19-2055; Rev 0; 5/01 MAX105 Evaluation Kit Features ♦ Two Matched 6-Bit, 800 Msps ADCs ♦ 0.8Vp-p Input Signal Range ♦ Demultiplexed Differential LVDS Outputs ♦ Square-Pin Headers for Easy Connection of Logic Analyzer to Digital Outputs ♦ Four-layer PC Board with Separate Analog and Digital Power and Ground Connections ♦ Fully Assembled and Tested with MAX105 Installed Ordering Information Component List DESIGNATION C1, C5, C9, C13, C16, C18, C20, C22 C2, C6, C10, C14, C15, C17, C19, C21, C24–C28, C30 QTY DESCRIPTION 8 47pF ±10%, +50V COG ceramic capacitors (0402) Murata GRM36COG470K050AD 14 0.01µF ±10%, +16V X7R ceramic capacitors (0402) Murata GRM36X7R103K016AD C23, C29 2 L1–L4 4 R1–R6 R7–R32 J1–J6 JU1, JU2 JU4–JU55 JU3 6 26 6 0 52 0 100pF ±5%, +50V COG ceramic capacitors (0402) Murata GRM36COG101J050AD 10µF ±10%, +25V tantalum capacitors (CASE D) AVX TAJD106K025R Ferrite beads 600Ω at 100MHz, 500mA , 0.3Ω DCR Murata BLM21A601R 51.1Ω ±1% resistors (0402) 100Ω ±1% resistors (0402) SMA connectors (edge-mounted) Not installed 2-pin headers 2-pin headers Not installed 3-pin header AVCC, AGND, OVCC, OGND 4 Test point hooks U1 1 MAX105ECS (80-pin TQFP-EP) None None None 1 1 1 MAX105 PC board MAX105 data sheet MAX105 EV kit data sheet C3, C4, C7, C8, C11, C12 6 PART MAX105EVKIT TEMP. RANGE IC PACKAGE 0°C to 70°C 80 TQFP-EP* *Exposed pad ADC Selection Table PART SPEED (Msps) MAX105ECS 800 MAX107ECS 400 Component Suppliers SUPPLIER AVX PHONE 803-946-0690 FAX 803-626-3123 Murata 814-237-1431 814-238-0490 Note: Please indicate that you are using the MAX105 when contacting these component suppliers. ________________________________________________________________ Maxim Integrated Products For pricing, delivery, and ordering information, please contact Maxim/Dallas Direct! at 1-888-629-4642, or visit Maxim’s website at www.maxim-ic.com. 1 Evaluates: MAX105/MAX107 General Description The MAX105 evaluation kit (EV kit) is a fully assembled and tested circuit board that contains all the components necessary to evaluate the performance of the MAX105, dual channel, 6-bit (800Msps), or the MAX107, dual channel, 6-bit (400Msps) high-speed analog-to-digital converter (ADC). The MAX105 ADC is able to process differential or single-ended analog inputs. The EV kit allows the user to evaluate the ADC with either type of signals. The digital output produced by the ADC can be easily sampled with a user-provided high-speed logic analyzer or data-acquisition system. The EV kit comes with the MAX105 installed. To evaluate the MAX107, replace the MAX105 with the MAX107. Evaluates: MAX105/MAX107 MAX105 Evaluation Kit Quick Start Test Equipment Required • DC power supplies: Digital +3.3V, 510mA Analog +5.0V, 350mA • Generator with low phase-noise for clock input (e.g., HP8662A, HP8663A, or equivalent) • Two signal generators for analog signal inputs (e.g., HP8662A, HP8663A, or equivalent) • Logic analyzer or data-acquisition system (e.g., HP16500C series, HP16517A 1.25Gbps state module for single-ended evaluation. • User-selected analog bandpass filters (e.g., TTE Elliptical Bandpass Filter, or equivalent) • Digital Voltmeter • Baluns (e.g., MA/COM H-9-SMA) • 50Ω terminators with SMA connectors The MAX105 EV kit is a fully assembled and tested surface-mount board. Follow the steps below for board operation. Do not turn on power supplies or enable function generators until all connections are completed. 1) Connect a signal generator with low phase-jitter to the clock inputs CLK- and CLK+ through a balun (Figure 1). For a single-ended clock input (Figure 2), connect a 500mV (354mVRMS, +4dBm) amplitude from the signal generator to the CLK+ input and terminate the unused CLK- input with a 50Ω termination resistor to AGND. 2) For differential operation, connect a ±380mV 270mVRMS (approximately -0.5dB FS) sine-wave test signal to connector A of the balun. Terminate connector B of the balun with a 50Ω terminator. Attach connector C of the balun to the analog input VINI+ (VINQ+). Attach connector D of the balun to the analog input VINI- (Figure 1). For single-ended operation, apply the test signal to either VINI+ (VINQ+) or VINI- (VINQ-) and terminate the unused input with a 50Ω resistor to AGND (Figure 2). For best results, use a narrow bandpass filter designed for the frequency of interest to reduce the harmonic distortion of the signal generator. remove the 100Ω termination resistors R7–R32 to increase the logic signal swing. Reflections are absorbed by the back-terminated LVDS drivers. Note: Two state modules are required to monitor both I and Q channel simultaneously. 5) Connect the logic analyzer clock to the DREADY+ output on the EV kit and set the logic analyzer to trigger on the falling edge of the DREADY+ signal. 6) Connect a +5V power supply to the pad marked AV CC . Connect the supply’s ground to the pad marked AGND. Note: MAX105 has separate AV CCI and AV CCQ supply pins. 7) Connect a +3.3V power supply to the pad marked OV CC . Connect the supply’s ground to the pad marked OGND. Tie AGND and OGND together at the power supplies. Note: MAX105 has separate OVCCI and OVCCQ supply pins. 8) Turn on both power supplies, then the signal sources. Capture the digitized outputs from the MAX105 with the logic analyzer and transfer the digital record to a PC for data analysis. Detailed Description The MAX105 EV kit evaluates the performance of the MAX105 dual channel, 6-bit ADC at a maximum clock frequency of 800MHz (400MHz for MAX107). The MAX105 ADC can process differential or single-ended analog and clock inputs. The user may apply baluns to generate differential signals from a single-ended analog signal to the EV kit. The EV kit’s PC board incorporates a four-layer board design to optimize the performance of the MAX105 in a 50Ω environment. Separate analog and digital ground planes minimize noise coupling between analog and digital signals. The EV kit requires a +5.0V power supply applied to the analog power plane, and a +3.3V power supply applied to the digital power plane. Access to the outputs is provided through the two-pin headers (Table 1) all around the edge of the board. A silkscreen on the PC board’s top layer indicates reference designations. 3) Phase-lock both the VINI and/or VINQ signal generators with the clock generator. 4) Connect a logic analyzer, such as the HP16500 with the HP16517 plug-in module to monitor the I or Q channel of the MAX105. Note that the podlets are single-ended to ground and you may need to 2 _______________________________________________________________________________________ MAX105 Evaluation Kit Evaluates: MAX105/MAX107 Table 1. LVDS Outputs and Functional Description LVDS OUTPUT SIGNALS P5I+, P5I- (MSB) P4I+, P4IP3I+, P3IP2I+, P2IP1I+, P1IP0I+, P0I- (LSB) A5I+, A5I- (MSB) A4I+, A4IA3I+, A3IA2I+, A2IA1I+, A1IA0I+, A0I- (LSB) P5Q+, P5Q- (MSB) P4Q+, P4QP3Q+, P3QP2Q+, P2QP1Q+, P1QP0Q+, P0Q- (LSB) A5Q+, A5Q- (MSB) A4Q+, A4QA3Q+, A3QA2Q+, A2QA1Q+, A1QA0Q+, A0Q- (LSB) DOR+, DORDREADY+, DREADY- EV KIT HEADER LOCATION JU52, JU53 JU48, JU49 JU44, JU45 JU12, JU13 JU40, JU41 JU36, JU37 JU54, JU55 JU50, JU51 JU46, JU47 JU18, JU19 JU42, JU43 JU38, JU39 JU6, JU7 JU10, JU11 JU16, JU17 JU22, JU23 JU27, JU26 JU31, JU30 JU4, JU5 JU8, JU9 JU14, JU15 JU20, JU21 JU25, JU24 JU29, JU28 JU33, JU32 JU34, JU35 FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION Primary in-phase differential outputs from MSB to LSB. “+” indicates the true value, “-” denotes the complementary outputs Auxiliary in-phase differential outputs from MSB to LSB. “+” indicates the true value, “-” denotes the complementary outputs Primary quadrature differential outputs from MSB to LSB. “+” indicates the true value, “-” denotes the complementary outputs Auxiliary quadrature differential outputs from MSB to LSB. “+” indicates the true value, “-” denotes the complementary outputs Out-of-range signal’s true and complementary outputs Data Ready LVDS output latch clock. Output data changes on the rising edge of DREADY+ Power Supplies The MAX105 EV kit requires separate analog and digital power supplies for best performance. A +3.3V ±10% power supply is used to power the digital portion (OVCC) of the ADC. A separate +5.0V ±5% power supply is used to power the analog portion (AVCC) of the ADC. Ferrite beads are used to filter out high-frequency noise at the analog power supply. At 100MHz, the ferrite beads have an impedance of 600Ω. Clock The clock signals CLK± are AC-coupled from the SMA connectors J3 and J4. The DC-biasing level is internally set to the reference voltage. The MAX105’s clock input resistance is 5kΩ. However, the EV kit’s clock input resistance is set by an external resistor to 50Ω. An ACcoupled, differential sine-wave signal may be applied to the CLK± SMA connectors (Figure 3). The signal must not exceed a magnitude of 1.4VRMS. The typical clock frequency should be 800MHz for MAX105 (400MHz for MAX107). I/Q Input Signals The input signals are AC-coupled. The DC biasing level is internally set to the reference voltage V REF . The MAX105’s analog input resistance is 2kΩ per input. However, the EV kit’s I/Q input resistance is set to 50Ω by an external resistor. For single-ended operation, apply a signal to one of the analog inputs and terminate the opposite complimentary input with a 50Ω resistor to ground. Note: When a differential signal is applied to the ADC, the positive and negative input pins of the ADC each receive half of the input signal supplied to the balun. A common mode voltage of +2.5V is established within the part and blocked by the AC-coupling capacitors. _______________________________________________________________________________________ 3 Evaluates: MAX105/MAX107 MAX105 Evaluation Kit Reference An on-chip reference is provided with a nominal +2.5V output. This voltage is then processed to drive the resistor ladder in the ADC core. A buffered reference voltage is also used as the DC-bias voltage for the analog input. Table 2. MAX105 EV kit Layers LAYER Layer I, Top Layer Components, Headers, Connectors, Test Pads, AVCC, OVCC, AGND, OGND, Analog 50Ω microstrip lines. 100Ω Termination Resistors Layer II, Ground Plane AGND, AGNDI, AGNDQ, AGNDR, OGND, OGNDI, OGNDQ Layer III, Power Plane AVCC, AVCCI, AVCCQ, AVCCR, OVCC, OVCCI, OVCCQ Layer IV, Bottom Layer AGND, Components Demultiplexing and LVDS Outputs Each ADC provides six differential outputs (two’s complement code) at 800MHz, which fan out to 12 differential outputs at 400MHz after the on-chip demultiplexer. To interface with lower supply CMOS DSP chips, all outputs provide LVDS-compatible voltage levels. The LVDS outputs will have approximately ±270mV swing differential with a common mode around 1.25V. The differential output impedance is roughly 100Ω. For details, refer to IEEE standard 1596.3. *Note: To boost the output signal swing for singleended data capture with the HP16500C and HP16517A high-speed state module, all 100Ω termination resistors (R7–R32) should be removed. Out-of-Range (DOR) Signal The out-of-range signal (DOR+, DOR-) flags high when either the I or Q input is below -FS or above +FS. The out-of-range signal has the same latency as the ADC output data or is demultiplexed the same way. For an 800MHz system DOR+ and DOR- are clocked at 400MHz. Data Ready (DREADY) Output In single-ended data capture mode the clock interface of the logic analyzer should be connected to the DREADY output at headers JU34 or JU35 on the EV kit. Since both the primary and auxiliary outputs change on the rising edge of DREADY, set the logic analyzer to trigger on the falling edge. DREADY and the data outputs are internally time aligned, which places the falling edge of DREADY in the approximate center of the valid data window, resulting in the maximum setup and hold time for the logic analyzer. DESCRIPTION Special Layout Considerations Special effort was made in the board layout to separate the analog and digital portions of the circuit. 50Ω microstrip transmission lines are used for analog and clock inputs, as well as for all digital LVDS outputs. The power plane is separated into strips to provide isolation between different sections of the circuit (e.g., AVCCI and AVCCQ or OVCCI and OVCCQ). All differential outputs are properly terminated with 100Ω termination resistors between true and complementary digital outputs. The PC board comes in a circular shape to ensure the best possible trace length matching for the 50Ω microstrip lines. The electrical lengths of the 50Ω microstrip lines are matched to within a few picoseconds to minimize layout-dependent delays. The propagation delay on the MAX105 EV kit board is about 130ps/inch. The line width for a differential microstrip is 2.5mils with a ground plane height of 14mils which is a standard GETek core thickness. Table 2 shows PC board layers of the EV kit. Board Layout The MAX105 EV kit is a four-layer PC board design (Figure 4), optimized for high-speed signals. The board is constructed from low-loss GETek core material which has a relative dielectric constant of 3.9 (εR = 3.9). The GETek material used in the MAX105 EV kit board offers improved high frequency and thermal properties over standard FR4 board material. All high-speed signals are routed with differential microstrip transmission lines. 4 _______________________________________________________________________________________ MAX105 Evaluation Kit BPF BALUN C A D B Evaluates: MAX105/MAX107 HP8662A/3A SINE-WAVE SOURCE EXTERNAL 50Ω TERMINATION TO AGND HP8662A/3A SINE-WAVE SOURCE BPF PHASELOCKED BALUN C A D B EXTERNAL 50Ω TERMINATION TO AGND HP8662A/3A SINE-WAVE SOURCE VINI- VINI+ VINQ- VINQ+ AVCC AGND 800MHz +4dBm BPF BALUN C CLK+ MAX105EVKIT OVCC A D CLK- DGND B OUTPUTS +5V ANALOG AGND +3.3V DIGITAL DGND DREADY POWER SUPPLIES EXTERNAL 50Ω TERMINATION TO AGND HP16500C LOGIC ANALYZER WITH HP16517A 1.25Gbps STATE MODULE GBIP PC 24 DATA DREADY+ OR DREADY- Figure 1. Typical Evaluation Setup with Differential Analog Inputs, Differential Clock Drive, and Single-Ended Data Capture HP8662A/3A SINE-WAVE SOURCE BPF HP8662A/3A SINE-WAVE SOURCE BPF EXTERNAL 50Ω TERMINATION TO AGND EXTERNAL 50Ω TERMINATION TO AGND PHASELOCKED VINIHP8662A/3A SINE-WAVE SOURCE VINI+ VINQ- VINQ+ AVCC 800MHz +4dBm EXTERNAL 50Ω TERMINATION TO AGND CLK+ MAX105EVKIT AGND OVCC CLK- DGND OUTPUTS +5V ANALOG AGND +3.3V DIGITAL DGND DREADY POWER SUPPLIES GBIP PC HP16500C LOGIC ANALYZER WITH HP16517A 1.25Gbps STATE MODULE 24 DATA DREADY+ OR DREADY- Figure 2. Typical Evaluation Setup with Single-Ended Analog Inputs, Single-Ended Clock Drive, and Single-Ended Data Capture _______________________________________________________________________________________ 5 Evaluates: MAX105/MAX107 MAX105 Evaluation Kit 50Ω AGND TO ADC CLK100pF D SMA 180° SIGNAL SOURCE 50Ω 0° A B 0° 50Ω 0° SMA C AGND TO ADC CLK+ 50Ω 100pF AGND EXTERNAL CONNECTION MAX105EVkit Figure 3. AC-Coupled, Differential Clock Drive 25mils 50Ω 1oz. Cu LAYER NO. 1 (TOP) 14mils GETek CORE LAYER NO. 2 GETek PREPREG AS NEEDED LAYER NO. 3 14mils GETek CORE LAYER NO. 4 (BOTTOM) 50Ω 25mils Figure 4. PC Board Stacking 6 _______________________________________________________________________________________ MAX105 Evaluation Kit C23 10µF J8 C24 0.01µF C25 0.01µF L2 IND1 AGND AVCCI C26 0.01µF L3 IND1 C30 0.01µF A5I+ JU1 1 TEMPS R1 51.1Ω C4 100pF AGND JU2 2 REF 3 AVCCR 4 AGNDR 5 AGNDI 6 VINI- 7 VINI+ 8 AGNDI C1 47pF AGND C3 100pF J2 R2 51.1Ω AVCCI AGND J3 9 AVCCI 10 CLK+ C7 100pF 11 CLK- 12 AVCCQ 13 AGNDQ 14 VINQ+ 15 VINQ- 16 AGNDQ 17 SUB 18 AGND 19 AVCC 20 TESTB AVCCQ R4 51.1Ω J4 C12 100pF AGND C9 47pF AGND C11 100pF AGND J6 C10 0.01µF AGND R5 51.1Ω C5 47pF C8 100pF AGND AGND C6 0.01µF AGND R3 51.1Ω AGND AGND J5 R6 51.1Ω AGND AGND AGND AVCC OVCC JU3 JU53 JU50 JU51 JU48 JU49 R31 100Ω R30 100Ω R29 100Ω 79 A5I- 78 77 P5I+ P5I- 76 75 A4I+ A4I- 74 73 P4I+ P4I- AVCCR C2 0.01µF AGND JU52 AVCC 80 J9 J1 JU55 R32 100Ω C28 0.01µF OVCC C29 10µF JU54 AVCCQ C27 0.01µF L4 IND1 J10 Evaluates: MAX105/MAX107 AVCCR L1 IND1 J7 C14 0.01µF C13 47pF A5Q+ A5Q- P5Q+ P5Q- A4Q+ A4Q- P4Q+ P4Q- 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 R7 100Ω JU4 JU5 R8 100Ω JU6 JU7 R9 100Ω JU8 JU9 R10 100Ω JU10 JU11 Figure 5a. MAX105 EV Kit Schematic _______________________________________________________________________________________ 7 Evaluates: MAX105/MAX107 MAX105 Evaluation Kit OVCC C22 47pF JU46 C21 0.01µF JU47 JU44 R28 100Ω 72 71 OVCCI OGNDI 70 A3I+ JU45 R27 100Ω 69 A3I- 68 66 65 64 JU12 JU13 R11 100Ω 63 OGNDI OVCCI A2I+ P3I- JU19 R14 100Ω C19 0.01µF 67 P3I+ C20 OVCC 47pF JU18 A2I- 62 P2I+ 61 P2IA1I+ A1I- P1I+ P1I- A0I+ A0I- P0I+ P0I- 60 JU42 59 R26 100Ω JU43 58 JU40 57 R25 100Ω JU41 56 JU38 55 R24 100Ω JU39 54 JU36 53 R23 100Ω JU37 U1 DREADY+ 52 JU34 MAX105 DREADY- D0R- 51 R22 100Ω JU35 50 JU32 D0R+ P0Q- P0Q+ A0Q- 49 R21 100Ω X1 MTHOLE 1 X2 MTHOLE 1 X3 MTHOLE 1 X4 MTHOLE 1 X5 LOGO 1 JU33 48 JU30 47 R20 100Ω JU31 46 JU28 A0Q+ P1Q- 45 R19 100Ω JU29 44 JU26 P1Q+ 43 R18 100Ω JU27 A1Q- 42 JU24 A1Q+ OVCCQ OGNDQ A3Q+ A3Q- P3Q+ 29 31 32 33 30 C16 OVCC 47pF R12 100Ω JU14 JU15 C15 0.01µF P3Q- OVCCQ OGNDQ A2Q+ 35 36 37 34 R13 100Ω JU16 C18 OVCC 47pF JU17 A2Q- P2Q+ P2Q- 38 39 40 R15 100Ω JU20 JU21 41 R17 100Ω JU25 R16 100Ω JU22 JU23 C17 0.01µF Figure 5b. MAX105 EV Kit Schematic (continued) 8 _______________________________________________________________________________________ MAX105 Evaluation Kit Figure 7. MAX105 EV Kit PC Board Layout—Component Side Figure 8. MAX105 EV Kit PC Board Layout—Inner Layer, Ground Plane Figure 9. MAX105 EV Kit PC Board Layout—Inner Layer, Power Plane ________________________________________________________________________________________________ Evaluates: MAX105/MAX107 Figure 6. MAX105 EV Kit Component Placement Guide— Component Side 9 Evaluates: MAX105/MAX107 MAX105 Evaluation Kit Figure 10. MAX105 EV Kit PC Board Layout—Solder Side Figure 11. MAX105 EV Kit Component Placement Guide— Solder Side Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. No circuit patent licenses are implied. Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time. 10 ____________________Maxim Integrated Products, 120 San Gabriel Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 408-737-7600 © 2001 Maxim Integrated Products Printed USA is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products.