CLC5957 12-Bit, 70 MSPS Broadband Monolithic A/D Converter General Description Features The CLC5957 is a monolithic 12-bit, 70MSPS analog-todigital converter. The device has been optimized for use in IF-sampled digital receivers and other applications where high resolution, high sampling rate, wide dynamic range, low power dissipation, and compact size are required. The CLC5957 features differential analog inputs, low jitter differential universal clock inputs, a low distortion track-and-hold with 0-300MHz input bandwidth, a bandgap voltage reference, data valid clock output, TTL compatible CMOS (3.3V or 2.5V) programmable output logic, and a proprietary 12-bit multi-stage quantizer. The CLC5957 is fabricated on the ABIC-V 0.8 micron BiCMOS process. The CLC5957 features a 74dBc spurious free dynamic range (SFDR) and a 67dB signal to noise ratio (SNR). The wideband track-and-hold allows sampling of IF signals to greater than 250MHz. The part produces two-tone, dithered, SFDR of 83dBFS at 75MHz input frequency. The differential analog input provides excellent common mode rejection, while the differential universal clock inputs minimize jitter. The 48-pin TSSOP package provides an extremely small footprint for applications where space is a critical consideration. The CLC5957 operates from a single +5V power supply. Operation over the industrial temperature range of -40˚C to +85˚C is guaranteed. National Semiconductor tests each part to verify compliance with the guaranteed specifications. n 70MSPS n Wide dynamic range: — SFDR: 74dBc — SFDR with dither: 85dBFS — SNR: 67dB n IF sampling capability n Input bandwidth = 0-300MHz n Low power dissipation: 640mW n Very small package: 48-pin TSSOP n Single +5V supply n Data valid clock output n Programmable output levels: 3.3V or 2.5V Applications n n n n n n n n Cellular base stations Digital communications Infrared/CCD imaging IF sampling Electro-optics Instrumentation Medical imaging High definition video 01502928 Block Diagram 01502902 © 2002 National Semiconductor Corporation DS015029 www.national.com CLC5957 12-Bit, 70 MSPS Broadband Monolithic A/D Converter April 2002 CLC5957 Pin Configuration Ordering Information CLC5957MTD 48-Pin TSSOP CLC5957MTDX 48-Pin TSSOP (Taped Reel) CLC5957PCASM Evaluation Board 01502901 Pin Descriptions Pin Name AIN AIN ENCODE ENCODE VCM D0–D11 GND Pin No. Description 13, 14 Differential input with a common mode voltage of +2.4V. The ADC full scale input is 1.024 VPP on each of the complimentary input signals. 9, 10 Differential clock where ENCODE initiates a new data conversion cycle on each rising edge. Logic for these inputs are a 50% duty cycle universal differential signal ( > 200mV). The clock input is internally biased to VCC/2 with a termination impedance of 2.5kΩ. 21 Internal common mode voltage reference. Nominally +2.4V. Can be used for the input common mode voltage. This voltage is derived from an internal bandgap reference. VCM should be buffered when driving any external load. Failure to buffer this signal can cause errors in the internal bias currents. 30–34, 39–45 Digital data outputs are CMOS and TTL compatible. D0 is the LSB and D11 is the MSB. MSB is inverted. Output coding is two’s complement. Current limited to source/sink 2.5mA typical. 1–4, 8, 11, 12, 15, 19, 20, 23–26, 35, 36, 47, 48 Circuit ground. +AVCC 5–7, 16–18, 22 +5V power supply for the analog section. Bypass to ground with a 0.1 µF capacitor. +DVCC 37, 38, 46 +5V power supply for the digital section. Bypass to ground with a 0.1 µF capacitor. NC 29 No connect. May be left open or grounded. DAV 27 Data Valid Clock. Data is valid on rising edge. Current limited to source/sink 5mA typical. OUTLEV 28 Output Logic 3.3V or 2.5V option. Open = 3.3V, GND = 2.5V. www.national.com 2 Recommended Operating Conditions (Note 1) If Military/Aerospace specified devices are required, please contact the National Semiconductor Sales Office/ Distributors for availability and specifications. Positive Supply Voltage (VCC) Infinite Junction Temperature (Note 7) 175˚C ESD tolerance human body model machine model (Note 7) Package θJA θJC 48-Pin TSSOP 56˚C/W 16˚C/W Reliability Information −65˚C to +150˚C Lead Solder Duration (+300˚C) −40˚C to +85˚C Package Thermal Resistance −0.5V to +VCC Output Short Circuit Duration (one-pin to ground) 2.048 VPP diff. Operating Temperature Range GND to VCC Digital Input Voltage Range Storage Temperature Range Analog Input Voltage Range < 100 mV Analog Input Voltage Range +5V ± 5% Positive Supply Voltage (VCC) −0.5V to +6V Differential Voltage between any two Grounds CLC5957 Absolute Maximum Ratings Transistor Count 10 sec. 5000 2000V 200V Converter Electrical Characteristics The following specifications apply for AVCC = DVCC = +5V, 66MSPS. Boldface limits apply for TA = Tmin = −40˚C to Tmax = +85˚C, all other limits TA = 25˚C (Note 3). Symbol Parameter Conditions Min Typ Max Units DYNAMIC PERFORMANCE BW Large-Signal Bandwidth AIN = −3 dBFS 300 MHz Overvoltage Recovery Time AIN = 1.5 FS (0.01%) 12 ns −0.41 ns 0.3 ps(rms) 67 dBFS 66 dBFS tA Effective Aperture Delay tAJ Aperture Jitter NOISE AND DISTORTION fIN = 5 MHz, AIN = −1dBFS SNR Signal-to-Noise Ratio (without 50 *(Note 2) harmonics) fIN = 25 MHz, AIN = −1dBFS* 60 fIN = 75 MHz, AIN = −3dBFS 65 dBFS fIN = 150 MHz, AIN = −15dBFS 66 dBFS fIN = 250 MHz, AIN = −15dBFS 66 dBFS 74 dBc fIN = 5 MHz, AIN = −1dBFS fIN = 25 MHz, AIN = −1dBFS* Spurious-Free Dynamic Range SFDR Spurious-Free Dynamic Range (dithered) Intermodulation Distortion IMD Intermodulation Distortion (dithered) 60 74 dBc fIN = 75 MHz, AIN = −3dBFS 72 dBc fIN = 150 MHz, AIN = −15dBFS 69 dBc fIN = 250 MHz, AIN = −15dBFS 65 dBc fIN = 19 MHz, AIN = −6dBFS 85 dBFS fIN1 = 149.84 MHz, fIN2 = 149.7 MHz, AIN = −10dBFS 68 dBFS fIN1 = 249.86 MHz, fIN2 = 249.69 MHz, AIN = −10dBFS 58 dBFS fIN1 = 74 MHz, fIN2 = 75 MHz, AIN = −12dBFS 83 dBFS ± 0.65 ± 1.5 LSB DC ACCURACY AND PERFORMANCE DNL INL Differential Non-Linearity fIN = 5MHz, AIN = −1dBFS Integral Non-Linearity fIN = 5MHz, AIN = −1dBFS Offset Error (Note 2) −30 Gain Error VREF LSB 30 1.2 Reference Voltage (Note 2) No Missing Codes (Note 2) 0 2.2 fIN = 5MHz, AIN = -1dBFS 3 2.37 mV % FS 2.6 V Guaranteed www.national.com CLC5957 Converter Electrical Characteristics (Continued) The following specifications apply for AVCC = DVCC = +5V, 66MSPS. Boldface limits apply for TA = Tmin = −40˚C to Tmax = +85˚C, all other limits TA = 25˚C (Note 3). Symbol Parameter Conditions Min Typ Max Units ANALOG INPUTS VIN Analog Diff Input Voltage Range RIN (SE) Analog Input Resistance (Single-Ended) 2.048 VPP 500 Ω RIN (Diff) Analog Input Resistance (Differential) 1000 Ω Analog Input Capacitance (Single-ended) 2 pF CIN ENCODE INPUTS (UNIVERSAL) VIH Logic Input High Voltage (Note 4),(Note 5) VIL Logic Input Low Voltage(Note 4),(Note 5) 0 V Differential Input Swing (Note 4),(Note 5) 0.2 V 5 V DIGITAL OUTPUTS VOL Logic Output Low Voltage (Note 2) VOH Logic Output High Voltage (Note 2) 0.01 0.4 V OUTLEV = 1 (open) 3.2 3.5 3.8 V OUTLEV = 0 (GND) 2.4 2.7 3.0 V 70 75 MSPS 10 MSPS TIMING (Note 6) Maximum Conversion Rate (ENCODE) (Note 2) Minimum Conversion Rate (ENCODE) tP Pulse Width High (ENCODE) (Note 4) 50% threshold 7.1 ns tM Pulse Width Low (ENCODE) (Note 4) 50% threshold 7.1 ns tDNV ENCODE falling edge to DATA not valid (Note 4) 8.3 ns tDGV ENCODE falling edge to DATA guaranteed valid (Note 4) tDAV Rising ENCODE to rising DAV delay (Note 4) tS DATA setup time before rising DAV (Note 4) tM−2.4 ns tH DATA hold time after rising DAV (Note 4) tP−1.6 ns 50% threshold Pipeline latency www.national.com 8.3 17.8 ns 12.6 ns 3.0 4 clk cycle (Continued) The following specifications apply for AVCC = DVCC = +5V, 66MSPS. Boldface limits apply for TA = Tmin = −40˚C to Tmax = +85˚C, all other limits TA = 25˚C (Note 3). Symbol Parameter Conditions Min Typ Max Units Total Operating Supply Current (Note 2) 128 150 mA Power Dissipation (Note 2) 640 750 mW Power Supply Rejection Ratio 64 POWER REQUIREMENTS ICC dB Note 1: “Absolute Maximum Ratings” are limiting values, to be applied individually, and beyond which the serviceability of the circuit may be impaired. Functional operability under any of these conditions is not necessarily implied. Exposure to maximum ratings for extended periods may affect device reliability. Note 2: These parameters are guaranteed by test. Note 3: Typical specifications are based on the mean test values of deliverable converters from the first three diffusion lots. Note 4: Values guaranteed based on characterization and simulation. Note 5: See page 14, Figure 3 for ENCODE inputs circuit. Note 6: CL = 7pF DATA; 10pF DAV. Note 7: The absolute maximum junction (TJmax) temperature for this device is 175˚C. The maximum allowable power dissipation is dictated by TJmax, the junction-to-ambient thermal resistance (θJA), and the ambient temperature (TA), and can be calculated using the formula PDmax = (TJmax – TA)/θJA. For the 48-pin TSSOP, θJA is 56˚C/W, so PDmax = 2.68W at 25˚C and 1.6W at the maximum operating ambient temperature of 85˚C. Note that the power dissipation of this device under normal operation will typically be about 650 mW (640 mW quiescent power + 10 mW due to 1 TTL load on each digital output). The values of absolute maximum power dissipation will only be reached when the CLC5957 is operated in a severe fault condition (e.g., when input or output pins are driven beyond the power supply voltages, or the power supply polarity is reversed). Obviously, such conditions should always be avoided. 5 www.national.com CLC5957 Converter Electrical Characteristics CLC5957 Typical Performance Characteristics (AVCC = DVCC = +5V) 01502905 01502904 01502906 01502903 01502908 01502907 www.national.com 6 CLC5957 Typical Performance Characteristics (AVCC = DVCC = +5V) (Continued) 01502909 01502910 01502911 01502912 01502913 01502914 7 www.national.com CLC5957 Typical Performance Characteristics (AVCC = DVCC = +5V) (Continued) 01502915 01502930 01502916 www.national.com 01502917 8 CLC5957 Timing Diagrams 015029F8 CLC5957 APERTURE DELAY Diagram 015029F9 CLC5957 ENCODE to Data Timing Diagram 015029H1 CLC5957 ENCODE to DAV Timing Diagram 015029H2 CLC5957 DAV to Data Timing Diagram 9 www.national.com CLC5957 Single IF Down Converter (Diversity Receiver Chipset) 01502920 01502922 www.national.com 10 CLC5957 Evaluation Board 01502923 Evaluation Board Schematic 11 www.national.com CLC5957 Evaluation Board (Continued) 01502924 CLC5957PCASM Layer 1 01502926 CLC5957PCASM Layer 2 www.national.com 12 CLC5957 Evaluation Board (Continued) 01502925 CLC5957PCASM Layer 3 01502927 CLC5957PCASM Layer 4 13 www.national.com CLC5957 CLC5957 Applications Analog Inputs and Bias Figure 1 depicts the analog input and bias scheme. Each of the differential analog inputs are internally biased to a nominal voltage of 2.40V DC through a 500Ω resistor to a low impedance buffer. This enables a simple interface to a broadband RF transformer with a center-tapped output winding that is decoupled to the analog ground. If the application requires the inputs to be DC coupled, the VCM output can be used to establish the proper common-mode input voltage for the ADC. The VCM voltage reference is generated from an internal bandgap source that is very accurate and stable. 015029F3 FIGURE 3. CLC5957 ENCODE Clock Inputs The internal bias resistors simplify the clock interface to another center-tapped transformer as depicted in Figure 4. A low phase noise, RF synthesizer of moderate amplitude (1 − 4VPP) can drive the ADC through this interface. 015029F1 FIGURE 1. CLC5957 Bias Scheme The VCM output may also be used to power down the ADC. When the VCM pin is pulled above 3.5V, the internal bias mirror is disabled and the total current is reduced to less than 10mA. Figure 2 depicts how this function can be used. The diode is necessary to prevent the logic gate from altering the ADC bias value. 015029F4 FIGURE 4. Transformer Coupled Clock Scheme Figure 5 shows the clock interface scheme for square wave clock sources. 015029F2 FIGURE 2. Power Shutdown Scheme ENCODE Clock Inputs The CLC5957’s differential input clock scheme is compatible with all commonly used clock sources. Although small differential and single-ended signals are adequate, for best aperture jitter performance a low noise differential clock with a high slew rate is preferred. As depicted in Figure 3, both ENCODE clock inputs are internally biased to VCC/2 through a pair of 5kΩ resistors. The clock input buffer operates with any common-mode voltage between the supply and ground. 015029F5 FIGURE 5. TTL, 3V CMOS or 5V CMOS Clock Scheme www.national.com 14 CLC5957 CLC5957 Applications (Continued) Digital Outputs and Level Select Figure 6 depicts the digital output buffer and bias used in the CLC5957. Although each of the twelve output bits uses a controlled current buffer to limit supply transients, it is recommended that parasitic loading of the outputs is minimized. Because these output transients are harmonically related to the analog input signal, excessive loading will degrade ADC performance at some frequencies. power savings occurs at lower sample rates, since most of the power is used in analog circuits rather than digital circuits. CLC5957 Evaluation Board Description The Evaluation board for the CLC5957 allows for easy test and evaluation of the product. The part may be ordered with all components loaded and tested. The order number is the CLC5957PCASM. The user supplies an analog input signal, encode signal and power to the board and is able to take latched 12-bit digital data out of the board. ENCODE Input (ENC) The ENCODE input is an SMA connector with a termination of 50Ω. The encode signal is converted to an AC coupled, differential clock signal centered between VCC and ground. The user should supply a sinusoidal or square wave signal of > 200mVPP and < 4 VPP with a 50% duty cycle. The duty cycle can vary from 50% if the minimum clock pulse width times are observed. A low jitter source will be required for IF-sampled analog input signals to maintain best performance. 015029F7 FIGURE 6. CLC5957 Digital Outputs CLC5957 Clock Option The CLC5957 evaluation board is configured for use with an optional crystal clock oscillator source. The component Y1 may be loaded with a ’Full-sized’, HCMOS type, crystal oscillator. The logic high level is slaved to the internal 2.4V reference. The OUTLEV control pin selects either a 3.3V or 2.5V logic high level. An internal pull up resistor selects the 3.3V level as the default when the OUTLEV pin is left open. Grounding the OUTLEV pin selects the 2.5V logic high level. To ease user interface to subsequent digital circuitry, the CLC5957 has a data valid clock output (DAV). In order to match delays over IC processing variables, this digital output also uses the same output buffer as the data bits. The DAV clock output is simply a delayed version of the ENCODE input clock. Since the ADC output data change is slaved to the falling edge of the ENCODE clock, the rising DAV clock edge occurs near the center of the data valid window (or eye) regardless of the sampling frequency. Analog Input (AIN) The analog input is an SMA connector with a 50Ω termination. The signal is converted from single to differential by a transformer with a 5 to 260MHz bandwidth and approximately one dB loss. Full scale is approximately 11dBm or 2.2VPP. It is recommended that the source for the analog input signal be low jitter, low noise and low distortion to allow for proper test and evaluation of the CLC5957. Supply voltages (J1 pins 31 A&B and 32 A&B) The CLC5957PCASM is powered from a single 5V supply connected from the referenced pins on the Eurocard connector. The recommended supplies are low noise linear supplies. Minimum Conversion Rate This ADC is optimized for high-speed operation. The internal bipolar track and hold circuits will cause droop errors at low sample rates. The point at which these errors cause a degradation of performance is listed on the specification page as the minimum conversion rate. If a lower sample rate is desired, the ADC should be clocked at a higher rate, and the output data should be decimated. For example, to obtain a 10MSPS output, the ADC should be clocked at 20MHZ, and every other output sample should be used. No significant Digital Outputs (J1 pins 7B (MSB, D11) through 18B (LSB) and 20B (Data Valid)) The digital outputs are provided on the Eurocard connector. The outputs are buffered by 5V CMOS latches with 50Ω series output resistors. The rising edge of Data Valid may be used to clock the output data into data collection cards or logic analyzers. The board has a location for the HP 01650-63203 termination adapter for HP 16500 logic analyzers to simplify connection to the analyzer. 15 www.national.com CLC5957 12-Bit, 70 MSPS Broadband Monolithic A/D Converter Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted 48-Lead TSSOP (Millimeters Only) Order Number CLC5957MTD NS Package Number MTD48 LIFE SUPPORT POLICY NATIONAL’S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE PRESIDENT AND GENERAL COUNSEL OF NATIONAL SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION. As used herein: 1. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems which, (a) are intended for surgical implant into the body, or (b) support or sustain life, and whose failure to perform when properly used in accordance with instructions for use provided in the labeling, can be reasonably expected to result in a significant injury to the user. National Semiconductor Corporation Americas Email: [email protected] www.national.com National Semiconductor Europe Fax: +49 (0) 180-530 85 86 Email: [email protected] Deutsch Tel: +49 (0) 69 9508 6208 English Tel: +44 (0) 870 24 0 2171 Français Tel: +33 (0) 1 41 91 8790 2. A critical component is any component of a life support device or system whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected to cause the failure of the life support device or system, or to affect its safety or effectiveness. National Semiconductor Asia Pacific Customer Response Group Tel: 65-2544466 Fax: 65-2504466 Email: [email protected] National Semiconductor Japan Ltd. Tel: 81-3-5639-7560 Fax: 81-3-5639-7507 National does not assume any responsibility for use of any circuitry described, no circuit patent licenses are implied and National reserves the right at any time without notice to change said circuitry and specifications.