ATA6663/ATA6664 LIN Transceiver DATASHEET Features ● Operating range from 5V to 27V ● Baud rate up to 20Kbaud ● Improved slew rate control according to LIN specification 2.0, 2.1 and SAEJ2602-2 ● Fully compatible with 3.3V and 5V devices ● Atmel® ATA6663: TXD Time-out Timer, Atmel ATA6664: No TXD Time-out Timer ● Normal and Sleep Mode ● Wake-up capability via LIN bus (90µs dominant) ● External wake-up via WAKE Pin (35µs low level) ● INH output to control an external voltage regulator or to switch the master pull-up ● Very low standby current during Sleep Mode (10µA) ● Wake-up source recognition ● Bus pin short-circuit protected versus GND and battery ● LIN input current < 2µA if VBAT is disconnected ● Overtemperature protection ● High EMC level ● Interference and damage protection according to ISO/CD 7637 ● Fulfills the OEM “Hardware Requirements for LIN in Automotive Applications Rev.1.1” ● Packages: SO8, DFN8 Description The Atmel ATA6663 is a fully integrated LIN transceiver complying with the LIN specification 2.0, 2.1 and SAEJ2602-2. The Atmel ATA6664 is an identical version, the only difference is that the TXD-dominant Time-out function is disabled so the device is able to send a static low signal to the LIN bus. It interfaces the LIN protocol handler and the physical layer. The device is designed to handle the low-speed data communication in vehicles, for example, in convenience electronics. Improved slope control at the LIN driver ensures secure data communication up to 20Kbaud. Sleep Mode guarantees minimal current consumption even in the case of a floating bus line or a short circuit on the LIN bus to GND. The ATA6663/ATA6664 feature advanced EMI and ESD performance. 9146I-AUTO-10/14 Figure 1. Block Diagram RXD 7 VS 6 LIN 5 GND Receiver 1 + Filter Wake up bus timer TXD Short circuit and overtemperature protection 4 TXD Time-Out timer Slew rate control (only ATA6663) VS VS Control unit WAKE 3 Wake-up timer Standby mode 2 8 EN 1. INH Pin Configuration Figure 1-1. Pinning SO8, DFN8 RXD EN WAKE TXD Table 1-1. 2 1 2 3 4 8 7 SO8 6 5 INH VS LIN GND RXD EN WAKE TXD DFN8 3x3 INH VS LIN GND Pin Description Pin Symbol 1 RXD Function Receive data output (open drain) 2 EN Enables normal mode; when the input is open or low, the device is in sleep mode 3 WAKE High voltage input for local wake-up request. If not needed, connect directly to VS 4 TXD Transmit data input; active low output (strong pull-down) after a local wake-up request 5 GND Ground, heat sink 6 LIN LIN bus line input/output 7 VS Battery supply 8 INH Battery-related inhibit output for controlling an external voltage regulator or to switch-off the LIN master pull-up resistor; active high after a wake-up request ATA6663/ATA6664 [DATASHEET] 9146I–AUTO–10/14 2. Functional Description 2.1 Physical Layer Compatibility Since the LIN physical layer is independent from higher LIN layers (e.g., the LIN protocol layer), all nodes with a LIN physical layer according to LIN2.x can be used along with LIN physical layer nodes, which are according to older versions (i.e., LIN1.0, LIN1.1, LIN1.2, LIN1.3), without any restrictions. 2.2 Supply Pin (VS) Undervoltage detection is implemented to disable transmission if VS falls to a value below 5V in order to avoid false bus messages. After switching on VS, the IC switches to fail-safe mode and INHIBIT is switched on. The supply current in sleep mode is typically 10µA. 2.3 Ground Pin (GND) The Atmel ATA6663/ATA6664 does not affect the LIN Bus in the case of a GND disconnection. It is able to handle a ground shift up to 11.5% of VS. 2.4 Bus Pin (LIN) A low-side driver with internal current limitation and thermal shutdown, and an internal pull-up resistor are implemented as specified by LIN2.x. The voltage range is from –27V to +40V. This pin exhibits no reverse current from the LIN bus to VS, even in the case of a GND shift or VBatt disconnection. The LIN receiver thresholds are compatible to the LIN protocol specification.The fall time (from recessive to dominant) and the rise time (from dominant to recessive) are slope controlled. The output has a self-adapting short-circuit limitation: During current limitation, as the chip temperature increases, the current is reduced. Note: 2.5 The internal pull-up resistor is only active in normal and fail-safe mode. Input/Output Pin (TXD) In Normal Mode the TXD pin is the microcontroller interface to control the state of the LIN output. TXD must be at Low- level in order to have a low LIN Bus. If TXD is high, the LIN output transistor is turned off and the Bus is in recessive state. The TXD pin is compatible to both a 3.3V or 5V supply. During fail-safe Mode, this pin is used as output and is signalling the wake- up source (see Section 2.14 “Wake-up Source Recognition” on page 8). It is current limited to < 8mA. 2.6 TXD Dominant Time-out Function (only Atmel ATA6663) The TXD input has an internal pull-down resistor. An internal timer prevents the bus line from being driven permanently in dominant state. If TXD is forced to low longer than tDOM > 40ms, the pin LIN will be switched off (recessive mode). To reset this mode, TXD needs to be switched to high (> 10µs) before switching LIN to dominant again. Note: 2.7 The ATA6664 does not provide this functionality. Output Pin (RXD) This pin forwards information on the state of the LIN bus to the microcontroller. LIN high (recessive) is indicated by a high level at RXD, LIN low (dominant) is reported by a low voltage at RXD. The output is an open drain, therefore, it is compatible to a 3.3V or 5V power supply. The AC characteristics are defined by a pull-up resistor of 5kΩ to 5V and a load capacitor of 20pF. The output is short-current protected. In unpowered mode (VS = 0V), RXD is switched off. For ESD protection a Zener diode with VZ = 6.1V is integrated. 2.8 Enable Input Pin (EN) This pin controls the operation mode of the device. If EN = 1, the device is in normal mode, with the transmission path from TXD to LIN and from LIN to RXD both active. At a falling edge on EN, while TXD is already set to high, the device switches to sleep mode and transmission is not possible. In sleep mode, the LIN bus pin is connected to VS with a weak pull-up current source. The device can transmit only after being woken up (see Section 2.9, “Inhibit Output Pin (INH)” ). During sleep mode the device is still supplied from the battery voltage. The supply current is typically 10µA. The pin EN provides a pull-down resistor in order to force the transceiver into sleep mode in case the pin is disconnected. ATA6663/ATA6664 [DATASHEET] 9146I–AUTO–10/14 3 2.9 Inhibit Output Pin (INH) This pin is used to control an external voltage regulator or to switch on/off the LIN Master pull-up resistor in case the device is used in a Master node. The inhibit pin provides an internal switch towards pin VS which is protected by temperature monitoring. If the device is in normal or fail-safe mode, the inhibit high-side switch is turned on. When the device is in sleep mode, the inhibit switch is turned off, thus disabling the voltage regulator or other connected external devices. A wake-up event on the LIN bus or at pin WAKE will switch the INH pin to the VS level. After a system power-up (VS rises from zero), the pin INH switches automatically to the VS level. 2.10 Wake-up Input Pin (WAKE) This pin is a high-voltage input used to wake-up the device from sleep mode. It is usually connected to an external switch in the application to generate a local wake-up. A pull-up current source with typically –10µA is implemented. The voltage threshold for a wake-up signal is 3V below the VS voltage with an output current of typically –3µA. If a local wake-up is not needed in the application, pin WAKE can directly be connected to pin VS. 2.11 Operation Modes 1. Normal Mode This is the normal transmitting and receiving mode. All features are available. 2. Sleep Mode In this mode the transmission path is disabled and the device is in low-power mode. Supply current from VBatt is typically 10µA. A wake-up signal from the LIN bus or via pin WAKE will be detected and will switch the device to fail-safe mode. If EN then switches to high, normal mode is activated. Input debounce timers at pin WAKE (tWAKE), LIN (tBUS) and EN (tsleep,tnom) prevent unwanted wake-up events due to automotive transients or EMI. In sleep mode the INH pin remains floating. The internal termination between pin LIN and pin VS is disabled. Only a weak pull-up current (typical 10 µA) between pin LIN and pin VS is present. Sleep mode can be activated independently from the actual level on pin LIN or WAKE. 3. Fail-safe Mode At system power-up or after a wake-up event, the device automatically switches to fail-safe mode. It switches the INH pin to a high state, to the VS level when VS exceeds 5V. LIN communication is switched off. The microcontroller of the application will then confirm normal mode by setting the EN pin to high. Figure 2-1. Modes of Operation Power-up a: Power-up (VS > 3V) b: VS < 5V c: Bus wake-up event d: Wake-up from wake switch (only Transceiver 2) a Fail-Safe Mode Communication: OFF RXD: see table of Modes INH: high (INH HS switch ON) if VS > 5V b b EN = 1 & NOT b c or d EN = 0 Normal Mode INH: high (INH HS switch ON) Communication: ON 4 ATA6663/ATA6664 [DATASHEET] 9146I–AUTO–10/14 EN = 1 Go to sleep command Local wake-up event Sleep Mode INH: high impedance (INH HS switch OFF) Communication: OFF Table 2-1. Table of Operation Modes Mode of Operation Transceiver INH RXD LIN Fail-safe Off On, except VS < 5V High, except after wake-up Recessive Normal On On LIN depending TXD depending Sleep Off Off High ohmic Recessive Wake-up events from sleep mode: ● LIN bus ● ● ● EN pin WAKE pin VS undervoltage Figure 2-1 on page 4, Figure 2-2 on page 5 and Figure 2-5 on page 8 show the details of wake-up operations. 2.12 Remote Wake-up via Dominant Bus State A voltage lower than the LIN pre-wake detection VLINL at pin LIN activates the internal LIN receiver and starts the wake-up detection timer. A falling edge at pin LIN, followed by a dominant bus level VBUSdom maintained for a certain time period (> tBUS) and a rising edge at pin LIN results in a remote wake-up request. The device switches to fail-safe mode. Pin INH is activated (switches to VS) and the internal termination resistor is switched on. The remote wake-up request is indicated by a low level at pin RXD to interrupt the microcontroller (see Figure 2-2). Figure 2-2. LIN Wake-up Waveform Diagram Bus wake-up filtering time (tBUS) LIN bus High INH Low or floating RXD High or floating Low External voltage regulator Off state Regulator wake-up time delay Normal Mode EN High EN Node in sleep state Microcontroller start-up delay time ATA6663/ATA6664 [DATASHEET] 9146I–AUTO–10/14 5 In sleep mode the device has a very low current consumption, even during short-circuits or floating conditions on the bus. A floating bus can arise if the Master pull-up resistor is missing, e.g., in case it is switched off when the LIN Master is in sleep mode or if the power supply of the Master node is switched off. To minimize the current consumption IVS during voltage levels at the LIN-pin below the LIN pre-wake threshold, the receiver is activated only for a specific time tmon. If tmon elapses while the voltage at the bus is lower than pre-wake detection low (VLINL) and higher than the LIN dominant level, the receiver is switched off again and the circuit reverts to sleep mode. The current consumption is then the result of IVSsleep plus ILINwake. If a dominant state is reached on the bus no wake-up will occur. Even if the voltage exceeds the pre-wake detection high (VLINH), the IC will remain in sleep mode (see Figure 2-3 on page 6). This means the LIN bus must be above the Pre-wake detection threshold VLINH for a few microseconds before a new LIN wake-up is possible. Figure 2-3. Floating LIN Bus During Sleep Mode LIN Pre-wake VLINL LIN BUS LIN dominant state VBUSdom tmon IVSfail IVS IVSsleep Mode of operation Sleep Mode Int. Pull-up Resistor RLIN 6 ATA6663/ATA6664 [DATASHEET] 9146I–AUTO–10/14 IVSsleep + ILINwake IVSsleep Wake-up Detection Phase off (disabled) Sleep Mode If the Atmel® ATA6663/ATA6664 is in sleep mode and the voltage level at the LIN is in dominant state (VLIN < VBUSdom) for a time period exceeding tmon (during a short circuit at LIN, for example), the IC switches back to sleep mode. The VS current consumption then consists of IVSsleep plus ILINWAKE. After a positive edge at pin LIN the IC switches directly to fail-safe mode (see Figure 2-4). Figure 2-4. Short Circuit to GND on the LIN Bus During Sleep Mode LIN Pre-wake LIN BUS VLINL LIN dominant state VBUSdom tmon tmon IVSfail IVS Mode of operation IVSsleep Sleep Mode Int. Pull-up Resistor RLIN 2.13 Wake-up Detection Phase off (disabled) IVSsleep + ILINwake Sleep Mode Fail-safe Mode on (enabled) Local Wake-up via Pin WAKE A falling edge at pin WAKE, followed by a low level maintained for a certain time period (> tWAKE), results in a local wake-up request. According to ISO7637, the wake-up time ensures that no transient creates a wake-up. The device then switches to fail-safe mode. Pin INH is activated (switches to VS) and the internal termination resistor is switched on. The local wake-up request is indicated both by a low level at pin RXD to interrupt the microcontroller and by a strong pull-down at pin TXD (see Figure 2-5). The voltage threshold for a wake-up signal is 3V below the VS voltage with an output current of typically –3µA. Even in case of a continuous low at pin WAKE it is possible to switch the IC into sleep mode via a low level at pin EN. The IC will remain in sleep mode for an unlimited time. To generate a new wake-up at pin WAKE, a high signal > 6µs is required. A negative edge then starts the wake-up filtering time again. ATA6663/ATA6664 [DATASHEET] 9146I–AUTO–10/14 7 Figure 2-5. Wake-up from Wake-up Switch Wake pin INH State change High Low or floating RXD High or floating TXD TXD weak pull-down resistor Low High TXD strong pull-down Weak pull-down Wake filtering time tWAKE Voltage regulator On state Off state Regulator wake-up time delay EN Node in operation EN High Node in sleep state Microcontroller start-up delay time 2.14 Wake-up Source Recognition The device can distinguish between a local wake-up request (pin WAKE) and a remote wake-up request (LIN bus). The wake-up source can be read at pin TXD in fail-safe mode. If an external pull-up resistor (typically 5kΩ) has been added on pin TXD to the power supply of the microcontroller, a high level indicates a remote wake-up request (weak pull-down at pin TXD), a low level indicates a local wake-up request (strong pull-down at pin TXD). The wake-up request flag (indicated at pin RXD) as well as the wake-up source flag (indicated at pin TXD) are reset immediately if the microcontroller sets pin EN to high (see Figure 2-2 on page 5 and Figure 2-5 on page 8). 2.15 8 Fail-safe Features ● During a short-circuit at LIN to VBAT, the output limits the output current to IBUS_LIM. Due to the power dissipation, the chip temperature exceeds Toff, and the LIN output is switched off. The chip cools down, and after a hysteresis of Thys, it switches the output on again. ● During a short-circuit from LIN to GND the IC can be switched to sleep mode, and even in this case the current consumption is lower than 45µA. When the short-circuit has elapsed, the IC starts with a remote wake-up. ● If the Atmel® ATA6663/ATA6664 is in sleep mode and a floating condition occurs on the bus, the IC switches back to sleep mode automatically. The current consumption is lower than 45µA in this case. ● The reverse current is < 2µA at pin LIN during loss of VBAT. This is the best behavior for bus systems where some slave nodes are supplied from battery or ignition. ● ● ● ● Pin EN provides a pull-down resistor to force the transceiver into sleep mode if EN is disconnected ● The INH output transistor is protected by temperature monitoring Pin RXD is set floating if VBAT is disconnected Pin TXD provides a pull-down resistor to provide a static low if TXD is disconnected After switching the IC into Normal Mode the TXD pin must be pulled to high longer than 10µs in order to activate the LIN driver. This feature prevents the bus from being driven into dominant state when the IC is switched into Normal Mode and TXD is low. ATA6663/ATA6664 [DATASHEET] 9146I–AUTO–10/14 3. Absolute Maximum Ratings Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress rating only and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of this specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability. Parameters Symbol Min. Typ. Max. Unit VS - Continuous supply voltage –0.3 +40 V Wake DC and transient voltage (with 2.7kΩ serial resistor) - Transient voltage according to ISO7637 (coupling 1nF) –3 –150 +40 +100 V V Logic pins (RXD, TXD, EN) –0.3 +5.5 V LIN - DC voltage - Transient voltage according to ISO7637 (coupling 1nF) –27 –150 +40 +100 V V INH - DC voltage –0.3 VS + 0.3 V ESD according to IBEE LIN EMC Test specification 1.0 according to IEC 61000-4-2 - Pin VS, LIN to GND - Pin WAKE (2.7kΩ serial resistor) ±8 ±6 KV KV ±6 KV ±3 KV CDM ESD STM 5.3.1 ±750 V Machine Model ESD AEC-Q100-Rev.F (003) ±200 V ESD HBM according to STM5.1 with 1.5kΩ / 100pF - Pin VS, LIN, WAKE, INH to GND HBM ESD ANSI/ESD-STM5.1 JESD22-A114 AEC-Q100 (002) Junction temperature Tj –40 +150 °C Storage temperature Tstg –55 +150 °C Symbol Min. Max. Unit 145 K/W 4. Thermal Characteristics SO8 Parameters Thermal resistance junction ambient RthJA Special heat sink at GND (pin 5) on PCB (fused lead frame to pin 5) RthJA Typ. 80 K/W Thermal shutdown Toff 150 165 180 °C Thermal shutdown hysteresis Thys 5 10 20 °C ATA6663/ATA6664 [DATASHEET] 9146I–AUTO–10/14 9 5. Thermal Characteristics DFN8 Parameters Symbol Min. Typ. Max. Unit Thermal resistance junction to heat slug RthJC 10 K/W Thermal resistance junction to ambient, where heat slug is soldered to PCB according to JEDEC RthJA 50 K/W Thermal shutdown Toff 150 165 180 °C Thermal shutdown hysteresis Thys 5 10 20 °C 6. Electrical Characteristics 5V < VS < 27V, Tj = –40°C to +150°C No. 1 1.1 1.2 Parameters Test Conditions Pin Symbol Min. Typ. Max. Unit Type* 7 VS 5 13.5 27 V A Sleep mode VLIN > VS – 0.5V VS < 14V 7 IVSsleep 10 20 µA A Sleep mode, bus shorted to GND VLIN = 0V VS < 14V 7 IVSsleep_sc 23 45 µA A Bus recessive VS < 14V 7 IVSrec 0.9 1.3 mA A Bus dominant VS < 14V Total bus load > 500Ω 7 IVSdom 1.2 2 mA A Bus recessive VS < 14V 7 IVSfail 0.5 1.1 mA A VS Pin DC voltage range nominal Supply current in sleep mode 1.3 Supply current in normal mode 1.4 1.5 Supply current in fail-safe mode 1.6 VS undervoltage threshold on 7 VSth 4 4.95 V A 1.7 VS undervoltage threshold off 7 VSth 4.05 5 V A 1.8 VS undervoltage threshold hysteresis 7 VSth_hys 50 500 mV A 1.3 8 mA A 0.4 V A 2 RXD Output Pin (Open Drain) 2.1 Low-level output sink current Normal mode VLIN = 0V, VRXD = 0.4V 1 IRXDL 2.2 RXD saturation voltage 5-kΩ pull-up resistor to 5V 1 VsatRXD 2.3 High-level leakage current Normal mode VLIN = VBAT, VRXD = 5V 1 IRXDH –3 +3 µA A 2.4 ESD Zener diode IRXD = 100µA 1 VZRXD 5.8 8.6 V A 3 2.5 TXD Input Pin 3.1 Low-level voltage input 4 VTXDL –0.3 +0.8 V A 3.2 High-level voltage input 4 VTXDH 2 5.5 V A 3.3 Pull-down resistor VTXD = 5V 4 RTXD 125 600 kΩ A 3.4 Low-level leakage current VTXD = 0V 4 ITXD_leak –3 +3 µA A 250 *) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter 10 ATA6663/ATA6664 [DATASHEET] 9146I–AUTO–10/14 6. Electrical Characteristics (Continued) 5V < VS < 27V, Tj = –40°C to +150°C No. Parameters Test Conditions 3.5 Low-level output sink current Fail-safe mode, local wake-up VTXD = 0.4V VLIN = VBAT 4 Pin Symbol Min. Typ. Max. Unit Type* 4 ITXD 1.3 2.5 8 mA A 2 VENL –0.3 +0.8 V A EN Input Pin 4.1 Low-level voltage input 4.2 High-level voltage input 2 VENH 2 4.3 Pull-down resistor VEN = 5V 2 REN 125 4.4 Low-level input current VEN = 0V 2 IEN 5 5.5 V A 600 kΩ A –3 +3 µA A VS – 0.75 VS V A 50 Ω A 250 INH Output Pin 5.1 High-level voltage Normal or fail-safe mode IINH = –15mA 8 VINHH 5.2 Switch-on resistance between VS and INH Normal or fail-safe mode 8 RINH 5.3 Leakage current Sleep mode VINH = 0V/27V, VS = 27V 8 IINHL –3 +3 µA A 3 VWAKEH VS – 1V VS + 0.3V V A VS – 3.3V V A µA A 6 30 WAKE Pin 6.1 High-level input voltage 6.2 Low-level input voltage IWAKE = typically –3µA 3 VWAKEL –1V 6.3 Wake pull-up current VS < 27V 3 IWAKE –30 6.4 High-level leakage current VS = 27V, VWAKE = 27V 3 IWAKE –5 +5 µA A 0.9 × VS VS V A 7 –10 LIN Bus Driver 7.1 Driver recessive output voltage RLOAD = 500Ω / 1kΩ 6 VBUSrec 7.2 Driver dominant voltage VBUSdom_DRV_LoSUP VVS = 7V, Rload = 500Ω 6 V_LoSUP 1.2 V A 7.3 Driver dominant voltage VBUSdom_DRV_HiSUP VVS = 18V, Rload = 500Ω 6 V_HiSUP 2 V A 7.4 Driver dominant voltage VBUSdom_DRV_LoSUP VVS = 7V, Rload = 1000Ω 6 V_LoSUP_1k 0.6 V A 7.5 Driver dominant voltage VBUSdom_DRV_HiSUP VVS = 18V, Rload = 1000Ω 6 V_HiSUP_1k_ 0.8 V A 7.6 Pull-up resistor to VS The serial diode is mandatory 6 RLIN 20 47 kΩ A 7.7 In pull-up path with Rslave Voltage drop at the serial diodes ISerDiode = 10mA 6 VSerDiode 0.4 1.0 V D 7.8 LIN current limitation VBUS = VBAT_max 6 IBUS_LIM 40 200 mA A 7.9 Input leakage current at the receiver, including pull-up resistor as specified 6 IBUS_PAS_do –1 mA A Input leakage current Driver off VBUS = 0V, VS = 12V 30 120 m *) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter ATA6663/ATA6664 [DATASHEET] 9146I–AUTO–10/14 11 6. Electrical Characteristics (Continued) 5V < VS < 27V, Tj = –40°C to +150°C No. Parameters Test Conditions Pin Symbol 7.10 Leakage current LIN recessive Driver off 8V < VBAT < 18V 8V < VBUS < 18V VBUS ≥ VBAT 6 IBUS_PAS_rec 7.11 Leakage current at ground loss; control unit disconnected from GNDDevice = VS ground; loss of local ground VBAT =12V must not affect communication 0V < VBUS < 18V in the residual network 6 IBUS_NO_Gnd 7.12 Leakage current at loss of VBAT disconnected battery; node has to substain the current that can flow under VSUP_Device = GND this condition; bus must remain 0V < VBUS < 18V operational under this condition 6 IBUS_NO_Bat 7.13 Capacitance on pin LIN to GND 6 CLIN 8 Min. –10 Typ. Max. Unit Type* 10 20 µA A +0.5 +10 µA A 0.1 2 µA A 20 pF D 0.525 × VS V A LIN Bus Receiver 8.1 Center of receiver threshold VBUS_CNT = (Vth_dom + Vth_rec) / 2 6 VBUS_CNT 0.475 × VS 8.2 Receiver dominant state VEN = 5V 6 VBUSdom –27 0.4 × VS V A 8.3 Receiver recessive state VEN = 5V 6 VBUSrec 0.6 × VS 40 V A 8.4 Receiver input hysteresis VHYS = Vth_rec – Vth_dom 6 VBUShys 0.028 × VS 0.175 × VS V A 8.5 Pre-wake detection LIN High-level input voltage 6 VLINH VS – 2V VS + 0.3V V A 8.6 Pre-wake detection LIN Low-level input voltage Switches the LIN receiver on 6 VLINL –27V VS – 3.3V V A 8.7 LIN Pre-wake pull-up current VS < 27V VLIN = 0V 6 ILINWAKE –30 –10 µA A 9 0.5 × VS 0.1 × VS Internal Timers 9.1 Dominant time for wake-up via LIN bus VLIN = 0V 6 tBUS 30 90 150 µs A 9.2 Time of low pulse for wake-up via pin WAKE VWAKE = 0V 3 tWAKE 7 35 50 µs A 9.3 Time delay for mode change from fail-safe mode to normal mode via pin EN VEN = 5V 2 tnorm 2 7 15 µs A 9.4 Time delay for mode change from normal mode into sleep mode via pin EN VEN = 0V 2 tsleep 7 15 24 µs A 9.5 Atmel ATA6663: TXD dominant time out time VTXD = 0V 4 tdom 40 60 85 ms A 9.6 Power-up delay between VS = 5V until INH switches to high VVS = 5V 7, 8 tVS 200 µs A *) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter 12 ATA6663/ATA6664 [DATASHEET] 9146I–AUTO–10/14 6. Electrical Characteristics (Continued) 5V < VS < 27V, Tj = –40°C to +150°C No. Parameters 9.7 Monitoring time for wake-up via LIN bus Test Conditions Pin Symbol Min. Typ. Max. Unit Type* 6 tmon 6 10 15 ms A LIN Bus Driver AC Parameter with Different Bus Loads 10 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 11 Load 1 (small): 1nF, 1kΩ ; Load 2 (large): 10nF, 500Ω ; RRXD = 5kΩ ; CRXD = 20pF; Load 3 (medium): 6.8nF, 660Ω characterized on samples; 10.1 and 10.2 specifies the timing parameters for proper operation at 20Kbit/s, 10.3 and 10.4 at 10.4Kbit/s. Duty cycle 1 THRec(max) = 0.744 × VS THDom(max) = 0.581 × VS VS = 7.0V to 18V tBit = 50µs D1 = tbus_rec(min) / (2 × tBit) 6 D1 Duty cycle 2 THRec(min) = 0.422 × VS THDom(min) = 0.284 × VS VS = 7.0V to 18V tBit = 50µs D2 = tbus_rec(max) / (2 × tBit) 6 D2 Duty cycle 3 THRec(max) = 0.778 × VS THDom(max) = 0.616 × VS VS = 7.0V to 18V tBit = 96µs D3 = tbus_rec(min) / (2 × tBit) 6 D3 Duty cycle 4 THRec(min) = 0.389 × VS THDom(min) = 0.251 × VS VS = 7.0V to 18V tBit = 96µs D4 = tbus_rec(max) / (2 × tBit) 6 D4 0.590 6 µs A +2 µs A 0.396 A 0.581 A 0.417 A A Receiver Electrical AC Parameters of the LIN Physical Layer LIN receiver, RXD load conditions: CRXD = 20pF, Rpull-up = 5kΩ 11.1 Propagation delay of receiver (see Figure 6-1 on page 14) trec_pd = max(trx_pdr , trx_pdf) VS = 7.0V to 18V 1 trx_pd 11.2 Symmetry of receiver propagation delay rising edge minus falling edge trx_sym = trx_pdr – trx_pdf VS = 7.0V to 18V 1 trx_sym –2 *) Type means: A = 100% tested, B = 100% correlation tested, C = Characterized on samples, D = Design parameter ATA6663/ATA6664 [DATASHEET] 9146I–AUTO–10/14 13 Figure 6-1. Definition of Bus Timing Parameter tBit tBit tBit TXD (Input to transmitting node) tBus_dom(max) tBus_rec(min) Thresholds of THRec(max) VS (Transceiver supply of transmitting node) receiving node 1 THDom(max) LIN Bus Signal Thresholds of THRec(min) receiving node 2 THDom(min) tBus_dom(min) tBus_rec(max) RXD (Output of receiving node 1) trx_pdf(1) trx_pdr(1) RXD (Output of receiving node 2) trx_pdr(2) 14 ATA6663/ATA6664 [DATASHEET] 9146I–AUTO–10/14 trx_pdf(2) Figure 6-2. Application Circuit Master node pull-up 22μF 100nF 12V 1k VDD 7 ATA6663/ATA6664 VS Receiver 1 LIN sub bus 5V 5kΩ VBATTERY RXD LIN Wake-up bus timer 4 TXD Time-out timer TXD GND IO 2.7kΩ 3 WAKE Slew rate control Short-circuit and overtemperature protection 220pF VS VS Control unit 10kΩ External switch 6 Filter Microcontroller Wake-up timer 5 Sleep mode GND 2 8 EN INH ATA6663/ATA6664 [DATASHEET] 9146I–AUTO–10/14 15 7. Ordering Information Extended Type Number Package ATA6663-FAQW-1 Remarks DFN8 LIN transceiver, Pb-free, 6k, taped and reeled ATA6663-GAQW SO8 LIN transceiver, Pb-free, 4k, taped and reeled ATA6664-GAQW SO8 LIN transceiver, Pb-free, 4k, taped and reeled 8. Package Information Figure 8-1. SO8 E1 L A b A2 A1 C D e 8 E 5 technical drawings according to DIN specifications Dimensions in mm 1 4 COMMON DIMENSIONS Pin 1 identity (Unit of Measure = mm) Symbol MIN NOM MAX A 1.5 1.65 1.8 A1 A2 0.1 1.4 0.15 1.47 0.25 1.55 D 4.8 4.9 5 E 5.8 6 6.2 E1 3.8 3.9 4 L 0.4 0.65 0.9 C 0.15 0.2 0.25 b e 0.3 0.4 1.27 BSC 0.5 NOTE 05/08/14 TITLE Package Drawing Contact: email@example.com 16 ATA6663/ATA6664 [DATASHEET] 9146I–AUTO–10/14 Package: SO8 GPC DRAWING NO. REV. 6.543-5185.01-4 1 Figure 8-2. DFN8 Top View D 8 E PIN 1 ID technical drawings according to DIN specifications 1 A A3 A1 Dimensions in mm Side View Partially Plated Surface Bottom View 4 COMMON DIMENSIONS E2 1 Z (Unit of Measure = mm) Symbol MIN NOM MAX A 0.8 0.85 0.9 e A1 A3 0 0.16 0.035 0.21 0.05 0.26 D2 D 2.9 3 3.1 D2 2.3 2.4 2.5 E 2.9 3 3.1 E2 1.5 1.6 1.7 L 0.35 0.4 0.45 b e 0.25 0.3 0.65 0.35 8 5 L Z 10:1 NOTE b 10/11/13 TITLE Package Drawing Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Package: VDFN_3x3_8L Exposed pad 2.4x1.6 GPC DRAWING NO. REV. 6.543-5165.03-4 1 ATA6663/ATA6664 [DATASHEET] 9146I–AUTO–10/14 17 9. Revision History Please note that the following page numbers referred to in this section refer to the specific revision mentioned, not to this document. Revision No. History • Put datasheet in the latest template 9146I-AUTO-10/14 • Section 7 “Ordering Information” on page 16 updated • Section 8 “Package Information” on pages 16 to 17 updated 9146H-AUTO-03/14 • Section 7 “Ordering Information” on page 16: Order quantity of ATA6663-FAQW updated 9146G-AUTO-06/12 • Section 5“Electrical Characteristics” numbers 3.2 and 4.2 on page 10 to 11 updated 9146F-AUTO-10/11 • Section 6 “Thermal Characteristics DFN8” on page 10 implemented 9146E-AUTO-03/11 9146D-AUTO-09/10 9146C-AUTO-07/10 • Figure 1-1 “Block Diagram” on page 2 updated • Section 3.15 “Fail-safe Features” on page 9 updated • Section 7 “Ordering Information” on page 17 updated • Section 8 “Package Information” on pages 17 to 18 updated • Section 6 “Electrical Characteristics” numbers 9.4 and 9.5 on page 13 updated • Features updated 9146B-AUTO-05/10 • Headings 3.6 and 3.10: text updated • Abs.Max.Ratings table: row “ESD HBM according to STM5.1” updated 18 ATA6663/ATA6664 [DATASHEET] 9146I–AUTO–10/14 XXXXXX Atmel Corporation 1600 Technology Drive, San Jose, CA 95110 USA T: (+1)(408) 441.0311 F: (+1)(408) 436.4200 | www.atmel.com © 2014 Atmel Corporation. / Rev.: 9146I–AUTO–10/14 Atmel®, Atmel logo and combinations thereof, Enabling Unlimited Possibilities®, and others are registered trademarks or trademarks of Atmel Corporation or its subsidiaries. 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