E2400TC45C

WESTCODE
An
Date:- 17 May, 2010
Data Sheet Issue:- 1
IXYS Company
Advance Data
High Power Sonic FRD
Type E2400TC45C
Absolute Maximum Ratings
VOLTAGE RATINGS
MAXIMUM
LIMITS
UNITS
VRRM
Repetitive peak reverse voltage, (note 1)
4500
V
VRSM
Non-repetitive peak reverse voltage, (note 1)
4800
V
VR(d.c.)
Maximum reverse d.c. voltage (note 1)
3000
V
MAXIMUM
LIMITS
UNITS
OTHER RATINGS (note 6)
IF(AV)M
Mean forward current, Tsink=55°C, (note 2)
2233
A
IF(AV)M
Mean forward current. Tsink=100°C, (note 2)
1480
A
IF(AV)M
Mean forward current. Tsink=100°C, (note 3)
918
A
IF(RMS)
Nominal RMS forward current, Tsink=25°C, (note 2)
4150
A
IF(d.c.)
D.C. forward current, Tsink=25°C, (note 4)
3688
A
IFSM
Peak non-repetitive surge tp=10ms, VRM=60%VRRM, (note 5)
25.6
kA
IFSM2
Peak non-repetitive surge tp=10ms, VRM≤10V, (note 5)
28.2
2
2
kA
It
I t capacity for fusing tp=10ms, VRM=60%VRRM, (note 5)
3.29×10
A2s
I2 t
I2t capacity for fusing tp=10ms, VRM≤10V, (note 5)
3.98×106
A2s
Prr
Maximum peak reverse recovery power, (note 7)
6
MW
Tj op
Operating temperature range
-40 to +150
°C
Tstg
Storage temperature range
-40 to +150
°C
6
Notes:1) De-rating factor of 0.13% per °C is applicable for Tj below 25°C.
2) Double side cooled, single phase; 50Hz, 180° half-sinewave.
3) Single side cooled, single phase; 50Hz, 180° half-sinewave.
4) Double side cooled.
5) Half-sinewave, 150°C Tj initial.
6) Current (IF) ratings have been calculated using VT0 and rT (see page 2)
7) Tj=Tjop, IF=2400A, di/dt=3000A/µs Vr=3000V and Ls=200nH. Test circuit and sample waveform are shown in
diagram 1. IGBT type T2400GB45E used as switch.
Provisional Data Sheet. Type E2400TC45C Issue 1
Page 1 of 11
May, 2010
WESTCODE An IXYS Company
High Power Sonic FRD Type E2400TC45C
Characteristics
PARAMETER
MIN.
TYP.
MAX. TEST CONDITIONS (Note 1)
-
3.30
3.50
IFM=2400A
-
-
5.01
IFM=4800A
VFM
Maximum peak forward voltage
VT0
Threshold voltage
-
-
2.06
rT
Slope resistance
-
-
0.59
VT01
Threshold voltage
-
-
2.12
rT1
Slope resistance
-
-
0.57
VFRM
Maximum forward recovery voltage
-
-
140
di/dt = 2000A/µs
-
-
75
di/dt = 2000A/µs, Tj=25°C
IRRM
Peak reverse current
-
-
100
Rated VRRM
-
-
15
Rated VRRM, Tj=25°C
Qrr
Recovered charge
-
3700
4000
Qra
Recovered charge, 50% Chord
-
1550
-
Irm
Reverse recovery current
-
2050
2250
trr
Reverse recovery time, 50% Chord
-
1.5
-
RthJK
Thermal resistance, junction to heatsink
-
-
0.008
Double side cooled
-
-
0.016
Single side cooled
F
Mounting force
60
-
75
Wt
Weight
-
1.23
-
UNITS
V
Current range 2233A- 6699A (Note 2)
mΩ
V
Current range 2400A-7200A
mΩ
V
mA
µC
IFM=2400A, tp=1ms, di/dt=3000A/µs,
Vr=3000V, 50% and Ls=200nH. IGBT type
T2400GB45E used as switch. (note 3)
Page 2 of 11
µC
A
µs
K/W
(Note 4)
kN
kg
Notes:1) Unless otherwise indicated Tj=150°C.
2) VT0 and rT were used to calculate the current ratings illustrated on page one.
3) Figures 3-7 were compiled using these conditions. Test circuit and sample waveform are shown in
diagram 1.
4) For clamp forces outside these limits, please consult factory.
Provisional Data Sheet. Type E2400TC45C Issue 1
V
May, 2010
WESTCODE An IXYS Company
High Power Sonic FRD Type E2400TC45C
Additional information on Ratings and Characteristics
1.0 De-rating Factor
A blocking voltage de-rating factor of 0.13% per °C is applicable to this device for Tj below 25°C.
2.0 ABCD Constants
These constants (applicable only over current range of VF characteristic in Figure 1) are the coefficients
of the expression for the forward characteristic given below:
VF = A + B ⋅ ln( I F ) + C ⋅ I F + D ⋅ I F
where IF = instantaneous forward current.
3.0 Reverse recovery ratings
Diagram 1 – Reverse Recovery test circuit and sample waveform
LS
IG
D.U.T
(i) Qra is based on 50% Irm chord as shown in Figure below.
(ii) Qrr is based on a 150µs integration time.
150 µs
I.e.
Qrr =
∫i
rr
.dt
0
(iii)
Provisional Data Sheet. Type E2400TC45C Issue 1
K Factor =
t1
t2
Page 3 of 11
May, 2010
WESTCODE An IXYS Company
High Power Sonic FRD Type E2400TC45C
4.0 Reverse Recovery Loss
The following procedure is recommended for use where it is necessary to include reverse recovery loss.
From waveforms of recovery current obtained from a high frequency shunt (see Note 1) and reverse
voltage present during recovery, an instantaneous reverse recovery loss waveform must be constructed.
Let the area under this waveform be E joules per pulse. A new sink temperature can then be evaluated
from:
[
TSINK = TJ ( MAX ) − E ⋅ k + f ⋅ Rth ( J − Hs )
]
Where k = 0.2314 (°C/W)/s
E = Area under reverse loss waveform per pulse in joules (W.s.)
f = Rated frequency in Hz at the original sink temperature.
Rth(J-Hs) = d.c. thermal resistance (°C/W)
The total dissipation is now given by:
W( tot ) = W( original ) + E ⋅ f
NOTE 1 - Reverse Recovery Loss by Measurement
This device has a low reverse recovered charge and peak reverse recovery current. When measuring the
charge, care must be taken to ensure that:
(a) AC coupled devices such as current transformers are not affected by prior passage of high
amplitude forward current.
(b) A suitable, polarised, clipping circuit must be connected to the input of the measuring oscilloscope
to avoid overloading the internal amplifiers by the relatively high amplitude forward current signal.
(c) Measurement of reverse recovery waveform should be carried out with an appropriate critically
damped snubber, connected across diode anode to cathode. The formula used for the calculation of this
snubber is shown below:
R2 = 4 ⋅
Where:
Vr
Cs ⋅ di
dt
Vr = Commutating source voltage
CS = Snubber capacitance
R = Snubber resistance
5.0 Computer Modelling Parameters
5.1 Device Dissipation Calculations
− VT 0 + VT 0 + 4 ⋅ ff 2 ⋅ rT ⋅ WAV
=
2 ⋅ ff 2 ⋅ rT
2
I AV
Where VT0 = 2.06V, rT = 0.59mΩ
Provisional Data Sheet. Type E2400TC45C Issue 1
Page 4 of 11
May, 2010
WESTCODE An IXYS Company
High Power Sonic FRD Type E2400TC45C
ff = form factor (normally unity for fast diode applications)
WAV =
∆T
Rth
∆T = T j ( MAX ) − TK
5.2 Calculation of VF using ABCD Coefficients
The forward characteristic IF Vs VF, on page 6 is represented in two ways;
(i)
the well established VT0 and rT tangent used for rating purposes and
(ii)
a set of constants A, B, C, and D forming the coefficients of the representative equation for VF in
terms of IF given below:
VF = A + B ⋅ ln(I F ) + C ⋅ I F + D ⋅ I F
The constants, derived by curve fitting software, are given in this report for both hot and cold
characteristics. The resulting values for VF agree with the true device characteristic over a current range,
which is limited to that plotted.
25°C Coefficients
150°C Coefficients
A
0.397706
0.809905
B
0.116449
-8.40312×10-2
C
1.46027×10-4
1.32145×10-4
D
3.88009×10-2
6.17880×10-2
Provisional Data Sheet. Type E2400TC45C Issue 1
Page 5 of 11
May, 2010
WESTCODE An IXYS Company
High Power Sonic FRD Type E2400TC45C
Curves
Figure 1 – Forward characteristics of limit device
Figure 2 – Maximum forward recovery voltage
1000
10000
E2400TC45C
AD Issue 1
E2400TC45C
AD Issue 1
25°C
Maximum forward recovery voltage - VFRM (V)
Instantaneous forward current - IFM (A)
150°C
1000
100
0
1
2
3
4
5
150°C
25°C
100
10
100
6
1000
Maximum instantaneous forward voltage - VFM (V)
10000
Rate of rise of forward current - di/dt (A/µs)
Figure 4 – Recovered charge, Qra (50% chord)
Figure 3 - Recovered charge, Qrr
10000
10000
Tj = 150°C
Tj = 150°C
Recovered charge - Qra, 50% chord (µC)
E2400TC45C
AD Issue 1
Total recovered charge - Qrr (µC)
E2400TC45C
AD Issue 1
2400A
1800A
1000A
1000
100
1000
1800A
1000A
1000
100
100
10000
Commutation rate - di/dt (A/µs)
Provisional Data Sheet. Type E2400TC45C Issue 1
2400A
1000
10000
Commutation rate - di/dt (A/µs)
Page 6 of 11
May, 2010
WESTCODE An IXYS Company
High Power Sonic FRD Type E2400TC45C
Figure 5 - Maximum reverse current, Irm
Figure 6 – Maximum recovery time, trr (50% chord)
10000
10
E2400TC45C
AD Issue 1
E2400TC45C
AD Issue 1
Tj = 150°C
2400A
1800A
1000A
Recovery time - trr, 50% chord (µs)
Reverse recovery current - Irm (A)
Tj = 150°C
1000
2400A
1800A
1000A
100
100
1000
1
100
10000
1000
Commutation rate - di/dt (A/µs)
10000
Commutation rate - di/dt (A/µs)
Figure 7 – Reverse recovery energy per pulse
Figure 8 – Sine wave energy per pulse
10.00
1.00E+03
E2400TC45C
AD Issue 1
Tj = 150°C
2400A
E2400TC45C
AD Issue 1
1800A
Tj = 150°C
1000A
Energy per pulse (J)
Energy per pulse - Er (J)
1.00E+02
1.00
5000A
1.00E+01
4000A
3000A
2000A
1.00E+00
1000A
500A
0.10
100
1000
1.00E-01
1.00E-05
10000
Provisional Data Sheet. Type E2400TC45C Issue 1
1.00E-04
1.00E-03
1.00E-02
Pulse width (s)
Commutation rate - di/dt (A/µs)
Page 7 of 11
May, 2010
WESTCODE An IXYS Company
High Power Sonic FRD Type E2400TC45C
Figure 9 - Sine wave frequency vs. pulse width
Figure 10 – Sine wave frequency vs. pulse width
1.00E+05
1.00E+05
E2400TC45C
AD Issue 1
E2400TC45C
AD Issue 1
TK = 85°C
TK = 55°C
500A
1000A
100% Duty Cycle
1000A
1.00E+04
1.00E+04
2000A
100% Duty Cycle
2000A
3000A
Frequency (Hz)
Frequency (Hz)
3000A
4000A
1.00E+03
5000A
4000A
1.00E+03
5000A
1.00E+02
1.00E+02
1.00E+01
1.00E-05
1.00E-04
1.00E-03
1.00E+01
1.00E-05
1.00E-02
1.00E-04
Figure 11 - Square wave energy per pulse
1.00E-02
Figure 12 – Square wave energy per pulse
1.00E+03
1.00E+03
E2400TC45C
AD Issue 1
E2400TC45C
AD Issue 1
di/dt =100A/µs
di/dt =500A/µs
Tj = 150°C
Tj = 150°C
1.00E+02
5000A
4000A
3000A
1.00E+02
5000A
1.00E+01
Energy per pulse (J)
Energy per pulse (J)
1.00E-03
Pulse width (s)
Pulse width (s)
4000A
3000A
2000A
1.00E+00
1.00E+01
1000A
2000A
500A
1.00E+00
1000A
1.00E-01
500A
1.00E-02
1.00E-05
1.00E-04
1.00E-03
1.00E-01
1.00E-05
1.00E-02
Provisional Data Sheet. Type E2400TC45C Issue 1
1.00E-04
1.00E-03
1.00E-02
Pulse width (s)
Pulse width (s)
Page 8 of 11
May, 2010
WESTCODE An IXYS Company
High Power Sonic FRD Type E2400TC45C
Figure 13 - Square wave frequency vs pulse width
Figure 14 – Square wave frequency vs pulse width
1.00E+05
1.00E+05
E2400TC45C
AD Issue 1
E2400TC45C
AD Issue 1
di/dt =100A/µs
di/dt =100A/µs
TK=55°C
500A
TK = 85°C
1000A
1000A
100% Duty Cycle
1.00E+04
1.00E+04
2000A
100% Duty Cycle
2000A
Frequency (Hz)
Frequency (Hz)
3000A
4000A
5000A
1.00E+03
1.00E+02
3000A
4000A
1.00E+03
5000A
1.00E+02
1.00E+01
1.00E-05
1.00E-04
1.00E-03
1.00E+01
1.00E-05
1.00E-02
1.00E-04
1.00E-03
Pulse width (s)
Pulse width (s)
Figure 15 - Square wave frequency vs pulse width
1.00E-02
Figure 16 – Square wave frequency vs pulse width
1.00E+05
1.00E+05
500A
1000A
E2400TC45C
AD Issue 1
E2400TC45C
AD Issue 1
di/dt =500A/µs
TK = 55°C
di/dt =500A/µs
TK = 85°C
500A
100% Duty Cycle
100% Duty Cycle
1000A
1.00E+04
1.00E+04
2000A
Frequency (Hz)
Frequency (Hz)
2000A
1.00E+03
3000A
1.00E+03
4000A
3000A
5000A
4000A
5000A
1.00E+02
1.00E+02
1.00E+01
1.00E-05
1.00E-04
1.00E-03
Pulse width (s)
Provisional Data Sheet. Type E2400TC45C Issue 1
1.00E+01
1.00E-05
1.00E-02
Page 9 of 11
1.00E-04
1.00E-03
Pulse width (s)
1.00E-02
May, 2010
WESTCODE An IXYS Company
High Power Sonic FRD Type E2400TC45C
Figure 17 – Safe operating area
Figure 18 – Transient thermal impedance
0.1
6000
E2400TC45C
AD Issue 1
E2400TC45C
AD Issue 1
Tj = 150°C
5000
4000
Thermal impedance (K/W)
Reverse recovery current - Ir (A)
SSC 0.016
3000
2000
0.01
DSC 0.008
0.001
1000
0
0
1000
2000
3000
0.0001
0.0001 0.001
4000
0.01
Reverse recovery voltage - Vr (V)
0.1
1
10
100
Time (s)
Figure 19 – Maximum surge and I2t ratings
1.00E+08
Tj (initial) = 150°C
E2400TC45C
AD Issue 1
I2t: VRRM≤10V
I2t: VR=60% VRRM
IFSM: VRRM≤10V
10000
1.00E+07
IFSM: VR=60% VRRM
1000
1
3
5
10
Duration of surge (ms)
Provisional Data Sheet. Type E2400TC45C Issue 1
1
5
10
50
100
Maximum I2t (A2s)
Total peak half sine surge current - IFSM (A)
100000
1.00E+06
Duration of surge (cycles @ 50Hz)
Page 10 of 11
May, 2010
WESTCODE An IXYS Company
High Power Sonic FRD Type E2400TC45C
Outline Drawing & Ordering Information
100A330
ORDERING INFORMATION
(Please quote 10 digit code as below)
E2400
TC
45
C
Fixed
Type Code
Fixed
outline code
Fixed voltage code
VRRM/100
45
Fixed code, product series
Order code: E2400TC45C – 4500V VRRM, 26mm clamp height capsule.
IXYS Semiconductor GmbH
Edisonstraße 15,
D-68623 Lampertheim
Tel: +49 6206 503-0
Fax: +49 6206 503-627
E-mail: [email protected]
IXYS Corporation
1590 Buckeye Drive
Milpitas CA 95035-7418
Tel: +1 (408) 457 9000
Fax: +1 (408) 496 0670
E-mail: [email protected]
WESTCODE
An
IXYS Company
www.westcode.com
www.ixys.com
Westcode Semiconductors Ltd
PO Box 57, Chippenham,
Wiltshire, SN15 1JL.
Tel: +44 (0)1249 444524
Fax: +44 (0)1249 659448
E-mail: [email protected],com
IXYS Long Beach
IXYS Long Beach, Inc
2500 Mira Mar Ave, Long Beach
CA 90815
Tel: +1 (562) 296 6584
Fax: +1 (562) 296 6585
E-mail: [email protected]
The information contained herein is confidential and is protected by Copyright. The information may not be used or disclosed
except with the written permission of and in the manner permitted by the proprietors Westcode Semiconductors Ltd.
© Westcode Semiconductors Ltd.
In the interest of product improvement, Westcode reserves the right to change specifications at any time without prior notice.
Devices with a suffix code (2-letter, 3-letter or letter/digit/letter combination) added to their generic code are not necessarily
subject to the conditions and limits contained in this report.
Provisional Data Sheet. Type E2400TC45C Issue 1
Page 11 of 11
May, 2010