TI DAC0808

DAC0808
DAC0808 8-Bit D/A Converter
Literature Number: SNAS539A
DAC0808
8-Bit D/A Converter
General Description
Features
The DAC0808 is an 8-bit monolithic digital-to-analog converter (DAC) featuring a full scale output current settling time
of 150 ns while dissipating only 33 mW with ± 5V supplies.
No reference current (IREF) trimming is required for most
applications since the full scale output current is typically ± 1
LSB of 255 IREF/256. Relative accuracies of better than
± 0.19% assure 8-bit monotonicity and linearity while zero
level output current of less than 4 µA provides 8-bit zero
accuracy for IREF≥2 mA. The power supply currents of the
DAC0808 is independent of bit codes, and exhibits essentially constant device characteristics over the entire supply
voltage range.
The DAC0808 will interface directly with popular TTL, DTL or
CMOS logic levels, and is a direct replacement for the
MC1508/MC1408. For higher speed applications, see
DAC0800 data sheet.
n
n
n
n
Relative accuracy: ± 0.19% error maximum
Full scale current match: ± 1 LSB typ
Fast settling time: 150 ns typ
Noninverting digital inputs are TTL and CMOS
compatible
n High speed multiplying input slew rate: 8 mA/µs
n Power supply voltage range: ± 4.5V to ± 18V
n Low power consumption: 33 mW @ ± 5V
Block and Connection Diagrams
DS005687-1
Dual-In-Line Package
DS005687-2
Top View
Order Number DAC0808
See NS Package M16A or N16A
© 2001 National Semiconductor Corporation
DS005687
www.national.com
DAC0808 8-Bit D/A Converter
May 1999
DAC0808
Block and Connection Diagrams
(Continued)
Small-Outline Package
DS005687-13
Ordering Information
ACCURACY
OPERATING
TEMPERATURE RANGE
8-bit
0˚C≤TA≤+75˚C
N PACKAGE (N16A)
(Note 1)
DAC0808LCN
Note 1: Devices may be ordered by using either order number.
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2
MC1408P8
SO PACKAGE
(M16A)
DAC0808LCM
Storage Temperature Range
Lead Temp. (Soldering, 10 seconds)
Dual-In-Line Package (Plastic)
Dual-In-Line Package (Ceramic)
Surface Mount Package
Vapor Phase (60 seconds)
Infrared (15 seconds)
If Military/Aerospace specified devices are required,
please contact the National Semiconductor Sales Office/
Distributors for availability and specifications.
Power Supply Voltage
VCC
VEE
Digital Input Voltage, V5–V12
Applied Output Voltage, VO
Reference Current, I14
Reference Amplifier Inputs, V14, V15
Power Dissipation (Note 4)
ESD Susceptibility (Note 5)
−10 VDC
−11 VDC
+18 VDC
−18 VDC
to +18 VDC
to +18 VDC
5 mA
VCC, VEE
1000 mW
TBD
−65˚C to +150˚C
260˚C
300˚C
215˚C
220˚C
Operating Ratings
TMIN ≤ TA ≤ TMAX
0 ≤TA ≤ +75˚C
Temperature Range
DAC0808
Electrical Characteristics
(VCC = 5V, VEE = −15 VDC, VREF/R14 = 2 mA, and all digital inputs at high logic level unless otherwise noted.)
Symbol
Er
Parameter
Relative Accuracy (Error Relative
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Units
(Figure 4)
%
to Full Scale IO)
± 0.19
DAC0808LC (LM1408-8)
Settling Time to Within ⁄ LSB
TA =25˚C (Note 7),
(Includes tPLH)
(Figure 5)
TA = 25˚C, (Figure 5)
12
tPLH, tPHL
Propagation Delay Time
TCIO
Output Full Scale Current Drift
MSB
Digital Input Logic Levels
VIH
High Level, Logic “1”
VIL
Low Level, Logic “0”
MSB
I15
IO
Digital Input Current
%
150
30
ns
100
ns
± 20
ppm/˚C
(Figure 3)
2
VDC
0.8
VDC
(Figure 3)
High Level
VIH = 5V
0
0.040
mA
Low Level
VIL = 0.8V
−0.003
−0.8
mA
Reference Input Bias Current
(Figure 3)
−1
−3
µA
Output Current Range
(Figure 3)
Output Current
VEE = −5V
0
2.0
2.1
mA
VEE = −15V, TA = 25˚C
0
2.0
4.2
mA
1.9
1.99
2.1
mA
0
4
µA
VREF = 2.000V,
R14 = 1000Ω,
(Figure 3)
SRIREF
Output Current, All Bits Low
(Figure 3)
Output Voltage Compliance (Note 3)
Er ≤ 0.19%, TA = 25˚C
VEE =−5V, IREF =1 mA
−0.55, +0.4
VDC
VEE Below −10V
−5.0, +0.4
VDC
Reference Current Slew Rate
(Figure 6)
Output Current Power Supply
−5V ≤ VEE ≤ −16.5V
4
8
mA/µs
0.05
2.7
µA/V
2.3
22
mA
−4.3
−13
mA
Sensitivity
Power Supply Current (All Bits
(Figure 3)
Low)
ICC
IEE
Power Supply Voltage Range
TA = 25˚C, (Figure 3)
VCC
4.5
5.0
5.5
VDC
VEE
−4.5
−15
−16.5
VDC
Power Dissipation
3
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DAC0808
Absolute Maximum Ratings (Note 2)
DAC0808
Electrical Characteristics
(Continued)
(VCC = 5V, VEE = −15 VDC, VREF/R14 = 2 mA, and all digital inputs at high logic level unless otherwise noted.)
Symbol
Parameter
All Bits Low
All Bits High
Typ
Max
Units
VCC = 5V, VEE = −5V
Conditions
Min
33
170
mW
VCC = 5V, VEE = −15V
106
305
mW
VCC = 15V, VEE = −5V
90
mW
VCC = 15V, VEE = −15V
160
mW
Note 2: Absolute Maximum Ratings indicate limits beyond which damage to the device may occur. DC and AC electrical specifications do not apply when operating
the device beyond its specified operating conditions.
Note 3: Range control is not required.
Note 4: The maximum power dissipation must be derated at elevated temperatures and is dictated by TJMAX, θJA, and the ambient temperature, TA. The maximum
allowable power dissipation at any temperature is PD = (TJMAX − TA)/θJA or the number given in the Absolute Maixmum Ratings, whichever is lower. For this device,
TJMAX = 125˚C, and the typical junction-to-ambient thermal resistance of the dual-in-line J package when the board mounted is 100˚C/W. For the dual-in-line N
package, this number increases to 175˚C/W and for the small outline M package this number is 100˚C/W.
Note 5: Human body model, 100 pF discharged through a 1.5 kΩ resistor.
Note 6: All current switches are tested to guarantee at least 50% of rated current.
Note 7: All bits switched.
Note 8: Pin-out numbers for the DAL080X represent the dual-in-line package. The small outline package pinout differs from the dual-in-line package.
Typical Application
DS005687-23
DS005687-3
FIGURE 1. +10V Output Digital to Analog Converter (Note 8)
Typical Performance Characteristics
Logic Input Current vs
Input Voltage
VCC = 5V, VEE = −15V, TA = 25˚C, unless otherwise noted
Logic Threshold Voltage vs
Temperature
Bit Transfer Characteristics
DS005687-14
DS005687-15
DS005687-16
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DAC0808
Typical Performance Characteristics
VCC = 5V, VEE = −15V, TA = 25˚C, unless otherwise
noted (Continued)
Output Current vs Output
Voltage (Output Voltage
Compliance)
Output Voltage Compliance
vs Temperature
Typical Power Supply
Current vs Temperature
DS005687-18
DS005687-19
DS005687-17
Typical Power Supply
Current vs VEE
Typical Power Supply
Current vs VCC
DS005687-20
Reference Input
Frequency Response
DS005687-21
DS005687-22
Unless otherwise specified: R14 = R15 = 1 kΩ, C = 15 pF, pin 16 to VEE; RL = 50Ω, pin 4 to ground.
Curve A: Large Signal Bandwidth Method of Figure 7, VREF = 2 Vp-p offset 1V above ground.
Curve B: Small Signal Bandwidth Method of Figure 7, RL = 250Ω, VREF = 50 mVp-p offset 200 mV above ground.
Curve C: Large and Small Signal Bandwidth Method of Figure 9 (no op amp, RL = 50Ω), RS = 50Ω, VREF = 2V, VS = 100 mVp-p
centered at 0V.
5
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FIGURE 2. Equivalent Circuit of the DAC0808 Series (Note 8)
DS005687-4
DAC0808
DAC0808
Test Circuits
DS005687-6
VI and I1 apply to inputs A1–A8.
The resistor tied to pin 15 is to temperature compensate the bias current and may not be necessary for all applications.
and AN = “1” if AN is at high level
AN = “0” if AN is at low level
FIGURE 3. Notation Definitions Test Circuit (Note 8)
DS005687-7
FIGURE 4. Relative Accuracy Test Circuit (Note 8)
7
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DAC0808
Test Circuits
(Continued)
DS005687-8
FIGURE 5. Transient Response and Settling Time (Note 8)
DS005687-9
FIGURE 6. Reference Current Slew Rate Measurement (Note 8)
DS005687-10
FIGURE 7. Positive VREF (Note 8)
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DAC0808
Test Circuits
(Continued)
DS005687-11
FIGURE 8. Negative VREF (Note 8)
DS005687-12
FIGURE 9. Programmable Gain Amplifier or
Digital Attenuator Circuit (Note 8)
For bipolar reference signals, as in the multiplying mode,
R15 can be tied to a negative voltage corresponding to the
minimum input level. It is possible to eliminate R15 with only
a small sacrifice in accuracy and temperature drift.
The compensation capacitor value must be increased with
increases in R14 to maintain proper phase margin; for R14
values of 1, 2.5 and 5 kΩ, minimum capacitor values are 15,
37 and 75 pF. The capacitor may be tied to either VEE or
ground, but using VEE increases negative supply rejection.
A negative reference voltage may be used if R14 is
grounded and the reference voltage is applied to R15 as
shown in Figure 8. A high input impedance is the main
Application Hints
REFERENCE AMPLIFIER DRIVE AND COMPENSATION
The reference amplifier provides a voltage at pin 14 for
converting the reference voltage to a current, and a
turn-around circuit or current mirror for feeding the ladder.
The reference amplifier input currrent, I14, must always flow
into pin 14, regardless of the set-up method or reference
voltage polarity.
Connections for a positive voltage are shown in Figure 7.
The reference voltage source supplies the full current I14.
9
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DAC0808
Application Hints
der. The reference current may drift with temperature, causing a change in the absolute accuracy of output current.
However, the DAC0808 has a very low full-scale current drift
with temperature.
(Continued)
advantage of this method. Compensation involves a capacitor to VEE on pin 16, using the values of the previous
paragraph. The negative reference voltage must be at least
4V above the VEE supply. Bipolar input signals may be
handled by connecting R14 to a positive reference voltage
equal to the peak positive input level at pin 15.
When a DC reference voltage is used, capacitive bypass to
ground is recommended. The 5V logic supply is not recommended as a reference voltage. If a well regulated 5V supply
which drives logic is to be used as the reference, R14 should
be decoupled by connecting it to 5V through another resistor
and bypassing the junction of the 2 resistors with 0.1 µF to
ground. For reference voltages greater than 5V, a clamp
diode is recommended between pin 14 and ground.
If pin 14 is driven by a high impedance such as a transistor
current source, none of the above compensation methods
apply and the amplifier must be heavily compensated, decreasing the overall bandwidth.
The DAC0808 series is guaranteed accurate to within ± 1⁄2
LSB at a full-scale output current of 1.992 mA. This corresponds to a reference amplifier output current drive to the
ladder network of 2 mA, with the loss of 1 LSB (8 µA) which
is the ladder remainder shunted to ground. The input current
to pin 14 has a guaranteed value of between 1.9 and 2.1 mA,
allowing some mismatch in the NPN current source pair. The
accuracy test circuit is shown in Figure 4. The 12-bit converter is calibrated for a full-scale output current of 1.992
mA. This is an optional step since the DAC0808 accuracy is
essentially the same between 1.5 and 2.5 mA. Then the
DAC0808 circuits’ full-scale current is trimmed to the same
value with R14 so that a zero value appears at the error
amplifier output. The counter is activated and the error band
may be displayed on an oscilloscope, detected by comparators, or stored in a peak detector.
Two 8-bit D-to-A converters may not be used to construct a
16-bit accuracy D-to-A converter. 16-bit accuracy implies a
total error of ± 1⁄2 of one part in 65,536 or ± 0.00076%, which
is much more accurate than the ± 0.019% specification provided by the DAC0808.
OUTPUT VOLTAGE RANGE
The voltage on pin 4 is restricted to a range of −0.55 to 0.4V
when VEE = −5V due to the current switching methods
employed in the DAC0808.
The negative output voltage compliance of the DAC0808 is
extended to −5V where the negative supply voltage is more
negative than −10V. Using a full-scale current of 1.992 mA
and load resistor of 2.5 kΩ between pin 4 and ground will
yield a voltage output of 256 levels between 0 and −4.980V.
Floating pin 1 does not affect the converter speed or power
dissipation. However, the value of the load resistor determines the switching time due to increased voltage swing.
Values of RL up to 500Ω do not significantly affect performance, but a 2.5 kΩ load increases worst-case settling time
to 1.2 µs (when all bits are switched ON). Refer to the
subsequent text section on Settling Time for more details on
output loading.
MULTIPLYING ACCURACY
The DAC0808 may be used in the multiplying mode with
8-bit accuracy when the reference current is varied over a
range of 256:1. If the reference current in the multiplying
mode ranges from 16 µA to 4 mA, the additional error
contributions are less than 1.6 µA. This is well within 8-bit
accuracy when referred to full-scale.
A monotonic converter is one which supplies an increase in
current for each increment in the binary word. Typically, the
DAC0808 is monotonic for all values of reference current
above 0.5 mA. The recommended range for operation with a
DC reference current is 0.5 to 4 mA.
OUTPUT CURRENT RANGE
The output current maximum rating of 4.2 mA may be used
only for negative supply voltages more negative than −8V,
due to the increased voltage drop across the resistors in the
reference current amplifier.
SETTLING TIME
The worst-case switching condition occurs when all bits are
switched ON, which corresponds to a low-to-high transition
for all bits. This time is typically 150 ns for settling to within
± 1⁄2 LSB, for 8-bit accuracy, and 100 ns to 1⁄2 LSB for 7 and
6-bit accuracy. The turn OFF is typically under 100 ns. These
times apply when RL ≤ 500Ω and CO ≤ 25 pF.
Extra care must be taken in board layout since this is usually
the dominant factor in satisfactory test results when measuring settling time. Short leads, 100 µF supply bypassing for
low frequencies, and minimum scope lead length are all
mandatory.
ACCURACY
Absolute accuracy is the measure of each output current
level with respect to its intended value, and is dependent
upon relative accuracy and full-scale current drift. Relative
accuracy is the measure of each output current level as a
fraction of the full-scale current. The relative accuracy of the
DAC0808 is essentially constant with temperature due to the
excellent temperature tracking of the monolithic resistor lad-
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10
DAC0808
Physical Dimensions
inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted
Small Outline Package
Order Number DAC0808LCM
NS Package Number M16A
Dual-In-Line Package
Order Number DAC0808
NS Package Number N16A
11
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DAC0808 8-Bit D/A Converter
Notes
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