RE46C190 CMOS Low Voltage Photoelectric Smoke Detector ASIC with Interconnect and Timer Mode Features Description • • • • • • • • • • • • • • The RE46C190 is a low power, low voltage CMOS photoelectric type smoke detector IC. With minimal external components, this circuit will provide all the required features for a photoelectric-type smoke detector. Two AA Battery Operation Internal Power On Reset Low Quiescent Current Consumption Available in 16L N SOIC Local Alarm Memory Interconnect up to 40 Detectors 9 Minute Timer for Sensitivity Control Temporal or Continuous Horn Pattern Internal Low Battery and Chamber Test All Internal Oscillator Internal Infrared Emitter Diode (IRED) driver Adjustable IRED Drive current Adjustable Hush Sensitivity 2% Low Battery Set Point The design incorporates a gain-selectable photo amplifier for use with an infrared emitter/detector pair. An internal oscillator strobes power to the smoke detection circuitry every 10 seconds, to keep the standby current to a minimum. If smoke is sensed, the detection rate is increased to verify an Alarm condition. A high gain mode is available for push button chamber testing. A check for a low battery condition is performed every 86 seconds, and chamber integrity is tested once every 43 seconds, when in Standby. The temporal horn pattern supports the NFPA 72 emergency evacuation signal. An interconnect pin allows multiple detectors to be connected such that, when one unit alarms, all units will sound. An internal 9 minute timer can be used for a Reduced Sensitivity mode. Utilizing low power CMOS technology, the RE46C190 was designed for use in smoke detectors that comply with Underwriters Laboratory Specification UL217 and UL268. PIN CONFIGURATION RE46C190 SOIC 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. VSS 1 16 LX IRED 2 15 VBST VDD 3 14 HS TEST 4 13 HB TEST2 5 12 IO IRP 6 11 IRCAP IRN 7 10 FEED RLED 8 9 GLED DS22271A-page 1 RE46C190 TYPICAL BLOCK DIAGRAM TEST2 (5) TEST (4) LX (16) Boost Control Precision Reference VDD (3) R3 + - R4 + IRP (6) IRN (7) Current Sense Low Battery Comparator Boost Comparator + - Smoke Comparator Photo Integrator Control Logic and Timing VBST (15) RLED (8) Level Shift Horn Driver + IRCAP (11) Programmable Limits IRED (2) VSS (1) DS22271A-page 2 High Normal Hysteresis Programmable IRED Current Trimmed Oscilator HB (13) POR and BIAS HS (14) FEED (10) Programming Control Interconnect IO (12) GLED (9) 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. RE46C190 TYPICAL BATTERY APPLICATION VDD R1 Battery 100 C1 10 µF 3V C2 1 µF Push-to-Test/ Hush L1 10 µH D1 1 VSS VBST R7 100 R6 330 TP1 2 IRED C3 100 µF TP2 D4 Smoke Chamber D2 D3 RED D5 GREEN VBST RE46C190 LX 16 VBST 15 3 VDD HS 14 4 TEST HB 13 5 TEST2 IO 12 6 IRP IRCAP11 7 IRN FEED10 8 RLED GLED 9 C5 R4 1.5M 1 nF R5 C6 R3 200K C4 4.7 µF To other Units 330 33 µF Note 1: C2 should be located as close as possible to the device power pins, and C1 should be located as close as possible to VSS. 2: R3, R4 and C5 are typical values and may be adjusted to maximize sound pressure. 3: DC-DC converter in High Boost mode (nominal VBST = 9.6V) can draw current pulses of greater than 1A, and is therefore very sensitive to series resistance. Critical components of this resistance are the inductor DC resistance, the internal resistance of the battery and the resistance in the connections from the inductor to the battery, from the inductor to the LX pin and from the VSS pin to the battery. In order to function properly under full load at VDD= 2V, the total of the inductor and interconnect resistances should not exceed 0.3 . The internal battery resistance should be no more than 0.5 and a low ESR capacitor of 10 µF or more should be connected in parallel with the battery, to average the current draw over the boost converter cycle. 4: Schottky diode D1 must have a maximum peak current rating of at least 1.5A. For best results it should have forward voltage specification of less than 0.5V at 1A, and low reverse leakage. 5: Inductor L1 must have a maximum peak current rating of at least 1.5A. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS22271A-page 3 RE46C190 NOTES: DS22271A-page 4 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. RE46C190 1.0 † Notice: Stresses above those listed under “Maximum ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress rating only and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions above those indicated in the operation listings of this specification is not implied. Exposure to maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability. ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS Absolute Maximum Ratings† Supply Voltage .....................................VDD=5.5V; VBST =13V Input Voltage Range Except FEED, TEST..... VIN = -.3V to VDD +.3V FEED Input Voltage Range ..................... VINFD =-10 to +22V TEST Input Voltage Range ......... VINTEST =-.3V to VBST+.3V Input Current except FEED ................................... IIN = 10 mA Continuous Operating Current (HS, HB, VBST)...... IO= 40 mA Continuous Operating Current (IRED) ...............IOIR= 300 mA Operating Temperature ...............................TA = -10 to +60°C Storage Temperature ............................TSTG = -55 to +125°C ESD Human Body Model .................................. VHBM = 750V ESD Machine Model .............................................VMM = 75V DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS DC Electrical Characteristics: Unless otherwise indicated, all parameters apply at TA = -10 to +60°C, VDD = 3V, VBST = 4.2V, Typical Application (unless otherwise noted)(Note 1, Note 2, Note 3) Symbol Test Pin Min Typ Max Units Supply Voltage VDD 3 2 — 5.0 V Operating Supply Current IDD1 3 — 1 2 µA Standby, Inputs low, No loads, Boost Off, No smoke check Standby Boost Current IBST1 15 — 100 — nA Standby, Inputs low, No loads, Boost Off, No smoke check IRCAP Supply Current IIRCAP 11 — 500 — µA During smoke check Boost Voltage VBST1 15 3.0 3.6 4.2 V IRCAP charging for Smoke Check, GLED operation IOUT = 40 mA VBST2 15 8.5 9.6 10.7 V No local alarm, RLED Operation, IOUT = 40 mA, IO as an input IINOP 6 -200 — 200 pA IRP = VDD or VSS 7 -200 — 200 pA IRN = VDD or VSS Parameter Input Leakage Input Voltage Low Note 1: 2: 3: 4: Conditions IIHF 10 — 20 50 µA FEED = 22V; VBST = 9V IILF 10 -50 -15 — µA FEED = -10V; VBST = 10.7V VIL1 10 — — 2.7 V FEED, VBST = 9V VIL2 12 — — 800 mV No local alarm, IO as an input Wherever a specific VBST value is listed under test conditions, the VBST is forced externally with the inductor disconnected and the DC-DC converter NOT running. Typical values are for design information only. Limits over the specified temperature range are not production tested and are based on characterization data. Unless otherwise stated, production test is at room temperature with guardbanded limits. Not production tested. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS22271A-page 5 RE46C190 DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (CONTINUED) DC Electrical Characteristics: Unless otherwise indicated, all parameters apply at TA = -10 to +60°C, VDD = 3V, VBST = 4.2V, Typical Application (unless otherwise noted)(Note 1, Note 2, Note 3) Parameter Input Voltage High IO Hysteresis Input Pull Down Current Output Voltage Low Symbol Test Pin Min Typ Max Units VIH1 10 6.2 — — V FEED; VBST = 9V VIH2 12 2.0 — — V No local alarm, IO as an input Conditions VHYST1 12 — 150 — mV IPD1 4, 5 0.25 — 10 µA VIN = VDD IPDIO1 12 20 — 80 µA VIN = VDD IPDIO2 12 — — 140 µA VIN = 15V VOL1 13, 14 — — 1 V IOL = 16 mA, VBST = 9V VOL2 8 — — 300 mV IOL = 10 mA, VBST = 9V VOL3 9 — — 300 mV Output High Voltage VOH1 13, 14 8.5 — — V Output Current IIOH1 12 -4 -5 — mA Alarm, VIO = 3V or VIO = 0V, VBST = 9V IIODMP 12 5 30 — mA At Conclusion of Local Alarm or Test, VIO=1V IIRED50 2 45 50 55 mA IRED on, VIRED = 1V, VBST = 5V, IRCAP = 5V, (50 mA option selected; TA = 27°C) IIRED100 2 90 100 110 mA IRED on, VIRED = 1V, VBST = 5V, IRCAP = 5V, (100 mA option selected; TA = 27°C) IIRED150 2 135 150 165 mA IRED on, VIRED = 1V, VBST = 5V, IRCAP = 5V, (150 mA option selected; TA = 27°C) IIRED2050 2 180 200 220 mA IRED on, VIRED = 1V, VBST = 5V, IRCAP = 5V, (200 mA option selected; TA = 27°C) — 0.5 — %/°C VBST = 5V, IRCAP = 5V; Note 4 IRED Current Temperature Coefficient Note 1: 2: 3: 4: TCIRED IOL = 10 mA, VBST = 3.6V IOL = 16 mA, VBST = 9V Wherever a specific VBST value is listed under test conditions, the VBST is forced externally with the inductor disconnected and the DC-DC converter NOT running. Typical values are for design information only. Limits over the specified temperature range are not production tested and are based on characterization data. Unless otherwise stated, production test is at room temperature with guardbanded limits. Not production tested. DS22271A-page 6 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. RE46C190 DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (CONTINUED) DC Electrical Characteristics: Unless otherwise indicated, all parameters apply at TA = -10 to +60°C, VDD = 3V, VBST = 4.2V, Typical Application (unless otherwise noted)(Note 1, Note 2, Note 3) Symbol Test Pin Min Typ Max Units VLB1 3 2.05 2.1 2.15 V Falling Edge; 2.1V nominal selected VLB2 3 2.15 2.2 2.25 V Falling Edge; 2.2V nominal selected VLB3 3 2.25 2.3 2.35 V Falling Edge; 2.3V nominal selected VLB4 3 2.35 2.4 2.45 V Falling Edge; 2.4V nominal selected VLB5 3 2.45 2.5 2.55 V Falling Edge; 2.5V nominal selected VLB6 3 2.55 2.6 2.65 V Falling Edge; 2.6V nominal selected VLB7 3 2.65 2.7 2.75 V Falling Edge; 2.7V nominal selected VLB8 3 2.75 2.8 2.85 V Falling Edge; 2.8V nominal selected VLBHYST 3 — 100 — mV IRCAP Turn On Voltage VTIR1 11 3.6 4.0 4.4 V Falling edge; VBST = 5V; IOUT = 20 mA IRCAP Turn Off Voltage VTIR2 11 4.0 4.4 4.8 V Rising edge; VBST = 5V; IOUT = 20 mA Parameter Low Battery Alarm Voltage Low Battery Hysteresis Note 1: 2: 3: 4: Conditions Wherever a specific VBST value is listed under test conditions, the VBST is forced externally with the inductor disconnected and the DC-DC converter NOT running. Typical values are for design information only. Limits over the specified temperature range are not production tested and are based on characterization data. Unless otherwise stated, production test is at room temperature with guardbanded limits. Not production tested. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS22271A-page 7 RE46C190 AC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS AC Electrical Characteristics: Unless otherwise indicated, all parameters apply at TA = -10° to +60°C, VDD = 3V, VBST = 4.2V, Typical Application (unless otherwise noted) (Note 1 to Note 4). Parameter Symbol Test Pin Min Typ Max Units Condition 9.80 10.4 11.0 ms PROGSET, IO = high 9.80 10.4 11.0 ms Operating Time Base Internal Clock Period TPCLK RLED Indicator TON1 8 Standby Period TPLED1 8 320 344 368 s Local Alarm Period TPLED2A 8 470 500 530 ms Local alarm condition with temporal horn pattern TPLED2B 8 625 667 710 ms Local alarm condition with continuous horn pattern Hush Timer Period TPLED4 8 10 10.7 11.4 s Timer mode, no local alarm External Alarm Period TPLED0 8 s Remote alarm only Latched Alarm Period TPLED3 9 40 43 46 s Latched Alarm Condition, LED enabled Latched Alarm Pulse Train (3x) Off Time TOFLED 9 1.25 1.33 1.41 s Latched Alarm Condition, LED enabled Latched Alarm LED Enabled Duration TLALED 9 22.4 23.9 25.3 Hours Latched Alarm Condition, LED enabled TPER0A 2 10 10.7 11.4 s Standby, no alarm TPER1A 2 1.88 2.0 2.12 s Standby, after one valid smoke sample TPER2A 2 0.94 1.0 1.06 s Standby, after two consecutive valid smoke samples TPER3A 2 0.94 1.0 1.06 s Local Alarm (three consecutive valid smoke samples) TPER4A 2 235 250 265 ms Push button test, >1 chamber detections 313 333 353 ms Push button test, no chamber detections 7.5 8.0 8.5 s On Time LED IS NOT ON Standby, no alarm GLED Indicator Smoke Check Smoke Test Period with Temporal Horn Pattern TPER5A Note 1: 2: 3: 4: 2 In remote alarm See timing diagram for Horn Pattern (Figure 5-2). TPCLK and TIRON are 100% production tested. All other AC parameters are verified by functional testing. Typical values are for design information only. Limits over the specified temperature range are not production tested, and are based on characterization data. DS22271A-page 8 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. RE46C190 AC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (CONTINUED) AC Electrical Characteristics: Unless otherwise indicated, all parameters apply at TA = -10° to +60°C, VDD = 3V, VBST = 4.2V, Typical Application (unless otherwise noted) (Note 1 to Note 4). Parameter Smoke Test Period with Continuous Horn Pattern Symbol Test Pin Min Typ Max Units Condition TPER0B 2 10 10.7 11.4 s Standby, no alarm TPER1B 2 2.5 2.7 2.9 s Standby, after one valid smoke sample TPER2B 2 1.25 1.33 1.41 s Standby, after two consecutive valid smoke samples TPER3B 2 1.25 1.33 1.41 s Local Alarm (three consecutive valid smoke samples) TPER4B 2 313 333 353 ms Push button test TPER5B 2 10 10.7 11.4 s In remote alarm Chamber Test Period TPCT1 2 40 43 46 s Standby, no alarm Long Term Drift Sample Period TLTD 2 400 430 460 s Standby, no alarm LTD enabled TPLB1 3 320 344 368 s RLED on TPLB2 3 80 86 92 s RLED on Low Battery Horn Period THPER1 13 40 43 46 s Low battery, no alarm Chamber Fail Horn Period THPER2 13 40 43 46 s Chamber failure Low Battery Horn On Time THON1 13 9.8 10.4 11.0 ms Low battery, no alarm Chamber Fail Horn On Time THON2 13 9.8 10.4 11.0 ms Chamber failure Chamber Fail Off Time THOF1 13 305 325 345 ms Failed chamber, no alarm, 3x chirp option Alarm On Time with Temporal Horn Pattern THON2A 13 470 500 530 ms Local or remote alarm (Note 1) Alarm Off Time with Temporal Horn Pattern THOF2A 13 470 500 530 ms Local or remote alarm (Note 1) THOF3A 13 1.4 1.5 1.6 s Local or remote alarm (Note 1) Alarm On Time with Continuous Horn Pattern THON2B 13 235 250 265 ms Local or remote alarm (Note 1) Alarm Off Time with Continuous Horn Pattern THOF2B 13 78 83 88 ms Local or remote alarm (Note 1) Low Battery Low Battery Sample Period Horn Operation Note 1: 2: 3: 4: See timing diagram for Horn Pattern (Figure 5-2). TPCLK and TIRON are 100% production tested. All other AC parameters are verified by functional testing. Typical values are for design information only. Limits over the specified temperature range are not production tested, and are based on characterization data. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS22271A-page 9 RE46C190 AC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (CONTINUED) AC Electrical Characteristics: Unless otherwise indicated, all parameters apply at TA = -10° to +60°C, VDD = 3V, VBST = 4.2V, Typical Application (unless otherwise noted) (Note 1 to Note 4). Parameter Symbol Test Pin Min Typ Max Units Condition Push-to-Test Alarm Memory On Time THON4 13 9.8 10.4 11.0 ms Alarm memory active, push-to-test Push-to-Test Alarm Memory Horn Period THPER4 13 235 250 265 ms Alarm memory active, push-to-test Interconnect Signal Operation (IO) IO Active Delay TIODLY1 12 — 0 — s From start of local alarm to IO active Remote Alarm Delay with Temporal Horn Pattern TIODLY2A 12 0.780 1.00 1.25 s No local alarm, from IO active to alarm Remote Alarm Delay TIODLY2B with Continuous Horn Pattern 12 380 572 785 ms No local alarm, from IO active to alarm IO Charge Dump Duration TIODMP 12 1.23 1.31 1.39 s IO Filter TIOFILT 12 — — 313 ms Standby, no alarm TTPER 8.0 8.6 9.1 Min No alarm TEOL 314 334 354 Hours 2 — 100 — µs Prog Bits 3,4 = 1,1 2 — 200 — µs Prog Bits 3,4 = 0,1 2 — 300 — µs Prog Bits 3,4 = 1,0 2 — 400 — µs Prog Bits 3,4 = 0,0 At conclusion of local alarm or test Hush Timer Operation Hush Timer Period EOL End-of-Life Age Sample EOL Enabled; Standby Detection IRED On Time Note 1: 2: 3: 4: TIRON See timing diagram for Horn Pattern (Figure 5-2). TPCLK and TIRON are 100% production tested. All other AC parameters are verified by functional testing. Typical values are for design information only. Limits over the specified temperature range are not production tested, and are based on characterization data. TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS Electrical Specifications: All limits specified for VDD = 3V, VBST = 4.2V and VSS = 0V, Except where noted in the Electrical Characteristics. Parameters Sym Min Typ Max Units Conditions Temperature Ranges Operating Temperature Range Storage Temperature Range TA -10 — +60 °C TSTG -55 — +125 °C θJA — 86.1 — °C/W Thermal Package Resistances Thermal Resistance, 16L-SOIC (150 mil.) DS22271A-page 10 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. RE46C190 2.0 PIN DESCRIPTIONS The descriptions of the pins are listed in Table 2-1. TABLE 2-1: PIN FUNCTION TABLE RE46C190 SOIC Symbol 1 VSS 2 IRED Provides a regulated and programmable pulsed current for the infrared emitter diode. 3 VDD Connect to the positive supply or battery voltage. 4 TEST This input is used to invoke Test modes and the Timer mode. This input has an internal pull-down. 5 TEST2 Test input for test and programming modes. This input has an internal pull-down. 6 IRP Connect to the anode of the photo diode. 7 IRN Connect to the cathode of the photo diode. 8 RLED Open drain NMOS output, used to drive a visible LED. This pin provides load current for the low battery test, and is a visual indicator for Alarm and Hush modes. 9 GLED Open drain NMOS output used to drive a visible LED to provide visual indication of an Alarm Memory condition. 10 FEED Usually connected to the feedback electrode through a current limiting resistor. If not used, this pin must be connected to VDD or VSS. 11 IRCAP Used to charge and monitor the IRED capacitor. 12 IO This bidirectional pin provides the capability to interconnect many detectors in a single system. This pin has an internal pull-down device and a charge dump device. 13 HB This pin is connected to the metal electrode of a piezoelectric transducer. 14 HS This pin is a complementary output to HB, connected to the ceramic electrode of the piezoelectric transducer. 15 VBST 16 LX 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. Function Connect to the negative supply voltage. Boosted voltage produced by DC-DC converter. Open drain NMOS output, used to drive the boost converter inductor. The inductor should be connected from this pin to the positive supply through a low resistance path. DS22271A-page 11 RE46C190 NOTES: DS22271A-page 12 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. RE46C190 3.0 DEVICE DESCRIPTION 3.1 Standby Internal Timing The internal oscillator is trimmed to ±6% tolerance. Once every 10 seconds, the boost converter is powered up, the IRcap is charged from VBST and then the detection circuitry is active for 10 ms. Prior to completion of the 10 mS period, the IRED pulse is active for a user-programmable duration of 100400 µs. During this IRED pulse, the photo diode current is integrated and then digitized. The result is compared to a limit value stored in EEPROM during calibration to determine the photo chamber status. If a smoke condition is present, the period to the next detection decreases, and additional checks are made. 3.2 Smoke Detection Circuitry The digitized photo amplifier integrator output is compared to the stored limit value at the conclusion of the IRED pulse period. The IRED drive is all internal, and both the period and current are user programmable. Three consecutive smoke detections will cause the device to go into Alarm and activate the horn and interconnect circuits. In Alarm, the horn is driven at the high boost voltage level, which is regulated based on an internal voltage reference, and therefore results in consistent audibility over battery life. RLED will turn on for 10 ms at a 2 Hz rate. In Local Alarm, the integration limit is internally decreased to provide alarm hysteresis. The integrator has three separate gain settings: 3.3 Supervisory Tests Once every 86 seconds, the status of the battery voltage is checked by enabling the boost converter for 10 ms and comparing a fraction of the VDD voltage to an internal reference. In each period of 344 seconds, the battery voltage is checked four times. Three checks are unloaded and one check is performed with the RLED enabled, which provides a battery load. The High Boost mode is active only for the loaded low battery test. In addition, once every 43 seconds the chamber is activated and a High Gain mode and chamber test limits are internally selected. A check of the chamber is made by amplifying background reflections. The Low Boost mode is used for the chamber test. If either the low battery test or the chamber test fails, the horn will pulse on for 10 ms every 43 seconds, and will continue to pulse until the failing condition passes. If two consecutive chamber tests fail, the horn will pulse on three times for 10 ms, separated by 330 ms every 43 seconds. Each of the two supervisory test audible indicators is separated by approximately 20 seconds. • Normal and Hysteresis • Reduced Sensitivity (HUSH) • High Gain for Chamber Test and Push-to-Test As an option, a Low Battery Silence mode can be invoked. If a low battery condition exists, and the TEST input is driven high, the RLED will turn on. If the TEST input is held for more than 0.5 second, the unit will enter the Push-to-test operation described in Section 3.4 “Push-to-Test Operation (PTT)”. After the TEST input is driven low, the unit enters in Low Battery Hush mode, and the 10 ms horn pulse is silenced for 8 hours. The activation of the test button will also initiate the 9 minute Reduced Sensitivity mode described in Section 3.6 “Reduced Sensitivity Mode”. At the end of the 8 hours, the audible indication will resume if the low battery condition still exists. There are four separate sets of integration limits (all user programmable): 3.4 • • • • Normal Detection Hysteresis HUSH Chamber Test and Push-to-Test modes In addition, there are user selectable integrator gain settings to optimize detection levels (see Table 4-1). 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. Push-to-Test Operation (PTT) If the TEST input pin is activated (VIH), the smoke detection rate increases to once every 250 ms after one internal clock cycle. In Push-to-Test, the photo amplifier High Gain mode is selected, and background reflections are used to simulate a smoke condition. After the required three consecutive detections, the device will go into a Local Alarm condition. When the TEST input is driven low (VIL), the photo amplifier Normal Gain is selected, after one clock cycle. The detection rate continues at once every 250 ms until three consecutive No Smoke conditions are detected. At this point, the device returns to standby timing. In addition, after the TEST input goes low, the device enters the HUSH mode (see Section 3.6 “Reduced Sensitivity Mode”). DS22271A-page 13 RE46C190 3.5 Interconnect Operation The bidirectional IO pin allows the interconnection of multiple detectors. In a Local Alarm condition, this pin is driven high (High Boost) immediately through a constant current source. Shorting this output to ground will not cause excessive current. The IO is ignored as input during a Local Alarm. The IO pin also has an NMOS discharge device that is active for 1.3 seconds after the conclusion of any type of Local Alarm. This device helps to quickly discharge any capacitance associated with the interconnect line. If a remote, active high signal is detected, the device goes into Remote Alarm and the horn will be active. RLED will be off, indicating a Remote Alarm condition. Internal protection circuitry allows the signaling unit to have a higher supply voltage than the signaled unit, without excessive current draw. The interconnect input has a 336 ms nominal digital filter. This allows the interconnection to other types of alarms (carbon monoxide, for example) that may have a pulsed interconnect signal. 3.6 Reduced Sensitivity Mode A Reduced Sensitivity or Hush mode is initiated by activating the TEST input (VIH). If the TEST input is activated during a Local Alarm, the unit is immediately reset out of the alarm condition, and the horn is silenced. When the TEST input is deactivated (VIL), the device enters into a 9-minute nominal Hush mode. During this period, the HUSH integration limit is selected. The hush gain is user programmable. In Reduced Sensitivity mode, the RLED flashes for 10 ms every 10 seconds to indicate that the mode is active. As an option, the Hush mode will be cancelled if any of the following conditions exist: • Reduced sensitivity threshold is exceeded (high smoke level) • An interconnect alarm occurs • TEST input is activated again DS22271A-page 14 3.7 Local Alarm Memory An Alarm Memory feature allows easy identification of any unit that had previously been in a Local Alarm condition. If a detector has entered a Local Alarm, when it exits that Local Alarm, the Alarm Memory latch is set. Initially the GLED can be used to visually identify any unit that had previously been in a Local Alarm condition. The GLED flashes three times spaced 1.3 seconds apart. This pattern will repeat every 43 seconds. The duration of the flash is 10 ms. In order to preserve battery power, this visual indication will stop after a period of 24 hours. The user will still be able to identify a unit with an active alarm memory by pressing the Push-to-Test button. When this button is active, the horn will chirp for 10 ms every 250 ms. If the Alarm Memory condition is set, then any time the Push-to-Test button is pressed and released, the Alarm Memory latch is reset. The initial 24 hour visual indication is not displayed if a low battery condition exists. 3.8 End of Life Indicator As an option, after every 14 days of continuous operation, the device will read a stored age count from the EEPROM and increment this count. After 10 years of powered operation, an audible warning will occur indicating that the unit should be replaced. This indicator will be similar to the chamber test failure warning in that the horn will pulse on three times for 10 ms separated by 330 ms every 43 seconds. This indicator will be separated from the low battery indicator by approximately 20 seconds. 3.9 Photo Chamber Long Term Drift Adjustment As an option, the design includes a Long Term Drift Adjustment for the photo chamber. If this option is selected, during calibration a normal no-smoke baseline integration measurement is made and stored in EEPROM. During normal operation, a new baseline is calculated by making 64 integration measurements over a period of 8 hours. These measurements are averaged and compared to the original baseline stored during calibration to calculate the long term drift. All four limits stored during calibration are adjusted by this drift factor. Drift sampling is suspended during Hush, Local Smoke and Remote Smoke conditions. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. RE46C190 4.0 USER PROGRAMMING MODES TABLE 4-1: PARAMETRIC PROGRAMMING Parametric Programming Range Resolution IRED Period 100-400 µs 100 µs IRED Current Sink 50-200 mA 50 mA Low Battery Detection Voltage 2.1 – 2.8V 100 mV Photo Detection Limits Typical Maximum Input Current (nA) 100 µs Normal/Hysteresis Hush Chamber Test Note 1: 2: 3: 200 µs 300 µs 400 µs GF = 1 58 29 19.4 14.5 GF = 2 29 14.5 9.6 7.2 GF = 3 14.5 7.2 4.8 3.6 GF = 4 7.2 3.6 2.4 1.8 GF = 1 116 58 38.8 29 GF = 2 58 29 19.4 14.5 GF = 3 29 14.5 9.6 7.2 GF = 4 14.5 7.2 4.8 3.6 GF = 1 29 14.5 9.6 7.2 GF = 2 14.5 7.2 4.8 3.6 GF = 3 7.2 3.6 2.4 1.8 GF = 4 3.6 1.8 1.2 0.9 GF is the user selectable Photo Integration Gain Factor. Once selected, it applies to all modes of operation. For example, if GF = 1 and integration time is selected to be 100 µs, the ranges will be as follows: Normal/Hysteresis = 58 nA, Hush = 116 nA, Chamber Test = 29 nA. Nominal measurement resolution in each case will be 1/31 of the maximum input range. The same current resolution and ranges applies to the limits. TABLE 4-2: FEATURES PROGRAMMING Features Tone Select Options Continuous or NFPA Tone 10 Year End-of-life Indicator Enable/Disable Photo Chamber Long Term Drift Adjustment Enable/Disable Low Battery Hush Enable/Disable Hush Options Option 1: Hush mode is not cancelled for any reason. If the test button is pushed during Hush, the unit reverts to Normal Sensitivity to test the unit, but when it comes out of test, resumes in Hush where it left off. Option 2: The Hush mode is cancelled if the Reduced Sensitivity threshold is exceeded (high smoke level), and if an external (interconnect alarm) is signaled. If the test button is pushed during Hush, after the test is executed, the Hush mode is terminated. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS22271A-page 15 RE46C190 4.1 Calibration and Programming Procedures Eleven separate programming and test modes are available for user customization. To enter these modes, after power-up, TEST2 must be driven to VDD and held at that level. The TEST input is then clocked to step through the modes. FEED and IO are reconfigured to become test mode inputs, while RLED, GLED and HB become test mode outputs. The test mode functions for each pin are outlined in Table 4-3. Mode TABLE 4-3: T0 When TEST2 is held at VDD, TEST becomes a tri-state input with nominal input levels at VSS, VDD and VBST. A TEST clock occurs whenever the TEST input switches from VSS to VBST. The TEST Data column represents the state of TEST when used as a data input, which would be either VSS or VDD. The TEST pin can therefore be used as both a clock, to change modes, and a data input, once a mode is set. Other pin functions are described in Section 4.2 “User Selections”. TEST MODE FUNCTIONS TEST Clock TEST Data TEST2 FEED IO RLED GLED HB VIH VBST VDD VDD VBST VDD — — — VIL VSS VSS — Description VSS VSS VSS — — Photo Gain Factor (2 bits) 0 ProgData VDD ProgCLK ProgEn 14 bits RLED GLED HB Integ Time (2 bits) 0 ProgData VDD ProgCLK ProgEn 14 bits RLED GLED HB IRED Current (2 bits) 0 ProgData VDD ProgCLK ProgEn 14 bits RLED GLED HB Low Battery Trip (3 bits) 0 ProgData VDD ProgCLK ProgEn 14 bits RLED GLED HB LTD Enable (1 bit) 0 ProgData VDD ProgCLK ProgEn 14 bits RLED GLED HB Hush Option (1 bit) 0 ProgData VDD ProgCLK ProgEn 14 bits RLED GLED HB LB Hush Enable (1 bit) 0 ProgData VDD ProgCLK ProgEn 14 bits RLED GLED HB EOL Enable (1 bit) 0 ProgData VDD ProgCLK ProgEn 14 bits RLED GLED HB VDD ProgCLK ProgEn 14 bits RLED GLED HB Tone Select (1 bit) 0 ProgData T1 Norm Lim Set (5 bits)( 4) 1 not used VDD CalCLK LatchLim( 3) Gamp IntegOut SmkComp( 1) T2 Hyst Lim Set (5 bits)( 4) 2 not used VDD CalCLK LatchLim( 3) Gamp IntegOut SmkComp( 1) T3 Hush Lim Set (5 bits)( 4) 3 not used VDD CalCLK LatchLim( 3) Gamp IntegOut SmkComp( 1) T4 Ch Test Lim Set (5 bits)( 4) 4 not used VDD CalCLK LatchLim( 3) Gamp IntegOut SmkComp( 1) T5 LTD Baseline (5 bits) 5 not used VDD MeasEn ProgEn 25 bits Gamp IntegOut SmkComp( 1) T6 Serial Read/Write 6 ProgData VDD ProgCLK ProgEn RLED T7 Norm Lim Check 7 not used VDD MeasEn not used Gamp IntegOut SCMP( 2) T8 Hyst Lim Check 8 not used VDD MeasEn not used Gamp IntegOut SCMP( 2) T9 Hush Lim Check 9 not used VDD MeasEn not used Gamp IntegOut SCMP( 2) T10 Ch Test Lim Check 10 not used VDD MeasEn not used Gamp IntegOut SCMP( 2) T11 Horn Test 11 not used VDD FEED HornEn RLED Note 1: 2: 3: 4: GLED GLED Serial Out HB SmkComp (HB) – digital comparator output (high if Gamp < IntegOut; low if Gamp > IntegOut) SCMP (HB) – digital output representing comparison of measurement value and associated limit. Signal is valid only after MeasEn has been asserted and measurement has been made. (SCMP high if measured value > limit; low if measured value < limit). LatchLim (IO) – digital input used to latch present state of limits (Gamp level) for later storage. T1-T4 limits are latched, but not stored until ProgEn is asserted in T5 mode. Operating the circuit in this manner with nearly continuous IRED current for an extended period of time may result in undesired or excessive heating of the part. The duration of this step should be minimized. DS22271A-page 16 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. RE46C190 4.2 User Selections Prior to smoke calibration, the user must program the functional options and parametric selections. This requires that 14 bits, representing selected values, be clocked in serially using TEST as a data input and FEED as a clock input, and then be stored in the internal EEPROM. The detailed steps are as follows: 1. Power up with bias conditions as shown in Figure 4-1. At power-up TEST = TEST2 = FEED = IO = VSS. RE46C190 1 VSS 2 IRED V1 3V HS 14 4 TEST HB 13 6 IRP D3 VBST 15 3 VDD 5 TEST2 D2 LX 16 V2 5V IO 12 IRCAP 11 7 IRN FEED 10 8 RLED GLED 9 V3 5V Smoke Chamber Monitor RLED, GLED, and HB V4 FIGURE 4-1: V5 V6 V7 Nominal Application Circuit for Programming. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS22271A-page 17 RE46C190 2. 3. Drive TEST2 input from VSS to VDD and hold at VDD through Step 5 below. Using TEST as data and FEED as clock, shift in values as selected from Register 4-1. REGISTER 4-1: Note: For test mode T0 only 14 bits (bits 25-38) will be loaded. For test mode T6 all 39 bits (bits 0-38), will be loaded. CONFIGURATION AND CALIBRATION SETTINGS REGISTER W-x W-x W-x W-x W-x W-x W-x TS EOL LBH HUSH LTD LB0 LB1 bit 38 bit 32 W-x W-x W-x W-x W-x W-x W-x W-x LB2 IRC1 IRC0 IT1 IT0 PAGF1 PAGF0 NL4 bit 31 bit 24 W-x W-x W-x W-x W-x W-x W-x W-x NL3 NL2 NL1 NL0 HYL4 HYL3 HYL2 HYL1 bit 23 bit 16 W-x W-x W-x W-x W-x W-x W-x W-x HYL0 HUL4 HUL3 HUL2 HUL1 HUL0 CTL4 CTL3 bit 15 bit 8 W-x W-x W-x W-x W-x W-x W-x W-x CTL2 CTL1 CTL0 LTD4 LTD3 LTD2 LTD1 LTD0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 38 TS: Tone Select bit 1 = Temporal Horn Pattern 0 = Continuous Horn Pattern bit 37 EOL: End of Life Enable bit 1 = Enable 0 = Disable bit 36 LBH: Low Battery Hush Enable bit 1 = Enable 0 = Disable bit 35 HUSH: Hush Option bit 1 = Cancelled for high smoke level, interconnect alarm, or second push of TEST button (as described above) 0 = Never Cancel bit 34 LTD: Long Term Drift Enable bit 1 = Enable 0 = Disable DS22271A-page 18 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. RE46C190 REGISTER 4-1: CONFIGURATION AND CALIBRATION SETTINGS REGISTER (CONTINUED) bit 33-31 LB<0:2>: Low Battery Trip Point bits 000 = 2.1V 001 = 2.5V 010 = 2.3V 011 = 2.7V 100 = 2.2V 101 = 2.6V 110 = 2.4V 111 = 2.8V bit 30-29 IRC<1:0>: IRED Current bits 00 = 50 mA 01 = 100 mA 10 = 150 mA 11 = 200 mA bit 28-27 IT<1:0>: Integration Time bits 00 = 400 µs 01 = 300 µs 10 = 200 µs 11 = 100 µs bit 26-25 PAGF<1:0>: Photo Amplifier Gain Factor bits 00 = 1 01 = 2 10 = 3 11 = 4 bit 24-20 NL<4:0>: Normal Limits bits (Section 3.2) 00000 = 0 00001 = 1 • • • 11110 = 30 11111 = 31 bit 19-15 HYL<4:0>: Hysteresis Limits bits (Section 3.2) 00000 = 0 00001 = 1 • • • 11110 = 30 11111 = 31 bit 14-10 HUL<4:0>: Hush Limits bits (Section 3.6) 00000 = 0 00001 = 1 • • • 11110 = 30 11111 = 31 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS22271A-page 19 RE46C190 REGISTER 4-1: CONFIGURATION AND CALIBRATION SETTINGS REGISTER (CONTINUED) bit 9-5 CTL<4:0>: Chamber Test Limits bits (Section 3.3) 00000 = 0 00001 = 1 • • • 11110 = 30 11111 = 31 bit 4-0 LTD<4:0>: Long Term Drift Sample bits (Section 3.9) 00000 = 0 00001 = 1 • • • 11110 = 30 11111 = 31 The minimum pulse width for FEED is 10 µs, while the minimum pulse width for TEST is 100 µs. For example, for the following options, the sequence would be: data bit 4. 5. 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 - 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 After shifting in data, pull IO input to VDD, then VSS (minimum pulse width of 10 ms) to store shift register contents into the memory. If any changes are required, power down the part and return to Step 1. All bit values must be reentered. Photo Amp Gain Factor = 1 Integration Time = 200 µs IRED Current = 100 mA Low Battery Trip = 2.2V Long Term Drift, Low Battery Hush and EOL are all disabled Hush Option = Never Cancel Tone Select = Temporal VDD TEST2 VSS VDD TEST VSS bit 25 bit 26 bit 27 bit 28 bit 29 bit 30 bit 31 bit 32 bit 33 bit 34 bit 35 bit 36 bit 37 bit 38 VBST FEED VSS Min Tsetup2 = 2 µs Min Tsetup1 = 1 µs Min Thold1 = 1 µs Min PW1 = 10us Min T1 = 20 µs Min Td1 = 2 µs VDD IO … VSS Min PW2 = 10 ms FIGURE 4-2: DS22271A-page 20 Timing Diagram for Mode T0. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. RE46C190 As an alternative to Figure 4-1, Figure 4-3 can be used to program while in the application circuit. Note that in addition to the five programming supplies, connections to VSS are needed at TP1 and TP2. VDD R1 V1 100 C1 10 µF 3V C2 1 µF Push-To-Test/ Hush R7 100 TP1 HS 14 TP2 4 TEST HB D2 D5 GREEN 5 TEST2 V2 VBST 15 3 VDD D3 RED LX 16 100 µF Smoke Chamber D4 D1 2 IRED C3 VBST RE46C190 1 VSS VBST R6 330 Monitor RLED, GLED and HB L1 10 µH 5V R4 13 1.5M C5 1 nF IRCAP 11 7 IRN FEED 10 8 RLED GLED 9 C4 4.7 µF IO 12 6 IRP R3 200K R5 330 C6 To other Units V3 33 µF V4 FIGURE 4-3: V5 V6 V7 5V Circuit for Programming in the Typical Application. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS22271A-page 21 RE46C190 4.3 Smoke Calibration 5. A separate calibration mode is entered for each measurement mode (Normal, Hysteresis, Hush and Chamber Test) so that independent limits can be set for each. In all calibration modes, the integrator output can be accessed at the GLED output. The Gamp output voltage, which represents the smoke detection level, can be accessed at the RLED output. The SmkComp output voltage is the result of the comparison of Gamp with the integrator output, and can be accessed at HB. The FEED input can be clocked to step up the smoke detection level at RLED. Once the desired smoke threshold is reached, the TEST input is pulsed low to high to store the result. 6. The procedure is described in the following steps: 1. 2. 3. 4. Power up with the bias conditions shown in Figure 4-1. Drive TEST2 input from VSS to VDD to enter the Programming mode. TEST2 should remain at VDD through Step 8 described below. Apply a clock pulse to the TEST input to enter in T1 mode. This initiates the calibration mode for Normal Limits setting. The Integrator output saw tooth should appear at GLED and the smoke detection level at RLED. Clock FEED to increase the smoke detection level as needed. Once the desired smoke threshold is reached, the IO input is pulsed low to high to enter the result. See typical waveforms in Figure 4-4. Operating the circuit in this manner, with nearly continuous IRED current for an extended period of time, may result in undesired or excessive heating of the part. The duration of this step should be minimized. Apply a second clock pulse to the TEST input to enter in T2 mode. This initiates the calibration mode for Hysteresis Limits. Clock FEED as in Step 3 and apply pulse to IO, once desired level is reached.Operating the circuit in this manner, with nearly continuous IRED current for an extended period of time, may result in undesired or excessive heating of the part. The duration of this step should be minimized. DS22271A-page 22 7. 8. Apply a clock pulse to the TEST input again to enter in T3 mode and initiate calibration for Hush Limits. Clock FEED as in the steps above and apply a pulse to IO, once the desired level is reached. Operating the circuit in this manner, with nearly continuous IRED current for an extended period of time, may result in undesired or excessive heating of the part. The duration of this step should be minimized. Apply a clock pulse to the TEST input a fourth time to enter in T4 mode, and initiate the calibration for Chamber Test Limits. Clock FEED and apply pulse to IO, once desired level is reached. Operating the circuit in this manner, with nearly continuous IRED current for an extended period of time, may result in undesired or excessive heating of the part. The duration of this step should be minimized. If the Long Term Drift Adjustment is enabled, after all limits have been set, the long term drift (LTD) baseline measurement must be made. To do this, a measurement must be made under no-smoke conditions. To enable the baseline measurement, pull TEST from VSS to VBST again and return to VSS. Once the chamber is clear, pulse FEED low to high to make the baseline measurement. After limits have been set and baseline LTD measurement has been made, pulse IO to store all results in memory. Before this step, no limits are stored in memory. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. RE46C190 VDD TEST2 VSS Min Tsetup2 = 2 µs VBST TEST VSS Min PW3 = 100 µs VBST FEED VSS Min Td2 = 10 µs Min PW1 = 10 µs Min T1 = 20 µs Min PW5 = 2 ms VDD IO VSS Min PW2 = 10 ms GLED … … … … IRED … … … … RLED HB FIGURE 4-4: Timing Diagram for Modes T1 to T5. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS22271A-page 23 RE46C190 4.4 Serial Read/Write 5 bit As an alternative to the steps in Section 4.3 “Smoke Calibration”, if the system has been well characterized, the limits and baseline can be entered directly from a serial read/write calibration mode. Then, the data sequence follows the pattern described in Register 4-1: 2 bit To enter this mode, follow these steps: 1. 2. Set up the application as shown in Figure 4-1. Drive TEST2 input from VSS to VDD to enter in Programming mode. TEST2 should remain at VDD until all data has been entered. Clock the TEST input to mode T6 (High = VBST, Low = VSS, 6 clocks). This enables the serial read/write mode. TEST now acts as a data input (High = VDD, Low = VSS). FEED acts as the clock input (High = VBST, Low = VSS). Clock in the limits, LTD baseline, functional and parametric options. The data sequence should be as follows: 3. 4. 5 bit LTD sample (LSB first) 5 bit Chamber Test Limits (LSB first) 5 bit Hush Limits (LSB first) 5 bit Hysteresis Limits (LSB first), Normal Limits (LSB first) Photo Amp Gain Factor 2 bit Integration Time 2 bit IRED current 3 bit Low Battery Trip Point 1 bit Long Term Drift Enable 1 bit Hush Option 1 bit Low Battery Hush Enable 1 bit EOL enable 1 bit Tone Select A serial data output is available at HB. 5. After all 39 bits have been entered, pulse IO to store into the EEPROM memory. VDD TEST2 VSS VBST TEST D1 VSS Min Tsetup2 = 2 µs D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10 D11 D12 D13 D14 D15 … D39 VSS Min PW3 = 100 µs Min T2 = 120 µs VBST FEED … VSS Min Tsetup1 = 1 µs Min Thold1 = 1 µs Min PW1 = 10 µs Min T1 = 20 µs VDD IO … VSS Min PW2 = 10 ms FIGURE 4-5: DS22271A-page 24 Timing Diagram for Mode T6. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. RE46C190 4.5 Limits Verification After all limits and LTD baseline have been entered and stored into the memory, additional test modes are available to verify if the limits are functioning as expected. Table 4-4 describes several verification tests. TABLE 4-4: LIMITS VERIFICATION DESCRIPTION Limit Test Description Normal Limits Clock TEST to Mode T7 (7 clocks). With appropriate smoke level in chamber, pull FEED to VDD and hold for at least 1 ms. The HB output will indicate the detection status (High = smoke detected). Hysteresis Limits Clock TEST to Mode T8 (8 clocks). Pulse FEED and monitor HB as in Normal Limits case. Hush Limits Clock TEST to Mode T9 (9 clocks). Pulse FEED and monitor HB. Chamber Test Limits Clock TEST to Mode T10 (10 clocks). Pulse FEED and monitor HB. V DD TEST2 V SS V BST TEST V SS Min Tsetup2 = 2 µs Min PW3 = 100 µs Min T2 = 120 µs Vbst FEED V SS Min Td2 = 10 µs Min PW5 = 2 ms V DD IO V SS GLED … … … IRED … … … RLED HB FIGURE 4-6: Timing Diagram for Modes T7-T10. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS22271A-page 25 RE46C190 4.6 Horn Test The last test mode allows the horn to be enabled indefinitely for audibility testing. To enter this mode, clock TEST to Mode T11 (11 clocks). The IO pin is configured as horn enable. V DD TEST2 V SS V BST TEST V SS Min Tsetup2 = 2 µs Min PW3 = 100 µs Min T2 = 120 µs V DD IO V SS Horn Enabled FIGURE 4-7: DS22271A-page 26 Timing Diagram for Mode T11. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. RE46C190 5.0 APPLICATION NOTES 5.1 Standby Current Calculation and Battery Life A calculation of the standby current for the battery life is shown in Table 5-1, based on the following parameters: The supply current shown in the DC Electrical Characteristics table is only one component of the average standby current and, in most cases, can be a small fraction of the total, because power consumption generally occurs in relatively infrequent bursts and depends on many external factors. These include the values selected for IRED current and integration time, the VBST and IR capacitor sizes and leakages, the VBAT level, and the magnitude of any external resistances that will adversely affect the boost converter efficiency. TABLE 5-1: VBAT = 3 VBST1 = 3.6 VBST2 = 9 Boost capacitor size = 4.70E-06 Boost Efficiency = 8.50E-01 IRED on time = 2.000E-04 IRED Current = 1.000E-01 STANDBY CURRENT CALCULATION Voltage (V) Current (A) Duration (s) Energy (J) Period (s) Average Power (W) IBAT Contribution (A) IBAT (µA) 3 1.00E-06 — — — 3.00E-06 1.00E-06 1.0 Chamber test (excluding IR drive) 3.6 1.00E-03 1.00E-02 3.60E-05 43 9.85E-07 3.28E-07 0.3 IR drive during Chamber Test 3.6 0.10 2.00E-04 7.20E-05 43 1.97E-06 6.57E-07 0.7 Smoke Detection (excluding IR drive) 3.6 1.00E-03 1.00E-02 3.60E-05 10.75 3.94E-06 1.31E-06 1.3 IR drive during Smoke Detection 3.6 0.10 2.00E-04 7.20E-05 10.75 7.88E-06 2.63E-06 2.6 IDD Component Fixed IDD Photo Detection Current Low Battery Check Current Loaded Test Load 9 2.00E-02 1.00E-02 1.80E-03 344 6.16E-06 2.05E-06 2.1 Boost VBST1 to VBST2 — — 6.85E-05 344 2.34E-07 7.81E-08 0.1 3.6 1.00E-04 1.00E-02 3.60E-06 43 9.85E-08 3.28E-08 0.0 8.09E-06 8.1 Unloaded Test Load Total The following paragraphs explain the components in Table 5-1, and the calculations in the example. 5.1.1 FIXED IDD The IDD is the Supply Current shown in the DC Electrical Characteristics table. 5.1.2 PHOTO DETECTION CURRENT Photo Detection Current is the current draw due to the smoke testing every 10.75 seconds, and the chamber test every 43 seconds. The current for both the IR diode and the internal measurement circuitry comes primarily from VBST, so the average current must be scaled for both on-time and boost voltage. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. The contribution to IBAT is determined by first calculating the energy consumed by each component, given its duration. An average power is then calculated based on the period of the event and the boost converter efficiency (assumed to be 85% in this case). An IBAT contribution is then calculated based on this average power and the given VBAT. For example, the IR drive contribution during chamber test is detailed in Equation 5-1: EQUATION 5-1: 3.6V 0.1A 200 s --------------------------------------------------- = 0.657 A 43s 0.85 3V DS22271A-page 27 RE46C190 5.1.3 LOW BATTERY CHECK CURRENT The Low Battery Check Current is the current required for the low battery test. It includes both the loaded (RLED on) and unloaded (RLED Off) tests. The boost component of the loaded test represents the cost of charging the boost capacitor to the higher voltage level. This has a fixed cost for every loaded check, because the capacitor is gradually discharged during subsequent operations, and the energy is generally not recovered. The other calculations are similar to those shown in Equation 5-1. The unloaded test has a minimal contribution because it involves only some internal reference and comparator circuitry. 5.1.4 BATTERY LIFE When estimating the battery life, several additional factors must be considered. These include battery resistance, battery self discharge rate, capacitor leakages and the effect of the operating temperature on all of these characteristics. Some number of false alarms and user tests should also be included in any calculation. For ten year applications, a 3V spiral wound lithium manganese dioxide battery with a laser seal is recommended. These can be found with capacities of 1400 to 1600 mAh. DS22271A-page 28 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. RE46C190 5.1.5 FUNCTIONAL TIMING DIAGRAMS Standby, No Alarm (not to Scale) TI RON TPER0 IRED Chamber Test (Internal Signal) TPCT1 Low Battery Test (Internal signal) TPLB2 TON1 RLED TPLB1 LTD Sample TLT D EOL TEO L Low Supply Test Failure Low Battery Test (Internal signal) RLED TH ON1 HORN THPER1 Chamber Test Failure Chamber Test (Internal Signal) THO N2 HORN THO F2 THPER2 FIGURE 5-1: RE46C190 Timing Diagram – Standby, No Alarm, Low Supply Test Failure and Chamber Test Failure. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS22271A-page 29 RE46C190 Local Alarm with Temporal Horn Pattern (not to Scale) No Alarm Local Alarm TI RON IRED TPER3A TON1 RLED TPLED2A THO N2A THOF2A THOF3A HORN TIODLY1 IO as Output Local Alarm with International Horn Pattern (not to Scale) No Alarm Local Alarm TIRO N IRED TPER3B TON1 RLED TPLED2B THO N2B THO F2B HORN TIODLY1 IO as Output Interconnect as Input with Temporal Horn pattern (not to Scale) TIO FILT IO as Input TIO DLYA HORN Interconnect as Input with International Horn Pattern (not to Scale) TIO FILT IO as Input TIO DLYB FIGURE 5-2: RE46C190 Timing Diagram – Local Alarm with Temporal Horn Pattern, Local Alarm with International Horn Pattern, Interconnect as Input with Temporal Horn Pattern and Interconnect as Input with International Horn Pattern. DS22271A-page 30 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. RE46C190 Alarm Memory (not to Scale) Alarm Memory Alarm, No Low Battery Alarm Memory; No Alarm; No Low Battery Alarm Memory After 24 Hour Timer Indication RLED TPLED1 TON1 TPLED1 T PLED2 GLED TON1 T OFLED T PLED1 TLALED THON4 HB THPER4 TEST Hush Timer (not to Scale) Alarm, No Low Battery Timer Mode; No Alarm; No Low Battery Standby, No Alarm RLED TPLED4 TON1 TPLED1 T PLED2 TTPER HB TEST FIGURE 5-3: RE46C190 Timing Diagram – Alarm Memory and Hush Timer. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS22271A-page 31 RE46C190 NOTES: DS22271A-page 32 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. RE46C190 6.0 PACKAGING INFORMATION 6.1 Package Marking Information 16-Lead SOIC (.150”) XXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXX YYWWNNN Legend: XX...X Y YY WW NNN e3 * Note: Example RE46C190 V/SL e3 1035256 Customer-specific information Year code (last digit of calendar year) Year code (last 2 digits of calendar year) Week code (week of January 1 is week ‘01’) Alphanumeric traceability code Pb-free JEDEC designator for Matte Tin (Sn) This package is Pb-free. The Pb-free JEDEC designator ( e3 ) can be found on the outer packaging for this package. In the event the full Microchip part number cannot be marked on one line, it will be carried over to the next line, thus limiting the number of available characters for customer-specific information. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS22271A-page 33 RE46C190 /HDG3ODVWLF6PDOO2XWOLQH6/±1DUURZPP%RG\>62,&@ 1RWH )RUWKHPRVWFXUUHQWSDFNDJHGUDZLQJVSOHDVHVHHWKH0LFURFKLS3DFNDJLQJ6SHFLILFDWLRQORFDWHGDW KWWSZZZPLFURFKLSFRPSDFNDJLQJ D N E E1 NOTE 1 1 3 2 e b α h h A1 L β L1 8QLWV 'LPHQVLRQ/LPLWV 1XPEHURI3LQV c φ A2 A 0,//,0(7(56 0,1 1 120 0$; 3LWFK H 2YHUDOO+HLJKW $ ± %6& ± 0ROGHG3DFNDJH7KLFNQHVV $ ± ± 6WDQGRII $ ± 2YHUDOO:LGWK ( 0ROGHG3DFNDJH:LGWK ( %6& 2YHUDOO/HQJWK ' %6& %6& &KDPIHURSWLRQDO K ± )RRW/HQJWK / ± )RRWSULQW / 5() )RRW$QJOH ± /HDG7KLFNQHVV F ± /HDG:LGWK E ± 0ROG'UDIW$QJOH7RS ± 0ROG'UDIW$QJOH%RWWRP ± 1RWHV 3LQYLVXDOLQGH[IHDWXUHPD\YDU\EXWPXVWEHORFDWHGZLWKLQWKHKDWFKHGDUHD 6LJQLILFDQW&KDUDFWHULVWLF 'LPHQVLRQV'DQG(GRQRWLQFOXGHPROGIODVKRUSURWUXVLRQV0ROGIODVKRUSURWUXVLRQVVKDOOQRWH[FHHGPPSHUVLGH 'LPHQVLRQLQJDQGWROHUDQFLQJSHU$60(<0 %6& %DVLF'LPHQVLRQ7KHRUHWLFDOO\H[DFWYDOXHVKRZQZLWKRXWWROHUDQFHV 5() 5HIHUHQFH'LPHQVLRQXVXDOO\ZLWKRXWWROHUDQFHIRULQIRUPDWLRQSXUSRVHVRQO\ 0LFURFKLS 7HFKQRORJ\ 'UDZLQJ &% DS22271A-page 34 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. RE46C190 Note: For the most current package drawings, please see the Microchip Packaging Specification located at http://www.microchip.com/packaging 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS22271A-page 35 RE46C190 NOTES: DS22271A-page 36 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. RE46C190 APPENDIX A: REVISION HISTORY Revision A (December 2010) • Original Release of this Document. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS22271A-page 37 RE46C190 NOTES: DS22271A-page 38 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. RE46C190 PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM To order or obtain information, e.g., on pricing or delivery, refer to the factory or the listed sales office. PART NO. XX X T Device Package Number of Pins Lead Tape and Reel Free Device RE46C190: RE46C190T: Package S = X CMOS Photoelectric Smoke Detector ASIC CMOS Photoelectric Smoke Detector ASIC (Tape and Reel) Examples: a) RE46C190S16F: b) RE46C190S16TF: 16LD SOIC Package, Lead Free 16LD SOIC Package, Tape and Reel, Lead Free Small Plastic Outline - Narrow, 3.90 mm Body, 16-Lead (SOIC) 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS22271A-page 39 RE46C190 NOTES: DS22271A-page 40 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. Note the following details of the code protection feature on Microchip devices: • Microchip products meet the specification contained in their particular Microchip Data Sheet. • Microchip believes that its family of products is one of the most secure families of its kind on the market today, when used in the intended manner and under normal conditions. • There are dishonest and possibly illegal methods used to breach the code protection feature. All of these methods, to our knowledge, require using the Microchip products in a manner outside the operating specifications contained in Microchip’s Data Sheets. Most likely, the person doing so is engaged in theft of intellectual property. • Microchip is willing to work with the customer who is concerned about the integrity of their code. • Neither Microchip nor any other semiconductor manufacturer can guarantee the security of their code. Code protection does not mean that we are guaranteeing the product as “unbreakable.” Code protection is constantly evolving. We at Microchip are committed to continuously improving the code protection features of our products. Attempts to break Microchip’s code protection feature may be a violation of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act. If such acts allow unauthorized access to your software or other copyrighted work, you may have a right to sue for relief under that Act. Information contained in this publication regarding device applications and the like is provided only for your convenience and may be superseded by updates. It is your responsibility to ensure that your application meets with your specifications. MICROCHIP MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND WHETHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, WRITTEN OR ORAL, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE, RELATED TO THE INFORMATION, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ITS CONDITION, QUALITY, PERFORMANCE, MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR PURPOSE. Microchip disclaims all liability arising from this information and its use. Use of Microchip devices in life support and/or safety applications is entirely at the buyer’s risk, and the buyer agrees to defend, indemnify and hold harmless Microchip from any and all damages, claims, suits, or expenses resulting from such use. No licenses are conveyed, implicitly or otherwise, under any Microchip intellectual property rights. Trademarks The Microchip name and logo, the Microchip logo, dsPIC, KEELOQ, KEELOQ logo, MPLAB, PIC, PICmicro, PICSTART, PIC32 logo, rfPIC and UNI/O are registered trademarks of Microchip Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. and other countries. FilterLab, Hampshire, HI-TECH C, Linear Active Thermistor, MXDEV, MXLAB, SEEVAL and The Embedded Control Solutions Company are registered trademarks of Microchip Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. Analog-for-the-Digital Age, Application Maestro, CodeGuard, dsPICDEM, dsPICDEM.net, dsPICworks, dsSPEAK, ECAN, ECONOMONITOR, FanSense, HI-TIDE, In-Circuit Serial Programming, ICSP, Mindi, MiWi, MPASM, MPLAB Certified logo, MPLIB, MPLINK, mTouch, Omniscient Code Generation, PICC, PICC-18, PICDEM, PICDEM.net, PICkit, PICtail, REAL ICE, rfLAB, Select Mode, Total Endurance, TSHARC, UniWinDriver, WiperLock and ZENA are trademarks of Microchip Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. and other countries. SQTP is a service mark of Microchip Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. All other trademarks mentioned herein are property of their respective companies. © 2010, Microchip Technology Incorporated, Printed in the U.S.A., All Rights Reserved. Printed on recycled paper. ISBN: 978-1-60932-782-8 Microchip received ISO/TS-16949:2002 certification for its worldwide headquarters, design and wafer fabrication facilities in Chandler and Tempe, Arizona; Gresham, Oregon and design centers in California and India. The Company’s quality system processes and procedures are for its PIC® MCUs and dsPIC® DSCs, KEELOQ® code hopping devices, Serial EEPROMs, microperipherals, nonvolatile memory and analog products. In addition, Microchip’s quality system for the design and manufacture of development systems is ISO 9001:2000 certified. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. 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