GENNUM GS9024-CTB

GS9024 GENLINX™
Automatic Cable Equalizer
GS9024 Data Sheet
Features
Description
•
automatic cable equalization
•
fully compatible with SMPTE 259M
•
typically equalizes greater than 350m of high
quality cable at 270Mb/s
•
signal strength indicator
•
output data muting when input data is lost
•
output 'eye' monitor (OEM) with large signal
amplitude and power down option
The GS9024 is a high performance automatic cable
equalizer designed for serial digital data rates from
143Mb/s to 540Mb/s. The GS9024 receives either
single-ended or differential serial data and outputs
equalized differential signals at PECL levels (800mV).
The GS9024 provides up to 40dB of gain at 200MHz
which will typically result in equalization of greater than
350m at 270Mb/s of Belden 8281 cable.
•
low power: 240mW at 5V
•
14 pin SOIC package
•
programmable output data squelch for max cable
length limiting
•
carrier detect with programmable threshold level
•
serial data output "High Z" select to allow muxing of
EQ inputs
•
Pb-free and Green
Applications
Front-end cable equalization for digital video systems;
Input equalization for serial digital distribution
amplifiers, routers, production switchers and other
receiving equipment.
SDI
+
-
The GS9024 incorporates an analog signal strength
indicator/carrier detect (SSI/CD) output indicating both
the presence of a carrier and the amount of equalization
applied to the signal. Optional external resistors allow
the carrier detect threshold level to be customized to the
user's requirement.
The GS9024 also features selectable High Z serial data
outputs eliminating the need for input muxing circuitry in
routers. In addition, the GS9024 provides an 'Output
Eye Monitor' (OEM) which allows the verification of
signal integrity after equalization, prior to reslicing.
The GS9024 operates from a single +5V or -5V power
supply and consumes only 240mW of power. Packaged
in a small 14 pin SOIC, the GS9024 is ideal for router
applications where high density component placement
is required.
++
VARIABLE GAIN
EQ STAGE
SDO
SDI
OEM
SDO
--
HIGH Z
EYE
MONITOR
AUTO EQ
CONTROL
+
SSI/CD
AGC
CD_ADJ
Block diagram
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GS9024 Data Sheet
Contents
1. Electrical Characteristics ...........................................................................................3
1.1 DC Electrical Characteristics ..........................................................................3
1.2 AC Electrical Characteristics ...........................................................................4
2. Test Setup................................................................................................................5
3. Pin Connections ........................................................................................................6
4. Typical Performance Curves .....................................................................................7
5. Detailed Description ................................................................................................11
5.1 Output HIGH Z ..............................................................................................11
5.2 Signal Strength Indication/Carrier Detect ......................................................11
5.3 Carrier Detect Threshold Adjust ....................................................................12
5.4 Output Eye Monitor .......................................................................................12
5.5 I/O Description ..............................................................................................13
5.5.1 High Speed Analog Inputs (SDI/SDI)...................................................13
5.5.2 High Speed Outputs (SDO/SDO) ........................................................13
6. Applications Information..........................................................................................14
7. Typical Application Circuit .......................................................................................14
8. Package Dimensions ..............................................................................................15
9. Ordering Information ...............................................................................................15
10. Revision History ....................................................................................................16
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GS9024 Data Sheet
1. Electrical Characteristics
Table 1-1: Absolute Maximum Ratings
Parameter
Value
Supply Voltage
5.5V
Input Voltage Range (any input)
VCC +0.5 to VEE -0.5V
Operating Temperature Range
0°C ≤ TA ≤ 70°C
Storage Temperature Range
-65°C ≤ TS ≤ 150°C
Lead Temperature (soldering, 10 sec)
260°C
1.1 DC Electrical Characteristics
Table 1-2: DC Electrical Characteristics
VCC = 5V, VEE = 0V, TA = 0°C TO 70°C unless otherwise shown.
Parameter
Symbol
Supply Voltage
VCC
Power Consumption
PD
ΙS
Supply Current
Serial Data O/P Current
ΙSDO
Conditions
Min
Typ1
Max
Units
Notes
Test Level
–
4.75
5.0
5.25
V
–
–
240
–
mW
3
with OEM active
–
340
–
mW
3
–
–
44
–
mA
1
with OEM active
–
58
–
mA
1
RL = 75Ω
–
11
–
mA
3
SDI/SDI Common
Mode Voltage
–
–
–
2.5
–
V
1
AGC+/AGC- Mode
Voltage
–
–
–
2.7
–
V
1
OEM Bias Potential
–
–
–
4.5
–
V
1
CLMAX = 50pF RL = ∞
–
–
18
µA
CLMAX = 50pF RL = 5kΩ
–
–
110
µA
ISINK
–
–
1.0
1.5
mA
VHIGH
–
2.4
–
–
V
1
VLOW
–
–
–
0.8
V
1
SSI/CD Output Current
High Z Input Voltage
ΙSOURCE
TEST LEVELS
NOTES
1. 100% tested at 25°C.
2. Guaranteed by design.
3. Inferred or co-related value.
1. Typical values are parametric norms at 25°C.
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GS9024 Data Sheet
1.2 AC Electrical Characteristics
Table 1-3: AC Electrical Characteristics
VCC = 5V, VEE = 0V, TA = 0°C TO 70°C unless otherwise shown.
Parameter
Symb
ol
Conditions
Min
Typ1
Max
Units
143
–
540
Mb/s
1
700
850
1000
mV
1
270Mb/s, 300m
–
275
–
ps p-p
see Fig 5
5
540Mb/s, 100m
–
200
–
ps p-p
see Fig 5
5
Data Rate
Output Signal Swing
Additive Jitter
Output Rise and Fall
Times (20-80%)
Output Duty Cycle
Distortion
VSDO
tJ
RL = 75Ω
Notes
Test Level
tr, tf
–
0.5
0.65
–
ns
3
–
–
–
30
–
ps
2
Input Resistance
RIN
SDI, SDI
–
10
–
kΩ
2
Input Capacitance
CIN
SDI, SDI
–
1.0
–
pF
2
tCDON
Carrier Applied RL = ∞,
CL ≤ 50pF on SSI/CD
–
3
–
µs
2
tCDOFF
Carrier Removed RL = ∞,
CL ≤ 50pF on SSI/CD
–
30
–
µs
2
trHIGHZ
–
–
17
–
ns
2
at 270MHz
15
20
–
dB
see Fig 8
3
at 200MHz
–
40
–
dB
see Fig 4
3, 5
Carrier Detect
Response Time
High Z Response Time
Input Return Loss
Maximum Equalizer
Gain
AEQ
TEST LEVELS
NOTES
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
1. Typical values are parametric norms at 25°C.
100% tested at 25°C.
Guaranteed by design.
Inferred or co-related value.
Evaluated using test setup Figure 2-1.
Evaluated using test setup Figure 2-2.
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GS9024 Data Sheet
2. Test Setup
DATA
TEKTRONIX
GigaBERT
700
TRANSMITTER
DATA
GS9028
CABLE
DRIVER
BELDEN 8281
CABLE
EB9024
BOARD
TEKTRONIX
GigaBERT
700
ANALYZER
CLOCK
TRIGGER
Figure 2-1: Test Setup for Figure 4-1.
BELDEN 8281
CABLE
DATA
ANRITSU
DATA
ME522A
or
GigaBERT
700
TRANSMITTER CLOCK
GS9028
CABLE
DRIVER
EB9024
BOARD
SSI/CD V
VERTICAL IN
V CD_ADJ OSCILLOSCOPE
TRIGGER IN
Figure 2-2: Test Setup for Figure 4-2, Figure 4-3, Figure 4-4, Figure 4-5,
Figure 4-8, and Figure .
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GS9024 Data Sheet
3. Pin Connections
AGC-
1
14
AGC+
VEE
2
13
HIGH Z
VCC
3
12
SSI/CD
SDI
4
SDI
GS9024 11
TOP VIEW
5
10
SDO
VEE
6
9
CD_ADJ
VCC
7
8
OEM
SDO
Table 3-1: Pin Descriptions
Number
Symbol
Type
1, 14
AGC-, AGC+
I
External AGC capacitor.
4, 5
SDI/SDI
I
Differential serial digital data inputs.
8
OEM
O
Output ‘Eye’ monitor. OEM is a single ended current mode output and
requires an external 50Ω pullup resistor.
9
CD_ADJ
I
Carrier detect threshold adjust.
10, 11
SDO/SDO
O
Equalized serial digital data outputs.
12
SSI/CD
O
Signal strength indicator/Carrier Detect.
13
HIGH Z
I
The SDO/SDO outputs are High Z when this pin is HIGH. If High Z
functionality is not used, this input can be left floating or tied LOW.
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GS9024 Data Sheet
4. Typical Performance Curves
(VS = 5V, TA = 25°C unless otherwise shown.)
500
0.5 UI
Output
Additive
Jitter
CABLE LENGTH (m)
400
300
0.2 UI
Output
Additive
Jitter
200
100
0
90
180
270
360
450
540
630
DATA RATE (Mb/s)
Figure 4-1: Maximum Data Rate vs. Cable Length - Belden 8281n
(see Test Setup in Figure 2-1)
50
45
40
35
GAIN (dB)
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
1
10
100
1000
FREQUENCY (MHz)
Figure 4-2: Equalizer Gain vs. Frequency
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GS9024 Data Sheet
1500
1400
ADDITIVE JITTER (ps p-p)
1200
1000
800
600
540Mb/s
400
200
270Mb/s
0
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
CABLE LENGTH (m)
Figure 4-3: Additive Jitter vs. Input Cable Length — Belden 8281
5.00
SSI/CD OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
4.50
4.00
3.50
3.00
2.50
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
CABLE LENGTH (m)
Figure 4-4: SSI/CD Voltage vs. Cable Length — Belden 8281 (CD_ADJ = 0V)
5.0
CD_ADJ VOLTAGE (V)
4.5
4.0
3.5
3.0
2.5
2.0
200
250
300
350
400
CABLE LENGTH (m)
Figure 4-5: Carrier Detect Adjust Voltage Threshold Characteristics
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GS9024 Data Sheet
j1
j0.5
j2
j0.2
j5
720
3000
1620
-j0.2
-j5
810
-j2
-j0.5
-j1
Frequencies in MHz, impedances normalized to 50Ω.
Figure 4-6: Input Impedance
Figure 4-7: Output Data Waveform at 270Mb/s, 300m
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GS9024 Data Sheet
Figure 4-8: Output Data Waveform at 540Mb/s, 200m
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GS9024 Data Sheet
5. Detailed Description
The GS9024 Automatic Cable Equalizer is a bipolar integrated circuit designed to
equalize serial digital data signals between 30Mbps and 622Mbps. Powered from
a single +5V or -5V supply, the device consumes approximately 240mW of power.
The serial data signal is connected to the input pins (SDI/SDI) either differentially
or single ended. The input signal passes through a variable gain equalizing stage
whose frequency response closely matches the inverse cable loss characteristic.
In addition, the variation of the frequency response with control voltage imitates the
variation of the inverse cable loss characteristic with cable length. The gain stage
provides up to 40dB of gain at 200MHz which will typically result in equalization of
greater than 350m at 270Mb/s of Belden 8281 cable.
The edge energy of the equalized signal is monitored by a detector circuit which
produces an error signal corresponding to the difference between the desired edge
energy and the actual edge energy. This error signal is integrated by an external
differential AGC filter capacitor (AGC+/AGC-) providing a steady control voltage for
the gain stage. As the frequency response of the gain stage is automatically varied
by the application of negative feedback, the edge energy of the equalized signal is
kept at a constant level which is representative of the original edge energy at the
transmitter.
The equalized signal is DC restored, thereby restoring its logic threshold to its
corrective level regardless of shifts due to AC coupling. The digital output signals
have PECL voltage levels (800mV) and are available at pins SDO and SDO.
5.1 Output HIGH Z
A HIGH Z pin allows the data outputs to be put into a high impedance state which
disconnects them from the output traces. This feature is ideal for input expansion
in router applications as it eliminates the need for input muxes or crosspoints.
NOTE: The high impedance feature will only take effect if the device outputs are
not muted.
5.2 Signal Strength Indication/Carrier Detect
The GS9024 incorporates an analog signal strength indicator/carrier detect output
(SSI/CD) which indicates both the presence of a carrier and the amount of
equalization applied to the signal. The voltage output of this pin versus cable length
(signal strength) is shown in Figure . With 0m of cable (800mV input signal levels),
the SSI/CD output voltage is approximately 4.5V.
As the cable length increases, the SSI/CD voltage decreases linearly providing
accurate correlation between the SSI/CD voltage and cable length.
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GS9024 Data Sheet
When the signal strength decreases to the level set at the "Carrier Detect
Threshold Adjust" pin, the SSI/CD voltage goes to a logic "0" state (0.8V) and can
be used to drive other TTL/CMOS compatible logic inputs. In addition, when loss
of carrier is detected the SDO/SDO outputs are muted (set to a known static state).
SSI/CD OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
5
4
3
CD_ADJ
CONTROL RANGE
2
1
0
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
CABLE LENGTH (m)
5.3 Carrier Detect Threshold Adjust
The threshold level at which loss of carrier is detected is adjustable via external
resistors at the CD_ADJ pin. The control voltage at the CD_ADJ pin is set by a
simple resistor divider circuit. The threshold level is adjustable from 200m to 350m.
By default (no external resistors), the threshold is typically 320m. Connecting this
pin to Ground disables the SDO/SDO muting function and allows for maximum
possible cable length equalization.
This feature is designed for use in applications such as routers where signal
crosstalk and circuit noise cause the equalizer to output erroneous data when no
input signal is present. This problem is not solved by using a Carrier Detect function
with a fixed internal reference because the signal to noise ratio on the circuit board
may be significantly less than the default signal detection level set by the on- chip
reference. To solve this problem, the GS9024 provides a user adjustable threshold
to meet the unique conditions that exist in each user's application. Override and
internal default settings are provided to give the user total flexibility.
5.4 Output Eye Monitor
The GS9024 provides an 'Output Eye Monitor' (OEM) which allows the verification
of signal integrity after equalization, prior to reslicing. The OEM pin is an open
collector current output that requires an external 50Ω pullup resistor. When the
pullup resistor is not used, the OEM block is disabled and the internal OEM circuit
is powered down. The OEM provides a 0.25Vp-p signal when driving a 50Ω
oscilloscope input.
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GS9024 Data Sheet
5.5 I/O Description
5.5.1 High Speed Analog Inputs (SDI/SDI)
SDI/SDI are high impedance inputs which accept differential or single-ended input
drive.
Figure shows the recommended interface when a single-ended serial digital signal
is used.
10nF
75Ω
SDI
75Ω
GS9024
10nF
SDI
37.5Ω 75Ω
5.5.2 High Speed Outputs (SDO/SDO)
SDO/SDO are current mode outputs that require external pullups (see Figure ).
The output signal swings are 800mV when 75Ω resistors are used. A diode can be
placed between VCC and the pullups to shift the signal levels down by
approximately 0.7 volts. When the output traces are longer than 1 inch, controlled
impedance traces should be used. The pullup resistors should be placed at the end
of the output traces as they terminate the trace in its characteristic impedance
(75Ω).
VCC
75Ω
GS9024
75Ω
SDO
SDO
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GS9024 Data Sheet
6. Applications Information
The Typical Application Circuit shown on page 14 is useful for both SMPTE and
DVB-ASI signals. The two AGC capacitors shown however increase the AGC time
constant from the original times shown in earlier SMPTE-only application circuits.
In this case a minimum off-time of 50ms is needed when break-before-make
switching is used at the input in order for the AGC voltage to recover.
7. Typical Application Circuit
100n
100n
VCC
14
1
AGC3
10n 4
13
37.5
HIGH Z
VCC
SSI/CD
12
GS9024
SDO
75
10n
All resistors in ohms,
all capacitors in farads,
unless otherwise shown.
February 2005
7
75
DATA OUT
DATA OUT
SDO
SDI
6
75
11
10
5
VCC
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VEE
SDI
75
75
VCC
AGC+
2
SDI INPUT
30 - 622Mb/s
VCC
9
VEE
CD_ADJ
VCC
OEM
50
VCC
8
100k
POT
(optional)
1n
EYE MONITOR
OUTPUT
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GS9024 Data Sheet
8. Package Dimensions
All dimensions in millimeters.
8.75 MAX
1.91
MAX
0.49
MAX
1.27
MAX
8
14
4.0
MAX
6.20
MAX
0.25
MAX
7
1
0.25
MAX
O.56 MAX
=
=
=
=
=
=
7.62 ±0.05
6 [email protected] 1.27±0.05
9. Ordering Information
Part Number
Package
Temperature
Pb-Free and Green
GS9024-CKB
14 pin SOIC
0°C to 70°C
No
GS9024-CTB
14 pin SOIC Tape
0°C to 70°C
No
GS9024-CKBE3
14 pin SOIC
0°C to 70°C
Yes
GS9024-CTBE3
14 pin SOIC Tape
0°C to 70°C
Yes
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GS9024 Data Sheet
10. Revision History
Version
ECR
Date
Changes
10
135403
February 2005
Added note to clarify that the High Impedance
feature is available only when the device outputs are
not muted.
CAUTION
ELECTROSTATIC SENSITIVE DEVICES
DO NOT OPEN PACKAGES OR HANDLE
EXCEPT AT A STATIC-FREE WORKSTATION
DOCUMENT IDENTIFICATION
DATA SHEET
The product is in production. Gennum reserves the right to make
changes to the product at any time without notice to improve reliability,
function or design, in order to provide the best product possible.
GENNUM CORPORATION
Mailing Address: P.O. Box 489, Stn. A, Burlington, Ontario, Canada L7R 3Y3
Shipping Address: 970 Fraser Drive, Burlington, Ontario, Canada L7L 5P5
Tel. +1 (905) 632-2996 Fax. +1 (905) 632-5946
GENNUM JAPAN CORPORATION
Shinjuku Green Tower Building 27F, 6-14-1, Nishi Shinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 160-0023 Japan
Tel. +81 (03) 3349-5501, Fax. +81 (03) 3349-5505
GENNUM UK LIMITED
25 Long Garden Walk, Farnham, Surrey, England GU9 7HX
Tel. +44 (0)1252 747 000 Fax +44 (0)1252 726 523
Gennum Corporation assumes no liability for any errors or omissions in this document, or for the use of the
circuits or devices described herein. The sale of the circuit or device described herein does not imply any
patent license, and Gennum makes no representation that the circuit or device is free from patent infringement.
GENNUM and the G logo are registered trademarks of Gennum Corporation.
© Copyright 1996 Gennum Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in Canada.
www.gennum.com
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