reduced, switch current still flows because the regulator remains in operation. Therefore, the LX input is not internally current limited and care must be taken never to exceed the 350mA maximum limit. Failure to observe this will result in damage to the regulator. TABLE 4-1: Inductors Sumida CD54 Series CDR125 Series Coiltronics CTX Series Murata LQN6C Series Through-Hole 4.5 Output Capacitor The effective series resistance of the output capacitor directly affects the amplitude of the output voltage ripple. (The product of the peak inductor current and the ESR determines output ripple amplitude.) Therefore, a capacitor with the lowest possible ESR should be selected. Smaller capacitors are acceptable for light loads or in applications where ripple is not a concern. The Sprague 595D series of tantalum capacitors are among the smallest of all low ESR surface mount capacitors available. Table 4-1 lists suggested components and suppliers. 4.6 Board Layout Guidelines As with all inductive switching regulators, the TC125/ 126 generate fast switching waveforms that radiate noise. Interconnecting lead lengths should be minimized to keep stray capacitance, trace resistance, and radiated noise as low as possible. In addition, the GND pin, input bypass capacitor, and output filter capacitor ground leads should be connected to a single point. The input capacitor should be placed as close to power and ground pins of the TC125/126 as possible. SUGGESTED COMPONENTS AND SUPPLIERS Type Surface Mount Output Diode Sumida RCH855 Series RCH110 Series Renco RL1284-12 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. Capacitors Diodes Matsuo 267 Series Nihon EC10 Series Murata GRM200 Series Matsushita MA735 Series Sprague 595D Series Nichicon F93 Series Sanyo OS-CON Series ON Semiconductor 1N5817 - 1N5822 Nichicon PL Series DS21372B-page 5 TC125/TC126 5.0 TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS (Unless Otherwise Specified, All Parts Are Measured At Temperature = 25°C) Note: The graphs and tables provided following this note are a statistical summary based on a limited number of samples and are provided for informational purposes only. The performance characteristics listed herein are not tested or guaranteed. In some graphs or tables, the data presented may be outside the specified operating range (e.g., outside specified power supply range) and therefore outside the warranted range. Output Voltage vs. Output Current TC125/126 L = 100µH, C = 47µF (Tantalum) 3.5 1.8V 3.0 2.5 1.5V 2.0 L = 100µ OUT (V) OUTPUT VOLTAGE VOUT (V) Output Voltage vs. Output Current TC125/126 6 3.0V 5 4 1.2V V VIN = 0.9V V 1.5 µF (Tantalum) 2.0V 3 1.0 2 0.5 VIN = 0.9V V 1 0 1.2V 1.5V 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 0 20 40 60 80 100 OUTPUT CURRENT IOUT (mA) OUTPUT CURRENT IOUT (mA) Efficiency vs. Output Current TC125/126 Efficiency vs. Output Current TC125/126 L = 100µ L = 100µH, C = 47µF (Tantalum) 100 100 80 80 µF (Tantalum) EFFICIENCY EFFI (%) EFFICIENCY EFFI (%) VIN = 3.0V VIN = 1.8V 60 0.9V 1.2V V 1.5V 40 20 2.0V 0.9V 1.2V 20 40 1.5V 40 20 0 0 0 20 40 60 80 OUTPUT CURRENT IOUT (mA) DS21372B-page 6 60 100 0 60 80 100 OUTPUT CURRENT IOUT (mA) 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. TC125/TC126 6.0 6.1 PACKAGING INFORMATION 3 Package Marking Information 1 represents product classification; TC125 = L TC126 = N 2 represents first integer of voltage 4 Symbol (100kHz) Voltage 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. represents first decimal of voltage Symbol (100kHz) Voltage 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 .0 .1 .2 .3 .4 .5 .6 .7 .8 .9 represents production lot ID code DS21372B-page 7 TC125/TC126 6.2 Taping Form Component Taping Orientation for 5-Pin SOT-23A (EIAJ SC-74A) Devices User Direction of Feed Device Marking W PIN 1 P Standard Reel Component Orientation TR Suffix Device (Mark Right Side Up) Carrier Tape, Number of Components Per Reel and Reel Size Package Carrier Width (W) Pitch (P) Part Per Full Reel Reel Size 8 mm 4 mm 3000 7 in 5-Pin SOT-23A 6.3 Package Dimensions SOT-23A-5 .075 (1.90) REF. .071 (1.80) .059 (1.50) .122 (3.10) .098 (2.50) .020 (0.50) .012 (0.30) PIN 1 .037 (0.95) REF. .122 (3.10) .106 (2.70) .057 (1.45) .035 (0.90) .006 (0.15) .000 (0.00) .010 (0.25) .004 (0.09) 10° MAX. .024 (0.60) .004 (0.10) Dimensions: inches (mm) DS21372B-page 8 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. TC125/TC126 Sales and Support Data Sheets Products supported by a preliminary Data Sheet may have an errata sheet describing minor operational differences and recommended workarounds. To determine if an errata sheet exists for a particular device, please contact one of the following: 1. 2. 3. Your local Microchip sales office The Microchip Corporate Literature Center U.S. FAX: (480) 792-7277 The Microchip Worldwide Site (www.microchip.com) Please specify which device, revision of silicon and Data Sheet (include Literature #) you are using. New Customer Notification System Register on our web site (www.microchip.com/cn) to receive the most current information on our products. 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. DS21372B-page9 TC125/TC126 NOTES: DS21372B-page10 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. TC125/TC126 Information contained in this publication regarding device applications and the like is intended through suggestion only and may be superseded by updates. It is your responsibility to ensure that your application meets with your specifications. No representation or warranty is given and no liability is assumed by Microchip Technology Incorporated with respect to the accuracy or use of such information, or infringement of patents or other intellectual property rights arising from such use or otherwise. Use of Microchip’s products as critical components in life support systems is not authorized except with express written approval by Microchip. No licenses are conveyed, implicitly or otherwise, under any intellectual property rights. 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